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h«r !ipoltcatlt?*-, for sioalserahlp irs t?w ^utyal Proti&stlvo L^a^s, 
R&'^'^ly ^"' >^®ara, b'.ii t-*~.at- »ft8 ssat.^ ©f the ar© of -^f y»ar3 and up- 
"*-aird3t ^t *?-.l-5h A;?d sh© sn,B. r.ot sil^.tbls} for ^^orttb^rahip Ir. ths 
said sooietyt that 1?? ssoordc*' o« i»1 th th« applioatio-n, the bsn*- 
fit 3e-rttf 10(^1.3 iind Xti^ <jor!stlt?itlor; End "by-laaa of the doffsid&iit, 
s&l'vi stat^if^ftnt dOTi3iii^^t*sd a ssarrs-'t^? f^&t th« stat^n^r;* aa to 
her a;'© 3R» urtrue, f^X^e ard fra*idul«mt and tM&T^tty the >?9«:eflt 
a©rtifl3.it-s b0O5i,?^.(& ^tx&Xlf rraii ai'^'^d ifoli. (i;) t>iat in th^s applica- 
tion for r^«.?sfe«r»hi;> ib« Iniuro^i afcata?! ^a> w.*<3 rtot 3Ul>j[«<st ty or 
feis-d had, a^^eng oth«n- cUaeaaas, earcor or tu!acr; th&t tri>s insured 
®&rr&ri.tefl th« aal^i stater'i^nt to b© tnj«->, 'bat that h'.jr state^s^rit 
ataa tmtrve, f&l©« an:l f'r'a.udlularjt, und tfctt tS©r©by thss berssflt 
oertifieat.^ .«*» rsr.4er©d srhally nail and ^old. (S) Ths»t th*» Iti- 
ai^rsd, in T^^pm>,^<i to tlto ■^■uastlfjrj *le s-oiir life rc"^ iKst^jred?" 
&r;s.»«r«<i "'?©;" thiit 3^,1 .! t'rja»8f sm.^t i»&rra,nt^ to b® tr?i@t fcui 
that It «a3 ii* faol, imttni^, fei,is# rt^A fr»i>dul»Kt, i%na fejrj&reby th® 
benefit c«rtl float* ^.>4^«^m« t^hellf r.yll ar;! -sfoivi. (4) ihat the» 
iRsurM did net sl^ tt^'S appllafttlem in qt3«»tlon ^h^r^ln sial4 
?ir,i5ffsro sfero r?&d.sj ili«t t/at Insured 'jsho £i%-3 al".l'Sf;«sdi to hiS,^*s f5lrn«»d 
the p»5tltior; for H5-.-»?b^r. 'p -mux, r%o% tl-js sa??* p^r-^ori sho slf'">©<i fhe 
saiv-i appllcfetlon ijsnd ^'As • ttii* aa^sif person »ho -sfas »2a«^ln<*<?, for 
Kj^abdrsshlp" %r\<l tYj^t _ tlj^r-i , t&^» lsSi.T-?airit dartlfloat© -^hioh a^s 

ventlon a.-^a tr«a>"sh of 3»t4r?^ri&y r' ' iurtb*r«ore, that U\:i said appli- 
cation Keis sijjns'^d by eoKia paraon •-; tner t)i:sr: '-ar^ 0*3rlen, falsely 
rapraaonting h^r Ag»f oo«iSiti<»t of hisaltii ^^ni th® fact '-hat t?iii>rc-» 
waa othor injursnofii ws iidr- life- whlcn atatQanjita ^yir© tonatttuwd 
»arranti;'i3 by tJPt^ ftp|»lioat,l«-n and the prc'vlaiona ccntiilrjjci In th© 
b';ji'eflt 3@ji»tlfS,o&t« aryi ife* oorstitut^on anij b.7-la*3 of tfa^ dafiRilant. 

On t.'ri«.. ^rlftl .«r t*^6 t>*a# bafore th^ octirt *lthout * Jury. 
the court foimd .th» ir^^t:- ' Tor th» plaintiff and a-««a3«d plslTJ- 
tiff*:?! a.-i.^^?t£-8« In tJs« »is Of ;|lors(^? from tha jadi^^^r.t »nt9r«>d on 



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aai4 flvdlng 4sr«Trxlartt has austS ca^t this rrlt cf arrcr. 
MB, JOSTIvS FA» 4*liv<tr!*;i the oj-ial^S?:^- of fet'* sourt* 

AViOn.fr, Uv^ siar-7 proposlilors cf la» hol4 toy the sourt 

*fh<9 oetirt t?«lde that u?^j2«r th« oertlfic&t© of 

1.r-s>ur&r;oe* Iss'uftdl tc ':'s.i*y ';*:;Ti^r,i ff^:.!>es-.,rj,^j^ h-^rf^in, the 
Insurable &g's was &st»«ar- twenty (SO) arsi flftrf-flva f."^?*) 
y«»s.rK tv-oi\iisltr«r, m\d ii* tt;--J s^ni^? • s^r^^ C-'i'S^j'* 'iooo'iB?.*!, 
isfea of a gr»at*sr ajs# at tli« tlj^s of h/^r appll nation for 
;r:fe*''b.&rship in ii-it-l-! 'arsi^ty fc- la- flft?-*rlva (-■:•") yaara, 
t,h^ O0rtlflo*its5 is nuii arid void." 

Thi-3 .tr.dioats^ th^ prir.sipio of l^ir apf-liad by th® oo=^rt 
t.c the f&otiS in iiVi.d0T.Oii upon tft« trial, -on tho ocntsntlor. of the 
d#f(S??dant that th-.? iT53ur®d at t'r.<@ ti^jia aha madid th@ applla&tioti, 
«•?»•.'' net of th?ii tei.;« »t«tt'9d in har alia^M netitlcr? or appllsatlon 
for ^•0s5b<3rahlp; asi.i it b#l?3|j ts«tr<-i«, fa,l;i® ar - fraudul^snt, r^Ti- 
d@re;l tfi* b^n^flt oertlAlaata ss-l^elly niili and void. 

Upoj3 t>di5 Issnd pl&tntlff slao&i In a¥t<i«»^ao th^ benefit 
sertiflc&te; t'ne fsiot thAt thtj insureJl disd otj October 2a, 19112: 
ar-a th&t plaintiff «ua th« 'borssfi alary as@ntioii««i In the ber..*5flt 
c©rtlfSsat«, ^ 

D@f#n4ar.t» or Its bshalf, Introiuc^tS this appliaatior^ or 

pf*t.ltlor; of •■&rf 0*.'<ri«n for B*«?ib»r0,hip In th« def'^rdart organise.- 

tlon, ':a\A sipipliQHktion o^fitairi^, anons othor thirds, th<?i follow- 

Kv-Z stst«r3snt3S 

"l, iTart •:».jrl«n, havlB^ b#<»«s aoqualnt«'l ^Ith t^s 
y)j|c3iace of your ord-^r, ao petltisfs for ai^-?sb©ranip ir; Jouricil 

-:4'''- %?v\ for a benefit 'oertiflcat* of >1000« * --» '* I *^aa 
btsm tts trtta first 43.y of fr., lSg7, a^S <«-%» M y®ar« of ae® 
at Wj? la^t hlrtfc-'-iay, m-A son 'M y®are at -ny n«>'-^r'^«»!t Ijlrth- 
diajr. > •? « I d-^f hisr«by ijarr&nt tJ>e truthfulness cf thu at&te- 
S'^ita In tnis ^dtitlon ftcd oonaont a'^1 &^ri^e that ary untm© 
cr fr^-.'-il--il<jnt -3.ts,t*^*nt ?sr..l«i strain or to the Kredieiii 'ix&'slnsr, 
or any oona^al-tj^rt of facta by se i?^ t'ls p« title , ahali 
fcrffilt thf ri.-lit-S or rsyss^-'lf er beKefial&ri*»a to all 'b«rj@fits 
and prii?ilo|:'ss herdin." 

rh« st&tQ?^arjt S3 then si^wl • 5ary 0*Brl«e.* After tJil-a ai^cra- 

tur<* follGss ^'- list of 4f> <iua«t!ona propounded to bar by the 

Sft.il <s«l ©xaslnar, >r, .:nits»lT:gs« At the eri of thea:* --itii^ationa 



SVi -.-■;' w:'> -r l^ci, ;-:;:-■>.::■ ^ - H. f^*?^;^?? ♦r^^ .;i*w '^^. i^ ,- i i^ L , >»iiJ i'W 
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ansl jtaitssi'^ntfti fr^jtn I to 't^ liolusiv^, ^(i«>(»t,b«'r -srittBv 
hy n^ or not, srs^ 'i©Glar^ {^.n! -df^jrra'-t th?it, thay &r«;^ full, 
<iO<a»i«*t!i cfei'-d tru© to the tet?;! of mf Vnowj «*-if« en^ H«*ZlQf, 
wnxi i a;5.r«>^ tHst U:--? tri;jsth of each' arjt-swdr and sfeat'^^^niert 

i Ing o.:-T!i^i''s.cjt l»ataa4 ^3pon the faith of th'* forBf^oimy, "^xnnw&TB, 
f» •> «. 

''I fVii^th^A' ar.r«'! ttu^^, tr;Q forr^ffofnis.; ar-j-s^ers: and 
st&t^i-astnt,*^ together »It.h l^he 2£3£jIlSil ii£pl^i*^^-t !_£_'• j> shall 
form Uio ba^lti of th«t aontr^aV ''!5»Ci«a«>n ia 'iH3r""^.e "iyutuax 

A-;'! &r€! o.ffer<%d by tas &s a ts on .=3 1 derail on of th^ oorxmot, 

feiS th& featsi,-} i.h.O'rauf, and tJs-it thay e'^ali b:-* oc-n^trunil to- 
_^?:aU-i^3r i'..>i n t>&rt of ny ssor-tir-iet,* (Italian our-s. " 

Then foilo.ifs tn® iSlr^atur® or Mary o^rsrl^n, th« i??<^^jr«<t. 

In vlc;'.» of *>'i9 f<»ri,s:tOln«' Itar.g^iaf®* raust not t>,^ 'jtat®- 

m^nt of th-* lR''-j^ir<5'i iflth ?*»fwr«m3e to her %..'«• b© 3or;sldsr"sd ^is a 

ds-ilaratioT ln'i«!'»€r}-'i«r t fv-^i «'itir<isly sep^ar^iAt® fpom ths ana wars 

isitd® by h^t t€ ??u§3tlctn^ I t.-^ 4?- propoun-isd by the ?a©diOfa ©xanslnar? 

sJ59 warrartg the tj^^slar^tion a. a to h«r ait'ss * sfhlali Iss on« of a 
rsurabar of r*>«iti&la - %o tes t^r-a®, »r-i tB®r* i^ no <|«a'llTloatlor5 In 

b'i true, ever hu-jr oi|rr«atiiif', W?t thsr» le this <|ual!^ScRtior«> * ?o 
th* bfe.it oa bar krios'3 <3K4|t# .^rsd belief** The teey?*flt c^rtlfidate 
itee3.f 3ta1,fi& tiih-t It jfj. i\%ev&d "in ooraideratior? of th-:> r'.tat9???i<nts 

Of m<ft««b3ra«hip,* (it&llaa oura.) in our cplnl'?r, th«i?.« f4.jtsi ana 
cirourn-asjicoB ol=^arlf l:™ai!3at« Uaat th.© d<»oI%rati'->r. &rd ttie taedloal 
©x<3.?r!lnaliifs!-, t't<m|;li fi^p^Tuntlf parts of or;*! lr.3tru^>9nt» ^wrs in- ^ 

t«ndsd to 3Sf dlatissat skn«i .separate* Itid tnaur9ti h^reiaif, in a.c^r©^- 



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*! further a^r^?* t^at thfj fore^toin*? 8r;3?f«»5rsii aTtd 
Qtate^i-^-jita to^5»-i;hx.vr »lth th® prao*5dtr,r dft'Ule.ratl.or., shall 
for»-- tbiS ba>?<l:» af V'iH <j^r!tr»"iOt b«twt»«T: rs* rnrii the -utual 

sind a£*a offsrsfJ by ise as a oon^d^r-'itlor. ef tn» 'sontraet 
.,i^r>l i ■« ,1 aC-2*, and a.r?5 hereby .■ssa^f -i part of '^nj berjsfit c^r- 
t.lfl«&t* tiMt -m^j l:i» l;^37?fri -^ipcn t^il^ map 11 ^^i Hot* ani shall 
Vie d«iera«4 mrA t^3.k«'i a.^ rr.rt of .miath oertificat«^* 

aciji*t i.?$xc'.f, In hCrl?,l?'iS ^'i® r:rlnct*^.l«5! -cf Isis ■^lr9s.■;ly «®t forth rtrsd 

In refusing to hold that tn^is &."t':i*?r •^^^s* tt- the =|ue®tton *Arss ytrj 
no» i-isKirad^'* 41 'I «-:i:?=3tltt3i# a ^is-frs^ntj* ■'orejoverf oounaai Tor &p- 

rsilaa, in hi J- oral ^?^r,^»3»«!fst bif^^rii f-ls o-ourt, fraJiklf -O'rl'^Jttad 

ae-rtsi ti dl'-fer'^r.t i^ii^gtlor tht.r: th<*» a^^'^sfor^a to qMSBtlcrrs I to 4'*. 
x3s-rstcfr^ri' rof©r?^i t^?*, ■*"« ci'-<r©c-fit2 t?if-.t the «tst®s«r3t as to a,«so 
•«&i- ir. the n-ftVara of r^ in^tT'iTXf, it-tsl2.e tho an3iif©rs to tb® 4'^- q^tses- 
tlona •^i.re in tha imtiBre* of r{jpr€!S«rit&t*.?ir.s «hloh» befors ti"@y ccaild 
be- iDcnuldfei-ttd by !,j5e aourt an d4ft€rt?.1?'«.tl'r0 of this Isaue, -^unt be 

cont^tncisa, how&rBTt *'^>&t t^Q isnjtts. or smtrtsth nf th--'^ st&tes^erst aa 
to V"^^) «gc cf th?j! lTi.nur*?.j «^1 a^. '»?.ss ri.!:*T^t t-.*.^^ tr^ h^ f* jsarrar^t,?, sras 
a CjUSiit'-on cf faot, i»r,A th .t. ^hvf flndJim^t of t!iT- fSO'^rt on tJils^ -quos- 
tlon r/a> '.at &I«arl? r^id '^^'itfa/^tlj r^«?^lr.at tha -sirti^^ht of th«3 artd- 
«<ii3d, Thia "^rlng? ^i9 to th» gvl,l'>'n.'se offera-l. on behalf of th^ dB- 
fi»n..U'^t> tJ5:::».t th;j at^ist-.Ti'i^nt n-;^*?^? Ir, a«s^4 ap^lloatlor; n-ti tc» tJia a^-^o 
of Ua^.i in3«r'M> aai? imtru<3« 

on %'4h&Xf cf t!io d«f*a---la--t *.J?>-ir9 i^r-^ r^-n^l In *iv.ldeyto« 
tnr«a »5oi.i3ii5i zf Jx^suranae ic?-i'jjt1 cj? t;"i llf j of t^*-? ^ald ir'ary 

Cet€*b«^r 7, ii^^i» iJ-iS appllOfttlona upon «'^loh thaa© pollv<3io3 of 
iRaurario^ *i'®ra l=^saedAalao in svldBna© Ir. thia «aj?a:. Thaaa bear 



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V)e s?,^ati:r0 t^S thi> trsmir»4 by h&r m^rk* "hey ^ppsi^r in t'-ie 
reot-rc i'^ Jof^ndar.tVis @yMb1t« l::, l''^ tm^ }. , 2n tho first, her 

In >■*?» Vr*->f e?^'' fin th** oraX P^rfn»s«*nt., «mm«el for -r^lalri- 
t.i iT saslnts-lmsf! t,>.i * tb»?,'#'^ i%pn.1.'«f,i**l^nfi ^-f<5r<=s rot J?? eyidanea. 

**f>r f.-.--: .lr:anrs^T'»ft xtr^- rt'!--.l^-^,s-* *r »'«'<>i-?'i;-^.c«? t^ '*h-o« tlist the In- 
atirsj'i uarrl'.nt i»*.'^:.iv *mmr,m^-'^ j^vt *:':>'^ f,*^^ ^Ha ar^nll^aii for r-.a-abar- 

wfhlly the *4^v;3ll5iiticn.a .f'^-* ii'':-^i^r-^nc^ x^t^- ^rljsltte'i as «vlds?^?j« 

corporation, 
sf;'-? !ippl Isd fc:? r5.'???^?>r»M.i5 In i'kfsft^mii^rit ^ ret* having besr %,il.?nltt©d 

for on-e piir--c30, tt-'^y '«''r^'; -vttdtif^i! ft'M* «i.i «i?rpeg©», art4 that 

•^ur% of U,;g. ir=-:'i.r?=4f '^jst be rc'"* ''•^.«''':"-* -13 c"??<l«§r;ep« $n supijort of 
ili? sof!t'-r>tlor <:=r. tJi!?? Ici^no r-5t> ^v^f^r'^rc© to tb« ai^«> of th^ tn- 

O^vc-'n a Ofir«-ftjl i;xa*9lTJivt.lr- ef th«^ raciorvl, »-e ftrd th.-.t 

I'i3r*-^':4a?wj2^' i J t.,|^<> ?»f!fto:°'-i nho^^ss n'> or^J'^Tttoi to t?J'5l.r admlsalor! in 
s-.?-*,.^'*?i-5«.. '?hl.X-'i fiO'tnuesl *ov pX:i%-nt,\^ io*it<3»i'a '??«?•», a?* ha ■ll-.t 
's.-il'^^-j %':vl '*10 rip;r'l*i.:55i,tt?in? ^i."'.- «!^t ■50!s^e^*'snt, y-^t, hiV?.TjK fallad 

-^i •'« -sriis.-^-i^.^f-ss- -.i;?^". tl?ii .=5-?t,ton of th^ -s^^^irt i", idi^ltttrtf- the?s 
in ^t'id*nes, w^ canrnot aorjgidtr (j-junsol *si ooTttentior on th# ;iu#s- 

ilofi of t>';5.*lf G;?rp*5tar»3y. "?h*f ar* Ir fiJg raoor-l a?5'l «t>u«t ba 
iMsn-jiifcrtJ-. l^y ''ss ir fia^iRSOtlon with tn* i«TJ« h©r« ^fsV*^^ -il-jfliuosad* 

at Uic tis(» th*? ^-or^flt rj-'irt'.flcttta Ir th» saea at b5.r *i« IssuM* 
«a^ &t ieaat ^sorfe than a' y«rirft or af.*. 



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•.;ievelsin;S, a nursf^f, iH.t' at the ilr.,- j>I th^.. t2»ial **a.& ^sca^i^isot^d 
«^t!-5 thf> tsib*:r<3s^iIoslii ?*^-=itar!i4r5 sr l)*:? :ji:LsiX^4. Court, U»^ -lio 

and ti» ft fi?*s-!'^?r cf thsit c^a?slt'^tia-i &lm did ^crk Xs>r tlie :/^64Krcp©l- 
it^m Life Xnsur&re<s CQ^-^nft O^.f* t#*i-tif:ls;'^ th--,.t a^.^ CAlit;! y,pcti 
thf^ Inaur^d 1r (^cr^m^ct"- cr. islUi vfi>rk d<>r.i tj Itu As.,^ii^ll.iy?. fcr th® 
•.©tropollter; ■jomi'-'^ff f^^i^ :•'■ rn& «if t.nr vliiiia* .m2€ :»&«: ©r*. otXit^ 

ing in l5«r ra^ri O;: a jar.' ^2 t\-i h,»ircp^ilt&n JcxpAn?* x.M^s iwlt- 

(the iRmir^'i) 11 -?#-?' .vit;^ ^-oi*- ^^■i\ij;^%ig'g :.ra. ^.'^4?5«-$. -la^r.^ftj taat 

that tr.fj iriiur^ app&ar«»r! *^o '-^.^ ar* r ''■"• |f*=4ar9i of ?ti:-.6» 

had n^iT^'T nean V:\t inmir#:^. Ir. -vtr Xif-stlru:;, tlajy ciii ii^a h!$r 4^ad 

Irj hsr oaakstt that her >ii;l»' t?.ii ,s:->>>, ^/rfi ^■:i©£* cooiitw-.^ificas uTlnEled! 

th-%t ah© *t>p«tar»^. t<? "© i**>y .it •"''.^, ^;**»i--' ^f a.?;;^:*. i*«>stl«jOriy of .i alse- 

Catmon, w?.ot!5 'hf? V>a< ■*?*--/ 'S-..ll» 

'•Jrlduat- Ownron, ■i-*;;sj^'5*!='ir' -:5f th-^ i.':nur'«s(.5, i*n-l b.«i0i;H.;44ir;,»' 
under th9 pi)l'i''>rt l-**T3-9-;t tij/ "/^rv ■■«*,ror ;«l't...T .-jii'j Xnjj'jrsknaa Joa- 
pany to T«^;.li:;h tfj h&*'-'f aXr**a^iy M-?<*.rt5d, ■suij au"-i*-i s>i s* aitn^jas tjy 

th« a¥ld^*^Oj, s* b^ili^va It i& mors ^stmalist^rt with tha ocrt«r!tlon 

of the ddfandart. 



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-6- 

iniMr-sdj^ In h^^j^ opinion, # .3 a ?ot3!V-. oi" a;3Si.j-t -'^ or v-: yearg of age; 

opinion t;hai !"-h/^ Insyj'dd waa botso^'.i 5f^ <«id «?0 ^sar^ of ar*9t and 
l,h.> a«rtlfi3H*»o of tha n-^to^l .-^xar.lnar yhii*? aa.s attached to ths 
appHoiktio'^, ijs i« T'^tfc.l this Of3rt'.fi-5Ats, It haa no Itcportant 
beiarln^ upon thn t 3eu? »rjr^ t-'->lrj?; .li:5«U33ad, 

'^Mie ?a '*vscosr\33> '.'^at t'bj 'yjr^-^n of proof or. this con- 
tention 1.-3 yiyon Via 4®fer:larit;, j^l ^«- ire.^isv? fr^~- a T-salir,:? of 
t^i'-? ^-^oorl ir- this oa^.?, th-i*. %h'j Ci!T-m--inr.% olaarly s/stabllahsd 
it5- o^ntsntivH bj a prspond^rar.cs of th<i ?*v,lifn«39, ar;<! t'--.it th® 
t\a^ir,£ of t? -? a<Mart sst-s <il<?>s,Tlf anl ^a'.~3f33tly af:,a!r--t t?-s »«!|^ht 
of thft e-vld*s?5<33, Vh<*rafe""s,. rr:?';r *.h« r^'.l-? .Ia?c! .Icsr i*^ the «sa© 
cf ;^.?r*l^cn ^9. l t« .■:•%, L» Bj* _ ^^.^ j, '^^ ^11.* "^-i-* Vi^ oaa* rsust be 

Ir.assn^ab ^s thl« 5%u*s.'% ti^-^t ^s- tr!'*-J ?i,?;alr, so refralr: 
tro^ ©spr«5Slng an opinion c s.r/ Df t??? cth^r Issues prs;3tfrt«d 
It: tbis-' ^rlt csf isrror, 

FtWP tno reaeor^ss hersi-na-bcre s-sst s?'t--J, th^ jytigS^erst of the 
I*«*5tctp-.'J2 vovrt will Vs rer^r-a^'l tr-^ ihr: «s,us« resierle^. 



Ic 






1^ 



A^^. " 20176 



i:<efon4ant» jtn terror, ) 
Plaintiff in rirror. ) 



^ \ / 192I.A. 6 • ^ 

^ alp«iJ. Court of Chiaago bjr Kob»rt E. i5«v®r«aux and John i>. Rubly, 
dclr.jx btisinesa n.» D«v«r«»iix s Uiibly, har*Jlr.»ft«r raferrsd to as 
V) tt» plaintiff.?, agatnat K» 0« .7»hu, ber«lnaft*r rafsrresl to as 

the ■:i»fon4art, for oossslsslons all©/;9d to havo bt>«n enrrjM ir pro- 
ourlnG a purchssftr for o«rtalr; propisrty of th<5 I'sf'jrdant. 

?Xslntiff«, In th*»lr statataent of olai's, &llag« that the 
d«f«*r;iia?it, or; or .-ibout iiin« 1, ii'l3, ©mployerjl th®?;: to aoour© 
offs>.r« of purahaae for his ro;*! «j.-itat« Isroar. «a 4'^lii i'&gnolljft 
avenue in aM«>sk?o, illlnoia, andl &..:r««d verbsilly tc pay a i/g per-"*""^" 
cert, on «hntsv«r pwroJ'saaiw prlo« «*<= paicj hl?»! b^ ary puroh&a»r 
br&urht to hln by r«»43cn cf tho efforts of ths plaint Iff st fur- 
ther, t^^st pliilntlffa »e<5ur«d mtk Qi:t<ir from on© l«r, iiooenthal for 
tii« purcJ'j&se of .iefandant*^ property, cf i9,0<>0j that d9tcnd»r\t 
alertly aft»r said offer waa aubnlttad, ndftotlated & Siil© of Ui« 1^ 

t^ fliftid prtjperty for *S,f>00 to th« i^ald isr, Aoa8»rthal? that by vlr- 



«. 



> X. tu» of t>se atrsswent er!t«r«d Ir.to, the »ai« by def ©rslArt to the 
\ said »^r. :-<oi»»ntiu4l vtm tns r*«ult of thair efforts, and th»r«bf <i«- 

f«ndf-r.t \-i&a&i^9 bound to pay plaintiffs th« au-a of v;i;i' • 
^ io thi« 8tat«r*rt of «1h1«?, defsrdant fll«Jd an affidavit 

.J Of SB rlta #r(«sr«lr. h« vtoriea o&tesorlcally th« all€ij?atlora in 
> plaintiffs* i»t»t«"!-er.t cf clal«^. Jafondart, howav^r* ad^sltB th&t 
^-^ h« lid sell the property to jr. Roaa^thalf ^t alleges the.t triB 
^ , isai« *o,;i not nado throu/^h t?io «fforta of the plaintiffs but throia^ 
\^^» party or broe^.r oth-^r tha« plaintiff*. 



dVIOa 






ii AiiiiTi. 






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^- 



i*h:: owurt, upon trial ar tht eass without a jur>*, found 

the iaau^a ft.r tJ~?» plaintiff a, and on eu<iJ? finding <mt4»i*e«l ^udp:." 

to rsveree 
Kent for y:ik^'t frarsxtxuxasst^istRxxesf: whiob defard&nt h:i3 QU«<i cut 

thl3 «rit of error. 

^.?., JJ:i^:3'J2 PAH deiiverad tr«*s opinion of thts court. 

ir J-»bruar?, 1913, defsirlant, B. o, Jehu, llst«d for sal® 
slth f;ijg8>lin, J«r!»on .^ oom^mnf, a r«3.1 ^.itatis fir?s, M* property 
OR '■iagnolia 54V«Tru». >?y r©uso?5 of a *bllna* advertlaE3:39r-t Insert©;! 
In ti:-e ne»ajiitp4?r3 by Ui® a&ld I^ dfj^l in, Janniyr, % COT^p&'^y, th«y 
l®&rr.ed that or# i:)r, v?^;, :«, Koa^nthAl, a dentist < •i,::j in Ui« mar- 
ket for ao«ft prcp#rty. ?h«r«aft¥--r, @035« tl«a« In April, 0, m. 
»«r»oy, th*r5 In th« dmplof of the said Reg«lln, Jer;j»OK t iJorqwusy, 
e«klX94 upon Jr« F;o3®*ithal «n4 aubeitt^d te hlpr thsi propert;^ of 
V%® defaiidant. It develop© J tJiat th^ dcotor urns really noting only 
&s &g«nt for ^la« Jarrott, hia fl&r^o«tt. Kegotistlorss «»r6 ent«r«?l 
Into batw«i«r. :hj.rv«y o«j b«half of il^r.^ltn, J9naon h So'spary, arxl the 
dciotor, *it?2 ref«r#n«« to th« p«rohae® of iS«f andantes property. 
An cffor of z),^^c^ was saad© by Dr» Poa«r?thal to ?4r« "r^^rvef, aoooi^ 
p&nl&d by ti. cheaV for ^SRO giv«n fcla as a depo^islt. This sas «ub- 
«it£«i to the tidfftsviar^t, who r©fu»®d tc a3o«Gt •;9,^fy) \a\l&Aa it 
mus n«t to his. .it»rY«y, hi5#ev%r, Irisiat*^ on a ooirjr^lssion of at 
l«8i**t |22S# rii« r«f«isuU. of t?ii« affer wia reported to Jr. ftOa««- 
th»l. iiie ;ia«3tor recowed tho l»a»o on t^.e 'or«'^is<aa thsr. oociapled 
by htm a* d lookoci at other prots^rty. ?Me all toot? plaos during / 

April, srhil« ;iajry«y was Irs th« ercpioy of Sagolin, -Je^^of? % ^^ompiuny* 
i>r. l-sOi»«rjt*-'al aiao taatlfid.-i that 4Jc~-.« tlJ?s» In Jurs* or .July h« 
«rra«5^eKi «ith others to buy proptsrty In ar.otb^r locality, and p%i& 
a o^rtair. daposlt Iti &-3<5ordiina« srlth that atrrsingw'^'imt. In J\iyj«, 
1U2, :u&rv«y loft t>i« •'^loy cf >v©goiin, i«naon i. Cospa>^y itfid im- 
n}«dl&i«ly beoar^e &aanoi&t«d with th** plaintiffs, «nct:i®r real ^atato 
flPB, and ^larrey dtAto« that ha advised diofandant of tM*5 faot. 



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liftrv^y clalK-^. Uta-t while ^slth the pl&lKtirfe* tXri^ h« continuad 
«r^«aYorlr5.- to dis»o:3@ of ddf^yKiant ♦ a prop^rtr and In discussing 

the «!ifett'*r -^itth bin, t.n© R&wa of Dr. ^-os^r^th®.! as s^ pro^speotlv* 

Iry July, 1913, Kr» F, W. Arf0r4» with ahom dafssndant h«4d 
ftlsc t&fe«R up t>t® aalc! of hi* property, having l9ar>'(©*J .fpos? da- 
repliant thai Br, Fess^rthaJ w&3 irj th© iaarlf©t for propftrtf, eall«d 
on th« iocto? &?-d r-smsansd negotiations for th® s&ia of def^ndiy^t's 
property', and th^ a^f^s-ndant cl&iris that &s & result of thi«a© nego- 
tiations, ar. l:o»«*ct}^al purchaseti th« proparty for |9^000» Ar^tord 
»*s pa.ld & oof^-lsslor: of f50. 

rh® ooBtentioR of th® piftintiffa i-3, thi*t although ?Iarrey 
first wet Jr. J>c-.^ anthill sfhll^ eonn^cted sith E®ualln, J&nson 4 
Cor^pany, yet aft-ar hfe left than urd aar.d i^ith th« pl«s.intirfs, h« 
h*t<i retained *5r, £oa«r>tl\«.l aa a ouaic^^r of thn plaintiffs, nr.d 
tb»t the aaife to Or, IfosanUial wsa tlie r©«»jlt of hl« rorsewnd efforts 
»i:!i«# sit?s tho pialntlffe. 

Q'&t'snAimt laaint&lns, ho^svsir, th,?,t all that i^arv^y difl in 
oclllng Dr» i:os5«nthal ♦a attention to defendant *^ pfrop«rrtf w&w dusr«> 
wblls h« iss.3 eisploy*d by Eeg'SllJa* Jenaor^ ■•*« aoiR-pftr.y ; that at no 
ti?s« *hll« sith th<? plai-Rtlffs <lld aii? of hi a &ota rsouXt In k«op- 
In th<9 doctor int«r«33t©d In th« defartd&nt*^ property, or load to 
thw oonsuffssstior; of tha trsnaaotlon; th&t Ro^e^'ithal, prior to i-Iar- 
v«y»a golHf: wltb plaintiffs, had abaundoiRdci all Itster.tlon of ba;fl?jg 
th9 property, nrtd that nothlria: «h/4t®v«r n-'ia sior.«* by i^arvay, ■slth^r 
indiviftually or /ia si r«?>r©a«r»tatlv9 of tfe« pl»irstlff*ij, to indue© 
j>r« lioa^ntiiAl tc r«n»* tho n«rgotlatlor» vhloh l«<i to tha purohaaa 
of the property T that, on tha contrary, th* deal ^las clooedi thrcaagh 
Ui« *jf forta of omB Arfcr^J who had hi«i tb« property two yaaro boforo 
it »as liet«td with H«gelin, J»r,soni oi Oornpamy, «ind with #ho« d«f«iid<» 
«nt h&4 iigaln plao«<l the proptarty for 9a1& in July, 1015. 



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^-;:''^.;^^.; fi't,:; \ o-i^r y:J-r"'K:^icr -.^j: .v;^rt :-iii .35*«r Sr^O^^i «fftj' "^O ^/•«•''*'t»• •»•<■/ 



:h« real Isaus iti this oacs la, #h«th'5^^ or r.ot JTarvay, 
*hii« oonneoted ssltis th« plaintiffs, rsrsAerod ary -*?srvlce. i?hlch 
r«»ultdd In th« sal»& of th« pror'^^rty by tJia d«f©nda)rt to ,3r, KC'3«n« 
thai . 

}}ptin tMs q«9«tlon the temtirtonf of t)r, J^03«tnthHl b«eor^a 
iisport3r.t. ,i« *u3 aali<4 as a «it?3«i38, brsth toy t?ie plaintiffs smA 
the i^fsndarit, «nd ncvsh»rm, nelUi^r tn th«r trl^i baio* nor in the 
brlfefa arii ar,s;iK:d»it prsissntsd by slthtr sldfi* h^i-A hl-i .credibility 
b3<5r. ftttas^ed. 

.5hil© taatifylT^a; for tba plaintiffs, Dr, Koaerthal stated 
that Harney, after tha property had he&n s^mi by both Kias Jsrrott 
And falrasair, car.a to hiss and told Mb defiBr.<ia,?it*3 property jxight 
be b0ius;ht for '^XO,OOC>, and that hs ^aa-l?* hl>5 ar: off^r of S^,500, to 
UMlch .iarve/ r«?li9d, *If you ^ill *;air« fer off-sr of j^9,'^00, I will 
subslt it,* QTt orof*s-«xaitoiniitlan th-* dootor sail th^at Harvey stated, 
"'iou naskVa jst© an off«r of |9,00«5, ar^d if Jehu doesn't afSo»pt it, I 
will not boths^r yoa any laoro about it.* That h« wad© ^in off^r and 
g<kv» :iarv*y a check for !^z^ as »rid««3® of good faith. Two or 
thr«d (iji/Ts uft©r«sird3 H^t^&y returr.ad arid 0&ld, *;i«re*3 your sii^ele, 
doctor," and atat^^i tii&t it rf^iS no uas - J#hu wouldn't Acceot it: 
ftni t>mt ba farUi«er aald, "1 *on*t bothar a^y --^or^, at l^a^^t i »on*t 
bothar you sny morn about It, ra&y ba soma tins you ntay ^«t ae'sethirg 
ttlae?* ar;d that hs further atatisd h« didR*t thinlt t)5»r8 saa any 
tta© of >U« tryir.:?, to g^t It for ^fd^onn, i)r. Roa«nth4U. f^irther t«»- 
ilfi^ trmt froea tl-iat tlrae or, b« rever a^^^*"' Jiourd of iofendant** 
prop- rty until July Itli; that In April hs ranswed hla lease upon 
the prerr.ieed *hio}j h<i waa t*i*n oooupylRf., ar»'i in ./lore &rranf.ed with 
•eves^U. oth«rt3 to buy in anothor locality, »nd deposited ao'^e :aoney 
to bind the tranaaotlon, dm »lao stated that he had nev^r heard of 
the plaintiffs b^sfore the deal s.ia olos©d, or until the ti«n« of the 
trial. He »l30 stated thnt, foilojting th*? retvim of hla cheok for 

'|2fiO by iiarv^y, he abardoned the ld«-a of purclmair:!?: defendant's 
property. 






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Harvey, in hia t«^tl?5cny, did r,ot eor^trmdiat iir. aoeef?- 
thal «5,s to ^Jjat o-35^urr«-l when th« off«r ©f *-9jO00 «&s reads, nsr at 
tne ti^»« ash^r, hla a2j«toV. for S--i;?.-0 «&a returned, 4^0 ;«tate«l that ho 
aubaitt«<5 flUi^r property to Dr. kossnthiil, smd furth«sr, that »fts*r 
h^ had toscess aorsn^ot^il «ith plalrstlffi 1^4* a^^aln "■llaouaae^-l with 
*nl..u th« puroha*fe of def«nJant*a property. "hia l&ttsr atate^i^nt 
sas positively dsnl>&4 by ;ir, iroa«nthal« Thia only oth=9r tejttf?K>rjy 
th&tt he ^*tive harlr^il &ny bearing on th« la^tue *h«th©r or Kot s»Ml» 
silth pittlntiff '3 firs hn did anything to brlrj? about the 3&1« of 
tiia property %o Ht, Hos^rithal, »%i^ th^t aftar hs had l*ft ".eg/jllR, 
J«nec-R .-. ao.^iparjjf, h« reported to d^f&ridant that faest, and t^at d«- 
f'jjndjii^t ^sSrsd hls'? about ;^r« itOiS^nthal? tK'it ho toldi Jiln the dootor 
b5i,3 purchased an atuto?>obll«, ?i&dl raet ar^th sir? aecidftr.t and aa« hav- 
ing cori^ld&rabi*' trouble b^jcaaa© of it, but thnt h» (Harvay) jrcftild 
see hly Ir. & re» days? that h« tiien ssa^t bac" to a«® Dr. Hoa^nthal. 
A3 pr^vtoualy <?tat»d, Dr, Hoa»KthaI damiad tbst Harvey ^v&r ta.lV«d 
ac>oat dsfdRiiniJt'a pr&party to fti^n after that '/&f. 

:he t«stl?»or!y of Robert S. ;.i«v«r©aux of th« plal»^tiff firs? 
h»» nc- bearing upon V^-l^^ iiAHu©, ^atJ-s th# lnf«r»no«s» tl^at r^ay b* drawn 
fro*? th?5 feet that pl&iritlffs -lia isn^snvor to 3»11 (l«f^r^i&rit*a prop- 
erty to other p«opl«, jsjaorg sihort »?'»s .^ '-'r. ?.ur?ti« 

DefrnvlsTXt wh(9n <54ill9<l by pl&ltitlffs unier amotion ,"!•'. of 
lbs iunicipad Oourt Act, t#«tiri pd tb»t he 41 d net Hat th» prop- 
erty «ivh t)>^t plaintiff a; lAv^t b<s aid know Harvey »«» wltb plain- 
tiffs ar* that h© (.-:arv«y) b&d ta&«R 'r. r.ontz tip to «s© hi 5 prop- 
erty? f,;or*>ov*ir, thjit Harvey, after leaving ».«galiT>, Jenson ^ aon- 
pany, arj4 »hila <M:rrja«iot^i<l with pl&intlffe, never eubnlttaa ror dl«- 
ouesed irlth MIr ary offer of -jr. Hcsdnthal for tJio property; that 
h« uj^air liat«d t^« property for aai« «ltb ;^r. ?. *• Arfordt th»t 

r, .^rford aubssittdd iio#«nt?i»l *;s proposil tier, of ';<?,'^'>f5? that h« 
a^reod to tiOC«r>t it providing h« (ArforcJ) aoul 1 accept cxkx §50 »« 

hliS OOr::ti?#S5lOr!. 



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,;toi««l-^'TC»» •111 



gftv« ».3gte th« aa '« toatlrsorsy, »j*v# tnat he ^^irt Irto rsattwra In 
greater ^«t«il» It Is f* fair Inf^ranea, ho<sB^z^r, tro^- &li hl« 
tefltlraont, th^t Arfor-d ?i»ard of Dr. Moaenttial tbrmssh th« dsf^n^Jisnt. 

ATfori, in hia tsiafel^wny ©n b*half of th« Isf^wdant, 1?^ 
tb« sisin, eorreboratesi bath tb«f %lafsna«knt a?^ Dr» Hosenthal, 'A& 
to hoa thi© trana§.otion nB.& finally o1ob®4. 

On thta t®:>ti?«m|r, w§ beltt»v« tfcs oo«rt errei in flndir^g 
th« taaues fcr tfo« plaintiff. Lr* iiesenthal olaarlf t«3tlfl3d 
that fLfter th-5 .>,or!V«r3!itlofi Ir* ^.pril »ith :Jj&rT«y, h« ( ^^i.rv'ay) na«r«r 
teov up iiith hi 75 tl5« clfti'ssntl.imt*^ property, and that It lira:-* throiigTh 
Arford t^iSit h** fisiriulr r»3u?sed nai?:otlatSef38 ^tJlainatS r.g in the pur- 
cha39 ©r iftf^nitant's property; 3Qr#ov«r, that h© h-a-.j abandoiiedl 
ttJ«» Idea of tRjylnv, th« property. Ihll« it is trw^ h« lid atat« 
that h» «a3 ali^^iyg rs-ady and 4llllrv^ to t>xif at 49, OO-"^, that 9tats- 
99nt mist b*s ta'-r®?^ lr» oo'^rnsitlon with sth^r ol reus: stands a in «v1d- 
•roe, r.a-roiyi the fact that h'Jf agair? i«i«ia«4 th« pp«f^l8«>« oooupiQd 
by hlsa, fjir-d that tm arrangM to inxrobas© other prop^rt^^ fhas© 
olreu'^ataTjads t«nd to 3ho>s that th® doctor hal not?i«*ily abandoned 
at this tlsj#, tha purchas*) of d©ff»n4ar.t 's property, ni'-^di hs poeltiv»- 
ly 9t»t*^i th^it ih®r9 wsts no act of : arvsy's that broii,f?tt about tfm 
r«eor.ei deration of the purphaaa of defendgtnt'a prop#rtf. 

Ther« 1 5 nothing Ir tb« t«.'tl'«ony of D«v«r«siuc, Jehu, 
or Arford, that in a'-y ^ay •s&lntairja the coys teant Ion of pl&intlffs 
Ir. thia oti3©» Its ^jr^ly support lies Ir. aarv«y*a «tat»"*nt, that 
h« told defarsdant h« ?j;id ohaRg«d his i^ealtlon »nd t&l^«*i tc him 
about Ui© 3al<9 of his prO!»erty, ar,! that thers&ftar h9 was atlll 
ardoavorln/?: to a-3ll th* prt-p«rty, ajid that h» had 1?«r>t after Jr. 
rossnthal in aonrsdotlon tharewitb. 

Plaintiffs In tfsl» oaas oarr.ot recover uni^^« what ilarY«y 
did whll?* in thalr employ, -^i-^ht h^ oor.isldered the proourlrtg eauaa 



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^v■ ; ■ ■ 'fttr " ;> ■^, ^* =,.■ -,:■ ; .: ,^- rw'-v- v-* ^-^l Si^ri , z •■int-TA TtO 



-7« 

or th'^ calo, rho reoorcl is barren of B.r.f svlil^rsoa thukt ov«r 
tsnda tc aioft t.n.u faijt. rh^r® la notnln^i In th© ©?ittr«» teatlwony 
of Harvay, tio !j:att«r ho* favorAlviy it oan bia put toy th« pl&lrstiffa, 
«hloh warrar'tirS thld oourt In arriving at tho ooReluaior* that <any- 
thing h« (.iarv*y) did *hll© in tho employ of ti «a> plaintiffs*, nl^it 
be Qoniiid&r&d th» procuring oaua« leaiilru' to th® puro' aae of d«- 
f©naAfJt*» propfjrty. If 'tfajf. df f art ii of iiervty oan bd flaldi to hsiv® 
<5or tribute;* to t'-'t* ocnmiBGaiitlon of tii& i»al';> frora doffandar-'t to vT. 
Rotsanthal, th« s^idano'e ol«arly ahoa*-' thnt auoh sfforta wor® laada 
whim a«irv©y 'iskij in trs© ©raploy of Regelin, Jorss-cn -ie Jonpany; and 
th&t fir^K aioB© oan olalis t?^e Oi3n«»flt of &rjy ss©rv.l<j« r«md®rod tjy 
Harvoy. H® oouid not tra^^ofejr to the plRlntlffa t)i« valuo of any 
ourvloaa h?* ha4 r0nii0r©<l Beg^lin, J^naon ■?« gaepary 'shil© In their 
e?3ploy» 

■3f« b©li©v«( th© evivieno® olejarly aho^a that tho sale wan 
effftotftd t^ircu.h the tf fort ss of Arfoni^ &rvl that Harvey, whlla In 
the dxspioy of th:-,- plaintiffs, did not porforra any aot or render 
sm-^ a«rvi«3« «hiah lad to th(S oonauiriia&tlon of ths salw. *!« there- 
fore fini a.j a faot in thi*« o»s«, that plaintiffs did not render 
fSkT^ iiorvlo* to t,jri« dofstrsdant in l5rinf;ln^ about th& aalo of the 
property tc wr« iie»»©nthal. 

Koi thct r««taon» h«r«lnaljovis asials^ad, tb« jud|j:i8fl(nt of the 
iSuRiclpal wourt will b© rov«ro«xi wltli a finding of facta 

i-lndlnj^ of fttota to ba inoorporated in th<s Judgrwjntt 
8e find tta a ft*ot in thlii o&a&t that plnintlfte did not r*3Rder 
any »«rvlcje to th© defon^lant in fcrln^lug about tho aais of de- 
fendant's prop^srty to Dr» ii08«nth*l. 



It 









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■rx';": .':y:- '.'it: iat'>.!':5'ii.bi:^ .^,^v!i^■ ^^■'■^;' •i..{j at Sti**t *i .^^ 'Mlt *«*' 






256 - 20.186 






App«li€Miy > Al*P«-'^-^ '^oie 



) 






J?' 



192 



Coonty isourt of s':oo?-. «sour.ty by L^dia ''oody* J2«r^ljmftH=r r®f».rr«d 

tc &« the 3«fe?tl«nt, for labor mnd ^^rvis^ts rm^A^rm dafsrsiar.t hj 
■piskirxitf ar,ii fop TS^^isijrs SM.ld b^ pl^fcifitiff fer ift^a y^ja of a^fand- 
Ar.t» - S.11 at tn© ^p«olal inatarisa .*r,4 r«'|ysst cf th'^ d6f«nlart» 
Upon trial of t*M; e^&a*?* th® jury rotum#4 a v«rdl.'?t for 1^-^11, upon 
•islob v«r!lst th^ court ®r;ter»d jusl^sent j to revarao «hla?i thla 
appi^ai JiSi^-i b&©r progs0mitis>d, 

"i:"-, J^iiT'ixm ?Ats <i«llv*r»d th« eplaficn of t.h« oourt. 

;;aef«Mast 4*eKt«K»Aa ifs&t tn* forw of motion sfiaa not proper 
In vi3!«f of V'-^ «¥i<i«9SO« gii?eR on liehalf of tt?© ^laintltt^j ar;4 
asfecre-c?^r, t;t.'»t t^?^5 ssontp&^t 3;5?atmt«v'd aor.a iti on i* wtiitJh tii-s ?3vi.it*nce 
4ld r.ot *h<ss i$-er« :3!<?i^il'.*>4 «it;'^, ilt® rttirfs3r'.m??'3<s of «^.l«3l4 »are 
r.eaesaary ^«if-.>r* a rs-30v«ry aoujl4 b;j hiSwS? fei^t in th« sjain^ the 
QOnt«r^tlo!^ of fi«f«<«<tar:t la that tn« vsriict ig ciftfisrl:* *::'54 s**.Tilfefit- 
iy a.t'/ilnat Vm »«l^ht oi* tfts s^liisrso*. 

i-ltstntiff fll«d Vhtji fcilioal'ng bill o*' parti ^uiar>st 

"ihl^ aatl&ts l3 broti/^rH to j^&aovor, vla,t 

TJjreff (2) -*%ts" 5* *,»rflos?3 *t ;= ifte-sr; jcll.'i-r» 
^tl") P^^ 3*«6t>t jwrfor-a^-i »?• ^''l4ii-^t.l:*f for 
imf^s'-vhrnt in nur»l?%r» ej*r1r>;-, hviuseke^pl'ig, 

Jim© I 

i.uixuat) 
IaI^^w*^ (11) w^Stirt aervtcss at ylftesn -iollsrsj 
(■^l'') per Hifr/it p«rfor-?:^ by :^laiRttff for 
JgkJ'ersdart In niaradnj^, sarirj;?,, bouaek»©t»ing- 



dsxo;::^ - cas 



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w^ 






■;.:'^ ^5 5 ■■ 5<%, ' a 



*w;tJ6t ) 

tlilrt»«R (1%) H^afcs^ a«rvi««s at. i^lftden x:HC!ll&rs 

it^l--) ^&P ie«s-k, p^rfoi^-af-'d b^ PlalKtif? tor .>«- 

X3**rlan and ooak, fii^o l3i ts^osiO^pArylr.r^ ^..>ef!&n;iant 

to ':^-r, ;^r&1n0rV3 offioe, l§sfuf>5 

j*"aur (4) *«4lt»' aspviesa at Iftaer* 'Doliars 
(ll^^) ^ar «»S2# tsgrfor^-j^-Ji bf Plsirtiff for 

QQlOfad-^ tc 3^guri5 sltnsa^isa for dsf^ndant, -^^^.rJO 

itV) V^T »9s'i, p«rror*^^«d hf PlAin^ift for 

Jarofo ) 
A^rtl ) I ii. 

ISO? ) 



IS 10 ) 



1911 ) 

To oash paid out by plairsilff at i)9tmr^i9r:t*& 

i>ro?3 th® bill oT p&rtifmi&ra. It -5111 ha «*»«?> that, cait- 
sld^ of t!«€ l&at lt«is?T-y Uiisy mix i^^^Xul^ ^tvp^vg-m for 3«rvl«0« pejp- 

anc seoK,* *!vl for all th« a^j^rvlo«e t.*iero araa tha unifora afcarg® 
of -i-^^ ]ji«isr »oeJr* 

Plfelntlff ssAlntalce th'it tHesQ »$rviQft« iter© ^partorrm^ 
by reason of si oorttrast «nt«r»<i Into sith d^fandant lia D«o8!?:ber, 
ISO-?, at th« tlma of tha <l9ath of d«fi>n:iar}t*3 father, Pl&lntlff 
oa?i« to Qhisik;;-;© upon r«o©lvlRg news of bi.^ 4«at-h ttn<l &©sompa?*iie€l 
4«f«n<lar.t to j^itrralRgtos^* llllRole to attend the> funer^il. as to 









►>^ 









i 






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>-f~;«C- ' s ■ ., :-:-'V ■.";•(> -^z:;? iU'^ T.V' .:■*:, "ti/O^I^^ £;T« 

"i'j'-^-- r ?•• .-^a >'»:^-^. ' >^^' no 'Maui, -i^r-.i ^o tirf4 *:« 4e ,V\ ^ 



*'h»j.t too-- plaa# »M1« &t ?arm.in^toy>, plaintiff t6«tifi«4 as fellow©? 

";?« l«ft on •Monday, Ui-« ft>lla«lng fondl&y wcrrrin.??;* 

for ysTTlngtoti, to attend tht* ftm©r&l of h^r fath'-sr, :'»nd 
it s«i-.. ihtsr© th-i'^t s-h*s ^is's^ its to fA'^^'^ ^^sr "^7 tl-t* ii^d it 
*«j^s thsra thAt *-e a^ircad upon ^t;*t jsJ^ alKttili pay k®. 

*l a.^idi to :irs, n&rton sit tr«t •'^irm^ afi« ^-nas ! »;i« 
iWsrJtin.T ftJi- «i ltv5.ng And thet X oo«ldfi*t sfpej^i fjy t!'^*? h*r« 
or t;"^r«> or ;4ry pliios- 

" ■..%©« sh* said »h& -sjoulti fay i^s Hf- & m^&k tor ail 
th^'' tli5s 1 would ^pm'ui seiih fe«i*, as i ?^&.i 0s»e»ft thAt i wsj* 
pai4 |i: a *«.&x, 

*i toll har X 'Vi-j !»«.-lfing |lf' a «^t«^ an;i ^o^'.etlmsa 
fiii^ a M9'^t '1%. -Rf v£orar« AS'ni th-^t »&s tJ"i« arreenitsr^t thsr® 
Ih&t I «^»3 to — that l3 what sh* a^^id to r:e>, f^n© aalti s*3« 
aouX:5 psy r^Q |15 -^ *««.Js -'*& loii', 3.» x stouldt sU%y wltli h<»r 
ansi mork fcr h#r, any kind of «ori€ «fciob sight «J0?©« u|>.* 

rl&iatlff o?^t«rmi» that thli5 soKv©r:iatic?5 ©cn^tltutsht U5« 
o&ntr&ot tan-ior «>"^ioh »?>« iirsj ©e«51ns "^^ re&o^^r for ttx© s#rvioaa 
p^rf-t^r-^^d an<l for c»rt«.ln saah aulv*sno©4 b^- her durlr?^ h«p ««i|5lo;f- 
s*ent b^ ddfsrsviasit^ ?lfti?'titf t^stlfl-sti th*t nc ©»« wft-x* pr&asnt at 
thfe ti!S9 this) scttir«j*8ation aas had^ aaira ^^ srs4 d«f^fidftf?t» 

D«f«r55j^^t ^aaitlveiy aani^ tiiai m^nh oonv«ra<^tlsn ST«r 
took vi«^^©» -^^ sdtealta ^en-'UiSj^ for plaintiff but atmt^s it ima 
only ^i^ e. fflm\A to b^ slth h«r Ik tim© of* b©r«&v«»9i^t» m« th-s 
lefeiviAnt is^s & -r^^ry d»sr frifer^, not <mlf cf h^re, ^% also of 
bar fath»r*» Ir My iifati'se. 

.'i«.li^tirf testified tii*t fet tiii^ tl3n« shs w*.ts ..slth d»f»n.i- 
ent feh3r»9 »o«?s3, attarsdln^ to h#r «a«ita, .<lvtJi*s; her «9a3».^..'e tpsst- 
::'.«&td, *;^i.iilKg, ironing *nd <ioi«g ftTiytHlni? ah» w^a its'^M to da. 
Daf^^r^^-t dsai^s that plaintiff «*a att»»ilns?, her :i» <* nur»e, cojs- 
p«-ilo« or (ld?n«st.l«, fer nr^ilsh s^y oQ»3|3^nsation *aa to ba ps.ld on 
the biaais of ^1^^ par *«»ir» jml furth«rtiore, th<it ah© »a!5 »lt35 l4«r 
only OKU «©e'^ inst«a! of thr»0. rh&r^ <?%« no other tftstl'sony 9u?>- 
portir.'- t*'i» v«a"lcMs cor;t«ntloin«s cf t*»«f parties »a ts? thl« pstrt of 
plaintiff •?> elalsu 

A& to U^i« »»©ani it«K In tha fell! of paril-5Ulara» plaintiff 
td;5t:flv.d thtt iri JursB, l'--* @bA r«eelv»ci a tal^grass to oosca to 
th« ho>r=0 of tv.$ i^fandant wlJO w»a aiie?r «lt?j diphtheria: that wh«n 
ah© r^rrlved tr^«r« si^* f«u»d not onlr tlj« 40fsmant, but alao d«f^^- 



i JuiU 






■ ..-. , 1 ait' - t . 'J .. 

X :? ■,J„.^^ - ■■ ^- ^ -^i.; V,-; J;.i.:.. :;.'••. . jc — .•:. 

•-"^>. . / . ■ , . •.:'-;^ ;.. -= ? ; ^ :' ,: ,-• -. ^ 



ent'jB hu^?£n=^i# lilt tfcat th»r® ssRis & nur&i» - a ■./*»i5 .'iOsa - In 

att-^«nd®ri09, s'^kj, i^o-i-ever, Ktsi./<s>'i orly te; d^yt^f an--- that. ssi-i« 
(pls.intifi') coTJilnu^d att^jrwSlng. tc the- aanta of trre- <:t*f#n;i&nt» 
Ijoth a® rMr®i^ ar4 in t?i« oar« of th^ iKWisfthol^T tliiit after d#- 

tl'?«ir ^iuto-sw^btls' to th«ir nms^m^r h&m ift ;mb««a La*^-©? that «sh® 
r«fPi&iri*«i tt^-era isntll Atagijai, and that whiles -disfsjii&nt waa there 

c-ii <jro5&iS-exa'«!ln&tlcm, plai«ti:ff s-i^itted th«it &n^ fr«T>3«^^t- 
If gf«rrt fta^sini; er/i liaaMng with d(8?«n4srit ,an4 ^^r. 'iortori; t*:at 
eho anJ. Oiefi&rAi^it *or'?,*-l iouet^t^-if i^* th© hou'^'<s, T4elt»4 n^l^hbora 
ttRd that &h^ UaX-y&iS. r^asiv^ ns.tfih'feors «l:w?i %H%-/ vl^X%,<^d th« hou3«Jt 
that Kiib.« toog T>&rt In everythirs.^ %-^ though sJ-ts sar« on© of tha 
fa^?ii^. -iHintiff ft2rth«r teetifie^ that ah® r9"^vlii©di at ^Mbeea 
Lfii^a until s©s>« tlisd in Aa^ast and tJsa*i rstameel to :mlncf via 
Chi^sa-^o? asri'i tn&t about Uir«<^ days 3,i*i«ns&r48 ^»f«ndl«nt «a?^ to 
h®r ho^» in :;\iirc|r, ifearr« plalrtlff tesV ©aro of h«sr, l5o?M*«ied Isojr 
&nA sr&l tB4l ar< h#F, i'or about mix w®»H;s, 

rlv9«dt 'it tbo as30ii*Ri du« for t:**® tl«® ©pent )«ith .i«f«ni-3nt Sn 1;:-D9^ 
plfelrtlff gtat^J that ev«rr tiia© 9^m l»ft defi^n-iant t-''«»y 'sculd 
fi;';wre up ths ta!»i» isp«nt waI it »»»* a^Tesdi she wfta to r^cslve jl?"^ 
p»r »©«v., ;nirtte»r2fK>i*9» »h^«R &«ls<Sii t?i© reason irhy aho didn't at»y 
in ^liio*i5,» t© Kara«» d*f»rKiant inat«^d of i^^Hng: dofeniant oojr© down 
to ;ulnc^» plairitiff r»pll«di« "JdC^uia® tlaara w&aic't #r>ou;^-i t« «at 
ir. tjic^ liou*^ for tJva bunoh, and I sent ho?!»,* 

Dofan-aar.t l^allfla-i th^it «h« «M&nt far platntirf to coc;e to 
Chii>a?^o at the tisiJ^ !*h« wa^ ill* and tX\&% a^out ten 4a.T3 i5.tsr th«y 
«erit to b^r *u?®ser h<rt« at 6»«kb«3» X*aV^ by ^tukmiobllo* ansi that Kha 
(d«f©nissr.t) *ircvfe the car part of th& trip? that a^-i tco'* t*iln?o 
rath':sr e&ay thtit eijs^er; that ^vns and piairitiff both att'^nd'Xl to 



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■ - ^ ■ I .:■-..■...;•■..- • : h:-' -.}■!>: -Jn 

-:^?..,.-. .;•.■■ . -. . -- , . •■■•• " • ■ -'•-■: -.<-:--t' ,.-.•-'.,...;'■..':• i^Vff»l>a 

i»^v 7S: '^uJ., <\* iv-^r-:.^:; '•. -■>_•«,♦ ■ . 7, ::\. ' ■■ /--i. *«v'V-i iMiM :--«?: 

/.^^ ■ -'-' . J^^. ''.■'■■:>.. *>■*; :■ ::■ ^■'.- ■ r Yt-ivj J.,... -.-.Ir^* : :..::imiJ»l^ 



tna houa«l:©»|»i • ;/5 ? that thera wiiis no mirslng dona ^f ^lali^tlff 

fcr h'jr: thiit a. yoten.-r, ;^iri arcui4 ao-^-^ in ev«:?ry »#«'k ic ;1d t^.e 

d*usht'»r >^''i oUj<sr frl«Rd3 of ths flatetlff wciU't sotrs tc 'plslt 
hnr as guesits -&f tha hiou!3«bei4t th&t plaintiTf at all %%rm& »aia 
conjsiier^l on« of t>.^ far.lXyj tliat «*i<irs sJio si&s ^bCMt to r&tum 
to ciulnay, tlii* plu.lntirf Invltsd iJi«i d«fsK4ar^t to b« hor ,^d8t at 
.uinijy: t,'iftt ?io*&rfii^'SXjf» ^^^ *"«* d&fis aft-sr d^fd-ndftnt Iwiturr^sd to 
Jhlct&go, M>.*i iscsnt tf5 4uln=^7t that *if]5il« lh*r'5 ahe ar5»i« rot being 
nur*8d CT t&"*j| aara of «ss a ov<T5iraiss«©nt? t»;at » ;© fc"»a s^^rsly a 
gusat in tAi^ hou««, o^i'-r-upflmi. anaoh tJ^ aa-'s pCf:jltlo« that pX&lntlff 
114 «hll«? rla'tins dL^fartdaRt &t lab#ea i*a.^«* .^J!i« «J«ii*d thst she 
ar.d tn© pi&inti'f h»d »T<*r had art assountlB,'; as to th^ tl's^ |>islTi- 
tlrf •£pj>?it ■iitn b-«r fttr which shts 6.gyae4 to p>%f on tb.«» baal« of 

■fh«f dl&ii^itsr antt «-^n-in-iaiS of piaintlff tesMTlM to a 
ooridi!:^ ot't^yftra^tlt^n .^ll0*r@4 to Imv* baor h«airA fey thaja, t>et*'s©r. 
piifclntlff ard <l«fsriiiaRt, »hil» at ^ijjey in lfKh;% '::hf» iXa^^ht&v 
taatlfleti Uiat a^'«^ haarcl pl^lntitf may that »!?«> wj^a tljdr? »arrlng 
ii?^ ?«r W0*;>k» aj^-i U-i-4t defjsraant tli^R »ai<i, *,;«il, if that 1» s^^at 
you &.re getting h»r«, i a-s eur-a yo« ar*4 wcrth that tu «<^$ sr.d I R««d 
you ar.<i i «*nt jf^jxi to go How* with taet** 

r;;« 30-'-ln«laiw, in ref^rrln ■ to ^hQ s^r-.n cornr«r»&ticn, t««- 
tirl»d Vint h© Ji^ariJ plAlntlff aa/, *i «tll 25a v« to .T«t out arvl g9t 
•o?B»Viln;; tc do» i n0^i money,* ii;*.«r»u|»cr defwr'^iint l5 «nl4 to 
h&7i£ r»pil«?<i, ";i?9ll, w*mt ^agss ar« ycoj n«ttlng?* ar-<.l pl&lntlff 

"x^tU, If th^t- 1^ aii ywu ar« KOt--^*»S» f^« ^^f* "scth tsor^ th^vr? that 

\-lrm% au^>:i ocnv©r**a.ti&7i, or a^ y of al»«llar oi^ftswst^ri, ^ver 
took plu«^, ^ri;4 ri&tiy <i«aii&d »y t^i« 4df«?j4«mt, 



■' • ' - L ■•; ^r •■•■'-.;■; ? ■-.c --jt;, ■<*>-*.J ••:?-,■?': ■ .r :*•. ^^ f-"-: ,i ;. •• ^^ '■* '- •*»*wa 
' f^; n. ?i-t '-'-.■•.-■.• */'vm ft"**. i»t; g'.sTl-. j*^?. r»jia UvJt •'■^> •* J*,*^.* 'ii ,.i.i«'«* 



thai of h«r daughter and jsorx«ln-l,*«f i>f-, to a.-:>-' th* l^iaai, InQtiV^.^ 
3l-'9t«nt» in thft fira^ pXaae, plaintiff cial^s^'^ that t<r; iv-^ 8h« 

t^r-rjlns'^ tH« ataoiait pialntirf a?&s to r^aoalir^ im4®ir the >3or.ira<3t 
»hl«h i*h« all«g*a «&3 j»iter«4 Into In D«i>«psb@r# l?"^*?",. uaon whleh 
ths oi&lrs In tl'.« sst-s® «t b-mr Itf biased, '^'h^ t«3tlsK5ny of h-tj.r 4aui?h- 

aeooatC'%®di tc reo^iv® for h«» ser^lo©«. 

mr&<i^-^r, It will bs r^m^sb^T'id that plalrtiff stat®d <m 
oross»#.a^--^.n&ttoii ihi&t ih*? r^aa^T* whv .3h« be.^: tS^farr-lart «©fa© to 

Uii'-i not ^nourp. t0^ in th$ Sioti^© to f«aMS thS5 Inmohj* ifcat 4»f<srid- 
&nt'*f hu^baFJd «*« oat of -^^or'Mj m'^t a^faruaa^tt'a «ti»t&iBs.ry ailni*^nc« 
of ii0^'' per rtontfe Imd tes??r5 ss^topp^ ?>©»4ifs.^ 3«ttls-^a«t of hsr tm%tii?r*f 

That def^-n*l«rit, uarl^P suah ejirotnostans^**, alioiild r«.^U33t 
pl&lwtiff to s^rl?: fer fea-r a^nd «,gf^e to i^&y her Jj./'^ mr i#««fe, ia 
hftMlf s^^n'-^lat^^^.t wXtb. r©aa<m and tn*tht aRcS «« ar« i^rtSflM i?? 
triii-. ^l*« by the ftiofc that th^ pla^lntlff ♦il^t Jiot li«rs9lf testify 
thjst »i*uii 04n-»er3^tlcn too^< place «it ^aln«y In r?ot/« arsi if sbo 
hatd, ii0r t&;:»tl*3orij uould he^?^ b«3«rs iit vsri&nce with iSmt s>'*^ pj;^- 
irlou*i^ ^t&t^, vl3S»» that th« ocarstract i«5'-l«r w>5loh aha 0#«5ta p«- 

felth r«f»3r?sti«3« to Us^ Uiird it^is Ir th«» feilX of j»artlcul.':vra> 
>.0¥«sa:'<,^r, ^:^o;>>, fcsor »e©ka' sapvi-3«a * plaintiff's ©r^tlr© t#atli!sony 
OB t?!l3 listn •*&«, "t1b«n in ovmmi>.9T, i&^%', 1 w-*i» call«.l h&Q^ h*ro 
as&-K jmvt I wa-z isith 5^r3« ?:«>i»icTj for tiara© w»«ksi, or four J8«©ks, l 
«t-ouid «sy.* 

Why «;■!»* Q^':^, -eh'it sjTiO 114, 5?&v» the stftt^nent in tho bill 
of p&rtlmilsr'a, i^s noL brota,^ht out ir. th« svldwtws* Tliat uh9 amy 



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h;*v9 oor.^* to vltslt tha clofortdar.t aa ^ gy«9t la ju^st aa ccn.-jl stent 

tflth th'? ©vitS&noft ns that ah^ tUri s^ork for her, rhat an^ i.-orV 

«{4si pisrffipm^ "07 h«r as {& nuro^ at any tl«#», or tli«.t sih® Wita dm- 

plo,TSd at iiny ti';^«, vg&e rajjeatwdli" da(r.la^il 'bjr d»f*mclar5t. 

ri^s fourth ltn<?!? daal-'i afith soryica« r»r:ior€fsl during it.ini9, 

J\3il/ ord A'iKU!?.t, 1910 - thirteen sa^Vs ir all. ln«iiKl«d Ir t^^is 

eh5t.r.;-e is *siO.'ycnjp^nyL*is ii«fen4arTt to f. "I'riaklnor*^ ofi*ia®." .-.m 

dirt^ot sxsrslnatiwri plaintiff t<*?;t:ifl©d as follows: 

"Ir; i:>10 i sra-i o*ill©d h«r{5 agaln^ In i«r-$, m^i S. 
w&- *lth ;ir«« TortSsn -Jurinf the s^jnths of .-zir:.^, -hily ard 
Au^st, ;ihs «aan*t aail zmd i did all of ht>r *ork a* It 
oa;ri« alc-Tirr* ^:J45« &5s.k&d ra^'- tc stuy afiU'i h©r, an I %-i9 ^«»^t to 
her aur-rser oott«bg« &t tab«3a Lake and i ^tld th® »ork thar<j, 
litit waa in it 10,* 

(>n «3ro33--^xar:(lRatlOfi sh© stat^id t?is.t def^r^daiRt tens, rot 
Ir Ohiaaso vh&T* ssh-j r©aeh$4 there* t ti*^t av-ia w*!'it te 'J^tboea La^'^t 
and ifhil* th'sre, during Jts***?, Julj an<a Au«u«t, did avor^tMrs.^ sircisnd 
tr.isf houae atnd too>: otwro ©f def®nas.nt* Plaintiff at^^ted th?it hor 
pQ&itlvn ir. ffc© r«k"fliy w&,a th^^t of a sl$ss«i5tl«5, flewftver, «twrlng l^-l"^, 
ae '.luring Iv^t ish* **r^t iirivlrK, boating, fl-shirg, vlsltiiv; alth 
defendant J d.lr;*d at th® is&r-.i? table, e^nti^rtalrs-^A trimniX& of ih^9 <l«- 
f«fidsir;t, mvX Wits ^nt^rtain-ad by frtsiida of th« didfsrdant. ^ih* a4- 
scittvd Umt *l«f&T>d«3?it an^i othar frlc^r)^*, «h®n vitsltlm,*^, aaalfltad lis 
thf/ »'or't a.roi;t>l th's hou&«» iih© et&t&d ta&t lyt thin y«-ir, ae In l-^OC?, 
dttf^mlant Tlfi-urml up ti^ aaourt 4u« on m baa I a of ).15 per v««)t, arid 
as *n r?oo, no on« »*»* pr9a<mt nhan th© &a«i5ur!tir»g waa hadl^ a^v© 
aha &Ri (Idr^n-lant* 

iisat piaintirf lyaii o*12i-1 therft ?■*« a n!:ir®« or dos?®fltlo, wa« 
abso lately 4e«l'-.d7 a.rir| furtJii«ir«JOrfv, thnt there ?5'!*4 e^#r feK>«r ftn 
aooo^mtlng, 'fhct pl-ilntlff s«fcttt> tc5 '«ab«sa L*J^'« was adaStt«<1, but 
ileferidBrit Irsli^te^l th3.t 3h«! only visited Ata a puest, as In t\-^ pro- 
vlcus y®5.r* 

sltraaas^ for th« d©f*i^<iaRt who rl^slteMl b<*r at Lak« Mbvwi 
Ir i^oa »rd ItriO, t««tlfl«>4 tii&% plaintiff apposr*! to tJii*ss to 00- 
oupy the position of su«.Jt ar.Jt fr*eRil of th« hous«hol'i? that dofor.d- 



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:■/!■.■♦ - .. ."v^-:c*»; .••^;i' ■ . .' f .■- i •-■it ft ^O^'lf^- 

• ■ • • ■■' ; '■ ■ •■■; '!-'■: r.ri:-'^:.:"' .ir^« ;'-'•■ -. ..x 
■-- ; -,., .• -. ■iJ rt v../.. . .: ■ :■. ■ .-;:_ .-.v^>',. ^---^f) 

vt-:- . ■.. - ■■■■•■ J -:-:r'.- ■:. ; • - 'r :: '■:■ •/-;,.,;■■- x-:--ss *■ 

* ' • -, . ' . I •...*.■. : ,.-. - - . - ■ - .' I.--- V 

r'^w-;-^,. >■ ■ ■• ^ . ■ ;- ..••.•Kv.'-. ::■:■;-, Vl; '• ^ :-!:--!Xr< ?•:?'■''' ,i^'^'':^.t ■!»£»'-»i; ,•':. 

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i 

->-»--r> . ■, -. ■_. _ ;:m:--: -, ,^:. t^S* ?■£:?" '■ .'.'ri^ -i-^c ^ J' "^ > iHSj^?- 't '»f 

•"•- ■•■^« ' ^^i>5^w■:: " ■■■'■.; ':o c-'-ri' t'^tc ■?«»■;. t© f vj^^i-r 



auit *i*i5 i*ctiv© a"i>cut tho house, iloina th© cooking? .%r-.1 iHat #h»T!- 
eY*r pl<?lr'tlfr did ar-y aor^ it wv!.» Irt «€»nJunstloii althar rfltb the 
defsr.dtsj^^t or ao-^^& of "U:io othtfr ,iR*»ata in Ui^ houaehoW. 

issith r^ijfsrsr.a'4 to &h» ififti'; It^a, - October, l;-'l'^» fcsur 
if0(?»>r«» s«rvi<3#», i« «fhi-ali la lnai\34e-i u. sslaiis Tor s^^^^'-i to Serivar 
tv s-edura *it.r4«a-3a9 for tlarondajit « pi&lRti<*f *q tftstlraoriy on dlr«ot 
exai'^iKJitlon «4.0 ass follows? 

** i"h«n I »"3 «sllad b&ck: in 1019 In the north of 

«#»^-e-, trir©® or fovir»* 

tiidrs la no evl'lesnce fe-? tv sshat |sl4iJntiff Al-i for defer.d- 
ftj't In .>ct.ob*r, i^i^j thar* l» rot s isin^'l^* dst^ll of --i^.y kiRi of 
8«rvl»« p«rfor'"ed, s^vts or orc-as-dJi^aisation, -^ghen plaintiff tsati- 
fi«;l Umt she s?ai?. r^qvieatevi by daf&sdant to e;o to i>€mv«r an- int«r- 
vl«» a l3» JC'fl^ with rersr^&Rs© tc bscostng a witnaaa in a »lll oon- 
tvi'st tli&l hfed fc«#r. brt5«;r>5t f.y d»fsn4sr!if &rlair>g out of her '^oth^tr'a 
wlli, which w&i3 ta l?e trltct at "isl^jatsur,*.!, Illlnoiu. 

On 0rc>3s-«x««i^n~itlcn plaintiff «t«tfi<S that a?^s eJiarjjsd for 
th&t a^rvl i© bso:au^j«» ai^t® was giving fef^^r tSis* to th(* daf ©n^ant. .:il3« 
ftdisltt®^ Ui'-5.t all #x|>ens»« to ainS fr&, mr^ '^11© at D®nT<*r» warss 

tlff further ad'-^lttc^ th«>.t tner-s ««ia no ©xpr««9© afrr«$*n«nt betsi's^*^ 
her&t'ir u-;i dafsnd&nt to pay har U- per «reo& for thi^ riarvloa* a^nd 
3> * »l®o &vir::ltt«d tJiat %-hB^^ a€»rrl«9» <S©uli not bo claselfi^d a« 
nursirig, »Rrinf,, hausak^tenin?:, ooapsifiion or oook, 

i'lalRtiff 4«?t»ru\a her* lajfon th* ort^lnal ocntrast ahioh 3*s« 
clals:^ wa^ f^^iidd ir adoenber* iv-O'?, at F«»rmlrstor, on »hl<5h to baad 
h^r o^iar|■e for an all«^«Ki 3«rvto» p^pfot^i^d nearly thr«e yeara 
thortjartor. xJefer. «u^t a imlttdd that plaintiff want to Uorvar, b^t 
i»ald plaintiff v;?;iunt«»r**il to fto aa » frl4Fp»4 ,3*-;i for th« trip, ^?s4 
b«o&.uc.© she liiid a r!i«a« tnaro whots 3h« 4«»lr«(d to visit. Plaintiff, 
sfhile adrfttttlng t>iAt ahe had r«latl*«3 in i>er!V8r, d^rsiad having ^jall»d 

on them. 



-:rh'.? next iti5!ti In the bill af parti oularsi, - six woeira' 

s«n»vl(Jd8 -* 1 » riuraini?., ess^ririi?, htjttatelfi^gsplng, oowpanlon afv.1 oook - 
arat on the ocoais.lo'^ of T5iaintifr*gi havln/ been sailed by -Jisfendcjirit 
to acao^fpany hrsr to -..vAissTSair^ a^'? a ^itn^iaa, Hftlatlv© t& t'lla it^ani, 
or. aiiMot ©xapdnatl-isn plaintiff t^atififsd as f«l.Xo?/3t 

* ^i* '■ih^n #KS thw naixt tif^e ycu |sarforn©d any 

it »tfc«na to h#r arcS jjo xsitrj Ja^r tb n^alA^tjurj?;,* 

thin aonatitutsa he^r an^ir© tftstltao-rsy ci air^jt ©xartdna- 

tlor; *'ilh r«t(&raTiatf to thl« It^ju In tfo^ bill or ptirtlcui&rj?, ok 

crosa-exr.r'.lrMitiori <sili'3 atatisfl t-h^^t a^sts sais Oialleil to .,3hla*»go first 

«,nJ acoarspan,l®4 *l®t«r}ii4«r.t to •^leria'aurgj that an© w-aw thors &bc?ut 

Kln^ or slevfiWi! da^'e* :M>.0 ««» furtiisr ®xarln«4t 

"a« W^i® th©rsj anytJilrii-': asild bstwsa.i yuu and ra* 
'..ortQR at thut ii%;> t.^ia^, «5^.^ »;is^ to p^f you 'H^ a W®®!f 
•iurlnf ti^iii ti?a» you »«re if,c«i<&t 

A. '"o» net at that tin«0.'* 

?lfejl.rrtl*"f &l»o Ji^'.icdttsd that all her «x|>«Tn«®a »M1« stt 
■ai.%»burg were p&lti b^ defsndart. ^scther© doss it appose Ir; har 
v;ir#ot teutipicny Ui^t ther?; «raia arty i5.gr«®r/«»nt to pajr I\®r anythlnig; 
tor Uvlij 3<*rvics». ^^/iln pi&lKtiff i?^ forced to w-o bmolr to tho 
ori/:in'a.i ocntr*^at to r^ooi^utx for yv-^r ohar.f:C® of f1?^ per «?4»sk fia a 
wltn«aa» 

jlo«-«^«r, plaintiff 'ia ®vid«sj«0 on «5ro3»-«xa^ir5atlor! im 

qultfs at ▼ariana^ ^Ith the ol&lsj thi%t ttise oontract of i:>:^7 aooount- 

od Tor t>s'- ohar?^^* at thta a.'saoufit* a>4«' t®atifi«<S »a folio^flit 

**•:;. A ahort tl!S0 before you ?*:«t ^-r. r?ortir,'. in jay 
offlo®, al^ jrovi 4e>nand of si® ( 4r. rralrt^r) t*?nn thou»:in4 
dollfvra froo J.ra* :.'ort<5,nT 

A« i dtl<i not d«iaja?5di It, 

4» T«ll the jury »h?.t foti vvl<J« 

A. ou a^nt for «i©* I haul -% l^ttfsr froirt jrcfu and 
I oa^-fi; to jfour offloo atr^ fou ( r, '.i>«.lnor) said to t.«, 
♦what l<--» all thl?* raokst about, what «.r© f&ll of th«ae r-iormn 
tsad at TH. Jvortorj for?* I eald, 'J donH kriow, p»rhi^t?a 
th«y «9r« d9&lt with ilka 1 waa* »':ers ;Jrs% 'icrtor pro;-5S3«!>l 
■50 nonis/ tc 0OJ38 tc •:-»laeburg oxrt tftBtif'? jvjiI tht^y n«vdr 
got it.* 

.;» ijld 1 toll you that? A« f^yi . told :?cu ths^t 
=^s» H'ortefn lt&4 pronSs&ds »8« to ftro 'n* t»n thcuas^n: dollara 
toefaro A «^rit to ^i»io«burg, i© t^atlfy for her.* 



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vV-:'' ^••.♦1.-?6 

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J;' f>' '. ■ :.. .';i-'7 •?$■?-•;, .■ ;.. ;. ^fr.i'-: 

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I."'.- V -U :y\ ■ 1 '.J;:.f ...i- ■'.,,. .v:ii-v*r»/- <i^ir4 tot 

^: ;. '^r ■■•■■; ■-: >' '■■:''- ■irui..'^'-:- ■ '..: • ■^^^'s'soi? ^.Anl^i'*** 

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. .:.. ■ >'^ r-T.-- v .•••««>; t -v. ., ; . . ,, 



-10* 

tiC»a not. ti"itss t©»Jtlf3o?5y acocunfc for h«tT ^olrg, to 'in,!-^*- 
bur>i rathsr th**n tb*^^ aontrj^at eialmerii to h&v« bf§#n rs&^,o In J<s«:«>n- 
b«r» l;;?'^''? ivc;>* not Uil-s «»14air;3» aha* that in goins; to aal«@b^;irg 
t-^ t«iBtlfy» filalntlff r<allf»d on $i i^foaisa »y5ilr«fXy dlff ireful from 

Th© Sk^oisnt sRisysticsn'^i in this «oniS'#r»».tlcf5 sjstf.;«»® th« ,8%m©tmt 
cl%i3*d &t thl« trial inisljf?:«lfio«>nt« DaffseRfimnt iX^ni^d «v«r having 
c-ffer€>a plaintiff* '§Wf€^00 or any #Un»r a.!i»&«Titj> to t»--stl:fy at -.(aida- 

aj-d cooir/ <|tirln^3 ;5*r«Jh an-i ,A|«ri2., Uni - pl&intlfr t®x^t.lfl©4 a.9 

3ti3 fso;?* tl i;^ In tna ?«'*r i;}Il# t'rs:!st was a purt ef ;:ara'h 
ar4 about April or a |>».rt of -'uf that i evaa «ailM h#r« and 

Q. For *'x»* ion;i5 ft pwrioslt A* i ^taBaiflfO, about 

There 1% no t^sstlsoaiy or. dlr^ai (SKa^nitTifitlor. iss.,-} to 'afh-at 
fth» vlid in v:hlC5a^|©j »h^% th% a^^r^^ldi'ss -n^irforiaM »«ra. If ant?* 
how io,!ig ai5i« r^nal»®4 in '.Jhisa^ot «r ho» long ^& »m!i In -la-r?i»«- 
vlli«». itois'tavfer, wh#« t#«tt filing *a %o %h^ ^^&m^®nt aXlogejci to 
httv» ba«r; r'«id© in i'-'0'% plain vtff, w'^^^ji al-'^o «s.tif0.-d -srnat &fiTr«i^&9 
ah© r«ru4«rad» at^ut^-t Uiat %h& ilM "wf^a.^sln^ «tn4 IrorJn;^ i^ml >:#r't 
hvuaa «'•;.«?; ^'i® waa ditilCt «alt<sd on h®r» /5&va hc^r jma.sag** treatrt^rita, 
liTd dlti ar^yt-^an^ that i3ii,ijht turn u!?;" It sisialht tbardfors b« argti«d 
thiit »tic;h 3ria ths* ahar.a^ter ef ail ae?"9la@a renv1«r?M, \mle'^& oth^r- 
wl«(» t«R!iifi«»d to. 

tJa»r<» «aa no oXalt?- of a--y ap««sl^l a^rs'^^^nt to p&y for 

th« aer-^lQ^va r«nd«r»d In this p^rio^. It was ad[t3ltt«»d, J^oaevort 

that plaintiff aa*5omptAr^l«a tfe^ def^ndfent to Jan^»vllla a'i'-i tharo 

t«atli'l»,ni far h«r In a l!*vi»ult. 

l*h« lAst lt«Tn In th© bill ©f |>firtltral«r5<3 la for 0;*»^ paid 

out by i»lia,l«tlff <s.t d«f «*nd!a.nt ♦ *s r^m^^^t, n»"i!«glf, ''frfi^ of tbla 






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-11- 

vinourt U'« pXii.ir.'Ai^f t^dtiflti th^t «hts «.dv5%rcadl ■>'?'0 for rail- 
road. f5».r<5» and th<t b&l!ir.«9 fcr ta^ri-la, i3-n«i that ^nM m-in ^%Ef ©x- 
p«nd»-'l Irs coTirat^tlor ^\th *h<^ Bttex^vi'-iisis rsndisrod the -i-of^^'n.iawt. 

THat tMs ricnvy A-a.? advsmoed by thfl> plaintiff wa^s d««l«a 
by the -'iefardttr.t. In on^ lR»tas".ae, - on th» oo4>a«Jif>n of* hor 
father *» daatii - def^niUirt sjtsatisd tli.'*t ^>ih« hsid th-* 5sanj*i^^r of tlw 
!?«cterr. Jnlc^n Tole^aph Ccispany »t Qulnoy provide tr^'ine^ertaiion 
fcr pl&lr.tirr fro53i .i^ulnay to f'M^&j;©, at hsr escp^rs®, ?hi« was 
d6»r.l«d by plaintiff, but ■•t. 1^^3.4/ th<? iTiAKssk^dr of th« ''Jesterr 
Unlor i'^l^^ftph ■Jorapis.r-y «4t ^itilncf in DocftTsbf-r, 190*7, 'ffan bi»ou.^ht 
%c Cbiosi;ro K.C tt -^Itr.tfs^, ftnd <w5rroborat»4 t»i© (iefsniant in thla olft1.B« 

-■'lalntlff a total olslr In this c&ae la fcr *;'?'s*. rSio 
afflount of the vftrllot «a3 ■;'-''?0; th^ diffsronod being wcaotiy ttwi 
a?Boar.t clut-^^-l fc?-r s^x^er.dltur^ij bf pl&intlff for th?i dtfa-ndant, 
thd jury Aid not allo^ a r«»«cTery for tM^t suis, alt^oiS:-^?) pXalrtiff 
vllit testify with ?sor« 9?irtlojuli»lt7 as to this Ite^s than a^-j oth«r 
8cit forth Irs h®r Mil of -partJoulafo. 

In addltlo-n to l.^^ t^«tlfsory cf rslialntiff 'y d*ught^»r and 
9on-in-la4 offered In aiipport of h^r oaT®, and «di|.-ili 5?** hav* sii- 
r«a^iv con-'3ldar<aii, plalT?tlff offered th9 te;'tl£»my of ^>r, r«iiry 
P#feal-sr« 

Dr. ^fia3l«!r, It arjp9«,ra, up tc» a fo* sKtrths prior to the 
hTir.rAn^f. of thli* a-otlon, had b«Qrs on very frl'snlly t<»rn^ alth tho 
daffltrdant. who al»c «aa a tfitnesis tor ^©fAr^dart in tha trldkX« «t 
waltteburfg and Janftsvilla, **lr«iAJ7 referred to, 

>3n (llrdot ©xamlnatlon i^r» i^»ft*il»r t^stlfliftd that on April 
«, Kl^# {sh© had !i; dl3tinot roooll^otion of tHe aat*) .»t h^r hotno, 
A ocnvftreitlon b»twe»r plaintiff orA 4»f«raartt too^ plnoe irj her 
proa«r:08, wh»r« In plaintiff tolvl dafferdunt ttmt ah*:* oouldrH v»rr 
w©li afX'ora to stfty an,? longer, ?ia all® »4i« not gattlr??; b»r rrjonayt 
that Jr. :''ortOR r«plS«»<l th&t sh* «&9 not In ftiraw^inat^no^a tc pay 
b«r at th/it tlvfl©, but th&t a« soon eia ah© r»<5«»i^o<i th* %l^^f!^no 






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t«6tlfi^'i thsit plalRtiff had »or^€Ki for d«f«mant i« l'?0':'> also 

Or. crasa-©»«j.-nlniitiors» however, op. Poa^slv^r tt»i5tlftflKl that 
aha did rot. kno'^ h^ro^if *hr*t afs^a ;ion« by plaintiff Irs ir?-^, but 
had roo0lvef4 s* oard trcm %fm plaintiff t«liin«r n-^r submit it; thr..t 
»ho had n&t be^P ?it th» »vK3m«r hos3« of defendiajit, >rj-t hi*d h^apd 
<ldf«r-.4ar.t ^jfijr plals'itlff did th# --^ovk, 

Thst* iiriy «u<3h oon^»r-a4tlor) ©vst tool: plac© or that ah& 
(srmr ATi<*4® »•>/ suc!^. atat©:3«'ntJ4, sjaa oatQ/joriO'Ally danlftd by 4flf«ndl» 
ant, L€or«ovdr, plaintiff* h«r*99if <11<J not t»«tlfy to any «u-?Ji utatt- 
Bj<mt*3 Imvirv?: b&*m ssad« or ocmr9rsi=.tlo?5s haviniiT tajr^n nlac<?: In 
t&ctp plaintiff tftiatiri^dl iKssltifftly that frora .C'9C«tafc«r, 1''^, to 
■A&f, X'i^i^, fjH© r,K.^9T as^tod plaintiff for any "nors'sy or aentlcwsacS 
the ffikot of h&r not p9««iT.ing amy fsoney* At th-s tlm^ she diA m«»v 
tlon. 1'- T,o ,l9f «nd,arit In V':V4$ »^9 sra» ni&:%ttig at t;>9 lioraa of Op. 
?*»A«l©r. '.'or»ov0r, plaintiff A©«a not olaia to have aon® any flfork 
for vl«f(»r.<?ar.t In Aprilf 19lf>, wViil® thd teatlgtony of *Jp» P«ftsl»p 
»?oul^i Ipsdloat* that plaintiff tmd bt^trs -jorklnj? for d©f«nd.ant, (®r,d 
b«04*U6» cf nGnpayrs^r.t of h«p waB«» «^* '"'^s Abcmt to i®Ave r^a ah« 
eculd not rfif'^Hn any lonf,©r without gsttln^^ h«r pay. ttvlsi taatlmony 
by Dp. P»a;;a<?fr la o«ntr&alt»t»<t tsot or?ly bf tls« d«fflWKl«r.t, but by 
th« t«»tlt?.ony of t*i« pX&intlff h«ra«lf. 

^» «Q rts^'fivptl th* «»vld«r»o«, th« t«ati~torty of plsilntiff *a 
daur^tttp ard son-in-law afil ©f l>r. Faaalsr i® not !9orraborativ«» 
but attAr<l« at r&rionoti with th^ teatinorjy of plaintiff h^trsslf. 

rhn t0a>tl?«©ny of tH« d^fandiwfit w« hav» outllnM In th« 
ooura« cf our cplrslor^. In a<iaitl<m thereto 1« tfifn i»»tl7a<;>ny of 
four wltri«sa«a, jjoj3«> of ^^hois i»«r«i trial tora at th-o -i«f or^iar.t » d atns- 
fflfsr hoa</, jsjnd other's at h<»r ho;3« In th« alty. 'iTnvf ii-ll t«!«tifl*4 
thiit pl?*intiff at all tlB»««» *tot<ea aa ord appeared to b» a frl?*rwJ 
irlalMrjfs In tln^a* ho.-?® of <i«fer'lant. 



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:*&r Stefi 5*3f# in r©a4ing tJ-i® avl<S6}.ioaii fisid anytidnr. 
dt»f^f'.lt:j j.i-: 'o -Ahfiit theri* *ak3 :a<:'n<» by pi'ilatiff for il^r-^rviAr.t In 
t''.-e ««iiy ^.'f nurisXrifU «av« t-h'^t sarins ".i-jstivi® imr smsiaaf.e* tr«at't:0r,ta** 
if>t at th© vs^rv t1ra,» wl-j^r^ th^s^a ^iag«d &;;«,dai«i.Ri3i tr@atjsenta wop© 

«J-^ eav® h'^r tr«»trjonta «hil® plaintiff «ra.i9 in d^tf^MartSa hess©* 
In feiiMltlan, thers is the toetlf:xr;|' of >'P» cbipporf 1 ®l<i, 
ani 'w:r» :;!u*rl<i>.^ J, iTj*»i«or, Ui?? ifett^r be-ln-^ ciurx^i^l for ^®.ffe3>Xaait» 
..hll© ,■»© Gi,r« '•'iKdfuX of the f&ot thfit 3t*a£ aourfe icok - ^ritn dla- 

auoh t<af'Ulf.eeny la oorapi^t^rt, ixivl if iwlpfui for this- oourt in ar- 
riving &% a proper ooriOiusJlcjit wuiit fi'^ oor.ali^'ri'jd.* 

d»m6rHl«>d that 40f?»rtc|.s>ni p**/ Jisr llO^OO'^t oiii4*r«i3® s^tx^ *<ml'd r^t-* 
traet h©r tf*stiri:©«y givstJ In Uie will Oisfitsi'st /4t ■■**l#«*bi4ri5i ^'3.'! 

i.?,r. OJ:3l|Jp'3rfi«l€ alMQ testified to a a.<5r,v® ?*;&*&%! on f^lalfn* 
tiff h:ui i..ith hi^ ir5 his «ffles at as.nt.cn> lUiRolfcf that pla'lft- 
tlfr jrtrAt#4 »TAt «s*® rs';tlii«4 to a larg« sac* of «5on«>.T rwrtrirsg Into 

to ?il,^( tt>* faot o.f hi*i?in,g any al*ita agatp.«t th* K*>«f#nd&rst for e«rv- 
iae» j-ond^r*»4 •su'sJi a« a«t fart'a In t2^<* '-.sill of pi5Artimil»ra. 

). t la ti-^iss pl&lntifr denied ths ■jscnv^rasttiori verba ti.^g %& 
giymr-i by both th«;3t sltr.ftssiiK for rt^fondaj-t, bt^t plfitlntlff ^i4 
«tat«. t/«iifc diaf«»pdant ha<l proalaa^l h«r ^10,0^^ for t«i»t^f^1:ng, arwl 
raor«»cv»rt ti"s;^t sha hs»4 n©t 1c©pl htir promla* to p^f hm* for b«ln^^ ft 

■'h&r^ 1.? R oortair.ty «.t ld-4i*t» tJisLt tn« ewws of |lO,t?n-r> w&5 -^{intim»dx 

tri«»» i:* (J, ©(^rtiUnty th^% j»lalrtiff cX&l^isfta iJith oth<?r arltno^^i^o in 

th{j ,;.'ili9»J^.3rit «:*x3i», that daf<»ni1ant htxd tmd& proralaoif* ^o p»y « oertAin 

whicti' v;ere not kept, and . 

A-^ouTxt for tg>rttl.jfln& ^t ■j;Al©3bur?r^^th|kt ah^ ?«I€ -^*S^rt*v«a tncrsby. 



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hifT claiK th^t the ooy^traot aliagecl to h?tT* besK »nt©r4t<1 Into In 
i:':'r pr-t-vldli^g Tqt a «..Uary of ^■l^'i par w^^V, -aras tr.ten^Jftci to ^cv®r 

oan we 

' r :.--u.Nor/vt^%^'s r^oi*© a^jrlcuaiy >**<sr «3i»|-^ for aervisMsa r^i^;|«r«s«d as 

" -^^ Did j'ou ©vtjr tas** »ar€> of h«ar bafCir©, as a nuras? 
A» ^?o sir* l>«oisu3e I iWTan» yaior'a**'! hefors," 

:\t ar.other plftoe plaintiff t^atlfl^ thtj^t ah© icoT- ur» ruralr^g sa 

,. ,-tlrI iind gJiY-s it up &fi,^r shs tsarrie^a, b«t reti-rr.sa to 5t again 

:i-' par w0»>: Si.« a rur;?#, th«r« li5 «© taiatljs^mjf in ecrroboratlor 
thereof, That Ahe *&;? a ^-rsUiwte^© of imf Irs a it tut I on @r i?hat ^-s^p^r- 
ien'i^ she h^^td h:-*d i« t)i?"<!»p«.ring for this pr©f®«isior» th& ®videnc$ 
dc«t;s net jshow, <>or»OYftr, in aii ©f ^il^ltitlff ♦«? teatlT-e-ny, th#r» i» 
& proroijno0vl ftbssr^g© of d«taH '^^ to tlj-t f5h^ract.?*r of th^ r:\ir?iing 
plalritiff '?id for dief <!?*4!syst t t*>e nia»lJ9?» af flays, if any, th-tt d«- 
f!ar.dr>.r:t ■«rtf.3 )5®driddim5? or wlm.t ^Tm^Mfi%*9 trcwblf= saji, Xn vl#w 
of tht; fafft t!?.-it <?«jf«r!dmit «»3 a pfhy«l«iJ2n, onm of |5l%lr*t1,rf '^ sfit- 
rs«a»a& » phy^4'^lar, ssid plait^tlff Qi&is»:l to 'b© a. nyf®« in rAtt«rKi- 
inee, 5..t 1^ *ifwi'lfieant that tli#r^ waa not s?t iotsi of ovid^rca as 
tr the ohar^ator of dof'STdaKt's lllnea^, ©r a d«aorl ration ef h^r 
allwftnt from 'shi'.-sh the Jury wlf^J^t hsY© forsi^dl or* oplnior\ aa t<^ rle- 
for»d.'int*:s pV^ysloid oondition, ««s.ve th« tl??^ w?>en »h» s-ss 13,1 Vilth 
diphtixerla iR JiiirjSf l^fJ;-.*, rhiis l» tfea only .r^al lllrsafl^ fneyttloi^^d, 
&nd on ihl3 oa<>&sio?i .*i tm-lnad nurf».e »a^ «,lr©KtdT aa^^lnlat^rlrr!: to 
(ief©nday!t'» wants tfh&n th& pIair?tl/T s^ri^lvftd i?r! tb-a »o«r.e. j o 
•videnefe iliac sho's^a that th» r!t,ira& rsnalrofJ f?^r !JO»5* daysi ;5ift??r 
plaintiff's arrival. A f&9 d^yts lat'?r i-ief»n;i»nt aJ^-J plaintiff -.etor- 
•d up to i^s.5t's viab«sa, <l«fdTKlaiTt drWlnR tfte oar part of th« -^Sr'''. 



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*4hiia th©rsj is no doubt that th>,i pl&intiff st iri^rious 

ah© say i'tove -s^tail upon ii3r ^hi^n nQt fasilng 3?©li, - .i^i %t. th© 
tiJK.3 <>r ih& ^4&t^ or ';lQcr«ifn-iant*vs fiiti:j4?r, or -^hsm d#ff.mdjirf.t *^&« ill 
gfitis dinht-harin » jet s-s are sjf th© oplriiim -S-r^t th^ ^yldm^m^ «j9Ar- 
iy isho'ssj that auoh sserrio© 'at^ie pisrl'or.srM »Jai© plaintiff s?^© a 
visitor ur.d fe ^-^Si^t in the- ho;;# cf yio ft©f?jn;ij*»:t, ani rot ^-©ecya« 
0hs h-%(5 been fijsplcy^ urrier ?& ac^nir&ot ^sni«r^ ir.to in l^-^" s,t 
rar- • in,v tOri, I llino I s • 

'^^ haY=? alr®;4dy s9t&taf4 tLet th« tssiiisionj^ cf thfS other 
3it?-©33«.;. offergid ©n t.*h-3.if c^r thm pl-iir*ttff, is r»ot ortiy et ve*?- 
l«i,no3 lit!? that af tha plaintiff^ btjt is Inacmsi^it&T'.t tJhorswlthj 
end thii-t ttsreby %h^ pltiintlff *s is^^-s bso^s* ««*:kan«ii rsihc?r t-*-M5U 
atrervgtlisr.ssd b^ »uol5 t©••^tii^•3•n/• rharafor'a, *» i,r-» lrr#.si.^.tlbl;» 
(3r2»»n to the. oscntjliiaioii n©t only ih&t ti'i^> plaint^lff f«iilat5 tcs pr&v© 

ct* th<s j'.zr-/ «*a clfe'-irl^ and m&rlf^- tly aontrfis*,/ to tJ>*^5 a#lf,bt eft.. 

In ccjr.ing tc thia ©Cfj-siuslcR, «m &s^ net imisindftjl of t^'i® 
f-isat that th& lixr-/ and tria.1 osj^iTt s«ia t!** sritn«©3«® ar?d he^ird thssa 
testify: tbcit the printed pag'S' at titstve d©"'S not shew the t*i'«so»* 
ph^r^ th.^-t t^iirr&unds tb« p^nsons givlrsf, th® testlno?;^^ ^nd ths re- 
luctAn««; Of re¥l4si»iRg courts t6 diattjrb the finding of a jury &tt9r 
the trlnl juJ*:* ^^^^ upprov^ th« v<>rdiot by cvorrtAltTv:; a motion f©r 
a Tii'i: triiii. 

In thia vi*ss of Va<i oaa^j, It 14; not Raoai^-s^tr:; for ur> to 
pifc^a upon t?n# cth.or ^uekjti&r^ts ralas«d by appellant en this .appos.!, 

i'Or th* r®iaoni5 Ji^rslnsA^bov© Am-^X^^^d, the ju;%?»^irst of th® 
Coun»,y court ^111 h^ r^TSr'sed snd tho oaua^ rg»atur/i©<i * 



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I ;..>•; ■: . -'Dt . *i;*i -11.1 7s,)^ 



MR. JUS ilOE SOANLAN, specially corcurring! 

I appreciatuj fully the fact that a jury has a far 
better opportur.ity than .ve to pasa upon the credibility of 
witneaaea and the weight that should be attachad to testiiaony. 
They see and hear the witneaaea and have the atmosphere of the 
case, while we have only the evidence in cold type. Hsverthe- 
less, after a very careful consideration of the entire testimony 
In the record - in the light of the above svell known rules - I 
have become satisfied that this ia a case in which the verdict 
is clearly and manifestly against the weif^ht of the evidence. 
To JTsy mind, there are certain weakneseea of an important character 
in the teatimony for the plaintiff that ©nibble ua to settle with 
certainty where lies tVio weight of the evidence in the oaae. I 
purposely refrain from calling attention to these weakneases, for 
the reason that I do not care to prejudice, in the slightest de- 
gree, the rights of the plaintiff in any future trial of the case. 

There is another reason that has strongly influenced me 
in reaching the conclusion that the defendant has not had a fair 
trial, it appears from the record that the attorney for th© 
plaintiff, during the progress of the trial, constantly question- 
ed, in the presence of the jury, the fairness of the court, and 
apparently appealed to the jury to see that his clienfi did not 
suffer from the alleged unfairness of the court. 1 ara satisfied 
that this improper conduct worked to the injury of the defendsmt. 



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I &r* unabl® to oonciir In th^ for«go4n.t opinion, in 
jsjy jll:i?^f3«r?t, th^ vl^s- of the «^i(3snoe theraln <i>3cpr«fiss©dl attach«« 
4iltcg«th«r too ^^ah Issport^ifso© tc- th^ aAJsitte-i fact that the plain- 
tiff «fti» outwssrai^ tr«at#<l- ^y U'!® d©f«nii4ni «.?* a gue«t sw-.! «► frlond 
and not 'Xss SI eerviant» 'I'fca mi.ppo&^ sigRlfloamsa of thst fact 41iS- 
aipp«&rst wh«n t.he olo>f« rtlationsiJ fe»t«^®r!, tilt p&rtl^ss and th®5r fln^j3- 
olel c!ro«:2jft&T?o«» ar» aor5®ld«j*«dl# Th?/ «>vid6n<?« ahO;** that th» 
plaintiff and tief^ndant si0r« v«r'y irstlssato frl«T}.d», arid that «'!all» 
th« a«f«»niiiAnt 5vifi an IrKKJ'aa 9MttXol&nt for h«>r ne«9«1a, s.R-i ttr&a tho 
only oMld ©f & HiiT-'. of ^^M,n0, the plaintiff w&is ©blli^ijd to aypport 
heroeif bv nurain^. fh« pi&lntiff t«»tifi«d that mh^ isn.ti) making 
flftf&^r doilara a ige«Jc by h®r vor^» Jfe* al«c testified, in effftot, 
t^st «U«r3 t^s: dasfer-dant *ake>a 3b©r to r«ffl«iln in the d«f€>r»dant*a 
household* sh© pessindftd th«» -.i«rf®n;4«^t tfeat Bh& could not afford to 

do Ao bfeoau..ii« sh® !su«5t t»am her ll^n^^ and t>i«.t the d^fenilas'it 

alio 
therwvpar psH»r?li4©4 tc pai" h-^^r aa «jijoh aus^tat-ulvi «arr; aiaaw.h«r® for 

hfifr tlm-?. IfhH® ah» t«*atifls4 ttmt iih^ sorkact ac a dorse stt«, y©t 

in vi«w of t}*.« olC':s« fri#Ti"t«hlp #«latl«g b-st«0»r! th^^. It woul;.l b« 

only natural, ur^Jisr th.» olr<suniSStancoiBi> th*t d«f«rdant ahould treat 

r&ther 
h»rt.'Ati a friend aaui aonpwriior., t?iai'< at a a aorvant, 'm® «vld«.rd9 or 

third, paraona^ wJio w«ro ignorant of tfcsso ?a<3ta» iis to th« Sbpoarent 

poA^ltlor. of tho plaintiff in di>f^n^i*iit*» fs^fsliy, l>«ca"i»»J of no value 

whatever un-ier mi<^h olrg«ffl«timo9»» in daternlnln^ »gri#t5';er th® pl&in* 

tiff vfi,n ar?ploy«vl ^f tb^ it»fiflr:dfe.T!t, &a sh« olaiffifiid. 

■3fhil# ther<» ar* sot^ aircuj^»t^ios» in fjvl!J«n«j« tw;d.lns to 

dlssredlt th« pl&lntlff, thsr<5 ar© othsrja glvlnf, support to h?!>r 

th9 whole question, . . 

«vi4«?si^e» eiT54 I thlnk/^ ao far Aa tn* allas**^ @?splo^:tJ«Rt la 3onc©m«a, 

is on« or aredlblllty of aitn^sisoa, a,3 b«t«f®«n tbe plaintiff, otj cars* 
aide, atKl th© aof«ncl«mt on th» oth«r* rh -t <|u»4tlon th«j Jur:? «r^ 
tb© triiil i«?t;-«, "i»lt^ tlss sitn»8«9fi b«»for« th«t<s, w«r« "bdtt-jr ;»bl© 

to d©t^rsin9 thi?.n tlila oourt. P*r»ar!j*lly> <?hil>» X mi aJseptiotti as 
to th«> pl&lntlff *3» atury of th« *^r««JS«nt b»tw»«n tb® pts-rtltavy yet 



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1 a-"', not &hl9 t« mi.f thut the vardiat is :s}ar^lf»i'tl.y agatjosi th© 
ir«4j^ht of th<9 «via<mo« upon thsat subject, i agr»« «lth the "stsijor- 
ity of t.h« '3oyrt that th© pr<30f 1;? d*flal«nt as to Uj© laat three 
Itojas Of thai plskinlitf^ olalfjs for s^rvio®!^, ':*ut th^ trror In that 
r^spaot oouXa bf'? our-s.! by Sk r atratttltur of -^l^n, ;fith that gxo«ptlon, 
* think tho ju-,2j»?5fwt ah<!J«l''5 b® &fflr2^«4. 



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■xQd ' 20239, 



Q, ■;!. ROSl!;^:T].AL ai::d J. B. GC'dKF.LL, 
QOf^a.rtnei's doin2 buoinejs aa 0. 

Defendanta in Error, 

vs. 

AUGUST TURUEE, 

Plaintiff in Error, 



KRTxCR TO 

I,:UTJIOIPAL COURT 

OF CillCAGO. 



hi 



j STATEMENT 0? T-T': CA3E, This is a suit broUolit in the .'iimicipal 

court of Ghica;:;© by 0. V/. Rosenthal and J. B. Corr.oll, co-partnors 
I 

doin:;:; business as 0. "/. Rosentbal & Company, hereinafter referred 

I to as plaintiff, against Augiist Turner, hereinafter referred to as 
the defendant, for an amount due for general vrork of alterations 
end repairs to a certain building, and foi" ;7hicli an architect's 
j certificate was issued on July 19, 1909 in the sum of ;';;452.S8, 
I The stato.''^ent of claim sets forth that the amount as due 
I ig for cener-r.l work performed in corjiection ;7ith alterations and 

re'-jairs to (jreat Northern and I'orle S: Heaney buildin.p;s located at 
} 14th place and Sanganon street; that the amount sviod for v/as settled 
and arreed on between plaintiffs and defendant acting through. Hola- 
bird & Roche, architects, by the issuance of an architect's certif- 
icate on the 19th day of July, 1909; attached to said statement of 
clain and nade a part thereof are the architect's certificate, known 
ao plaintiff's E^chibit Ko. 1, and the contract under v;hich the work 
'.vas perfcr-'jod, between the parties plaintiff and defendant, loiovm 
as plaintiff's Exhibit IIo, 2. Plaintiff also claim.j interest on 
said sura, at the rate of five per cent. (5 ) frora July 19, 1909. 
To this statement of claim defendant filed his affidavit 
of merits, in whivch he claiciod that payments had been made by de- 
fendant to said plaintiff and that the architect 'c certificate sot 
forth in the statevnent of claim did not ta^^e such payments into con- 
sideration; furthermore, that the certificate had been procured 
from the architect by plaintiff \7ithout informing the architect of 



-1 



I'r.v true facts, r.s.uiely, that the account had been paid directly 
♦ :, the plaintiff by defendant v;ithout the ia^.uance of tho certif- 
l:;u.te for any of the work '.vhlch 2iad been perfor-^sdr further, that 
ti.e .vork provided for in the contract v/a.3 not fulfilled but abandoned, 
(.ad that payment nado February 25, 190^ was in full of all -.vork per- 
forned; f-arthor, that plaintiff had takon a;7ay certain :-:atorials 
the property of defendant and convortod r.an:a tc their o-rn uae, vi-ith- 
out nf-kin'5 payr.ent therefor to the defendant, and that the :7iatGrials 
so taken were ivorth over V200. 

On the trial of tiie case before a court and .jury, plain- 
tiff introduced the architect's certificate anci the contract al- 
ready designated us plaintiffs Tlxhibita Nob. 1 and 2« Plai)- tiffs 
called aa a Vi^itness ur. Cornell of the r^laintiff firsi, v;ho tectifiod 
that the certificate v.'o.a received by hire from the architects, ilola- 
bird &. Roche; that it was presented tc defendant, v/hc referred him 
first to I.Ir. Crraham the banker, and failin;'^ tc receive payaenx, of 
V.r. uraharr., he rstumed to defendant, vvhothen referred him to a ;.:r# 
Creriner, v.ho also refused payment; and that no payincnt had been 
nade up to the tiine of the trial, on said certificate. On cjroes- 
exa-iiination ho testified in detail as to the circurijtances Ui'der 
v.uich the certificate had OGeu issued, and v/ith reference to certain 
conversations had v/ith defendant. He v;a3 asked this question on 
cross-exa-sination: "v^hen did you conclude your work under the con- 
tract offered in evidence, and a portion of v;hich v/as read by your 

an 
attorney, :.\r, O'Connor?" To v/hich question tho court suc.talned^ob- 

jection upon the ground that it ^^'as not cross-examination. 

At the close of plaintiff's case, defendant noved the court 
to instruct the jury to find for the defendant; which notion v/as 
overruled, defendant did not offer any evidence on his bohalf ; 
whereupon the court instructed tho jury orally, and the jury return- 
ed a verdict in favor of the plaintiff for !!;452,o3, upon which ver- 
dict judgment was entered, - to reverse v;hich, defendant has sued out 
tnio writ of error. 



-3- 



ll'R, J'Jo'i'iCii P.lll dolivered tho opinion of the court: 

Dofendant contends: (1) Tho court orred in a.d'riittins 
ths architect's certificate in evidence; (2) th-jt the verdict 
fcr plaintiff could not stand upon the architect's certificate 
elons, tut that the plaintiffs had to establish by a preponderance 
of the evidence that they had perforrr,ed the contract under which 
the certificate v/as Issued; and (?) that the court erred in sus- 
t3.inin£^ tho objection to the question asked by defendant on crose- 
examinaticn, pi'eviously set forth in the statoj^-ent of facts. 

Plaintiff assigns as cross-error the court's oral charge 
to the jury, that they should not allow interest to ths plaintiff 
on this certificate. 

In urging this court to sustain the judgrnont, plaintiffs 
depend upon the architect's certificate and its non-payment, and 
the contract between the parties. 

Plaintiff's Exhibit ^o. 2 - which is the contract in ques- 
tion - recited that the plaintiff was the party of the second part, 
and the defendant the party of the first part, to ths contract; tho 
character of the v/ork to be performed; the fact that Ilolabird (i Roche 
wore the architects representing the ovner: it contained i;-mon5 other 
provislon-o, the follov/'ing: i 

"In consideration v/hereof, the said party of the 

first part a^roos to pay "oo tho said party of the second , 

part the sum of Seventeen Hundred and Forty-nine and 2'i/lOC | 

(V1V49.22) l^ollars, upon the px'-esentati'cn of certificates } 

si^-^ned by said architects. Said certificates, hov/evsr, in no I 

M-ay lessening the toical and final rosponbibility of the pa-rty j 

of the second part, rr -:;- ••> i 

"I'u is especially understood and ar;re6d, that the 
amounts to be paid frora timo to tiro shall In no case exceed 

86 per cent, of the value of the worh dono, and matorial fur- j 

r.ished; tho remaining 15 per cent, of said value to be retain- ■ 

ed by said first pa,rty, as part security for the faithful por- i 
formance horeof , and not be paid until the expiration of SO 

days, after the perfect completion of said v/crfe and the payment I 

of all claims for labor and material furnished, and '.vlien" all I 

tho drav/ings and apeoificaticns have been returned to Holabird ! 

2: Roche, architects, «. -:•- --- J 



-4- 

"/uid ^:h;n;ld any diaputo arise betvcsn tho pcirtiey 
hereto reapectin,^ the true construction to "bo follov/ed in 
3a,id dravin:^^ ar.d apocif ioaticn^, or laGanir.-; oheroof, the 
sane shall be decided "by said architects, Holabird .■-; Hocho, 
and tneir docloion shall be final." 

The for':;going contains all that ±c oasential i"or tho de- 
ternination of the questions here in iosuo. 

Plaintiff's L^xhibit I'o. 1 - the arohitoct's cortificato - 
ij ao follows: 

"Ijillian Holabird, 
;."artin Roche, 
Kdward ir.. ..onv/icii. 

Holabird .:; Roche, Architects, 
161'-) ;;cnadnool: i^loci;, 
Jir. :.lr, August Turner, 

Onica^o, 111. July 19th, 1G09. 

1:0. 3 :■ 452.08 

Thi'o i3 to certify that 0. ^!. Rosenthal 5-. Cor.T)any 
ia entitlGci, unacr the t:-.rnc of ita contract, to the 
sum of Four Hundred fifty-tv/o and 68/100 ^Dollars, as 
part r)£. yment for general v/ork of altoratlon and re- 
pairs' to Great northern & '•ferle -^ Keaney buildinp;3 at 
l-^th Ji'lace do G3Ln,3&'iion street and ijhod at 14th place 
and ..lorsan street, Chicago. 

Contract 1,749.32 

AllOY/anoes loO . 

i'otal 1,&BS.22 

Deductions 

Het arat, of contract . .1,888.22 

. Holabird o; Kocho 
per . . . 1^ . . 

Forinor certificates 865. 

Present do 452.68 

Balance 53 7.5 4 

'iot-al l,(io3.i/n 1,C:"B.22 

Holabird & Roche, Architects, 
peoeived payment, in full of the above certificate 



■I'hese tv;0 instruments, and the testimony of Ilr. Cornell - 
vv::lch vTas offered for the purpose of Bho^Ting that the ccrtifioato 
hud not been paid - utiax1ssJ2ft;3c?i:edxtai:XSxt?iffxco-r-tl-ficfata>0r^Sx3Otx-ti5coa 
'SiO±<±y. constituted the entire evidence of plain-oiff. 

Defendant ur.qes that the oertifica-^s should not have been 
adriiitted in evidence until plaintiff had shcv/n that he had complied 
\vith one or two other provisions of the contract, and refers parol cu. 



-5- 

ly to the fact that the contract provided that tho 'balr-nce due 
•..•''5 not to be paid "until the oxpiration of 150 days, after the 
p3rf9Ct corcplotion of said v;or'-<' and t-ve paynent of all olairns for 
Iribor and material furnished, and when all the ira-vings and specifi- 
cations have been returned to Holabird u i-^oche, architects." A. 
glance at this providion in its place in the contract at once 
establishes the fact that this provision has reference only go 

the Ib'ji that was to be retained as xiart security for tnc faithful 

The further 

performance of tno contract. i^iistkcrrcii-iSj: defendant Aoontends that 

the certificate shoy;ed that thore had been an allo'.vance of .,,13C 
and then argues that the said ;:;139 v;as in the nature of an extra, 
and that they had not complied v/ith the provision in zIig contract 
v;ith reference to extra or additional -.vorL;, /jr. exa.-ainaticn of the 
certificate ". aires it apparent at once that the anount allo'.",'od v;as 
well within the SS^a vaiicn the contract provided -houla bo paid as 
the work progrestied; and further.i.ore, that cher-i .vas not'.'.dn^ in 
the certii''icate to sno'/v that the ':1'69 alluwanco was included there- 
in; but on the contrary, thw certificate did she.; that the balance 
still due uiiaer the contract .-/as con-iideraoly in excess of the 
vl3& allowance, fherofore ooui'isel's point that plaii'itiffs aia not 
first show that they had coij-ipiied v/ith these provisions in the 
contract is not well taken, 

Defendant i\irthor contends tiiat even thou^^i the archi- 
tect 'b certificate v/as propoi'ly in ovidtfnoe, yet, star.ding by it- 
aelf, it vvas not sufficient to sustain a verdict for the plaintiffs, 
but that plaintiffs were first called upon to sho.; that they had 
ifade due perforpianco under the contract. '.-e cannot subscribe to 
that contention, and no authorities cited by defendant sustain 
that contention. The contract in question provided for the issu- 
ance of an architect's certii'icate; it further pro . ided that pay- 
Eierits be raade to the extent of 65^^ of the value of the v.'ork as the 



v.crk progressed. The architect's cortificate states upon its 

face that it vias issued under the terms of the contract. It is 

not within the prohibition of the 155^ payment and does rot state 

that it is for any part of the allov/ance of v'lSS. Clearly, under 

this contract, the architect's certificate issued thereunder hy 

the person authorized to issue sane, was prima facie evidence that 

00 nuch of the work had been completed under the contract as to 

entitle plaintiff to payment of the amount it v;aLD issued for, nar^G- 

ly, :v452.68. it:LTia3xnctxr.QC33:uarjr:cf cr:-:pia±r.tif i:>:taxpi:ovGxpcrf cr:^^* 

Therefore 
ancextiJia9l*x4iKcjX-cQntr2at>xb:iii this cortificato, together v;ith the 

evidence of its non-paynent, clearly nade out plaintiffs' case. 

Concord Apart. House Co. v. *3ri en , 2'i3 111. 530; Lohr .'^ottlin.'? 

^o._ V. Ferguson , 223 111, 33; otose v. Hoissler, et al. , 120 111. 

433; Dovrr.ey v. 'Donnoll, et al. , 92 111. 559; ''c/.ulcy v. Garter, 

et al. , 22 111. 53. 

Defendant coEiplains that the court erred in u-efusing to 

permit him to ask the following question on cross-examination: 

"'.("hen did you concluds your '.vork under the contract offered in 

evidence, and a portion: of which was read by your attorney, ::r. 
j O'Connor?" A careful' r'eview of the answers given by this witness 
I on direct examination ;show3 the question v/as not proper on cross- 
I examination, 

I Defendant did not introduce any evidence. His affidavit 

J of merits did sat out' a defense. It was in the rature of a claim 

I that the architect's certificate was issued through fraud or rnis- 

I wcvi..i 

I take - v;hich under the authorities previously cited, siiciuio: have oeen 

} properly presented as a defense; but this the defendant did not 

1 choose to do, 

I 

I Upon the record in this case, however, the Jury could not 

have found otherwise; than for the plaintiff, and the court was fully 
Warranted in entering judgment on said verdict. 



-7- 

Plaintiff assigns as cross-error the action of the court 
in inetructing the jury not to allov/ plaintiff interest upon the 
architect's certificate. Our exanination of the record impresses 
u3 with the belief that plaintiffs did not object to this ruling 
of the court, but rather that thoy waived their objection thereto-, 
••lien the court as>:ed counsel for plaintiff r;hethcr ho v/ished to 
stand upon his request for allo.ving interest, he replied, "I arr> 
ar.^ing it with "yaolf." Counsel for defendant then said he T;ould 
rest v;ith the understanding that interest; v.-culc: not bo allov/od, as 
otherv/ise he -.vould put in sorr.e evidence on tho question of interest; 
to which statenent counsel for plaintiffs replied, "I think this 
court v;ill be the court of final resort on that question anyho^;.'." 
The court then instructed the jury not to allov; any interest; to 
this instruction no objection was made by plaintiffs. 'Vhile it is 
true, that ijnder Section 81 of our Practice Act, where a case comes 
up to this court for review in the form of a stenographic report it 
i3 not necessary to preserve an exception, yet the record rust show 
that the ruling coir.plained of was an adverse one; therefore plain- 
tiffs cannot coir.plain of such error at this ticie. 

Finding no reversible error, the judgment of the :,I-unicipal 
court will be affirmed, 

AFFIItllED. 



/ ■ 

; ■ \ 

\ 
\ 



516 - 20251. . / 

.at«ild;. k, ?C'^i3» ) / 

) / 
V3. ) / oiaauiT oouET 



-r 



pi:ii:;x ^A^inJ ;^t>'?D, ' :-') sooK coy????. 

Appellant. ) 



>'K. JliiiriCK PA.'i d©llver»-l the opinion of th« court. 

vJiithildii /%• pord, coBsplalnant hsrslr., flltxi a bill for 
sop&rate T!«aiist*vr:fino# agatnet ?ar<5y i. FcrU, d«f^n>iar.t h'srair.. 
In the circuit iourt of ooofe Jountjr. ftotc a final d^serea ^^- 
tsr©4 iR thJit o«.:j« on rtil;/ Iv-t 1-'1^'» th« co^spl^l riant parf acted 
an appfc&i to th« Ap»«llat« 3oux^ of tha first dlatrlot. 'h« 
oorjplstln&nt trian fll«fJ a petition i»3 »Mah ah© pray^-1 for an 
crdor on ti.•5^ aeffeniart to taak^ suitable alloaancs for t«?3pora^y 
alisony p^ndini-: the appeal, ani that ctefmidant pA-/ to h^r a sura 
of sKsrisj^ for aolioitor** fesis and sxpsnsa asorsy in daferKiinK said 
appeal, :o tl-Us petlticn deforda^t filsd a sstcrri ?tns^i9r «har8lr. 
he 3«t fwrth faot^^ shich he malr.talrsaj (l) havo a toeartr-K up^n 
the araci^t, if an/, thiat should b^ «tlloa«ci? and (£) »h03 ah/ 
the prayer In ths patltlon ^hcull fe« dsnled In its ©ntiratv. 

vn thd h»ariny had on this pstltlcm e«id anassrer, t*»e oh.:Mi- 
cs; lor ont«r«<i * decree In yhich th« dafesidant «?i3 ordsrsd to pay 
oo^plaina^'t iurins^ th© peMens? of tha atsp<»al tho aa« of *^0 per 
we**k. i*ro'^ thla <l«or©e ii®farcia*:t h&a proaaeutM thla aapaal* 
ir. prsparln,? the record for raviear In this court, the 
defe'^da'-t ^t3)c*d th© <3lerfe of the v7lrotiit court to pr-^para a trans- 
cript ef Ui« r«-3ord of tha aupplaraontsry proc»«Klln;-9 In asl4 cauao, 
and da»5l >^.at«4 «^.at ahouli be included in tfc® record. Iti using 
th«i tarr. •suppl**r!©rtary prooa^din^a in ^aS 3 cauaa,* ha nsooaaarlly 
;^ru3t havr* d3 atln^^iahad bat«aon tha proae«dines on ths patitlon 
an-i an9»©r upon wMoh tha leor«« was entarad, oo!splaini3d cf in thla 
appd.^l, and t.h3 orl^iniil procoadlngs ha^l at th« tlma th© ea'se was 



XciiiOi; - dJi 



('.O 



'■ ■■ ■ ' ' "J.:. ■;.'■'_ -: ■':.'■ ii/."^ j' 7 - .'.■■"■■ tjn 

■ .' .- .. ::... J- .-^- .,-: -- 1/ ,J-»,-;.. cwj 



originally trle^i in whlsb a final d«»<5r»e »fta entar*! July 19, 
1S1S» rh» r©a©r*d »&« pr^p&.rnd hy X'n^ alftjr'^ aa .ilr®at9-:it an! la 
OdrtirJ-'Wi ^0 t,his o&ixrt hf tn% o-lr^t^ a^j a " »uppls.":«ntarT trana- 
orlpt of the Tiia,ord9 aooet^ling to a o«riaiii i5ra90li>« fH«4 Iri 
th« Gf,ri-:3© of ?<f-f^ i>lork of th« oircuit Gmart, in is.nl'l otusa." rrpo?! 
tbia rssor;:! daf^r.siarit ?-s9ka this ootirt to r&-v^r-^v t^rs d^opsd, for 
t»o rmAnonAt it) :h&t th«} fillowmic® for te^'poyary alisony, suit 
Koniy j*nd aollssitora' f©ea i- unfslr, unr«&3oriabl«, exo»93iv€t and 
bur4»n30j3«t and (4) tJiat t?aa ooijirt erred In ?oa>ing &r,j aiiowamofi 
»hat«v®r on %■■:'&■ petition and n^im^ar, because oosaialnamt had not 
ccstpiis'. .sith asrtatin pravi«lo?iia of the flR»l ieor«9 ^ntertsd Jul? 
19 jt 1^1:^, &r4 by ra^aoti of 9n^ f»Hur© shawasnot ©"^tltl^ffi to tha 
r«ll®f pr«.?4l for. 

in reply tharet©, coaplalrt&nt contends* that th"? r«oord 
pr*s«p.t*il to thia aourt by %d<» mpp^ll^mt la Irico'splett© aivi 4o®3 
not ferliit^. t» thl^ court ail the »vidar:o« and prooseilngs that «02*« 
&€»f3r« the* trial sourt at the tl'se the daoras was «nt«rsd, ari it 
isuat t?ier«for® 'o& preausaad that if a ooreplate r©(Sor<l s©r« h^^ra, 
th& ©Tmt»rraa and pra39«»dln|?.a tn^reln seuldi nha-jt thst the oourt bo- 
lo» saa wjj,rrantftd in ««t@ring th!9 <ia«sr®e co^pl&Jnad of, 

Ddfandant ralias upon hid sworn arsxer In ss-^pport of hln 
cont©r;tion that th« court «?rr*i ir: scntarirjg tha d9or«9« cosaplfttnedi 
of, Ths ■^«rtl-'t<sat8 of svldar;«« In this easfifc 's^reiy pr««9nte th® 
ftnaefsr n^^ a pleaxiitjg en flic?, altftoui-h v»rlfl3d. thll© &r=T of tho 
fsAOts »«t forth tharsl?* raay b« tPfsat^d as arj adwlsslor b? the op- 
poaln>? p^irty, yet unless It was offered In »vider.«5e, «n<?. that fact 
appsars In tfc« aertlficatsj of evid«n6« pre»«nt«A to this fjourt, «s 
OArrot cor5slil«r th« f&ota 8«t forth in U;'? varl flQ«i ana»sr. In sup- 
port of ^Ith'^r c^" defendant's oont9ntion.3 aJ./ th^ d«or»s ahould b» 
revsradd. 

/ho ;:0rtlfi'3&t« of ^vlden^s states that this cm.m# conas 
on to ba hasir<l upon %h& potiticn of th© eowplalnant, tha onawftr of 






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t^e d<i»f&n'iar5l, &r.d uvcm the pleadings mx<i tr&nd«ript of ths tfssti- 
^ony Uilten upon tht* trial cf said o&i29# 4^4 th« fixtal deorsa ren- 
dered tiier Ir^. '^^ proaeisfUng^ Iss^itm; to th« d9cr#« «otapls.ir.©d[ 
of af«r« soippls'^eBtiiry to a hearlns had on ths raapita of the oause 
r««?ylti-.« in tr;« final riaopoe of Jalf I§, l^l?* rbersfore, Inrle- 
punder.t of Use aTorasaici x*«oltals In tb* oartlflo&t^s of *vitisr;0®, 
this court gust pro3«dd u^n Uie pres'osmticT: Uiat the ah^noellor 
hearir^'2 the petition ss-td «n9V4»r» Irs arriving at hi2 soRoiu^lon, took 
judljlal notic* of th« r«oord upon 5S*^iloli ih« flcal d«or»e of July 
ISf 1 L5 »aa ent«r$d, -m^ thait doere^ Itself, rh« a©rtlfi<3st« of 
«Tid«n'5« dc«» not a«t f^rth U^iat rsnaord *'or tl-;» dtsor%«. ;liil«; it 
j m&m proper for tl;« eJ^anoallor to t&te Jta^ilolal notice or tbiS r**«oM 
\ and proa$©dln/5 in ths oourt, ar^d In thd si3L7« «sa3«, !»<s, howevsr, 
havs no suoh ri.i;ht, ^Toreoyar, In the d«3res ao^plain*.! of or. this 
aT>pe**l, the aeurt stated in «x|srs«3 t«rmss that it o««3id«r©d tha 
r«cori ir t- la cnui^a and J»ard th; argu^snts of oounssl on ths 
pr«ssr.t p@ tit lor. of corsplaln^nt and th@ jinaw^r thor^-stc by the da- 
fftniart. 

Vi'e raiat prasuKJs xhnt If this rsoor?i aj-^J final d#Qr»« #§r© 
b«for« tliia oowrt, th« faotis a«t fort?5 thers&lr! would havs b^eti suf- 
fiol«r»t to A-arrart tii© wjt^rir:,,' of th*? .ieor^# :o.wplaln«d of. In 
•rrlvirs; at trda aoRoluaioti, ars ura folloislrjf, ths rul^ laid io«n 
' In th'i 33.3<» of i'-attoirgoy; ^, Northgrn Ti na-'it wO,. » 230 ill, 3'^^4, #h$r<iin 
it 1>3 eaid: 

•it »ill bs rotod thst th« transorlpt o? the r«.3ori 
Ic thla caoc isius pr«*p^raci ups^n a praaalp^ fil'?<1 toy &pp?»llnint 
ard ac?*s not jjurport tc bs & trssa-.&^ript of ths ocwsplet© reoor^l, 
asp^rfcvtly, or.ly ai jr^all porttoR of Ui« avldanoe app^ar^a t'^ 
havvi b«ien Inocrporstsd therein* in th* fJibasnoe. of & o«rti float* 
prsasrvlnr'. all the orldsnos it will be prsau??*! that thar© nn,s 
«5.irfial«rtt «vTiier^as to auata.ln tho flrs3in>r of th«* »p^>oifla fstota 
ir, thi» dosrett,* 

Th9 rtilo of ifi« »rrnouno»<i In th#5 aforssald c&nf- i.%& fol- 

lo«©d by thla bra'^ofc of tti<si oourt in tJi-st oa»« of Pattoraen v. 

^'Orthgm :ruat ;o,, i^o ill, App, 601. 






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^9 - 194."^ 1, 

poratlon, ,.' > 

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V^; Wi* JUo'^im S0i%8LA^ dell^'wre^. the or^ir.lcn of ths aoiirt. 

tMa «a3 ar. aotlc^ ot th© foiirth olaa.j in the ?.-?«« if?ip&l 
court oi Ohi.©a,s;o^ broutr'nt by th& d&fendmit in arror, h«x*e ijiaf ter 
calitsi ihe plaintiff, a,g;alr5at the plaintiff Iji arror, hsrsinaft^r 
(3All«<I th'i dofondarit, to r©oo^«r a IxaXanoo of ti^'O^^:- &11'3^^^ to be 
due un^er a .trlttew aj^rse-^^rt b®trs»e?' tn^ pialr.ilff and defendant. 

i-S3. It., De© JO,, 

gbloaf.o, ill. 

a"s a.-p3@ to a»ii. fou for tfe# avr! of five hur?dred 
ctcllars ($500) th* follo^ir;? dlcaarlbed ^s^Anhls-itry , The s«,'s 
to b# loadsa aboard oara at ' -'.ig.I.R.H.ao,, Ufel«ji?:o^ 'ill,, 
0?-j« t^silvs-indi -I, i-i. ^'ohi^aei^ atstos'stic tsngln^ clirsct sor.- 
rcdob^d. uo arie -Jaaeil ^^ >S3tz '10 K*.*;. ore hundrM a?id t^entj- 
flTS volt .=3!r!!* e-'^mplf'st'*. 

i'&ras thrts >r>.*ii-ired <3.oilarar tc fca paid at sliming 
or this centra,-?!., *r4 balR.nss® cf twc hur'<lr3f* dollars to b^ 
F-aiu wh^m er..E:lr»a asnd f.®n®rRtor ^r© t^-at^a ana found to bo in 
aaitisfuotorjr ccr»<lJ tic?;* 

olgninjf, of this; indsnturs s>^aill conBtltuta s ocn- 
tr&3t. 

1)ttcs» 3, Eyas, SCf,r.* 

'Jporj %%?^' »T,90t!*,5'-^r of tms errtracf , th* j!sf<??Jdant paid to 

th- plaintiff ^?^00 a3 8£r«si, a??d th« pi'ilr^tlff ahlppad ths »n^in« 

and f«i5^rsit.or to tbo dafQf'iant %^ aosordars^e «1th said agr«@ssf?t, 

Qr<4 tf>e »a'*'« visra dgiivsr^ci to th« <i9f<»rv|ant abf?tit April I, 19 la. 

Shortly aft§r f-.* receipt of the ?!^iicjihl>7e, tho fi^fen:1ant tasted tha 

aa-^^i ar.ji fcun^^ titat it $;»» not in a .^atlsfaotorj sonrSition, ar.i it 

thersupon n^tlfle^S tla* plaintiff, by lf»tt«x- dat^a April 2Zp 1-^1:3, 

that th£S p^a-3hi?j« ^^ig not in a, g&tic.factor^ condition, and 3tatr3-.l 

thst it wo\ild put it iR a astisifaotor-y condition ?fct th« expense of 






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th& piilntlff, rha d&fartdi^rX, sot h^^aring fros ths plal^itlff, 
tlie.r«afiar expanded $*iOO in mi8ia^,1jig t>?® ai^i-.tar® of th« gensr- 

tui?! ihs **nglne ai-wi <s^i-^rat.or to th^ plaintiff, 3<n-.l. it b?iB sine© 
ooRti^uod to opar^3tt© th<j satn® :it its pXao® of Ijuaintssa at ;.^;©ooa» 
Indiana. In ths proa^nt oa^s*, th© plaltitiff* ?»usd to r^cio^er the 
unpaid balance of $200 ail®0««-l io t># -^ua und-ar- tho acntrao* of 
34i:@, ana tho ufc-f.^nri^mt cl«il!S<j4 the right to rocoup In this ft^tlon 
th.0 Msjeiait uxp&ttri*53 in putting th© ar.ohlr.e, In a tjatiaf^iotory oon- 
dit.l0n, Th-ij oa:?e Sf&a tried t^foro tht coJsrt -i-itho-ut a lurjr, and 
th-& is:;-m©s W9r& f<r:ir.-;i against th« ^^sf^i^dS'^t a^4 r-laijitlff ♦© da:?:age5S 
ssrare aa»9a«»M s.t 'f^^'OO. riis «?-o*j!rt snt^rsd ,|t2i-!s?s«?ft <W! t?5^s- ftnain^s, 
6.«-.i tb# aef®,Kd«nt Jias s^xi^^i out this ■•srit of ^"Fsr to t^vbt^^ s>ald 
judg.^erit, 

'rh@ oourt. In finding, tor the plRi>~t*frj h^Pld as li satter 
of las, ^thit th,3 „'.®f»Rd'ar.t oould not r&omxp th« ajsotint ^xpossded 
by it In puttlr^ th'i Ksaohin© ir. aattafaotos-j-- ooMitior b^it that the 
dafendant ^^hculd ha^a roaoinasl tha «ef?ti^ot of »al?9 -"md returned 
the Haohin^ i.t fcha oarllest praotlaal opportimitf If It saa not 
satlaflsa will* ih* aaalilao.** Tht- d^fsrsdani cositeyjcig ttmt hf th© 
tdrsss of ths 'HQi-^Xr&ol tha plairjtiff «9s;pressly warranted th^^t tha 
S!ashin# souli hs ir; a aatlsfaat-^ry coMitlon «h^r> d©llvar«d to the 
defendant, and that thsrsfors It hac^ the rl^iht to raVsin th« gooda 
»slthout p^7in,r tc tho plaintiff the bslssos clue, a?5d to r^vjoap dajsia^gas 
ir. tr^o present act lor. tc tha jiSK^iait oi* ^JO for t'ls iaii breach of 
t?>o warriiJitf. tho plaintiff oonter.da ti^t tim coxitj«»ot ao®3 not 
In any 3&y sarr-'^nt the c-ontlitiof^ 6f the as^oUlTS©. 

The sole 'itieisiion for tsa to l#t .^naln^ ii4, lid the plain- 
tiff , in the aoiitr««ot, <iXpr0&Bly *«x*ar:,ait t?>s wjmdl'vicsrr. oi" t-he 
saaohln© &t tfca tis?.® of %h& dttliviHTf of tii® stats* to tfc® defoTidant? 



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It hsii ■feces* r-5ps.&i«fdif h(il<% hy our ^mpres^ Cmsrt tliat no 
pdrtiaulsr-r fcrjRi <-f ^tit-da i© ne<i«i«t«ar5r to aonsjtltwto a --ssrraTJtyf 
but it Is & ^uaiufo.'; of tja^-sriiicn, Lc- te i^iitherad fron? the sords 

U3e.-i» ani tTC:'= the i3i)r'0.,V:nrtaj5Csa ar^l aijfej^at, "^^tt^r of t>ie 0-%8©, 

fh3y<i th.* reiirasastatlan i-i pOialtiva and relji-t-i^ai t-o a is-rttTT of 

fact. It aGT-stltut«;53 a ■^ra**:^ 1 ft ?. 7 » ^'•■:Jtt ^he^rri tna r'-^r^resi^^Tstrvtlo?^. r«- 

i3t«:s to U^ut '**hi:5h ia a. iSixti^iT ^f opinion isar^il^s 1«^ io«-9 rot 

Reed v« HaatingB, 

preaont oas© feixpraasi/ pro'yid^s tiiai <.he miance of fso-'v i,? to bs 
paid *srton angiK© aiid gssaer&tur iir« t«*t.«d afKi fotxfid to be in satis- 
factory sor^dltlon," ^ill« tbc^ aiSr-0«?-ieBt is sos^«rhst cnJdely drawiii, 
fts srs cf the &plBi£*Ji tiiat oy tfct* aa.i.,i elau-^et, .txjst. refsrr©! to, 
the plaintiff e^pp®s.iiy «Farrantad that the saaoblB^t «ouid b6 in s 
eatial'sator'i'' ecri,S;ivior shan -Isli^^r^d to tte«i plaintiff, ard if th® 
pl&intiff felled to a#ilver th® m&ehi^^ 1» a satisractfjry condition, 
ther«5 wat^ a brd-»«'ih ct Uic- «=3krrArst;^- on th^ part of tri^ plair't.tff, and» 
ursder ^^uoh c.lra*ja'*'t*u«5i>«, ths dofers'JiaJit ataa not r«qi4ire:i to resolnd 
tho sontry-ot nr'^ to t^t-itm tha mac^tin€>y but baa th^ rlrht to reooup 
th-® daisag^j^H 3«&t^<.ir?*>c* by r^aaor of the fef®aoh to ths aiFOimt of |2^'>n. 

It s»?*?5 not d#r!i#d by th« pia-lritlff thai -t-h?? defendant, aftss* 
th«. r'Ga^'ipi of U'i® fs*«^hi»®# »a® oompell«t to ®x|>®f*!S |J300 itJ putting 
U;e aats'-:- in a aatlafsetorf ^ofidition, r^or -sas tt dlat>«t#-il bir th® 
plfilRtlff tf5?it th« rspnira 'scrra neo^asafy ftyk* f»rop»r uridsr t^-a lirar- 
r^mtj - it th^ oontraot coi^tainsd th® ail*iSOMi «»-rrn.y<-t?. 'h?* trisi 
oo'ort, thi^i-ofor©, mhmaM h».v« sutersd a i>4Hi«3;taerst In favor of th« 4©- 
fendarjt for costs, '"-'or ttm reaaoiss stated^ th® lTKl|?»sH5rst of the Mim- 
Icipal Jourt of ahloa??o will bs» r«vftra»ri arri a Ju-iJ^sj^int will 'b^ ©rj- 
ter^d in thl^ '^Jourt in fa-yor of th« d®f«*?i4a«it for aosta. 

RgvaRaiLD ASQ .m^mmt nms. in f.4¥cb of 



D'-L.+ F-ijIi "V bee;f 



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•?»# i ) / OOCPTY S30tlB? 

w03JP.4'-rf, s Corpora tleri, I"" 

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April •?, 1910, th® i4r#'i4ar;t es«p%f?7 Is^^st?^'* m p<?Kf<5f for t> ^ su^ 
of U»^<^0 on tfee lifs of otto T. Be»bro-*s!kl. -t?3® plaintiff &aa 
the islfe of th# ?<attl Do?;t5ros?9lr3 s«.:J tl7<s h^fmti&i^Tf tfi ths policy. 
The p&ll«y s&s ls^u«4 upor; a wrlt,t«i?n appXlsstlrn thsr^for, n 
oopy of whioh sas attaehed te ©??d jsad® ^ part of l'h& polioy. Irj 
tl5© appllsfeflor: tiiv th« pclioy oossbroe^^jl atat©^ that b« had 
si©\^ar had any di^eao© of the lungs, or iwJ^ittml <sougJi, or aplttitjg 
©r blcod: that Ite ne'9':^r l-i&d pKeu^^Qnla, pl0uri«t.Tj fei^nstiStls* 
rh@us».ati3:.'!, rlii^epef, paralysis or dyapepsim? th&t tm hail n#v©r 
been treated far alekfs^sts at any aeylu^, feespStal or £»&riiit©ri«s!? 
that he hmi n-?^ r fe^ws attendedt or tr«at*»d fey any doctor alrns® 
138 SS.S & boy, *xnd that h@ had r^t^^r had atjy illnss? siKo^ childhood, 
th« policy coniairs^-l thi^s follo^ln,^ ols.ua©i "#,11 •aiat»sfi-r?ts mada 
by tb# Irtamrc^st ^hall, \r. tha sheamaso cf frami, b® d^fswad ropregen- 
tstiona .3knd not asarrtirstios, and ro mmh atat'S'nfsi^t g^.sll s^oil or 
bs uasd III 4®fiJr^:5>^ Of a alais imiar tMa polloy imlsas Ifc l3 aon- 
t=ilr.ad in t?-© ^rltt^n application Uiarsfor, oopy ©f isffeioli Is ss- 
our«ly attaoh^d n#r9to stkI lajade a part fcareof." rixg polinjy siao 
aont&ined & provlalon tli&t a ^ac@ of tnirty-oss ds^ys »oull hm 












1^ V • X 









i-^ant«d for the p&yi3srst of ©vary pras^ium after th© first. c>n 
Cotcb«r -3, It? 11, a pr^nlUrs fall du@ artA r«!a3,tnadl tmpald 5?or© 
thiAH thirty-one dafa tb^r^after, astii '^-j %tm t^rma cf tho polioj^ 
it iapsod or ,^or@*3bsr ', H-ll* On !lovs;sb€*r 11, l>; !!♦ .josibro^altl 
'sade a ■«riit®'-, application for a rsatorattiOR of th© policy, in 
arhiaii ?i(& stated that he ■¥%3 tlisr* in aotmd health and ^eui not sinoe 
tha policy «as IssuskI fes^rj aio'? or afflicted with atnj' -aisease, "er 
b3€r» phyaloailf prey»3r.tedl froat attsiRdlng, or tmable to attsrS to 
bual'-ass, or ca^suitsd ©r b,%©n att»nd«d bf arsy phyaleian,* ihe 
appliofttioin also sorts-ln^dt tho fcllositig.? *Ar!<i it- is sxpressl;? 
ai'irosvt bf tlia urr-A«ral^«i4 ttiat if 3al4 s3©?spanj i^ratsts said rastos*- 
attorn of tha poltoy it a'lall h^ uaorj tJs-s aonditiosi that If s-^^/ of 
t:';« for?i^olr,,-3: 8tiit«m©j3t3 'b3! in tsnjr rsap^:3t wntrus iJis poilof arlll 
fc^ void.* ypen this appllOi&tion tlss ^iiof sfstis restorM* 

rh0 d«fana$ Intsrposadi by the i?^aurat?ta@ oc^pany «a^i that 
th« poXXoj sass TOl'i on acooimt of fals# atat»s«Mit3 In i^=« orl;?iRal 
applications mx^ In the applloatio?^. for a restoration cf th* B^sllaf. 

Dr» Hall, a altn^se for ths defendant ^ tes-lfisd that h@ 
tr©«t®d th«5 Injured fr^^rs April, lv09 to i«ay, li*10, for dropsy, 
parsly-sie to a 3«rt«.in estarit, and dyspsissisi that his oondltlon 
at tl's^s w«0 verj sarious; that h# se^er auoo^edecJ in cfurln.^ Ms. 

l*r, Thorp«, a aitr.^ss for tte© 4ef?^r.dant, t©3tifi§d that he 
treated th0 Irsaur^d tin *^arcb and April, li'll, for pl#urls^ and in- 
fl&si?!aitlci5 ef t^^® lining: of th© Itrnp-.a ar-! for a trs»a't>l®3C3P« coueh, 
sn-i that hfe cannot sa|f tfe&t hi* sured n\m» 

'jr* uXlX^T, & s»itr.083 for th« :©f#ndant, teatifieJ that t«i 
SS.S oonn^ct«'l ^ith the 'S&BlBf Hospital in August, 19 lit tYi-3.t th« 
insure-i ssa'-o to aaid iKiapital aa a patient or. Aygwat 10, I'll, and 
r«n^?ilROd a patient thara until August iJft, 1911, during ishicsh tlr,© 
h« «as tr0at0<l for pl«uFi3yj th-3it t^-€ Irisureti sa* trsn a^'ffering 
fros pxilsonary tuteerouiosis or aonatneption, ablab aara^^-i ths pleurisy 
thxit hi'^ ftsutuoei sBas «x&!3if5©4 ari'i »riO»«<a tuberoular >,?&ciili. 



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th& proof m @f d«a.th g«b!2it.t#<i t« th^s seispan^ ^n'i signed 
by th« fjlair.ilff, w«r§ off^rM If, f^rVl&r^% hj h&r» Th^j »how#5. 
thai Dos^ro'ssuki aiea F«brui*r? m» \9liit ©^ pleurisy and twb^rsylcala; 
tliat rjij ha.-:i ts«®i5 ijndar tra^itrtstit at th*? fii'ssl'S^- :©9plt&i for hi a lasti 
aick?5©33 fros August 1,0 to Aa^at ^'S^ lini, im-i that «hll3 th^^ra 
he -^f*?? att.«i5d#d by Dr. T. f, Ifiiiar, art-i tfmt th& viijratlon of his 

Th© tlajf^nd^it hag saasiip^ssl arsil sr^^d nmty all^i^sd ?srfors* 
in our ju.ig3asi5i St la cmly «#@©3a&r^ for as tc pa^s ypon ons of 

:siiest of th« plaintiffs 

'^■fn^ oo-urt InstruatS! %i-i^ jury that It i-^ ft^T fcfn 
to -i®t-$r=?lJ5t fr-in-^ th® @v5d«n<5@ the e^isnt of tha aiefen^ss of 

or nature as to sa^ra hla r^plf to the Ir.tsrrogatorls?? matarial 
ssiii©tat*^«r,ts« It l& for th*s jury t<* 'Sa./, frc^m th«. a'!?ld«:vna©, 
if* r-aj^ard to t^*a @:«t®nt of t^© rstitur© ^n-i kind of aiafesss, 
wh0th»>r thQ t&tta«3k -s-iiah th^ ln?»ar^S suffsre'S frojB aa« of a 
eharriotfrr to sake his a^aaar, "n^-^^r sio^: 9it*oe childhood,* a 
sisteri'ii -^tata.'^yfnt; th% arur46n of proof is sn t^rj^ l^ff^n-isnt; 
th€ oonssrij sstss lap tha dafana® anii th^ jurf nust be aatlafia^ 
fros th® ©vi4«no0 thj^t %h^ uf^tr'atli of ifca st&ts25^r;t feet 'b^an 
sstafelislned.* 

fh© >-l0fsf?,d%.nt InstmtB t.hat th^ I'-'-atrt-sotlsri la arronsoaa 
and prejuilsial far sev^jr^l rofi^on^, Ot5»3 of tha rsaaons urga<^ in 
0ur jU'igiserjt, ia ol^ari? nood, 1^49 dafsnaant ooRtcrnds that "bf tha 
aijov^ inetruiStiOR it »a® requir-ad to pre^s Its defs^sa bf ©vla^snGs 
that aatlafle4 ths Jtarsf, «*^ *>■* ^©rdi^st -ab-ould b® for %h& plaintiff, 
ana thsit thia Insts^jtottc^ lmpom#f| uptsn it a liir^.*?r <J©^©^ of proof 
tbsn tn& las rsnuirsa^. "It iat alsaya «rror fe> Ircstmst a jurf Ir? a 
olvll oaaa ir^ai the p&rty h-aTlng tbs burden of proof m\u%t fnrrS&h 
©"Tldenc® Bhilsli sfill 3ati3f|; th*- jiirj, Ajad InstraotloiPa ot thla aljar- 
6Ct«r h&v:i' r-o oft^n bsen ••sonde^SB^ that tb© palc» iss %"©1X ur^^srstood 
a»-i finsly ftstatoliafeSKi,* ^^^,^®32f:'^^« ESSijLi. ^''^'^ -^^^^ S'^<^' *^*' 
would ffi©s«; tJ5ut to r«quir« tha js^ror tc b® *gi^tlaflM* aoul^ necesa- 
ltat« r©T^>^inK tro^ his ?sind all r®asc«ablt? doubt of the truiis of 
the ta«.^t^r, it haa repe^ftt^Iy tm^n h«id by this ccurt. In sl-rll 






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03.soas, tJ!»t thf! jury iijre onl^ rsqi^lr^^-i to find fro^ a pz^pondar- 

iinoe of tl'-e 0vid®r^«?s, ^nd that to rsqi4lr® thfkt thaiy b« aatisflsd 
lapoassf & hi^,hiT a®.;tp<>«? of procf t5^an th® l»iA- require a.** Holf# 
V, «£l«^ M- -iil* 43->. It is qrjlt.a ole&r that ih© i?l%flng of the 

abc>"re InstriiOtJori e■CT1.3t1t,^3ted srrcr .highly prajudlaial to th« -ia- 
fandsmfe* rb^ Ju<l,f-s?»jmt of ths .bounty -:J«iiPt of Cook Coimtf 'sust 
tharsfor© l>-5 r«ver334 aJi'* tha oau^o r&^^.zxr-d&d for a n^s trial. 





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i-ATItlCK T. ilOBHlDK and A30IE 

AppeIlooa» / 

APPEAL FHOM 
vs. / ) 

/ ) -fllfKlOIPAL OOUat 



i 



' X 

3i.'ATi^!iss^;FT OF '?HK 0A3M» 'fhlo aaa an action of tho first 
clacs In th!f >itrtlv^ip&l oourt of dhloago, brou,fht Vjy Patrlfjfe 

T» ?i?OSrida and Abbi« laoBrlda, his wif©, appgll-sea, h«r«lneft©r 
oallfjd th0 plalrtiffa against Edgar W» Sensy arni Rowland T, 

appollanta, h®r®lr!aft«r called th«i d^fwsd&nta. fh© suit was 
brou.>;Jr.t to rsoover $5,000 damai;9a for &ll®f,®di breach of a build- 
in-.:!: oorstraot an<i a »uppl«n»ntal oor.traot thereto, 'X}\% def^ndantfli 
*«»ro buHdin?; oontraotor« In Ohioago. Xh® plaintiff *a iatat«nent 
of oliiifo ullogoa the making of a oontr&ot betfe-oen th« plftlntiff 
and the defendant s# dated May 25, 1903, ard a auppl©^«ntfil oon- 
tTiiot of the San© date, whereby the daf^r^danta agraerl to acnsjtruot 
for t^© pl&lrtlffa a bulldlrg <m oertaln r«nl «stat» looateni In 
tl'.e c!ty of cr;loa,i?o? aald bulMir.g to tnJ in aaaordar.o* with 0(»r- 
tttir. plj^r-'a a^.d !ip*<5lfloatlena adoptml by xh& parties. ■ "Arsd tha 
plaintlffa avor l^i.^t th» defondont did not •.•onsstniot and oowplat© 
suld bulliilr.^ ttfrraeably to ^mli pXare, ^r.t isp^olfioatlono ard irs 
aooordftreft isith thi»lr oald cov<»r!&nt« and iind®ratantllng» oortttln©d 
in said cantraot but theroln f^eule ^©fa'Jlt «krd ceri^triaotdi aatd 
bulldln/r. dofeotlvely, improperly and Insuff lolerstly, Ir; the fol- 
iOAlng partloul^ra, to-wlt:** (the plaintiff h«re atatesa nineteen 
partioulara In wh3oh thf^f clttin) d9f»r<danto nsttde default r iilao 
the ajEount of danstigos alleged to have b^^er. !?uatttin«9d aa to eaoh 
particular). Th® tot^l aitount of the. dasjag^is aro all«g'?4 to bo 



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rh& <i©f v«jn<Jar!ts f Had an affidavit of B-srlta \n iprhiah th«F 
li.'i'slt thii' o^ntraots Ir ^u^stlon, but, dony tnat ths ^^ald builUng 
aaa not aor:stra4Ci®d in acaord«>no© wlt^ the aai4 oortraots, plan« 
and op«(Olfloatlons# and allege that 3&td DUlldlrsg waa 0fjn®truot«s«a 
*ir5 aocordanctt with the imderatjan-ilng of tfse parti «i3 to -^alfJ oon- 
tr»ct at the tiftr3 of doing sjaldl work ewnd th« a&w® was in 0ub»tan- 
tl&l oospliano© ■rflth i?ald oontraot." '2h® «iffidavlt of n«rit« fur- 
tiior fAila?r,?>s that th^s varioua deipa-rturt*^ fro^a ih«« oon tract allegad 
by plalntiffa in their stats»?:aii»r>t of claim oooasiori^d r,o darisa^'.t* <» to 
tho plaintiff a, and ^©r® ?sad« -slth th© iioqwieao^ne® of lh9 plaintiff®, 
Th« aaae wa» tried teefor© tis® cotirt ^-^d u. ivTf, A v«^r■^3iot vsas tb- 
turn®d in f&vor of th® plaintiffs for -I^StOon, rh* plftirtlffo re- 
R!itt«d |ii440 from th® ver<ilcit» «*rsd th® f30f j^ndarsta * utotlon for a 
^ r.«?w trlt^l ««i{» cverrylad artd ,j|udg?a«>nt was antaro^ for |is;5e50, and 
thle appeal folloafed. 

Wiu SmilQB 'CCknhm d«»llv8r9d th# opinion of th*j court. 

Th© 40f®R'ianta hav9 aa«lgn«-l and «.rgia®«i a «imb«r of 

alle,^-;0cJ orroris^ all of th©?3, aava on« on th<^ qu©atlon of damages, 

of an ©str©ffi©ly t^clirjloftl anaraotar, non© of whioh go©?s to th« 

aotua,! iserlts of th^ o&o©, ©xoept the or-s referred tc. Tho firet 

or th($'4'-i cont»ntlont5 la tini'& atatsd In thair brief J 

"The* plaintiffs d©oiar@dl on &. oontraat f&r\d a oon- 
trtiot auppl omental theratc c^xsoutod vj both of th^m ar.d th© 
def«ndflint8. :h&y orff^r^l In ©vld^snoo a oontraot and a cors- 
tract suppl«'!fa«ntal th^r-^to ©xeouted bf the defendanta &nd 
Patrick T, ?'5o^irid« only, liihwn thea* coratracta «©ro offered 
in ovidenoa tJi© defemajitss objeot®<l t?i»r«to on ti'!« F^round 
th&t f-isy -^^tfro not oontraota hQV^emi th# T^artio0 to the pjuit, 
baosKuaia t"':<3y «»«r© not aLgnad hj on© of th*::> parti ©»• D0ft>n<1- 
anta* objection was ov©rrt:»l9(i by tht* oourt and tha oontrACta 
ware reaeJvod irs ©vi^ano®. Thla waa urror. rh^re wa'S & 
futal v&rl*i,no$ botaiears the oontruote dosorlb*»d in the sjtat^- 
"B©nt of clairr- ar.d t?i« ori'SS offsr^i In ©vtdo^too* notwithstand- 
ing t'r>i\t this varlano© was £-p«3ifioally pointed out, t''.*& 
oourt, ovsr th^ ob4«90tio« of tlw dofssrslantg, ad^-^d-tt-ycl the 
aa:".«! in ©vldeno®.* 

'n» tini by am ln«tiji»otion of th« r«:sord that t^© d'i:^fanci(ajnt(3, 

at thfi tifj® of tho offi^r of th® aaid contract's, a--s4« two objootiona 



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to th^s irjircluotion of tJie sarae, I'h^so objootiona^ ware tbua 
atatvj-i by Uie oounrs^lj "rhey h&v© daolared on rs oontraet «5ig!i»d 
by tho plaintiffs and 6KS<2rtJtt.©d by the plaintiff ss." "we objeot 
to ifuoh of ti>3ffl on tJ'Uii ground that t>*-.0y don*t boar feh@ slgrmttire 
of one of th<s plaintiffs." 

A® to the all^jjdd variant©, (aosuislng that by tha s&ld 
objoatlona th& dsfsadajiitsa r«ii'4t4. & question of varlano®) «lii®h 
I £5 of ooura^ protaiOfit^d upon t.b<s th«©ry that Us© oontraota of- 
fered in «vid#nos »©ro not the on©a aes^ribtjd in the iitatomar.t 
of cl&in3, .m tlnd thikt ths atattsinsiit of sI&Ibs doo» not &ll©|fQ 
that Ihs aontraotss w&r^ :3i>rn0'Jl by th^' plaintiffs. Tho olalss of 
Vftri&nc« l2! tnarofor® Jtlthout ffl»rli. 

ill© 3®oond gro'jrsd of obj^otlon to ih«f int<*c».:'5,uotior: of 
tho oantracte la aiac »lth©iut ©erlfc. The ?s«»ro fast t?int ''^rs, 
SiJearl^le <ili noi- ©l^m tli!«» oontraattj o"i.*©r©4 In ©vid*n«^ai l-s of no 
importanoe In this Q&M&, tha ovid^nao ahovts ol#ariy that sh® 
ftcc^jpt®-! and adopts i th© »/ritt©n oontraot-'S» mvl ish*!» tJ.i,©r(^for® 
asaantsci to tbelr temsa ar«'.! oonriltlorta w^td ^^% bound by th«i!?!, 
U llaporg' i:ir v, ^^i^^t -it^ ill* S^yd'i S' crthaan v, ';2ii£££» *^^ ' -^H* 

ill, 5Siit PlutBb V. q^^pboll, ia9 111. 101^ Ml®ra v. Fuller Co.» 
1^»7 ill, App, 4y, rh9 daf«»ndanta also tr«at»d hsr thrcu/?;!"!<;'Ut th« 
©Titir© trJi!->isaotlon aa a p^rty to tho oontraots. 

Tfasgi n'3«t contftfition of th«> dsferidaRts is thua ■&%si,%ml by 

thiiijr.: 

The plaintiff® In this o&i^^t Pfttrlok T, kfoF-'rid® 
and Abbi4» ?i:«jnrl4e, ia©ol&r«d on oortraota bgt««s«sn tb*:m<»@lv^a 
Jointly a?i4 the dof 9n<;l«iwita. On the trial th«>y proved con- 
treats b®twoar. .'■Sktrlak :, i^onrid^? onlf una t'^<e ..I«f'"."r1ant3, 
it thu» %pp«3ar»4 t'>at th®rs wus «& ralaJolnd<»r of pattti^© 
pliilKtiff.* 

Thli3 oonti^riilon ia prm3iioat*d upon th'.2 theory that .^rs. 

Mo.Jrltia «-asi net a^^arty to tho suit, bac^iusso sih^ <21(3 not sign th© 
oontr&otis, ■v/hat vf® have aal^i aa to tho d®f«»rdant»* first oor.ten- 
tion 41®pOi3«i(.3 of th& pr^sjQnt on©. 



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^ k\\ of th« pftparts, oontraotu, rsDt«s, ®ta,, vi^^ru' drawn 

toy th© .■a®f0'n(5arit«, and $i>aoh of th«s oontrastai r0oHt*-i that it i» 

«h.«>tw«®r5 Patrick: T. l?oHrid# and AbbUs ',f0.oTi4«s>, his wlfs, parttsfs 

of tho flr>3t p^rt# and .>0noy» Sof.era \ Ooispanyi, a partnerisblp,^ 

partjj fif t;"..Q se^sorica part.* T:h« iflo^ip'id^ai »iso ®x@<3ut®'i for t'h» 

b-^rif^jfit of th# d-sjfi-Jndttrttjj, ^rii in purfsuano^ of the t®r?ra of tha 

oontraot©» t^o tx'uat dttaKia, «ith aooomparsylng aeries of proralasjory 

not«e; the fir^t tnmt J.®8d sjj^ouring the prlnolpal lau'r. of $6 ♦50'), 

ar.; tb© seoon'l the au?^ of li»43'% ?h©«i"& papsra %®r® all slf^ned 

by -JoBritifif %tA his <i»lfQ. '.'ha ooiitraaia iser© en^cecutad In •rtupiiost.t®» 

am^ th'a flivid^no® t«n»a5j to ahow that th© dupllostes of the ooritruot0 

rets^tnsd fey tba defomhw^t® sn^v^^ s1ime.-l by both of the plaintiff ». 

X-t-i«-«fr5«iSfJ»it »lf"rslfloaatt% that tJi® dupllosteft of the d^fondiintB, 

ftcoordlra^ to tha tastlEsony of Xb.'fst def«?id!«rt 3«n«y, ®«r<5t loat# The 

avl'.tynfli« oles&rlj? ahowi® that throughout tho emtirs tranaaction th© 

d»f«*r.dii«nt8 oorsDUlt®'-! -slth and dldalt wlUi both Mr. str.d Mr»» tiOBrldo, 

'- Thfls nc-xt oont^jitlon of tha t.t<6ifiiiS)r«iiir»ts 1® thus sstated In 

th^lr brief r 

I .\ "r'hft Ttoord tnus3 jshowa th^tt Patrlok ?• McBrld» 
»a© t^'ifj sole o«!rnsi»r oi' t»"»« |,«»Mdi}«ia itf.H.'ii w^iioh thiii Inill *l- 
Inf? wj;is;^ oon»tru<3t0d« rhl® fa-ot, tojiT^thsar ■A'lti!"5 t^© rcjnnsr 
of the oonstr^ictlon «f t.h« bml^-Aing aa dlecioa^td by tii© 
r*oord, piao^j'l t'Mi lo^^.&i tltl« to th« bulldln-? In Pc*tr1ok 
?. '.■.:Or;rl(Si^? Abel® ''o-irldi.' oo-pialntifr, havlnt^ no legal 
vltlfl or .lnter«!»t n^hatsoov^r In the lot upon -^blch tha 
tnjll'llr/? .8-&3 oonstnjotCKi t»ai-!l;i h^v© no i«i>gal tltlo to or 
lofiftl ln*'-«'sr*^iait in ths buiMln.sr it©©lf. f<a,vlri^ no l^f^a.! 
title or Irtordsac in «!(tw;n:»r lot, or th« bulidiw: aonatruot- 
ed th^rson under th» oontrtaota !n quest! or-, ^)-i«9 sKOUld have 
no rlK^st to ■n't!nt;iiri vn i^otl '"'n alth'r In hor own na-^^* or 
jointly with P'Strlok r. ;'c-*rld# for da"; a ?-'■©« for falL'-ro to 
coriftri}:'-*. thiis buildlntr aooor'Jlr!,>r t.o Vr^fn pXm-^.^ a*"?!! ap®olftoai- 
tlor.s, bao&us© an« had no l«#;;al l3':t©r<j;'it In th® aubjeot- 
rsistter of th'-;* oontrevor!^/, '-lO'* o^itn It be loi-^loally wjaintaln- 
Qd that AbbiQ 'Jc.yrldsi* tee suatalined at^y «;ia't*ai";3s» b^^ raasor of 
any fa5,l'ir«? by the 'i@fo?v'ant to ar«ct a i-fulitUng Ir- »hloh ch« 
did riot tin;i c-ouid not Sxi*ve arty lejrial lrt«r<i*at thert^jlr. what- 
ssofiver? If sh<r> had no tltia to t-hs bulidlnir> a>;j aor.«trucst'Sd 
or r&si it s,v?vould; havoi by-^n ooTiis5trv.ot«>d, shai certainly aua- 

It la «, Eiivff lolent iarawer to t^.la ootitertion to »&7 tbat tb.s 3®- 
for.dante, by ti^«lr oon^Juot in t>^o pr<inisda, r®oognlz»d tbat 'ra. 



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MOisrldo had aor.© right - IsgaJ or equitatela * In iha property 

In qU9»tlon, &r^ th&y rfill rot no.^ b® h©iji.rd to aaa^rt t5iat ahs 

had no lrit€fi;*5f3t if» Ihrn awfo* 

Th® nis-:«t 00R*^«#r*tior of tli© aafsndants 1® thuo stated 

In th*'r brl^ft 

"At th^ji 'jioss of all th® evldono* zh& defendants 
mov0.i th« oonFt t^ In'str'i'";* th® jur:? to find tha l«3,3U(Sin 
for th©i5, on ih* 3P'.*«ifl{3 ground tJmt th?) rocord 3ho»ad 
th&t the property i.rpor» shiijh the building In tiiu«.'?!tl;>n wh'^ 
con c true tisd, <*nd thi& building Itseif, wiia th» i4cl<? prop- 
erty c;f !'atrlo^ ?. to:jrl<.\-s, rh** reio«-i not onl? fall« to 
aho--. a Joint rljght of r«J00V'^ry In th® plaintiffs, but. it 
fi.ffir'^'atlv'ijly fipmtx'^m *hor«»*::y th^*. AtJbl.i* ■"'«;'r1d'a hjid no 
lo^ftl tltlo to, or interest ir., tna* subjoat-ssatter m oon- 
trcvornj". It, th-^^^v^**^ r^llow^s thrv*, t>ii^ '!f>tjrt 'vr^^si^ In 
ov«rriU4n': l«f erxiaj^.ta* ?30tlon to Itistrwot t?io jury to tirsd 
%h& X^:xix&'P- Tot t-hit-n^ •m'n*t th© 1'il,";p''3r!t ''t'^Io'-? '^ar.r^Ctt ba ©u®«- 
tainoii** 

Whsit ■**» hiav© a&id aa to thi* d®f«ndants* last oont'sritlor. disposao 

of t>:ia one, 

■.'ho <i«f«ndant» nest oontend that th© oourt ^rr®d In ad- 
aittln^? In «vid«5inat»» ov«r th«lr obJ^ctlOKi*, »«y®t5 or tho speotfioa- 
tlojan, or th^i ;:.round tb&t. thar*> app<9ared to hj&vs bter alt«r-°ition», 
oorisJlfcitlnf. of Int'srllneftfona end ara»ur«0, In thss jsarss* It is 
fi'uff!,oi«»int to «&•/ in smsi'a&r to tM© cci:t®nt:lon Uiwt th® ^vMono© 
ol®»rly shOTi^s thr?.t th« dofend&rsta w®r« not injure*! "by Viv^ aliased 
ehan;:7,«a, ro satt^r -^hsr} cr by whota thay w*5r^ 73adc», ()r<is oJi!*ng<» sao 
b»R©fioliii to th^ d<9f«sndants and the oth<»ra reade* no dirfer^jvioe 
whatevtir, 

ihe d»f-?r/itir.tfi8 r«xS. oorster.d tliat s-he darr*^©© awarded tiy 
the jury ari» ©5r.oess«!v0: thu.t the v*^rdlet "•«?>.© ®1th'':«r t^^-* r?»ult 
of pussion or j>r«tJu4io» on th& ?>a,rt of tne J'jry.» or th«>lr ""Isoon- 
oaptior of trf£» evid©no« ard th^ .lfi,» f-.a fdv^n to t*!®^ ^y ?.h8 oo?irt, 
and uTiiii s'sot our*:i t-y t^^ ronittltijir of practloally onu-half of 
%n& vt^r-lot." 

It 1« clear fi^cra th& cvldenois the.t th«» araou»^t of tr.» \»©r- 
dlot is i® not supported by tlv.t proof, but *-* oo not think ic cArj b® 
fairly »®ld that thlsi 1« a oae© «h«re puasion or prejudice plaf©d 



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fcny part in tr,@ asjj«sa.Ti«r,t or th« da-raages hy tho j^jry. The 

oni^ qubstUtn to a«tfi»r?5.in«« ta, oar the dl»f®ndant8 fairly ocTaplain 

o; unc s.'.our,t of thd JwdgJasnt 9nt®ra<l by th& trial cottrt* The 

aafendants a-i'-lt that th® following lr!ist.ruotlor; ,^1.v«>n to th^ Jur^f 

by u.'s court annotirwed th« tro® ra©{&sur?« of da'-'a/fes Ir the mm&t 

**7hs Gourt in-atruGti? th© jury thftt if foxx boll®v® 
fro*: !•■)<} ©vidono3 t^--it thu 4<*.?(&;"i.i&uiid f.illad co ooD^^truct 
th'S tsull ;in£ In queatior. aooordlng to the plana ons! sneoif- 
i^atlons, ay f.;:ir nij Vho s,*?;.*? h-ja b-j®'-" tino«rn ny the avi. Jf^nc©, 
ti'.«;n tn«> -r.tsaMiro oi' thu uawa,d:<» Is th© '.ilff .!r9'''3§ b^twean the 
yal"jt> of the ■builcMn,^? as 3on3tn.;at*Ki and tha valu« oi" th* 
bulldlr./r iiG It eouJid hav© b«»»n oorsatryot^d, if It haa been 
oontitr^j?^to4 a,0 5or \l':-);: to the pl*s.<-! ^ -^vl -^lysciii'ioationa axowpt 
In-acfiir &<? any ol" th^ provialona of Ui«5 plans and ap«>ci?lca- 
tlOT?.a mi&j 4>'\**^- '.HK-m «r:4.1v«»5 Isy tli:» pl^tisi.lf'i'iJ norain. If any 

»« iimX frori thgj 0^?i4akno« that tlm ssfitnes^ '^f^hrarein, st contract- 
or -an-d i>uiia«r of twenty ys^^rtJ* eisp^rleooe* tsatlfl^d th^it th« dlf- 
fen^r.cu betws^«»!. th»;j vuiue of th^s toulldlRg aa oor^»tnj©te<l|> and th« 
valuy ui' t>i,; builtliiriif^ If it h^a b®:yn oorsatniotsd according to t.h© 
oontraota, »a3 ^;2,?>i30» rh© wltn«3€i k^lahop, ar? aro'Mtaot of twenty- 
four ye^ai'S* tifXpfori*3no«, plaood tl%9 fliff^rsroe at #2,935, ■■*oth of 
tHoco '«iUt*©®«*» tssstifled for th» jsifiintlff, 7h® def andante did 
rot inirciiuoo ^riy sviii«rio«:, t«&ri:ng or. t-'-n?.* qis»silon of da*';af,@a, 
tr»e.t w*t |si<f:41eaie4 upon t;« * ult tJu.= t the- c^f-andarita no;? conosd© 
tc cv tf.f- cciroot 4^n<». 'il'.>* ec-uri, In lixlrg tii<i> (J^araagoo, too^ the 
fi,>?ur*«?i of vimArttfd>ir!, thui^ ^l^ing, tha aafenaar/v.® thiJ l3e»n<»rit of th9 
lc!««3iuL &&tl3aat» oi aa.«a,)(<.ott i|>r9»iiioat«d upon tho c:orr«ot rule), 
sno».r,. by the prsof smd entore'l Jttdfitaont for #2,5?5f?, Th« defor^darsta, 
•xperisTic&u. r^n Irs tn^ building; lin«, aia not oa*> fit to introduoe 
proof t-^ ooj'.trovsrt th® t«j*tlJnony of a'ohrareln* in ©nt^ring Judg- 
»mnt for gia*S?-<"^» thorafor#, tb*s» t?ourt adaittodly followed tht? trua 
rula or tbiS maa»ur« of daa^i&gwi^ «*',d Is© 6ao6pt®di tb© ovi'tRsnoe, bear- 
ing upon the q>i9®tion, rrtoat favcrjibl© to th© def'^nlants. Under the 
law and und»r the proof, th« court would net hav*? T3«<»r jusittfled 
In entering jud«^-:ior.t for a M;:-£4lltir amoimt. 



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T^-)^ d*8'f-t^nd^jrt.T n-*::* <5orrt*i^d t!mt the oourt t>rrtd ir a.l- 
eittlr-s th« tr^-.tlnony of i^rs* '.H'^Hpida (©^<§r tb©.tr objtv'^tlori) on th« 
grour... t}i.^t ;$bcj *^a* K^t* v^fB of PAtrlc>: T, HOBrld® flindP. #aa fht^r®- 
for^ an inoomp«t«?r»t k-I tr?.»*»„ Thlm allf'r'Sf?^ f>rr-f.r In ),jr-&d?<fat®';]. upon 
tn« th.'Ory fchal L'rjj. llcBrld© w»a jio^- a pFop^r p«.rtf to th%& suit. 
HheA. W'> 5iav« ttlre^.iif f<«ald or this ^•'|U^rj*.4ort iJ n. suffidi'-ivt smow®r 

th-a i]«!(fend:mi«s 0Dr,ten4 %hi^t n oart^ir? sitats^^^wmt of the 
trifcl court. ■*<?•!$ pre*!i'ri?,o\!»l «'o t>i*' <''.<9.f©rj'-*antia. ^hlla :'t»* Mcurlde 

to put .Ui ary rti'bii»*'tal*"' The -lourt! *Thl3 wo'-^n t«'vtlfi#>:l on 
dlreat #xficsinatlcu-i V:iq.k ssh^ hnd nlgnei th.-it contract*" rh© dafend- 
ajit.-a ooRtand tha''. ths «jtat9ffl<*rit of ihis co^^rt was wot Ir aooordario^ 
alth th© avlloncs* and '-saa projufiiolal to the d^fordanta. ^Yithout 
O0T^09(ilr;>r, th^ clai.-r! of tJna dftf^undant® ti^*t the oo'Jtrt tslaquotftd the 
Qvld*5i'';oe of ra, .ioHria©, It %?i &. »iuffJ<5lont a-r-a^rer to th^ oontrw- 
tion tc ®ay that It a.p^.f-^r'ji frc?^ th^? record that tho daferdanta riad© 
no cbj^otlon to t'*i^ at-ite-wrt of th«> ao!^rt| nor have th^y aaiaijgyiod 
a>^ y arror on tht? sarss, 

vH' fmv® pjitiantly imd carefully oonaider^d tho varioua oon- 
terflon^/ of tho A^S'WiCtxt.Ut ^ ar.d w« h«.v«» referr®^! to &U of th»tB In 
thl0 cplTiion. Cn th© msrltf. of th^ o««», the dftfain'iarita are without 
a a©.f-:.nae. -.-heiy h^Ava ha^l a f^alr trial, and tn^* {VTROimt C th© Judg- 
ment I'A a,t' low au thay oouid poeatbly sate for, undor ths ®v:<deno« 
&nd zhts la.'* In {Mi*,* v;a.-«G, ".''b© .Jtn^vgw^^T^t of the vanlolp&l Oocrt *iH 



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F^^AL iaPlt^V^l-l^ mm?Ait'^4 ^ OP CKIGAIC. 

'W;----''' -^ ^, ^'^^ TT (^ '" 

in this f.furtI-ji|}»X Ctowrt of v5hioa?o, Ir ar, ac-x-lon of tb* flrat 

the plttlRtirf, against the F^^yal l^at-r^vsEsent CScr^^ry, «? oorpop- 
atSor:, appellant, h«r«ln;iftsr <3%11*-? %h.9 d^f^ndant. ?h» pljiJritlff 
saa ar er^ploi-e of th« deror.dant "-oispiany, an-'l olalms that bjr t!b<a 
tsrrtJS! cr rsis naployr.ant, h® wa» to reosl'^'a a *il£»ry of tl?- psr 
isontb *inrt 5S l/r* por cent, of the atfaiUHl net profits of ths pav- 
ing and sid^wallt depaptJS^its of th© defer^awt ccrapany, rh*» plain- 
tiff aa-r^iis that ha r«©slv©l froa the defendant 1150 ssoRthly, but 
bo elaiaa that; r^hs r»®t. profits of the sai'^ pavir^s; and 8lde»allr de- 
p&i'ti,t»«^ti* for t>;& y#s,rs i'i?07 ai^ 190B aggreK&tQci t-SlS.sn: that h« 
bau rjut rssoeive-i any portion of tns ears«s and that in the latter 
p&rt of JuTiv* oi^ the early part of Jul?, 1^0?, at hie request, an 
aocuur^t 3t&t<&d aaa drjter*d lr=to b«t»«ern th© plaintiff and th© d#- 
t'Siv^Str-.t^ throui^.h St» ir&ii&aitirdr» i^serebf tarn anmial net profits of 
the jsaici ii€p&rt?ri«,nta for t3<6 ye^rs 1307 and l'>m? srare agrs^ to b© 
|©B.$,Hl, asd t&At tli© i&KiCimt due ^ho j>l&iMbii"f was agreed to l^e 
iikyk^^4ii» zh'Jt auit %'iia brought, lipon ari i^aeouTst stated, to rscGirer 
t>'t5 v^aid j!^icunt> ..itb intsfr^i^t tlmT^on f?o?9 .iiy^^ij^ i, i^Q^, 

rfe-?ci-»«.-3. cf the ■h.5.cfr\*r:t. It Itf c^; jtsisoOM^i&ry forf Ui£ to rafsr to 

»ij0 <??;fftrrtt&nt evffcvr<^d to sho^- thi-.t, t-B.e plaintiff arj-i ita 



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gross jy'li'.take In ««ti!!Uit3,ni;i: th» earrln,i?;s of tho pavir.? and aide - 

walV .lepartr^jnta for th® ysara 1907 ayjji idos, «ind th^it aa a result 

or thlt^ KiletaVre, bcth partlisa suppossed th-ii tb» t.feO dspartajontti h*l 

made n^Jt proTlta for th© «ald y»ara of ^8315.^0? thafc &i; a nsiatter 

of fjiCt no profits wor-Ji r,ade hj thaaa t.^o d«piirtra»nta durir.j?. the 

aaid yes.ru, und th© -i^fcjTKia'-t contends that t'n© oourt oor'-rsitted 

rovorislbld orror In «xoludltS;s th« daf@?idant 'a offer to aho.t that 

the aooour;?. tit&tv-ij »u«5 the reault ©' the «ai.l 'niat&v® of fact. It 

appoarsi? fre^a the rooord that the rtafsndflmt'a 3tafca^'^=nt aa to ltd 

offer ari ■■ t^9 action of th-j trial court in the prts-nlaes la corroct. 

The la» rQv«r binds Si pferty to an acoount atetel theit la 

ahcwr. to b« unjust and to n&vfe oc^'irre'J by rtd^talro or fr»uri in tli6 

Is 
aa 1 1 i •..' -fior t ot' th<* ease, Vmlle itji^tb© la* of thlii state that 

wliere pArtl».^ aft»»r a full mncl fair opportur;it7 of ©xaffiinin,«r »n.1 do« 

eidln^ upor th«»ir '^rsutual acoourttia, hftva adjusted ani ««ttl9d th©T?, 

thte la* will r;ot pcrr;?lt a dslibaratC' sattl«mant thua a^d® to ba r^-» 

opened, (f?xo«pt upon th<5 alearest avldono© of fraud, or nlatako In 

the i3ottl«*'^or<t, am the burslon of provirs; fr'.ud or r-tstal^e rests 

upon the party ai^a^irting t'lo e&^^se, attll, it I*'' alao th^; law tnat it 

is always ailcwabl® tc ahoe th&t an 8,oaour.t *?tatM was mflKlo undar a 

misappr^'hwRslon of th«» f^ots. i'lio d©f»ndant hiid a olft/ir legal rlrlit 

to Kho-', if it fjoul , t^iat the all-^rod »ooour.t atatod waa JEad« by 
the- parti-3 «hll® f'i^y wer» laboring under a ^iata'zc of faot aa to 
thi^ astual aamlngs of the dopartrnents in queatlor for tl;<« years of 

1S07 a-nd XC'OB, If, %a u matter of fnat, there wer® no profits JSSMie 

in tn©9e t-*o depfArtn!«nt9 for thoa® y^sars, tlum it i;?* olsar that the 

aooour^t wtat^d wf.\i» tha remjlt of a mutual I'aietake of fact. -^9 ar© 

aatlafittd thst thy trial court oo^r.'^ittsd revoraibl* orror in ref^ja- 

irsF, this d«fer.dar5*w aji opportunity to prova th^j off«r in ^juaoflon, 

and Lh© Judf^isent of the ^4urlcipai Court of Chicago v.uat therefore 

a rev'^raed and th.« oau@« r«!^»iT<l«d. 



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wm* / ) cimmir corn's 

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&!^mx: X, mtmhmifh ./ ) cook mmtt. 

This af?p-»al \a prc»a-^ut«»A to rsjv^rss© i& ,}«dgjRt«r5t for 

:,l?r>.-'*o?>, r<3'*«^'v«r»d In th® .ilrsjiuit court of aoofe County toy %^& 

pra«t.l«>ing ph.^rssiolan «^sl ft^yrgo-on In th» city of ahia&go, and 
V59 ault was br«>wu.-;|a to reQi:^-vw for the i«,ll®i^M 'saljsraiotloe of 

ttpor. t>^8ii plialifit 1 f f , The 0»i3© waa tried te^for® a oourt &J14 a 

?he op^ratiOF! «aa p«trforr»4wJ on Jarsuary 4» ISO";?, "'he 
uteriia, t^--® ri-c.ht cviiry imtwI tubi* arKl a ««ao on th«j i^ft ovary 
•<»«ire rifc^r.ovavit Aieo t:h« at>p*wiix, i'h« 4«af<»n£3:ant al^o repaired 
a^P(»pln*»i-jn'<Sfeua«fc*S b^ oMIdblrtli smdi r#??5ov»d hwrnorrhcldas* The 
1 piaJnttff «lal»3'^'' tfmt the .iftter^lant* d^rlrsc?? th« opsr&tlon, in- 

I »«*rt&4. a c^»rt«s^in oleo^ of gtmz^ In the plaint iff 'a vaf.lnat and 

\ that hn falia-i to r^sjov® til© aa«®» arul that h© allos^'i It tc ro* 
m»lin Ir, th*? plaintiff '3 feo-iy for * loni?. tir?»# (J-5 da^s)? th&t h« 
dlao^.ar>r&d the plaintiff frow hla oar© wttho>j:. r®r^ov5m th» gaua© 
or OAv^jaln.':- this a*?-?© to ?.'« ro?^ovffi«l* aJ^^i without Inroriftlr.;- th» plain- 
tiff of th# ip(r»i3«r.o« of the fi?aa3« In h^r bodv? that a® & direct 
r*«ult of th^ ij®f«jrjciar^t*« fs^iluro to re!fn^ov« or «aii»«s to b«5 r®- 
^■v«4 th® !?:»»«•, It iMSJfcas^^tf rotten *twi putriil, »n^ V\& pl»l«t1ff •« 
h«ftlth m*-« a^rioualy injured th«r<>toy. 






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hussbandt was t* © ahl^f lRS»?>aK3i.or of tb« »ara« cowpasy,^ air^d th© 

hu«fear,d» *^)-<» plaintiff, in a>ooerdaroe «.l^h th® «a»f«nda'^t*» 
ordere, wa.*^ ta^^-i^n to tfe« "onros ..vtraal ■i-oaplta.l i« ;;?';laa,s^o, on 
i^AOeiabar i*.l, r=''>l* The d«f«n?iar.t »a>3 t1«i pr«eid&nt- of this noa- 

oonr.«cte3s3 silth t'i« sM!v-^a, ''h«!j h^^KsiHimd of th« plaintiff t*»»tifi»d 
that ihc< <S«.rencia.??t r«ferr«v-t to this fioapital as "^iiia ©sm prlvat® 
hoatjlt&l," i^h^-«Mkl4-^ iiu!si3««3d alao t«@tlfiSHfS ^«s,t th» d«f«*ndant 

A, 

a,-':rc»ti to p^T^'ora? Urn op^ru.tiem «r'.l to loo^ aftfi»r the plijkttttlff 
P^raonaai^ stftor th« operation* f.h« d^f^rsclart tastlfl^.-J that hw 
tt.rr«®-4 to pf6rf«rs> th« ctpi&ratlor p=!i»r3€>riaily, but that n©thiin.«: iinn 
ttifti-3 by @lt}?fcr th^ platlntl.ff *.3 hvi»fc^«d or hlm«^if ass to ti^® o»r« 
c tn© j^lfctrttff aft«r l>t» op->r&tior3, ':yw d^faridant ©«rfor?i<sd the 
c?«ratior, *»83lated b^ bt. ir.t»m» eeid a; houa© physisla?) oonnoctod 
istth lh0 -«»^ hesepltal, ri^a plaintiff r*?8Jatn«'l Sr? tho howrtltal 
until .-dbruary 1, l^'--'> ariion .^^Ivd mm 'ilaws^mrfir^. the ^ftferidant 
sd-rlv/'^that 3i© trs«rt«Kl ft ple^® of jtau*© in th«» plmlntlff 'a vagina 
at th«a tlm® of th» o|»6ir«i!ar5, b'^^t h*5s lnssi»r.t'is'' that ht» r^rovad the 
aaa« ^ftar tha «o*5pl^tlon of th« oi^erattors* Itte plalntirr t<j3tlfl€Ki 
tb&t no E^uz» »a» ©v**r plaoo<l in hBr bod? by ainjron© after f-^.n IXrt^ 
ct th« e»«rritlon. 'Ifm ■lefe-r'aant Introduosd i-i-vld^no* t»rKjlr^ to 

•how that, sift'vr tiT.«t opsraticm in qusstlon on® of* th© t*e XxSt«»R«« 

ant 3 

SOM 9.&&l£ftwx Xr. th» typatratlor? piaoad gaus^ss 1-* th« iw&^^lTia of tne 

pialntlff »M1«. aho wfsj'S In th® ho«plt»l* it la not dian-ut®*'! that 
on Fwfeni-ajry i.^'^lh. Dr. rlyd^ re^^o^^ft a pt«o« of r.^ixz^s frot^ th« irtijgltia 
of tn^i j>lsiintirf, ancj Umt th« »a^-ne «ra» p«utri<l ana hs^ an ©xo«edltnji!>. 
If btt4 ©4@f»» ^s#-tMr«--9ati3fl94, aft«r & omreful^^x&aslnsttior; of th« 
♦vl4«!i50«^ that the s&u«o r»^''©v«tl by Dr. Hyd» or i-^ehru^ry iv'-'th wao 





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lh» ft®-^* tnhai «as pl!S»^«<i im %h» vagl'ra of thai pl4ijintlff tiy ih© 
d«f(»r--iiant Tit U># tlfs® ©f tn« oo^ratlor-, 'T,rh^ Ui^ory of th«« plaln- 
I tiff in th».it t?"*i3 {i<^f#n4«nt agr®®<i not anXf to p^rfor^'^ th# «^psjr- 
: sitlon, but t0 j/lv« fh*? plairstiff hi^it p*rDOn»J o»r^ stj'^ «,it«intl©n 
aft^i t?t« opwrattcm* TJ^si fensfcirif of th« 4»f©r}4^^t H "that h© si^gpoed 
to al*» "i^^** plfelntllT J-ila p«r3or5ai o»r# a?^ attention only st« to 
the oj>®p&tiant ai'rui tXiat h® "ii^net r©«if:»©r5a<l>l« for any oons^qn^nQUfH 
tC! th6 nla.lr.tlff oaourrln.-t throii/>^jh ti Iskcfe of c^rc afrd att«jrtion 
tm y.v<* p&rt of others aft«r t.n<9 c'p«>i*atim'5, 

. ' '^ 'rte« iv-lafaifitlarst flrat cj<»»"':tftnd3 that *th« trial 4>ourt ^rr^d 

in d<&nftm^ 4«f«5rul«r5t*^ r«q^;»Siit, m% th^ oflmcly«lo« of plaintiff *» 
etvidan^tt ajbd iit thd oor^alualon of ail Um oxidants©, to ir<3tpu<it 
tho jyry to return » v^PiUot of tjoi fjullty, and in refualn.^ ii«f<^ni- 
ant*« srltt^n Isstruoiion «rfe«»n tiind^p^d to that «ffoot. .i*ld ac- 
tion »hot!(l V. hfti?^ b*«n sr«rjt«4 art:* mkiiX inatruotler* shoulit ^»v« b««n 
glvsin, fcsr tne follotfinf"!; r«sfe»onaf (i) Plaintiff fftlls<s t© |»r«v« 
bi* & pi^|Km4«r5'«':d« of th^ evidenoa tfeat tis* 4«f«rKl»r»t Issft thd giaiis© 
In plftintiff*a bo<iyi (. ) Plaisratiff failed to |»renr» tlmt thf« ataSt- 
n©»»«Ks, pitlTJ r^nd .A«ff«rir?g ^-';li*ti »J3i« •3u«tain»d aft®r th» oparattort 
«or^4 o&u««t4 fo-^ tb(& pre»«mo® of ths^ $iTaii«a« iti ^«>r body,* ^© to point 
If it in mifti-Qinynt to miy th&t «i:i«»r«5 & trial ootjpt |»a80®» upon & 
RotloR tor a |>«r»?sptorsf tratni^sticm U-v© £|u®atio« ©f th« pro?*<?n(S(«f]r- 
ano« of th9 «»i«rld«r!0» do»» not aria*? at »11. bi bte s^» •j foHail l % ^il,^;^ 
V. Oo@lc _,_ i':4ia ili» s^^O^**. -A a to point i.> «?<# ai*» ©ttil»fie4 that th© 
»videno« of tii«. plaintiff temfl^d t© prova tfiMt th0 »9S.<»*«rj»BS®»3, pai'n 
ard auff^Hn;*? whlsh sm& ifsuatain^ii aft«»r th® of^ratloR «®r«? o&u»»a 
by th& faet Wsat ttia g«.u«a «fta» «kll©w«di t© rinsmin Irt b^r t?cvdf fcf 
an un»ttrr&nt«<i p«srlc4 of tltse. 

Th« ^«f«ri4«tt^t n«xt oent«n4a that th® aowrt «rr«»<i ifJ .?rlv- 
In^^ to thi& JIury, &t th« lr.«ta^r.o« of tb* pl&irtlff, ln«truotlon» 



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"1.^1 tdu are further ir-satruote^ that If you fe@ll0v« 
fr<5^' t5-:.«i «v}'4®no« that thd yiaintiff^a JhsviSban-t," aotlnf^ for 
h«r, er^pAoy-ed dl®f«ir.-di*.nt io ofior^t^ npov. her^ ard to *iv?i 
hfjr htii |!it-?r ■■cn&l &tt«:ntlc)n &nc. a«,re( aft«ar th© or?«rai.tlor!, 
th^' ««fo-Aa-t aooaplwA «u«h ^5!5|3lC!3rr,*r:^, and 0nt«r»d upon 

ftftor the optsrafeJon*; Irt »sc ffir a*' auoft {itter^tlcn g^rd (3ar«» 

at'iOi% /.nd thifct If h»;; ^©iQr.fit^^l th© a'.jt'S' cf oeirinf: for ani 
attend^ n.*; to hi^r to oth«»r»» ^ni sru:jh others n'^.-^^eoi^'l to -'Iv® 
h-er V'-:B istteniior! ard oar® ¥hi«>"; mvxh op&r?*t.to?3 s3a;i# reason-- 
^ abiv r.e90iijdi'^rr» ^r-i **h;4.t. S*' th^ plalvXlft, «lt,^,out fault or 

dlUiE*«i8d p&Xti &r^<l ^tff^rSn'* s*s >m re.^ult of stue-h 'n«»,til/^»n«« in 
tam-m^r &n^J. f<-.raf s^-a ohjar;^,«d ir her 4«ol?ir!&tton, tJie dsf^rdA^-t 
alii fe« ll&blti for >a.-fttttsw0r ilsy^ui;?^ %h'& plftir.tiff su3tal»i®cl a^ 

"(■') ■*>}?> Qffurt ir.atruou-i the Jv:nr th^it th« pro.f?»5S- 

0ior:js,ii isisrvtooa of a s^jr^Jalar n,n<i &isri^i:>n ar* of a pereor^vX 

€>c?|Jl05r and ava^l hlfS'salf of t^«»'e«*rviO(r<!» of aa^'latisnta ar4 

to ponde-r per^on&il'/ td hi® p«kt,l#nt? an.d If yosj b©ll0v*>? fro»! 
tns^ ev3.iaf?!no9 in thi» oaa<» insat tha plal'-tiff ©^ploymi t*;«5 -1©- 
f©n<i*irU to pwrfor« a ©tir^'icstl operut'Jon upor; h®r p^rsor!, ar.d 
t?mt th@ (i«»f''m46Ki «>7cpl©7«<i sur.oUi^ar p^r&or\, or d^l^^g&tcs^i to 
1 ancth»r ptjrsor? & psrt of th«* t^iistl®© ^evcivlr-g upon hVnt ttm 
I dof«n;;ei.r?t, p*»rsjora3.iy ts p^rfors?^. In and al>Gut %h& %r&&t^'^r\% 
\ of t?>»? plsi.lntiff an-'i th':) oara of hor jswrKorj w^yatsisartly Ir;- 
oldentai to mmh 0ur..--lejil opi^rattoii, asnd th»t «u<j^ perwor? ao 
«-'^5>lojr«'i by ih(© si«(i*ti»n.'5arit <5r lao <S#l<*g«*t$4 hf hlrn to perforra 
»n?5^ dutt«s-3,> t^«r,ll|5-©'^tly p«rfor^<3i1 su-jh t?u tl&a, i%r>d that a® 
w, IJreat oonso/j-a^roa thwrftof th© pls.lrtlff »w®tn''ne!S atn-l awf- 
f&p«'.i Tro':^ a.iK>.h n«>gl,l?i0nt p®rforr;»rj5a t?i« lnj!irl.<5»4^ *ll<*^,#d in 
Imr tleclHri-itlcr,, tn<sn th© d«*f «jindtt-- 1 Ir auoJi oaisis aicul4 be 
Itablfe tc the plair'tiff for th® r.^Jf.llF.e^^t aots« if auoh thi9r«- 
w«rs!, of S'ash p©r»<>n to isfeios he ^aldgs-.t'scxi the psrfor'-'«mo«» of 
hi a p©rsK>n&i prof»«sssion*ii. dutl^n*" 

iht;- >l«fs;niisnt o.lal'':3 iJmt tfiOi^e ln«»trustio»>ii tol;! t)ie jury that, 

*t':5s d«f^n<i!&r.t «ii» itablts for any aot p®rfor®«d by on« of th<® 

boue<^ phs^stoLmiB »-hU» tJiKi pX.&lntl'"f v«k» In t?s@ Hospital* «^«n 

though t-'« lootor waa net pr#««mt at the* ti??;'© au«h »«st »&3 p«r- 

f©inK«a, *n5.i «v®n though such &ot «i!»a r^ot ur.dep tJi«i ;llr<sotlof5 of 

yp, i£oufr5.««r» in othor ^ord^t V^** oourt Inatruota-i txr^; |ttrf ttv«»t 

the hoy«« ph^ii'Slitna »e»r® th* ser'^&rt® of Dr. ^^otifflsur, ssrKl that 

■ne wouidL -•«? p®»protisibl« for a.njr wot of n&!f,Xig^<i® on Vneir part," 

Th© hU''^.b»«<i or the plaintiff tfflBtin«*.i that th9 d»f«T*^.i&>^t aj^»«d 

to tafe® thi> plaiTsttff to hl« om prlvat<a hospital *«'i to perform 



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tn» o|s®rs!.ttcm |>«si*«c^n*lly, m'i0k to Iooj^. «a.ft®r th3 pi^tintlff, •! 

cf ::.£r» Cosran.) It le el#&r U"»*r«for« that ther<-> Iss ©vidfi'i^^oa In 
t"-'?!! record ter-silnf^ to prov« tJ'*t th© Jl^f^ndimt, bjt' uipacial cor<- 
traat, af-ra^i to irivtj to th^ pl&tntiff hla p®raor;«.l osur* &r'i att.<m- 
ti*.:!n after ■.h& operation had b^on -p^rf^rig^d, a?^d Instruscstion ?!©• 
6 la f*r«'-^i<5'a>t,@il upon th.l«s t.':«!i'-ry *5f t!^3« «(Vld.$rC4s. it atat«;? a 
43«rr«?5it TOls of !&•*«, ;sr4 It «aa wo|>«r fer th» o«>urt to filv© th« 
In^itruotton, u*id«r tho e^l40r!<5« i« tile's <j3ia«, Ir^wtiniotio*'? lio, 
'? aitals'sj a 3e?rr®st r»il« of law,, snr.-l it ^^b prop^sr to 3?1t® th» 
(iitW'it urvi4©r f.i"j«* ©'v^4«rfa® in tlM ©its*®* g.v; A;a*3rio«i and >5rj^llsh 

rafu®infr, to gi'sr^ to tl'i^$ .tttrs?, at. tli® rt.-jueiat of ih« d#ferKiant» 

" (2) th« court In'sstrimtiS tJi# jury timt If jou to«t« 
Il^jve^ fro«s ihi& 0vivl©no# in thi& oa*® that ©O'-j* sersjors 
oth*5)ir tb4*r. ,^r# '>ourri«iJP» o^rri not In Ms prf»®«tr®a or 
unds^r hia. dlr^otio'n, pitt.a«<i a pi^eKJ-^r of .t^^aua® in thus ho^j 
©f th«j pisilntirr, a?ict' fgdl'Hi t© r«'';<;.'V« iho asiTt, ili#n 
It i-.-i foiir a-4t3? to tinA th& •■i^rerdartt, i^r« .iouffl#iar» 
rc-t :::uilty,'' 

Thla Ins tmH> tier (on^ thutt 41r«ot)3 a v©r?Uot) lf?^oif*©» th-«- ^Ttvl«no® 

aa to Vw aIl»g«Ka ®pe<slAl oor^tra^t '^?y «'«ioh tlt<* <S®f»siTida,nt wma to 

r,Sv0 Mb poTiJ-DrAi »fet^p.ti«5r„ to t^it? pialRttff aft«r th® «%p<.'jp8itloR 

»trai i« oc-nn»«3t5on tl'i«r©«lth* 'rh» Instruction was isaci for oth»r 

"•ho ik^f!»nd,&nt K«»t oont*»^'i® Umt t?>«i coiirt »rr*^.'^ 5r not 

givinr to thij .t«n? th» folXowlyj^:* ln®truotiOTt, on b»1mlf of tn© 

4«f«fr*danti 

*t5) ■;?>* '20t:trt IrM'atruots tri« .tury that tho -Jofend- 
ani, ur. .d0a:'n«»ur, 1» not r««mjr.«i;ble or llablsa for th(? 
aotii <3tf th® iri.ti«m«a, rm'^ld^nt p-hyslolarv:^ or rurisea or th© 



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'J^nrG'S e^%rmj»% itompit&l not p ©rf €>rti«'-;'!i In hla pr«s«fno# or im^ 
d&T -nia dSreot'i.Dci, m'^ If y^'^u i>«»ll»?f* In t-hl«i (U^asss thvj.t tb© 
ne3gllf,«rf. &3t .•a<-5ii.t|slai?'5ml of wa;? «0K«?jltt*;l 'b^ oms of ■fc^*» In- 
t-artieta, r<^&id^r.t fsr^yaialaj-ss or nurs»© «sspio/<*<t by ?sf*l.i ■■■or.- 
ro« -itr»«t ;'iosif.">l t;*l, net in th« proaarssia of i>Jf, r'-;oufflt«r 
nor witJ-ar hia 41r<i><5t.l<3T!# an-il tb&t a^j'rsh .aot, Hf lafi/, «aa th«t 
smli'^ ami'^i^ of s»ialnt3ff 'a mll«(|ij»d Irjur/, th*»rs It Is your 

fM» insstrt^otion (ors® tliat 'diS,r««ot3 ® tyertiiot) 1&^ o^^m to th& saa""-* 
oUJsoti^r <*,a I«j« ;i, an^ It wa.'* tlwr^fcr® is»PO|>'srljr r«ftii8i®<:l. 

'^* <i®f«ndi»'r;t Ki9Xt 0aRfe#n«Ja thai th® oourt <g»rp®;i In r«8* 
faainj*; to i^x& to tm jury th®. f0Xlo«fir^g inatruatlcR ©ffer^ji? 'toy 

fr©^ tJ^« ®vt4»naa that ths d<sf©r;iant wsjM ordinary ssStili >%n^ 
ear® Ik tha trea^t^i^rt ©f pl«fcir>tiff , i^iit ?3f*.<l© is. rslssta'-^'® Irs 
-j?-.'WS«'rt, t^5^&^. th'5i .i<afcin:JUu-^t lo r'&t llabl^,^ for ih« result of 
a«oh fslistftk* ',mi^»r ihi» la^s* f*?^^* *« ®'='"*''' «>'^*^'!^ your ^»r4lct 

SJ'iOUl'5 b«« not ,p3ilt|'.* 

AS t.h» cialK sr ths pl&intirf wa« rot in »ns ^^f i5re5t«fct.#d upon 
«iry iili#r.:-d lalatafe® i?i jtidg?a«w5t cm th^s part OJ!" tt;© ;J«f'?5r>d&nl.t thi« 
Inatru^jtSon -^^i^ properly r-<»fUKt0cl* It wrn^l?! hife^® hmn nislsadtng 

to £lV0 It, 

tt%i& ''ii»f&*"(l^t n«i?t. 00fSt®««3,3 titet t^^© oourt err^d In rcufua- 
in^r, t# .'?iv« fco iho Jtjry lr.sjtr««tl©r» Ho, 4 off«?r®ii «jy l^isa* thla 
Irs a trust lor, rii^i-ls-t ^& follow®! 

"(4) >h« aourt irsatruata tho jur,:^ tbat ©r^n ihou.?Eh yeas 
tooltevi; ihd t5ist3* of .f^awa® r®f«rre'i to Ir? t'-le Qas5# was? plSkO©*! 
Ik plaint ITT* a feo4y b^ I^r- '-oaffleur, er by isom<* othsr p^r^on 
In }-i'^ v>r«.5©r!cj««> or' by hit> -Slr^Qtio^u if ''^^^ believe; frow th« 
e-ria^noi Ir- tKia aaca Umt iht injury t©^tin<9d by plaint? ff*» 
witne.i.i««'5 i»(^0 not omaad hf th« ?>r«v»«y!0® ir. pial'^tir.f »® iv:>ay or 
said plGO« or ,!?,a«2«, b«t wis o.&\i0«3d by otlitjr oonUtlona anjl 
oirowtr-.atancs©®, th»n it i« jfour doty to flr.«2 Dr» "'".oufflrir not 
.gwllty." 

rh» »ute3«at isatt^r of -Uvta lrst*tru«tis?:, W(&*« full:? oov«r#d ifi oth«r 

lis-atruetlons s^vwr. to tft« |ury JAt th® in^taro*? of ttra a^fei'ids'nt, 

T^n 4»f#rt<Jiant rt^xt 0t>nt»*iiS8 timt t'n^ oourt <:^o-vra3ltt&d r©- 

varsibl«» error in ,r«il1,n(^ en U^«« &/lmim%mii.tf of oart^^in ^vl'l^r.oe* 

i)urla^. th® «xa?3in4iitlv/n of .^r, .itlUmn, a aitr.®©» for th«3 plaintiff, 

th« fono«lr>i; ?|ue®tlon «rn$j »«St®'i by ooun^jta for th« platr.tlfft 



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jtoaltlon &x)ch aa 5?ou f^ir-,'!^ hilars U5:"-3> utsru'ij M4 Iwiam 
r*?":'CV(Srii '."K th© !>th of J iAivmAf-:^ f tmd (sllds»«4 to rs-ji-'.ain un- 
til th.<? tv^tn or i^«*ljruary> & ptsrio^! of a^proKlsaateljf flftf- 

ovld^^p.^fli g§h«j;y«s th&t th® dootcr 41'^ net TlrA this gaua® In plain- 
tiff's b«>4y, dl i not know aiiat position it hasi fes^r^ in -fflhll* th®r«, 
ard dl.i r.oi ^^.ck lh*» s3Cr«di.lt-1-&na> I«ffc s-ftdr th« o^^nr^tlon,* i,ii 
•Kawlnatlor. of th^ r^<^r-i 0ho*'» th^t t!5.«! -^itneafi^ did not mn.'k^ &ny 
«oaw«r to t?5,# «,feove «ju#atii5yij, an^S that s»h«ii %h0 aalrJ o^J^otlon b? 
t?i* --Jief^rKt&ni «»^s 3»d<5 t'b® 'iins^a^ion «as motltflM a«s folio*-®? '''%'h»a»« 
tl'i« gayi* «ri..iSi i*>ls&«iiNS .iti th& -p^'nitimi -Ahn-rm tfm u%&tub ltm.il h^^r. r«-> 
i^cv»d» and allo««4 t.o r-ss^iir. iri tl-ia-t |jt>aitl©r5 frere th» -^th c<f Jar!- ■ 
uary until thai iff%h of i:*«>bruary, ■wfco.t w^&«l<i b« th® |sr©tJi*.bl*J <&ff««fc 

•ll??iinai«4 b^ thi^ qiu?i«tlan a» w©dlfl®d» a;yi^ whil® tfea rtcor^ shown 

that t3"v« d&f'&nA&nt ;>l>Jeot#i to fch© .|«ffl@'tlon In its >«©difi«^.t forr 

arid t,h& wltn&B^^ 5fe-si* )»llow<»d io ansew^r OT«r ihls ob|«>otio.r, tlia ^2®- 

fwdart naka*© iio polr.t on tha rulini^ of th© trl-*l aotirt or? h4« ob- 

Jeotic: to tJi«> Qiie.-5tlon a® '^ol5fl©i, but argues the point as though 
the original question had not been modified. 

(;|ui3t r©f«rre^ to) wmat *Th» s^^^<^. »*i?^ii^ ^^ a&tur&te^i »lth mi» 
ar?S foul sj-'^llins* «,nd in r©fu0l''#t t>i« .Isf^Mamt'ffl pctlors t,-o stril-w 
out this a3-^s#®r, U"«,« oowrt *s^sw1i« tlrt«* fallowing rwrmrko* •' «»'/ <a-^ft 
£»nil»?v.»n, tlm% I had a«p't&9tt4 t*i«^t tJ^«r^ «soul^ te* ?^o qt;'e«tScf? a'howt^ 
sjouia b® th«i ©.ff«»ol, If ilw 5ilU»tl<t«Ji nfiiii «^s l^^ a»«orlb©'S: th® qu«e- 
ilcm wowl .■ tee! th«^, »|j©th0r it «ao Ir? tJhi&i rasiimer awd vho mt^ r«»«s- 
ponviivi© fcr tin Is^iru' ih#r«, Mjt th^t i% omiM ri^ms^in ttmt l^njfth 
or tirr« in fe ttt^urjd wlljs-iout aowse diMJ^fapoeltisan. i aup^^ae that would 






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..boi'^'XJ.orit need Jon iji;rf no.u+eo0p I£r{l;3x^o ariJ 






sar>'S, an- h» ?io* cont,«n4s; that t*i«y (5©n»titut^^ r^^^ralbla «rror. 
The defendant alaim?? that th<3 jury '^m? hav« tjnaore tooc? t^'^at th» 
court wna; r«»f(»rrir!jr to th^ «&ff^ot t^.rt,i the l^^avi?? ' of lh» gmi-£9 
In t^» vagina frots January *^th t.mtll --©bruary s?th i*oMl<a bavs uT>or» 

t.h« l««.vlns of the gair^© in th« va^in;* for t?-?® p®ric??i .*tats*vi s,>ul4 
net lOaufja anjr -SnmA'r^ to til* p-iaintlff, ih^ rensfur^ta w«rs highly 

(>»';< »4 and ths 4Ra-w«r <-mdi6 to tJie 3a.?a« t?iat tii« oovirt «aa r©fi9rr^.riig 
In his* rasii&rfea Cwiade In twiaain^ or; th® jsotlor, to &%ril-'-s ovit tha 
ftr!s.5(0r) tC" ih<* tjff^sGt U-iat tJiere «?oulJ fe«> up€>n the gatu?.» If !t waa 
l©.ft In t?-e 'ilalntlff *s feodiy for tn.}^ tlm«i §>t&t«»'l» ^md «a :Jo not v»«e 
hc:.5s 1*. wsis po&aitl« for tfc« lury tc- ba'/s rslsuder stood %h^ r0!T}-%rfes. 

oun.-^'l for t?ie -JofenAant, aa th» r«aor4 si^ws, Int^rpretad tb« 
r«»fer^a, ai ^th-^ii^ .,^A' 1^r ,'': }?,tZ '^J^-^ ^'^^■^,i!. *** ** ■'^'^ no», "h«* ;?@f«rK!ant 
(ild rsut <^vntrsa.'SJot this plalTitlf-'"** t»vi.a^r.&^i to thu »fft»ct th«it th« 
gttuxe, ah«ir; tsJ-;»n frc-t". 'Ui^ islairstlff *a body* '«ais aatur&t«)cj s'tth pup* 
«.nd «f*d Ir* a putri^S and foul arHOiiIng oioj"iti3ti«n, nor 41d tha d*f®nd- 
ant» -Jurlr;^ t?.i?? trisaif <5han»T^,v'.« Ui« oortt»^tio« of th« plaintiff, 
thikt th« g:au3*, if It r»'"':alnisd 1^* t-h«5 va.i?lna of tfcs plaintiff for 
flfty-thr^e <ift/»# si'ould urdorga ®c/s© tl^aosap-ojsHlon, a« th« (j«wrt*® 
r^r.'«p^t!t 30T;ot?m.';-:l s* aulft^ttot about ahivj^ %h9r& waa no contrartety 
6f o*i,lrJo-^» a?"3 ar'?- urt^bl«? to a^s ho* ths £S®fen<:iant ac?ul'i hav« be-'-n 

Kdllo^vlnj?, thitj tt5x;Y« raasar'a saacis tey th« trl.il courts 
OkS«urr«.'5 th» foiloaingt 

"-.<, *;imt «ff«ot» <5root.or, wotild tr.® pr^rAsrsce of gnua** 
In Uiat sorsiltlon l^u^reupor; the ©yata^'^?'* 

"a. n»r« T«oiil-« raturaily 'o* 'rior*'-' or lea* »b»or-stio^ 
fTvS"* ar?? fcr«ic^i eubs^taRoe w^loh «aa »3ai-ur&t©d »tth ihu» ?ti5» 

«o«pcafi*5l, bro^^rs dcvm, rf*p!vr&tli*« rft&t*irlal Ir t;-« iKviy 0,or,- 
stliutioralJy,* 



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iiptm, the Kjrat-^sJt J'so^ '^o«i* Vt a'Smlfetft Ita^lf* 

A. -M^ll, It. mB!.nlf#«»t«s itself in 11 ff^re'-i vrstTSff 
fro:?? a tosic atM.j"«l5XJlnt, !i m%:fht h*:^ <3epr©, actors."' 

>'•■, ^<#1I, i«h«r! ycy are jjEbsepteirs^ tirsy poiuon^ tn any 
pt©n9i5ia» or 30ptiot«l*i, w>*«tH»r it ^^ p'a& or cth«r ©^jti-tio'' 

grouM that th^ *ltn«f»a di'l tiot knotf of tho f©»1tlOTT of th® «m3s;® 
in insi t)0-d,y nor th^ .!5ontllt1t:m of tiw plaintiff ♦*» feo-lsf, an^t that 
hlgt t®idtiraorsy mi%-» ijl'fe?^ of? t<h« pr^^ujaptlors that the gausse weiflj l-r. 
tJ'i* f«,b4ci«9*n* s^ finsi no i»«rlt in %m% a<?n't®nti«r... 'i'^^ ?<'lt«'9s» 
difJl not pr^terd ti;- tmv-^ anf ■p&r-sson^l ^($^li^-dt,<& aa to ih^ poxiltfon 
©f th» g&ua«? in tl'j@ li'tlainiiff *« ttociy or it© «on4itlOin whor? r»- 
»ov«d. M^'^ats t««sti-'yln:? aa aw ftm^^rt n& to «o'n»©''|>.s©r50»ffl tHat 
would follow frcs?;? an ia'.si3Uj9®d astat* of faeta^ 

¥2ifi» <S®f.f>miiiit n«3rt oont^ndsa tf^at th«s oaa*? should b«» 

taan4 Of tint rj.lalntiff» ^sMl^ ®n ih» wltnaiaji*. 0tsm<a, 'rha »fitr!®»® 

mr» Hi'nsay, in thi$ prmm&rQ<^ cf thy» ^itmsss, spiels '*H® {r&f^rrin^ 
%e V'Tm ^;:ln««!f) 'Says, *i}U% you X»ava thf*t gf«iU3f« in that seomswt ;--8f 
lr®ft»rrlri^ to th® <!l»f omart ) wf^ya, 'i <lld, arsd 1 r®.fr«t tlvrt, ^!r« 

not?'* Tb^ aour.ati for tfe'W tl«f©r?4ant# sit thia point, <3&,?«.3t«d to 
taie fjtjsit'rwt,, uml th* obJo^tS-sm »«« «tt0t*fln®4. '"O &xii»pti<m wag 
takiisr, fcy th» d^fer^litrtt to th^ g(t%t®«#r?i or to t?5i* r-vilinff, of th«s 
ecurt. . e iss tbisrafoi"* i>-: r*o poaltlori to now ^ox^.'^l&in cf th^ <ltfit#- 

81fi»T3 1 , 

il. Im n«xt <50i^torMj94 V»*/ Ui«s* ti^sf^rifiarit that *t1iis> {i«clara- 
tlon dies not oharg© IJs© asf«$n(*s»r5t altr« o«lng rj»glls»f?t thrcu^* any 
otht^r p«T*tci^ tnan hljjiia^lf: tiiAt It la^aainoaiiy a»©rr«-il that tn« 



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nsgil.sr^ir.t siois or o^i«i3ioti3 arsr^ the |k»r«'.mal aots a^ui o^*is.4on8 
of th-d >iftr*n.:is6J7l» .ab*rt Z« .it*uffl©«rt hlma^lf:" and t?v.t It «aa 

11 able for ne^ii^'^.^^jtj© oji the p»rt o- ofehwra, ani that It »{%o j^lao 
»rror x'&r th^ ©ourt to rv5fu»© to inatruot Va<9 Huty th&t, th^ ;i©f«!nd- 
HT.i aav=s nat, iisblfx for U'« aota ef fje^^ilgsnis^ ef aorvarsta or a|;esr!te, 
or h©u»e physjioiar.a, of Vits hospital. R^» havss previously tj^as^Hl 
upon the ias laid ciCf»n in tShits Inatruetiena r«f*rrad t.o, but the d©- 
r*RC!ftnt now dont.i'Tids trsy-t fch« ft^Jd j?lv^0f» lr53truot1or<» oo't'platrtadi of 
*W'^rt*. ^rror^oyss cm tH» iitrdsr^ th^t it iso^^siltyte^ a varlsno© fra-?' 
tto'S i©olar&i.lo'-> iw«;4 Qcm«tttut«tt a e^ss !5!ntir«»ly aiff»S"*r?t froa 
UTiJit Kll!*.;--t?d in th« ddsjlAPfttion.* it ia not r««cs3a»r^ for \rs to 
pass uoon tJii? :*«rltt* el Sih«? ail^^e^i '»apSs6F^<s«> stai t^^ 4©f«n:Sar^t fta» 
waWte4 «hat&V!-5r ri|»:ht h« ralKht }mvs hM t© Irssiat u-^-cjti a. varlur.a«5« 
Ihfi d*fon4«kra did not. otej'»<»t to arvy ^^vlde-ntse b^n&r'^fif!; o-n tha ^ue»- 
tiott or nio fSkliag®d n«-^Jif^«n«es uupmijpjli oth«r« on the ground of 
Vftria?-.o«i» nerr- ^losa it anpoar th^t h©> »t any ti'^^^. In s^ry -aiat 
polntea out &r-y &ll^k^m% varli^nti® ta the trial oourt. If th© defend- 
ant riealrod to nvall hl»a<5if Of thl .- objdcttlon, h« fiihoulJ have ob« 
3»ot0d to th« intro^lsuotlor'' of tn$ ^vllsno® «hfi»n It wa« offered o^ the 
trial* and th« v&rtanoo ahoul * hav* b«fm pointed o«t. In order that 
tna plaintiff^ if ah© ao d®elr«tl# tatif^ht rtn*»mt hor dftclrxratlcn, l^av- 
ln|T, falif'i to -.10 thla, tr.& ob.1ootion of a v^rlfmo^ oannot be r&i&Qd 
fcr th« rir»« ttra® on &?pfettl» -pr otest v;or:atrua tl on .Jq , v» ;3l®^t 
1^^ iU. Tit iSSS^a V* KarHa , 1^-;^ 111* hm% Illinola i.,lf0 Ag£!% 
V. ge.l-s» ^00 111, 44f-t i> C, K »r , CO. V. :iai^'^rg>ng, .;Oft Ill» i^^« 
it artpearin*^,, th©r#for6, that th« defaridart &ea»T)t«ci ae oorapotent, 
the ftvisleno«j ti-.&t t&rt.:3,0dl to ©st&Mi^-i:: daf^r^i^t'e r!»sll^^^o«t tbrcii#i 
t?j» aots or ot^wlrs« und that ho irjtrodtsc©^ #vl<i«r^(5« Tor the p rpo«^ 
of ocsttofctln^r. th« aaae. It *&a propisr far ths ooyrt, tsndwr auoJu oir- 
ousaGtimo*.^ to baa<J iratnutlona on thle ©viaanoe Irtri^iu^&d by the 



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pl&lrstlff, «v<«r5 thou *h isvioJ-i ^vldano?* f9lg»it h&vQ h&tm ^moXuddd 
had tna. ;S;afwx48-r.t objii<3t«<l to th-g sa':^« «hen offarai on tii» trial. 

V, ck .-',» U t.«'^» A^c, V, f'.ain4 o l.>?h < Wl liX, ^pp* i^l; (AffiU I9f» 
ill. I.;;!). 

■rh« <*,©f&r54ar5t next ecnterjia y-'^t th© v©r?Hct 1? 0x- 

this qu© a tl on, a-rsiS ^v« hav« r<mio?'s«>4 th«t ocmolualor that ^^e cannot 
aay thiit th« sksount of th© vordicst ia mtTiifQ^lly «<,^a.lnst th© wolght 

rln'itng ^^o r©veralbi(s ©rror In th« r^oorsi and ?^-sil1 ©vlrjg 
thai tii«ij d^f«ihil(W2t r*aa h»a a f&-Jr ans^l lEjpartliil trial, t-h^s jtsdg- 
aii^rit of th«! v;lrouit Court of OOMOfe aourty '^'ili be afrirtead. 



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WILLI A; 0« vm niX^DEK, ) 

Plaintiff \ti J-^ror,. V WMon TO 



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jom KiM^'m, \ / ) COCK mmrr. 

\™^ 192 I.A. Ziy 

ICLU ^JSTXail sa&NUk?^ 4ali^«rs!cl ttis oplnlcm ©f the ectirt. 

■t^dM ^%n nan action Xn asaarap-sit 'brotjfiht In the :-'utJsrJ©r 

jcurt of coofe iJotmt?-, by the plaintiff iri error, harelnafter 
called th© plaintirf, ^s^lnat t?isi rlofas^arit ir. ©rror, heretnaftar 

all-^gsd t.€? b€» Su^s to tJ5« pl&lntirr rpmit tl^e dia.f?nlant. for aervlo©a 

rf>r:dfi(rt^J by th.« plaintiff i^a s. re^l 0s;t&t«=. bro>:ar. The' .leislars- 

tlon 3=,-nt&lr50<l the «3os53Km acfuriia *rt^. t»« apaci&l oount3, a^'d upon 

tJotlon of tT^e ^©fsyiai&rsl., the plg^tntiff 1^0 r#qiilrs;1 to file a bill 

of psrtiauifers* e@ttl«£ ov.% th& jjat^rlal .f&ots upon yTiioh tfi® aotlOB 

»a*; l5aa#d. 'iht* blil of p-M^lowlara* as a«te>>d9ii, mmi ae follo-jrs: 

/■^' *Flaiiitiff ♦« olalm la for ferofet^ir&ge reos or oon- 

■itlaalGna du* tt« pl&.intifr froif> <lef»r>ia?-t for aer^*!^.®* r:-ri- 
d«rf5a by plaintiff aa a r«rHl aatat^ V^roScer In tba -in&tter of 
*« ©xafe4nf»a ef •.sertalr, fA-^l 6>st-!?.^# Ic-afi^t-Kl Ir 01ar>5 -^oijnt;/, 
•iij!a:lasip|ji» for r«ai *i>atsi-:;9 located in Uj@ vitF cf ahicagc, 
vooh >our^4.y» ilXinoia,, a.j?^d rtisultlvi/ij^th^ 0:ie<5iitior of a oon- 
traot festayt^R asl'endart. and 'liaops® H, i»yi& on Julj? i;'--, r;:-'0'^> 
&r.i Another 'irltt^n cso's^trsol cf rifer-^e^.'sbftr 1^'-, l??!?''-, bei.jd^n 
■3iiid i^yiei and '^isferifXarit reliiti^^ to aalil r©al eatato: and 

bi/ ttio i®f'3rj-:iaf5t aarui in tiia procuring of a purtjhaaor of s^td 

t«rs;-*i 033 said l2>#f*rK). Q„ 

^*?l&1ritiff *a ois-ist I 5 a.1s<-> fr.r iJ^^j^r.t iti.'5„,ar*- asoount 
atatsd and am liip'^e'.aaat I'la^a isatA-oaffi plaintiff stiTd daf sruJ art 
at .:Cr.tdrpriJ<g, .l^.-siaaippi* .r-.-c+.J^ th=* «'io>-^th of April* 10"' ■•^, 
ay shioh it «a3 agrssii G©f5#®r. plaintiff and .l«f©nrlP.rt that 
d«fan.i«vnt mmlvl paj" plaintiff th** t*as of lljBl-O vilthln t^^r 
days, and Uiai furthar ^\m of Il,a00 whoti tha aald defer. iar.t 
!S':oul.'^ r^ooi-*?« pa5^^iai'i?, of $ai'i,?>00 d'«d .!'?f *!t^.dav.t '"^ji gsrtaln 
r%&X §.iitata!« 3aild pay?a®2Jt0 amounting to |3#0!)o to 09 in sat- 
tifl"^?sr.t of tiid tftbO¥*> m^inll^r^ad claAre 'f or oo^srsAasiorsa,* 

ii*?fdrJAjnt fllife-l a pl^a of neji<-<!.i9inr5:|3ie:l t AtA t^ apeolal plea sat ting 

up tb« ordlnnna^s O-f th.* ■•-Ity of ahle&^i> r«.:|»lr-tTJS x^aX astat® 

bjrokerB to bt* iia^p^a^vi, an4 av-arrlng t^at t-li^s plaintiff aas not a 



/ 









(.^*v 









th« pltgas and ths oai-t i>i?<K»8®dl«d v:^- ii'lai 'asfor© th© osoirt sjrsd 
Jury* The trial <^o*ui'*t i'^fusati to .:a-iici3? i,h# -a^^jc to go t.-2 tl'i?& Jury 

s-iAs. return*! in i"&'5?or ui' tht* -isfS'^.tv-^tt i* rt^^tlcj; for & ti^n tf-ial 
was overrulesdi juC^iiw^i*t was- ti-r/iarc^* vS5 ilis ^roiaiot, an<i ilos plalrs- 

feisfeaisf br-ckur ia uia City oi' C?iviiM.g,*:^» ar..i thai or* -ivy £^, I'S^H, hs 
obtained a iiosKss i^rcit is&t-.l Jlty va o^t^^rf on uiiif hufiir>i&ma» Tntm 
lioonaa ©rspirsSii April 30^ 13r-r., ana t.r.»& pialntiff failed t-c r®n#^ 
ta® sa-'i ur.uii J'uXy iiB» l^^'HS. ^^.® d'^f-^^dd^^.t rs.ii-.U-i In the .Jtate of 
;Ua3isal-ppl, ^n-1 dialing tiiS m^ntii of Jul/ or Au^juai., 1-304, h« lis- 

in saii iitatd and s-^ni^i by tSs^ d^f^ndant., Tb® afforts of the plain- 
tiff to ttsii 3^11 l^srsd i^aiaulJ-s^ in Urn ^siesistlcKR af a aos^.tr'aiOts. dated 

tsr-^r^s »f tshit^h the* ;l^f«n.ia.?«t a^gs*^*^! J-o «soliansa t^.a jsald '-"'Idal^aippl 
Idnl for aertalii ]r#>a «Ji3^A«.^ Ia:32tt4'.l ®i mis'rvir^gtosi boulevard, in tJi© 
City of Jhl^ago. Ihla cor».tra.^t o^ Jiily 13, 1-^05, gds n'-^tyi*r 0^.1- 
sus--aiit*a, myi It ajsp«aya ^i'l^t botli pA3»ti»a to tha sassd, ^i^a mil aa 
the Plaintiff p &rt.ir a aertalf! tijs*»» ti»««it*d tb@ -^afs-ii <i3 auXl a?!-rl void, 

."ha ?»i^tntirf *£ thaorr af t^.© ^vl^aneo %r that, after r.h^ 
contract of Juiy xs, 1^05* i^rtad l^e®r, tr«ftt»0 bf Iwtis |»a-rtl©s tlwi^^to 
&s rA^Il an-i veld, awl after tb# lleanas of #uly 2S, 1^05, tmvl fe««n 
iijau^d to hirs, hs r^-tt-^waa Ma ai^fort-.© to brirsg al'^ou'* u ^nlB of tb® 
4©ferdant*3 pr^p^rti? ? Lhat Ji«s iftdtKMKi the defefniiart to ii.::«v3 to 
Ghioar,o from hi? lior!6> Irs aaslsaippl for %h^f -purj^n^ of nft|^cti»t3j^ 
with Lfle for a n&w sontm^ot to <?ovnr tli@ sa.?-© prcis^srtia^ a* '^are 
Invol-^ed In ths ^ss»®os^ant of ""aly 1;5, 1K05? tSmt after th* dofatid- 






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ant Qfi.-m io -Ohieaj-^o* th« plaintiff m^t hi'?? a?vi Lyl* in V-^-? plain- 
tiff's offifSQ, 5.M tfcat «,e a result of '3srt?itn r^#*,j^cti3tlorr? ther* 
h.sli, th«? defeTK!a*^t and Lyls th«r\ snd theirs agresd ut^or; the t^^r^ns 
of a nea an^l isufeatantial.ly dlffsrant oontract, but on© thtii In- 
volve- the 3sir.e Bropsrtlss aa a^ers the Siib^eot, cf thf a?^r©e*jent of 
J'aly 15 » IvC'f^? th-iit the i.^feiidant arnl T.^rls thsr. ^ij^.-? th'^r^ S'tr^,sd 
to *50'5e to th§ office of tbe plaintiff stj t>^« fcllc-^ing Monday and 
"close the isal;' tJsat ths •d^sfendl'S.yst -srdt ^ryl^ thsr« s^snt to i..7l<?*g 
hot?e Ir: 'ticMf-rsR Sf^rs a cjcr^tre^.t datad ijeptssbsr x?, 1005 area oss- 
c^it.5d 'D0t»et>n t^^®3i ami et t,h-% :3ai?*e: tiw« r2©4»is, nct'S'in s.?5d otner Siapars 

In pursuafiot^ or the oor.tpact w^r* si 30 ?x^si:t»4; ffeat ail cf %n& 
&^iit act-a In '*lo?ilg-mTi s^sr^a aarrlsjj. on jrtt!";oVit tt© Istr.Oii'l^diPr^g of th# 
plaintiff en:! for t?59 purpose or dsfra-odirig Mt. oi;t si* bis co'^l:i?3lcm; 
tnst !)>* Lh6. t0r-3a of t.^i-3 cor.tra^'^t or ^ieptsR-rjar 13, ISOB, anS s« s 
T-ftauit Of the aa-r-a, th© 49fe£(d&T;t cs tains .1 tJi^v sashlngtor. botils^ai'd 
prc^pert? and l.fl© cbts'ssed th« l.^o-O scraB of ma.'lsslppl laml, 

'Ch& vlef^na ant's tl".6sry of U^c- eirl 4^13^6 la that "ther© Is bo 
evi4aiio%» in tbt ro^ora ftriO*iri,g cr tfefr<-..tls-?ii to ^bo'ii that plair,tlff In 
Cfrrvr pwrfo^^'*« m'ti|' ^ervlac* «t-h.>tsvdr fcr tiss^ {Itifs^j-^iart in &rJ*or aft®r 

Juij' iic, 1905,'* but tbal c*P t/'.i Qontfmrf tha S'^iaanos slicws that tha 

oonaiimxnated 
c:.ntrii.ot of Sept^^fe^i^ 1-3, 150$, Sf^.a asa<s«tetl a?ic asxsti^ without t5i© 

ai4 cf this pluixitltf hi stT j s,u.^ «th&tao#¥«it'-. fe -fXaa proof in ths 

reo<rr-l t@n-:ilng, io tui^port hoU. tfersyrioii* of t^vs^^ 6Vld^>>0»>, 

pie'.ntlfft tjui. i3s tha TlS'u that rfi* h-i*,^^ t&kan -wi' iJiis -sJaiS®, It villi 
be- w:if r.e^aaBiiry for y^ "^c- rox Ls«f c-tis* Qf ti^fest** rh-© pi<^intif"f ocsrs- 
tsmuK th.at ^h<^ ^orj&r&at of J'tily 15, i;^>d, iu^l l-h«? «i;srv5c9iJ hs r««ndered 
iv corr-**ci.ic-r; ♦J:i<^r'c«ith# mi*/ be di^*-reg«.,r^C!« «ntir«l/, and th*it r-ever- 
th«l«e.? b*> 4CU14 ba aiiiltlfjd to re"OKf«r in tJiid oa-e for tlie* i.^arvioes 
fee p©nd«r**»s tho dsrerwlatnt after h« (the piaiTjtiff > »«cur0d a llesna® 
on SvtXj ii;:r, 1905? tlsat after tbe latt«3»r d^^r^, h© agal.rs brotsght th© 
parti'ss together, and aa a rsauit of his ©ffort* tl-t« contract of 



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;,>apt?srafc9r l-j, li'Qb, sags tmdm ami carried cut, srd thst the trl'-il 
oourt ^^rroi in allows n??; th« cam9 to go tc the .Jury onl^ &r. %h@ 
io^u@ of ar' assoofjt ^t^ted, 

«e are of th* opinlor thst If th5? t*^.*or.y of the ^-i'.-.lnt-iff 
*s.3 auat*irj@d by th«? proof, o*» ^n« ';nt5tl-?d to r^c-o^-sr l?i T.hi9 sass©, 
smd that, tns trlax co-trti ^rr-f^d <n -sfvjnln.!?; ty alio* tb« '?:^5>® tr> go 
tw ths 4^*"^^ c« 1^2'-? &tb«>r l€i«v»« than that «f a?» svjec%mt atatetd. At 
th-is ti:i^ of tas- aotirt'c. af5tt««j the ct»:>«??t1 -^f ga3 j^ot. 5i-^i«^h>$r th» 
prQpitsdsi'iitti© tjf iri« i*«i,^s<»nO'* mjfj'p'iTt'^'f t^« theory of* tb.^ pliirtXtt, 

tiU' Jury omil^ «ltrwm^ e.«t-lng lanr^a-^cnablr Its t.h« c/s- of tl^« iasf, 
find :- vsr:ii-:'-t m f^vor of th<* t^^o?'^ ef ths plslr/l5?f, ' .^bbg' . r^ft Tt el 1 1 
1. ki}i2X ^^' i^OQify B'd'd 111, -^"^16. A:3 ??» fe'^o h.-^rrt'tofopv* j»t,p-te«;"5, tie 

in tha aa--© fairly t.^ndl«if t? isroire th? plsl?;*iff *3 <JlaUn, as fisit out 
in paragraph ov^ ef th"^ b<ll of T9rs,rtl«ti2.j^r3, »o ts-j? a^ It- r-^l^l^s? to 

rsvsr»ibl€) ©rror In »lIO'Vln,'*. the •sae??^ tc -*» to ths Jury o»vl* as ^ 
the aiaia of th© i>i&lnt4ft' ?»,» s-st ov't in jwuragra^fe t«c o.f t,h@ Mil 

th-a daf*3ri.'i^{^ cental-?® that, evan if it 'fes 84ii?ltte>d that 

tr=i-;t OS' >ept«??5^or l-f?, l^"-'"'» ner'^rtlioiese tMs aor,t-ra«^t failed ?'or 
arr.r*, of &olltty ott t"«« part oj;* Lyi^-; So parfcr^a his part th^reo^. 
Uhllo it i?5 trij*,' tihat it. nppefcrta rror^ t*4© lanKSf !,hti.t i^fi^s, at u-^s 

tirns of the •ss&l^ig •?? oftld ac-Titract, l**{i nc-i iitlti to &h« tl&shingtoii 
botil«Tarci propoi»ty> n«T^rtliel»asj tl©?'?!* ia s-^iaai <3a :;©Jidlng to «roir© 
that h«iv biid a ri;;»h*^ to- a,Gii*ancx tis-^t tlse* astitL jsrcperty ba fiesdod to 
liiT.iieir cr tc^ ar? m-^, T,3.t-6 Vi^'iC:?.. V* si.i;tht 4ssigyis.te, and It ftirth^r 
clecrly spp«?ar» thi;>.t l-fl-^ uotu&Iiy pr-caured t'fi^ ^sslivery of S4il<| 
prop^rtf to th.9 sS^Jferdant and r«osl-*'#a tr: ©xoJftani59 therefor th© prop- 
arty mantl&nea In t^;0 st^ttrsiet ^e belcnsini^ t<5 the delarKiatit* i'-ir2^r 



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thf- •air3''v";ata-.c83, if tho Jury bel!9'?sd tba o'?idonS0 of the 

finlln.i-r tiaat l.yl© »as read?, al3ls and irtlllr.g to carry out his 
p&r% of t?^e -^.ontrast of ae^t@i3b«r it?, lv?05. 

For th9 «rror abov^ tTKii<5ate<i, tho 3'uA,^'sent of th^ Siaperior 
Court or CJoo?* County «lll be rsv^^real nr^ii th« ^5&ua^ r^r^jwn4.Bl, 



■ / 

Dsf^jBdsiit In Error, )/ SHROR TO 

TjE0T>HltI8 B. KILTOI, / } COOK GOUSTt. 

Plaintiff la Mvfm, j 






,^ 



,^ic 



MR. JUSTICI SOAStiS liMlUmr^^X %tm ^pinim of t?vs court. 

Thi«> l-a 4 oill f€^ -x-^^paratd te5aint^a%ne« fn#4 t>y the 
idf&niatst iif» 8:c-f4ifr, Ji<ar«9teaft*j.$* i5*i.JLi^l tan o^'i^lkkifi^iJat , in \M 
B\xpQti0-)e Court df Oook CaWitft ^^^in^% h^y Yx^xmaxid, llM pi&intlff 
isj arr#r, 2K«r«ii;i«tfta.t' ftsll^a xh^ ^^t^m^mit, fh« Osa f ?»Ti i«tiit filled 
as sanarnQt t'o tli« s>oj^l4ln^at'«s bill mifi u,X^o fil^a a oros»~Dill 

*i«or!^d tWs i^i\i!ai«uat»5 aifiJ»<s-&ill, ^ml %%& cause '#a* ha&rdl by the 
chfiurseallgr, s'it.Jitsut §. 4^*^/* '^^ *'^^^' bill s^d ^i&'^nv and tiio crosa- 
bill Mid ^n&ytav r/i-i tT-ui pfsjof© ta.k«n li'i tli'". cs*ui9o. 1 d®cy%*3 ley 
tiwi^ATatw vi&jUit^BSiriae ^aa •ar.^trf'ijd by ili-?? ^Joeart l?-« ravor of the 
e«iii|;iai?i%riit, *ii4 %hQ ii^foivX^Rt^ss ar«>iss-s*iil wa-rf diaiai»a«i-l for ^mit 
to* equity. To T&-f'^T^t^ a P'i^t ef thia :i«ar«0 thg d«i:;.?rui«jiti Jia^ 
pi'Oaes:;ut»a tiiitj -yrit at ^srro'i^, 

TU« r'saari ia thia ci*3«> does not o^^ntaln & e*3*rli.fi<9is.t» 

to Hnm %riii-::&ctip% af th'?- r<!^ocal4, recites tHat tli^ tramiSiaript ia 
aoaij?lst«, ©xoopt oartvki ori^:jr&, affiJUtvit», siin^aT3uio*js, scKtati-' 

record a csort if ie&t^ of th'S fi^/i^^nc© urc-n '-^juoh th» ■ie'<;TSi? was en- 
te-jce4, iind t^iiit ttia 4«cr€;« it^aelf ^iaiii not a&iia findings of ^p^Qitio 
ittctss ©ufiTicidnt to support the aaaie. It is ^ srill &«ttl^5d r'-il« 






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: -^^ t* ■:.;■.■?'■ ■•"',' i^i'iiit','; J, nil- t . i , . 



it! ihijs attx-fi that %hf party in isrtioa-? fsfetiror i^ >J«0Tai« grant Itsf 
relief la eni^sre^l, to -minifiin It, isusst in fiom* w«.y rtoss^rva th*? 
QVii^rvsa, 'oy -i ^fjrtlfiaat'i of evl,i«no^ or oife-r'#i®4S', or t!^-^» '-JIe^"- 
oro0 jsuut fi-na e|:i«!'^ifl«3 facta, fh&t w^?^ jffaven on the taxing, 
•iUiT ic i'int to support »uolj O-^^cre®. tl-sie iut-F .'lo«3» not d^'volv® 
uX'on the party %?ainst ^tQ^ i&ues^ dtcr*® iss r««der«d, Ohi^yan v. 
Ohsaia , SSS 111. «3gj laH 1- iHS.* ^^^^ ^'^^■' ^'^^i Bmttnr^T y. QlQ^ , 
240 in. v; Treoc-mra v. frenclisrai, ^4© III. U&, 

Th?* 4«sf«e IB tns i5*ss at 'baif smr&lf found "th^it tho 
allftgationtj in this sail bill conta^lnesd are try®, as ih^srein stato^i 
ixnd that the 43rq'altii?® or thl* qsxu^s at?j -rlth th':ij «osap.Xainaat. • 
Thi*T« a.r« no finding® oi' <»p^-».'3ilio f&?iti6 ®^/t ^ut in ihi-^ '-.locreK;-, 

!I*IHI1HI**^WHS^ "^&a i»«astly sijfsilejr to tlia ^ns in th© CJ^^Ai^ at h-xt, 

a 

In t]i4t e4ig^« It <sraa H^ldl th^t isiafiili^g®n^-s'al JTiKdirsg, sfhero tl:i9 

•vid«nco i«?ji.a riOt pyesarvs-l in the r^aoFfd, «'©ula r.ot aiistain a d«-~ 
er'?5S giparitil»5g Y#liBf. fo tnir.k the rule imti -iowrj l?i the Ga»«« 
aite4 i*^ cl'ja.fly iipr-ii*5&^la to t?i^ cass at bay, and -i^fl* Jisust th^^re- 
Icre >ici.;l, th^it th«s fifi^ifi^ga in tti© dec?©® i4;i t&t p*gS9Rt aaa® ar'? 
net «5uffl«l<srit to f^ust^ifi the* or4or gr^ntifr*!; ^fiV^mti^ saint^j^nane© 

the voa^plalnaat <iORt*»,ride th^t th^ :;i«jc3re@ should b« aua- 
to.ir.«d b<!»o«iu^« the 3*}rtifi«5at«( of th*> clerk of the- court «>iow«d 
that fhia tfsinaeyipt of th'ij r«<503P«ai iu «sot aoffij^^t*, in that c^r- 
tatn 0)e4*sr«, affidavits, app€>aranc«>®, substitutions, i^tlptilation© 
and fiotiafts a^er® oisittad tli'^.rsfyoBJ. Thr. a^mplalnant an>ue» that 
t>»« ftffidavits omitt^a Crcs: th» ty-j^ssrlpt ^i-M h^iV-s i&^^n m^nd 
*.s ovid«n«« on th^- trial «* tJie aa\^«@, !&y atipulatiow, and th^t 
th^rofora, th«? pTesu«aprti«m t® thr^t t^,>s> d^&r^^ Xb Qoyy«ot an<i rofiu- 
l&r. G^rtalR aass© are oit®'l in eupfort ©r tUi^ o©nt«?ntioa, but 
ncHJs ©r t?'it;s0, in our Ja^Sc^Ksiit, stp^Xi^a to a oaaa llk$ th?? on© 



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Ij^foro u«i. In the Oi'i^a of 'Butt v. B^>TS, a upr-t , ih-is tTanscfiiyt of 
%h& recor<i -wfa® r.st co.aplot©, ka that gemi rourt-:;^^n iacuiaentg rjjtid 
aleo th'S ©riui*^ in the- ca?^© on the «t«ia'Sf?ri;i, r»?plio*tionfe ^^id at— 
t4eh&.vinty, taFf/r*? omitted DKiS-t&troa, m:Yi jf^t tha court 'loli in that 
ca&e t&at th© co^laLnant, In ordior t<3 i#^3t*iln lier ^leoffes^ aa to 

e»rt-lf ic«kto ef ^vid@no«» or to hJ&T« t}'i€* fie<jree .f??cii» ^f-coifio f&sta 
that »"oye proven ©n th./» Jidasrim, sufrif?i*i>nt to i.^rTO'^t tho a«erQ#. 
fft thinJi t-fed aantdistiosfi of th»! ^^-.i^lv^ina^t im witheut s.«;s,rlt, 

¥hs dfji'endsnt ^ma not ocssplain^d of thei court* a acstioa 
in disjKl®sir^0. his aros^a-lil.ll out oi" SQurt, '-issi no tj*f©r la a«i^%n«d 
upon ttio action of the ootxrt in tivl® if^sg&rd, Th€iT«foT«, th^».t pirt 
of th© d®or«j*i,' of tJii« -E«p«frioT Court of Cook Cotaity tMt dissiisa^g 
<i« .?»iruia^t ' -a afdiss-bill out o? f^oixsrt, will ba afflirsrt^dj but thjit 
part ©f eai'i 4®«?g® that grants t^apSiTSt^ cmlnt^ttaaee to the cojs- 
plain^nt, fat tties rea^sons^ irviiaatod, 'fill \>b r^yorsed and tlia c&t^@« 

AFPimiED XM P.ll?t AMD -J'nf^'HHED 
Ml) EfMAKHED IK PART. 






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Gin O^- Oi^lOA',Op 

Dofor.iiant in iirror. 



V8. I 

'< 

Pl&lr.tiff ir, K.rx'or* 

1 Eir» ^, ;'or*kr;, th« pl*».lntlff In »rrcr, ^sk- foun-i jtrvjllty 

Ic th« ;.;un,lclpal ^ocrt of Ohleago of a violation c,f section I'^^JS^ 
cf the i..;hlo.'A.;:o Code of l-ll, and a fin® of ^Sf- wa» a,3Baaae4 a^&lnat 
h'jr. Jiid--m%v.t tfRiS ent»r<9d on th* fiji^linr^ and tlila writ cf error 
follo-(!0<i, rh© complaint, oha&r.«:',edi that tno plaintiff In orror, en 
jiOV8'3b'»r i;i?# 1;-1S» at thti Olty of Ohto^go, "did than s.nd th®r» 
sail afii f^im fv^ay rialt, «plr.ltouis anti Intoxlos-tlng liquor in 
qxjia.rti tiki's of l-saa tfian one ©illor, to ba drank upon thw prer,ln«a 
within the linitis ''I' Ih^a city, imiA ■^v^^iX.B.&a soIr/?, •jltuate iM l^'ll 
Korth L!»3ail?» siv.ar.u»;, Irj violi*tlor: of juxstior. \:':;7iVf of th© ahloa^o 
Ood» of 10 il." fhw plaintiff In error waivoa a jury trial ar.d tb« 
•aa« Kfciri trloci by Vna oourt# vvlthoufc a Jury. 

Th^ pl*■^i■'■stlff In €»rrcr oontanda that t^.e record f&ile to 
uhot» thiAt Uirt plHlntlff tr» errt.T vlolat^a th« aXlegod orniTiftncw, 

■^ shar\:<5d in tn** oO'iplulnt, for th-^ rsa-aor. that the &lle<^ad or- 
dinanos i i not l?i«»or?orttto4. In a.n^ ^a?, in Iha retaor^i. It ap- 
pawrb tnjit v,«ct'.on 1?*3& of tbi«j G^lcar^o City Joda ia not 30t out 
in tri* twinaoript of t>u5 r«»oor'i, p*rtd it is ref:»rred tc by n-U'irbwr 
oniy in U).$ oofnplalnt. It waa rsot offaroii in ^vldsroe -or r«?;i;i to 
tb:> Oiirrt -i'O f%r -^.s t»)« r^oord in this oasfl* di-'Oios'sa. -'ifliotion .M 
of tb« .«ur.loipaI Court iiat roT-»i^^^'' ^''^ trial ?^OlJrt t--: tal-:© judi- 
alal r,ct1-3« of all E^r^r«.l orai^<inos» of tb» City of -^hloar.o, t^Jid 
fte tn^ racori oafcrss u« f til Is to aho* th&t ho ^-icl not ao no, aro 
satst pr«Bvtm^j th.it h«9 vHd. •it mx^ t'lo duty of tba pls».lrtlff in 



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error tc pr^p^ire ars-d aucwriit •:% dooa»2int aart^inlr;??: aticth fa'jta 
'i>3 ijora 'bfiror-/ tha trial court, find ^&r« ooTs3lA9r®d by it, in 
nsaiiii.-T: i«ny rulin..; vv'ri-.^h la aou;^t tc ts reviow«d, arh«tb«^r isuo^ 
r&atF- »ore offered In ovid'ii^oe or iJ'Sr© only ccnai^or^d in ^vl^- 
*3»io« «r>ds;r thy ruiw of judlaial Qoilcj?:; obt&iiiSng ir? tls« i:imlolpal 
wourt. ifstr.lfestly, ther^forn, if 1'jo or! is* from th» nt»t«no!Pt, 
thui» pr«pa.r&a by hisa and si^ed fty ti;<> trl-al juui"©, any siattsr 
or thln»? r!!iOij«ijarY to anabls thii^ oourt to dat'sjrrsine whether iha 
rullr,?; of t?;y oriisl oourt sr&t' oorrfeot, in vlttw of ail tht* evld^rjca 
tb*n bsforo it, T>h-^ oorrtoOtn«a» of ©uoh rulin-' Si nc^ propf^rlgr b** 
for« u* for review, in such aa>s«>» It Is* our tStsty to pr^'in-u:'© that 
th<» facts craittssd -A-ar© ouff iol'S'r.t to justify the ruilnp of th& 
triAi ^^curt.* C^ty of (jhloa^o y» :rearR<?y» IP'5' ill. App. 441, 
'*;« x;!U.5t ^a»auu.e» th#r<>for«, that the trial oourt ^-aa Juatiflad In 
findin,:- tJrit th© urccf In ttii s oass.- r^iowad a. vloliitlor. by the 
plair.tiff Ir error of 'jsootlos*. ir?:<t, :.m <i*m,r^ii^ in th<» oor.-^pl&lnt 
Ik t,tj 1 u oa •<? v « 

ih* vlaintlfr in ©rjH>r next ?ont«r,d-i:i tl^at tbo proaooutlen 
ftjiould fall beoaufos thss oa^a a^at« on© in w;tlch tha prooeaa who'-nM 
htirVtt ba'^n hi^^i by im;;;EJOiia« rhar*^ la no s&^rlt 3.n this oontontlon, 
iU is, tjuit by •> ^-ilty to reaov^r a pcin?ilt^ for tno violtAtlon of tin 
ordlnonoQ, proeeaa ;t»s(.y properly ba b;*d by » surstsona or by -i wurrsmt 
or by arr«*3t on vl«w. It appaari* t^'^^t the platntlff in error ap- 
poarod b^i'or-i* tlm aourt, mir^d » Jur/ trial, im<l by a/^r«s$-'^^t b«- 
t«*«n una pii«.intiff In orror *ir-1 tr<3 defst-iart ir ^rror, t^-? oag© 
»4a ^bnitt«d to t.h«< 'sr.urt for trial sitbout a. jury, aM tb^ro la 
sjv> qu.0'3t^.cn but Khat tbft ^fwloipal Cc^^rt haxl Jurlsdiotlon of th© 

?iai-ntl:J'f in »rror nt*xt oGntor.d.^ tl:at tha proof ft3,Un to 
£j}:«o>» Uia year In '.t^.lob th*> »2l9S»a violr*tior5 oi' tbo orainan©« toofe 
pluoy, uni. that t'-t^raf^'r'-J fhta pr®«russptior: Is tJ^at the pro»©o'»jtiOK 
ia b!*rr«d by th© atatut* of llnsitations, or tbat the all«««ti offenae 



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ss-is es^fS'-^ttt*--:^ %f%*r tn*? tiling of Ui« cHmpi^lst In Urn ©s.*®. i^nj?^ 
Is r© ^'^^Ht In thl^i eoRt^tBtion, •:«h©n all csf th-* fa<st® ^ni olrsuaE- 

V\^ ^l-ta^d i*ai« bf th* »iss.l»5tl?f Ir; ^ryoT t&olt pXa<j« -;n th€ night 

of !i«v«^ilsi^ ;&?, IS'l^* It itsi 6?5ly n®QSMS:-5ry to rsff^r ta «* fs^? of 
tt5e t';-Ae£sa? in &rl4wnm^ to «»si55i^ t*5« co?!?9^'5tw-*s3 $.f ©ur sc^seiusi^m in 
tM-> r«s«.r4S« Sia* proso<j'atlR^ «itri«g« fesstifi^ ^^,?^t sft^ir fi* map- 
Ofvasi^sJ t.h« teotti® of fe»«r iit?4 th<s te'a pr1.»sa«ivT of ssHlsty, h'* tiSolc 

»lattsjR, «b.«r® fefti i«ft th^ss, sad that libs r-«imt tlfs® tfiftt Jis a',i« ttmm 
»A« t:n« folie«lr,^ ^orKtR,^; «i th® l>ra?i«*'* of t^r« --fss^iaipal ^oiurt pr*- 
»ld®d &v*»r hf -J-k^Lf,^ tiopkin^m it further .*fip«ar»5 fro?t? th* r©o©r4. 
UvMt thi© pros«««tln5i wltn-eas appeared fe«for# th'?? »sl<i 4iM«« o» Kiov«^- 
h0r 'dis-9 Ifc'l^, *>!?kJ pfTessentetl to th« aai4 amirt tl"i« (so^piaint that 
tfs.s fllsd Ai^^ainjt tn« plaintiff Iss arror lit? thtss oa««, 

T'n© .^I'iintiff Ik «rrror next oc-Rtsnis that th® oourt *to<5lf 
aiH5ii?iiL'^ 'lEiiSS. •'^'^^ * e^rtain ftottls r?ot In ttaolf a atmr,4isird of 
»«fti£nir§, &nd a«rtai?5 i?l»^»*ss not of Ui*^#«slv«js at&^idRjRl ar4 J^ons ojf 
*hleh *i5r^ Jy;tro4«o©d Ir? «'rid.«3tn?3«, h«14 isaa th«n a .^13. ©r in »«i^ 
Ingtfer.o*,* rise avid#ro« cf th« preiBS^titlor- wsst?? tc ths eff«(<st tJi&i 
iha i:;-laijitlff In, 9rr©r 3©14 to roilc« crfJatr u?ir^ a hottl® of b^er 
sir.d isfo /^l*5?%«sa of «ri»^©y isis ««rt.&ln pr»?dl««« oon'jdaot^d by lb.® 
plfe-irttl ff Irt srror i^t l''"ll LaSialli® av*fma» ahla*^o, A feotti# o* 
b##r and tac .gla&««s sr»r« p3ro,^a«dt tof the pro»«-©utior» d^rlrsg tft« 
•x**slnat\cm of Offie«r ?ary, and ha tsdtlflQ^i that thJfsy sar'' tfta 
•4*"© as "he }5»d rs«elv9<l fra^sc th« pl*ii5tirf In error, s*'-;*! tT'* ooim»«l 
for th^ olt,y effgrs.i t© pr«»^® that U\9 eoitla ^soul-i ^hoXd l«»a Umr. 
ii f.allC'^, and that t^« t>io pl&3»«a woulsl «a©l? hoU l®«a than a gal- 
i<ws, 7h.^ oourt 3tat«{4 that t,h« bottle i*n4 Si*«««^ *'«»** b«fer» 
hi!s, fejii that h« ^oulil t&k« "J'j»dialftl miti<5«* tiiat th@ b<5tti% «©wM 
hold l«»5 than s gallon uy;tt that tJ5« gla»«-e6 af<5ul-1 «a-ah hol^i le'ss 
t.?mr. A 5?:allon« in «ff«ct, tn« court ntatedi thiit hs "3 .3 able te d«- 



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ani Uiw i^liissa^a thfut ntma of tii«»-^ *ct3lv* bsiiei a .gAllon* C0im5»«I 

in Inti pra»sl3*«, ncr ■li-'i bf atit>;.ipt' 1?-! at;|' mxf to ii5j>rcve thsi 
oourt'is oonaiuslon jts- to lh« o^ipaolty of tho bo*utIo and tb') ^tlaoaiaat 
*Cif*eov<&r, ata tJa© ordlnsaic$ upcn se^'la?! *h<5 pro£»oo:J tiers 1 g t»"'»-«»d !» 
Rut In thy reaorA, v;0 nro vyraabi*a to Mif that tha oftp&aity of t1l«s 
tot.ti"> or the gi&ssatus arf+a ^t rA5it.',!irl«ii irsqulry in tMe onsft. 

it !-» i?6St oontondc^d by tL^ pliXirtift in -avror thafe th» 
prvOf i'»ll4* to ^f-iO'i? t'»u»t. Vi<d bottlo cf h0tiZ' &rs>i th® t/S'O ^ia3»>»i» 
or »hiiijka/ Uiiut, -A'ijrw intr*'i'luo-j4 :^.n f5'?lci«mc« .^*r«& Vrt«> aa---» t^at ««»»»« 

it ,li3 ^rtli^'sisr iinn«t5«?J:^-'irf for th-3» pr03«i!?ut.lon tn lr«troc5y<5© t>.« 
«&ldl ^rtlclQis in .^vid^m'^-J, n*79rt?i«l!»sia, ?« Uiln^ th-^ 14«ntitF tut 
ti:<(5 artlai'-js ir.Jir-o'vsoo'vt es»3 ijufxtolontl^ prav^sn, "ro find frc*^ the 

auivya Tross •^3if> pliftlntirf in ttvvor a bc-ttl^ of b«er t*t!^*« t'^o g3.?»n30» 
J Oa *i3i;ii{ey, i*n4 %"ne pla1,J:?^\fr In •jiTT'-'ir t®ntiri^>i thr.*l eb4» .^vs th« 

\ pr^saaa-'Stir.j, iiltn^as a bottles of b5«r rm^ tti-o .j^riisiisaos of wMa!r»y 
for fictMn^j th;-!.t fc-iT fffjkv^- J3«r ^r^ %t th» tl.'sg ?ili<? „;a^» hi^a t'vs bo«r 
&:Ai. Jihl4k«;^» but that ttic si»s saa p^ai-J. h«?' for ^ ro^m in h<!jr i»re?»- 

rhe .3«a^-.«nt ©r th« il-iinlclpai vourt vf 3?iloa5;o aili be; 






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y;i-4 " 20151 I 

i 

/ 
%ILLIAM 0» 4f;Sr/, ) I 

) ^^ftOR to 
V«(S , ) / 

> /■ ommnf i:o\m.r 

th© liilncla t:\tr.n®"i. wo«, a aor- ;' -oO<3R coa'-vr/, 

as ration), ) 

:;«ifoKd«nt in 'iirrcr, " ) 

T O '^ ^ 1 ^" -^"^^ 

JL *i - 

:=1H. Jl?^'?IC<i SOA*?I.ji>' d9liv®re<i th® opinlor, of th« oourt. 

•3t'iil&f? G, ..^ft■«t■t, |il«r4n*4in^ in'-sdrT^/r-,- -her^lri&f called • 

ft iavTj!or--ill©r5, in %:>& vlroult Jourt of cook Jounty, in j^r;- i^otlor; 
ct tr®«ipj*»s on t.n# ©ASfij, feil«»glK.g d&sm/:®® ir th* sun of 'H^''',orifit 
"". a <ar. ftS5«»nsl«?<l d«oiiir--i.tlcn fil#(l cy th» plaintiff, ^^ach a.®f®*-'iiant 
fil-sl * e*|>jti*ai'S ,t-sR0ral dAwurr&r, rise <l®ffri:nclart, iHinol^ ■,U8nn«ai2 
Co,, «s5.>3 Aft^Tw-^'-ris f^i^esi l««ii'« t.<? ^ItMra* its d^siurrr^r fif^d to 
fli-s ot»rl--ln pl^i^a to th^s d«olArrAtio^. ih« d»?marr«*r of th® ■l-^-ifoni- 
»nt, aiiy or vlilCAgo, jiaa i«uatairi<»d 12/ tr.?s trial oc-urt, sund in* 
plalritiriT aisitlr,!-^ to ssta-f.d 5/ its .t^clfur&.t wn m^ to th^ ■:i«:f.%>-:dart, 
;;lty Off »".-;io4.--c, tht* a'-.;i'v. ^^ to tl3« Idt.^t ?m:»^i ^l&tm'^-.dskr-t (^3.s tils- 
aslji^wi an-Jl a 4,;-i':'-:}a.it far c^oafca, ijt fa^ar of tn«> ssaid -Ity and 
ftgaini*'- t>is plat^iliiTf, w^is ^nt^tr^-^l, ::.'-^ plaint iff «xoept@i3 to 

judgK'irit ana »rt<jr»ard», on Fiebnitiry *s<-i, l¥l4, fllad thi» «rlt of 
i trror Ijt tii's .■»ou*'t. I .'.'ha fvlaintiff aisi*ijit;«@d a^a ©rrort -■•■lri»'«, 
that Ui« a«»'4jrt ttrr^sd in &.i,»tAlnlng %h>» ■l&^nxivr^r at dofaji^iant, ..*ltf 
of s>tiiOii;v-> to th« iafft^rxttsd liaolarsaitlon of th« pisairtiff t ard 
aooc?v1, that --h^ aos.irt ^s^riid In ai»s?'rie«iT>>^ th« aviit ftf tha plaintLff 
a-3 x.e *.h«» ..ity of jnl<ja:<i5, j-*r.a ir. usrar»iing «avd. oil.? ^^ jud.':r;-^nt fof» 
ooista. .i-^fvftr tne wi'it of <yrror ii^jiti bwer* i'li-a^i in crsio court, tha 
ddfQndarit, city of ■:;:t I aa?r,o , on 'Ay 2»*, 19 1^', ©in tared a j^-.ottor to 
dis-;l33 th» aaid srlt upon tli« jETOund "tt^at th^;? order or jm^ja-r-t, 



IrtlOS " - 






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,, -,./.? rt^yr^ jr.?Tw ^^^i^-;* s-i'* a«iK8ifl 



to rstYers^'^;' «h1<5h t:'-« mx%':\ »r1fc htid b!»«ri ««ji«i! out, ■»«?! not »t.iwh 
jis. f.ir«.l ordiBT or ,|j,.jd.:t3j«»ni as« cscvyX'S properly b« »?5pflial«*<l frow 
or r6v©rj«<jd en error," 2ti« oottt««iton o^' th» s-a.^.* a«fer3disknt w&a 
Vim.1 th«r*si hii4 not be^r. a .fln»J. 'llar-caltion of th@ o^ms nS' to «.ll 
th« p^rtl'^i:!, -ar. s that, ti"'9 cau«s<& ooull not bs r©v*l»«»E| as to ot.«» 
pi^ris' *t on?? t5.."*<^ )*.r.'i a'-ioi.har partir s<t anoth-*r tl-r^. rho "^otlof 
tc di.::s"'laK nf^i-i ©ppQ»®d by t.h» pl.'ilr. ti ff « ayvl on Jurj« -"^", I'vl'', an 
crder •K-ajs ti'nt<;r<f!(«:'< r«ii'»r'?lni" ,1ud^'^*'nt or» th^ said motion to th® 
ftntU h&ar.ir^^!; 0f th.«i oa«i«. -..n Juts® l«-, isi-''?, the <»,atiss<ij *&!5 t*ksn 
by t^'iis «jQ*5rt, for).-" e»i tiies «as«s tlm* an ord^ar s^a.^ entered -sxt^ndirsg 
th<» t:,i.'-»» fcr tri-g plalt^ttff to flla an abatr&ct istrd feriei* In t?j© 
OS 3© to ?«iif ^, 19 K. 

'j'S flM that th* oialr^tiff hfA>2 not fl.1."^.: any a.l'satrja.cst or 
bfif-f tn Xh^ <5&.^* and liti« app&ri>ntly abandef^sA the writ c*" error. 
und^T lb-- rul':.'a of tM» tso^irt, th<& ^st^ld nurlt ?r.ust b« <ll c."-1,»»ad for 
W'Sknt of p2si>a^0irt!or- b«»o»u»« of ■* fj&i,iur«s hy th© piairtifr to fil--.^ 







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239 - 20169 

/ "* 

\ / 1 O ^ T '^ 'f^ 

tJilrffiJi 8k JU'ctT"-«*rt njr oo»^i'9»Si?toR &|^i%in:!t -, ;i. !!*l«®sr, plaintiff 

iR-#iM«N>-5^-_iitre3.-:«-tifi.«*'r--eRi3;^ tl5>*-<l»f#y!<i«ri, for ^i^-lt in t.h© 

#jw»l<5,l.|»-'*,l .^etsrt of Ohla^vro. rhe ^ult w^& brought xxpon a Isasa* 
oortaiDinf t*'e* uipu«,l oo?""fC'«« »1<*ir» cf judjfm^nt clituiiiai for rsrt du® 
V(f^'l«&r the lft'is'!i*t al-jso a oIj^^uss?, fr.ro^Jdty'j-!; for ^^a?^. attorneys' f««« 

PiT '^orth at v>''0. S'^'i'* plsl^tlffa* st»t.©^«irt, of olsl?r; alier®d that 
t'l® ':*«>ft-»'-'a'*>t o»®d th® plaintiffs t>.«i r-s^nt for the pr@Kl3i?s In 

tsa^ir.r t^® a-Rnur?! vl-.'0 fcr r«Bt -^■'■'?*. t •''»*><5 ai»o :;',..r fcr attorre/a* 
f#««;« or; Oeoert-b^r !'?» I'M.-, tha cioffsndairjt filed a "'Otlor^ tc hav«t 
th.& dfii';! Jv{!sii'.'2«Tit "c-p«n<9d up* a-;d tc alio** V-b dlisf^ndant to iJleriid. 
i.r fflupport of th^? aal'.l "notion, &.r. affidavit of tha d^feridairt was 
Irjtroiucea. Ir thl;« affiaavit, the ;l«f#!r?aant aii3j?;»'l that, the 
pl^iintiffa did. not kessp th® ssiSd pr«*;;;i««i5 * In » good and ©osfort- 
«tbl9 a-..:J ^j-sbltablts oonUtlon, but or tha c-cr.trary -ll-tJ rot provide 
a .hoAt siT.-.i ti!r5?<p®ratur9 of to eso9®ci, to-»'lt., '■'• d«f^r»ea, <iurlnf. 
tn« ocili w«!»th«r p«ricd aoY«srad by th* tlK* I'or w!nlo.h Judgim^fii 
h©r«tn ha,® fc^^r corf eased. * -< -^^ "^^oauas of «*ii'i faot';« dwfondant 
#-ii3 'jvicted fro?r- aiild pr®!r-i»(»ii upon d.lv«ri3 oeoaaicnss, and wa« ob- 
ilfv*-i ?-■:■ scs- roru^® In th« hoapltality of frlotvl.* havlnr c&ri^j^r 
" &-rA '-:Gr« at^.fcrtabl'j quarter-^?* and tiw dftfordant fijrthisr all»,i^,©d 



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th»r h-a h-vd h0*m r^&if ani wlllirt,;; te co^ly with all th* tSTt-a 
•Bd eon.lltlojis of ih^i ^aiiX L-a^na ofellgatory upon hif??, *lnolucI- 
iBfsr ths pf^ym>mt o"' t!i<& ealil rsrt until ftvlotdu &® afGr^iiald." 
j >h..? trl%l «©urt 44»i'>i ■:>■<! the mctlor. or the d«if»'-damt, arjd thii^ writ 

,ih# d«fer..iajnit oorit^nsis that th« trial csourfc ©rrfed ir\ 
cv^rrull?!,.; tha feaid ?!;otlon »nd In ^rarusirsf: to allow th« isfeni- 

«int laa'-.'^j to r&ioxip hiu -'Siattar.-s €:f d«f«naa to tht,- arhol*' oi' a 
pcrticr; of UMi pialr.ttrra* a<a:t!andis h^relK:" tuat the iofivilarit 
aho>@d a 3abKtft.nti«iS.l Isr^aofe oy tria pltt.bitiffa of ©n* c>f fen** yx- 
iir^iis <50v«na«ti» of trA& JLea.w^i^ namely, ii^ls® 0r;*j r^i^tln?^ to tli^ 
hauiln.g ©f tn<# pr<3J'U.®e'; In quoatic-n; that thts «l«f sr: tar.t ht-iid t.i-v5 
r.'^t-it tv rtsooup or aet off ?;..(.;.& inat t:-^ J9i,=iir'.l!^ of th« plrtinliffa 
fch« da-wftg^* sjust&ln*! 'fe^ t-he ;i«fanr?«.wt I'/ rtji4ao« of the said 

tea<jrajr-fii of ilj* .jgtJ i bjr'SACh c.f tSi* ^l^ii-i^ifr^i that aa.idi byda«j3 
tendM s;sr4ly U rviiass tns barj^flslAi fen^o^i^s^nt c.f the prb-Ai^^s 
«in(i dii riv'-t ralv-isiiir tii« a^f®r-:lsMt froRi j-rls li>4bli1ty for t^.s r«r.t 

elriiU"jst?i.r;«sii« sj: ths case, h& hmi ih-^ fifc.'^t Ic nsootp In tb*? pressnt 
aotiw?';; Hush 4At.'(.'4g:;.-» afi. fc:* h.'iCi, 6U6t8tr,«d !>y r^4iE..r. cf tl:«i fn>-H br«»€>h. 

i«fe.ndAr-t, %o havfe rciidh&a. wh^- <jonoi.u&l*i*n tiui''^. tht trial i'.c>ur*t 
did Ti<;.t. v'si-r ir; a«»nyAiit, th© <i®raj.ditnt 's .r^otJ-on i.& cpo?^ up t-u* 
iuu;-i;is«?it fc.n4 i.0 allow Lira to pi«ud. '-ii-^ ?afcit«r.irii iiXle|ja*.ior.s In 
th« af-fi'i»y.lt are 02' th^ no-vt i>;'3n^r5fti ^sliiai' •otsr, ftnii •*<i''«9 to the 

ttRt «ua, "Ui.'ijn clivers o^joaaioru" aicjlRlsh4vi. H-»ii^^ftr t,^« r-.i-nb^jr, 
r!©r tha duration o^ uia dliT'^r**^.- oaaAiilOirK* as&iJlain'Si of» Is 
atatfui: an! th« defendant fails u; gitala ;»itli a-r^' oartal'^ij th« 
t®":-p"^(rtttura &r tn^v pr»:5l»«» at tfc* ti^sa %•^.'^T1, ba a-ll'^rea, that 






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thtt plskirtlffa ''did not prr^vi '.''.(» ?,. ht^s.% ar4 t®^?|1l*!•ratT!r« cf tc 
Sfsa«a.;5, tvj-»wt_t.^» 4?'i dsffT^as.* <^or Is It f.n.i'PietS that t^-se r©rta.l 
vaitit- of tho prertl 30;* was ra<jiissai,'l bf rsj^'-^CK' of i!h« *»lle"'-:« ;*<r<:"r,^- 
ful ;-».ct or or^la^lor? or. th® part cf tne fl^intlffs!. In f&sr, ?hsi'9 
if! noihl.n;r tn th<? a'-Uairfition^ tns th.-^ «tffld.»fcvJt to %h<:>-^ Uw',t t'^e 
ttll«^©d wrcn-y.-ftil tiats ov o^d^mio-'-rii wie^ros t-ot o'f tH.j -•■oat. tri-fllng 

aicn tbat tils* pl^irtiffs shall tnot b« I5.abl«5 l-> dJi'-^^^s^j f.:r -'-ox 
fur'^lll^^ltr■: boat, »"-®t-^ thsi faJluT'? t.o fur'-lah t^** ms^nt^ »aa ©s&«!j@d 
by unairoidatolo ci«l4i? or in»'bllity f-o «i%onri& f u ■^- , svn^5 ih®*'!.* I^b no 

pr-.'vp^r hottt en th« ooaas1or>s Irs «5u«»®tior wns r>©t <^%m t.o »:ir>%vct''^abl« 
<Sel,-.y or tn.'sb.lllt?' o^n thB twiPt a*^ the- pl,f$.lr!t3 f ^^, t.;; »«oi.ir'-> fusil. ♦ 
i« our ju 'i.".?2<^r:t, th«! d*!ifsir-i«.'"t fi$,11*-.:t tr »l-04", by hi r» ^tff l^iavtt, 
&-y '5t..^uit:«-bl& r«ias>CTi ^.hv hi:?- rft.ot 1or» ®Vcuid b;? .s^raJ^t^d. y©r Ui^ 
r**";?cng st^tad, the- 3!i>:gT5a-'nt of th.i3 "Tunt.tlml -Tourt of ".'M^fi^io arill 
be- affin?Ciid, 






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CmOAii^ iJHT ?IA,IL^AT ^O'^PA^^T, / ) Olf OifXaA'IO. 



Plalipitlff ln\Krror. / ) 



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M2i» JUvitXCI-? SCA?^IiA54 'dTSllvar^d ihm opinion of th«> ooui'-t. 

the pXralntJffj rn^^&r^r&d a .^ti'.OTo.nt for 'tiJ^-' 5i5 a-^ not Ion ftf 

Ofell'ft'i tr-a ^.x^ffsntmnt* This '^rl, t of errcr la 8y»d oiit -■;:? th«> de- 

ft:? ri^ U-.il tH'S i:*l«ilntlff *s ol.al!'? la for th« vnXisf» of a harnQ 
c»r«»d f?f t.h!,; nl^^t^^Att, * •■x'rict was Inj'^rsd en «r about OscesJbsr 
1-t l-bi» csn i*#&t#rr>. avenust n<?&r h;rl^ street, ir. th© <5lty cf 
Cnicttp-o, ard -t*g a r»«!ult of th& ssld IrJ :ry, It ^-ftea^-.? r,&o^nm%fy 
t.c kill tb<j ;aaJ4 hor»«, Plairtlff Rlla^r.i®^ th«t trim «t^Ul Irjiir^ 
0i36wrr«d fes a rer-ult of th© n«sgl!g«rc» cf th© again t". a«d g'*?rvart« 
cf t,ho ^oifiiniS/A-'t ©jn-J thR!»i bef-'fa st'";<5 at thf tl-t-f of t^t aald Ir- 
jlur?, th«y *>®r-.'istr.i of pltiir.iiff ^sho w*5.« Ir so'^trcl o'' t.h« said 
?:or»© w-v^i Ir '.n$ v2:s»rel®e of oralrary o«r»? plal»^t5ff all@^«» 
ti-rfet t>>e r«ii>i>»nrst.>:.i^> va.lu*^ o^" <MiM hors© wag I^OO^O^,* Ic thl» 
8trit«»nerjt of olalfj, th« ci«f»rjdfiLnt fll^A ar? i?,fi*»«i&vlt of a?s.rit«, 
vi«r;ylr;jf thc%%. It w-t* guilty vf tho n.3f,lls®na« «harf®-iS, 

rh.^ dsf«ndimt acnt«r5fl3 that tJi-« oo'^rt f^rrsd In -ot ;iir«ot- 
\r>F. a wsr-aic^l for th3 --i^f^mdart, for tJsa rssascn that t^'if- avldensa 
(io<»8 noi abov* tn^^-t tJ^* deffef-'iart via.» ria«:lig«Bt, ^^iA that It doi'sa 
shoij that, trsiis driver of th* nlalr.ttff Md net exftrclsif* ordinar? 
care amd as.ui1or? for t)ie «af«t/ or the ;5lalntiff *■ prof-orty at 
the tltsfc O- th« aool<i»rit. 



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v©racsl» for t-n* r«®.#er5 thJ^it w^> ars ar&iila t-r d«*ter«1.n9 !-lth wny 
©«ri»l»^*- ■/, fro"^ tha «it«?i0«r:Ce In f.?''- 0i* it?, aKac^tly ;#hii?,r» e,r^. how 

fititoita ilt;Af ihs) tip.'.5tlr-0Trt|" on Issspc-rt&nt points *loo"rt'? lljr«» ?*« 

«r4g^n&»" hut ^^/ oor:t<m48 that t?^« eo\art r®pttrt«»r s^-o a?u.\« iir> t.n,§ 

bill ox" «»3f.0!gt>tloT^» fcr *Jir- 4#f«?^.dfert r^Sisliii wlstat^js in tak-ln?:? t>i« 

j&Ti'l-ft^^ns^,, js^nd iruifct h® ioQ}.mnt^l for ths pla''ntlff ), r!^gl«at«4 t© 

«a^i?, for t^e« re.^4<*n that he 1^5 ;i teti'-ty 3.*,«ry-g(r ar-''! tha i^.?^oti-nt of 

alii, %h%m Qtmr% Irs It a •effort to .aaoatrtsslr rvM d^t^f^ilrj* tb<j? facta 
ir, thm €>?*»??, 

amirt ^'i^f Ohldags •jslXX ba r#v»ra«J. sun<i. f'^e ©if5«,^*». r»^'.and*i for a 



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Appal ls#, ) 4PP5.^ J?SOH 

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Ml* JUStiOiS sa#iM^i?-.ji«llv*r«d th« opinion of th^ fjotirt. 

Thiss app«*al la bro*..i.',ht to r^^er^-s a Jusl^nsjSTit. In astaiMpslt 
for V^ fifT.ter^a in the «o^mty Oourt of icoJc County In favor of 
tn«? &5p«il«9» >*a.ry l., ?«^sl«rt har^limftsr calle'l th^ plaintiff, 
a^ti a^ftir^-st th§ ap|j^ilant# Sdlth T$nl©y ^-orton, h^rsslnaftsr oaii- 
od th<a d«f€indai«t« rh« Qu^t^ w«.a triM fcsfors a oo'^^rt ari Jury, 
T^.fe j'<.4ry rdturneti a T«r*ilot firdl'-;?; ih» issu^a in favor ot* th© 
pl&.lr!tiff an<S Ji,j«»a«ir«g Us^ damage* at ff*00, fhe folXosing bill 
of particulars «as fli«'i ir the oaa^s 

*».tlii of piirtlcularat This i*atiors la brc'«v-ht to 

r®<5ev»p» vizt ;:o sart^ioes p©rforr?;'3Ei by pl-.lntlff for ds- 
fe'vi.'irt, fet har r«iuft«ts 

It^OS ) ?ifte«n (if) tripa to '4r, ir&inor*^ 

V'lr. ] officu &t . Iv® :ioli«r# (l^-^oo) 

IS 11 ) p&r trip trs,*>0 

i;«c, ) i^tx (4) da:#^^ at '.isilas'^-iirf^* Jllinol-« 
IviO ) «At r®ii:®ct of d«fcn<iaynt, at iwurty- 

? fW® ..?oIlara t^?>.30) |»«r 4ai? isa,??^ 

/%fe, ) ilft««n ( irO day* At Jslsabiir,if., 

i;il ) Ililnol,:, itt re^jufejst of ri®f«n4art, 
at *»«rty-f4T« (:iSi^,<X>) i>«ll&ra par 
day S'''5^,Of» 

'*lA>^ ) ilx (^) day» »t J&nsa^llls, tlaoon- 
l-'ll ) sin, *fe r«»i«»!*t of deferdsint, At 

^■5*«s--ty-f\v«!< v.5eXli*rs ':,>*■'■. ''•'^) p«r day l?iO.'^d 

'*p. ) r««rty (S*^) profsasienal o&lls dt 
Apr. ) 1./II) r«qpA««t of di«ft^r^A%rt, at 
say ) T»o ;3oliiir« U'w^O^-) p®r «all 4^,0?^ 

Introduosd ovider.oe only 
Or* th«i triiil t « plaintiff jaKa»KX3c«KaK^^^^^^4^xaEQies as to 

tfiij fcil©«irts lt«m« ©f tl^«sf bill of pij^r 1 1 culsra « 



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Ten (10) tH'5'3 to 'Ar* .painor*« offle-? at 
Ivs <Joiiaras (^»i«00) par ^rtp, ^5?>,">0 

3ixte«m (I'l) daya at CSalesbur^?, Illinois, 
at recjuo^st, of ittfaniant, i^t T«®ritf-flv« 

{•■*i;?'.00) per d»y, ' 4?5-?.0(^ 

i?our (4) d.Hfa at J*n«bvlils, i-l»<50r,sin, 
at r«^*4«at of d0f9n49Jr;t, at fwsnty-fWe 
( .*-^ • "'0 ) par <lsj • i^i} , f>f> 

i^^lft««r, (I£) prcif««slerjal calls Hi ra-iusat 

of d<3f®r.<lftnt, At ^'wo Doilnrs i$Z»QO) Jisr 

©all, ' :!^f>.'Vl 



All of th« s.boTr@ it'5"-.s« $f th» pl&lnilff'a alalia ss^rs! sub?^ltt©dl 
tc tha jury, &ithoy^?te th« def-^t^atrit oontanded that It sns Itnpropwp 
to sstib'^St t'.s * .;f&l<j»bidr5 olairs* Itas to th« jury for U^iS r^-isem 
tbat th« aHtsg$d oontrftftt ral»tiK.S. to th» aas-® ar»« a^air!g»t 'public 
polla^ and veldl, Ow th« ?§cjtisn for & tisj' trl&l, tr4e trial ©mirt 
&s»uBe4 that th*» jury by Ita ^^i^lat of >»00 ftllowsd th# plaintiff 
|4f>C for the * i<*i©cburg olalm* lt«58 fe?s4 ]10^ fer th© •Jsp«s»vlil« 
oi&lw'* ite*t and til»ailo*«d ths othsr two it^»« ef tb« plaintiff's 
cltti^, ar=4 th« «<«irt hald th*t It sasi «rror to submit th© * ;al«s- 
burf, olala* It^ss to th*' ji3i*7 ^©^r th«» r«e.aoii that th® ali«g»d «©r.- 
truGt b«t»»<?r: the plaintiff «nd tlef^ndiint In r«f»r«?r;90 to th« 
• Vai«sburs olal^" tma ei,i,?;«iiRet putell-3 pQlV^f snti iroid^ assd tha oourt 
atiit^^A tJ^-At ir Ui« plaintiff -aouid rv'nslt |400 frose tha asrseunt ef 
ths verdict, ha '*oul4 orarrula th« dli«if«nfl«tf2t*js ^^ftlor? for a n^* 
trli*l and *nt«itr ji^?s«nt for al90, and o^^r tt® obi«at?on of tise 
defandfe; i, th« piaintlfT vas allo\s$d to enter -^ rs?sittit'.3r for 
|400 ard thftretipon th« s!©tli»^ for a new trial «ae «v«rrul«a jsatd 
ju^ersient s/is -^'tar*! In fa-sror of th« gl*iritlff for |1^<5,> 

Th« (l«f«?idAnt 9€int@r«S#d Ir. thfe l©««r court »' 4 oo?!t«?^« 
h«r« thj.t thd ctmrt hs4 no rif*bt t© alio* a Judg^nt fcr |l^ 
for tn« "Je^geayill* ©lais* lt*s, fer the r«a*<5n that it was Iw- 
poBslbls for ti^« trial oourt tc detdr^lna how t??« Jur? arrlv#{$ *t 
tj eir veriltst of ^SO<f# «wk1 that th* trl-^l aourt ^l^ht fc« allowing 






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^f '-'' P^rir* m do n0% thizxk them Is any ^®pit \n fhla contan- 
tl«m of th4 '1«f«rstiant« rroa tJi*;! It^sa ef ths plaintiff's o.lal«8 
imA trc^ %n^ sM^tmt of %h9 T#r4l©t, th« trl^l Q&wpt ws,-^. able to 
d«l.?^pr?iln« slih r«&soiGa&l<s e«rtai?^ty thmt th<g jyrj ^7 tholr earliest 

Jj44d s&llosi^t th# pl&lBtirr :|400 for th« *3&ls-iaburg slttlK* itsss ana 
ll^O for the »,T"i;-©airiils ol&t^ lien??, th^ d®f^rsdM.nt 3lt«« th® ©&s« 

®^ kSEHL.'" -^'"te^i>^ .inior, rrastlon -.■o,» £4-1 III. i*44, S'^-S.ls su|s|sert 
©f ii«r >r®ssrA »4!>F>t«ystio», rfast Si*s» is. rot art- ^wjthoflty .for tJni 

t^ <i»faniissst siiao o>ont«ni3ffl tJiat tJae verdlet and jud,^3«fit 

are jasy^lf«iitly aa^it^st th® ss^iij^it of tfe$ ^-^Id^n**, ig'« find %him 
ac^tiemtl«>»5 ic be -without 3»«»rit, rh« pl&J«tiff (a phf^lQimn arid g 

f^nd^mt fs-fprsetl to |iaf th« plaintiff s.^!^ & d&y for tls« ti**® tha plain- 
tiff ^-Quid bfi esTSpftXlfed lo iip©r^ siiS a, ait»«8« in the '*Cimrk©-i®nl#y- 
llsrtcm oaa«* in JTan^svllle, %l«eon«1n, m^d the tjlair<tiff l.estifl«4 

th&t in min^. te, &tt©r.difj^ Uf^sm artd, r@iyii*nln«t frms th$ trl:*i *n 
Qy«9t>:yii, fear day* i«rs» uts^ti* rh« (i©f«?sdar;l. iti«mi«4 th«» allss^^sd 
a:'5r&«-';'*'ri. Itia j^sj^ *y^'* t*h« tri&l aaart- sjis ib© *ltn«e«e« ant h«sl 
a far &»ttft^f' eipport'atfltj ta&n »a i«* ^^msi upem %h«lr or-'v'^SlfeHlty, 
.-ui ««; a.re «a,tl!sfi^4 th&t »« aiknr^fc s*&3r this.t tls« ?in<lli^^. of t-h« 
jxiry, ^o fi*j" s.» it r©i&t®» to th« "Jsj^esvllls «li».lra* it*fi! Is smrd* 
fa-itijr ^-alnat th* 'si&I^t ©f tJs« *vid«y3$ej «©ip ©«S3 tJ'e lU'ig-^M?! 
b« «iild t^ b« a^.alsEait th* «4ari^t Of tfca evlci«r.s«» Th^ dftfsndg^t 
*ldo 4i>Ktiin4^ tixiit thm «vidsnc& of ih« |>l*lnttff fjrov^s ti^Sit 8?)® urn* 
astis|>«ll«»^ t© iia# only i«e <iay« liset«awiJ ©f fmir in tf» Jim®»vlll« 
isi2&tt»r» ifner: ail the s^ld<»nQ* of tha plaintiff la oo>«sid«J*«il to- 
gsthar, '4% tHlnl ti"!© ^Isf^i^darjt'a iTitorpretatla:?? ef t%% «*%6 is 
net s r»aaor!i3.tel<s cm«. Aa sss raad h«r tastit^ny, sJ*« «5««t fmir 
df^ye iji goir.e' to# ftttwrKllnn \sptm aj%4 r«tymln>j frois t5'y& trial* ■:'h» 



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d^ftjn^s^t ti^otifti&4 &» a witness in U&r ohd behalf anvl nhm did 

p«ll@4 t0 s^®?-^-:! f'dmr iiay® in Uie j5-in«»i?iil« matter* 



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:-i&f ©r.d^«t In iL-rror, ) i>,nji0|f TO 

) / 

/ 

iLi.lfe P<^£, ) / OF miQAr^^* 

PXninXitf in-- Error. ) / , ., .-^ -^ ,- •% ^ 

'■-. / '^ :?^n t^ >• 1 '^ a 

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pXalntSff, brou^jht atitt It; ths J^'jtnlolp&l C-c«urt of ?3hloakf,o .«i;»alnat 
ifilils i*opis, plaintiff in «rror, twr^lr^attav t^X\%fi tlie «3©f«rdar5t» 
t(ir t-h^ ssruja of |i;*7«gO, la plaintiff *» «t»t^««itt cf slals! It is 
ail*?:*^ %h.%%, thii 0l«if9 «&»» "for the au© of %W?*d^ Od^«i»»iona 
di4© &© a r^nai/v brcjk^ijr f«^r prc-ouring a pur^ha«©r r^ady, wlillni^ and 
able to fetjy iJi« r^^l *3ts.t« «wii«4 bjr th« daf»n4aint !&r4 ^rnmm &a 
Buobsr ^4«ii .^ar««r AY«f3u«» '^i«*g©, Illlnoldy for t^« pur^fibse 
?ria«& of |aiO€E,oo« Pltaintlff «ta>t®« tb.*t th« ii»u«l und otjatotsary 
ah^r^r:* 1r tJi« ^^It^ ©f ulU«&so, fop Ijsfsrovad proj»«i»ty sB*d# by r«al 
•stat-d Isrokors l^ 2. l/M ©f th« afeia pri«s and thjstt h« i« th«r«for« 
«tititl®4 to a i/ir^. of #£>S50.0'^ a-s his ao?«si»8larj« Plaintiff at*t«ss 
tfoat h« Is R tiulf liowRtesJ rft&l »»ti^t« broker is th« City of vhloago 
ani tl>&t )j® h*» oft«m requests th9 ©Aid d«f«r.a^r»t t© pay his SO!*- 
•ffiiaaion whlsfs tha a«f«?Ki*nt li&-a r®fu««cl to do j*r«J th«p-»for« h« 
brirv-** suit.* Th$ 4«fen(4smt fil«<2i sin affidavit of R;«srlta in ^Itth 
6h& tl«Jii«di that t)i« la&intlff pr3m3r«4 & $u«toR*r r«*'iy» »illifig 
^nd abl« to buy ti^*« r#aJL «ats.ta in <|U«3ticn for th« pur^hikss pi*id# 
of 9f-.-f?oo or any p%fy'*r mm^ .«>»ts^ all<*<«^a4 "tlmt tfe« 3??*o^«rfcy ««.« swald 
throui^h th«i •,2^»n«y *rai «ffcrt« of ft p#r®on ©tb^r th«R t^.-> plaintiff* • 
■fia« OKt»« »&a trl^ fey tii© €»«urt «it,b©at a Jury* 'in--i tfc«» !«««©« is«r« 
foi«rad &|^.a.ir,Bt ihft <5«f«3ndar5t, w^,d th© plaintiff's •l!&'?>^«s w«s»« assesi*- 
M ^t t.fe«* av**a ©f ijf l«*f7t Jw:S.S*3sr»t sass '^Rt«r«'il far Umt a».»^» iin^ 
tiila *rlt of «rror fcllowedi. 






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. .. . ■ v^^icift-^sft^ >.ul '■■♦JJa)® ,;...: fit*? 

r^ .^■:: -T rwr-i>:-' x^ -J i..y..:»^ bmcj. 
X-'--i r'v'7»..vv. let eswtt <'4^ am Am 



*h« d®f«R<1«r5t sid?5lta ths:.t shs lists<i tJ-j« property in 
■|Ud3tloi2 with Ui-^ plaintiff to aitll |*or |0^f>e, tnjt s^ins ooiit«ndl,8 
that tsis eir14««3» falls to prtiW9 th&t fha plaintiff prodi^csti u 

piropCia«<i tey tb.--* ^stf^.^daknt. #« h.!&va oar«fullf r«^ tnj? c>v1/Jt«n-^M fas 
tb« «52i'^«, i-'^ra ^4?e ;ir* »ati3i*i9dl th«t i^ pl&lrrtltf ^na-iis out a olsar 
E£L~ f'- 'Cl"-- oas^j ^^54 "^hlls th« sayld'sno^ for th« di«f«nd«nt r«buta 
th« Oi5ie& 's&d* cast by the piftintlff, y^tf «a asMmct. sa? that tlm 
tlrrdlr^, of t,*'s« tri-til oc?jrt ©n fcb« i*.-^**?* is ^m^lf&.rtXf against U» 

It was not 4taptitaii ^y ths d@fssi>:taat %hti% if th» plalr^tiff 

.''Jj« |>l.^inti.ff <^i5t»?i«i« Umt Um »«tlsK af th*? trial «oiirt irt »r-t«r- 
in^, ^j.ig'^ssiit in hiia fairer for |9l.»'ll'?' in3t«s4 ©f 1l3?«ffO# wa# wn 
arbitrary on* ai%i aa^lly unaarr^artsd tey th^ s^idencs, leri %hm i^lairs- 
ttff ha» aaat.^i^ «rc«i3-«rror t?^«r®OM, an^ h^ a^ska ihi» oourt to 
r«T«r3« t.'h'S )t^i§P5sr5t «r th« ioser «o«rt mrA to »iit«r J\i^,f??«*^.t h«ra 
for th« pXstfftlff for H^'^.ff"^. It ai>|i#ar#4 fro?? tb® ^rosf that 
tti» pleilrstiff, 4>t or.9 ttia® prisr to th© fr^^s^.^ma^is^tsit of t^e suit, 
at?>t*^4 th^t b« *v,-d ■wilUnj' tc ftoaapt tafO-thirds Qt th§» *?3touwt ttist 
Hvfc asis 0T:titl^ to for Qe'?j«jiji«l©n» 4f 'ai« sialic «%r« »«ttl»a# bat 
t&l ' offar of th*i^ plaintiff waa n»vifr ;%«0«f»t«4 fey %h^ d"efer<dant,, 
i^fi thd ^-rid^na* la«ari«g on th« dffiwr &f tse^rm&in^ m^ ln«o?jp»t^t, 
as^d ahcml^S ss«t ha'r^ IwHuai «en»*i4«r«d fey t&r* e^urt in ^^»»e»alr^ tH® 
plsirstlff 'a d&?sa,$«a. ?h« oourt. lS0if»'»»r, *ft«r flKdir?g ttws ia«ti»« 
for tfe® plaintiff, «tat«<i, tbat b«afeyss® tJi« fil*iiBt.lff ?j«4 eff^Sfn^ 
en on« ©0(s&^iar tc s#ttl« hl« ai,*l» for t»e-t^.lrds©f the o«r3^««10fi 
h« «&.ii WTtitisf^ t©, l5« soulsi fix Md 4a?mf.«is 5.t >ai,-?7 in«t»M ©f 
ll^.^. r^tn aetlOB of tJia acmrt s%^ els&rly ucjwstifisd, a?5d 
th» judfjs«?-t of tn® ic.w«r i>«wrt asi'tt th©r«fsr» fee r«ir«sr!s«9ii tjut, 
lf%&«?:mob s&a tK»f» is ?i© -iliaput-* as ts5 th« ©.^oiir-t af th« «o?rsisiesi©n 






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viie plCilr.tiff i^ ®r;tit2.^ t0 rs^aov^jc, XT h» iss #<«^ti4i©'i t<> rs- 

£ib«i Jil.%l.n4irf sl.;.lMi-. that >j« «»?* CGa;p»®ll«4 te file a?i 
»d.iitlon:?-.l '*?>»tr^-0t Qt th« t«i«stls»miy Jn the oa*'? sit &c ssipe-Rsa ©f 
|8,af, «r?l h* bus g^fead this o^yri to tax U.« s<5ldl a^sous*. as a p&rt 
of tiie »0sta of tb.® giiit, ar exiysir-a-tlen of th« 14.4111 tl or, al abati^ot 
fil^a fey %h^ plaintiff !3Jj©*« tSs^t It •sjontalnw -An ^h^tri^-nt of a c«r- > 
i-a,in »ll«giM »i«tt.iea*rj?. ^f f&at»» tsJ-sleh 1? net, ir. f&^t, a «tat<i'5eRt 
vi faust* in Uiss aifesft, *j^ ?iat« r»© prop«r pX-ise In the fios^^rd, ill© 

c-f 'i&ia**,'?© »fi*I i-# rav^fi*^ a^ Ju^iij^a^rit wtii b« entered >,<^ria In 
favij/' wr vii'5^ d*f#r5diaat in •:3rT©r, (l>i4^1ntlfl* balo-*) and ^-^fitfiat th« 
pifeln&iff it: arr-jr (d<»f«rK.li«tf5t £^ai4»a) for ItJf^*!?© m%A eeat^i, «lth 

*-a fir.l thAt i, rj»5>&tie,, d«:f»tKlttrj^ lR..]isr^» flalntlff b«los, a 
real ««sui^d bra's-^r, r.t tb« i«4tatr.<5« ar4 r»q«««t. etf .^llXio Pe?«» 

<l'ifwr«t<tr,t*a jjr»f«rt..fji to «hssa the d«fSFn4sr!t sold it, ainvl thtii tiM> 
valU9 ;>f th« gl&lntliT *6 a^rvioaa in that bdhiU.? l^ th'> mm of 



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EilS^ON iJlwiSPH, JACrCii o^iJBHCvflT^; and/ 
AiJii ■■iOL'^:SLAi'£ , Oo-ptirtnera do In,;; / 
bxiainoaa under tn« flrw n&'no aTid/ 
style of uL«,Pi^-H 3<'v'D^iO«I'ri3; & Jo^l^- 
ULA'. i'# \ / 

\ Pialntiffa In irror, 
1 / 

\ / ) 

WtelRBKM^J, doing o^jalmsa^.'jia aHOiJS- ) 

ii9t^(Xkntii In arror. ) — oxn.* %^ 

^iArK.-.L-'-?-;. 0'' !'}•£ CA.^!^, fhi*- l-»-«nlattaohra0r5t ault Inatit- 
u%»4 In ti-.tt 'unlclpai CJourt of Chioac*© by .ilaort 3l@ph, Jacob 
iJ.jir-drovfitz ««rui Abo SoXdfclatt, oo-.partn';^r» del ng W gl4>»ti»a ^mdlar 
'trne--f4rpw-Hntr-t«-ef oleph, oandrowltz % Joldblatt (iv»«««4nai*t^r r«- 
f«''i»*4~trft. ;t«- paauinttfT^), iigjilnet :«'. '^roissrsart, Joe irooeraan and 
iri. *felr5b©r.':f dolnir bu«ly!o®8 ans iroas^Httrs i'^rothera (h«rt»lrnaft«r 
r*f#iip<Ki to tus tiis ii«3f»rHiatntB ) . ?h« affidaivlt for attachaent 
upon «*)ii5* the writ i»a» lasued waa fll«d on the iv'^th day of ^fay, 
r./13, the ^'jroiind for attacVua'jrjt ceirsg rsor*-r»eid9r!o« of the dofersd- 
ajita. Ors th« jiana day j>lalntiffQ caused to he e@rv9d ae gamishea^ 
toe ioodrloh rranaportatlon Jowpcitijr, which flleil its ancwer on 
Jur.a 7th, Btstlng that It had aertuin property in Itw pot53«saion 
beloni»;Jr.»; to %hM dafendar^ts. rhereufter atepa #er8 taT^en to ob- 
tain >:iervlco on *.h<» dafandanta by pubiloatlcn. On Jun© 17th da- 
r*»ndants ©r-tertra % sp^^clal appaarar.o© by their attorDaya, :^olely 
for tlA© purpoiKi of ^^ovins^ to qu«3,3h this iirrit of atta.oh?:j»rit, whioh 
Motlor, howover, *ao ovorruledj and or tf»a sa'-a da-- i»ave waa 
granted plaintlffa to fil«8 an aniand©d affidavit of attaahwont In- 
atant;iir » w}).ich *a.^ done and an order srtarad upon the defendants to 
file «trs afflda/lt of uiarlta urlthln ton days* Thla asnendad affidavit 
of att&chjntant stated that the aofondanta wera Indebted to the plain- 
tiff e in th^ auin of §545,18, belr'!; an ovarpay^ar.t on *i draft drawn 
by defwndanta upon the plaintiff a j and tttachwd to said affidavit, 
and made a part thereof, waa a detailed ataten-.ent ahowing how thla 
tA^aount waa arrived at. 



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i'yn July 20tii dafsnaants filed &r» affliavit of 7n=vrit» and 
clalJB of ««t-Kjrr« 'fhta affidavit *aa ^avrr. to by i'rark irossnar, 
a T.t-rj?--««i' of the d^ftn-iiv^t fir?R. Therein h« d«r!ieKl that th-a -i®- 
f«?r.da- t» ware In ar.y wiaa Indebted to tlia plaintiff », A.nd Tvurt^ier- 
!aore a»t forth aff Ir^^itivaly th^t fbe plaintiff a had pro^aiiued to 
pay thd dsfoni&jitfl the gyra of ?19R7.?^ij, and that aft^r alloslng 
plaintiffs? or^di?. for th© payn^nt »«d«, thora *a» ;a bAlanos still 
du« of ^llO,?y, dy leave of oourt, thie affidavit *<t0 withdrawn 
ar,d an ar»nd^ affidavit of W'^^rlta and oialo of ast-off «&« fil^d, 
whiflh dimply «f?s? t irto gratttjsr d«tail r«gs,rdlr;g th« transaoticn* 
bct^ean th« purtlt'-a. 

ro tnlB attended affidavit of counteralftlra and ust-off 
pluintiff^i »er« ord»r»d to fil?! an affidavit of m»jrita, whloh t?iey 
did on ^'luctjat iy-d, 1913. on tho tritii of th? oaaa bofcro the court 
aJthout » jvirjr, on J^ptsiober ^4th, <»viu«nc« wa;? intr<'duo©d by t>i9 
plaint if f» td'^iirii; to support Uaair s^taten^jt-jt of cl«iln. At the 
eonoluaion of plsilntiffs* case, aisc*;^; th« ^-otiorsa Kiad» by ths? i«- 
f«mdsir5ta a&b on« to quash tho attaohraont on tii« trround that tha 
pialntiffa' tostitony showed that tnelr cl%isi resttjd in ur.liquidate'i 
d«or»i4g©s* and oonaequer tly ocul't not bo Rjide the baai.'s of orlprir.al 
alttfihsst'nt proceedin>»i3: whieh rrotior. *p. j overrule 1 by the x'jourt, 
DafftrdaT^ta then proceeded to put In evldar.ca in denial of plain- 
tiff a* <iiali7> and in support of their affidavit oT m-"rita tmd olaiTJj 
of a«tt-off. 

un .iovesTTibftr ^22nvj tbe oourt » after trtvinj-T had the ca»® under 
advise- ft" t alnc© ijepteraber 30th, dia^iseed iht* suit for «ant of 
jurlediotlcn of the Subject "^mttor* at plalntiffa* ooats? ordered 
the garrdat'.ee diaoharcedt and entered Judgrawnt afrainsjt the pl^iln- 
tlffa for oo3ta, - froxa aflaioh judP:T9<int plaintiff.* have aued out 
thla writ of error* 



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.tv^T*!* "iO Jit.' OlilJ , 



mt^ JU irxus PA'' ddllver«d tha opinic*! of the octart. 

Plaintiff a ocEBplains (I) 7hat the ocurt orrod Ir ffind- 

In that Lha said attaaniBdnt suit ^ix^ to reccver unllquldatd<l 

djt'i^iiirtitt; &rA (ic) that th« d«f«n'i&nt3, by filing an affidavit of 

ffisritis ixrd olal?^ cf »«t-off to th<^ plaintiff s ' atataTsart of oltiisn, 

after t*>>< -sourt had overr«l©i their motion to quash th» writ of 

a.tt&oh's«nt, rot only tintarau tnaXr g^nsrs^l appoararc©, but «8k»d 

for aff 1. rciiit.lv « relldf, sxid Ir ^o dolWi', si4btnitt»d th'?"«g<¥lvea to 

t?i« jurl (.diction of the ootjrt for ail pxarposep; nor6ov«r, that 

they further oonfinsed th« Jurladictlor. of th^ ocin~t by Introduo- 

irif, evlcicnce in support of ttie affidavit of mwrita ajKl their elaini 

court 
of eet-of^ aftar the^bad r»fUK«d a,t th«i oloise of plaintiffs* 

Oaa© to dicrilas t>-© suit for v&rX Of juriadloiiOTS b«eau3<e th# 

cial- «.»a for laillquidated da»n»free? that notwlth3t*ndlng th« 

coiirt WRK of Ui® opinion that plalwtiffa* olftlsj wsia for unHqtil dated 

dar*f!»« and th^rdforo not the mibj^ct natter of *r! original attach- 

ae»?^t prooeodir/,-, d9f«8»ndaoitiS having aa^ad the court to ta>'« affii^A- 

tive ao lor, t-;« sourt «i«ia bouni tc disregard the nature of tJie 

da'.''v.,:6t& and prooo»d to h&ar all th« Matters in cortrovsray In an 

acticn of Heaun^pait. 

;o thifi th<9 d«f«rf!ant8 rsply: (l) i'hat the oao» having 

hvtav tri«d *^ iho«t a Jury, nc quwatlona cf revios wtrjs presserved 

by tn« reoonxl baoame of tn^ failure of plaintiffs tc aubrait propo- 

altions of la»; (^) thut tho (^ourt saa correct in finding that 

thd dawai|«fca jiou '^^lt to b« r«oov®red in the attachment auit v^re 

unli'juldatad: &nd {Z) that the filing; of tha affidavit of msrlta 

«rd olajEJ of 3«®t-off, aad tho proceeding to trial upon the nj'*rlta 

did net ccnfAr gen^i-ral Jurisdiction upc?n tho oourt to proceed in 

;ho r®oor*'5 ooni«>a to tViia oourt in the forw of a stenograph- 
ic report, cartlTied to oy the trial oourt s».a b^i-in^, a correct 
etenogr&phic report of the proce^jdlngta of thy t,ria.l of th« c&d», 



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ATd a ocvraot atiitwmnt of 3U0?» other proc^ddlngs In aaid cuuaa 
u» *!iid |j»rtl«5? doslra to haw© revi»w«vi. 

The record ahO'.'<t» tJsa-t d«f ©ndanta * racticn tc quash the 
*'rlt of attaohiasjit #ai» ovsrrul«xa, ana that upon l«ava bair.'? i^lv«n 
to fil4» ar, d-wend^d affidavit of attaoshEscmt lr;3ta,nter , d9f emdwnts 
itora rulsd tc rii«i ars tiffldavlt of fjt^rlts -tsltnirj t»n days, oo- 
toniia,r\t& filud not only *vn affidavit of a^rita but al»o a claim of 
oat-off. Although this wdi© »»ithdraiii*r! and arsothf^r <3Ubatltut9dy yr^t 
■snem th® Ottsts iTsnt to trisii tiiere waa &n affidavit of werita ftnd 
aittl" of 9f3t-off on file, and «tr affidavit of sTj^rlta fll^sd or. fe®- 
h.'iif or t!\0 plaintiffs in ntply to d&t&nd&ntm* olv-tlra of 3«t-off, 

At tne c05-clu».Von of all th® «vid«ro«, tho oourt ord©r©<J 
th«r suit dla(qi«»®d f<>r wartt of Juriediotlorj of th«8 anbjeot 'setter, 

'j?hia ftotlon of th« Qsourt mya tants»sount to grant ing dafend- 
anta* mction stRide at th« olow© of tha plaintiff a* oaae, &rA th« 
court. In i*rri vir..;- at tlUit cosiolusicri, a«ted upon the theory tlmt 
the plaintiffs' fcotlors w»i> to r«eov«r unliviuldated dinsjap-.sa* for 
»;>i«3h &n orlfrinvii att<ia^rajent prooe^jdlng woull not il«?« 

ih© ar)«»nd9d affidavit of sttaoterent stated olearly that 
dafer.danta .isre indebted to j»iaintiff8 In a Oii-rtain deflnlt® atj«? 
in fast, no qu«atlon oould ari^e en tn& fac© of t*'.« affidavit that 
th© glalw saa for liquidated daim«:©«« 

■i*h« raeord In thi» caa* 3ho«ra that plaintiff^ were doing 
buslrseas in the city of 01rlofiii?;o, whil« d»f»Tvlants' plaoa of ■buai- 
noae w&& In -ailaAUk^e, fi«eonain, .*:oth .9®r<a an^;a^9d In d«allng In 
old iretalH auoh ae br«fc8», tin foil, tubinr* radlatora, flto. On 
Muroh .4, li>i?.-, ft r»pr»e»ntatlv© of tb® plnljitlffss purohasod on their 
b»lmir, rror- d^f^jvAHiite at iAilwauk®«, certain jiaterial, oonslatln^, 
anonr cfchax' tJiinga, of rod brftoa, borlmra, tufeinp.a, ra41ator«, ©to, 
k r,e-orandurj of the agraanisjnt ©ntorod into and slj^nad by both parties 
HU& raade ?4n ©xTiibit In the oas#. At the titsa th« ft^.roar-»nt «&fi en- 



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teroi Ir'to, plalritiffa depcsitod i^f'^' aritb d«f9n*iaT5ta» 'Ch«r9 Is 
practically no dia-put® tn th& «»vici<»noe with referenoe to th® ne- 
KOtiatl&r-j Itfadlni? up to ths purohas« of thia rmtt'rial an<i the «r»- 
t'^^rin^; into of th« aontract. 

At the- aara© ti^On n^gotiatlono '#«r« entered trao vsrHh 
r'sforf^no© to the i>ur«iu*d6 of aoiae old tin foil. Ae tc this trans- 
aoticn, -er.ry .-,, Laim, wno represented plalrtifra therein, tssti- 
ritjat thiiV t;t«s tir. foil wan k«pt In « rjun»b«r of b^irreia in & 
nhedj t;:.a.t aa tli® (sontonta oT tne barrels could not b® edftn, t^'rarik ■ 
Jrossniin or a«f &»r<d&aitt» * flr» took out a piscst of the tin foil* handed 
It tc hiri, and at«it«.i tn&x, It *«4t? & tWi-'-pls of what tb® barr<?lr. con- 
tained, dtt^ignatini' it aa "tin foil arid pap^r," a ^eil krioafn t«rs9 in 
tJ -' asoondhand rietal l>uisin©*js: that h«s *ts.t©d that h« wltab^d to 
taivfc tht/ »i4!?ipie bajk to Ohiaagc to have it as«$a}r«d, and would then 
fftibfsit a. propoeitioj: for the puroha»« of %h^ tir. foil; that th« 
3uapi« wa,^ takstri by idii:'. to JhltJ&iii^^ an e^&Q&y aade by plait*! tiff 3? 
that tbo a»»ij.y siioised tJriat the tin foil &nd paper, .*s par ae,!r.pie, 
wouLi ru. acout 4n p»r o©«t. pure tir. foil? that th« valud of pur« 
tlij foil waa 41-1/%' p^r pound? anvi timt upon timt lX4,8le h« 3Ub- 
hiitteu tc i-rttr-ik .rosa^i'jan by tal^sphon©, an offer of Xl/ per pound, 
ifc'hioJi offsr, aft**r aoB«u n*gotlafcior.a, was acoeptdd. 

Plaint if ftt alao Intro iuced a lattsr in avidono* in corroljor- 
fctlor. of t i^ 8igr«f©Bierjt, iffhicii w«.6 ay. follo«'a; 

•uhio&go, j^ar. •?, l^as. 

(irosara&n t-roB. % Cto», 
k«ll*auk<je, .via. 
J«ntler3»n: 

Confirming t©l«phon« cun-^foraaticn toda? '*« have 
bo>av4;t aT)d ^ou Jiava aoid about 3 ton of foil «5tb paper at 
li oanta pii'r pourd: tbia you ndiy put it) oar aitt? oth«r tantor- 
If^i puroha8«d by our ' r. Laun. You rs&y load oar on aitbsr 
th« C.*:..i.it,?. >..r. or U..4vUW. Ry., and conalgn the 3aw?« to 
l-th V Jsff'^riscn .*t9., Jhioaf,o, ill. 

irustln^j you villi load the sat!?© aa s.on an poeaibl©, 
v& roT'.ain, 

Your SB tnfcly, 

slopb, s^Rdrovrit£ A; ".oldblatt, 
A.ri, ]y, A. :oldblatt. 



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gith reference to the loather boltir^r, ouJ> party is 

out of tciim ixrid aflll rsot retiirn until e^iriy n©xt wo©kt ho 
Aill cuil cn '/vu }jot'© ti-^^e n^ixt iTeak aa soon as he ratume," 

Plaintiff 3* tevitimony furthar «hoa«<l that the tin foil, 
«b©n it reached Jhloaf.o, was not "tin foil ai\fi paper," but "tin 
foil -^Ixed vrlth rlaoa an<l p&par," and thut it .sas «<!»tj that th« 
feiijay of thltj tin foil showdl it -soulci run only 10 per o«nt. pur«s 
anvl that the valus of the tin foil was only 4— l/ii^ per potxnd. 

Dofendieitfc* testimony teroled to abow that Ht the tin»o th« 
tlr, foil was b«lr,g diaouosedi. It could plainly he seer, in the bar- 
rale, ari trmt it i««.e stated to plaintiffs' representative that it 
wttB "tin foil i«lx0d with glass and p&pvrf" and that it wua w«>tr 
thiit h» wtinted 1'%-i per pound "ao it runs:" that plaintiffs* repre- 
sentative said he should take a aanapl** and t©i<t it and would oom- 
rflirioate «lth bin further; that afterwards ''r./y '»roasr!»an was oallod 
on thy t8li^ phone, and after diacuaein^ the price Xcxxxsixfre , (m 
offer of 11^ par potted waa nade for the tin foil "as it runs," which 
wfeij t.Ooepted» 

ihe evidence clearly ^howa that th*3 controversy ovor Ui« 
tin foil aiia not «lth reference to the value thereof, hut whether 
cr ret the Tsatarlal purchased wuo "tin foil aind paper," or "tin 
fell rixed with f5laas and paper," and wet. The basia for fixing 
the valuto ef the tin foil waa not in dlapute: it was not, therefore, 
a <jiae»tion of unliquidated domageu, but aimply a question whether or 
not plaintiff e or defendant 8 i^ero correct .".s to the oharaot«»r of the 
tin foil that ^f.-ie purchased. 

Another controversy »roa« «lth reforonce to the rsati^rlala 
purchcised on March 4 and Made the aubjeot inafct«r of a written af?r^e- 
utent. xha evidence ahoats that thie cuntroveray, in the taain, did not 
«iffect the vaiutt of the n&terlal shipped, but raorely the question a» 
to th«» anount thereof. 

Plaintiffs Intrcduoed ovlderuje to aho* that they had nDt. re- 

Ci^lved the amou^Tta purch^aed, ^nd oiaiiaed to ha'/es been shipped by 



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taw d«ffm<t»rta, i'Ms waa denied by th« d«f«ndanta, rh© raoord 
ol«e.rl7 dho*3, bow©v«r, th«t *-ith r»5f»r»no0 to certain It^re ?3ak- 
in^ up plaiKtifftj* olaira. It ims ptirely ji queatlcn cf conmstatlor), 
Buoh n» whothwr or not ao tn&n/ "pounde of red brast* or yallcw bra»« 
litid be«n shipped, bdo&uss with reference to theae Iterrifs th^ A»*50unt 
to be paid for either rei braa^i or yaliov. br&bB «h» fixed ard def- 
inito. ihita Ih ar oanR, not orly by the (rritten rsr.ora'^duw of fe£re«- 
ffi»nt in evideRoe, b^it also ay oral tostlraony ir the oaae. 

At thft tlRO shipctent was ifiad», s. ir^ift rfa?? ;Jj*«3r ftr» tb© 
pl&intiffa ir> the sura Of ,('l,i!?7i;.0:^ ?fti!oh w&s attac5h<5(1 to t^« Mil 
of l/vilnr, ay>d ;'iihloh ■<?&» paid by th© plalntlffa before d^liv«!>ry of 
the material, Pl&lritlffsj oontend thnt by payr^ient of tMf« Imft, 
tney ovarp^iltt a^fandants for watorial tshlppod th'ivn xmA&r fh*? a^rdO- 
nsdnts sntersd Irrtc batwfttfn tiJSJE; that fcy reuison of thiii OT»rnayrBent» 
d«f©ndarrta ^ifsre Indebted to thoia for TiKsneys had and x^oelvedy for 
wliloJi An *otior) of indttbitatus asfJiiwpait would li©. 

?lair»tlffa th©r«for« aiaintuln that the oourt arr»<2 In dia- 
mlaalr.*^ tiu> suit for want of jurladlatlcr of tb«S! subj^^ot saattor. 
And Ae concur in this contention, in view of the facta above stated. 

That thf) oourt had jarla-iictlon of th« paraor.s of th.^ -16- 
f«ndant» i^ «svid6no®d not only by the affidavit of saerlts and clalsa 
of d«t-off , btit by fn& Intro-iuotlon of ©vldonoe In support tberiaof, 

Ir. tbo caae of 3&ld«in v. .VoC lei land, 1^2 111. 42, the fol- 

iotfln.!' appear Ano« was entered on bohalf of tho defendarstj 

"W« hareby enter the appearanoo of the above defend- 
ant, ar.d our appearariOa a» attorr.eya for defendant. 

Cratty :^ro8., Attya. for .-eft." 

After fHln<:; th« foregoing appearance, the i*ttcrnay« aslted for a 
rul« upon thi> plaintiffs to file a raor^ ap©cifio bill of partiQ- 
ulari ard a bond for ooats, arlthout llraitlng their appearanoo for 
that purpOBts. *ii<ii oourt h«ld that thevse acta oonatltuted a gen- 
eral tippearanoe iir.d, moreover, tJu*t th^f partook of the nat^ire of 
affinrativ** actd in tbo oa-uae, arxi thtit consequently the deferidantB 
had eubwitted thesaBeiyee to the Juriadlotion of the court. io in 



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ti5« oti-iG at b^r. "Che fillri% of the affidavit of sjerlta And olalm 
of set-cfr oar le oonatrued only as & g«fKural appearance and. on 
tifflrmativu uot wi-iich oorferr^d upon th« ocurt Jurladiotlor; cf th© 
perdons, i*h« court» therefore, should havo proc«i®<ieii Lc try all 
tiid i«6U0is; ur;d ftfc! th« judgM'.mt O058pi;ains4 of lahowu tJ^'.t thk-> court 
fiwii&vi to 'do lio, it KiUiJt, bo r«3ivtir4«d - provid^-xl plaintiffs have 
pn5p<5»rly pre?5®rvdd tl>ls fjuaatiosn for r«vl©w. 

*ia t/-0 oourt**3 rullr^g ifaa u^ivsrB® te the plaintiff a, 
under ii«>otion •'\l of th« ?ra<}tlo« Aot they !ir<* entltl»a to have It 
r«vi<ii«dd In iiny court to «hlah th»i a^m& o&u»t» aay co.??? or Rnp«al 
or ^rlt of orr^r, .ilthout forTinl dxo^ption thar«to. 

<u*n th« quoatlon whathor or r.ot plaintiff^s hava praaarvad 
f<l»r revi^A ti'ui >juei»tion of th& aourt'a ©rror In disxsisalrjg tho ouit 
t\>t wunt o.r Jurlddilotion of the aiibj^et matter b-aoauaa no proposl- 
tiorivs of la« iiud been 0ub:nittad to tha oaurt to tie tiaia, defoiidanta 
ocntend that In tha tibaonoe of ij'aoii propositions of law it jmjiat bo 
pr6au!?j«<l that the court proc6t»d*u on t2i« correct prinalples of law 
and appiiovi then to th'j faate. vmile thi^t oontentlor way ba aon- 
olviiilv© Ir) osfrtairi oa^^s^s, it ia not 00 in tli« oasa at bar. 

ri"i« purpoiisj to b«! jubiiorvod by propoaitlonw of la** ia to 
d©t0r;T!lne whether the trial iud^^© UitUnK as Judge and Jury) en- 
t«rt«.lt'.«? oorroot vieas of tim prinoipl«»s of law involved Ir the pro- 
cootling. xn sows Inatanoea it l*^ onljr throus^h the isedlum of auoh 
propo .'Itiona ths*t the record can be null's to ?>how the views of the 
oourt »?3 to the principles of lu« applicable to the factas of the 
oui,?©. union tract ion C^o, v. vlt;y of Ohjcaffl^, UO^ ill. ."'V,*, In 
th« oaao at bni , bo*'evsr» the ruling- cf the oourt Its^ilf chowed 
the principles of l&^i that Iha court applied to Uv© faote< there- 
for® it »a.4 not nooeeKary that tho propocitlons of la.* bo preeont- 
ed to t"n«s trl d oourt. 

l*e h&vs already h«14 that under Oootlon <^l of the Practice 
iiOt Lh<* n-p-pQixrunce of thirj advarue ruling in the atwrographie re- 



>.- ••-..w-.'i»^? 



vf;-; 









pert, vshiah »i*3 certiried &a corr««3t, prQa^rved plairtiffs* 
ri«;i*t t;j ha.vo It revlew«d without the n^odsnlty of a forwal ex- 

For thij ra«iaonB herainsJBOv* tt«elgn»4, the julg?3.ttr3t of 
th« v<ur.loipal woi?rt will bo r3ver«4i»d an*! th© caus» r^Knardod. 

RSVSRSFD Aim K&UMVjiSO. 






■.'f.i- 



■ . ">. j"^ v:. r .y. 



■n^$ 






146 - zm*. I V-..^ '-■ 






Lf.'lllo J. iij.ui: et al., . ) 

Defendanta ixi i-,rror» } 

j BKKOR TO ii\iJ:iCllAL C;'Ui^'r 
▼s, ) 

} OF i;.iiCAGu. 

JOiiKih BT'CV.'ll & COi'i^AKY, fi Corp., ) 
.-lain tiff in "rrror. ) 

\ i 192I.A. :'0 
\ / 

BffiiiiVEBED Aii}: ■ji'il iOB CF Tit£ OCUM-, 

In tuin cnuae a i^oLiorj iista deer. i..aae &'■ tiit: ae- 
fea<ifl.fit8 ii» t-rror, wuo aps rar pr^^ ae., "to utriice froK ^.i^e 
record tne ijw^-called correct .;t,^n.e;!.e.tit of Vncta or .;ilj of 
xXcev.tiona nno to ntiinu u-i,e juiij^jfienl with statutory da.v-ai^ca." 

tl:e KCJ^ior. tc strii:e froia the . i-ani.cr,i.pt of 
}^ocor<i tlie .ocu^.f^nt 'i^tiMed " ^taL-acnt of -nictij Hj-.pcaring 
upon the trial nrreof," is allowed for ti;<» rtiaaon Uiat it j*p» 
paara by the tranncripi f-i.nl t.h^' tinv^' for tne defe/sdaRt t;j 
present the t^.teticnt of f.cto Hj;d, coniiequently, tite Juria- 
dictirn of tne Juajj^e to certify to tLe -.^^n.t, e^ioed ui un ,. anu- 
ary 1» 1915; <:;jif?rea8 it further i».rjess.rs i/i ihe .,t'i tf- cnt of 
ii'acts itself ttjat tito sozi-c. 'tf&a preoenicd, signed y.nd aeaiega on 
Janunry .•-, a, :;. i91b. ■".nf:; f-'Ct Lhnt J:n.uf.;ry i, 1^1^, ij a 
laoliday, ititntioned ir, our ; egotiaV.lf' ^ndtru *«?'.t8 hct, has 
notiiin^r to dj -dt'- the mattfr, 

Aa tiicre- is no f-rror asiii j^ed uj on trie co,:>,.on 
law i'*4!Cord» ti^ere is nut.aut, before uss to judtify furtiicr 
Consideration of tiu; caui^e, .-iRd the ju^J.aent of t.hc ..unicipal 
Court of 'iiiiiiai;o iu affirnt-d. Vhere ore no jtrttutory daiijijifs* 
iiowever, t'.. asaeas, *e ccvnnoi- j^BiiUwe, ii-'-ving atriokt^n the 

;itat.p;,::fci'it of rrj.cta fro.-'i the files, tjir, t ihe v.-rit of t-rror was 

au«d out for uelmy. 

The judfeii-ent. ia nffirriied. Ai?iPI.tlM..D, 






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l^ - 194v/b 



£LLRIDG£ RAKSCY, ) 

P'iaiiulff ill Error, ) / 

) f£rrcT xo 

of ChlCHptj, 




cms PUEtlSHISG ICOMPMY, 



\ 



/ 



i b A. 



8im. pr^iCSTciKG jUfTici? F'Apjf^p rsiiVTMr* t?^? >prKin^ of the cotji^t. 



fbi« ?si8Lis a troit uroti inn ccgount £a*t«;J in *t;ich jvad^^esjat 
*aa r43r,a«r«;t fur |1JOO, Tha record i& in two r;:irts5. On« ir i^v^r- 
tiii:tu to on Vurcfc .i, iOiJ, a.i.- thi; trHiij?c«'ipt cf trift r^soor:" of th« 
ctusd in tr.s MuniGipsl Court ol C)3ic«*go, arjo tb;j othi-r iv c^rtiiifecs 
to -a» (vsiircn is, IfflTv, ».* -an KSviitionsI r«cofci ot -nic'. csx.es, Tha 
iijtisr is 4r4 Jo:..-s« forK nmi contaice two dccysents, oud cartitlso. 
to Xi'j thvi trit^l juci£-e ^.'8 *sd4.itiona'i ttirot'i -rt t-roC'sadAif.i^i! aufce«- 
rju-fit to antry r.-.f ^uSrpn'^%,'* »na i.;r.a O'^rtifia-.i to i-y tte *«£ st cor- 
r«ct «tsnt»f;r??-ptaJo ryifort oJf thw avia^ne*^ intrcawCiSKi anu proos^diaj;® 
in t.hy «au0a. S-AiJ f.st*«0£;rarh4c report p'^itporltti to te^#; b-si®K' p.fa- 

Sisntda, iji,^^^'^^^ *^-''"i*^ ejiai^ij or* M&rcJi 17, '19} 3, two «lA]r« aft«r tfai« 
"is-aai tioKiil r-scoro" «»;»« c--»rtifi»ci tg by t^'^ cisrk of tfcd C'-mrt, 
Furth«ri<.or«?, thsfiS la. nolhim; %k imkUaxt-.^ that sfald «!t3iivgr.!iphiu re- 
port A«*t» av;-*r filad in tf'3 Vuriicip^^ Court, Ih'S (slari'^a ttranecript 
of tbus ^rSditicnal r^secrS drjas n.>t rvscit-Jj t^«5 1 it isv-sr ^--^s*, fctia it 
coea not tSVSR b«ar a fiia »?!ftrK, Thtr'3 la netiilng- to isiiO* tr.-'^t it 
d*ar ii.^c:v»::!S & t;-;s.Pt cf xhm v^o'-^T-i sf tL«j Cs:-urt bisloe, or th?4t it »;i.e 
«»n actuai part of tb«t ajdiiior^si tr»%nticript: ahsr; certifl^a to by tli» 
c;*rit-, in tii5» at&^r.c* v^f ssi.ci;; showing,; or vjxj itstt-tticn of ?;i36 inoca- 
j^ruoue fetGt.9 of t),® r-jfcjcrd, th« section of ^^fsnu^rt ir^ ^xror to 
utri^e e&id »'>.GAilad siteno^.r^^.pbit; ratort frot ti^ie r-^tJOord t^na tl-i>s 
t'iias of this court wl.u I* t,*-^Jf^t«d, 

A«, ail ihi* *iii3t':!»;1 <irroir« rasllisd ui^iix -^livi j^rgusa i,-y 
i/iaintif f in drr-.ir *r.i i:riV4:it;»iti*4 or i r.vc<sa:iic.i.„a. of tvhich jao iri*«ord 



/ 1 ■ • . .' 



i ■■ ~i ..<:■ 1 



. ■. ; ifi ,i^ i i: 



t ^t'i r :> 



i as 




ve, i / ) Court> CuXirt, 

\ / ) Con is County. 

ROYAL N;i:iaBrrOMi 0^- n^miCA,/ ) 

» corf or3.tiot>,\ / ) 

\ / 



la 



Thifc app«*l Ite fros-. * ;u6gM;sftt for 11,0^0 racovsrtci 
»g<i.in«t J* frs,tttSiRsi ■^itnsfioiary (5Ci;i»jly on ^a can<fil o=artiJ'ieat« 
l.:3ftUd4 to Xh^ flifis of »>!.;;:.>i*ne«, 

Th« only question 4% nsssi c^neid^r ie ^^riSthus urirtE^in 
fiiifts an*««rc n.^o.^ b> t>:is Inistirsa !« hsr ^j-r; iic;*tian for r^iat jr- 
ehiij rs!nai«r«a the b»n«i'i«i&r> csrtif ic.;.t^ vcicj, rsgsrdit** oi" 
wb«ithi>ir ti'iSj uis tc- i.-a cueaii*r«s,i. -afe »-srjf'Anti*tt sr fiiSrK rarrafcar;- 
tj»tione. 

contr^^vt «ith th--^ lfi«tirfa lc~ not -lusetioniici. In hsr t*, ..ilcwtioc 
»ha ci«ciar«<,i ana rssrrantuci tivi^i hssr c t^iisi* sn tc thir<*in ■''■&r'.y fuii, 
I 008.pl«t« anci IltariSviiy Irua, «»■«& «;,:'r«»d that th«y ahouia fors; » 
S^ piift -of !<)«> C«nsXlt c;»rtif icuts, aR<S that if ttiay .<»iw ri;;t trva, 
^ it 6i»cu2a b-aoett.w v i-i. The otuj 3 Wf.ra^ifc'^nfc *»tj vileo «ft;bo;*i«a in tbsi 
csrtificata which wIbo bt**te4 thut li *«,». i^^.^Uft!■■i \n c'cn«id«r tion 
wf this «*irr©.r.tA8ti u^iMx i.f;;rtteBente «jj»>:j . ty th* ©j- j'iioaict, 

Tr; >nf3A«sr to two ■'jussfttiofis in h>'r **• . : iicHlior. for B.»f.-'» 
^ bsrehip, *h»th^r within tbu* :i;*it »avin >s&.r«i i^m lw:%d ccneuitssa a 

F-hyslciar. in rg-ard to parfconaiJi alifi9nt», f>r*v:i Iv^;^ -ivsr h'-i r.fiotuiioaia., 

i <laDtf« »ho!n» that Otis Dr. H^bistnloht was C")fie\ji tsvi ty hir i:. JitRuary, 
S: iUii, about Icur m'Stitht. bufvcn* hjr ar-f.ilci.ition *eiS( felgn4<i, anu ttiJit 

hs tb«w tela hftr, "I iivo&si you j^ot ? littis tr .>r,c.hitifi, f«aue.disi«. 

Yyu cu«i» Xti fttyut tAo vjr tUr«« daye Aiua cring yv^vr ej.utuft-: *»itij yom;» 



f 70 ' i-0 t 



. --LA- 

} : t'i-ti f ■ -■! J rf f> i .;>,^, i. 

. . -' ■ . 1 to 1^ .^ .■! -:; v^ iL 4. tt 

,. ^' .; ;-. ; '..ir fet fc.i '-. ^O 
■.. J ; \ . ,J-. . ;.■;,!.? 1 .; i-Su:i 



-■■■■• ■ ■ I 

;.v.. ; .f,:^'... f " ,1-4 i.i'iJ a»,'tJ »d i 



AXki t»»tifiev» tLat ©h« ttar liaa "ranweoni'j, Ictuiaria jrniuaoniii..* 

ooiinsctii'^n wllb th© fact that in Ui* autu«.n gf thut ystur, lul ewe.a 
KQJftthft o.ritir i)4r &j\t Ilcsttloti, Ic, AUrecnt tr.-3st*d h^^r for julroaiify 
tubsrculoaifc, froar j^hicf. *:h« -iia-i th« fai4o«ln£ Fs! runry, ,^n« /or 
«l<loti ttJi« w^fe trisatsd b> Dr. Habsnicht »»fcout t*>v sdsj*** tsfcrs «nd 
(Jissci. Thi «yl:i3inc-8 i«i uncirfair* »b4tts«r thar« «afi »uy d»v«lofp.int 
of th«t aisaaiii* ^rict to li-»r '^; ):Aic*ition. ?."Xit th« fyot thr-t ^h« had 
con»ult«d a ihyE.iclan for » fsr^onoi ilie^^ct, of thd i>uturi of ^hich 
she •*«.* ieforcard, atAndiJ ur.i4U4©tivri«d in tfcltii rscojTii, an-J j. ri«i^«»ut>e 
tha *;vei»tion t.jjtthsr :;r nc-t tb« court should not hi»,vj» ^rantsci a4- 
f«&aant*« tt<?tion for ?i dir.fafeeci veycilot. 

In a Xouii ilr* of »iHil?^r os;s?!5fc. It htife b»«n t;4l-^ timX 
ft.atorii&l jj-ier^i. r«ttaiit3.t4ons r*D<i«r t).-^ .olicy v»r certificjita voii, 
<»Bp«sclaIi)' *ba<! knowingiy r!»a3 by tha inwurel for tJi* rurfosd wf 
scouring ini>vTV.rc9, i»v*n tbcu^ih tfedy ar«j not »»rr*nti**. Tis* casaa 
on lh» »ui-ijdiot ar« so uniform t^rjrt curf^jrcwis as-; cot tr rsquirs ci ti» ticii 

Tb» onJy qu'ststlon orsJ^' f^^"^ a.rjUR.«nt a^ris i^ *a3thar ts**! 
fai^a eta tat'-^ntB in qu^^etion ^^ora nfet^ri**!. 15« think thoy »ar<«« 
A^.ilA&ttt vnciut5«stiuiw«.fci> had 3 rifht tc kno« thai trxitfc j-yrtainin^ 
to the ;i;;piic«»nt»i' pr3Vii>uB til;ita of hssith '-e a taait for Jatar- 
ftinin^: wijatbar it *ouIa Ate-i^Mtta x,t\4 riuk, Thts .juaationt time, un- 
truthfully anewdrsi hues m air^^ct t^ftrinj, on t.L&t viu*8tioti, ?fcsthdr 
•hft h^*a ocea^elrn rraviciueiy to coneuit a {Jbytician in rsi,arcl tc 
pareoKsi ailtrwnttt ts-ic a.>it«risi to that anu. If <.h« iv;.4 «srAe*»r*a 
trutbfviiy, tiTj:iii«nt ri^ifht h«V'!i vorifiaa hdr wis tsn.i*nte ar Wv«* 
bi»en uii^iiiirij; , «ith or *ith-;.tut further inquiry, to incur tOd ricK 
of inauriiig and «ho h^^iJ }i#d OGcaaion tc c->niBv.lt a phyaiciac for f:ucb 
a.ilK«nt only foux K.cntLe l-if-MH, It car. ^uiy t« lnf«rr«d tliwt et* 
BU»t Jte.v« r«£*r<ied «uoh circwist&RC* »s uRf*vor»bi<3 to fear atfii- 
oaticn, Qia^ «ha woula ii<-> t ti.->!Va coiie^alad it. 



... ■ ;i .h^iL 

■; . ' . ; ' '^.ai iiJRv) ii'Ac 

• ' .. V.-, -.' . -.i.j.sa'aj/ !..iU 

■ ■ ■ ^■■'^^ .,' ■» .; - ,■ ■■ A.: ■./.*; '*' *u.«;,.:ie'i 

■ i .. j> ■>.'.■ 4 'J'- (, i(ijt ■•.->'',■.* iSC- 

< ^ ... ^ .,■.■■:< , i . . : c; T 

- . •/.!-:.,?■'•>. ^;.a;/ iar . : ■! ■ .3 A 

. • i . .. * >'.,-•,::.•, ti' i-a"irt^,J-ll 

r . . .; ,*.<;'. <.'■>.-! ■ li. :,.:..■■. ^ :,•'-; ij»s;i »(iM 

. ■ ' 1 i : *,»:' J !.< . *' " ^ j ^< I. •% > .1 ; \ '':('■:;• i t \ 

>- - r.i i.:^ ii^ ;, ;■, rri ^ V ,, ii.iiniw'iJ 
:'.V'-'' ; » 'i I * ■■ -to /.;.,.'. , •/•..i I. i ji -til* ii&td 
; noiasopy ;,•-.; ; ,i ...-tU *rto 3aii*?«,al to 

■'.:.■.■••. .Vv. •.■:.. Ji 13 /{at:-. .■j«>^"I4^i«.i feVijA i«j|a 

' ...,'!,.. ;'VT-- ,:? -„^ i;><„--»' trf« tela >*.•. 



.7, - .'. -»- 

ftttacK in J'ii-iutiry rnd ths> rt-JV.^,lG;:5.;::trt "^f tttbsrculoais, l. -a ■yciv-iac^ad 
etu. J in t'.a 6.utuB.n of tha w.-t-ji y:i:-r, ■ <# art* unwtl.s tr> 4i-i>" froa. th2 
j-dcuri -^ria it ic. uftfi«GiSssary t.-. uuacia.ir. toth thj* ri.. piic- tion ■:sn<i 
0'!»rtifi05st.5» :ijr!.rh».8l,isci thi r^jq-,. ir^di'.aat of truth.fv.1 s t^ttsss-.^ntii «■* i* 
con-iition pr«o<da»nt to v. biaain? 3>J^tf^^ct, thus .t^irninv, tti-i appli- 
cant ol tLcs iffact of t>"ii'a-«i rwij-'int'.! tion. Bar t! t-4t««.ij»rkt!;; i:..s.v4rig r.rian 
ucquissition-iafcly ;<ixl kno-«iri^iy /m ie« ^Iti r-sr^rd to us t^ rial tr.n tttsrij, 
a»p4icialiy afc to i ratviovisly cons^s .1 tin-r a rhy liiicicin, t'r.'f c^^rtif loti ts, 
by ita ssxfra.?« tirrr®, lacia.s vole, i-ifui t'"ji-: b-suafic^iviTy ol;i;>ia3a ncj 
riglitss th.jrsun-l-ir. Ths» t.iaiia:oi"y di^eloeiu?;, tmch faiiaity nut Living 
tsan contraciAct-iO, th.-s tri?*! curt eboulci haV;* dirsctsd ^* Vrtraict 
for a->>r»r.aaf;t. Th^ ju4;.s-jnt ^ill b« rs»v;i:ree,1 v'-r,.'^ Judr;s.:-;rit c?r.t.;r«Ji 
hsr«* ?itb s fin'ding of i\.ct iricor..or?.ta.i th rsin. 



■; ;.■•-;. ( 






47^ - i9B7b 



H-'ZIUQ "'F F;CT. 



it! find liiij't hoz^p.'x Potil^niik, '^^i^o^B IV^'i -A'jl inuj^sii %'■..£ ticTt 
bsa^si'it oi Jo;s-sr h Podlaya^;, ^t,-^lls^, Vy \'f,c Roy-.il Hsig.ijb:;r* :.-.f 
A««ric'i, a;:;-v?il&.Ht, 3io. within s-jV^i-. yis.r?. r'^nsc^idifij.-: ¥e..y 7, I^'-ii, 



..r.V 



PaCPLS OF TH? 






VP,, 



\ 



V. 






..^ 



/ ) Srr'-^i- to 
/ ) Uvnicim^l Court 



ol' Oni«;affo, 



X ^ /^ 



U' 



forc-Ktici^ chvrging- hi^. «iti> living in r^^ r>r;.*ri Ktv~t'# of <-civiIt«ry «itih 
cn» .^ny ArrRetror;£, It Is i:r£.«j.l t):*,t V:^ iri/or-W'i tion cfcfrg»»® no 
cfjR4ria.l ofi'ann'a, rtic that t)vci dvici«n«(iij r*^: :i JR.-Mjf f iciwRt to fjho« 
en off-inivs ur^d-a! '■ J-»c. 33 of tVr.-j Crle!;in:?i"i Codis on ??;'tich tha infor- 
n-.&tion r;iste. 

As to tb3 ififcra:ftlio^, it 5» c'i^itte^i that It ir a-iS.icU 
ivis iii that it ffjllfc tD ch':4y£a ( .i ) thai th«y •iiV:i;'1 toi'Stfaei-* ano 
(i) ihixi thtsy -^airs j^iot iratridsa t^- oi-s* sxiottcir. Jt ii. dilficuit to 
URd#»r8t£»r*d wty ti>dfc«s poitits «hcuid b«t r^lssd. Contrary to ths first 
eont^t.tion tha infc..r;:..« tion ii> S'pt len£u.;'f« ^xprasfijly alUgse that 
thsy ij t • 11V.-3 to^-.6t!"3r, «a<t c-;nci.-uf. iv<5 '>.f th» isitl&r i?* ths C'sea of 
C. ran<j V, Fa or I s ^ i'iS lil, 3i;ii, *li«;s thss e'ic.e roinl ■•■*»:> urrati b.R'4 

A a to l^i« *,n*ff iol«nc> c^f t?.'a ssyiw^nc*, th-irt,- csu t* ae 
..luastioxi, 

Tfcd ohayftctssr of tha off-anfe-w is^ ;imj »hiQh h; t««.o 
etatvt«« iu auff iciajntly ?-:rov«)(l by clrcu^i-tsncs? »tiion r-Hifi>« th» fr^- 
auatrlicn of coh».i.- it.it ion •••Tid un".;*«r\ii lnti?'-'tcy. (s^jc, 1:'„ Hri^irsAl 
Goos.) 

Th;i *vi;ii3r.G3 c.U«r"y bhc«*e tf.vat csacb ul" tba v-^rtide; «*:&« 
parriaci ;\cvi kr.a* thi* oth.ar isae; that h* i?sa iivinr eerurat* sno 
ar'iirl ftmi hi.. *ifa i>n.i £<hs froit* h-jr hv^t-^^nd; tirsi h« had rynt-ac. 
loonrs in rJiffsrant rart« cl Cblc«».|ro %t alffsrt^at tiK«e and ,;ccvii-i®c}. 






v; '.y: <:.• li. 






than ftith }\'sr, sxtui that in ftcn.3 of th^ j-laoaje i;b« took hit-; nan*:?; 
ihiit in ontis -f thd .:'iaoti6 thati ■»■••-»; only ^-ns tad, that "cotb ^jf tiiaa. 
^ara sassj" ir. tr-o r.n;.! in thalr nir«t oioti-i-ae; ti.-:< I ti'st j'iuc*! tf,i3> 
ilVcia in ^fc5!j3 t.ii3 inf ojTtr.H tioii iV.HK fil^a and 1vrii.£, th^ triikll &A«i 
r^ictdd XV. ti.iir joir.t Jisn-sa -sT^j occ^iplsd ty t>ot1:i cf tr.sjii.. ftiUIg 
tftisr-^ w:i« >'• vU'Hiiii C'f ar« iillcit ■«*•:; lft,tionfchip and thai t^.ay occii- 
pieKl tlie eaji.^ f-.'O-iri, it i« uri?Vice««2y ry t':' x^svi'^-i'- In .Idt-iil tb«i ,5vi- 
'i^iica that juistifiiid a oijffsraivt cone lut ion. ficnrcaiy «.ny F.or^ con- 
vincing ^vi.iijccs! T--«;u.la orciinarlj t-is raquirsd, 
T h 5 j u c {.:<i; •■; ti t « i 1 3 1 5 h ff i r f ^4 . 



I J.. . X 



THE PjCOPLS: of TM FTATE '?¥ ) 

3 TT.MNOin^ \ 

Dafdnsant In Errot , ) 

) Error to 

■\ ) of Chi caff o 

Pi<, intiff in Error. ) 



k'F. PhiFIDINC JUr-TIC£ BlI^ME DSLIVFRED THK 'l^PINIO?} '*F The COURT. 

P3/*intiff in s^rror ^s^nts triad sna ccfiVictad on .sn infer- 
uifttion cbor^inir hj?r siltn :iivin£ aitb on^j Christian H. ^cte-^slfdi- in 
an opaii etcivs of roxnic?.tio-a, nna alieg.:in£ tharain tbf-.t &h*? aaj*. 
thsin an.;, thiiii & single tiaa uriffi-'S..rxiia(3 *os«n, Tiiw ^vldssnce iB un- 
aif.:-u^wa tl>^t etiS *?i«j si (h&xtimi "^an^^j:, ia oihich ca»» th«> «vi?i-sric«5^ 
i' t):u3, P:ar5-« h^r r'*-'i*t;y cf Hvinp: ir &r ofiiri st-,'> ta of ;x.iul i^^r/ 
infctsad ;;., fornication. Thi rUstliJcti'm ttft.«$«» t>:i' t*o lo ■^sU- 
*.no*.-i3. I..,,- fc« {'ui.i. ty of tha f.>rR:ar cffan*;*;-, tJ^-s :v,ivrss->» ch^^rgsd 
B:U«t Lc a Hiivrriad j>.irs<.ru; te t ii guilty ':'.f tf-& iJttt^r, an una€.jrriw<i 
i;«i:d;>R. (i^uii "Fornicj! tiors'' - Eouvier'^i L--**: PU-t.) Thssrs ■v^s » 
vsxianos* tstweisn tLs information BXia tJv^ evldsjac* to *hioh ht*r 
oounjssl cftlisid att«sntioR at ihn ol««4 of tha caa?*. Thi; avider.co 
4oee not isufet&in thjs judga.isnt ^no, it iscvstjt bts jfitvjiradd f^n<^ tJi» cciuaiS 

REVERSED A^D Hf^fAWtED. 



.AiJuoiaiolL '■■. 'ftsT-j. 






a^^a?i?v33 







nillAV. J. PMCH, ) 

Dsfsna^nt in Err,)r, ) 

VH, I ) ¥yf»lclpa.l Court 

THi ?£0?I.S'P F:i^Ci(r?^ C^VPASY, ^ j / 

Co ri^o ration, \ ) / 

?l*inti.ri' in Srror. ) / 



-■■■ ' '■ * 



Tb* triai of thic Qf-tts *y4i hftri tejfors th'^ court with- 
out a Jury, So f ropcisitions ^jf is* w^r^ iiobtltt^d to v.« h«li :*.s? 
duch, uKii no uontrclilng r^u^e'.icR arisaa on tba ruiinge ssi to this 
$vii-;*ii«*, lbs ■••,«Iy 'juaation p.-«»s«nt«4 i«. «c.«th^r tud avi^-jyr.cj jus- 
tifiacJ th* ficaicr: snft jucs.v.e-'ant for Fligfa for *ii4S,5:J3, ciaij»«>ti a« 
8iila.r> auv» hij? jx5< esor^tarj of tfcs ai>.fsridsi.nt, a oorporiitioji, 

Migb «9s itC) s-arcr'^jf^.ry^ s^nd, toc,iSth3r «itb its |Kr«8i- 
cient .iod viGd-prijaii«r;t, consti tv.t«jcj itt). tcasd of ^UrtsQtcre, lh« 
si tock-ho 3 dera voisja th^fc a s^isry of %bO psjr wa^k e<icb« Th^* rcsao- 
iuticn (r'psjcifisc no pftrticulsir cuti'se to ta p#rfor{ii*ji3, and thars *■*• 
an rsKCiteion ol eucb uctioxi. Tiis co^pHny 0!-9rat-«d a ho^. p*okicg 
tutiln^Ka. Ouielcia uf bis autitfi ir. ©acristary, raij;:h ai^i th* buy- 
ing ol tae hoi.t. t'ut piainilxrf in i;rr:ir olftiws ta^^t t*c;ivi;©s in 
July, iv^i/:, thto coai-f^ny tarr-porarily ^tofrd.i buying; hoga^ tbue aiij- 
i:.en6ii.t< ^iih tr.-s necaasity of ijiig.h'fc •-jjxir^ ^.srvic^e, ' Hi it israe 
thtta., hit) salary c^daa^ci. Th» B-,lniit«ft of ths corporsition whew thst 
tiia 6.. iary wat votaci to hiir, ? *i ftn officer -imi rot for eny ei.ssci*^ or 
•*/.tr^. e.drvicas, • 

Aft-ii t'tid cowp'^ny ctiftg«i1 fctiying ho^**, it wcaig-^.t to aia- 
;-v.4.:« oi ite troauct on hariCi, iil-aut |20,0Q0 *orth, not ni%t> h vii* of 
uloBint out its fcueinsjse, but t;; sts^rt xif ajmin .latar, ivLicL it ci'J 
with frwKh c*r.it.ai in Dsso^isl-'dr folioBlDg. 'What th«t s;dv*ra: cifficara 
<li<i in th« B«s»r;tim« ie not ."ifto^n ly tb* rsoorci, tut Biigh atiii c«n~ 
tifiuai to act ao «s>cr .itary , Thfj only ccritt-gvdrtavi ■;ju*«tiC'U of i&ct 



' 1 






^'j- ofllci&i HClioc s^-Qj} takers in r«;r'^r(l to it by th-^s to'ird! rf cU- 
ractorsi or othsrwiei. Ths only «vlvieny<3 directly bisHring on tts 
tiUbjdct ■was thitt a tonvare^.lion ■«?v6 hart b«tw<isn th-i rr8?''1.1snt &M 
o«Jcr«it ry aiciil itvhlch thssy dlettfrss, tha formar ciHlirin,^- it -^^i^ to 
tha srftact th.^t ths eHla.ri«t8 *«rij to c«s-«d until ti?3 concarn et:.-rtijci- 
up a^ain, arid, tha ■iatt'S.!.', tbst ths salari'de '.-ittra tc b** ar^aitmi but 
not paid uriti"; th<5 coR,!--fcny r«sufti?i>;i activa o;M*rft tiorui. Rut Iv;Jigh*a 
vcjrwion of tL».t tt^atlsr le corrolJv>r&t..'4 by th-j o.srpanyH lookK on 
whlcfci hi i?R» crsaitaio with tnj i-cn^nt of ^al^ry «!Uvjid for an<i, ;ia it 
appasrii*, ^itr. knowisdg.^ of tbsj rrtJCiiU-int^ #ho s Joo'S aj:p-«s.rw to -aiisi* 
puts this ii&5,iiity, an.J if fci iv;-d '.>ny po*3r in tli:g rr..:i 1 1 sj r , hi* aid 
not ciiraGt tha boDkk«a»f:«r to a-j««a crssaitlng- Flif^b «ilh Ms aslary 
uaiil Ciitol'ir l^Hli, up to v-bich tisia tha salary «>-»; clui£5ad. 

f* do not think it car, b« mid that fcacsueii du-ting tb« 
intariK b«it«»-*r; Jvly nnd October i^'th, h« dij not rsrf&r«; «ucl-, oxtra 
osrviu-iit*, h-jj^ thiT^fom, t«».*j tict ■intit2-<td to a ealary ae ifiiacra»ts.ry, 
lior that cscavw^ tii« Go«.'pyny t^ftp.'sriiri'iy isuej/andcsc! (ictif* op<Jr*tion, 
th'i ctii£ktion tv .fulfil', itfe contraot t'j i&y s^lajri'SK tcr^rinatsct, 
So quttetion ct' i;*.* ori t}:d n.Ktt.tr i^'v* liir-iictly rfeietsa i^aa th*^ wvi~ 
';iiinc<j ie Bufficiaat to si-tit-viin ths ^udfr.Tsnt, sbich flill bdi effirsdci. 



S4 - riv248 



\ 



Dtj^n^iant in (Mirror, 



VH,, 



ft. H. HARP Eli 



8 ^ 




) Srrc r to 

) isuiiicir-?! Cyutt 

) of Chlijago. 

) 
) 



9M 



4 



This '«ae « s\iit on a pr-tTioleccry nets, fferasr .vas- lb* 
ajsk«r jrid it was aaad X"^-yi-i-'''i:* to tha ovi^r of A.. L. E^rry^ who wiia 
prsttid-snt of >'i a f 3 net a n t in arrar, Th-s fins.! dnaoreasnent en thvs 
oot^j -^fai- by A. L. B-arry to th:3 iprdiir of .-l^jf-^r.daat iK -jrror. Tb^-T.-* 
■fimr^ jrior an.aore:*c-;ntu tt;i»r!«on, but all had ^313?; ■sjrosddL. 

Tbs ..!af^rie;ja pls&lsi -ere (i) -r't-ni of coneii^rfe tlon, 
(.0 »ai>t; ul ion?iJl titiii^ (i) dt^rivatioii of titl^ fro*}- ^i fcr«ifrc 
uniie«sntjsi!Ci coriorAtiOK, ^.v! (4) frauduito-n t o^g^nizatloc of d«ftnc!-. 
ant .1.nr:rrcr. No &trt«tT.pt wsst! fliadi* tf> viuet-sJin any of thaes d£jf«ri8«6 
-ixcajt fcy c&iiicg ii. L. Barry, vM»r tsto. S3 ef t;--w Vuniolpjsl Court 
Act. Daf-sndant rae'j-^d *ith his ttetio^oay ami ih-^ c.-.jwrt dir^sct^d 
& varaict for ^vi^iintiff on itt* aotion. 

Th« ?;x&£inati^:jn of eaid F«rry containad B.&ny iniiXruu- 
tionti t)ut no ^vi,iJ6nci* ct a.ny jr.roeativa viiiui for ciisfand^int. Th-ir* 
^rjii no atliK-j-t tu v;rov« i^ant of ttj^nelvitsrsstiort an-i mithin^;. ti>.At 
ha.4 ^^^ny i«sgltip*f.t;s t«nisiicy to »ho* that dssrtJKd^ttvt in wrrcr voa not 
a l3(;5k.l hoia«r fur vsjus, la.vsmuch &*;• ths r,ot5; *i:^e n«i£;r tiittssa buck 
to tht* >.«y«a of ti5»; notsj vvho snaorssd it ov^jr tc i'if-au^.&nt in ^rrv;r, 
*»* fina na ocoaaion f,3r con^ityrii^^g th<3 fciiturs -f that tit^s vf t^a 
intarvdning. sridorassa svhtocs <sndi-'r&*<j.3j;ita v<0f3 «ra*«ci t.y Barry as 
h« b'.?/} tha right tc 4o una ax tfe« ^*ac.otial 3 .s Ini^trucsnt *^ct {Sac, 
48)^ ana th« instru»t3at fciavifii;: baen Kagotisited tr*ck to bi« , n<d fcai.1 
th'3 rignt tc i'»-js«goti-,it« th« yasj;,* (ftsc. 5C). Tn-ij tKati^-ony relied 
Ui-on to «ypf.ort ai^ia :iif i'.-jR0a^ had, bo t*n1sjR«y t'-'. tffjfc;>biiGh i4«y on** 



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of th<sn.f )inif At ?48 vi«A it, to .lor;|; r*e t>)© riots c.-»si a teck into 

intervariini; v>ii<i;;.r » ssa ';?».<' a foraigfi correlation^ unlicitniss'^i to do 
bufcirvaai* in thit «t»tM xc nc-t. Tb;» judgttjfit vril). n-i iifi'irp;^d. 

AFnPJJfD 






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G7 - 2054? 



\UCitSi, m^> A CO¥F«JY, ) / 

P- I Vf^ .Sr/CfX to 

vc, \ jf Mijr4icir?!i.l Court 

'■ \ / 



l^F. Pn^BlDIWG JU?TIC£ h^mf. VaViiS'tJ) TH£ OPINION OF TF£ CnUPt. 



& wafahuusaitan t?^y i 'ickin^; ct'S-.'Sifi- of ir. i rc)ta r J Ics an<l ciyis-sd that, 
»h«n th«y ssrd risturnijd, vourt-^un of ttj jirtiolse .vere? siij^iiin^ o/ 
tiJ« vfci^ius of 1^51.75, c.na Ihn ti:^> ^^sre ioipi- throurrh aifsncn^Et's 
r.«£iii,antts. This »:.vit s^iii^ brcugi;! to r-^cov-ir th-34r vs»li-ja 4rjo th^a 
tri.;iJ >«>5.& h'ld fcal"or«5 th?^ court *'i,tl:out ;* jury. Dafanartjit urt^a 
thyt tb« sviiji^naa »Us4i in^uf f ici SJit to 5?uot"ln tb^* finaiwj; ftud iwiag* 
iirsat i'-.fc'Ainiiiit it. 

Tbcsr-a is no .ioubt tkxt if t!;« [..oodB wisrs lost »thlle in 
<l:sf4!»tuvant's? pos8®«»it:5n through itis ?id£;ii*rsco«, it ■would tes li^sbia 
tharafcr, trntl if th^sr-,* ^-iB TAfifif^.cla e7i:iC-;nc«» of sv.ch "ice*) -uia 
thai the cafess; cont&inA'5 th;-; ioet Brt,lcl«>fc » h*ri dsllViir^d to oefstmi-. 
ant, tha fcvrden of praof fta*. on d^^faniitiit t;'. stio?? th-^ t they '^erw not 
lost AUils in its; custody or through it® rittQli^-rfnca. 

^ Pivviiitil.f>; ' »i>,pj,oy^, »^o pc-cKaa orj* of ths e»r>36, t^^sti- 
fied thot »h5ii. it «:■. ii r^turn^a hcj txiipgcksti it ftnd fcunO. th»t e«r- 
tain »rtiolds Ls li'v<-i put into it ■t'sre a^ieeing, -n-A that tt.a box aji* 
brol^aii Sine e;ppi*3r:«cl t:> hviv«jr..i3n t^^ir^pcsrsa ^Ithi jind tii* t3etiK.o»iy aa 
to tkiig C';>n>iltion «f tl"*« o;«.as was ccrrcbcrij t«d by on« of pl&ir.tii fa, 
E«t tn^r^ vf^,. no ta»tlaony Oicv^rinf. tbcs parioa o,f tiu^ i!itt3rv^iriii>iS 
th«} .laliTsry vf tna CSK3 tc pi Aintifi^i ' ttia«,fe:t<ir -.^ricl hi« -.-^iivsiry uf 
it to pAaintilfte, Th« t^uisvtcjr ■«4c tict Cttllsjcj to taetify, s*r.c i*o 



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pjrssua.ption couid bs frcpjiriy iB<L5ulg«4 Vu^i it si^t not ta»rsr«d «itfe 

Th* Gthi^r csiBd 'c:-!*'- riJ{;tJi|.: 6s*<i for t-j »nwth.3j' of rialn- 
tifs' t;s&B=f:»tetts '■An<j. ;ii4iiv*rea to B^mr^, riotbuuk ^ Cu«5'pj>ny. Onss of 

pl^iintif f a' invnics and fotind i-«og5« ol" th# -srticiais ^jhh ff:.lfc!»itig. 
But ti'iti ii5V -ictt s-ts n-.:t iroducaa cor v-ae coffpateni jroof nfai-lc of tti^ 
Ciontftutt. vf tht; box. A ff;«*R;or&rtdUK4 ptir farting t-c fce :5. copy :f:aaa t^y 
tha firAtr,«Bd iroK. (::;» ir tiffs' bc-okr, iL)f «?. ii»t of ths ortlci^s i:»ok- 
*--. ixi '.fi9 lex «ai3 r»cefiv©il -^ sviagncs v-sf it® cc-i-jtontt c>var -isK- 
f*t;'.js.nt 'fe oi)jtJctiyni but tb.*b./C.kt thv;f saiv«j«, ri^jri: m-^t ■ ro;iuCisa r<or 
ttis aorriiotnsssfe of th^it -.iritriss? «fco<«»n by th^; bookVsv*i.*r «ho etiJ^* 
tb.«R. ur by uny i,^ihgr ccKpetsT!! 3Yii snca. 

On the cvontr&.ry, it *Tta tasstifi^d to by ciefisridant ' 3 
tOT^K>i,n th»t- ha farecnlsiiy racaSvad tfc« cssas for &tor»£:«3 ana (supAr- 
intanaea its plilo£ of thsir *wa.y; tt^%t hs firrtiorvally daiivsrua aauh 
to plaintiff©* rviiraciivs t,Kfc?i.fct^rs, taking tJsssiir r^ctsij tw tbar»-» 
for, Atiicii ifeit'rtta tfiii.i th'siy wiar« TaQ^iv^a V;y ih«?i in 3:v.<oii crd'^ri 
tliiit h* p*recnttJLly kn-^v-r tiissy 'n^rss in tl;e csv^b-b Cv'aaitloK wb«r, asjlivdi-w 
ad to Ctfivi tdS':„et«rfc i;% T«fcsn rcjceivarj hj a-i'f<»R'J6nt, that fc* hsa j;yr- 
eouHl ciiaxt'd cX tb^ ais-rshouea Khil* it ?'?*e oren; %m kri<*A of xio 
th«rt co.-.'^ittacj th;idin. ?i'.: iiatlf f « adiDlttitn t>4Ht foisr of d-jfsnd- 
ant'y sppioyaii «ho b^lpaci to ilie ths c:^'r«6 vi.jui'i, if j-ra^vnt, ti»t'- 
tify tiv.ul thsy wcA'Jsed crcurii tb«* wJirshoue^ and tlicat th« oat^e *(ai-a 
not t6,a;p3r-4d -Pith in v-j&y A5»y ;ind 'fear* in tba «ssp^^« c -caition :vh«n a=t- 
iivaraa ** fih^n roc-;iiV6d by di»f'«i:ri&f:t.-'^ 

Set oruy divi dv;ian4arit ♦>. awii^ncii acj^.i-tivis ntt.fiigsjnca 
en ito f"-rt, i^u t ^-i^irtif fu' svi.'s^.tJCtt *as iii©\;f ficidnt to rtetvciifih 
it. Ii i'iiU t;; covtfr tni *i;tir» j-sriod of tiu-a wh«n onii tox *a« 
out of .i«ijreni«Rt 'tslj'oa^^^si'^*! » *^^ t^'^^* avicSirioa ii-. lnco!rpet«jnt to 
feho-* «bat w«x« th«9 ^riglnin:! ccBt«ntfe of the« ctfaiwr, and!, thtsr^fors^ 
wb«tb«r Anything «ac ffisciKff tb^-irj^froyr-. To?!; jul!f>»nl ife :i£:*ilnfit 



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Fif^nt^o OF fact; 



corpoT&tlon, not t^iiiKy oi" naglijt^ncs. 




► I — H v/4 QiS 



CITY OF CHIO^GO, ) 

Dsifanaant in Error, ) 

V8, ^ ) / ymnioip-'jl Ccurt 

J0S5£PH EETTI, I ) / 

Plfrirttlff tin £rrcr. )^' 

I / o7 



1 



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. FKSPIDIITG JURTICr Bl^^Hff nSLIVgBE'B THf OPI??I'*M OF THS! C':UPT. 



Thit- »ao ij suit; crou|?h by ti.a city of Chii:5igo to ra*- 
covat a piiDa^ty for vivlat.i»'>n of ?* oit.> oriinfoncs prohititing- thoi 
aaiid of tobacco to ainore. 

Th-irs 'Wi^fc g ju:3f;jr.<jrit for that city, Thart', ar^s ssv-ar^l 
rdp-^ons why It &huu1d t-« f.fflr!xsjd: (i) thsi c^nly arrorB 5««iBi£n«a 
r^ttE- upon a eo-calisd *?*t?!i tjK«»Rt of f-^-ct*;, " ^zh^^raf&s it is net such 
■ft iiocuranti (;•) tbd ivi;t<jfncs ®o>.^tbt to la prsKsrvad iR not ab«t,raot~ 
i»<i, (^) ona v;f \,h^ -\\kiiuXioniS, ois «hiGh rsvarss+l *«£ aoTjgl^it, r.&ii;ol>-, 
tLsit tha ordinancs «^^- ftot duly ys&g^ad, *'.??» cot raisaci b«AC«, sxna 

ThdS contention that tb'^i t^astisfcony of cii^ vf th-i t-iv>y0 
&e to hi© 'i^® w?'.>j! batsreay and iRoompatsnt avi-iSsriOg^ .U:- .H£-alrAst ths 
ruUHij;* of thj Buprvjr.a Ccmrt ok t'tet eubjact. (yv^^feh v. Thri il22Lil* 
sac I.U. B)j> RnyFo na v. Tfat; P aopla^ ri:^t5 id. 4;iii), wna asoth'siir paiut, 
ti.v!t th-3 c eviction oouid r,ot la j*ui3ta.insd «ltl;iDUt th« rrciSuction 
of th4 tcbtiCGO »clfi ia faaif-i^tly «ithout ft.srit, Th« « vividness wa-e 
^»a.p:<> iiUf Ticiisjr.l to isutitftln tii-J ^ufigR-!3nt,?<hlch a'in t-'^ affiraaa. 



VG'J 



13S - >:d44S 



D^f^nrjvr.t in Zxtnr, ) 



FiaiatiJf in Error. 




rrci" tv 

of ChlDSKO, 



MP. PH&BIPISG jmnQt%i^ n^^vtiivmKt rm opinio?; r^r tbs court. 



TU« «rjror«s f3>>2<*i^tft3d h>.;rsiri /-.rise' uj^on tha ;varrjiiri|: 
or & ttAjtit.H ■&)•• Po^ar©, thif (isfen-ilsir.t tslc,--^, to vacat-^ an-.-; s^i -igiae 
ft juiigatsRt by confection arainet hift; ^n-l for l-mrs to aj i.«ar anii 

?"n^ 4vi':l.A;R>ijnt ss *• for r'^ct 'iu«* una-sr this t'JiRv? of & «>ufc~ 
leeaa frojr Stafendani In .grror (calls.1 pi-^lntiff hsreaf tsr) to ,i'ia4r.- 

aff i<3«v4t» Ik sxirpor? of IUr; itotion s«t forth si K«rltcriovK 4#l'«riB#, 
H* coat^odfe bss bsos-fti* tc'l^><.'smi anct difich?. r£*<i frofc tha ok'I ig-stAaw to 

pr«fi?ies*a but irsfivryf uny "further rijnt h>«^ .i'-ccruad, h;* prei»Hnt«Q to 
pialritiff a ti^nant «bo off^iir^act to .).«aB«i t^*« fremi«i5» f^s nn office 
fr>r & cisj^air;^ aiKj dyelnrr «etaf;iiish»;ant, tut pl^tintlff rsfusdd to 
sGcsft hi'T. 

Dsf^ndsnt «ont«nd» tfj«.t rlaliUilf *i^& undsr obligation 
to a-c-capt ftuob tstiant t'2o-aue9 th& i»«c^^ orovlids fci;f!tt, if ,^3fsii4stnt 
sb&monife or v«Lost»« th« rrt^nifosa "th^ «s'*.r'-3 shy)} r.-?J x^lsit" b> |i«in» 
tiff f-r <r»Joh r-*r.t "auv-l uroo t/Miii-- tssrav. »<?= it mny f'«!s fit," 

FroR th« laiigusg:© quota':! it &.:ry>r?, ho«^«v.'!f, t^r^at riain. 
tiif rsasrvaci tv itfe-»If ths rl^^ht tv^ ; r«jjcri> » t»vi tersa of '■> @ii.{j**i- 
<ju«nt i.t&»3. One wf thi$ trfrrs uw.'^^r ^hicb tha prf/poaar.i tSBs.nt f..;t'« 
far.'i to taks ths pr*r'l«J«?. wu^ t^tit, ba s.^jht occupy that?, for n. j-ur- 
i,>u8« for wbtcli it fl^'pa^ra tta .*j«sf»n:3sr;t hlRi^elf cnul ' not vr-isi ths*©. 
Hi© "laass j:r!''^i'^*«^*' tij.'t he fttiail oocv.py t):i»4ff. Tor w ^Bisxy s^^y^ 



. i..t 






sjvc^r." Wa iir4C« of nc rvlss th»t. *cuid o ...:>« pa 3 rl-^intiff %v. v^'i^i Ih^a 

that 

i.'^rjft-iJid^i: for -a pvrpoaa othiir tu^r-2^^.:5r ■•'lioh :>a renl-uit** l.d;^Je-iS ra- 

wtrictwa tlair u»'.«); tor la thsra rjii^thirtg in th^? t.«rK;-.<i of iiti^a Issi^a* 
or t,h£ . roviisioc for r-sletting that w^vrrsint«' th-s ccnetruction th% t 
it ehouia. 

But it ih al«o isxjriS&eiy frovidsa in tlus la-iise tliat 6h» 
rsetricti./ao '"...ja4 1i».i tsljc*ttfc C'';Z4t%insd in th^ ori^;ln!7.1 iaa»« to 
pisititilf ti>«.n b« binaing nrs 4!s/4jRii<&sit« r^i'^n-'Ant could not tyit 
out fc. aaritc-riou ? d2fona«ii »ith-..>ut «)i.o^in£; thiJt tht* t-*r(?.» en «fiich 
tiis ria!''t t*r»»ot «'v'4»id lajsee Itis fra8'.ia«»£? tfOiiLi ccjifora to s.uol: re- 
iitrlctione !^n(i J.i«it&tio»e, If trisy sjjr* ijuoh r;e to prohit.it tt^it 
ocoupijooy t>6 s*a cffic<a for 'ji ^lyaing srid cl4anir.i> (■siita.Diiehs^tit, t-h'^n 
both pi«*ictiff iiiaii drfan-isnt ^«*5rr-,-' rraoliKUci froa. urging thasr. for euch 
pv^rpoiwa. Be«ic»ai», it i« fu»ci««-ier-t*i tl.at e oov©ns.r.t in a i.«so!feiis>, r^i- 
c tricting' ths w-is of p;r'««';i«-34t £'>r o^rtriln epAcifisd t\yrj.ote««, 1* 
t in^iiig iivoa aub-.i9«!!6*»6 s.r<i wmb-t.ttjjsrjtsi, ('H Cyc. p. iCE4,) Tl;* 
B.-^ii f-iot, tJ.'iersffoi-i)!, th'-^t .;i^if«ir.iAsnt pr^-iSJiiL'ttd a tanant "Who offi^r«d 
to tai'.'i tn® pr^itii^a for a p«rpo«J# i vt which ■d':.i''»ituhit<i hi«-&m£ by 
th« t«rM3 of hit?:. i«9;A«s *a*^ |;-r8CiM««3 fr«ff. u>;ing than'i, sird I'cr a 
purpo.^!* 5^hlch for fcught thufc apv«^-r® tha oxab-lsefior QiTHii-'i not ues 
tlitJK., cannot he r-^ga-rlttid a» constitwtlng a. aerltoriou* di>farj«« to 
tha obligation to ray thai r^nt that eufceaquautly *ccru.54 -inci for 
which ju-3^Hji*rit wHe livan. 

It. iii. unii^cecyary to ccn*i3«5r whoth^r tb-.* court ocuW 
frcp*rly ooneidt t th« oount«r *.£ Ti'i.iivits fii^d tc tha KCtloa. It 
coula not 'Elo ao il" Vh«y ccntroV'sr t«a T^^'i-t^ria:! ^lusretiofti* ol fjjet 
(Gilohriet TrftTig. Co . r. -f-r tn - Orair Co.., '?v«i I\3. ti3C, Hooa v. 
Gahrs . aTj Ii;, App. .:;iC)i but thsy dia not. Thay 3.*j*itt3cl f^cte 
ri'il«d on in ;.-'1ftlntlf f 'i^ affidavit at,a aus-p-iis'-sntsiS than 15> fetiv-t- 
ir.£-, th&t ih& r«ftitrictiof.4s of th*» arifiinfei 1-^%^^ nr^rttsd tv .^fta aadf 
b.lr.4lng o«i ^af^adant in tUs ftiit;-idS4.««( ii«:it«f;i pi&lntiff'e uaij cf ti-ie 



A. 



^l-^::il^:iL 






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-.3- 

p-r^frifesfe to Qccupatloii for :« groc^ry^ ;s. ss^at r-ri-tft and for thai (yni* 
of ts,k»r/ goosie anly. St> ftr i.'t. Ui3 coyrjt-*r a,f f i-i^.vits ;.r«geKt3a 
r#rt} iju^ationR of law they wars m,>£ra &r^u^;i»ntK, j.Ta, r«s£,-;ii:di3!S» of 

dafandant'a nffi^^aVitK to x:r&ii>s.rA i^ £TiJi± XB212. ^^s^^'*'-©*. Tl^:? couf^t- 
tu fc.trit«i tnj fits tO(it.<ynt of f'-.ytc fr'>Bi tha ri^oord wili fc« aani-^d. 



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agaif-?.t hiia i;y the Muniolpal Coun ef Chioago fcr fS,;,3;J3,93, in 

f^jvcr of Ore-OS^ f ©14 h Bee Coapany, .■s t^crr; era tier:, j-liintifr. The 

ing cf all U.v? -'•viJfi'riQe tho Jury **ra iT'«?<t ruots.J t?^ yToot tc r<}- 
tvrn a verUict. in favcr C* pSalrilir*' m th-j *ub of fa,'-ri3..Q3, 
«h.iah thsy aid, ard th*? juigitsnt "cllewei, 

tie acticn wa« oori??'.>3nc'«vi en Au^uft 8, i*?!!. In the 
statement cf aL-iim It ie allcige-.l In !?u?-^t-irc0 ih^^t rl.^l.nt.i"f 'e 
clainj l-^ fcr fccnay Ji;c, via: prlrioipal -xmi \f: g\\ irA-*re'.*t. , urcrs 

In r-s.rt a^' fellowa: 

tlio Orcafifsli A Fco Oc, 

B:Gf.tlic? trade oollcv'^licrf. rrc-*f= vr«!riGUB au>?lc«ara that I Lave 
net t\.'n<eii ovar. I. -^ili, Vc tl:?? b'sal cf my feriOwfleJgs, glire 
ycis btsloff the ni-y?;o?i' =ir'.J a»iovJii-t« cf tba varicua 7/acpI»'i tls-'it I 
iifiv-i oolj«Jot«'J frcm, a-^-klrrf. ycur \hM ifi,.h:l|',r*»oi'^ tin 0,lvtg is© 
cr.e Esor?? ©feyives tc na^.i? *s rar c*^ P5yR<*lf and iigiun ^^alrs yoiir 

vuluiibld man ic youi- houe«s ii" -^tv*^' iii-n one olTSse. 

Again ^sftggiijg yen *rr ycur Virj Sr-i'.iljj*?' o^fs,. I r<>- 
jaaifi, 

"iroeraly ycur«, 

^n-a ifRKeiiately f • lloAFing th<» ^tOY'*^ <!i.^nature t^(?r« I?? -^ritt-an 
tli<-; Ra«en cf t"<¥<?Rty»-r ir« v^r^^J^^ ">rti cj:f<r**it'^ ench n'X»r.f3 t^hi»fr<i> i»' 
writtgr, c^?rt..'>ln *'igur93, 'ir •' ur.de rn-^Hv)) t3u? ?clu?r,n c*' ^i^^nrss tsf 
iritt-eu the tcts.) cun-:^ "^l^^SfJ.eO, * i^r \ ur.-i'Srr-^jntb tblp total t-ud 



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-'■;•-?>•'-• ■,t«r'i44t;l''- ■flt'»il«>» it«iJ-;IJTW 



t»y %ii'i fstlS'* sgitiesslQaigr.t^ r: isaff'rc-^ riat lor. an-: -J^jf^lc^tMorj cf 
lt« i^ail Euc?,emaT-5 «hil-? ■^cti^-.t i^ '«■ fi-^it^siary -."rs rarity, tr-wit: 
aa a^*5j,l, ami nollecicr in i-li':-. *^srloy cf Uvi? pl.air-t IT ^. "^^ ■ 

cr re<3«ifie in '^rlliri of iscr^lasi i;j? him., i).e «?«i-l asf ^rui:^r;i ^ ai 
»m'.diry t liw?« oolleotsd ^c-r crci en b«t.,-5lf artu a*-^ 'vh© pro? stVf cf 
th^j fl^lBtiff frcfg ..fiver?' j:«r«cr« or flmsj," *hich mon-a^r^ ki:,<i tear, 
«isb«sgXed by th-f ■le^'ir'd'is:% ^lAln not inf an agftj-i or ocllsctor of 
I ho plalnitff. 

^ On Au^u^Jl r.fs, l^U , cs j&etir^n of ^isf 'sr=d<4i»t, Ihe. court 
ord^rou th^t the pl-^intifr file an m^^rAed *=talSjE6*5ni of ol-ii* 

d.ero.4 ifc.-t s.ai-i motion is er^terad, ir> iie t:-j\t?n ur or- r;cti<3-3. On 
January L^, Ivl.', ti.s orjUT««'3 ocesin,^ cr* ic be i^eara or^ plfiintifr^a 

be ^iVisn to pl'iirtlf" tc file an asiQ^doa ^eocr-g ccu?^i ic Etat^^a-ijnl, 
©f ol;ii«s wivtln 50 •■iayQ," ^r^a tls.at d«?fenaan*» fiis-* ;ir,- af^l^^^vit. of 
iseriir' ^r-.^relc wUhif? 30 tny^ th^t'iBli^r. ?l«ir,ti''f n-a^Qr fil«4 
Sfs affi^«is<i »««<■?■ J -souni, r>r r '-a. 1-9 nrsy ^^i tesipt. at 11.^5 trial ^.t- ?ufw 
tttl? by t j^cf its '^aM ai,:aiie«al olaie of fSlf^.O?. On J^^n^^ary 
«7, 19i^,[5ofore ti<* tltre haA expired fct plAintlf^ Ic fliU *^uiii 
aJ!s6miQ'.l seo€>f*1 ooufst^ dafar-diir,!. fn«i nr. Af-'lj-svil <<r K«»rit:^, in 
«hlct be alU^e.3, if>t?r ?Iia. (1) thnl plai'%t if ''*^ c:iu**i ef ssCtiMf^ 
a"^ staVea in H*? pt3tSi%a;-t cf cJnir- -Hu ret a-^ore to vhe pl^iin- 
tiff -JsltfiiE fiV'i yftp»f« leffjre ir^ acmn'^^r-G^s.^r-i of tfe-- rtOt »i'«",.4rd 
(2) thait "ij'heR ih^ p«P«r, s eery o^ phlc,h if* «?at cm in i-h.^ ^■J^^sln-* 



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plslrt i'^'^li tT^iois, •xr.-i ^t'- t?.*?** r^^l'^'^ly r].<r^e'] by r^r r?n»erta- 
t lvc«! cf p3nir>t if '!' ^i\ h.-vin,- «.«! v a ^ ■;].«*! itv'>Rey fros. plaU^tifT -md 

prc0il«o-.i Wy pi -;tnt Kr S.? r-if ''^■S'^'^r'*''*^ iv^^- ^■■•'*'^ upon -in aacc J.int.i?ig 
t«ir.-r haa ha •:?cul-i l>e oredllsi vUh oe-^taln ccfmU^^'ici.n, vc which 
lift, 'kfi ar' '.n?.picy«e of plj'si'-a if f, »av rsr.t itl-s.!, t-ut vL'^l- nc >.v-.'C\irit;- 
in^v »-'i-- (jver Lcto, an-i Ihst "at ths: timt* cf ihe. sL'^rin^, of th:; «iilii 

/ paper" he wao in fsct net IndtVoieJ 1.0 p'l-»intiff Ir. any f^um ^L.:jI*vC- 

! svfir. 

;- — ' ^^ Ti3'.:ri.?-:ry b, l^u^ , d-a^'^rJanl fil;id nh i(s,«?riJe.i affida- 

vit 0' jn-3rll» in •^hi-'ih i.-s ma-.i^ th^ -^im-jj all ^gaticr.f a.^ If. hls) 

plisirtiff, for QCK;,.i'"»ior'« f^arfif^U by hi;a frcp. Uny 3, l^Cl , tc t^iirch 
14, I'BO'o, mct^ th'.iR *6,0CC, upon «hi?h -:ur>our:t ?c «arriea h-<! 2ia i re- 
ccivc'ii froffi 1 l^intiT^ in are-'?k3y aivarjceKsnt*? l3v*f? t.h>ir. ^4,0tC, "and 
Ufor. Wiiicfc "jsounfe UiS dof^rdaRt had ♦i'-i^i of l,'^'^ mof'i'"« Cio1ll«ct-)J. 
ty hl:-a, f?hJioh ocrr?t.ltut« 3 part cT t;.r it«int^ c^ v?ol Inct Icrjft .fft 
i!?. in pli-Untiff 'p stalSiTJcjrt cf cjlaiet, Bct to excseaxl tl,CCC, U*ating 
due ar;j unjai-i tc. ief=?r.Jf4nt ovsr nn 1 abovfi a^H RiOnl'*'^ receiV'i?u and 
oclltfcti^j arl Ve-A by ti::f«sri.i4f>t frr.^ pl-ltiliff of mora tii.^n -"^COC," 
■AtiA ttctt. M&roii 14, I'iOS, until June 1?, 1903, uefsr-dant r*?'! ^orsa 
sarvicij? Tcr plsintif** a? 4 «ra'> ar;tit"!a;i Ic f'^JCiiv; t' 'irftftr a suir. 
in exce»f-; cf fi,CCO, fcut that itifin;X saia tlae plaintiff Uo.iui.^tGai 
an,! k'.»j-t. frc.'ir, def'^r !-"frt 'r treckJy advnr;0Sin9iitr« flO f<^^r yr<seV. ^ cr for 
8ai:i li »0i3?'a t.h<5 9tytt cT ^14C, if.l als^n r0t-<lr»sf.l sTivi Xs^t tts a.i- 
vano -•<!»; "^rt kio. i«f*:n<ioKt of f4C, ^cr ti;« ^a'-'t t^ocV cT bi^ cjrij. loyaisnt, 
ais -tten a? %.1.1 G'' -d^^'ona^nt 'j^ ooiimiffii^iCTi?! , rvscunt in*: 'c.r ^ai-J last 
nameji tericd to <» sus In sxccssi of *l,OCr^, ttnd th-^t ihorc- w;,^i'^ Juo 
defandsrt frcn: plAirtlf^, .-^t tLitv \,ii!i cf the ocffiir.er;0©Rjaf.t cf thift 
«uit, a sufe} in «xcje«« of 53,CCC, ovor '!/>•< a.bf?v^ any d.-iiai of ;.lair;~ 
tiff, ^r- J uefantiainit rurt!«jr &llag«ia in ^-utistir.oe tJi-sl *fh4X.-- h-r? *ui^ 



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net ir r^iU guilty <?r any 'mb*i%^l^m^v% , y«l h^' ii^i.^ru-t'.^ iL(i, ^ ;:>!-€• g. 
not Tor tht? r^hrc-n ih'i ho •■-x^ ir !,':»bfe:5d \.o | l<iirtif:', vufc booniio^ 
or Iho threat*^ o? th:?5 p;^rt o^ plaint I *f*s rei-::re^t}ri^ai,i^'i'^ %€■ ^r- 

th.-;; Cf"T=vi;i8i^it?R<'- :?«t? hisK, ar'1 p re c*?. a •.1^:1 tc t'Tof'^toiit-'* hiss C' rim Ir -illy 

C!<?y5vif!iicn, wr iah 'jonylalicn f V'^lfiti'^' I'njVi-fiU.y prccuroti, Tc tliir 

in? ihiii ih^', c>*iV0V:%\ itsrms cf ^fit-cff i.-ftroir; cjajtsti^i 'by 4i^fyr .Jar-t 
lid rot. tiocrue v^i'-r.in fiV'.> ye""?©, *?ty . 

Or Ihf'i trial i^f-er i'if't '»•?!•'* c:^'JIO':i nn a v^ltn+HR?! .frr plain- 
tiff upl?sr »*cl}cf; 3,5 of %hf. MurioSp-iJ Trurt. aot, r>n:' hfj a.kitte:i 

Ir; ti.f? caupe. * eery <*r f:tki^. in^l fj.T.fr't. Ip *rrit ir;-:; wst.'* ir-trc di.ceci 
it. vvxkBno^, it a^i-3ftrln,j %l\% Xhf. cri;ir^.l ih^rscf Lad becff l^et, 
^irce th'5 t Ir-.kj lL<i sa^^tis wa^ irt rOv.u<5*5ti ifi '^¥iJ^:^n■;'?. on t-li^,- Iri-'il cf 

County in tha yo/ir l^C4. Flnirtir** al^'C ifit rt^iue^i.l t^^^tipicny ^J.ow- 
in;? tn-it t;,>j InttT'SiSt on *'?il^l fni» cf fl,63^'^.€C, t^jani irnod in ^^aiJi 
inft'ns.'f.ftnt In nritlf^s* '^rr."^ Mamt !•*, 2"^'"3, i^ tho .iay cf trial 
?ii»ciii:t.ai tc ?834.33> ranMr-- ^ trial vuiii; cf fSjaC^.*^**, Ihv aefsi^J- 
?int ^?a;- LJ ^ cnly •.?HreK«» Ofu}f)-J Jr. c.if> ta:h,^3r, .-..j^d l.t? g:*»vfl certain 
ty^tiiricny r^z'jftiiip.t ^-^- alleir^-i <5lAi?f. r^ iat^tr'" «i^ Ji?<ft ^orth iri 
hi!? afc^iriCieu affi^rwii cf mfssritf^^ tut praoticaHy nil c-" hi-:.' l-oyi,!- 

6y tLo -I'cyrv, slli; M.« exc€»:':licn 0" o^lrtair. t<.-f«5tiifif)n3P lending to 
cliC^f th-'it^ ■iurljv% the 14 w®,-?V8 hd rdrva^.o^i in plrsl.^ t iff*?' ©p.pXoy 
aft'.7r March 14, If'C?, osrt^lr J*;;lu>sticr:^' w^r* mf^.^te by f.lnir.Llff 
frca Mi? f^ixl&TYf asnounlin;? in rll to ybcjt flB<^, ura«r ar* i.^raa- 
tmnt, l>et,w<3«r. the partial i-h-^t *?(ii'l •;le_li,Gti<'Kfi ehotjVi bo i>prli©si 
at? « cre-iit cr. faii ni.^ of ■!l,6;3^.G0. TL<3 rl-^'i^it-iff ir. rebuttal 
of fore • te.?tlfncry t^r.jir, ■• Ic .^iu/-. ih.tv nc .-uch adaucjHcn« or a^re^:- 
»<3M wera mA-x^, ..nJ th^ aourt firnlly ^av-i U- vii-i jury ?,li^ follow- 



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[^ ''■ ;■• ' i,;- -li iilfito M WIS 



ing insiruct lcr>: 

"Tha jury are in'sslrvjte-i tc-vV th-s t-nly •i^iy'-tion "or 
ycu to .-iooi;-:* i,.? yj-.-f^th^^r cr fict. ffUfc^^^^v.-^M tt Hnro.h 34, isr3, 
eny J-'-hidtlcr,.'* v*«r'? ^'j:?*!*? from tj;e def^ndnnt**'- ssal&ry -"hi.^h w«re 
bv sgrwmtjont b3i^>aer the p-'Artl*?? lo b". arpVloa ufcr .i«»*-;r;.ia?!l; 'f» 
lrd*bS.o4f-Op9 tc plaintiff, aireltt^si by ^^rltin:? cf Karah 14, lCr3, 

t&^t 4«:.hiotlcr'? .ahC'ulvi «€:■ apply, ycwr f^^nict* iDhculd be fcr tL*» 
sisbb tof f3#5>":J.03, btA at all ov5'-:t<' ycur v?sr--iiot PJ:cuXd ba fcr 

During lh«? tri^J, ^-t l?t;»s rsqiie^i c-^ ;ittom«^:^ for defard^ 
art, it, ffu"- s«.ii;ulato4 ftn-:; sj^r«c.i ih«.t tv.*^ ^uprcKt^ Cturt, tij inicn 
( In.&r^h'y'i ?i>cverf^nn y. rr;crl^*, ; 13 111. 114) mi^rf.fc b^^ irl rcvluce-i 
uni r®:iv1 fi'? a r^i^t <^^ '-•^'^ .'JVi-.l?n'e ifi Ih^-^ cauw*?. ^rrn thi?^ cpir^- 
ICD U apj-'Saf^ ^^-^^ "^ j'-"y Ji'i'i 'cm-- 1 2uG?-'^rr«Hn SflUy c'' larceny 

wajJ .•i^'nt*>"ac^ by ih-z vvrimin-.l Courl of Cook Cciur-.v/ if- .icot r>.Unv:a 
^Ith Ujv; Vermel, H'-.,i 11, ^i In D«c«ffiu«r, l'^04, tbo Tu^rtrtn^; Cc».pt 

Ulecloti«l froa i^nia opinion, are :j8 ToWa^n: 

i Fc-u OoKipuny, a ccfrcriiticn &r-j;:i,x«ii ir ■•sail ir i ^rf;Ccr.t»50 «t 

cc.llvjo;ir.;^ r*scY\^iy frcf«. rru 91: ewers. H« S'^a-.i-: coll uotlcni? frcK 
v-inovs-^ cv^~tcsi??r'». «l.:icit ha di4 nr^ aeyc-unt. for cr turr: c¥«?r ic 
hi^^ tmpjcyvr, 'J^vI en Mafcli 14. l^rS, h'?? fiiirril^h^u to ih<f offi- 
«er?<? of Ihs* cor- ofe.tion a lii^l r-^ f?b'<3h cvt'-«lc«^r!if ard iV,a Jifficunts? 
yolUjctoJ froc lli«», agf r«.:t<^t trig fXS89.aD, and »i,?n<*d twc writ- 
tr^K »tat<?ip.ente cof^f (/■-•' i^ifi^ ILat h« had oolleotsvJ ??^^i i j.'UKf* fret?* 
cu0'tc;5*or''5 cf IrK? cc rr r r.s t i cr; silLcut ao-soun^ In;:^ Tor Uitm or 
p-iylni?; tiu-? j^ard"! cv^r after 'l«f«;!anii «T^i without th^ »'r.cw\x'jaij?j cf 
lh« cc rr'-^5'«^i^^f*» Hs «ay ooLtin'jn> Ir. the ««p''cy of tLv? oortcra- 
iion nfterii^'ir.i r;n-l oon«ct«u' f^cr;^ ouetCRner';* ar;4 retriin-a^^ othi'X 
euffiA Up tc Jupfj 17, 1903, wl.eri he tolj ti;3 of .° io « r« c^ f t^e ccjt" 
pcr»»tior.t tj.'-l h'l h.aa coll'istei isorj'»y H&ountln;; to abciit *3CC 
ythioii L& iI'.^:. net turr.^^a ever. Hs sas tl.-cr arre3t«.> a' J ^a;* v'ut- 
8«'-ii!ently iindicteci ff r Isra^jny Hfd emb^aalonorl. Ov. i:if^ trial 
tsnasr th« iK,:iot/Y.^«rt he a.ir.ilt??'! 6ii« oollaotlcr €t *31ft.rs, 
»p«oiria<i in «ur.dry r^jceirt**, 'p'fiio); he 1 .**d r<ct paid tc Kis Ois- 
pXcy^r. TLo cr.ly ocritrcver<'y .•»!* to natter cT ?»«?!■ ■suae «tet{;flr 
he ^ati avthcriKffi by i i" -^cniraot o" msj. jcy<s«rt tc retalr; tha 
»Uir,« rf mcrjoy iscji](?ct«rd an.; net turr^^l cv«ir. • 



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isrhcula Le r«v^r»^d beaau^ns plalrtlf f *5'f crigir-ril f?t«t6!f ont o.f cl«ilm 
waw by cru:!^-- cf l.li«2 ecurt ^'Ir.lcVcr' frorc the r-'ocri, *4.r- i r^c aRisnasd 

OTii' for fl,eef?.i^ ufi-i L'j^al ir/fe'.;r«0t. froist V.:\T'-ih U, l''*C3, ar.4 ihc 
clher for *316.0?^ rind Isgal inl-^T&nl frcc^ Jur.e 17, l'C'3. ^iiiio 
the rft^ocri Jleolr^aa t>mt r-lwii^ ti?'"" «'.'^-*? ord'area ©n AufiSj^t 26, r:?n, 
to fil^ srr. tm^ST'disd «« t ?i t ^is ^r t rf ol-'iiR;, it ncm-^ra apfiMrs thnfc the 
firet ao>jnt rf T:l.-:iirtlf "♦s i^'tate^^iert cf a'^^niit wsp sv^r ^tricVsn 
frfB. ihe rsar-ri. Fy tho- or4«ir rf J^mmry 13, I'JX-';, rl^iirtif ,f Tras 
given Iflav* t<: fil^;? <At- ^t^ >>i u??a ^.tjucr-' ect^r'^ t?:- i%!j ^i'iit«»s?snt rf 
clalsi, r^r-^i '^efcrc^ ti.'S! tl.">is i-A^s «>xr.ir«d ■?jit;si.r- Wi.isjh plaintiff 
jfiight Uc no a«f'ina,*,r.t fi"jv34 ar-' af;i'3avit of maritis, .■nra th'jrdby 
joined ifsr.'u*3 on th^ firet cour.t. ri?ii'.tiff never fila-J ars arrieMed 
eeocni oc^ini, and on T^^bruDfy d, 1'313, <i«f«jn<iant f llari fin «u^i©j'>ti@d 
affl4uvlt of iserltii t?- i^uid fir?«l aci^r.t. 

Couftia'l furth'.-? -jcrterdi* ti.nt it ws?*. r.ct r^hfioinrily 
proyer: %ltx% t-v> wrUt<?r> lK!«tn:-r-nt <;•'* ^?ar:sh 14, I^C;5, nued en, <;. 
OOfy cf -tilioh 'sft^ <'fit ryt ir |- 3^] raif^' »- «t'it0ft??^t cf oUif^;, was* 
aign^id r>>' Ihs uoferdai t. TU1« coi-tcsriiiicn j '« al^^o witl.out s.-^'rlt. 
Ir; tctb tLe trlsinal atiii afnendeJ af •"i-i-^vit?? cf iffi:*fit«, ftipou Af»4 
i?-wcrr; tt "oy derfiT..<-:ir>t, it '^a^---' mni\.%<^.d by aef^ri^int that h« i^^ignad 
'Sald i^'■•"trli!■'•:^>rt. U^ ^f. f?c t©.<?t I'-'i^^d on th« trial thru h'^ 0ii^r«a It. 

Tb?; »»,ir. content icn of cciincol fcr J'-'jfer.di-'- 1, aet -^e tr.i' r* 
etand it, ii:? that Xhi3 irstrtutsart Buad en if? nrt ?.r ev id-^r.C'i cf in- 
iiebt©,-i{S»e in #rltirg and ucKie ret ■^ot t^tln any rrofr^iKt* tc /-ay ^ry 
d'.jfiriit© ^u«:, nr.ii, th.^rafcr-is, ^.r.? ^lairtif V-' ActJov wa^' if.t ccfA-^ 
ro.'oed ur'tn acr*; tl.aif! fi»e y«?ir8 after K?Aroii 14, IXlij, « i^ar.tiff 



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oarrci reccv-ir. ?o disa^T'^s i?ith counsel, reotici; lA cf Dc- 
tisiit ViOTn-i act r rcvl'ie** Ir. jart nr? fcllG-??^: "^"'titj.*^ ■i^.r licr.d?*., 

acir.i!.anoe!.i iiithiri ten yearri r.-'itxl a^'tsr %h& 'iuuj50 cf -jt-tior afjcruaa,* 

cpiyiof! Ihtst Xle ir^gtriKi-ei-t Ss an e»/ii •.nc'5 of it'dQi ts-.sr;eaa ii: vrrit- 
ing. By it the iiefena«r>t, urdwr a.!?ita c^ M^rch U> 1"^3, ir ef- 
fect Hokt c«led::9« t:.at. h«», Srrrirg ^-avt^rAl pT?^«e<ling Ecrttn, ccl'octo 

pl^irtiff ?52ilch le hai »<€t turned ev';r tr. p3.-3ir,ti'*f , ani .v» think 

tiff i---ai<.i vngjjrsgat''^ nua. (Horner v. Pli^rkey, ?'? 111. li; '^alV^jtr 
*• Il2^IHIL# -^" I^J» J'?> ^^-; Pinr.py; v. nflril-h, U': 111. App. inO, 
131:; Qulrlar> V. Tlicr^cccri, li:'; III. App. ^"^S . ) 

Jkn.A ^f^ ar.'j cf ttfj cpinicr- that -ir.« trial ccufl uid r;ot 
err i?- exolu.Iirig f r.iCt icol3y all r? 'lftf<:?tm'art •» t,*>«tifiOr.y in k-up- 
I>ort cf hl« alH^^'i claiK cf r'-^t-cff, -«.-i ir. ^ivinf, tc ti;3 jury 
tlie ii :'^<,runt icn Rbev'r -^trtlcrfsd, '?€ thinV, tb»t d^jf^niisrit '^ al- 
IftgcJ. q1^?J» lii.3t., en Miirci-- 14, I'/C^, pli^t^Miff w-if> irdobted to him 
fcr cofr.aif^siori*' tc th* extent cf rarrg tlmn |3,Oro, ovir anu ,t*^ci?f5 
caia Rfficurt cf ^1,68?, SO K*ntion«d iri soli! jr:etr.^':-:?r;t '.i:'« {f:Ori>»:/r 
GOll^fetSiJl ar«i ret tisrn<5U over to plnirtlff , wa« barred ly the 
etatut<5 cf Unit- tic?" . rurtharacrs, '^^i thirV that tl « axd.X/J^d 
testi-r^cny wgr» prc^'^Tly *fxc1adedi o,? tf-n'-lin;!; to c t^r.tra'-tict and vai'y 
tb« writt-5?' l.natrurr.or.t sjiittvi en. 

Th'f! ^U'3i»{aert ': f the J,?unicipr\l Court ii .iffirifs'^ii. 



■'i >i 1 i p 
- ';•■^ .--fO 



» : ■ t * • . ' *r >- f 






42!C - 19823 



KI^S una KATIF" OTTISO*-??, 

'^ / ; Appeal frOrft 



ft ccri oration, \ / 




of Cliicaeft. 



'S.^ 



19"" ' '-6 



llffe v<spran««s) ecrai5&n«*..J f:*.P, action of th*! rir<!t c»li».R?? In Vb« 
MuRlcipjjsl Court cT nhiCfii|C agairiet the 'fe?<t9rri Life Ir.JeRtnlty Cow- 
j.:iny, a ccrpcrtitiori, 'i?»rer'aynt., laaei on th« folloriir.?, i^atru'^^nt 
ir tjriting, a copy cf «fhloL xa-? fil??'J ^itli tbe crit^ttial U^-clari- 
tier.: 

ChiOi^To, Illinois?, 
THI" Cr^in^'', Thc*{ the :^r;cunt i»Mi::h fw.y ha ] ^ :'i>.n\b}& 
at tL;? d«?fttL cf tl.f? inr-.ux*if , "'i*r l-^r aFT^j-'TTrJ.m* e,T i: 
0«n:-ar."pcTTey, WT 1^d51, upcT) the Ufe c*" Ps^or fern 

zylvcirAi, j yill v^ c ^;-;>?u^^i by iha KnighXf* T«nplare ^nu 
Maecne !.if« in f.:>2inlt.y Ccmp-^riy, at^j^r a. jri'^^i^tf^ payaont 
shdll LR'v^ i.een Ka?fl on stxi-i prlley tc 3.\lii Knigiita 
Teajlaro sin-i Masor.^ Iiif« InSiSifsrsHy Ocrap^ny, ana .^aid 
pre»jlu«6 «},«ll h3;ve hMcsn duly as^tntv^t-^s.igea by « r(?or3i{ti 
0lf,n#i'J by the General k'ar.agor of ^?iHi i fnl^uts Tsif.j iarii 
itni U&ricrm Life IrrirtBEKity CToespany. 

tntic\i%,<sa at ti*« hcHi* ofi;:?*! cf tli-a Ccwsjpsafty at 0ii4~ 
OAgo, IlUrvcia, this 30th 4ay cf ^fH, l'^''-^. 

Th« crisln^l deolftrfUlon oorfnl->t;<?ct of tieo OfS^cial ccunte 
?ir.i tii^ coBJKon C'cuntff. On K.^y 6, 1-00, tho t-'^o t!p9i;i.Hl «ouf.t.s 
*cr*j Eiiperead»4 by an "o»or.;1«!:l« count a?5Xi rif? "ai4it.lon.il" oonrt 
'i(n^ filed cy l«J5.v« cf c©«rt. 

In tL« afflSJKdci aount it 1« inl^f^ijiiJ Ir ''u-j^tflirioe ti^al en 
Octctidr no, ir-OC, the I. 0. 0. T. Uxitutl ?..ir- In«ur*3irc« roulsty cf 
P9ftr,«ylvania by it? policy cf inaurftnoa, ?3©. a?1733, vli^l irf.-ur© the 
life c" P?:tor Aern in the '"um of '?4,CeO, and th:it tMs policy »»« 
i«>8utj4 Ir ccr«i>i®ratiOR cf this f^urr9r.fi»Tr of polloy fJc. 148^}7 (ij»« 



^■-r 



.., > i. (. ' 






eweu by ih^- uima Tec i sty hn:l d^t-id May 10, 1S99) nnd in ficnsidera- 
ticn^Qf ^ fl^^-f'luft or llCSa «at)h tftonth in. a,ivrtro«j on cr befcro 
Bcor of tl^e /IJOtlU day of &noh o;tl«,rti:l,ir 8scnii.>j during; the continuance 

of tl;t^ polloy, an:* sitsb j ;:^a t tc thj li.ef«*H a/ri ccndit Jon-? of ths? pel* 
ioy. (r^stid t-eness ur I ccnJitlens wofM a®$. out in narrative:: fcr© 
«l IfersjStj'i if. 5^i;du count,) It 1« ruTtltitjr »all«)g*^d lh,%\> en A|.ril 
SSi, XUCl, the pUiirttlffd «?5re aaii«5 b^r-sf iol-?irit»s urid^r ssnia .pell- 
Oy; thnl t]ti»rsfon=i, or? Octcber 33, 10C3, th.c Mtifcual lifts Inj4>,iraRC© 



(eet cut at l*r.gth ir. s'l.iM ocitnt); Vb.t thar<?aft^'^T, or? April SO, 
19C5, the d«ref.v!jint, tfA«tr= fencf^t^n gt* tLa friit^its TempXarfl, etc, 
Ocj&pany, in Gcri>3 iteration cf tha pF<s«iis«?>, ssi^vie ard !,1-^1 lv«5r«<i it« 
certain o<»rt ificiita, '-th^^raby, in cG5^?"ii3fi»tlcK tti'it aaia ^eter 
Kdro ehouli K;<t\cs a pr^rsivus paywisrit en B%ld |,-o2i3y, No. I3&bl, te- 
es i.i Ksiijjiits? TeE-t-^arv';, eto., C^-sesppmy, «»'j-i o?<««5© »ai4 pa/a^rt tc 
bo &cVfsct«A^)u^e».i by *-j rs^'fj^ir-* &t|;r;*3a by ito goi?»ral managor, it 
"ftSii'iujneJ anil ssgre«a to pay th<s a»f>utvt «?fci*sb HKight b* payable at 
the as-Hti* oT «atd r^U'^r Kern w?;dl?jr and by virVuti? t-f ««.ld polivy, 
We. 135&1*; thai t?ila pr^^wiuss, p^y»*3Kt -i^aB 4»jly jfiad© m^d Atsly ao- 
krj©i»l«dg©.i by tJi« gsRsral sjanag«3t" ©f tr,h« siK^fc^ndfitut Gcaapa^ny, «iRd 
that i;xft;^r-*sard-<5 th-s iffflinitarit oJi«!ng#rf ife^ scrporate iit^s^s and oon- 
timij^a to dc bU'jin'gan as», im.i ii-^ row k?!Cwrj -nif^, the *«!«t«rri Lifa 
IttdeEirxity Cc.»|H^ny, Tkers fcllc* avdrm^nti" of iho full pf:?rfi:'3raaj5oe 
of th-?' ccnaitlone of fill cf ssaiU polloic^c, ir.cIWiinis; th^s |i«yBieni 
cf all rrew-ltsBs awe -iovn to .■»;:.} in.jluaiKg Jwna l"?*, l^CS. Ar. t it 
i«? furth<3r allsf^jfl that, on Jun^s 19, iOCS, aufif>;;f. tli«> lif« lice cf 
?«ter K«rr!, anl thr«« y *■'•*. t^ ' fi:!! prorct^i®** h«vin,t been paid on a^id 
policy f\n4 tliO fiaicw bfin,-; «tllT ir. fulj foro«s sn«i fiffeot, <??>J4 
Pet^r Kern t«;n-i©rad tL« Paia pelioi*?*?^ ani (s.ni^h ana «ll of ihrn^, 
tc the a^fcridftnt comphitiYf nnd *dle3t«i=i tc: eiurran^er tii« same arid 
r«oeivG tii«x«ft>r ext9n';l(§4 lifft insuraiiOe ftjr tha faae v^aIuo of said 
ooftiraot, or ii-oiioy, for the auKsbor of y^are and !s«f>ntJl.iS apmiti&d 






' i. > I 



■{ --.I • •' 






in tii«» taM^s thtfrelr, contciiRoa, £c~*it, Ttr Unr full i imis of 1 

y«ttr ftii-i 36<'' days"; that within «*3.id p-srloa of 1 year ami 3^0 dixya , 
to-wit, ct! October 2&, 190?, said F^t«?r K^ern -rtiea at KroxvillD, 
t©njn9(8«M0e, al ^]*«j h^e cf ?*; yaars; that ftvcf cf d«atii sfafi fur- 
nl©.h«4 in «iwe time t-c ?!>« d^fi^nt|.*mt o«sr«''iRy nnd t?i5it, trouijht '^dtis- 
In cna ya^.^r trrm hi^ aeafc^*; i'md lih'rt TnleT ¥.&r^ durlaw. his? Ufe 
tlm* p*irforra«;Ki ^rd (?o»»-,pli®'i with, ntMi f.lsintif fi^ -^Incc hin aeatii 
ha?» p<:Jrfcr»«!';l ymi fvirin«5d, "lach ar:-.? all cf Vh<' oonaiticmi, proEi- 
i8e« arid v?tii.*«l.'iticnB in «Aid pclici^s and tius dgraemdnt ccriair.ea; 
3r«t tfee ariifsndant has refvmtsa to x-^y aald »u« cf .f4,00rt, or aj;y 
part th<srecf, to th^j tlsma^a of plriin^ifffi of ^4, DOC, eto« 

In Iha a-iJitlc-nfj.! count it is all'Ug-i'i ir^ ^*iil>&var;C« that 
before th® aaklng of tha p.rc«!i8«ff. ty thr? 4«f«?jnd&nt h*»r*>inaf tsr 
set fcrth, th?; saict I. 0. o. ?. -o^;iety o« rcTifswlv-inia dUi iRsure 
*t^ life cf t-eicl ret«r Ksnt, ma by it?? rcli^Jy -ild yroviiss for ax~ 
t.«fi4cJi iceurar-oQ irj Ct^«i'? ef X^i ue uft^r tli!$ payiP!*??;! of thr^s full 
ye«x»* froft-ixaaa; and t:*at b.ttora tliti ^.tikixig of th%id promi<i(3» b>' 
the aefonCiiM'tt, th« ®.jilti lafit m«r.ticn*5»i j^feliOi' wsii^ .'iRf^UKiti^u by aaid 
Mutual InfsurafiOQ ^ ^x;^rif of rtnnjsylvaftiai %3fi-.l th.^st t}i«?reu|:,ori, in 
ocneiaeratlcr* <5f th© pr«5»il'5e« and that naid Kern t»ikcul.i ca-NW a 
cartaln presaiiim p'^yasuRt to th« a^f^fomiant on &Bi>i iB.'iX m^nticrieci 
pclicy, Ifii* defendjy^.t, th^sr Icir:,* l>unin«i»« a** th-s Knights T«R^plar«, 
«to,, CoaRf-any, ent«}?©ii Intc ?j aertaln agreeei'^nt «it^ said K^rn, 
for ths b«n«fit cf j-lsirtiffs. (Hsr^ is« eet out in fu31 tbs ltt~ 
struaont of April 20, 1?05, isbov- »?n ft^rth."* AxM it i?^ further 
allogiSi^ tjEi.-t 90i^ prsRlum pay»;'f^«'>* "^^^^ g.ad« antt th^ ddf»n.xftjr»fc*« 
general t»ar?*tg«r »okr.<:w1«tiged eaii j>»iyEBent by hi'i r':^<5elpt (?<«t cut 
in full); Bnd th'tt cujld ineiur&rae ^as r-ade jayr'ttle to |lisin'vi-'fo 
an O'^nericittriefti nrd th»t ns-nUi Xnigfctrt T<&85p1Jr,r», -^tc, Cotapany 
tt.ft«r«far49 ch?ng«d ite natt-e, 5to.; ani that 8«ia raster Korj' jald 
*ill }-rt5irtiu»«i on cr b-sfore th« "Oth iSsy of @uv,h Cf»l*tr,.fiftr Konth "un- 
til »nJ inaludlr.g the 19th iay of Jiiiie, 1906"; an) thj?it on «aid 



(' - ): 



:xt 



,.- *i ■■ ■.. ' .1 



•' j7 ■■■ ■;'»■ 






' ■■: ,( -IIV -■ : i-ic 






.4- 



Jvi.n'*e 39, 1906, f^Bi'i T'sits.r Kf'rn, 3.%vit;r psiid thr^e full yeajfa' pre- 
mluin? on e.aid p«lici«?«, t*r'-.U}ir«d **)■:« polio lot^* to a<?f«jr-J«rtt 'itul 
€ilect.eci tc hav0 <5«l<s «xi^t>d!!»d IriiTOraiirj^: for «al4 t^ra of 1 yi»ar 
ana 36C deyci ^urd ttat en Odtcbtir ^S, 19i'.7, and •within aaia ox- 

iirfi Ihijt prooff^ of Uoath Ti:<?jrtt in •,iU':«; tijfe« wade, am.-; t.h;:f,T. rtjtvjr Kern 
ftM tiift pltein'tiffj* Im.i &i «JI tiK.is& p«*irf«'>m9d all tlie- cc^dl'Licny 
ef tfi« pclicie©, 5Ho»; tc tiia ci^iKiftge cf pl^urtiffj? of f-4,00C, avc» 
Ok JuBit' 4, 190^, tiift iyjfoKsiani f ilf?4 a gisrt^^ral aiiu s|.o- 
«lal cifjiffiurrer ic a^ivi Re:f<>jKi«ti .1134 ©dditlcnsl oc-untRj tut en O«'uob®r 
11, 1900, by atiE;ulf»Lion, it trap t:td®Tmi that »ai.j vieiaiirrer be 
withdrstwn, arid vioftiTuiAr.t fllaU a pl*«i of Ih'S gam^fnl isit'tiQ Ic 8;..;i^ 
couTitn, and sil!??i ••& plea cf ultr'-'. virQg . to th>3 ^sffact th>.t it -^a© 
b®yorci th«^ powerfrj cf tUfefidant to gr&r^t Uhid ?eter K>-«ni the extend- 
ed Ineurar.c® iC>t the m;!Kber of y^atn and Ejonthsfis In eaia ccimte 
n:-«nticn©d. Tc ihln f;3sia cf u^tr>> vir^ii glaJntlffat fileii a r^rHca-- 
tier-:, tc >'iiioii TniUcaXUm defand&rt d«jm}?rsid, &nu <?n ^pril 30, 
1910, the ocurt oarrled th« dar^urrer bimk to d«'f^arjd»nt *t? ssaia pieis. 
^■^ ^ lyy^' yjyes artsS t^jutftainisa tho 48«jurr«r to «^id plaa. ?iib8«- 

iuently d^tcMnrX tjitlidrffw it^ ploa ff g5tner.s5l ianue and ril*d an 
.vffloriUddl j'lea c.f ^i H r ^ t y ir o ft. to ^hioh pl.^irstiffs r«r.li..'^d.ji dsfend- 

int a^.'i-urrsa te I'L^ rei; * i^aticn; a»:d en July ^'J?, l""31, «*Jt£ld dUKJurrfJr 
A-aa ixgfxir, QiAXtHd fcaok 6.r)i «su<?!tain'id to the f<I«a, rub8«iv|U«ritlj' 

pl5iit.tif fe. uiiSiurr^d, ana en May J-^, K'l.-*, t.::;i«t dwivrr«r '^*s* sus- 
tained. cUbaeq'uently fief^naant obtnir.^^d Issavs to fi3«, a?,-? filed, 
a plea cf %h*s generi;! i«3\;e tc plaintiffo* tl>-»cl£tfat icr. fin," QBnh 
aoxxTiX. tl.eraof. 

On February S&, 1G13, pl*4lntifr?, by lo«v« of oourt ajfisM- 
04 tLiiir "addit lon»J" co>jir.t by ir.««rtlr.ij, iRm<?cUat«tly fclloi^iis^ 
th-a ane.r;:iiifm th.-.t F«ter Kerr? paia sVl pT«f5i\ass "until arrJ Iri- 
cltaing; the leth day cf Jiir^e, ie06,* th« follow- ir-g: 



"''■•■ ...■■r' 









'.i^i'iu 



/^:;- ,iJ''' 



>. 'J ■■ 



'.4 ..J 



'? / ■'! <^ .•> > 



i vfii-i-Aj" •; I ,. .iJ' ..'0 



that montfe «rac -i-slay^ja n "** ioyp C'^iri,? tc confuf'ion ?iJ-i-.i .iciU>t 
as trc ih'ii t.&Tnc-n %o who», -t'^l the platt«> whera, f^'ild premliAK 

lr-:*i>re said T'estsr JCsrn Id arcUh'i'r Gcr«p^"vny, and at?*o OH'inii t,c 

pre«iuai -m^.^ tenJar^i^d tc the d<if 'drntaf^t ocs^j.rtny on, to-t?it: Kay 
3Cth, 1?06, &nd sgfiG cf^ the -Hh ^t.iy of Juno, U'Of^ - but although 
tii<5 deffirdant wa» in luty 'oourui tc aco«rrt ft'^iid pr^ssSiasie Jfti9K 
pre*«rit8<i its spit^ of ?t?i-,i d«jlay, y-at it rafuc^i^d »c tc ic, 

•ArsiJ ».ft?i>rt?arci«, en tho l\:tli dii? c^ Jurist, ll^rS, the said 
ififfiurai agsin teJidar^d iii logfU tiK:df»r s^,l<3. Way pTrniium an afore- 
said, and^se /ir. alti^rnat ive cffsjrft'i tc «*;i:prerjui?r saia pcHoy f€>r 
th« j-urpoe^ cf having isfiu^d ie him oxt«r.40'J inavr'sroa for Xh^. 
p&titi ef onn ye^r and ihres hi.r;:i.raa <i5ixty 4aya, in li«vs iheracf - 
both cf »33ioh effer^ or t3nd«r?* wore r<sfxi>s6'>J by the da-femiant 
ocsRipany, ehieh a««igr.-';-i as tl-.^ cnly reason for «,«.id rsfx-'sal ^iutt 
©aia irtsuranae haa fe'ears f erf «itavi for nct'-payra-^nt cf said j.^rsKjius; 
ITcmiily <m %h^ SCth day cf k'ay, J90€. * 

On Ipril 8, 1913, the c-au^e oiine en for trij;<l bdfoi'e a 
Jury, ^n-X it ntit^ cr^^r^d %hj-i% do^or.aanl 'tj pl^a of t.he general it^aua, 
t!'©r®lofcr« filed, island a» itw pl€;;i to Bald »*lHionrsX cei:ni as 
jswseK^c-i. On .Sjril 10, 1*^13, the jyry retumea a v«r<n«it fir.aing 
tho l0iEJU«se agair.^t dftficir jant ?sn,i ai'-'^aaeing plBlntif fs^* damaig^g at 
the suia cf |l,341,C4. Or. May *?, 1^13, Ih^ ccuri c^arrul^u aaf^na- 
writ's piotionK for a ne'; trial nrv-i in arrc^i't of jui^ii^efrt, ?i~rui snter- 
ea judgtiiSRi iJpor. ths ver-ilct, 'shich Jud£K'*r5t ctf?fer4«nt by %'hir. ap- 
peal seeks tc reverse. 

Tlie fcll^s-lrr? f'iote' In ^iuh^t^^^c? -af-^r?? sil«'?lcrea^i by IM 
9¥id§2ice: Uivi-sr ..;.<xt« cf May 1'?, 13^!), «ni'.i I. 0. 0. ?. ^oalftty 
laauea a policy c-T life irviiLrunce, Nc. H697, to frtt'?r ?r<??R. TlUa 
pel icy '^ssJ rot ir?trcUu<53a irs eviienc*?. On Octcbe.!* *.K', 1900, ihf} 
policy -srec 4«urr$«dfc'r?»is ar.d •xch'-mgad r^r a ncfw rolioy, Ko« 3173;-?, 
in the n-tmB «»ooi«ty. TLi« policy vvii»if^^ introuucaU in -mi'-innoQ* By 
It the ??ooiety, ir> con^iUcration cf th« p.9:^i*:j.fjt of ^ |.:r<5ffiivar* ef 
flO.Se on cr fc-<sfor6 tii^ ECth .;lay of ««^oh «i>l4n4sr R.;onth yr»a «ub« 
ject to /t:any con4itl©ry sjecifiei, 2i.green to pay uporr thifj death of 
Potor K^irn to K«nrietta Kern, *ifoi, if livlm», ^ircl if i;ot living, 
tc tho ineured'e a.'ijRir-i<»tr''itor« cr a^^^lgns, «ithir« 90 ii^ys a"t«r 
tliP: rec«ipt SB i approval cf j; roof ♦? of ieatfe, -itc, a "^rt>fJti aaxunt* 
cf f4,000. By th« 7th olaua.^ of tli« prir5t<«d convUtions of febs 



4:. 



'4 !J i 



:\:: 






•6- 



to left© tLari wcula b« rst^uired ty the "latlij t*r praRiium rafesn,* 
fcr ti^e attltlnef^ agfc; oT ^'iia in^jvred, for the "gro?*^ aisouKi" c-f 
iRRurariC^ oxprtsssj^ci, h« i^ay c-lsot fee fay promiWiR ixi C!C?n?crB.ity 
wiiii euah ta,t-le, ar>«i tl:.at should] ^n^ofc elaotion rx-ft b«5^ m'.:^&, ths 
Usability c-f tA«j acol«ty "shall not ex'?9s4 svoh mm as the asj-cunt 
paid by the inRrir«a isiilt puTch-y^-^e /"iaooriirg tc tLe t^r^Jiaiiare pre- 
®crib««i by t^aU tjitla of •pt^i&im-i r-^vt^s.* Und'sr a >(saciing, "Ai*- 
jTiUal ana SJcnthly Inatal.lte^nt ?r?relia6cj for -attch flOO Ineuranoifs i^-Ay^- 
atl^i fiiocordir.g tc ted pT^t^atit attairt94 aga of t1i<3 ih^ureii, * the 

S"? ©tjntfc. Ptrsiet Ktxi\ '*-'».:• born en Ootdjar 31, 1B3&, aBu ht-^ waft 
64 y«.;tr»f: of a^© at th»^ date of thf? i8.^us.n08 of tt;« policy, tmd , 
&& the e-onthly pi'smlum *i^«? tlC»68, th« amount of lr»«wranc« tLia 
frfemiuti wcula pwrcii?*t*o at the ag© of 64 If* tl,101.0'5. By U-Ci 
%%h alaii«o it i-'» ■pr«iiilas4 thnt if %hiB pel icy shall b^soojaQ voia 
by the viclaticri ef ary ©tipulation all rayrssentw tiihall ba nstaine^ 
uy i.i-;« BOfti^iy^ asiaept that, if ?*ft#r thre* fiill y^sara* pr'^^taivirss 
ahall iiav« betijR p«ia It ©hall b»OG«^e iroi4 solely by th^ non-p«tyiften% 
or any jrawiiUir; when due, th« c.wri«r vfill bs ^ntitloi, oii Isgal aiir- 
rtmu-vr cf this? polioy within SO <ia.y^ the r«»a«*t •'!.?, (,t) to r»?ftaiv9 a 
oertif loat© fcr fjxtentllng tMe inrjurarieia tot th© faoe vr-vlue of thl» 
pclloy for the 'iUKb''r of y^sars ,:ina jaoRth« »|';«oifJle4 in a 'table of 
evrr@r>.i«r valu^is," uron th« thirU imge of tJss policy, provided that 
if tOPith CGOure i»;rin^ ths tera oovers^ by <?«oh extended insuranCfi, 
th^re fflsalX b« 4*4iuot«ti frcai the amount fr/ayat>ls the uisount cf pr^a- 
BiiigKB wiiloh *cvjld have fc-^en paid hati thor® b«*sn no l»p«e, or (-i) 
to rtj'osive « i^xla up lif« |:.oiicy for tli*3 iyaou/it ff>p«oif led ih Hstid 
t&bla, or (a) to r^oslv** thss ytsousit ftp^ic If led In a--ati tabl* ';4» tii« 
oa«h valvitt of thiR polioy. In saia tablo on «aid third pa^a it 



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; ,1. , ., ; A ;. ,•'■ ' '■' j; q /I »;„■'!>*» '..'J 



appearwii that ?it th*i eni cf tbf* yth year t,h<'} p-fjriCs* or -ijxt^ndcd 
insuranca wfitsla bft for 1. yaur ;in:i 3SC vkuya. By the lit.h ct.lauae 
i% i(: provldeu (a) \,]>,it, afUvr tLo pclioy i-ictfi boon oofsViuuouely 
throe yenr?" ir. i'crce, ftjiy eurj.lue Gelonging to It, ai"^ tietiirfiiinofa 
by ths sroaiyty, ehttll b© crsdltaa har^to annv^illy, ^s-fia (b) lrh.it at 
the ct§ath of lh« ir.^nired, -'my nurplns iher. wtaivilnj!; to tho crealt 
©f thl« pel icy shall b-^ payable ber^iindt*r in aKtiHitri it ih*? acscunt 
that v.ould ci,fe'.^r>J'i«.3 b'5 4\i<S(, :n\d (c)^ rovi'iing, thar« i« no iracot- 
atdnaen ©taniin;- .•^jgalrnH Ujii? pclioy^ ^he in<f\irei Key have ar^y sur- 
FI\ih cr^dltsa lo thi« policy applied in rdduoticn of prtsiBiuas terp- 
en, Attaoh<s<i tc 6?vi'i j'^Hay, Nc. al73«'i, is a ri<iar, si,j;n«?d bj- twd 
pr«eld.^nt r-T,d seoret'^ry cf th';^ ficol'^^ty, ^iis^STKi fipril 'i'i, Iv'C'l, tc 
the <5rfi3ct that in scnfcrsilty with -^n nj plir.-itlcri of th?? inaurya 
tho rolioy i«'^ JTiads fviyaVlft to th5 pl-^ Intifff (n-'^jfting \,h&m ana i©- 

After ?«-sij fclij^-y tmi h'^nn ir, fere-? for " T'^riod cf acre 
than thrt'tj yestsra, ll le'je 'ijxojiun*:^ i tct ^ no* pol i'.;y or aortif lajsto, 
Vo, l^^^blf i«?^^i-ad fey tha i'vt*,-?^! Llf ;5 InBuraro^ Comr.any cf r^rjt.syl* 
var,ia, I'XtHr ua,t4 cf OciCcar ^l^, ir:C3. Thiiis pcliey wa'* itttrcaucasi 
in ^viaofico ani en it'-; f)>».«0 it, is- fa%tsfj ili:^ti QJiia ocmp-tny, in ita- 
ccrdartoe 'siti; t^is terea?^ cf ar; ssgretj^^nt "hfjr'SGP. •s'vior-'eu, " ir;<;ors9 
th^! lif^^ cf "J^et^r Ksrri "fcr th« ^.a.fte «sm«ui».t .'at death a- wat? payabl* 
und'^r pclioy, Ko. 31T3.':),* iaftnied hy fts-ji;! p.colety , * j»y; .jijiteraAr^eKi 
4 , r. sacf-rigriCtj <»lt.i cKauMi^ 7 cf the rrivll«gc'<? '^r^.i oonuit ior,'.> sn- 
<icr«e.i en ^.^jd rclJQy. The Hcibl?* cf itemiur?^ rataa* rt?rarrei tc 
in said clauea ii- the table h«!!i<le<4 'Aiiimsil ^nd Mcnthly rraaiujB® 
for tiwch §100 Int^urefioe FMysble Acicrvtlng to th.s Frt5i««rit Atvained 
Ago cf the iKaurel. ♦ The amotitit c" thiis in^urar>ce, tml^iea ohan.5«4 
by thes Inaured^ i« pAyaLlc t^ Uh* rum^ brsn^f ic J-ari^?! a*^ are naajja 
Irs «aiJ policy. Ihfi prftKiuns or tiiie insurarcj'S l« flC.SS, rayable 
• • en c r t«fcre tho SCth day c* suah ircnth in eaoh year during 
tli« ocritinuattod cf thin insturano®. • • thi^ o^rtiTioste shall be 



■ulJ 






■■i ^l-^'~.U:-t'A {is -iJ 
\) •"'.■ ■■'■.'.•^ T-;> it^) ♦ ♦ 



-8« 



r«irerrftd to hb Policy ¥ifc, ■13$5li,*' On nh^ facvj ©f ihi^ e3c?rt.iricat« 
cr folloy tli«rc3 9^x0 -^rinVsti in .JS'-jiioU \h4 -sorda: "Attaal; this tc 
ycwrpoliay.* Tij« Aiir^SfSebist refanr^ja so a?i b&ing "h-atson f^maorvjeii" 
was prlnVa.i in rin« print on xar^ back of th« ?jdmfio-:Hi'.- ct policy, 
arid purjf.or%« tc i>« an agrda?!er\t. te®t»#ar. saivi I. 0. 0. F. Hcoiaty 
ttKsd seaid Muluai l-if® Ce>r.p'^ny **ar:ii any »iig!asbar of ti.Q Tcoii^iy who 
flrhall fliocort th^^t t'iir.a*! henticf, l^jroiraft^?' called 2n«ure.i." It la 
<iat«d July ;]S, 11^03, ftnu the sigisatut«« (printed) of ?fnid rcoi^ay 
and cf ftalj Ccmpany, by th*^if .r«f^r motive «atvr«tarisH, aprefir. Bs- 

Monthly Fr**«i\3C6 foJ* erioh flCO Irinisrancss payable aoccrdir.fj tc the 
pjfyeent atl^iintjci <i!ge of tha Ixusuroti, * In «aia iabl^>- th» ssiOfiUily 
pr<Wfcium at fx^h oi* 6^« y««rfc it^ fixsa at 2& c^ntf?^ at ih»!J «<ji2 of 65 
yeare ut SS oonta, «t tho yg:# cf 67 35, fl»10 anl at the u^e cf 6S 
«t I1.I6. In y..* fir^t olv^ia5« cf s<\ia asresssi^nt it .1.5 sptat&>i timt 
the coffipany ln«ur«ift th« lif*. cf th^ Inswie^vJ «in the fimount whioh 
th» prmsium pai'i by th«? In^vsrsa to tba Cofsj-.any «*11 p^iy for at th« 
»tt8ing4 age cf tho Inefur^d ao.:Jcralng to ths FrefltlUHi ?oh«ciulft hars- 
te atiaoicKii and Jj^raby f^rcKinas tc pay ♦ * ilw waid amcunt;:? unto 
tlitt oaneflt^iAXy nsKid.i * ♦ xithin %^0 aaye afl^r th^ racsii;;'!. cf »atia- 
factory r;rce.fe cf deatii c-f the In^uraa." Tiii'> prevision in e^sainS' 
ly in oonfJiot with th% fn.00 cf th«s policy &« to ti'i«J Aiaowiit cT tho 
IriBiiraBOft tc b« pK^id ujion tii*^ aeath of the ins»,ur»d, but by ths 8tb 
ola!a«« C'f the aj;r«<3mt9Kt it i« iU^^ted th-nt *if ths rr^wsiww paiU by 
the Im>iir«d tc th^ Cc-iapBny ab*»ll i&« ths «»«i:;)a a«' that Jio* fooing j-aid 
by him to the rpaiety. x,he ni^t -mc-iiust cf innuyajsoe payafcTe horeun- 
^®' j^-|j*^*^ , l I'^C't i>£ l ee tf._ t har: tha a%o\jr«t r,ay%tle unu<^ r t he {r^re^J^^nt 
octitr«:iOt (;.r inisurar.cij yfitn the ^ cc i^ty , a« ■ ^stn^rwin-'^i by r'^jcticrt V. 
£f. tiic; Coriuii tcnf! 'jr-acr^eji on Brtiu ocntr».et'» . " In tha ;ir<i clause 
of saia yg;r0««iOTt It i« ^tataii tfi'it Trcvlviou t::.e If>sur<;jd»«i j-iolicy 
b«8 fcr^an ocrtin«ox:esly cne ya^r in f crocs' in "opiQ^^ t Xhn 0£ fe p <iri ;f 
h'STeby «,gr««R yjfon t,h« sooertanaa by th<? Insni^r^i of thi*? agi'ajjtiwjnt 



.' V. ! 






••'*«. 



isble by ^i* er htrr hsreiwii^^r tc tite CfMn]p<-sr!y, ■ It appt^ara tLat 
f^oXicj', l»o, 'HI'S:--, 'w^^.o continttowf^iy In for«a for i-.cre thiu". on« y«-ar 
iR tUns I, 0. 0, f, :^,o Piety fe^'jfor*? tha i(si»'(i3A!nce in^y tJ-.« pcntJ<%rvf/ oC 
®ald poH-^y, H<?. 135{:l, tut it ^io^iis r.ct arpft^ir frow tha si¥iai-',se 
Ihat tlic (^cmpgfty «!V«r j *-ii^ 1^^' F<;tf!r K«rn fp.tiU l/l.-.lilk of '?ai'i f ir»t 
aursual r. J'cvffiii®!. Iri ths 5th ciauRe of *»ald v-.i,^r«3affl-3r(t it. le pycvia>'sd 
tbat •Th'S tj9n*T-'."'>yyt?nt by Imnur©'! wher •Jue of any «uir. du« fcereuncier 

frcfti -til 11 -ability h!:'.tmm-:i-st tc the Irj:^i«r<M, ^^r;a, in *?i,ich 6Vyn%, 

It %Lui* n.ip>?.nrp. ihuX %hB previa ion, a©nt^iri«;<;i in ths ?'fch olaue^ 
c-r tM policy, ?Jo, £173;], a'bov'! i39nlion*s<'., r«lat.iv>3 to tihic^ .{:>rivil«g« 
of s^xt-^nded Ineura/:-'')^, ejtc, in oar© of t»i;a nofi-r '"y^'--""^^ f>f ^■'^'^V 
pr.-Kiu:fi whon iu«^, i? r.ct conti'iiTisU In «ai4 policy, Kc« 1.35bl. lu 
ths 7tli cIr!M'^0 of W9;i^i agres^Riisnt it is r-'i^r'vM^sd th;.it, "nclic^ oT tii*i 
awount Hyi*i tl»e c-f paysa^nt cf at>y pr'?f*JiiJM clwf^ ti^e Cotsparsy htstn'- 
umi'jr isi^ given by th» C«>a;p:Any an-l .aG<30pt«4 by t,!,.^. Irj^ntrfls-i ^ |, ^».^. 
T.avffe'arit of cm ^:iu<5). i;r'»g*lw b 'ft r'^ttnd^r , 4 ?iy ^ i :;;Ui<n.f /^otic;s; *hioi.» 

viJeu, tfe.-il r-otloflii* t'.Jiy pji. it^ el'-mtion o« ?$*:ji;t ov-t by th.4 CcEip*^tty, 
tout th« Cc»TipKr;y tihall nol; L>a r-a^jpcn^iiji^ for ^ivi* ^ fii j&^ic:?). or 8>if ~ 
garrlur tf cf any ftuv?h nctioea." In t»Ji9 l*^*th clautAis of Raii agree- 
ffiar;t it Jr< f:,rovi.;iml that proof 1^ of J^'!Si)r<; seu^t !..«3 furi»i«^i9d ?s?itLin 
six mofithia aft«r trJ?..« «Jeiitlh cf the iK«»ujrM, af.?J that no suit aguinst 
th<* Comp^wy «r<on th© fC»lloy «h!*n b« isrouglit »>. ft^?? one y<!SAr froja 
th« tia,« €.f th« Insurtd'ff dostlu It -ipprDriir^ from th« ■•jvid^moa that 
on March 10, 1S04, a<»i4 te-iioy. No. i;'5 6£l, Ir. r.ai'.i Miitu-il Lifu In* 
»urfiir-0(^ Coffspany, w.%-i! fiiJi^wsssd by 1,119 ■Li^'c* Inavir^u^cf? Oompariy of Peiin* 
sylvani-j* ly wrlttsrj w'S.T.orsunduK «er.4 tc ?ja;i<i P^t.^r Kern and r-.^- 
aviiV'sJ by him. It furt^^er app-tsar*? ti.at f^t'^je K-^trn sktjc^pX^-l a^Ua 
policy, No, I3i,51, an'S thftr-saf t.a- pai.<i fi-rap^iw.® th-^jr^oii !aitj].«jr tc 



'^ J . T .'fit-.': re u.ylxio 



-ic- 



utiii Mutual tifii Ocmp&ny or ffftiU hi"^ C».j^ftn>-, wf>til mk4 policy 
wa?s asisujsed fey t.ht> 4<8feraj3jnit, s" hOMinaft«r esant ior.«<i . 

WAcr 4ttt* of April ;3C, l'-0&, th*? aef-^ndaot o©mi::i*r4y, then 
doing buoir.«S!a ViKa«>r th** name erf Knight*^; TsisplairH a.iKl M^^Grm L4f© 

l.lf« Ind'j«.ni'4y Cc-mpany), 'Sjseoisi'fi <!ir\4 <l«Mv#red to P«t«r K\«rn Iha 
in«trur»eiit in writing fir-'st. abovQ m«r,it icne^, n copy of which wast 
filci »ith tha a6olar-itlcr.» IM orii^inal ¥»«»? intrcdwctju in *jvi- 
4«nc>i$. It will 1,5 n€-.tilced that by ihift iKjntrvaa'^rit Urn mfisna^rxi 
agr©©« t.bat, gjLon a pr^Kiiwie |HjyK.«ftt vn ^i'iid pclluy, .^o. 15;>ul, 
sfhall .Uiv« b««r rsaa^ft V© Uefontianli ari SGskrsowl'a'lseci hf a r^enijct. 
"Signed by xletm^dm-i%*i> jiawaral ff^^anagar, "ti*^.* aKsomit whiui. Koa-/ b«* 
pttyftfc'la «t t,a« 4.-?ati'. of iito ijrissyr®iij * ux^.'A^r «?il4 poUoy, K«>, iSiil?:!, 
i(»f?iii^a cr ai^^^Vis^^tl by f?aiu Lifa Xn«iira?-<3« s^tsspfsny cf r««ni*ylv;jnia, 
"soill tsa js^^vBctd? tey th-? ■doff^fK-L'-int, It arv ««J^** ?if<*' ^^'^^ ^^i^^na^ 
th'st the ootiailie^n« c-f th*i as (svtarsr '- i ^-'Jf' ^^^i^"* f'^Jlly '3iOK3pli«c4 ■?.'ith, 
vi«; -11,;-^ a E:r«siiViifi j-Hym^nt ^si^ tfu-iae by T?}i-».T K»*rn te^ 4®fisr/iajot 
ami a rrjoelft i8nt:«d. tLerofcT f'ij'n^a by d«farj'iai5i*f> gerisral asaRft* 
g€if. It, rurtker ^p]'<SArn tb^t vaU i%utssoa>i«"i^ prmnivimi^, Mf to ana 
inoluairig. thfi pn«Riaas payable <jn or ^eTcr^ j«rrJl HO, in^OC^ »«;<rs 
F&i-i by P<Jter Kern ic a^t'irrUtint, but ir^'»t ihni noxt j r«p4ium, aue 
Msy ::C, 1006, w-j'? net f^ii't when .iue, ancJ tb,r<l .4\2Ting ^h«^ taonih of 
Afrfll ,tn;'l «ay r=^t»r KsrJi w^jp net Irs :i:cod h«Rlth, an^i that, his &cr\f 
Johr. r, Kern, w?.« locking fiftar hit bydnisw?) ?,f r^^ira, Irioluding 
his iri,suT3.no*s asnttsre^ at Knox? 11'' e, T6nn«««t««, wb^^r* bcth father 
ana *-->e.n then t«jsidad. It furtU^^r aiv.faiira tijnt ?*al4 iufjtru^eKt in 
wrUir.^, totaring date AprU ZO, l9Cb, w%« fc,r*'ar.i«'^ -io P®ter Karn 
H,l-evt t>!*c ffiontih^ y&tor^' ite vifits. It *ajf ^ncl(^n^d in a l.tJt,i,tM- to 
Liai, ^'igriad L-y the gen^fral tk^ti^g>'ft of daf «r.:iant an*l dai«d ysbru- 
ary la, 19Cu, irt part, ae follcwft: "Kinily i>tt.i$«h tii;i incloimi rluj^r 
tc ycur priiioy. By thlf* .•sgr^fjjsefit, thi^^ Co«t4.'«fiy KS^^'UifRo.*? nabili- 
ty ufor- 'fovt.r polloy upcr. recfeirt frcn' yet* C ycur preratiiti, -'7},ic-lii 
will L >^ ,.ue .St.*? .>hOi?n bf th« inolCi«>ea prs^wiuw iK^tio*^.* Mi«.^ M. D. 



\ , ■. . 


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-11- 



tntii, ons of %L& pi=ailn*iff« «fta ort-2 of iiv^:? bftw^f l«iarie«=s mmed in 
tbd j-olioy, te?Hl?ic-u thii she of^^ tii<3 oi^tfjr cf tivi other fXaiJ->- 
tl.ffe 'if-.d belief l«i a r3©>«, srn<." that hor fsjtii'ar'*C0K«er'03^1 r^'^yiJ'g 
money" tc- defen-iant ftbf^ut Marcii 15, I'^OS. AtilaohsJ to lj«r defpc- 
eJttcji 'wua Uie following t^^csipt (which wa"? intrMuoea Ir. evldcnoe), 
signeu by Xh^ gener-al w-'aRagsr cf 4-sf9n*i*inl: "IriSrlll^* P«*e0iv«d 
frcff. P6t«r Kc?Ti5, 3ft pr$®lvai! on Pclioy Kc. 1^551 tc tpi. 2C, 19C5, 
lie. 63. Faid Ar.f. 7-05 . Tear r.«xfc promiusi will b*:' aw« an.J payable 
on or t^fcre Aj ril 3C, 10C5. " Xrn].R«noh as preail^isses wer** ^^oyabSe 
woniLly on or baf€.r« the SOiU -iay of each mt^Rth U thxis ai.r'Oar® 
thai th's prteiiu* ^luit March 20, l^^^OS, vsa*? net aotwally pai4 until 
Jlrril 7, ISCiS, but lhr*t tl»«^ 'Mf^mmt mm&pi^4 It. Ort ?ifarafc 6, 
IS'Oe, tba a®f6-it'<dsiit QOifjp^sfiy, ty a^cr^a M, «ouHon, Itf pr«'*si''i'®'"'** 
wrcto Fster Kern awVing tcr hie proxy to vote* at a jfc«eting of roSi- 
cy iiOlvi»sra tc- b» iiola March THh, on tha fiubJ?.-ot of the p.ro|.cs®d 
rf!-l.neurar>o« In, ct trnKaffsr of tir.«? pc-li:5ief;! to, tha A^yfiaan 
.iiutu&l Life Irnitiranoe C<»apaTty cf Cfci«ago, «ir?d on kptil 3C, 19&S, 
d«f«naant e«Rt to ret«r K^im a copy of tli«» prop^^^ed ooRtr?».<?t cf 
trinsf«r, with a iettar, ai^^ncvl ty the A»«TSoan Company ?4nd aaarsRa" 

e<l tf. I.h«f polley-hclaeifa €r re«fib«r« of th« <ififf«irti,.int oompr^-ny, giv- 

ten 
iRg_2-'^ays ' <5rao« for jpayisent of ^irf^t pr3ffiit«»», '-iue isiSay 1, IPCS, 

i&ni atiitln^ thsit •pjr«ssiuj« notice ^ill bs ««nt ttJ eiusa wos^ber rricr 
to M,iy 1, 3?0o.* It ar-.r«»^6 ^^'-^^ <•«!'' rt-inniJt^noG. contract with 
«ala AtaijrSoan Company m^n net oon«ui«flfflt«ii, .-^nd p i! M»..y 3^;., KiC8t 
Jo1:j:s ?« S«rii fotaia 4^ hi» fa.th«r»a r.ail a print«a letter, datea 
Ciiicfigc, ilay 3, 12C6, iuui aigR«d by said Occrgo U, Moultoii, preei- 
d«Rt of disferxisttt, c.n tb« l<Jtt.er-head of defendant, s»tatir.g tLat tfc« 
•notice «»nt you under i<it« of .*rril 3Cth by the Affl«tl«an Mutual 
Lif« In»urnKC® Company cf Chiaa^o ie vela f- r the r«a<iR th^^t said 
*«©rioari CosspaKy dt'i not <iu?.Ufy,* rs :iu«f!tin;? that ^^t«r JC^jyn "ae- 
«txcy ilia eoj.y cf r>air«v.rgsrio» contraot • * a? th*j aor.traot ia non- 
effective, * ard fLrti-i?jr stating: "Continue your prsi««nt Policy sith 



■■> ,, irj a 






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■>■"-.. n-,* 



fls;t 

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thf> ^^j^t-'-rii TjITs In-i-aerity Ccisr.pjiriy by pK-sy^-eni of assasijmKsr.ta ana 

Hii.i<9«j, t.f which ycu wilt, r<:*o^lV'» 1 1%'^ 1 y r;« ;?t; Ic; ;^,. h« nn'^etofr.jr'®. 

tor ptt/BsfiKt cf asiSiaapr.-ant^ And Ui3«» a" \:*i^ a?iwe ^'.atWl•o. ♦ * Pa- 
8:ittanoe« esu^t b« in ne=$ctiai.bl<? f*Vi»K5?j at j-ar irniu;>; iw Chicmfto. 
If you uffla ycur ps^rsc-rt&l ch«sak a44 t^sti cini*» Tor oolTo«ttOifs ae 
r^^^uirad b/ ban^ r*gulrtt iona, * Or. the nmm ifiy, Kay 3C, I?^^CtJ, 
Jchn r, Ksrn »'*ile-4 to <3-»sf «?n i-'ir:! ft <?h<sok t>C thfl- ret>?!.r K'«rn Couspany, 
i;ayabl*5 to thi& cntttir of 'ief^rdant, r<^r ^10.70, oeing fcr Iho m'.cxivt 
cT tfc© May prtittiufc, ^10,$&, vAv9 10 aontfl for fjc«i; cf s»ACiiaJ»iie. 
John r, K^m te^iiLfla<4 li.at in iha Kionthss of Ar^-ii ^'iftvl M«y, l&ca, 
l»« w^us looVin^ .-ifV-Sr tlnj piiya-irnt <?r j r«EiURe cr- hit} faUi-sr'?! in- 
eurance in tii?j deferHiant ao&psijsy, an-J further ts'«'tiri-*a, Ir. r«- 
spones tf' the «t\i«st tor. Vio'^f it h-ntppfrfoui «hat &« ov^rlccJc-^vl ?*©r»4ing 
a chock fcr &ahi Uxy, 1<>C6, prewluB, th-it '*or> )v.(jemjrii ^f th« ac-ft- 
fu«ir.g and eojvniutinit sot ia®* r!sa«5.lvsd .-abcul th^J oKar.f5«R 'i?h.lch 
ise-fi' sclng Iritf^ «ff«3t, 1 Jl'i iic-l knew ^h*3ri tf^ esn-d thm's ^ttjex. nor 

On Jisf!® 2, 19C6, thdi 4»fenaaf>t, Vf. a l^X.ier ni.zn*rd by 
3r)id ilcultcn ard a4dr€6«©4 to ?«3l®r K&rri^ r^thrn^ii Hs^sii check " fcr 
Ui^ roar-cn iLtit your pclioy, I^C'. 135Jj1, i,*^ rcrrelt-i?a for Ui^ ac-u« - 
payment of ^.hg May rr^^gftluy. whioh «a-'? dv« on May .::0U».'* Or Jisnw 
4, I'.-'ti, John ?, Karn wret«s (Jeorgo H. ifcu.Uon^ pr«>*»i<ieRl c^r ..J«- 
femiatii. In part a© fcllo-sr^tt »I a©, i^vjyrri «©..}. tc l«am that th« 
r-clicy if fcrfait^a 'At* y©tj «tat<5« I fxppv^l a« n Testplar ^lyxl 3a^ 
f^. R, ISasoR tc yew • * tc? r<!»<»c.r»si4«.i* tfel« d«a,l«icn* In 7ij,ther*a 
ab«ar.c« I ovarlocked tM» ftc.tio<» anJi it aid /jct oosio to h&na urtil 
Thur*»a4y last, &h4. mailad tli« ch^xcV at cnOt»» I aan iyi^«svir« ycu it 
w*« iir.' cvtjreisht* • • I uag cf ycu that y©\i will accapt tii?* ef;- 
clo»eiJ eha<}k», on^^ dhXsd Kay ISth fcr 1X1.93, wl»ioh ie a ucllar 
fcr lnt«r««t fcr tho IC dsiya, «.nd as^tliisr eii^scJc for Jwo« for tlCBJ 
thi© iTcluiem 35* for l>tt!ilt cclifl!<Jtion8. ■ Or. Jura 7, lOOo, Mr. 



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Jchr. T, KiifTt^ «;iylr* ir> part: '"^•'jI .? choc'^n ars harewith rsturriad 
fcr %iif^ ro3Str. it'il ania peHcy i./ fcrfeltsd fcr th« ncTi-rr^iymdi't 
ef { ran-.ixim dvi^ on th;? St'th iiir/ of M?jy, Tc-ur fsjth-rr tn oaycfja U*® 
age at vifUioh rtj-in«tat^]Kf!«rtt of hii-^ j-olicv o-in l-y aori??iaex«d mia^ir 
tha rulen cT this Company," Tharstijrori John P, Icrn odsultea an 
ttttcrnsy, Ch:irleis R, Brcurn, In KncxvlPpt, Tann.; an I ??v>b?o-i\i0r.Hy 
Brc^n wai? eisj-loye. tc mst^^ n trir tc Chloagc ar^d ir.tsrvlsw ih>i cf- 
ficere cf ciafftmiant. On Juns I'r, irCo, Bromi cnllod en U^fftnaant. 
onU riri?t mnie a l^Jji-'il fc^triiir cf the assount cf th« frsaiiiifi^ fcr 
Slay «r>a Jvns, Th-3 ;{«f «n:i:irit iocllrs'*.; tc r«c??ive th^j cscney or tc 
r!S«iT5»:-t<!ite Pf^-'sr Ketn a*» a m«5B56i3.r, ana wclsly Tor tlse rea?:-t:-n vhat 
fci^ had f«iUe,i tc p%y th« S^ay ir^reiuK on M?iy 30 tb, Tbsesn Hrc*Ti, in 
tl;« aXt«rj?ative, tyrsd'^r^J the ];o.U-:;l»j!e, arii s*ll rid'aTS aiiu pai.tjra 
cor>?>«dot8.i th'iT&'^iXU, nr.i r^^utnited that a©fsir4aRt -illo'? Pfstsr K^^jm 
exKjnaeu insur^ince, 'i?* prcyi<iej in tl,*^ 9tli olfiU»« cf pcliay; Kc . 
21732, i«se;iiej by the I. 0. 0. I"", fcoi^ty, abcv*:? renticn^a. Thi»3 
the agfandant -iIhc r-iif virtues tr a©,- Jgcult^Mi, presalaart, -'at that 
tiw*^ 0»4ylng: *«?s Uii not a»firssja any ptXloy on the life of ^tster 
K&tn wlilcli prcvidc.j for «xt?*ri:i«Jd lnc',ur^vno«"- HTui F^own liaft, taJc- 
ing tiiC polio ioff eifia pitperis ii^ay with hira. Moultcn, ar<a a clwrJc 
if! th« offioc cf aef«n4ant, tariUlfi*! that McultOB*?! aal.i lottsr 
tc r.Ktdr Kern, dat^d Kay 3, l^^CS, 'fl;a«'< gri«il»3.i or. th® day of its 
date, as ifs^ill ;»» ©everal t; cus^tKi liiinilar latt^rs aJdre©«.«tU tc 
othdr PC Hoy Lcldara. A eailln^f cjl^rk cf isfan-iant also tc^atificd 
thitt st.e OMUf'oi to fci« »Ail©.i to rt}t«r ^etn a, net ice tc pay tho May 
pr«aiUK - ««ld nctlao b^ing .iat«<l Kriy 7, 1^C6. 

On October 2n, 1?07, Pi^t^r Kern -llwi at KnoxvSU«, r.inin« 
wir.C«, ;^*;i beneficiaries, in apt %imt fijai* procfe of a.«i6ttii to as^- 
fawiarit a?ij olti«i«vl tu« iivfuraiio*. .Der«raa.nt i1artift4 liviliJity ami 
refused ti pny plaintiffs anything Mid jjlaiiiilff«, .-?itiiin cxis ysar 
frc*, tii'i aate cC riJt^r K^rr. '« iMrith, en '"ertero&er 14, 1GC3, ook- 
«!«r:c«ii th? pre*Jftr^t suit. 






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CcuiiKol for pl-sir^lf f li, in hi 3 uri-^-f m--i <\ti,m■.c}^li. uQrts 
fileu, atats^ vhsVi. tht? cu R 9ur.t of t»j>* jury'i^ v©rfU5$ w^ia net. in 
aispu*«i» and iiiat th« S'il.** s¥«8 arriv«<i st. a«:! felJo'i^s: 

L«9» io pTewlUJttt? unpaid, till dQr^Vh 39>>.34 

::(.8.79 

I4d lnt«rect from procf of Usath, S^ a3r;.a$ 

Aftcwnti of v*?irciict !^1,141.04«' 

The court. r©fut««a[ de:f rjn'iain *:^ mctiena, t-Si-xa at t.h^': clciic 

of plaintiffs* cfto.a, aiiii agalr. at ihc olcwj? cf all thn ^aiviaoiK?©, 

to instruct th« jury to HiruX tJ;a l^aiise for tha a«f*niiaiit, ana Ue- 

f«r.daifit 9«oeptie4. 

Th^i* ocurt iir;?{t;r»>:!le;:l tii-i) jury orally, ir U<.« course of 

ishich oLar^e th^ jury ^f?V9 iclJ that "pclirty J?c. 13551, ani the 

'5criti\i^',t of i;\imi*«jV'0 9 aP-«?^aB(Sd by the 'i'?f(5nd«uit en thej liJT*. cf Totsr 

K-arn froia tfca I-if'* InRt:r.'^f=oi« Cc'Kpar;y o* F«rr,aylvania, did net aon- 

tuiii ViCf incluiis ary pro^^l^'^icr: fcr -sxtm'ti^i irewraiio©, «xiCh as ie 

tmea upon in salii tie^lar^tion, anfi that, tiierefora, thti p\tiitilitt» 

QanTiGX, recover in tl.ifj aatior. agxtir.v^l tii<ij dftfemlant upon a»';jr ti».<30Jry 

of dxtenoied ii-$mra^:oe. " 

Th** court alvc inetructcci ih'^ j'jry a«s follcv/a: 

•ir ycxj ♦*irui frcr^ '^hs •'jviderae ^hu% after tii*i i«BuanaiS! 
of the foll'-jy in q\jftt!tion -vnu lt?i -laaiipiptiort by the <ief<^ndar)t 
ofjEpimy, aali derisnuant prossUoU ih« ir,^i\:.T^d thnt ho jfould rtj- 
oaivo tlr.';0ly rictirso o* a^f^-es-i^^ntfi .^r.'. du»J»t, '■.iv^sn in >'uoh ;5V«ft 
tiit; ir.i-'ur«Ji if fn^ltl??a tc a r^aacri ibl*:? time ^.'if^gr th« receijt 
ef such notice, if any, c* a39a;s«5i««nt« or Ju<j*?, «?ithir which to 
j?iiy ih'ft saBiO tir.u payment or tondisr c?" ''■lioh payaant, if tii«r» i« 
aucii, witiiin « r«*i«cn?i'6ltJ time aftar rtjcsipt of ruah noUlae, if 
any, is in sipt tirue ana valia <knX ?fuf T jcisiit to fcsex in fcrcss 
tiis ir.auranc« i?i ;iWS9ti en." 

"Ton ar« irjBtructtsi th.>at i*' «t th<% time cT the nll^giad 
l^ffic or forfeiture of ths pclioy in '::,ue©tion tfce <i«fi«!r!;if:ml oca- 
pany h«i in itf« bsiiriUe any furida cf th*i irsursd, net r«iit<;jrv« 
furvia, cr ^^as iniftbtsi tr thn irnj.^rcJd in any n\m apart frvrt-. Xho 
rsj«erv'4 fur.d, i^ th^jre wit:? any, it ccwl-i not la^fv.lly rcrfeit 
the jcHcy of infiur^fnoe A'lthcut ''imt applyini; msch i'UBas, if 
tiVirfj if'ijrM "T'v, <r r.'.r»yn, 1* th'?re were finy^ in p*>.yRiort cf th« 
fremiuiftR, iif any wera due»" 

Th-5 d^fofi'iart, e.y ii.> ocu/iS'sl, ctjea^^*^i t.c t}*-*, giving, cf 

tlje«c) liiiii ®®nticn«S'.l irstructtienR on th^ grouni t,hat th«*ro ^fs&n no 



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MP. JU.^TICF- ani PLFY DT*UV«-HrD inV OFXKIOK OF TKr COUPT. 

It i-s ooRtspfKiflU by (fjeurr^al for defendifmt Hot th»ra 
ahoulU be nc ryocvery ir. ihii? tta«>-«, bf^omiuHs^ tJ;.^ jroll<jy wa^^^ r-ropisr- 
ly forf«;it«d. by tli<a dsfenvkint for th-:* re?i<^cir> that, the pyerrduci of 
flC.68, dv<2 en or fctjfor« U^y 30, 190*^, -wrt^ s-K>t paia whssn Juo, .jind 
tJ;at U-.(3 trial octirt <r.rr*ja Sn not ;?,r.2r;tinj| d<i,f sanidafil '<? jaotiorja for 
a viiractocJ vfixdict Ir? it>^ ?i)i»or. 1« ii^ arguigd that wnd^^'r nc ocyrit 
of the 4?HClfiTttticn af* finally amended, aj.d th?? evict<?no« ii>l3rc'Uu«ea, 
4ld plsintiffi? sS)S.k9 out ^uch -?, oaetg b^'. shc^a that <iaf€Ddant «&?3 
lici jufitii'Jeci in dsgolarinf n fr rfeHi. /.-€ «..•'* i,La pt4ioy. 

By the ir!':?tnse5.©r>t Ir^ trritin^ cT April 3C, X'"ri>, tiio a<3~ 
fey?*i*;irt ir. affeot a-^.ra^J'i, «.:rt«vr !*«iijr K^rn hnd made /',, prefAiuBi pay- 
»«rtt tc acf^m^Jant en pel icy Ko, 13 551, find tl-6 payment ha*i been 
aoJftJORltaUgOit by s rt^ceirt cf dsfsTi-lartl. ^-^ g-sir^^rs.l v.tktukg&r (hctii of 
wiiioi. ccrsditicnB vi^tb oct«r'ii«'-i ''ith), t'^-' f-.*y th'.* «mouiit which 
flslglit be piiyabl^ at tiiv dfjath tif V^l&t 'A:)xn, un^-we (xnd by virtuo 
of »?aia pclioy, ^ult}J«ct to it'^j i^gins*? ^tn-i ooruiiticnff. Thts "asiOtriUiaa*' 
count ohargea In fjubatince timt ?«t«r Kerr in hi-r lif-;? tifi© liau 
perfcrmed nlJ ths aor:ait.U'n« tc- b'S iy hirr. •p^rfcvrts-ail, irialuair.j^ tiia 
paymort cf hII pr-BiriJijm® ".jowiTt to urt-l ircluiing June l^', I'^Oo, " vind 
thi'it en th'it 'iay <i3©<3t«d to 3!iirr«ni«r th« ?clioy ?*r.d r^joelv.? thtgre- 
fcr c^rtiilri e^xtferaed in«urnriC« Cor ?« c^rt/Un perlcd, auring nhioh 
rericKi h-:: aimi, f^r.d tli?^,t plaintiffs, a?* bani^f iol.iriwu, ninca hie 
aoftth havs if'^rfcrBiad -ill thw aorif^iiti-snn \.c b« by tliers perfcrinaa, 
etc. Ti.?t court in>itruct«!jl the jury '».hat plaintiff© could riOt r«- 
eovftr wpor> any theory of ©jctend^a in**>..jrAna». In tfea "aaurticnai" 
cc\mt, ap Tin^illy vke.\^ri(Xf^d, n'\i:i in»tntir!'-"ii in vfritir^ji of April 20, 
ICiOt-, *a.w «^t out in Tull an s i^ wat: all#g«5d that thara had be«n a 






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mi\Mi therac-n to detanilistnt, ©to. It ??fi.«- -'t.-rthor al). agea thrtt 
Foley Kerr* h-<^'i t-.»i.i jsll pr«mirij^« c-n <'«:ii,i fcliay, ?ICr. 13551, en cr 
boftr* Silie ^iJOth auy of e'*(jh pjonth^ \:r>tll imi irclualr^, Juna I?, 
1906, "exoept fcf t;'iK- jsor-vU of May, I?c G"; that tha paymerti fcr 
tii«t mouttti wfif" delayed ^t f«« aayg ^osi^lni; t( conru!:*lcn arji acui>t 
a« 1.0 liiii p4r>scr'. to vthvm, m,d tl.« plsioe '«^hera, 'TuaUi pTmsii'um phcula 
b« paia, rft6iilvl??g frTn. an sttempt on iha yart of tb'j defendtu'it 
octtp&ny to r«-iio«'ur« Raid Pster Kftrn Its ar^ciher eoHsj.a/jy, and alsc 
cwing tc oonf liv-jting rsotiCBSi r'Sj^uriini^; the pfeyraeivfc of Mi«L j rsriiuma*; 
th'it said pres^ltflKi >-a«» te!naer«;i defendarit on May 3Ctli and ag?»ln on 
June 4thi Mid th&l ^jHbmjgJi dsfer-^ant wat? in chJty iKiftmd to aooept 
eai^j ;.r«eiii»sa shar. pre«ant44 y!j>t vJsfert.-iant r^fu^swd. It w^rs .r\^rther 
ftllaga'i th.^t OR JwR« 19, V-^f^e, «f.via May pr*J»r.i\)iR wa^ a-^ain l^hiUtad, 
anj »aa ar altdrnatlvs" tiis Ir.a'.rrsd cfi'"sred tc >'urr«ndSif ©aiu j.o3- 
l«y Ccr the puiircf-^c of l<?tvly5g ii»i>UfS.t tc him "extdnuea ij>?f.»jrariOO, • 
etc., but th^rtt bcth off^i-rt cr t«.'ilf!tr<« ftsr-? re>?'>i8©a Uy aaf an tart 
fcr U.v:j reason, as ,'»tat'^i by •.ItrfsnJ^nt, th'it ^aid In^^uraKC© "hnA 
'uecjn rcr^eUeii by nc?^-r^y*^i^t ^'-^ staid pir^jsi^iK prfJinptly oii May X> 
I'^OC; th'gt r«t«r KfiTTs died cr October ^iB, 3 90-?, tr :- th.it j>Ii.an- 
tiffs, afe t?en-«f ioiferi««, !9tr.o«. bia •le.'ith hftva j-erfftr&ed all il).^ 
i^Cfv^U icnr* iC' te by th'Mi pi^rforKed, tttc. It tht^«j apv^ara that 
tJaifs "aUai licfoil" -sftupt ap amana^'i !«, fo to spefUc, ^^ doubia ccunt. 
Plairitiffs seek a roccvary uport th(j theory (1) tma ^iicrtly a.ft«r 
May SCth tii© inj^ure'i taruiarsa the May j rdmiiits, an-J tii%t imti^r tiia 
air^JuiMPt.isrceo alleged th default in not i-nklng ^ayMsent of r?aia 
rreftiuiB or or 'oe^cr* l-'ay ;•:. t): ■n<^^^^ r^xvo.w «..]«, ?!tr.'..i aefariiant *a« es- 
tcpftfU tc 4«Gl^re ai fcrfeitur^, «nJ wpcn th«? ths^fcry (2) of extorUoJ 
Ir.Burar.oe. W« think that th«s ocunt as atseriei states a sccu 
oaurte of fioticr. Ufc^ th« theory rirspt aor:t icneiJ. The aefynaant 
did not. (iatsur to it, but filea ?» plfta of tiic s«r.«ral iasua. Anl 
wi« tiUnV: th>;it, under tho 'svii&noe intreiiu-^sa In eupport of eaiU 
count, the trUl court w^» f'jlly warrantfla in r«sfi«i*^g tc .iir«ct 



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a verdict in f-Avor of d»f«rid?jnt, Ind v^ oanrK>t *^ay vh.'«t tbi:; v«r- 
dioi 0^ ll.fis jury ir f-vf-r cf r'^aintlffn i«? a^ftln??^ the wtUght of 
tt\<3 <j¥lderoa. 

^h9r« yfun evlii©n<)« tftn-ilng to eiho?.' Um% in spril ami 
Ma?/, 10'':*', Jchfi f. Karn t?**' acting ?xn t);a y^sar-t ci* TN^isir Kern in 
attanuiwg t,o saltern ri'r^'-'^lf'A'iS ^^"^ ^^-'-^ lan«JrH* lit'.') inft\.;rar:o«» 
policiift, tiG-i ic UV3 paym^^snt of t;h«i^ pr«mlwfia ott t^ne pciicy in 
queatlon; thAt isy rertiso.n cT oorifll^ting not i««v» r'Stt©iv*ci d\*flrig 
B&id pjCr'tUs Jofan P. K*?rH b<50?Ms<s ccrtfusjsd and T-ae V'^'^c^rtutfi v*h«fi 
».na to whow hs shoulJ; pay i%al*i May ':M:}th, prfjffiliani th.«^t %h& nanding 
of a timely riotioe hiid pr«vio\J9ly M'sn prcmir'«4i th^t ^ald John 
P. Karn did net fir-^vlly rec-i^iv^ a d^jfirlfco notice a>s to w,ho«; hM 
BhouUI f.-iy ^aid pret&iWfl until May 30, l^:^C6i **nd ihat lipon arecQiv- 
Ing a-iia rictioe h« i^rojaptly o^sivt a oi?»c:k to iief^scjaar.t for the 
proper aiftcunt, whieh th»»! isf^sndant rsru'-;??.:; to t'^cf^iiva f*cl«3ly cj* 
th*> grcuna tht^t S'aia aKeunt hai riCi» t'5*:>n ?•!»«© iv*?.i by it on cr oa- 
fcrs) May SOth. Tho la^^ iioc»s» twi fnvrr forf'&it'.i.ra'?.. And wtn think 
that under the g Irouai fit fine ^^<? ths iefv'irrUint fms^ ret ju«?ti.fieJ Irs 
iJaolaring a ferf«ltuf« fcr tL"- Cftilurffl c^ tis ln«ur«34 %o r»*y ^<^- 
UafisrKiant the ??ftid pr>s»iiuR on or oaf era liny SO, 1906. ( I?muraro^ 
C c. V. Ka^l«»t.tr ., V^i 11, T:, 572.) P*urth»rK*ojr«s, by Vuxi third islaunQ 
cC titi* t-olioy, Sot 13.%X, *hiyh ijcllay vief ^nvuir.t a*!3UJ:«>i by r.&i4 
iiitr=truai€;nl in writing <^^ April r>C, l,v;Oi>, it ^a^t fi"-''-^-'^'*'^ ^^^^•^^' *'*^'^ 
Mutxjcil Lif« C oapaf;^ ^ in oafis pcil.iy Jfo. iU.73ii!. h?ix{ S>at5ft <3f>r»t iiiuouss* 
ly in forca ir:i lis I, 0. 0, F, rpciijty fcr om^s y»ar, asree'i to pay 
th<s insured l/li;-th cf tKtjf f irnt annual pr^jmiuifi ral'-i by th® iriwured 
to s?.yi4 £Og£ajRX' *i^^'« 'svld^n^je '.Hflclonea th?*.t ^hhi pcHcy, So. 
31732, w;-i? contiRucualy in rcro© in th'* I. n. o, v. fec^iaty for 
were than ons» y«ar b^fora ;j!iiu ^icmi'^n y itt!n:«a fiai<i r"li^'y» ^*<>* 
13551, i.u.a it iioa«» rot app^j^r frc#r. tij« «vl;l0r<'7« thu< «aja goia^: any , 
cr tLo ei*ifer-.ian1», ®v«r pal4 or ere^tit^d to T'^tor Knxri v.?«i s l/l;ith 
or es'aid first annual f?r««tii^«s. Or-, th^ contrary the tivi-idr.oe tsndi? 



tc «he-f; it-.?),t -%i ih'? tiff:? thfl <i>5r';ndant ojlai?'.*^^! thn tight to f erf sit 
tlie pclloy, for failure cf thr? Iftfitrsvl tc p'jy Ih^i j: roils i iit^. c/f tlC-,68, 
prcsaptly on ss-^y 20, lvC€, the icfiiiritiant eilurT hixd, cr shcvild hava 
hatd, mc-n^vi's iy; it/? j;'C5ii;8i»(iior iu^ the IrRured in the amount of 
oalu pres-iiuiB, Uni-^r sUsih o irou.-Si'^tariO^ft th'«e« funde -jhciiulU have feisen 

C^splalnt is mai.^ to tha *lvinf: oiT tho?^'?! f.>€.rticnis* cf 
ilia court. •.-■ cr?al 4;h-:Argo t<> ihe jt;,ry '!<> siro abovs s-at c^t ir. tht 

bttftia iii thej 0vlii<3r!O'» for ^hoe^ iR^^trucjt.ic.'ni-?., th!',^ Uie jury w^sra 
»Cti isialea tLarecy afvi th.>,it, under ihti cjvivlefiOa, tii'jf j^.ivij'jjS cf 
Ihs lnalruotiion« aia not prajuUio^s tUs a«f*nd«R't.. 

It iy^ «l»o *:50?tter;<;3ed li'vi t-h® aourt exti^d in rtlle.sing. 
John ?. K(ir}:. to teRtify tc tiiU effect Ih-A he «a!r< tii*j a.:j«nt cf 
Fetor K«rn >3urlng %h& month** cf AfrU and Mny, l'")06, in Icckiug 
aftrtr the liitisr**'- ir.f?iir«ir.e«i !?.JMlar^ .^n" Ihs paywer't cf th?* ftrera- 
iuma to .JefiJfi.ugtRt rn tins policy in 'ruef>tior. ^r- iU) not tiii^k that 
4h<i court «rr;sa in tLl^i j- articulnr. Jctif. P, K^rri, in our cy ir.ion, 
w»;- u o€ap)p<it#nt witnea^ tc prove that ag^sncy. (C^uwjin, v» ¥'^ , ^k ' 
17 111. ii^C, 3?i6; I Ak. ^ Fiig. Knoly. l*&v - r.nd Ed.- 9oS; Currig 
*• Cyf.aiogt*!. 104 111. Ayr-' lOb, lo^.) 

Tha jiid^fts^nt cf ths Kxir;loipal f^ourt if^? afrin^'^d. 



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C^taalcy Kara»ki9«ioa, J^sfemiant, tc reoev^Jt t.h« -^uk of fe5C. Tne 
Cieero t?t3^« Bank «a? ?ierv«U n« garniebee. Th# cSatsRifi.nt v^a-^^ <.vi-ly 
eetvjd but diu net csert^^et il.s irdsdtearje^a cr rlairtifr»n ri^ut 
tc ^r. attachment. Thft ^arrish^c ^nrm^rsa th^t en M*iju«t }C, 1^11, 

f6r 1650 :ir-,i rs<iViO«t5'.i vl.e hVi-v to cravat tlie ■iet'jnaatii , K;iran- 
ki^;^ica, *iU. U?> aacuPt o^ the ohoci' t^c thst d^^f^^rsiant laiaLt- ^iru« 
against ^»iU cum; tb-H (.h-ir«urcr< aefsn^^ara if«^ 1^.^ cl.^^cl^ ufcn the 
um^t for «al-j a«8, v,Moh oh«<*cK *ai* dfttel Au*ii??l 1- , I'^ll # ^i-'- "*«'• 
P?syf.blo to tbe craer cf -^ttc ^. H-jHaT, sgcrst^sry; t),-it, iLc r:;;Ui.-©t^ 
flaii ch-^ck, 5*1 il<a r?»^iU««w of Kara«!kiflsrio3, v^^^ ^^rtl?<^-:i by tLe 
Bank an: ieUv«rsJ to KaraBklei»i<sx; ^-^'>t< th- ohr?aV i;a<H not boon 
f^aia t?y th« BanM *i-at t;-^ f^3»!\e ■^a- not vt^.n^^^^^^- 'ft payment wtll 
P«spt8ffiber 5; 1^11, at ^lAoL tlfe« it w^« pf«!5ent«4 by ^rar^k G. Haji- 
i caV, bur!i;er; that ^liisn pr«Re»t<>4 It wast^sndrrf)«d ^y y'-^^i K^li^^r, 

I : ^ the payea cf the oheck, bv;t oray by X^ranfeSswlos ir.i oti*ar«; nna 
\ ■"■ tbnt thct BanV, Tallinn tc cfctalR r^^V^r andorsamant, r-ifwAeU tc 
K^? pay ti.e c^^'^ok. Or noiob^^r 30, l^H, tU« ocurt craeroJ th^^t /icticc, 
t m acoor^ianoc ^itl; th-, atatuto, ba serv^i ur-on ^^*i« H.jl''-'f» ^-^K^rcn^irj 

^,^ of tL^ soacol .anriot, nrJ upon .^la Ks:!lcel., to uj- «ar i.T,i r.-Ur.. 
O f tain ihoir rlaLtvf, If ^iny, ir t;?« funda att-v^ned. 

^ Or Nev-iiBcer 10, K!l , Hajicek ?Uod his. voriri-J intor^ _ 



,r yT'Aulf^ 









• . .' ' ^v^y .•' .^;, f- ;--; .l-- 3\(i} r-VVT!!!»« 

' •. • t> ;T , ♦-vv'"ul:?S.' Tj-: ;1-\ -i'J 

'::...• v--.^:' i'X:>':- ',?'■"■ ^:-, !Xf(;;fj 

■ *■■■• ■•.■-■.' ;> !' ;>/n(^•■: ^.1; v^ (.■J;b4 



• :■'•, ■ --K 



ife« Bi&sler (u-«f*j/:Jant) ,.n.i by cne Jchf K::t,nRar ana cn«(? rt;;.ini?»y !?. 

r^ti^tis B'^ifis , but t ay»ef'.t wsp; rs'tsaQd by rs-^ssofs f.'f tiiy .'/itl-achmeRt of 
lh€f ?unJ 36.'^ignnui iK arri by s^aj 1 oh".?cV.; ih'-l tiv? cli<?ok i'^ this 
prc;.art,y cT r.dlltlon^r '?*;;. ha*;; rot bfK^n p'iia; that. Ui^ C6srtiric&~ 
tlcn cor«tit.uto4 ?.n iitssi^Ttip-sri of 1)^^^ fund for the S^erisfiU tf the 
fecldcji* <;f the. :;rie<5k, and tl:..'>t pftil fund 1*^ nc-t liafel* te «tlach- 
»«)n, ThvJ r^-uyer of the |:«liHioR i¥a«^ if^.rt t.<-'i Ci.rcsyc B^u'^k ot: cr- 
a^iJrcu tc f-ay said jjvk of $650 \o ••aiiV loner, cr, i*^ ?a:.o tati^rna- 

releas'.fta frcfR the etff80^ ih?srecf. Ottc «•, KeH^r ijl-TC ^rleyea 

raaas by bte fcr ^lortdijfj «ork \>c bo let, by ih^ boAfvi <if euueaticn 

»loa, u; arr:icrs-0u ty hin ( H--? 1 "' ^n^ ) ; •iiva %i.3.x rsititih-.-.r i.^j i^cr ti.t board 
of eaucatlon ha.J :4J^y intarost, in ih'i chacR. 

On KcvcjBsb'^r n? , I'll, Us r^-"=ir>l Iff , Ka-n-^fski, rijs.i 
tig verKlffd ?«ne-«or %c %h^. jsliilon of Hajicok, if '^stU-h ha alla^- 

llvero'i IQ Heller a*? a 'lop'Ov.if. upon a toi.i r«.-f t5«rt?Hir^ uft>?>tre*.ct 
work, ii-iit. ll.a tL'i oc-Rirnot ««>: net aWv^rci^d to KJsr«'^V:ieT^i03; tiat 
tliQ -;.'5ck raiK^iineii in t.h« po«s»t!)as«icr. of ««ii't Keller uriil .^Tv^r 
tLe ^rii c-r sllacl^Mia'Ssnt wa*? trcrvvui uron ILe Cicero BanJ'- , -'/iipsn ?^-ii-i 
cl.<K:V V'l^ aurr«rs-'Ierad by Kcllfljr tc V3ra<?kia?f lea; -vi i th'-t by vir- 
%\m cf th^ service of j»aid 7?rit ufc-r th--;- Bank t-lnir-tiff ucquirevi a 
li«n ur.T/fi (t'aic nwi «r *6SC. iepc&fiV^sd ir f>aii B-sn""-, i'tn'.l wa." an^<.ii.ls*d 
to juugsjQnt, 






O'ciocs lo 



V--1 






i i 






iii 



OXbrjlj 



C-""^ 'Irt ivu.f .,;;•; a.i.iM n^ll 



«..^- 



Thr:j oiiV"^ oruss on fcr "..rial a T-jcru^ry -3, 3vU3, uni^ 

plsin^i^f and defor.dsnt, %h^ ocurt -{ireel'^l th>? jury to retunr; a 
varaiot in I-jmct of plnlntiff ^.n-i niyiitir.i visf •:iT^ mat for fS&C-, wl.icU 
ihcy aid. Ihr- i?s4^n'et %p tc- %h^. K^jmiolfesnt '^■■ire viul;mittort. to iba 
cciirt wlti.cul a jury, ^-i^d the oourt found t.!.;^ eais^j ?ig®iftftt t,hi3 ir;- 

February *^6, 1313, ^uig&i^rit on ti'c verdicit we* vjfsi*r«-''} li^iaiimt the 
dftf <?f.aMi.t , Karaek'is*il02, for fGaC uK'i ju-'^'^a-in*. on t?=.^. f .Inaln^i wa^ 
al«c srAer<?.j, the cciirt f^sdju-Jj^i?^/!: t-h-vt K-irap^klearic*, fcjr thr? ut=<8 
of Ks8p«rK>;l, rsc'.ver frcre thti i~le«irc Ht^tfi B^irsk f630, whiui^ -^hnn' 
cclleslc^d s<liOiilsi ba applied to ^Jm? eatisfaatlcsr* of the juig^ert 

afcowt *bO bid on a -t^c ivt r.«iO t to fce a'«^';rd5^i tjy th* bCiir<i cf e-ai;c.f!t,icK 
of ^iai.i sciiocl clirtrict, anu net i'jnvifts, lii-'.! sscR-.y tc ci;-;kft thsj re* 
-iUired dspojjit cf iO per ctS'^l. cf i,/>e rt-^'^cw^t cf hi^ hid, r^s(;,uast.©d 
plaintif.f io lonn l«lm ti.o n.^ces'Sfsry f650. Plaii,s%Sff r.rsyrsed tc 
loan hlsi fch«' i-^^onoy for th*? pu,rrn!*s« nenr^ion^^^l, feJii 565?' wa^ «.2«pt-j?it- 
e4 in the Oi'^-src- E^ank in d^^sfanJant '»■< n«a«. The ■.r<©fer's-iani, then 
dre?? l*;© oli^ok ir H'-'^'^'^t-i-"* A'd%<^n '^ngx^rX 'i-'', l*"!!, for ?6!y, pay- 
abis "ic tLe cvdi^r of Ct^o ?, H*-;l.!.f>r, "ao'y ryiiocl Diet. Kc. O^i," 
find r^^i^ffitea thf? B>jrjk to '..eriify Vhq '■'^nme. Thl.-s th?'. BanJr -.Ud fcir^ 
retrurr.ett the oLecV «,g j^feniant, '*'J*.'r. tii-f*; dslives'od \,M ohaok %0 
Heller for ll;e {-urrc?!© racritiojnaa. '^hsn aa.f-?KcU^n'» !m& notififl 

to hiffi, 4'jr«ir.iit3in'. ea» K^ifnor nnd a^mand^d Vuq rstu-r-f" of '»ni.\ chaok, 
ar.1 Heller, ybcvt IC c*clook on thf? •st^rtng C «ugii3t ?>t., 3'"11, 

Hollar's c>t4@t aacciapanyir.fi tho bid, to sra<-r-?'^ i..'=$- oh'icfe, h* tea- 
tifie.J he «i4 not emtcreis th# oheov Ir q^3a^n»,c.n, but, rt5l-urTiwi the 












.'I '..~-\ --i ;..> .wi. : -'"jri^j;. 

, / ;■' '■: • ' ■■ ■■ ■•;, i > ■ *" '/icitr 

■ ■ :\ ■. ' -'^vi, ^iflici QvT 



divi net ^i-atr*3^ t;,« aLeok s»a9 b<;oau4e hfir J;ne'?< ih::.t thi? ffiOL^sy r'^i-re- 
»entca by tBa ch-?<r}< had b*on Icaiifld by plr'iis^if* it ^(«f ^»raainl, anu 
beoaue.Ti defendant had »i>ia«s ihr-saia th't ho ■iva.it net ^oiag to feuva 
the Kon^y taeJc to j-.l^^.irt if ", In tLa ^.6r'.;;ti?Mj pl-jirt iff Lwi cctt- 
is«Rosd %],in I'ldt. Th?3 attacLjiixtfii. •','rU ■•w;3t' -serv^ici en the Cioerc 
Bank, as j^ysrfiltsl.oe, about 4 o*oloait tr\ V.v.i ^fl^3^m>on f «" ?'riaay, 
August i?5th, i^fcre i«f<i»'v..t^Fl haJ r^i^csivsi ths ofc«ok bacJ. from 
Keller. On ths of i<i,rRO<?r, ct iLc fv1lc'*^ir^^ 'Jay, Aurj/u/it I>Cvh, the 
aofeiiaant, Ktinit^-tl^wlcf;, ir. oc-?<ifany wU-h Stanley F. r;*=ciiv.],t;i;^ called 
en jQhxi Kt.'&Xniir, a ^alocnl'viiir er, ^Ti^ re'M;e«t.**d him to c/ir.h ttw 
chrtv-jJ.:. Kaetrior rafiii3f?« tc 4c ©c, but v^orA tc :?»'*l«3r!y '«« byn^ wiiih 
defendant for tL« r^^-rp«-G of thsra f/^atting ti-i^ cU^^ck oaehea, ch'}- 
teridar.i and Kastmn* ar-d oeliii?it,;5 hrivir;;- !ffritt«n ihair r.tit.^i:* on %h^ 
bncik cf the ch^ok. ^olgjjfjny's bank, ht^'^csYsr, refus'^;! tc O-n^ii thir 
ch«c')-, fir I !C4(--tr:er reti.;rr;i5d Ihe ol.'^c?. to aef fjr.'iant. t-jit-.'^r in tlifj 
3ft<^.rm;c-.n of tXiC »<*»f-<5 uay th-; i^f^n<i^.r% , it ooRpany -A'itt. T-chulta, 
callci at HaJlQefe'i- b&nk, sa?? tt.o cfi«l^ii*)r, Jl. ^. Ha;Sicak, ai; ^ r«- 
queetisu cf hi» Ih^il ?eild ban^i Cfi^'b the cJisck, v?hlcli. »a*^ ,;icr.e >.*;<.■- 
d«fenuii.r.l rec«iv'5'i ^S&r^ ir vmrr^^rtcy, At tfei- tlr-.^ Ha;^l':t©.k ';; bi^jk 
hai no nciioft of the r-s'svlous f5>rvios cf il.-^ attacsliJKent >*rit or. 
tb« Cio^rt' Bank. P. f, Hajicelf t©$tifl->;;' tJiit bft!^OTK,? tli-!? ch/jck 
wae cr..«iii!».:i .tef«Edla,r!t -r^.howfd hLrs ih-s tks -sfhlah ha:i foa^?; returned 
rith lU- ohaok; th it h*; wnr? nt-t );r";vio^^«'3y a-^iU'ii.nt?-.: stUh dcrfcnd- 
«^T5t but Vr Srw 'fohultg arcj Kaf-tner^ that In e-'sahlisg J.ho sl-ettk ha t^s- 
liai en the enacrfeaer.tfi c'' TcJEiulta ruvJ Ka^tr.'sr; ti"iat he dia not 
liniui.re' why the «rislo?rsi<?r^er:,t cf the 'pst.'jtt*?. wa-'f- not er. ths -oMck; ii\at 
the ohack was nnni tc the ole&rlr.g lu>uais- en iecniay, .^ugufft r^Sth, 
and «?a.-;- r9tun:-e»i unpaid; ana that %h:> wawse i* trira prcfsrty cf hit? 



: lit cf . 



x\ 



; . ' . . • . - .; .1 ;-■":; ■ ' '-. ■■\ :^':Mi^ 

■ it • ' . ^'»-tI V ;'C.iO t>vfj 
■ ,^., ^ •';„,■ •^'•;:;. ;,/'-^ / c, VpM 

'J ■> .;>r- •>•■■■! > •;■,;/ •■!;:> i »t .( 



*&» 



trli?,l courS, «irfod ir> (jnt'^rin'^ jua.g»Qnt In r«yop cf plaintiff tisa 
ttSalfy^>t s,ii<; sar?;if'ii';^5?, Ci<;?-re t'tai*? B^nk, nrvi in no% .Xii^ohnrt^^irig 
th<ft |-,v'rr'i«tlife(j:, fuui cour>»el o&f;1.'irr:i (1) ih-l the? f3>;.«rt tfic;'jVk-n Of 

jft«srA , v-'hicih fur.a f^liOtilJ .L:vv*s b?t*^n ij^V.i I'cf tli® bdnotii of Hsjio^ik;, 

have bcsn s;«a€i tho .^■"^risi^i-.ef?] sr.u (3) lh-:it th««>r4s wa>^. ar. (friui^abl© 
been ©nfcrced, 

feary, tHo., the Citrsro Bank, :}.ti \.L- r^^'iueat cf Kajfac'l<i#wic;i, c-.jr»* 
tirif-ta tl>«? ci.aek> una fch^* eam« ^a^' r®fc5.;rne'i %t Kafaf^klt^ic*. Thy 
i6«r© drawing and osrt if iosticT; o? 5;hci oh^ol? viia noi fra^fftV**^ titla 
to lh-» fun<i froa Ifaraekiewloa tc tr;e r^^yse, K-5.l1esr. r!«,eifing lora 
ws.<? rieoeweaxy, vi«; deliv^iry o^ the ar;«ok to ^h« y.ay«e. {"M^r^^fi ct, 
Bm,k^. anti Eankirr-r, 3ri F.d,, aa--;. 415; JJ«)5€iiniil© Irstrw.cy-t Aoi rf 
1907, J5ec. 1{>, Kurd'? rt^at. 10J3, chri|>. CS, «i9CJ. 34; ^^;ch^»f v. 
Oalt. 31. Ill, Jipi:, s;;jj, Sij7; QiU^cn V. ^^t lor;;^. fafk huti^ » ?a K. T. 
87.) ^h-t.-n ths- ch-?'3?' isav^ ■d.5liver«d tc- H?*lAs";r it W'-v'- fc.?;ly -if? 1 i. v s r- 
«•< con.ilticr.any. I^ wa?' \h^. ur.a^rei«n>JiRft th'si ir KaraBkiewicz 

KOiiccI :il«?.tylet, cs-f 'sfMaJr^ '^.shtd. H«n??r *?»?? ilii'5 >?«ori?l :\Fy, ii?l I tir 
wa« ;,c return ihe cljsov tc Kim. .*.nd, ?»f t -r it. <sti« •:i'scid0<'i by U,9 
Ijy ti"u! ooard that vh» err tract t-^hfjv;;!-: «ct. ti';.; a?»a,r><3'i %c Karaakie^ 
'-^ytCK, Heller r^'vurn-'^d thsj cb«c5t te hi/S. HoV?cr, th»i payae, uia 
not ui;5ir, cl^le any titl^j &c th-? ohooJc cr to tij« fimd. "J^fe^tsvor 
titifci Hal\@r |r<3vi- u»ly i*«v.l tii^^r. f5i«tf«a frtjjn hits Ua^ik i-o K-tmakie- 
ffllcs, ar.'i i.ii'® l.*il!.ar rs<? the own^r '.'f tiie fund^ ?vr.-;!^ in our cr..lnlc*>, 



)■■■ - ■ ■--.-■ . M'l J 
,.« A.': >-■ ;:. ^U 



.JX wei ;43id'S,o. 



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M I 



\ ';i :■'' ■ • ''■■ '.•:■ ! , ■:.i^b yXtB'^- 

.. . .'.'.ii -" •■' ■ • "T^ .'it tit v^X-'iii 
«: ,. J" : ; j-v:'.' ;■ J 4 ;■■■ ' M ■: •*..;: ft<;v 

:;', ■-■':'■ ^v -r^fj vrti^ bI:.!; :'.c'S.i inn 



Xhti Tuny ?«!/• liii'^V? ir nt^. u'jlu'tjj^i n% tho -ruit cf 4 GrSv^itcr ci* 

Karaaki©%ica, (Ucfj-:^ en B;!ir-' a an.; r£n(<lng, sao, 415; CitHoa y. 

if- ouyt^ir;ojr ti;e »i?scuftt cf th- ohook. Ha,1 inav, .,>iu not, t' erefcjr be- 
00156 a hcl.i'?r ir. -iU'-j courr.-*?. TLa pay-ss* cf the cbeck hau net sr.* 
iiorssi it. Ar-.i bo^K'iii*© tf t?ilf5 th'* 'Tloarf; B^ir^- wa?^ net 1.ijg.>.11y 

340.) It "i;^'xritz ^"h'-'l i>:o i'un-i .^a/» ntla-^hrja by rl/a-.tiff b^;« 
fore H-4Jicak o-^»»l:i»^:J li^ cfe^ck, nr'i th^t in <Sft«hing th« ^im^ Kaji- 
CfJk ]*elle.l or. %^\'s ■^r ;icre6ts'5nte c^ F^j^tror arid fahuHs, ms 'Jc r!ct 
think tb-st Hajioek*^ ft^tUty, ir «,ry h"? h^t>, i« fruff erlcr l,r ir.at 
cf pl-iiiitif''. «na vfe -lo net thir.V it -^^i'^ .?ioo«*»'^'iry ih 't Ui^ 
gaynitti.e?* ipusiisscrs* whcisLj h>ixQ M'^i-* f«Grv*Mi on H^ll©r, TKo fund 
wa» ir- the i:ark, anl Hall.er ^slaiiseJ px- lixl^ %b^.r*flo. 




bi>7 - i Si; 7)3 

/ 
of th<3 a*?} tat© of VOJTItCK TAVID, b" 

/ ) App-spj) f ror 
v©«, / ) Circuit Cowt, 

/ ) Cock Coxanty. 

CHICAGO A?IE AiTOj? PJIT.^OAD / ) 

\ AppsM&tU ) 

\ / 

\ / 

U\\, JU^TICiE GRir^lO DILIViB^D TBI: ^?mon OF TBS COURT. 

Tblffl Is fi.n aps-:4s.I frots; & jut'gR.ant for fSOOO I'snA^rsd 
by lh'3 Circuit Court of Co-jk County, March \, ISi;-^, in fsvar of 
F*i.ulir.« Poia.if, saffiiniKitrstrlx, ^^to,, pl^if.tltt, »m tgainst the 
ChicA.TD ,-inc: Altiii* Baiiro'ici CoffrKiny, a.^f«tl:^ant, in an action to 
raooviir (ia^»&gii» fo;r the eild§t«a sroagfwl killing of Vcgt«»ck tsvia 
/,jm_^SUBciay aflsfrnooii, Octot«r J/7_^ ,1907, about 2 «j*viiock. Tb«i ac- 
/ ci^^RV occv^rr-ad on Kiadxi« avaftue in tha city of ChiG.'.i$>c, wU»rs» 

iirt triiOftS; uf th« oiaif 3».i5iiit''ii tj^^i.} ros-l crowe^d tha atrsat s>t f;raeU* 
..Qd iftpi-roxifisavttily &t right ungltaj^ K^dxi:^ avanua '*^;« a siorth ;:<TKi 
oouth Ktrsst HiS'S the tr^'-cKe Ti^r\ ir; an, aastsriy B.nd wset^rl> dirt^jctioa 
i Co8w»eriCiii(: gtt the fc.cx:th Ihsj fir«t tfo trscke ■stirs ®«ltch tracks, tha 
\^ nsxt waa e, a.aln tr<*ck uctsd. by trainw s..rf; roschinf; KadsiiSJ avariua frC8< 
Ibe wcjet, thtj fs>urth *r& a w:GiR tracic ueaiS Vy tr&iiis approaohin^g 
froff. thi aast, and tb« filth wse a. "l^ad* tt^ck, Th:*r« -s^irsj tL^j 
usu^.i air-valva ^-at'dsa ;acate»3 on bcth ®id$«r. of tl*s ;:ro88ing. The, 
Siatsnca b:*t*«ttn tha ©sjutit gatiBB a.'ncl tha north gi!Jt«(S »&is 'fb cn' BO 
fsist. Both gratsJS i^ara Cj-jsratad 8iaiu2 taneouaiy by a sean in a to^fiir, 
&ituat«jd alout t».c l^undr*»^i faat atiet of Ksdzi-e nv^TiUi* &na on th«j 

V 

eouil. «.iaa i--X dar^ndsnt**^ right of way. thar. tha £al«g v?ere <lo*ri 
t«rp tfrae orosead th«} sntirs street, aKcttiir »r'v crc.6««ciL thts ao.^t 
C'id«waik 'itnct i^noth-sr tL® wdsjt fcidsw^lk. Shortly tjffircj th« accl-* 
■.•milt *! .t'risi£;ht"-tri*in or«»» '^4x@ 4n^:p;4;dd in «» itching t*Epty ccai oar» 
on saitt rrogt Kurtri-^rly track, a.ni tb* train w*e moving b&ak ^ujd 



i - 7ac 



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.■.■_ii. iwy.ii err 

. V v/iuT no 

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^ i n ^Ti jM% :.n.; 



■ ■■-.../ :• ; . ^ a ->'c« .JXEn 
,■■ Tv. / ; ■^.! ,1 St " «;«!; 

v-T.: ; :• ^ ^ t " :■'■■. 'i '^ ■ , ^ t ii- t 



forth «on>a6 Kad^iHt '.tvemsa, klcokino tt>u str^^t. Th.5 locoriCtivci 
of Xhx& tr^iin ^itti i^,aBt of KacUi^ i*v$n'ut3^ «?.'*£■ haadisd laaet im)A was 
coupisfl «»t itif front '^tiC' tn ths tnan. The. •^r.^.in&^sr mtv in tha 
oat; on tha rigfct wiao o£ ti)^ sngirae a-nd had nn ui5ir.tafruj:tiia vi«-«i 
to tna eeuth i'm<1 aast, 

Flalntlf'i' '& dsoiaratit:;r; oonelKtad of tbrea e-mnty. 
Tha firnt count Rliag-sd it (Subf'ti^ncs that tha d.af*?n-"Br.tj, c.y itt 
aervsRte, waa cirivir.,'^, .«•• o.^j*t?tir\ locoffiotive, sncl c;rtain r-'voaanfar 
coach<s6 attached thT^istc, alcnt «Rld rslli'i.i^i »t or a^ar Kd4,^l* 
avsnxifs, acci, <rfhild plaintiff® inttsststis vith eli duo c^ra «a-s. 
rigfctfuilj vv&lkinft; on .S«'.V».l3 a?«KU>!* acroe» «fAid tracka, thiS 'li*- 
.fsR.iarst ao nrtj;. iigtntly manrtss^ ?inci control Taci it« road, gwirdisa 
tiis eroeaingr w.y,jal aanarsd isaici trsla, that %h^ trs-iu atrucX yiain- 
tlff'i5 ifit-3»jil.e.t;j^ anti without f^^iuH on hli jart h« *aa ao «srioua- 
ly iaji^rtSiS thst ir.a li^v": tr.« as-ms dfiy, i3«-vir.g hia. eorvivir;g hii& 
*iac;» ;;,n.i riaxt of kiii, (Uc. Ths gecond count cb-^r:;;ad ria£lijf;5i*c-4 in 
driving a "ioooautjtVrf {>ftgi«s ano trtiin of v".- *£'»cc^r crirs* b<>ck- 
isardtt across Kad-i:* av^nua* and at "euoh i\ hl«h »n.1 d*nj;«rouet rata 
of lafasd" t''-it tha trixir, struck |'.l'iirtt.i ffc* ir3ts*«U: ta, «ho *?3l« than 
and thaie «ith ali due c?a"* rightlulljr vy-^in fe^.ld str^tst f.iiu tracie 
fox ths> }>uriOfc« of Grf;t*ifciii£ tho tracks. Th* tnirc* covijst oh^strgaa 
nsg^iifcsnc* in drivirii: i^ "locoKOtiv.i <jr«gir.e* .?cr .isg <(edai« fevaciua 
iflttout tinging; s. tail or goutidiisg j* ^hitti*, contrciry to t) 9 
etAtVits, *nsJ tlv:. t In ccBae;i[UfeRC3 feRic; locowotiv^ *?truck ^l-.intiJ f •« 
latdBtata, who «aa thei: and fjar^* "witf >*1X ou® care rlj;:htf\iJ ly upon 
«9id «trs»t ^fj'ti tr*.ck4>, Thtsre *«« tic count ohf^rging wiil-ui or 
wactcii nagligsrica. 

It *ti>3 a clsar, tri^T^t day, ravlil Rpjre^ched th* rfeli- 
ro-ii crossing frow tfca south, «»v»iKing on tha a-^ist 8Sid«f''«ik of X<ad«i« 
avtsntxi. Ther* «sr« nc ce'Tt standing- on th4 t*c switch trscka ^aist 
of fC»d3tii<i» &y-jnfe4t, and th;jro <t^ri* afv l^v.i'c'ing^e «ou|b yf «^«iG tracks 
ana Isi&eiiiatdiy ««»t cf k«»ils-i«s fsVi^nviS, >. train appr^nsohing frca 






• -..■■-■ t ' 



;:•■ :: J 5 



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> ' ;:..^ a .1'; 



4 ■?■- V t ' V .1 .; i c■^ ii.iix 4..n.i 



tiiy «S3st on euid fouxth tr^AQk cuuldi b« Wijsa * li*lf t. fiill'? s-ASiy. Tfea 

ttid crvjpssiing, th« couth gatafa B-«r» up or d-^wii, l«.riS. B^ez&k^ » 

ftidnwalk of JCe4<?.ii8 atf.-jhus eouti) of tt-e croualngi that D-avid j-ji-sstd 
ii^r and «t;^rtata t.'? crcee tK?i tr ckw; tfcat fit tinot tixt^i tfis! *outh 
ga-taa isr.^ 0^:1^^ e.rij th&t istsr ehe fei^i'* hi:*. *tr\tck by ih-j train, 
Elx sltfi^es^i^ foj" dai jtiducit tsfc't.if'iad thnt hssr r«putatior. for in^th 
femi Vsiirecit^ ij. th» cottaitinity in *?hic):: «h>3 llvisd a'aa twd. Plair,- 
tiff** ''-ituflJiiS, £'3:73 rd Ksilsr, a fooy ninm ynjgri; of ssgsJ at tbs* tisa 

boy aeuut 65 faat ., nprtih pf tr>« tr-^cK. i^j th^-t bs notics<i Davia croaj * 

tb*t Jia «stj*i e. frnifht ir&ln ytrik^ tjavid. Ji'i-* ^iti-^iisst fci oe~ 
faiidsnt tA«tifiiscJ that fit ti*a ti»* oj tba sccice'rit -^ucJ fo^r *«v%rui 
S'iautda rricr th-.jreto tba p,i.t«fe y^ar-A •;i;-;Tiryi, fsj thicir that it «&8 
tiho«n to^ a <;l«ar pri*i:,<jBdsr5u;«« of thss -aiirio^riCfe tfi';t '^h'tn Davia 
rsjagftsd ti'.» ero0«ii>::g' s.m uriii 'ift^ir tii« SfCciJ-smt occt,rrr-i)d tha j^^itiani 

la JS-AK* nis,3aR3r David fuaw^ci ttst acuth £at«e «.».d con- 
titjuatt tc i»Eiik norti; cm taid «aet Bid«wy.ii;< ii^^'^kinf': s^tnclgbt acwitd 
tii.a riv>t a.t aisy til^^ icoitinj^ t)y«:ard8 th^r sitk-t, K9i»,jt, t.h:j «»ii£.iniss3r 
;jf ta« Itdigfot ttii-lc on <9&id .fifth tracJ«, t^fttlfi^v tr/U t*i firet 
ot-.-arviid Devid wbtii; Lsvi^ --ftA* jx^st icie-iaa tn«s j*cn)th g«it<s«, ^hich 
v.«rts r;;)»/i«, th.^t f'aviu waTK^JtS nr.rthi tJ'^&t ■'^har. fc« rs'icli?»a thrf Jfrssiglit 
ttaiti h3 "butsp^d ir?to" onu of thd c«r«, biid t}:?8« Rto«>^ facing ths 
tTiain In tba spj^e-s e^t^oan tbu train ^tid tt.* nsxt trscV to tha 
soutli, tii-s faurtii tr^-ick, >md R;.tad no effort to ;;;it off tl.s* tracks; 
anu tt.at th^re «ra-e ftothlnf- tc obsttruot hia *!««■ >f ths trairi 'ip- 
praiiching Ks^.ri* av^nva oa e^-ld fourth traciv fros- tSi^a ti/r.e fca i&ft 
th« «outi'>. r-j;i^& untii bts »a« «»trvsck, Ib tfc* «..»!isntip.!a » trfcin oi 
«»flLpt> j.-aj5i5;'*n£-4r aciEiohe>3 »?*»■; aj,} roaohlng; frojc tha «'A€t on this fourtli 






ilYA'jt 



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.' . •;' •: ■,■■1 r,\ :r- ' , - .: '' -j* i'.i? ill ili'rtS 
, ■■; .,)U.»-X?.> i.-^:. 1«T* ;i,fnAf i^54)V>; i'Mv^'^v «it5 



-4- 

tr'vck. TliiP tr^ir w^e bi:c)finf ^sfct, conchit: first, mpsx -•^ri.s xunr.ing 
ytcut eiPht CT villi: srilfjs r^r hour. Th3 *iut:jfi;utic t^ll on tho .*i.- 
i.in^ in t.h:9 r-^.i-r »?•!* rins-ing. Liili^r;, th» pilot, h?. ':^ such iicntrol 
of thi trsia thit he cgui-s fetcr it Tithj.ui iha asei&tsnce oj" thi* an- 
g.in<jaix. Layde.i «si£ Kt:in4iG{; on th-:. west pi;-. tform of tfes car f^r- 
th»iet i'roc thii -jni,;in'S, in tl'-^ ya'?>s» i-oeiiioK ;«*:; £ fc-ctorisr.an o?i ^ avrs'ot 
Ciir, *ith bif/. h-jfiJ! or. Ih^j .tiir-t.r>ke. Ha ts?£tifis*d that lis i-jounci-tfd 
th** &ir v.hiatie at frsqiii^nt intc:<rvait im thji train appro^iciiscl Kid/ie 
K/'jftue -md tLat h« jiotieec; thrty s:»v, yfindinj;: at uif fisj'«*rst ■jixiO'na 
i&nidiii-r lai j.y eouth of g^alci freight triir. i^t^iaar ths tr&ic '>.na th-a 
fourth trj'iCk. Ha furth^^r t^^stifi^d: "Jh^ta ■■s:ji-^ rcvff ^aoutli ij-^l»>^^^n 
tbtit rr-jtlf.^i't; tr-iiu ftr.4 ny train to r-srsit a ran to stawl In tct^^un. 
Thnt wi© uor.ft right along, I paityad t-!>o oa' th-a is«^itchir.dn ini I fcup- 
i:,oe»a lie *i^s ths thlra, Tb« sft^ca b«t*G«n tha south d(Jg-s» of /raight 
cars -in*! north tiilE* of i^ty cars r-n^ nrv^batly «ix f6dt. * * H« K-aa 
ionkini; at the c;sre in thd ol^ar of is.6. Ai; I coft-.s In alout 15 or 
?C tnAt i\t bi« , h;f atisrjsd bocV. I •^hiHtl^;! '-re' holl rfrssilt. • * Vut 
h"^ wfcyrr;^'! b'lcV tfs'fi utepe :;ir(l corner of ^:^*r hit hir ii; ths Bld^ anti 
JinocX-ad hitt down, Qht i?%n:cV; b.B.ck ■*!' hie ha.ui. -^ t tJiat tirrcs I had 
r^viuctta 6r«i3ci^ of ay trsiE! constidiir-A?: Is. It wfts not going ivv^r t*D 
.-r three a»il«.? <<.t. hour ?ehdn it Mt nitr. It rrin ; robably half ^ oar 
idT.gth brffcr^ «;5toi.ping. * * Tfe^.r I junir^Hl /^JTi. * * l?o i-nrt of a.y 
trsin rrin cf-^r hi%. • * I f he hi.:; »tnoa stiM ':« k3uU1 not have 
b^3«n etnick." Heca.-, tha ^sriritaa* ol' t«*. Ir«i:;bt ^r^in, Aieo t«iifc- 
tifiad thht tthortly l.'jsfir:i n?-fVia *f^ i -truck, h« ia^inad out -^1' ths* 
cab win.-jofl' and '»rK:?<»avorad to ^iiract Dsvi.^'s atttsntlon to tt«! cccoi?-- 
izi^ trciin but Mx*,s vifi«uec3Si;3ful, Ait -t tha etccii-.;Gt David «ai? con- 
V'ayiKi t ■• a f-;-j»pita) "fhar'j >.« ehortiy t}:«r'9ftft3r d !«<$.' 

>jrt4:r a c-areful r«vi*ft of i;.i tbij vtviiinca *«J txu^x 
nothin^j, W irjoiicata that David, Ircu thsj ti«,«» h^ rtsachsd tna fcouth 
gat*« »>ntli l'.3 ^afc struck by *.<^id ; « i«.c<jr.;-, sr train, sag In th^^i «ix» 
arclK, . i d-u* cijrtf ff;r i"ii*i c^n safety. ":r the contrary *'a thicJt 



4i. 



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»1 



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\UwJ.' J- !i - '•■'• *»:' i -■ vi'UJ S> j ^•■.? 



-5- 
the t*vii.^Jsc-4 c.l«':tr<y s-hcss that he waa cvllty of such co-niributory 

Circuit Court la r^'s'articiiii. 



FindiRg of Fact. 1^ fjr.d t>:s t ? lalntiff •« intasU'.ta, 
Vo^tsfck P*.vl.1, fisie f-uilty ol" n«r:lii.t«ar,(eii «l icb c ..ntrifcut«?d lo his 
I in^uri«e HTid death. 



m - 30C9S 



/ 



MOT! PI" t^FLm'^F, ,«B^*R^M ^FLPMf.N, / ) 

NSTKAH F^LDHAN and KW.«K friDKIK, / ) 

I r?efarclant?« in Tprct , ) ^-"rror to 

I / ) Muriiclyal Court 

v«A / ) ©^ Chiosjgo. 

\ / ) 

DAVID E'^'PlrTFIK, / ) 

\ Plainti-:^ /n Frrcr. ) 

\ / - ' "" "^ 

MR. juc^icr rjpf'^iFY mtivmrn tkf opinio?/ oi^ tk^ coubt. 

Tfcs ril«f«raart<^ ir ^srin. r, plaint if Ts belct*, o oe;3ir;,e no aU an 
activ^r. c? th:'> fct^rtl-; Qlj»ey in tha VAirloipfil Court cf ChlCftgo 
•a :aln3t David Bsmstsin, de^rrjr,'i.%nt,vcr hi^- «tritr<*r contract of 
gu*4rr*r.ty, aat«d May nC, 191::., in twhicf; iaf and.'^nt dirQCtfid plain- 
tiffe tc deli««r tc J, Kior mioh gOoJ;? >»jn fClwr mi^iit »art frofii 
tltfl« to tire, a7i:i agreed Ic b!*ot>r« tiilly rRaporiSibls tc plaiR- 
tiff* fcr Rijy bslfinca, either upon open aoccunt cr prcssiescry 
notes, y/hioli Kier »i.sJ:it rrrr ti'.r.o tc tiwiS own piJiintiffs, net 
exoeediDg tike m«p of f40C fcr suoh purchaatJ". In a.a5,:l writing 
dafenJant ackKCi«lsdg»ft tbnt ha hwia reoelved all rtotSca nece&sary 
tc charge faiifi 'i*^ gwarr^jitcr in oat^a pl^^intiffs s^hould call upon 
his. tc pny any dcf iciisnoy, -ind a^r«od ih-iit .*?aid writing ««h.oulti 
bo o<)r;.6tr\ie.i as & coj.tiruing giiarar;ty. « ac|:y of «^aia gua^raJity 
wah e.tvaatiaa to pl^iniiff** atHieeiQnt cf olaiw afni si.ttu« a, part 
thereof, era tt ?fH6 alleged in »ai'l. «tHte»mer;t of al<iip* ir^ sul/- 
atanoo that pljiirt If r»* oj.cn account aguin^t Baid 5Cier aiacuntod 
to Ui'i lotil suar of ^^384. 86, for jK«rchanile« aoliver«a to bim 
CR May 38, liay 31, June 3 anu June 29, IRia, arsd that a^fana&nt 
cwea pl-^ir^tiffo -^aii suib. The .Jefendant in hir- affldf*vit of 
c;«rit(? ci]3 4ftgej>4 t>.rjtt "ha ai no ti«.« gu«rant<9ai1 tie paypiert of 
ar-y juGcount Tor gocde, warea and Hi«rohAndift9 tc b«3 8ol4 and cts- 
liT*«reJ to «aid J. Kier, and thnt he ie net imJebtau to plain- 
tiffs in any aura wh,itf)!caver. " V The oau»<* »■%« tpi«<l before tha 






VfiM ■■' 



.if .r' -W . : li fill i J 



ccurt sithc-ut fi jury, aril t) « oourt founi tl'.<5 i^si;«s «gaint?\ the 
defendant ar»a a.'Jf^swi^ed plair.tif f^' dfimngitti at the fiurii of 1364.86, 
ana snterci juu^fss^nt on the flrviln?, a^ainj^t tho d«f«ndan1i. 

^ TL«i only i?jf-3n3^ »^l out in si^,fendanl ♦« afriJayll of r-er~ 
ite, as w(S QCTBtTMCi it, wFk"! tii'it !:i«T'*ndaf«l hmi never jjuaraiits-aa 
tho paymant of any .-saccwrit c^ plsirti^Ta a!i'\ir«t J, Ki«r fcr 
ff;erch.>p,'.iirti5 il'Slivered by pl;!>lnt iff rt to 9aio Kier. TL® U'^fondant, 
hcwwver, a;tR-ltl«v! thst hft nlgnftd thai tns'tnins'^r.t In vifriting »\i«td 
upon, but cXalm-sd thnt ha 0i^r';jd it for "I. Kiar" ani r.ct ftr 
"J. Kier. " V "s It' not think that iie «ui;itfan«,i hi-*? olaiR.. fay a 
pr«f onderariCQ ot the evlasrco. On t«e eortrnry »« think tii@ avi- 
iience ai<?cicae» that iw cignQ^l the guaranty tnjeti wpcn, that 
plaint iff cv reliea upon the oar^e, thtt aftftr the 3;jttB« ?,'»« aaliver- 
ei tc I'lnir.t If fii? they, cri the (iatce mentioned, «olt; nr.d delivered 
to J. Kler rasrclianaic*? to th*? tot-O amc^i* t of t384.36 -Mxd tfirit 
the acoount was net pnid pi jirtiTf.^ by aald Kler. Ccuneel for 
afif^sr.iiunt ocntecd^? that thtt court errr^i in a^Apittinr, o^rtaln 
aviu€nc«, and in Eis.!kii.g csrt'iin cthe.r rulings, "^e have conaiuer- 
<9d Ihe eev^rul pcfii^tsi and -fsTQ cf iho cfAritr. tlcist no «rror |.re~ 
judicial tc def fondant was oasRitted by the tri?al ccurt. th^ 
juigment is affirir,Qd. 



. w.;j 



44 « ;iC'103 

THFODOPIT -^OT^? (riaintiff ) mwi. 0V^|^~ 
lAm MOTOR muvi,m (Osmiahd®),/ ) 

> / ) 

J. ?. TteOH^, / ) 

eJ ar notion cf the fcvirth oljifto Ir; oontraot in tht* ^tinioipal 
"curt cf Ciiicftgo ngeiriPt J. ^. Tir^T^onr-, ie^wnUant, amt a ©umffions* 
*»« l-^eued. On th.■^ sawft ^lay plalrtlff flJed Ar\ ,«if fiaavit arsd 
bond fcr an afctaclmeTJt ir* ail, nni ain &t1.ayl'iisflrt ?ri-ii ■•■^h^- l«0U»a, 
in i*hi;;jh the bnilJf*" wat» ciljrvtotsi tc e»a«;mor. the Cvrtrlfsna Kclcr 
Ccs«spany san g«»rrii?hee. In lb*-} j«fridavit for Jittaohs'^^nt pl«iJlntlff 
ano^ttd ti;st6 t^ defftTvJant "is «;,-o\<v f rau^i^ilenvly tr ccniS'iiai* as- 
Pi ATi or oth«?rwi«« dlapofitt cf hl<^ property cr yff«sotf»^ atci ?*s> tc 
hinder r^rA d«l'sy hif cwiitero," j^n I th«.t "th^^ a<8bt eyed fof wan 
f rtiuUulontly contraotodl or th« p»tX o'^ th-^ dat'tcr," saria th«t ti,;.® 
9tf3it««'iiente of uejfsnti»nt ^Licfc ocr.ait Hutft;i th."i frauyi ware T*Jduo«d 
lo TfrUing rrvJ tigne*! fey uSiiferuiimt, Ofs i«c?vt"ri«V!!iir li>th, the t^iiliff 
r«tt-rivtid t.h»? «va&fficmj' wit), thw ttr>aoraG&«rit vhat th<-f d^fsnaant »*«^5 
•r«c>t fiiun-.i in the Ciiy cf Chlo-^^c,* «n;i retu'-nda ths ^tt.«i«i;sE:^arit 
writ with tii«? en'.ior«emert th.^tt b<? h^Sii <5«rveiJ tho (?<m« o« Raid 
Ovrjrlar.d K<5tcr Cessspany, gDrrilflli<?«2, on NcvstJiUsr 14th. Th^ -jyrrasii©* 
a»«»er<dvi tc th© offeot th'-t it ^^0 IrUauaai tc .J'^fondant in the 
«UB4 cf fSTia. 

On Decotntgr 7;T<i the a-sf^niMnt ftntRrftd hl« ai><i?ci«l afp'i>ar* 
anc? for tha sole nna only purpose of mcving "tr quAwh the «'rit 
of iittaohRsrit,* i^^nj of wcvirig "ir iiejai-'^ tfcui ubovf* or:titleii 
Qi\\x&^. ff-r ^ant cf jurioiioticn, » und .ril«J hi«» »*o-«a,13oia v*xitttm 
"iL-ldvi tc ti,.,t 4urif.vU«tiw,,'' Ti\i« jv-laa wa.^ signed;/ th« ii«f»r.aant 



tta-ilB 






psraonal iy, i*na -.'mn vsrifi'S-.l by hl»; nffidnvlfe, .T."?orr ic t'ttfcr-s a 
yjctsry public cf Ccck Coi?n)»y en D^o^wuc^r It^i. It sa?^- Bill«}se,i in 

aent of tho sotUsn, '«tiff «,rd ?S!*d tei^f' fcf 3Q ys'ird^ a r<3»5.>i»!3ri e.f 
ne»i©oa, Ik ths courty of la "«T1« and f^t.u'<.« cf iniriOiw; tL-.t he 
»aii» net f«r,cJ haU r.evsr t/©an ■■* r.cn-resiigrt o?" lihu^ wtata cf 111 in- 
Gi&i thai nc r^att cf j^l.^iiRttivr'!* all0g0vJ el>Aim i>.2^lr^e«t hi^i "waa 
©OBtrvsot'?!:* cr cauee^.i throWij^i fr>^i!vl cr Tr'^u-lu'l^Rt. inti'JBt by him"; 
«n-i tiutt th'3f 'ictlen ip- li»prcp«rly brought, j-H^s. It tiill fc!J r.^t- 
li^^ed t.h>),t iffiai« in the -ao-iriallfjii ""jlta %x iJ--> j'»?r30<i.lct.lori* a«5~ 
faisclant 4itt&ok& lh?J jwri«dictk.n <if the court.,, h-^ nl^o ira'^irrnei* 
« fctvlcn cf pl-?ir.t.i^f*i^ uffi'-lavii- fyr ittacliPiwnt, 'out ictj^ net 
trav'jrse tl^at pertlc-n cf i.hn affi.i.^vit »n.lch ■^.il^jg.t?'-? %h>it aof^snd* 

©f lilii pror-orty «-ao <vi-! l<:. hi?idtvr SR'l '.i^nlri-^ blv's croctHors, It af- 
|»«ar«« froft* tbe tr&y:;?!crlpt thai en Jih*? naess day %h^s. Qvvti cvssrruled 
isfcri-iant'a isclic-n. It fuftter 8ij-5;«ar'^ t;v>t en %h^. r©2.1t**ing aay, 

•■«otl(?r! ana fsxtenaaa th'-? tia^ within *hiah Jefeniiirt jBi>;i«it flla Lis 
aff Id/tvit cT *soriti? until TmomnXs^x ^th. Fl..alr»tlff, en tmom^bsir 
4tJ;, ms4 art .-^or-dtd f^tst'-smeni cf cLhIk In 'nYiUih i% iBfa« alldgai 
%h^% llaixiXittH Ql«(iiiR *lf5 frr th« vliffsr«*nae ir, t'ri'>?« o?" ''n^J auic- 
tiObil*:'; «ola 10 ^itsfendartt fc;r Sai?«, whi*:?}! }i<* rafissa-l to kd«p aftar 
f'Wroimsij'ig &im«t •mi tL*ji f^rio^j -rtt '«hiai» it ^,^^ jiola, tc~*?it: ^700, 
©R c^r ab-out f^ei^li^isw'sr SO, 1"13, 1«0m li»«:i ©Ap^tnt'ts of harialiKg ana 
aalUu.; 8a«s« (mowntln.^ to fSI." It! pl*antif f »a-5 affiaavit of aaalft 
It was BiatisJa Ui«t tlt>0 wajs aina plalritlff froji- a-«}f srwinrit . v 

^e t?tlr>!fe that ihis a©tl<?n cf d^fenuant (-ift»ir ti.« court 
haa overrulftd hi*' mcticn to a^ttPh th« utt^oJaaent writ «T>a to die- 
mi«« the Oi^^ixsi* f^y want of jiir isUictior), lis s«ekijig th« miction that 
plair-tiff fll« art <iej«jr!<4avi Hi^tm-.^pi oC olaiw, apiOURts^ tc hi'i or-- 
X^Ting SI |.«9ri«Tal ap?,>««raKae, ar<..l that th=» oovir?* Ik^rnby ot'tivinfiU 



-3- 



j|uyi«-,iiotion of liin i.»st'}cn<. (t }Qo.n v. ??>?,. Ith^ H6 111. a^'-j; , 3>B2', 
^oteh>' i»^ V. V'lrd^rt y^gt Co.. U^"- in. Apr. 33&, 338; CU.rK- v. 
£VK}2*., 33u 111. Apiv. bSi Jlfcibrtt v. "^gir;Ie^ 35 111. 1C7,) 

S^joticr. ^.s cf t.fc'S S6wni.i!ijp;il Crurt Aot prcviads? in r-urt 

two (i:) cf thie stot ^hall r>e trotK,!,:.!, f^r^d pxo^miuimi. in tiu^ 4ie- 
trisJt in ahiau t5i« wiaf^adaiit • • raBj^aw or is foun'4 * *. Hut 
ti/'^ r'^.iuif'fiWi^r.ti %hn\. i.);,s 4«gTfinJariti • • sst'St r-'^cl-.Mj r»r t* found 
'j^dthlfi th-g uistrloi Ib '*-hl^h «umh «ult i# '-^rovgliV s/i.^-lJ. net ap- 
ply \c ttttiaolmeist eMii.fi * * >..yttt.sf;L,t it;;*i3nnt no ?>' •■,;• ;? ftki>^?vUi c'- 
thii^ -states, 'fihkah s^witK- aay \:iS l>r«\JS>it in any -.il'iVr'ict wb^.r** 
any riropftrty of ths df:5i?"«m4,?*Kt i« levl'-^d wroyt, » * cf ar.y 'jarni&ke* 
r©!*i'iefi CT ifi fcwnd in ai4«h a i -strict, • *,• 

Ccfun^'sl for atf^jn-iitist aoni'^inOif: th^t, inas^ssiifoh aft Uis auit 

w^^s jif. :5f.J.tH.i4h8S'?rt :'--.vtit, ^n4 iriB'^rtit'CL .-i^'* it arr «»'!ir«d from th*''; u<*- 

f«ndAf>t.*»? v«.rifi«?a "pls^a to fri.^j jurirj^iiijtiC'n* IJiat dnf^.r-hit.\. wa*? 

Ksith'r a re-e-iaant cf Caiaago r.cr a rjor^-r-sc^i .anl. of Illlnol-^, the 

ccurw -jculd f-FOt i.nv<9 j-siritaijticn of the »i''jf •',•*«<! ;^.nt. "S?** r^sannot 

'Vt,tacbfi5«if5t Wi!i« ir tho ai-i cf th'it i^uit^anK «a?^ upC'ri $rouiidft ,cvh»r 
thar that of iefsn<.lint b'^lfii ^i r.op-'rt*'-!iJ.'5r»,t of th^ «^tJit« of Illiricfct, 
tii<? Si.oticn iiuot*^^ atr-.^*5t^? th^it a<?ticn« of t5v>? foyrlh claiu> sJrjall 
be brought nn-S pro.aecut'^'a in th« ii^arici in whiah the derttnii..;nt, 
"rtt?i.i«<? ar H (.t<\mi , *" t'r.^i vclrmiary mitiQti of def «r3a?xi\t ir» aov- 
ing tt'^t ivl«fcintiff ?iX^ an -;i»sfuii3J ■3<t'^it^,'virrit cjf i?l&l6i atftourjtvju to 
■■.iof©R<iant «nt*iririg a gsnsral <app9a:rfiiw<s, Ji«4 h'S wa«i stw auoh ir.. 
court sr if he haJ bt^n Toumi* by tins b'sili^f i?j thy il'urtrial 
und s^rvGu with a «»jK»on,'», f Kiljie v, Occdyjn . 35 111. 5:5, 55.) 
Tt>s ;*ttncJ.mt^rit in lil.i «r«*' b«t iir avijunat of t-hc ofi.>:ir.dl •>;:■*:•)« 
fM£££2L V. HniriUon. 7 Itl. 43^, 433; ??\)tliyi3:c v. nrlblif:;;.: . S6 
III. «i.f . 3t>3, .'554) and, ttef«rslarjt bclnig jrc^arly in <iouvl , the 
aour% net cisly iissi<j[ juriisdicit itn of the p<«r»rT; <;* th-?* 4«fsr3:iaiit but 
&1'4C of th^ gi^rfiielkee, who it ."ipi/^iijrs »#s^ found i^aa 09rvm in tksi 
di»triot, ( aaiUy v. Val'^gy Uy^tlonal Ban>? . 3S7 111. 33:^, 337.) 

V Th'3 {i«3f«r)J«nt UiU not fil« sn affidavit ot ss«rite tc 
pl»Jr£iirf •«» ar^«r..i«»;l fftatwaent cf fjlatm #ithir. %h^ %i^.& ts^ntloreJ 



ri I 






-4- 



Ir whs ncTirt*^ or-iar of Dao«rsib*5r 4th, 2ir;Jt .Jaf^anianl aiU r.ot >%t 
.;r:y ti-J-f* «)r i?> any jsannor travor«a tl.-'it f-ortlcr cf plairtiff 'e 
arridavit Tet yAtaqbauert i^ -ftli, wh<jf«lft it, ^ac? alti9g#*i that d0- 

p€f43« cf JiS?% pfc-p«yty or ^ff-aot^ ?<€? «.'; t,c himltr and <X<i}Bj hi# 

in XL^ origiivil ftuit for "Sfarit of ?*n affld-iivH cf jsfKrit*?, '4Ka af- 
\,<iT <* taari??g, Lefcro th«i ccurt without -i jur'y, ai??jeaj*«ii plain- 
tiff*© d.n«.a?,ei» at "»he msa of 1^1 SC, ir*-! al*»o s^i3t^4n«^i the attgoii- 
jst«nt. I?><t i,h«r«U|j^n 5.h« cr'.iyt entered Jworgpi^^iit; in th© ori*iral 
f?v;it in ftivcy t^f plaintiff aivi as??jln*t %h^ >inf^nd^Ti% fc-r *150 ar.ti 
oogtp^ and al^c «ftt«{]f«»<i j\jjg:-i;ert 'Vf»air9t %hii $Hrnl*h«s, Oij^rlftriU 
iJtvcr !;!Q?j>srsy, cr> itft a!'g!t!»-3r Tcr ^h'H sut: cf tS3l>, f t r tL^ uc© cf 
plaltiiiff H','^ *c f 15-5. 10, fefHr.^ the -liifeC^^nt cf ths orleir;al juag- 
R^fit a.n-I aoat^, and th«i f'3:'?Stlue fcr th^? u?>*^ Cf tli?^ U^f^ndsnt. 
Ofi tiiW fellovsirig iiay, ti^cmio-'fT l\%h, tlV3 iefendant 
mcvei th«> aourt ic «?'it asslde and vfjoato tb* ^u-ig^eet ag.ai?i«i ih® 
•ieftwdant sr-ji -alwc- tk^ jtitSj^ei^t a^yaiyj'^l the gtrr',?>!h.«c, an-l tK« 
mctiCTt W'Tt,© (?et for hda^im^t or. Ja?'uary «^S; I'^K, at ¥hl<;5b Xhnn ths 
fstlcrn^sy fcr 4«fcnd.)int rr4t^?f?r.t8di '^ni r«a4 hi;? ot^r) afflUaviti, aub- 
acriboa .?jr<i e^rcrn to on fscewb^r 11th, ir- jnjppojrt r*^ ^J^^ Rse-ticn. 
It w«e th<»f3lr:' ai'^eg^d tfcsit affl»nt j- rcoxjjrs-i 'a oer-y rf j;l*^-i^'tiff •« 
ausisniied »tat«a#r!i cf cl-'^ir/, fUe.t D«oeajt>®r 4tJi, cjj Bec^^bar J^tl*; 
ti.Ktt or aocourit of IaIp att^jnaijri,^; -ijourt on -z mcticn fcr a n»*« trial 
*h<ii hu ' nc time tc drs^ an afridavlt cT f-'srtt^."' until Mcniay, D6- 
crtffiber 8th; thi^;! e-^td aff.}4.;xvit cf !^.?>rit9 wa?.« writtsr. ur by his 
stenographer on Tu«!in4ay, r!«>cap::fe«r ^th, ivhereupor jue lRus9vll,?,t«ly 
ftAile'J th« iumo tc- 8fiid ddfsndarit rTit ^«««ca, DlJrci?^ bui ijad net 
hftj liff;<> ic r^oaivd it LftOHi \>h\\, en D«o«EfiV.ex' ?th li» "Ci^lleid up" 
pl?'4r.tiff' ?? *ittcrn«y and ssjlted for fv>rtb^r tim« withir. ^hlch tc 
filu TiR affidavit cf ^grili* and thnt «ai;.j attcrrfty "leu this? af- 
flnrt to b«ll»>y«* th^t ht wc-wl :i %llcw further tii^i©; %lm% .affiant 



-*> 



whcle of yl-intitf ♦« 4©eiand *"ln t,LAv ;..« «*v«;-»r •^c.nt.r-'SOtQ.i it b\<.y 
tti« uutcsaobi:!e fe'3ni.le.poa irs plaint iff '*:?■ st-it«H»iaf»t oT olait^.* Iho 
Qcurl overriiled 4!SfST..:larjt'?? motion to vacate ar.ti t'Qt anijido a^la 
4udg>soiit9>arui dsf fjEaiirst »v!«u otii «.ijif writ cf error. s/ 

II is ooi-5t«raded by ''JOvrsK-;^?'! fcr -^iefOiftdant %'n:\% t.h.D eourt 

«» ilc net Vulnk ro. '^^hilij tfc^-. arfMavll In ^ur^ ort c^^ tlio inction 
«tat©ti ?! fact ter.iing tc f^hcw that a-sf«nd*nt had a RvaritcrieuG 
si«fsfi0« t© plaintiff *e acticr; tii«.re was no oho'piing cf diligence. 
Botii aliigenes nnd a Bisrlloricjn dwfenoQ .«»hcul<i be 'I'tiO^^n. (|iis£- 
X2iL^« ^UQ-^11 vlty Cvcu; Cc. 1?';- 11 U 6B; l^srricr v« KioK-l^:. 1*^3 
111. /^rr* 444 i .^afeuUa v. Kcnp^^lb^ir. 4*« 111, Apr. 'a^?.) 

FlBtiiiic!; nc arrcr ir- the record the Judips-jnt of tfcs 
Mur.k.'ipAl Court 1^ affirm^ju. 



- ■>•»," A*^;5?iUvwfft*fS»^ ■ 



5^ •» 50^*33 

hiim'ir^, J 

\ Darac-iant in frfcy^ ) - 

) frrcr %c 
v^. / ) »itra';.t5-=^2 0ms rt 

\ / ) of Chicago. 

M.*.F>0»P.FT nT'^f i»TT?T^, / ) 

^Uifttif ir/lr- Krrfir, ) _ ^ 

\ / f Q '' 

\ j/ ^ ^- ^ o 

K. Twesn^y e?n.i varif l-iS.J fcy hir? af f idi-ivit, vian ftl«<J in tfj® Mwnl- 

i« a ooKtt.oc nifhl w'alk«r .-Mid go^* abci.t the pufoli-o. *ar'*o5.s -sell- 
'jiilng B58K Tor tr;« ptirr-C®'^ cf f rtvetltutlcn; is l<stnd, »f>a;tori «ii;a 
la'fcivious in ep««<3li| jerrftifl ar.iS bstftvlcifi i»> idlo 'a.^ rt?^gliSot»- 
•fui of ail lawful but9ine3£' enid di-i lia'oitv^lly wisf-fjpemi har ti».o 
by f re 'riu writing houBse of til~f.ue3« ar-i tlprliJ^^ witcpw." Hhe »»tt<3 
arr'^9t«« ar.d r^Iaas^'i en b«il. S?ub<Sf«tfW(sn^ly, by crxtix of th-^ 
'.:3.a(jf ju«tlo« of «»ai>i oourt, tht> anuse wafe «0lt fCKr trial t>*fcr(S! 
ti;,<^ Hen. CharUe H. Bo«iil»fi, a Jud^e 0? ths> City oewrt cf Cliioj^jc 
B«Ji,^ht3, Ooc*' Ccwnly, IlHnci*, who ?«m;J helUng a branch cf th© 
kunloipal Court at \h& request c? the Juug<j«» cf *?«id Mur.ioifal 
Court. Hhe il9a*e-i net guilty and d,e8>srs404 a jury trisil.v The 
jury founi h«?r gvilty in tt-ar.nor an! fona aa <sharga;l in t>iS! irifcr- 
ajAtion, Hnj. sha »a*i eentsncs'i to six isonth^' Impriaonffisnt 4r tr.e 
Kou3« of Cf^rr-^oticn. Thi-i! «rit o' errcif waf? 8uh«tt^i,u3f;tly fni«cl 
out an i ?»h« was aas«ltt«!.'!; tc tail ir the mjas of f3,0C<'i. 

It is ocrt^ndod by u<Jun«s9l that '•«?vlt/« ly/ l?fomntio« 
Oftr only fca ao«Beno«a by the «tat«*3 attrrfi«y finJ t.'^f*.t, tLorafcra, 
tbe eri»r fcr laav« to fil<i th-i' ifi?«rff>-iti©n by Offloer Hw^^fisy ia 
volu.** IKera iv* r»c meris. in tho aonte?'tlon. Orimlnal «a«ii*8 in 



^V ■■;,-{^ 



.H 



} -:.;;., 



1 . „\,-» i..v>7».vT ".i*iOV 



th« yunioipsil (7Gur^, In v?hlch wJwi «^-U!niith«i?>^V i^'s t-y fie-:; or lis- 

bf tliu infcn^aticn of any jx.M-'^cn ctfitjr ih/-i.n tUe Itt^rn^y O^r-r^ml 
or oi»at©'« Attcrnsy, tut in auah oat's ©« iK*; liiftvmaticr. mytni h^^ 

watricn In U*i*», oa^«» was profGtl'f V'^riCis^i by Thoefia^ H. r?*«ssB#y. 
It. ir* ftarth^r cciitr>n 4*3^.1 i,hr^% the praHUing ;l«ds« 's^ao 
wHhciat ^urieaioVicK tc try thi? oast^ baS'iij^jis it apr-^arf? that, ha 
vj^G a ju4gtt €>f iliM City oourt of Chicugc Htigliti;'', su^d it dc^e 
net ?ip,f<Svir ti..*it he *?«•« «el«oti>i by the clerk of th« Mur-.ioip*.l 
Hourt, tt4i prevlasd Vy section ^0 of the Tract iae Aot. In otsr 
opinion thi?^ Gc-r»tsf.t ten I? al»o -/^Ithovt snsrit. Ta*- j rcjvifticti cf 
»«ii ^dcticn §0 ii? %o the offeat that, in ohf^^s of *.i(3ath, tmucvsil^ 
realjRwtion or dlftal^llity cf m ^udijo ff ary city Court" the o5.tvrk 
of aaia court m&f u&'iaot a^J call In n.rif j»J-ijg« of any •aii'Giiit, 
suporlejf, Qvunif or pto'tn^tt aoiirt' cf l)ii<a stat®, a^'-i aal4. jwd^s 
fto eoleotea srd aali»a in nh>ill Ji.*90 tii^j .lutherity, rigjst® mtA 
dutl^Kf cf a 4uiy 0l'St<jt^4 joiga of ii>xUi &ix,f court. But H i& 
t'roviasj-i by section 13 cf \}m Municipal Cmrrt Act tl^i^t "tha juig^a 
or sal.i Muflioipal Ceuirt --(..ly irtfircjUf*;'ife« '^ith ju'rige*^' of ©tiior aity 
cc'urti?, virsi with oourity jiiUgoa, and «fti4 reap®otiv« julgea may 
facia court for ea<jli cth©}f ani ■^■^rform >9»oh otli©jr*a ciiitios ^hau 
t:\ey fir. I It n^G*%>?v''.'jry cr ocnvonisnt, " Th« raccrd b<?for^r ua Jia- 
cletefi th'il ti« Hon. Charl«sj k. Boi?!*©, n j»'ig« of ««M City eourt 
Cif Chxoagc Rfiiglitc, wftti, Fhan this cauess ¥*a«« trim! b^fcr^ Li«, 
lidding a branoh cf eaia Mttniolj:?il Court 'at ttifi; ^*e•.ll}»:^stt oT ih« 
^u-igsi? cf «aia JJimls3lp!il Court." In the o:tR«;ir cf Awericvn BaUiitet Co, 
*• t»erta r^fk A.a^oclaiicr . ;>t^"- III, bB9, n juigmdsr.t w!<j«» iijntefr»a in 
th--^ Murioipal Ccurt cf Cliio»go ftaainflt aaici a.n««tjlatlon ana etltstrf 
bi'Sfcr^ Hon. O«org« J. Oowina:, oounty judgo of ^ill County, "hciU- 
in^ a IsranolA f>f the Municipal oourt of Chicago by r«qu®?'»t of th« 



•V. .f 



• 1 ■ c; t 



. r ;;-.■> 



^' J 









«^*i 



twtiomil ana affimsd Xh(x judgm^?Tifc% ^<9 fi«J Kcthln^ in Xh^ r^reu^Rt 

tli« tlflB© properly iicldini*, a btJii-Ksb cf %m Uuniaii^^J Court ay 4uth~ 

crisdu by »^i<l a^ctlori 13 « 

It ia further iicni^ind^'i th^H tht*! v«.rdict le not «\iffi~ 

oianily v^upporte'l by th* *vhi^r?<}«, ^aottcn ?J7C af ch.'^ptor 3S t>f 

the ?tatut<5P ot \,h\f» etat* j;^rovivi«« ix\ part ad foXIc^t*^! 

■Sli 5^*rr«on^ -^ho a--^ idle f-?r>4 .llo/^cTliite, nnd v^ho ££> 
ivbt'Ut l»«ggiog; coffiEcr^ nlgUt-wsjlksrs; X^^j-sd, v»aitton ami lii^oi- 
vicu«? r-erricns^ Ir. epaeoh or cohrivicr; * » aH y:nmcxy'* who ara 
iul« or disfi^lut© i*ru whc n0^1»ict ail i^iwI'Til bui^inao^, nr.a whc 
h.tbituany miss-'*?^sftd th^Jlr thus by f re.i».'<5r:ting hcrfif*^ cf ill- 
r?s»«, giktiiing fe€u«is» or ti'pf-llnjj ssjiopw; • • ifth,?ili li>ij aaessed to 
h:2 Ami they ara ^isclwreJ to b« vasabojads. " 

In tliG IfjfomjatioT! plaintiff in error «a« jjj.firiSiif-i with 
aufflaisnt f^artlouh^rity 'if bsiin.^ at thv? tira'^'^ morsttorjmS such &i? 
f.-erftOf{ aa i« Jenorlbed in tli«t pcrtlcn rf tha «»t**.fcttt«!? ^ii3Ct«d, The 
t^DtiKony c.-f tb«9 #ijt witr"?nsci» for the |.i!3<r'p5e »'a« £o the fjffect 
that 0^0 wa3 n acmmcn Jii-;ht *'Hlt6r Mr.d prc-«titwt<?j, ^^d fi.irth«r 
tJ^s*t >ah's »«e di««cl'ut«, BOgl'SOtful of »n la^^HfuX busirmesj -aia-i 
habitwfilly «^4§-'!»j;j^ndiK.g ter tl«.Q .fre^i'ientiji^ tippXinii ©ho^i'?. Plain- 
tiff in ^rrof was tiut cr.^y ailtn©0«? Ir- har own b«half. "h^ danls4 
thw c:hi3r^«» B?iai® ntfssin^tt her anJ f«t.'^tf?d th-a fsi th>.: ciate <?f har 
•Virr««ti *arui prior tc tL^t time within 18 month* "^ f«ho wa*e doirsg 
general hf>tj«ew?:rlf Tor h«r -^ispleyi^r •^jt Sc, XIS^ La :^aI1e avenue, 
for whioh «f«?rvic*5f> ?'h«' r«c«lv«*d ^g a wa-sV: Rni ro<MR ate'il bcara, and 
tii,i..t lii'^r hu«»tsi!ia, living In Oallfcrnia, r*sulpjrly fi'^srit i*<ir flO a 
waQlt. Tiif5 jvry ««vi<t«sritly -iid net baliev-i h«r tefflt iiacny, ^& ara 
of the opinicr. that the v«?rcllct Is aiflply »upport^d by the eviderjcft. 
Ana w® vie not thiis^ thiit %ho trial <;ourt In »r.y fif bl^ rvilinga un 
evi'ieric.e oo»«itt3.1 suoli urtct, if any, a!? ^rarranta a rijvrareal. 
Th*» jua^r.ant of th« MurfioiiRJ Ccurt i«? aJTimed. 












'■■'n 



/ 

/ ; Error to 

. v«. f / ) yunicifsi Court 

'^ 1 / ) <>^ Chi<;a£0. 

\ Plain til/ in firror. ) 

\ / -1-' ^ ■-■■ -- . - 

\ >^ 

On 8<ay i.^*?, I'-li, Sfceu^^l t:5u.rn>3, a lic^aEsd raal-itjjta t« 
brokt-T, ccBSFsnetia an jiition v7f thsj iuurth c1u4<b In tb® 'isunicips.i 
Court cf Cliiaaj^'S s^gaicfst Vsiilisa, A. Tuilivs-iJ, ■■><ii:4rA^xit, to r«- 
cov-jr tbs feusK of C'i8v ae co(^Ki«sion(4 , In t.l » uU tas-.^sint of Ci-aiai 
; juintiff alldgjsd in eubstano* thni h^ w«k autLorixaa by a^tertdint 
tti yrccura a furcb&e'ir of tha hou!»# i-xni ir^ftife-aa, known a*; No, s7i^ 
. scrij iitr-dst, in Chic-irc,, liiinolt, own^a by dejf^n-Janti that ha did 
:, ro«vir4 s j^urch;-, si^r, n.^<r.:}a J--»ff..i« J, F.iaiilay, «ho f>\& ta^ySy ^ *iiiiag 
cn^l SDl;* to rurchaa© tiivi yror.srty; rind V>'»t ttr^ r-dr..«iOB«.V,ia vt::l\i« of 
nio tji«rvia3f) Ifc lifiC, no putt of whicl iiutn hua b*isn p«ld lnl» , Th» 
<i«J'4iiaiint in hi^ ^ifflds^vit of r.^rita iUlsgsd in if!ub»3t;&nc« thj^^t tha 

Sf!».i«3 yi' tha propisrty wii© broui;ht afcout through thd afforts of 
anothsr jt:3al-->yt»t« t.rok.<*r^ that pi»lntiff was not tha |. roaurins 
cstustt of ths ttd.iei sn<i ti-.s-t d^efandant *ia not In^aattad to I'iaintiff 



n^ 



^ In any butr. fthateoavjjr. Th:a cnuaa *i; y irititi cejlora the c;;urt -'.lth« 
out a. jury, rssultlng iu tv.s uourt fioalKg' tl5« leuuwe against a*j- 
XonJaut an.l atn:«»8»lng plaintiff • e AHP-.&tyit& at liftO, Juarpisnt agraicat' 
Jstfaucaiat •»« entered ujon tha finding, *hiah jujgiifi'»nt it is agugJat 
. Dy thie srlt ,?f fixnr to rsv-res, 

N/'^Tb* 3i&.tyriiil facta ir^ in si. cstJ-.nv ■; foiIo«»: Sariy 

«, in tl'^a yisar JC13 Jafamiar^t list^a tha pr«ri»rty lor k>a-i« at ths i:rlc« 

1 

of ^7,3v.C slth [iaintiff i»na sith ««V3ral otbijr r<!!'ii~B«t« t* trokara, 

2l. ant a* f. ijfjdant laforrdci ail of than th^t h« acvla j;ay uoB^iiasione to 
n that broker *ho «c;<l tb« pro;-drty, Piointlff nixritionaci tii« iropar- 

r 



tb 



i. ■ ,,ir 



.... 'i...- nX 



.:T 



1 



1 1, i ij* !:>if -Tj-K c 5»i i J lit' ;.nt 'i «<i' • r>aA 



ty to ei'tia Ji>.»i}Q J. Rs«.ii.i«y, *ho *fl* >j,!iJ©irou.sj of r-wroh^^lng 5 house 

ia that vicij).lt>, ami about Jearch 1?5, l;.a.S, j:a»lntiff sliowsa 

Rolii-3y itn:i fcife «if« ths pt--iK<iaai4 »nd tJ:3roug-h th» ihcu«3. Reiiisy 

offartivi '47,000, and jriaintifl' icforKsa djfduiarit ol" tb«J c^ff^r, but 

dof«nil*int r.i!f«»ed it, Cufciaa'^uwotly pialntiff got Fsiiisy tc? aaia 

an offer Q-i 17,100, but (J«f«nuant »iBo r^fiiiiaa thia ;;ffar »iia piiiin- 

tiff infiij-ft-^a RsiUay of aafanaant'^ rai'usal. TI-.«rsu]>oa j;laintiff 

u^iaaea hii* r.if^>tiati<:/as -^vlth h.jiijey,::).u:; 'iOcor<llirii, t^; Rijiliey's 

tjstiar.ony , hs . (Rsiilay ) guv-s up Um id&a of r.uyin;: the hou«*a ar.ri ooa- 

Ki'aucea ionkinj^ for .snothsr housa. Su'c«5*viU!^ntly Kd^&ra K, T&kksa, 

anothi^r reai~i2«tftt«i brck«*T, who hnd t^mn trying, to ci^li ^<iill^y & 

hc.u<i!iji in K. vilff*irar.t i.cvitioc -ftiihout sviccetja, upon t^inr iJfitorKdd 

cy n>3iil»y tu'it Ua (R.iii:;3y) h.ui ;;/-.jVicu&.iy "iocked at d«f-inaant*e 

prcpsriy fc\it iv..rs giv^n up th^ iiaii tf purckitsing it oaoau^a teva i rica 

*«,» too Mgh, cop.»3r;c3ci BtJ^ctiating aith P^^iliay and rJai'an-i&Bt *j.tli 

th« rsauit that ia a fs'^ days h« proouxaci '.in c.ff«Ji frojs R-iiii«y for 

©*ia projxirty ot |7,.43CO ($2,000 down &n.ii b«2'*nc3 iij .'.itfrfr^rttd, rjiy- 

ij.aiits) ana flri;\,n/ euccs*3d«d In g«ttinf, aefdJUant iasaccdpt tha oi'fdJr. 

Ta^ oontr.i*ct .if taid Ka^ t;ir(ii8«nt«><i to tc^th pi4rtla» by Tai^.x-^n ana 

signad by tb«»ft;, snd d^f and^^Rt p?-id Takkain tlBC its cow;B.ie(sion«.v^'' 

Aft^r a carefui r«ivl<3-«'' of the siviiiintj** ^a iiavs r^acbad 

tbj cohoi\;tticn th«t Taii^dn, ana not tha nluintiff, w^ie tiia procuricg 

Cftuasi of thti tais, th«»t U:i»f«na:*nt la not iiacia to ri-nintiff in any 

suffi fur cosrsiipi^ions. , and that iha trirf'i c,>urt «rr«d in .sntariag the 

Jud^'R^nt j>4;ainBt clisfsioJant. t^-j tSo aoi fina ^,*Ky isvidiKica of coliu- 

&lon or 1*<1 faiith o» tijs pHrt of rtsfaadHnt, In McGuir^- v. r -rieon, 

tii 111, App, .'•:v!>,'^i99, it ie eaid: 

•UKltfiite hs apacifiiiy agr-jiae act to *lo sio, im o»ner 
».ay «B;pit)y X«o ot aord ': roksr&i In aaoh c'a«<« it iw tJi«! brcfcar 
«.fcQ i«i t,h«! afflcisnt cau»« ot tha *^ai>t «ho i* siintltiad to ocr.» 
wlAslcne, ani thl» right ie not affaotisd by its fact that tsuch 
brok«3r «ssil.8 to ona shoi^fe att^jntloii to ti.dr^rof erty hsi ^.dsforis 
bi5:*r, c;^lisd by aDoth<2r ferok«r. It in »ot ths* bjrcjfar who first 
epsttk^ of tbe rrop:*rty, but hs »fJO ii? tha i rooiirlcg oaue«i» of tha 
BAie, **« hs ths first or i^scon.i «ho anf-arad tii*> attention of tha 
purcUaesr, • • Th-* c-ar ty Kali in?;, *'b«i»t'i e^jv^rsil broker* feavs 



Xfc 



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'.•i :^ilii Hi 'J:, r ' . ;. ,. 't ;...' w-.j ,*»i*i?s 



to-33R iPploy^d, K%y, In thij absancs o/ ail ooilusian upon hi** 

part, p^y to t>>s ?.r"»nt through ■«ho«i'd inatru^r.^ntaii ty tne s.>ld 
wj*». .vrought «bout, without inrjuiry as to "?. listh^^r i^on-rs ofn^t i-rokar 
Ci«y not hava hud eoB'^isthiof to do aith affaoting ths bsIs." 

(S»4, s.i«v5, Vf js'slanq V. Vv-ttfrleic . .^4 S. J, L. ;.^4'?', 34Si Pgitiin v. 

'^ i U i H , i;j,i- Hi, App, S^ii^Gi^'r. ) 

Tii3 judpwant of tJi* J^unici'fa' Court i.-t rav^rsaci, 

R£?£P?.£D. 



Flciilnjf uT FaotJti. «i;: ''Irui ?:•« ultlir;.it:it faCte in&t thss 
pjalntiff, f;are«:sl Eurna, was oct tha r '""curing cuu«« of tha *&Ss; 
of the proptirty in question fcy tYm defdiiciiant, 'Siiiiafit A, CuilivaR, 
\ to JaErdii J, Rtiiilciy, ^n-:^.thAt i*f9nd{>.fjt ie not inAsbt^il to pjifeirw 
tiff it) uuy sum fnr coreijlftijioiaa on ss^id ftiU«, 



/ 






340 - ::037C / 

/ 

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TKF fFopLK r-f TFr ''If.tV nf / ) 

lUINOir, / / ) 

TMf'^rAitTiX. in ^Tr/r, ) "rrcr %c 

yn^ \ / ) of (^hH<..zo^ 

TVJ.M H. .n%HY, / ) 

\ / ..;.:_ : _ 

Hn July 6, ir''14, trus f cn<r?« Inc; infcr«r-Ht ion, sii^nea 
by ravi-A NeaSian -^r'J v«riri*^d cy his arfia;vvit, '.Vis^ ftldd in the 

"Djivid ?JeysBan ♦ • givey \,\u Court tc u-i infcrciHi anU 
uiUsretand ihit F. H. Av'-jfy^ henjt<.fore to-?fit; en th^i 6lh 
<iay t'f July, 4. D, 1914, a; ui.y City c^ Chioagc^ afore^aki, a, 

ai.i Ihei; -jr^i tl:«re J&mfir\d cicney tc- tij« 'uxcunt ol' cna iiUTuirsd "^ 
cJollare (#1CC) frc^ tha affinrt Kith if;ay>ace?5 an.i wlt.bcut 
rea-'fR «rKi protsHblii! c^uc© an s thereby ■■■l^i'^i ihr'Si+ten th» affiant 
ih-ii -unS^fsfl fchfj nffi^int aeUv-re.i tc him, ih^ r-M'ti-f ?. K. ^v«ry, 

i-rincn 'Sith « vlt^w thereby =^riw intent ilwn an.* i!r^r« tc i^AlcTrt 
jf^nd gviin K'icnQ/, ocnXrury t<) ihfi fcm c' th'S "t-v-tute in such ^,- 

the <Jef.\tr?aar<t visi? .iTy^stiftvi, pl*md*j4 f;ot guiUy -ttKl 
ffaivfj-i trial by jury, M..ti or* Jviiy 17, rn)4, th-;> ucuri, aft«y 
h*iorin;^ ti.e av ivien-'e cffer^u by til's people -tna by j^frtivisiiu, 
fcur.u ti>^ aefsrisiant guiUy Ir r.ar.r.er ar-l fonn as charg^vi in itis 
iRfcR'^-itior., ^n-i eeirteno«a ?ilm tc pny Vc ^.h-:;- ol'^rV: cf ^h^t; cci^rt 
It firi'-i C'f tSCO, ana ■r;c8t?» t&x^a lit f9. Tfaie writ of «rrcr i^ 
9L«j<i oi.t ir. reverse th^ Juiip^ent, 

The prlr.oir-t^l polnl rel I'Ki crt Tor ri rovir^il of uhd 
juj.=|{j;«nt i* that th^ irirertjiiticn ./Oi3?> net, o)i'».r5'.i any crteir.al 
cff«rse. It is eoro«!d»d ifcr^t th<? .tr.fc.m?'ti<:.n 1ft ba©>s4 on S'^o- 
iU-c 9;i of Uj^ Oris?ir.nl Ccvi«, wht^^h 1" in piift .-iiS fcl .1<*t»9)S: 

•^Whoever, -^iiJ-ir v?:; nelly, cr by '^ritton or finVi?;! ^ 

crig>e or al^dfirefaancr • • witli intent tc extort «oney, gcoaft, f ^— ' 
cii-'ittcjlT or ctii'.r valuaijle thlrj,-?, cr wlir^?*v<»?-.»? • • to aoevi«« "^ 






i'lit/ /<^n'- 



/ anoth'ivr of ^i crims or iriioaemsanor, * * thou«f,h r.o money, ^gocdK, 

J Gliattele or valuable thing b© demanded, shall b<sj fineu in a. 

\^ ouffl not ©xcesUng fSCO, ari iKprloontjd net excoariing &ix teonth«. 

The inrormatior charged in '^ub«tano<3 that th« deTerpiant 
throatenad Keuman that, unl^s?-:^ K^tanari u^'livervi-i to def'sruirtr.t the 
eufvj of tlOO, iefenJant wouM c«u«0 Keuman "to be plnced in prlaon/ 
with ths lnt«r;t thereby of extorting ar i gaining nicney. Te think 
the infcrrr atlcii fslled to ^teta th© offenise mi^nticned in the stat- 
ute. The charge is not that dsfenclant "threatened tc acauae" 
Heuffian "o? a oriKjj or raiadersearior, " with intar't tc extcrt, etc. 
( Jofanocn V. T&crle, X.13 III. 0^; Bank v. rm)plo> 30 111. Ajp. 40, 
4<;; UooT^i v« People , 36 111. Irp. i:$7.) The information bein?, 
InaurCicjiRnt, in cur orir.loi', tc aurport the jU'Jgtaent, it ie un- 
neocfisary tc diecuirs th® avi:^3nco, Tho jud^raant will b^:i reverasd 
ftnd the Qaue© remanddd. 

BEYFBrKD ;^ND REMAKDFD. 



• • W) ■ . 1 r ,i J r I 



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43B - 19841 



Appellant, ) / 



Appl^llee. ) / 

4, i" 



i / OF COOK COUMTY. 



M <iijf . ^,. _iL o r'i s 



i.r, JUiTiCE lililTli DM.lVHiKD Till- 0> INivH OF THK COUHT. 

Appellant filed a bill in thf-: >..upcrior Court of 
Cook County against nppftlif-e for acrparate mBintfi-nance. "he 
GOJRp}ainMnt and defcnimit M.-erc living;, on u fnr.; at iUglvland, 
Indlaritt, together .^fitii their daughter an; ;ion-ln-iaw, (ttoo 
and 1 artha I.rueckeoerg. Cn L^undoy, , ctober 21 1 I'Jld, a son 
ol coriplain&nt and defenuant, -WiO rcaided in Ciacsgo, tot;ether 
with sciBt frienua, viaitrd tlie coa-f. Lain.-rnt and Gefendant from 
ChioAgo, Hiaking ti:**: trij.) in an sut'.ijvobile. The defendant and 
hl» son-in-law, otto Kruecjfeeberg, were Jointly operating a 
far;!, at };i,e^..lan.S, Indifjna, iluring tho visit of tjx^ uon Inul 
an;, ki s frien-is at tiip farsi a controvoray arv;0e, .a..icf. pro- 
voked and excittd the defendant, nnd in sv; icii txie tson-in-law 
struci the defendant in the face, iinooking hlic do»n, Jiefeud- 
ant'e glasacs v/ere knoci::cd off hio noae by Vce 1:;Xow and orojkcn 
and the pieces of glase cut i.ia f.Cf- to oofi>o extent, Tne 
daugi-ter h^Hided her fftiur hi a brvkf.ri ^In&BeB and iijB.de some 
unpleasant rc«iarks to him, and tuereupon the father olayped 
ner in the face sit:^ the back of tiia hand, 1-*^ aon-ia-law 
then set upon the defendant and , ^v* hiin a arvere beating;, 
vV'her«upon the defendant packed up .-is clotir.ing and aaked nia 
^ife to come to Ciiic&Ro, tr-J lin* h&r tmit it ^■ma a sha-ue fur 
a man to be beaten by caa ^son-in-law. Titc complainant took. 



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tiie p«xt of tfj© son-in-law imd daugi-,ter tmu iw reafonae to 
uwcoif;pii»€'iit.ajry reii.wrics l^y defer. arm t cailr^d the defer. >,iaiat 
di aagz'eeab 1 c riasee, vine re* used to gu «f-.t,ii '.ilia to Ctiicago, 
And, t«c w«ei?a later, after fiC ha<i reriuf:3t*:d iier tu go to 
Cr.icago v^iti-i hisi, without -vrilin;-: iiirti or .s^a. izi^: any '.tfja.auU 
on JLi.i fof aj-pport wt^'-i ius-intcv'^nce, Ikied her biJl in Uiin 

in hi a sriawrer tive tiof en iant offerea to iak« i.ia 
wife back and dtupport nrT, The dei'^ntiant ciiJiie to i::.ioativ mi<l 
secured eSiplovK^ii-st and rQ-a.viVi'Hd in >..alcaga, 

The p-Jirtifva lu tj.ics action were «::rri«ci fi-nti had 
lived tog«Ui'.'-r <r.or« tiiftn t-'/erstv-iJix ytraa-a q.s huj^^iana s^rni wife, 
Tae def«rn3!*x!t he.d saved aorsi* ffion«y sinU /vit. it Lad j,>urcna8ed a 
fX»t bui!dint; in ^:.■,ict4*|is Rial a ■mzsall fBV.r. in J.icxti^ian, taking 
ti'-le in the Joint, niMiieis of himu&:lt and t^if*, Tl*e O0£ai'ilai.inant 
#fe3 al\va:yy i»iitrufit^;ti by If.e 4<.f f:nc;ani ;^it.'. tiie fa>--.ily fura« 
>-i-n«, a8 far aa th«? record shc-^a, iiad bsen treatf^d up to tke 
lisic of the oeour.x'ence above iaentione^ wltr* fc'xeat eoisiJidei'a- 
tion by tfe«j 4sffentiant, rvrsa tucr© ijad feeen na qaDrrel or con* 
irov«r»y bat-sreen theai. At tho J^iearinf, tXiO ief en mf^t offered 
to receive tiie co!r.!.i»inp-nt as uis wife ruxJ iiv« '!?it;.. her and 
provicie for ner and g^ve f.r-r a Loiae as aoon au i^e coiuld re.ciove 
0T e;et rid of oruf of nis te/.;^.nt© ii^ tr.at \.i\ty cual<i occupy one 
of Ua& fl».t3 wiilc, ti.cy o,;n<sa. Th« cc^aapiamanl refuueu, rtov/- 
«ver» to any© n^nyl iri£ i. > -Is," vjitn defendant, <>na insiiitecS upon 
living separate and apart fror.i nii:., ; Tkc chmicejior, r^x the 
conolueion of tr.e rjearinj/., orator &6 a oeoree ci«?r.ylnf.! tii© cois- 
plf-sinsiKt ti'i«; relic-f aa.kt.d rc^r in ii?.;r bill* 

Upon a reviei» of tiie- *»vi;.e;ice ■«« iif-v« reacr.ad tae 
connlug.ion thai the c'yjsplain«f)t hsa no *<round ftvr tiie; relief 
miicii alJe seeka, C on ai deration luuat be ij-i'fen to ti.iS oii'Orturti- 



.1 ■■ < ■, a-i. 



' ■" ' • ■■'■ ■-' ■• "' 1 -' '• 









t -jv - 






tiea which the chancellor hf^d of obaervin^r the vfitnessea upon 
the atand and fciicir attit,u<^e' in the controversy an*.! the feel- 
ings and bias wnich ajpearttd in i-neir tfettiiaony, Theoe oon- 
aideratlona, taxen in connr.ction wit;; a review of the evi- 
dence, convince ua thfit, iht decree in thn cause ia Just and 
proper, ■;© uaeful pury>oae would be isubaerved in analysing in 
tUia opinion tL<? tcotiiKony of the parties arui -^iitnesaes, or 
exiiit>it int^; the details of iiie. controveray of record. It ia 
uufficifent to aay tiujv tii«: tsife» tnt- oo. pi ainant , is in tne 
wrong and is not entitled to live separate and av nrt froffl 'ae.r 
husbnjnd, -mio ia willing tc provide latr a hacie, Jie has ^-a ri^^ut 
to r<sfu.ie t ■ live wit;, hia son-in-lav/ and da.Uf'-hter at Higiileind, 
Indiaria, in view oi" tbc coritroveray ths?t took place lliere on 
the '47 In ijav of l^ctober, ISI;^, and of th?-: treat/sent ■v.Aca ae 
received on i.hat occaoion. ..'hat Uic acfcjuant sRid and did on 
taat occasion ¥?as unaer extreitie provocation, and tne defendant 
ti^ditfuliy considered uixsiielf asi being very outrageously treated 
by hils rion-in-3aw und daugiiter, ar;d -^ma sufficient cxcuae for 
uivi to fibnnoon niu rt-aiat^noe at ..iiHulatiis, indiai.u, and return 
to CLicago, uiu vif**, tnc Cv>ii.plH.in&tit , un;.:er the circu.s stance*, 
was, in l;i-w, bc>ua>.t to follow nim and allow Jaii^ to aupport her 
in Giiicago if iie c;r..oac to aelecl Uiat city aa hia |.-lace of 
residence. 

The decree in affirfaed. 






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526 - 199S1 
1 . 



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Ay CKiCAGO TiVlJi ASb TRU3T CC^^iAMY. / 

'■fyV : ) C>.UuT 0/ GuCK CCUJ-VV, 

% Appellees, ; 

on Appeal of .ILjLIA! AIXKK ct ftl, ) 



\ 






July 6, 191^:, the • »'iicagc iitl« .=.. .r -at Company 
filed a bill of interpleader against Alexarider P. taci'onald 
and rfillinm Allen. 'Ihe bill cset up that the. ccnapleinpnt 
had 414CC oncl a contrnct which could only be paid out or 
delivered on the jf'lnt order of ;;ccion»ld nnu Allen, and 
that they refused to join in ar- order and. each clEtimed the 
mon<?y, 

Tiae defendants eao; answered the bill , netting 
up hia cl.'iim. n hearing tae bill rma sustained and a de- 
cree waa entered, ordering tx^e coinpla inrsnt to pay th«sj aoney 
into court, <^ixict. it did, and the co.tiplalnant «aa (iiGJxisaed 
out 01' the court wiUi its coots. 

The defendants litigsted tucir rights ac between 
theraaelves on tiipir answers. he cause wbs referred to a 
ffiaster v/ho took proofs and reported that acLonsld was en- 
tltlc^d to the money and contract, Appellnnt Allen objfctod 
to the master' B findings but i/ie objections were OYcrruicd, 
The o'bjections vvere ordered to 3t;^r!d aa exceptions. On ho8.»- 
inf before the court thc-^ exceptions v.-ere uverraled, tiic n*ae- 
tcr'3 report approved, onU a decree entered in accordance with 
the mater's findinga. Allen prosecutes t..is appeal to re- 
verse the decree. 



J 



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% •'i- i '. ! 









Vhe oiaterial facta oi the cose as a^.own by the 
pleadings s?jid evidence arc t/i;^t on February X5, 191:^, Allen 
and :.ac -oncld entered into a v-ritten e^reejfient r/hereby Allen 
waa to sell arm convey to ■ ac Donald by warranty deed tne 
property kno^m as o. 564-366 ' ast 24tri atreet, hicego, aub- 
ject to .'A first mortt-;H.ee of ^1C,C;CC, due in i-'ebruary, 1917, 
with 5 -' Interest, and to a v6,Cf o ^aort^afcC due in ^Ybruary, 
191S, bearing int^'rest nt 5i i* 

JiacDooalci was to aell and convey to Allen by 
warranty deed b4( acres in Texas ^r.6 pjiy Allen 42,0vC in 
cush, of wiiich suoi #400 wriB to be deposited in escrow vt/itb 
the i.,nioago litle i: trust Cowpany, Mac^onald was to furnish 
to Allen, wi vnln ten days, prcpt-r aDatracts of tille to tue 
Texas Inna, auowing a good title to thf su;.e in ; ac: oriald, 
Allen was to furniaij a guaranty policy ehoy^^inf: tille in ven- 
dor subject tr. Uic aoove Ktentioned ericuiiibr noes. Deeds ^ere 
to be passed r>n<i tiic transaction clo;5€;d vutidn ten oLPiys. it 
was jjroviued tiia.t tiutfc vvob of tuf' essence of the agreeruent, 

Cn the game day an escrow agreeaenl was 3i^,ned 
by the parties •nhioi. provided tnat tur contract,, rtioney --'nd 
escrow agreerticnt were to be deposited y/ith the Chicago itle 
& Trust Cofl5p5'ny, lu be delivered ly it only ur.on tr.eir joint 
order, The pspers and sioney were dCj-oaited in accordance .vitli 
thp escrow agreement, it apreara taat the tr'^de woa initiated 
for iiacijonaldi by one liichardson, '/iio represented hi.-jaelf as 
a repJL estate broker, but • ac onsld was himself presf^nt ^ind 
signed the contracts an.l put up tne luonr'y, 

it Kjipear'j froffi the evidence thai in tht after- 
noon of th«' aeunr- iitxy , i-'erruory 1», 191-ti, Allen recalled that 
the interest on tJie first eiortj^a^e v/a« 5^.< iniitead of 5/i as 
mentioned in tue contract, he tnereupon called ;p : icnard- 
aon's office and left v/jrd about it. he next uay he t:ot 



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into coiQinurioation fiith ;.loho..rdaor. and told aiiii of the erioor 
in the rate of intereot. » f.'iio rf>que£jted JicluKrdson to see 
lacPonald mid inform biiu of liie inttrest error, vnc if tiiat 
laade any difference the trade would be dropped inKftedio-tely, 
Subsequently Allen asked Miciiaruson if nc had aeer. ' ac onald 
in regard to the- difference in the rate of intcreai, and 
Hiehardaon t ild toir , *'Ch, that is all rii^t, Dr. aoDonald 
will understand tii^t." 

i^ithin a few dayo of the aignini of the contract 
Allen procured a guaranty Tolicy for ^16, (OC, and subaitted 
it to feaOi,«nald» mxo Uimi Tor the fliat timt' vfaa informed as 
to the difference in the rate of intf.-rea-. on the vli^-i^-v'tj 
mortt;a4;e from the /:uara.nty pulicy. After oc jonrtld'e at- 
tention was ceDed to tf^e difference in the rate of intsreat 
between the jfiortfe^a^:© (mu the contract, he alj?ays insisted 
that Allen v/ould heive to tillO'^f him ;25t. on nia purchase price 
in order tc provide for the difference in the rate of intpr- 
est. The fflftttrr of the alio .'jxnce of ^25s nnd of the .•'Wftount 
covered by the ^ruarsnty policy becsuite a mstter of controvert 
between the parties at several Kcetinga i;eld in the e@craw 
room of the ..'nicago Title .?.-. Trust Company, ?'»c';onBld inaiat- 
ing that he jhould be allowed the ;;25i' difference in the rate 
of interest and that the tvuaranty policy furnished by /aien 
should cover the volue of the property instead of lacrely the 
amount of the enouiiioranccs thereon, ttaolionrild refused to 
complete the transaction uni.eas the difference of interest 
was adjuated by tiie payarient or allo'mnce to hiia of the ,;.<i5d, 
and unless the amount of the jiuaranty policy -nas increasod to 
cover the value of ttu- real esttrte whici* he was acquiring. 

The maister found and the decree of the court 
finds tiiat at no tise duj'inf-: the nei;o tiations did /Vllen offer 



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or agree with .aerjonalu to isdjuiit thcae differences, rsor was 
any tender of the money and polioy A»ade by Allen to acjonald, 

rhe contract had been extended by aiuiual agree- 
ment to ..arch 16, 1912, aad on ti^at datto the piirtiea ;aet for 
%ue purpose of closing tiie contract. At tiiis meeting, ac- 
cordini; tc the testi(i;ony, th« auove questions were discujsed 
and S.-acT;on»ld proposed that Allen m&k.e good the difference 
in the rate of intprest nnd cnrry out the contract, and that 
Allen decJinwd to accede to ac&onald'a requpsi and left the 
meeting, 

iiiubsequeritly the abatraots to be furniahed by 
iSE«cSonald rrttve placed in the hands of Allen's attorney for 
exasilnation, Several objectiona were r-^ised by the attorney 
to tne title to th«^ rexas Innds, socif of wijich -?/ore af ter-sards 
waived, but one objection yes not cured. 

Xt appeared from the evidence th«it the title to 
the Chicago property was not in Allen's nar-e, out vnu in the 
name of s. person by the nsuae of ..tinaon, to ^hom the guaranty 
policy ran. The anawer of Allen a-aka for specific pcrforja- 
ance of the contract, The ansiser of &acr»on».ld der.anda the 
surrender of the contract r»nd the return of the nioney which 
he hod deposited. 

The evidence tends to show th.->t at no ti/ne dur- 
ing the negotiations wbe there iny Eidju£5t,';i&nt of the differ- 
ence in the r&te of interest betweeti the mortgnge and the 
rate called for by the contract, and «.aoDonald deiaanaed a 
release of his depoait because Allen hnd refuaed to adjuat 
the differences between the parties in accordance T^ith the 
provisions of the contract. The decree finds thi't Alien at 
no tiice f-miished » guaranty polic.v proviaed for in the con- 
tract because the guaranty pclicy tendered by Allen did not 
show title in Allen; that KCLcneid ribt^tly objected to the 



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to the policy and to the dec:d and refused to carry out the 
contract because bh^ on account of the refusal of Allen to 
perfor^a Li a pa.rt tuereof , -hich failure ana r^fueal absi/lYSd 
kaclfOn&ld froitj cari->ing out the contract on hia part, and, 
ti)ta>t i-.ac;:>oiTiald w&© cntltjf-d to the repayment of tiie ^,4,400 
deposited, and /.lien i!.'a& not entitled to tne specific | er- 
forffipince of the contract, anu orders the disbureeniertto ol 
the money depoeitecl in ccurt in oocordancft r/itn tJae firu-iinge. 

Upon a revi©!? of x,he evidence in the record we 
are ol' t'ae opinion thot the cviacnce uuataina the raasstf^r's 
report mid the decree of the court, 

Appellant Allen could Kot dejfinnd tiat th«i con- 
trisot be Bpecifieally enforced for the reatjon th.i-it the evi- 
dence ahowa that vhe tit.ie to the larsd sientioneu in the 
contract «ss in i.ar.y ^,;tinson, »ho vva^ not a p.-tri/ to the 
bill. There >vas, therefore, a lack oi ajutuality in the 
contract which would prevent Allen frora obtaining a aeor^e 

of tspecific perfoniim^ce. ( t',^jS5?\_e t . _al.., ,v ?,. .:"-'.Mi'i^f:-A!".g,R, .® ^.. "1 » * 

au» 111. 12o), 

A furtner rtmBj.xi tii@.y be 'stated wiiy Allen was not 
entitled to a specific perforrctince of ti'ici contract, .he con- 
tract provides taat he vmo t'.> convey \'ac tiv.l«> to the ! hicago 
property by warranty de^d, rhe evificice Bhc^a th>*\. the Icfetil 
titlP was in ary .itinoun. A party tu a. oontract. for a con- 
veyance by ^warranty deed can not tender in conipll?ince with 
that contract a dead executed by n tiiird pcraon, ihe p^rty 
mito is to receive the deed under sucn contract ii3 dnlitled to 
have the pftr»onai covenants of ti.e person nuo a^rcid to convey 

na a farther security for hi a title, (Grabtree.^_e_t ^al_,. v ,_ ■^'^y* 

ings, 53 ill, 526;, 

The decree in affirmed. 



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^ ''^^* \ ) / 01' COOK CObSTY. 

■^ Appellarit. ) / 

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V m R aeparatp mnintenance proceeding brouf^it by 
appellee R^pinst appellant, an order v/ss entered . uly X4. 1^11, 
rcQuirinp th« appellant to pay the ^x^^ of .pl5C a aonta temporary 
alisony .^nd ^ii-^ aolicitvi'a tecs. KrciB Uiat order an aype&l 
was teicen by the defencant to t.io court ana an appftul b;.nd 
«9L8 riven in the sum of $2000. The order wsa affiri^ed by _--. 
ajTiothcr brarch of this Court ?»t uxe ctotoer ersj 191^.^'0» 
l^ovember 11, lVl.% the affiniiance of the /vppellate Court wa* 
fileA in the circuit Court, pnd on the 8«£ae day notice vma 
given to the appellant's solicitor arui an affidavit of com- 
plaint filed siio^ing that none of Uie instalments of alimony 
nor solicitor's fefs had been paxa. «na Uieii. there v»as due 
under the order of vUly 14. l^ii, 4425-. On lovei^ber 17, 
1915, it WPS ordered that the defendant Bx.ould aiiOv cuufie Kiiy 
^ he shouli not be puniai.ed for contes-pfc lor failure uo aa,Ke 

payment of Rli.'i'.ony and aolioitor's fees. <m April av, l»i4. 
the defensar.t was apprehended and br-u^it brfore txie bar of 
tiic court, vn^ ne waa at oin rvled to ^.ow cauae forUrvith «hy 
'l? he tihould not be: comitted to tne JRil of Cook oounty for con- 
\ ^f teispt of court in faUinc to pay olir^ony in t,he aur. of .4^5., 
y^' as required by the order of «uly 14, 191i, Thereupon the de- 
fendant w&e placed upon the -itncaB-suruid saa examined in the 
^7 presence of the court «nrt cros;a-exa/=.ined by c.vunaeJ. for com- 
pleinant and bjp^ethe court. 



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The appellant teatified tnat lie 'aas not in a i^aai- 
tion to ppiy the aliiftony awttrded and. n-id not oecti at any ti:se 
eince uie order waa entereu; triat he had hv^d vj^rioua amounts 
of money since tao order ■r/as i-.iHde, a.-iuetin5.ea ^ji^uv and aoj^iotiaiea 
up to 41^-^^ poaaibly; bvit he had uaed thtj money to pay living 
•xpen^es, office e^^penaes nnd pay intereot on hia indebwedness, 
wiiida tuuount&d to »ijtu,tu .v,, i.e fui tiner ttstified that he hcd no 
incojBiG froai any a.>urce; that he waa /iot eraployea yn salary; that 
ii? ?faa a pr jaot«.ir; that no interest had l)Qen paid on any of the 
securities ^hic»» he o?ne<i, ih<^ appelliiTit further tc;i»tiritd ttiat 
on tiiat day ha waa in pooition tu pivy v7v.> ©r .^175^ on uie uiiraony 
decree c'j-iJ aot fail on other inUebledneas -A-Uicv^ he OiV«d aii-l 
which vaa due, 

He further testified that the coriplfiinant hPd ^IS^'O 
in inoney •7Lici;. iie had fiven liez- ;?jid alie h;?<i lo.viied the; cioney; 
that she rise had .>50,C',c; of stock whicr. he had e-^'vx-n hnr and 
which cc'ul:' be s-.ld rendily for 5>15,ClO, Appellant was adjadged 
in contempt m-id ordered t,. be coz-iCiittfea 1.0 jail fov six niontha 
or until he ahall iinvc paid tlit auc. of .^ASSI) to co^p^'^'-i"''^'^ <>r 
be relefised l»y due f vccsjiB of law, V 

Upon the sho-ain;? EJade by the apv:«illant in rtaponse 
to the rule to ehow cauee, & iurgoiity of the court vhii:.k it is 
apparent - ini^ecd, it it. tindi5-uted - that tht. secu^ritifes owned 
^y appfllrjnt ar; pxoiij.Liu^ no ij-coafc &nsi. iuv«f,r have prouaced any 
income, £x:a labt. liiv l&ir.ds .;hicij he juCh&uulea ixi i^i& testi/4-»ony 
produce no inc^iae end atc encu^Rhered; Luux. i^ia etjuities Uitrein 
Etre very suaall; iJ.s indfebtedaiess is Itrfee; he hrjs no ealfrry or 
inc^osfc frox^L eny ayurce out of *iiich to pay the Ifctrfofe award of 
alimony made in U^e order of July 14, 1911, 

This proceeding.- iu rtj effort to uoe tne pot^er of 
the court to compel the appellfsnt to pay a iiioney decree in 



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favor of coftipl&injint, srhere t*it eviaeiACO kitto«B failure to pay 
Uak aecree and tue ulsob<:.ajut.iice of viic uidur of the court waa 
the result of lippeilfnt.* u pecuniary inability, ona iJut the 

rcBuit oi '«iiful uiisobedierice or wilful viol, it ion af ti»e 
cowrt^s order, in .uine ^. ¥_. liiQ 4Co ^ jjl fe, 7u =ii, l^o, Uie 
court aaid: 

"•ft iii aeciai'od in tan GOliOti.tuk-i^:>Il tastt no 
rteraon sueli b« iispriaoned for deiat orilesa upon refaeai to 
deliver up nis cataie for uiie bentX-it of Jtii« cieuitovs in 
aucii jftanner as Si^all be prc8cribe4 by lav-y, or ir* cases wtiere 
tiiert: ia t'trcne, preaxuption of fraua, 

"Xu the o««e of iiH^it'TAi-^J-Jl I^Jr. 5J.' ?• li'UtiAvSSEE* 
56 ill, -j^^t i^ *«■» Siiiici oy tai« ouuxt: 'isiveri if a court of 
cii«ncery has th« rower to caii>.-^.iit a party for failure tu oosb- 
ply aitjfi aiiy «i«oree, axjd ti^ere id no otuer ei^*-^"^' ^'*>jf ir«6«>xd- 
Ing lii.a as in coni«.-pt, the rpj.edy see;;** to ue uaxoii and 
sxiould noi '0-9 rsKorbea tu ui'<ie»iii tiriefe .^x& no otii<i:r re&aonable 
Bi e An a for i 1 3 er>t ^ re eii. e n t , ♦ 

"In a Inter c»set while tUe pov<er ol ocui ta of 
chancery to eoiri tit for conte. ot in a proper cuae was conceded, 
yet it, waa urifcr* iieid it aas not, pruper for a court oi equity 
to impciaon for conte.fpt on a failure of a ^Tortv to pay a 
tiioneyed deofee ai:le.»a tite disoosdierice w&a ?»iifui, ( ' Uallaguan 
i* .^'ya^J ?>-ffl3Ri 69 ill, of>;J;,* 

1^ t-^^* f-; ,* CP :ilftt<?^?'lJ, ^»*« ^^** court staved in its 
oi4'^io'™ tiiP.'. mien !h p?5Tt,y ^-as ttoupht before n court on at- 
tachment, it v^ould be auf/icisiit tu cntlt-le him tu l&e di»- 
cJrtarged to sxio^;/ Lir*st his, diaobettienct* had not been wilful, 
but ris.» Bclfly oc RCttounl of iiis pfecucl£^ry inabilitj or some 
other vaisforturiC uver vshic/t ht i^ad no contrul. xu thai caae 
the court uaid: 

The court is ei.pov/ered to puiiish ,,-ilful disobe- 
dieuo« in such caaea by ih^priaoniient, but we t^ ink the opirit 
of OUT conati WAtion forbid*» thax, tut pecuniary inability of 
a p«rty, not reaultint: fi'oni iiia fraauulent corjouet to pro- 
duce uiat condition, caimot bt;.> piinished aa a conttaapt by 
iiiipri sonsMm t • ^ 

la ^>lake tt. T he leo ^ pls , 6w ill. 11, it w»a said: 

*^hil6 triis exti'Horumarv i*o>v«r is oonctrdfd to 
rest in Vne courts, it ia nevert/ieless subject to t/iia liail- 
tation, ijitapoaed oy the conati tu^ion, /lir- 1, a p.-AX-ty ;,';ay xioi be 
impiijiuned except ia chses .here it aiiall apjear hfc haia the 
pecuuinry ability t.^ rnatle him to coiuply witii the decree and 
his aisobedifc=nc© ia wilful. * « ♦ Whrre tiie neglect or re- 
fusal to perform ti;e decree is not froia mere contu^sacy, but 



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but from the want of mestaa, the rsei^t of misfortune not in« 

duced t'-- ari5' frauoulent coniluct en tJ'-c part of the dcjfeodant, 
tne party sill be coffipelled to adopt some ruode other tiim is- 
priaoninrnt to f-nforcc thf^ ciocree nun=)iyt) nt rit'. t-i. ;:!-.ctxce 
in the courts, eitner by execution or other final proccass, or 
by sequestrntion of r<^8.1 or ncreonal tat.tt'?, cr by U.t: «x«tr- 
ciae of sucii pos«r» as pertain to courts of chpincery, and 
v/hich mav be riec6Has9ry iw tut rttnitini.'.;;t of jui^cicc, kl is 
not perct>iv«d in what reeprot decrees for ali&ony differ from 
other decrets Tot the j.-pyrfir.t of ricne^ . iiiiju'i ;. : lU. cii& Tor non- 
complicaoe therev/ith, unless wilful, or unleaa upon a refusal 
of aef ^nc.^nt , uron pr-'X'er ds.r.s-nd r;.adc, to u>>^i iver up iU^i es- 
tate in eatisfactioti of the decree, is witnin the inhibition 
of x'na condtituMon SiV^inat iti-prl!af?ivicut fox debt." 

in t]i«» opinion of a Biajuiity of th: tourt the 

case bofore us comtis "yithin the .rule ucclMreu au-jvti, .fuji? oe- 

fendsint .'ho-^e<3 oy l^is t-- .itlf.vonv tlxat hr ?t/i8 !An?')le to pay the 

decrcs; that uia failure to pay it -ssa nol. vtilful, i-ut resulted 

froR-. hia pecuv;i£>ry inability. There ia nothin,. in th« record 

tJiRt iii^rtx'ovf'.ti or evt;n eonti-adicts any atatet^jent ^lade by ap- 

pelXimt in hi.** tesfciis.ony in rea on le l,> the rult„ .o ai>'>arently 

Slakes a fvtll exiiibil. of nil hi-.-- property, real luid personal, and 

it iftust, thtrftfurte, be reoi'X'osd ss a fair -nd caiidi4 fc?:Cj, oaition 

of hi£ monetary affBirM, ?Ue cr.iit;-, -.s ruxbe by Ui<.r rtccid, does 

eiot Justify the impx-iaonuKml of -ippclj sir.t. Tht; order u^peuled 

froffi ia reversed, 

IT, Justice C-ridlcy dissents. 



I;- t.- 



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UltJAAM, ECKERT, / / 

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fhi.4j is 8. cause invoivxafe e»jLlf!.i.fei-fU.i^ Uit-^ caa» 

U.ij> uourt in i:offi3im v, t^tewart. ei f.l,, 184 ill, Ayj;, c;6, 

■^iU in UiO opiniar* as' tiic iircisssi; Aypellntis- Court hi croas * 

3tr»ctr4 in las III, Apji, 30^, vswJn^ Ur *• tUfffercno* iii Uie 
eviuftjice aaducsjil in Uj.catc e^ises rCfS^-cctivel*^, tii© Courts ace& 
ti? have t.ak«r. a ;iiff«rr:rit viea c-f Uie tMtture o' tae ua:;c-i"taKi«|- 
iti (5U««tiso, rr,.ieh<*fer ^it-v,' it- oorrect,, iuo»fvt*r, tecre ia no 
Justif icntion that ^e can »5ee far Uie JaaKS-^^it iis ta* case &t 
bar afj;Rir3at, r.d»«T<l i;« ^:jSiri"iocf «^r, w^io, .vfter a su;i;:,«ns ajsji sr* 
order if* strife rmwie a.,=*inat i»ie t:o*pj.a .ril-ifi » in Rrr-- r, .jt?i'»?irt 
aad T!iOiiif.i&on, iii proisfCti -iiji, l--iB i^rit oi firrar a-icKc and io 
iiis own ot'hitlf t , -'^''^ 

court uei;: iB tj.c.e o,-.a© rcpw-.trii in i^.i^j ininoia^ ;S€K.-,» ".ar* 
^^scfer is ce'i-taiiiij :.iet ii«tlc in L.irf suit, ^cac.^ t^s a^jrar- 
eetly ^sised on ti.e Lueor.y viiis^ he vvas « pjiirtner »ith .,tevmrt 
tftid '.''-M,«-j>son, if, oa tun- QUi€-r tt- dg wariiofefer ccwtld be iicl«i 
to i;nv€ bee--: a prtrt/ier at si'^y iltae sitii .^te^^rt and iUoi.::|i3cn 
by virtue af tue contrae'v of -iepl#«;ber i, IVii, (wcJLcii -s-ae 
tae .-Jir/JLj: one p^«^Juc«»<S in eTi4er-.«e in tUe c=^ae »t inxtj sto the 



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J. v:^- •■3-\»feJfawu -^ ; ttj THT^tiv Yd 



Court i)Qv.ivated he i^ifiAt iH tii.e -ppisiioti in 1«4 ill, App. 66, 
iie Gertaiinly *a&s not, a part.r.€r ie -^uly, ItUl, sufiv, Ufee cim* 
tract b«!tT»e«f: t£i<:; plsintifl" ?.?.ed ailliaa /i, Thoispsan i^^as ^w:;de 
OB ;;?itieii tiiis auit is f i>u«£i1..ca; nor '^as ii^ a partr^fcr m-xeo ok 
felte 2CtU ©I" August t^e f-Jsintiff, aw tie test if it a, dej';SLRd.#d 

«d worjfCtfeeorsti&f:, » t,i:*est:r«; * tabards Uic fe»4 of au^'^s''' ^^*^ 
the b«gimii»#, of ^frptesiber," 

Tixerife i8 notiiirji.; *a inia c^tte v.i-lci-.- briEi^a ife 

V, £»t©oByt et feii,, lfe4 iJ.i, Api-'* "S'-* *^fs -J^f^eidcd, 

"it la true," ®e aaibi in tn&t <jj:5»s, "tuat & i-er" 
nan wiiO enters iutiJ pii«'s.«er&*ii|? v^itij ajiOti^er uofs «ot vn«jreby 
bec«as»e liable t;> Ui«i erediuona af :ais :.artr>fer fur tmyu^ag. 

tiis niie. c^n* is Uisl- iic-r« & coiitraot i.>.',4« by a i=e'fSQ« c-r 
tiriu i-er^isiria exeeutory until a pssrtrieyahip ia ereated or a 
n^^ partrjer is M;,4.tt*^3 into use fir®, ff| ti| aa^^ ,S£E!i£S£l 3iM^ 
J,t. Xjg^jgj^a^ ^.^iji^cHtofX i*i fisSupteci b,f the inc*£'.ln^ |uirti.*?r •* * a 

i» til*; K-Ofjfi:*afi C«tSJ6 t'i^e pl«itttifl, vriiO ',3^© su", ac» 
play i'. tiis t.i»eatre, di<i i^ot bc|j,itj ic execute it tuatil fsi'ter 

oiisi fc-r «?nicii ^i'au.-:i8©£»^ w&,e 'r%Ka«;reu * ;44"X - ^» j.>iiid to tiie 
pl»iMtitT ia tlic fojTss of fs pX'. ;ii saorj? note aign»^jd by Ti^SiSj;*-3n 
ufiUer ti.t* «a..:-<i of a *C0i5&p-Tiny,*' jVltiiOUiifc in one jt-Iesc- in ius 
trat,xs«OKy t^,<;- ^i. ale tiff aaid h'- "still ix»4 um fsatf-,* in 



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as a jAiiai 8«ttlc£i«!Ht' fiE-a tii&t iit^ "slid not nssw ©t7n Uie 
aot©«* 

Jt is net Rfr-eese&ry ti; eiiseves ifce quest icr cf 
how -ar fm unpaid aiiu di»iieriijrfcd not^ -iuil &<• coaatcere^ 
f>ey»;erii uefeween u;c parties, it ia cevt-^in tuai cKt i^io 
tsi,«!« & ri&te it5 payigfint arul njisi^oa^* of it to a i- r«-Si^-ably 
intioc«nt pux-caaser, ca« not, «iule ti^A^ note is ouisstsftiitiiKg, 
ritcc^er ji jaa^^aect st:.ais&t Uiff tisiier on ?.ii€ ori|,gtns.J coRsiaera" 

=«€ iiavt. received go l^rii-t for tiie tlef ea^ar.t iia 
error tma ot^n not iell on i'hfi^ hi: rftli«s to au^tain ts3^ 
jadi.;a.£.-ftt»* if i=& thiaka it siicniid tc ©U3ta.ined, 

Tiicre «pj>fi&jr» ipnoucr; in i;^« record it? ^jonvir^cc 
ua of tJufe sc-ntrmi-y i^ropeijiilou, T-t^e- j-a4i-^e?s-t i& aec©rdlrif,iy 
y^vtrsed a»4 the as^usis n^t.aiided. 



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/ 

.iHRfeR^ant in krrir, | 
vs. \ n 

\ / 

iieuv-iifii) mil iiiti^iQi of tk^- c^^U/S. 

'tae plaiiutif* belo^.?, ?ei.c i^ the* cief «frjvi&i3t. in 
error hEr*5iri, on t-ctatoer li, lylS, ob'.aintil a Ju<l4;taenl s^aiaat 
tii^? tiefestiftris. bPlo^, pIsiBtlff ifj error here, for ;;«i;i,5C in 

sn sc%ion of assu&psit on the verdict of a Jurr/ ti^ '"i.icii con* 
fiictiuji; evidence «»,s sub i tied. 

lot of i:*»ts or tiocds al3€.|i«;-i to iisve befen pureiissed fror* t^*,e 
piaAntiff by th«? jef^nd&iit :'ec<tRibPr ;iS, I'fc^lJ, '^" 

TUe dcfftnca^t sayo In iila argusst'^t bf;fo:f# us 
^iittl tue iss\>c t»aa wh^^ther the transaction vas.aa ti aiificd fro 
by vl»iiE>til'l" s sj^itneas, Rn nt-a .lute oraer for aefirsiteXy 0r<€«i« 
fiett fjuRr.titi^a of certain c:lori* Cif aoosis, ej » 5>s cit'sii.vea by 
t'ae defendant, *.%ri apsn or ca-;iaitioRal oro-t&r y>ig.i>l;/ setting 
asidfl t-^€;,iiyf J ve cieKea hr-^ju^ h-ot^de fyr In^er scjf^ctiea ana 
iate.r sjiij.iag i{ii»iru&tloi}a to te« i^:i^es by ?jef ei.-d^Ti •- ' a dev.-:"rt- 
j&#at 'buyers 5Rf;j;en they rf-^CMe-d Ciiics^.o* ::« elsv* »»ya tii« eifA* 
dSKce oc tae isssu® -sa© '-verv conflicting,* 

Thlfe 3it-jRti?^s l'^ one in '?nic>i tii.e cleeiBxen of «t 
jury ia rj*rtie->-lariy vftXuaols, in t.-.,ia cj^se it I'tur.d for tj:;e 
plBlntlff, -nu are set: n^; r^^s-son to dieturfc th# -f«ris=ict <>r tii© 
4uuf.3.i-est ba#«d c-n it si? fax as tc* «<feip*i. cf ti^c «vide?.e© i« 



■A^..i^l:->.^ ...•4 



. .i. . ■'■: ■■-.:. .': . l.si.9 "i "'J^. i 



in ftueatioR* 

'-'fc<? ec-ntpntion of the appeiiarr»t ijidecd is, not 
Xhnt tjis evioenc*^ ra i'- stanao Ut-'iB aot stip$.-ort the Vf:raict., 
tout thst *tnf C6uri so conducted tlie tri-a Uistt tLe? funetioaa 
of Uie jury «i*e virtuaily ia>:eri nway, e.no ai'ifRirljf" sv, in 
tiiftt tiie Cfsse ^iis in forj* awbsdtlcd ti ti»€ Jury, mAl^ is 
fact tiie ■»er^.i«t sms pr&c*vis?®-.lly diri-cted anci the »i reliant 

nls C'-tae &r.Q frs^ tiaviss^ his vereisn of the transnctions in 
question placed before the jury.''* 

.v«! uo not conijii'er th^-se crXticlrjitij* of the rul- 
ing^e arid cocdiict of the triftl Csurt justified by tUe record. 
Vsrlous ruliftfeiS excludinf: offers fc.:.- tJ.e erfeiiaant sjsd ^Uisit- 
tinr evldsmce t«jid#i'«d by ih.^ jlaintiff ure epeeifi^ft as cfe- 
jpctioneble. It tjoulfi nerve no u&c:fuj purpose to t^ke ttiSiai 
iip in d«tall, «'l&bo?p-i«'ly && tfcey hav« >>««■» er^ued oy tlie 
l-leirjtiff is error, Tii^y nrs mostly fesstsd on a vi©?;- ijf s?hat 
ife eofepste-iit evidertce mac;- ss^te iiljeral iUaa isccerds «ith ttee 

transectiose '#aer# orders were ctwieeJlea ans u.e c&ncellatioR 
^■^8 aocep&ed, eauld not, he properly introdue<fe4 e\s tuny^^-xTi^, a-ny 
lisi^i Sfs Ui€ e&se fc& i&sr. Nor sraa ii>«cre a;.y rsateriaiity io 
Uie CTideiice ^lici* dcfenoant tried ic introauise, tijftt tiiere 
sras a qorroration of i^^iic*- he 3rb president ic iouigville, 

iVe do not ?.r,in?. t.*i« -.rial s^'ucJge err^d in i.is 
ruliKtvS or? eridfence or in &ny re.-^arka tliiit iie laiuie dvrin^; tii« 
trial. 

Cesplaiet iii aade that U^e inatracticns *er« in- 
correct. The -tl^f sn mft in error iijaistr. ti;ai. n. avftoific ;;b- 
J»ctioeo to tli» or»I caarge 'a^prft sssde befall the jury re- 
tired, siid ■v:>At iaiis is iii itself fst?sl to tii? ;i«irit4rr 






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In error's argusicut on tiils roint hvre, it im- ciuiW tra« tJ^nt 

MS ffxeeption to an or-al cixarge sL-ould pciat out iVy-^cifi(iu.lly 
tiae portion of U:e ch^^rfje otojet'tc-d to juid. *l=ical4- be iS&4,« b'i'— 
fore tJi^ jury lr?»."?»5 tiic boic. 

• eoararo v* slberg, ^46 ill, S5; ^ 

i-RSislna V* Haalcinsg 57 ill, 44£j; 
B«-nt Y, l-*urnald, 1'50 111, A:pp* 55S, 

hi»i!?evfcr, JcKves it st^aifithat doubtful ;i3 ta vi^c- sr-der af t-r<j- 
ceedings. It ^ould seeja s.ii©u*;.i4, s,-*©.;. before ti.e J^ry were 
orally eaarged, th*? coun*eX for i-ls-intiff an^i 4fcfer.da.nt isay 
have r«tir«tl »ith tr-t- trial Jua^ tu Gii&,iiljer»» aut of ibe 
pr«»c;nce of the Jury* *tnd Uisre had li-'i arjjusicrnti »n tfi© icatru^ 
tions %& be *aveji» an^ Ui©t certsjln atjcaticris feere tii<!r<» :s^de, 
if tiist v>'a3 t-iie cnoe, tb^ Ju^S*" ^^"'^ "^"'s^ tipj-©3't«riit^- to 8„-:.end 
or correct t£;e inotruetiotite h*- i.ntena«:d- tc- gi¥C, Ti'i&L he ;*my 
ii»v« sucii an opportunity is tls« reason for tx^t rule at^ted, 
v?« havft givers the .Plaintiff in ^rror t-he fc«jrj«rf*i ^1' Uiia dou^t 
ftxnd eo8sii^«re<S aie aitj^etifins t;j taa ch&.t^€ min4 kiXm &rg?u^ent 
<m tfee ssxe ao ViiousJ' tfeey IsM bee;; ifi every reape^st taken rytiu 
urged in tiat, isut as appii«4 to the f':.et3 of *,al3 c-^ae as 
deTelop#<S &:/ the «ifideBce» we ae« so reversible ^rror <^itiicr in 
t«c io&tructioas trmt vmre iviven f-r Ik I.a« refui^fai of Uiose 
Ui»t ^«rft refUiieo. 

The JudiSient of the luRieipal wo^rt is fiffir^^^ed. 



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:,70 - 20507 



AUC-uJTii V.T.KDP], AdT.inis tPKtrix ) 
of the Lii^tnto ci" 's:.LLA :^}::^.J£, } 
decec.sed, j' 

) Ail J' AT, W-CV CT CuIT CCUiJT 
) 

Chicago city ;aAIj;vay coriA^^Y, ) 

a corporation, } 

AppcJ la-nt . ) 



■MI. pi:L;iiDiKG JUoTxc:::: b:o,v^ 
DLLlVilKZD Tj..:, Olii:iOi; 0^ Tuv. coir/,??. 

ThiiJ appeal Id fro;:, a juci;j;:i.C:i-i I. o"" t.ii.-; circuit 
Court of Cook County for ihree :'>..oa6?...-;cI X;GjJrxri; in f^'Vcr of 
A.ugusxe v.'ende, c'.d,.-ii.iatratrix of li'.c ilb t.'.!.i,t: oT E2JL.a V/er.de„ 
deceaaca, .-'nd ri^jLxnst tiic Ci-ic;;ii;;c City r.ail voy Co^.^-rny , who 
v.'as aefeiiaant Ii3l0 7; ana iii i'\>^.cllcv.'c hcrt. 

Vile auit was brouf-it uncii-r t?.o "Cr='..p1;clX Act" 
of the btG'-^o of illirois oy the ad;-ini3tratxi.x of ^Ij..''- ".eride 
for tVjc benefit of her next cf i^xn. Liv.t cri^'-;i;-..'?.l declara- 

tion in four counts v.-ac filed Aut-ust !(,■ , 19.11. A d ;:•:..•;•. rr-jr 
to thi^ dcnla^:^tio^ ond croh count thirecf hiivir;,: uccn siia- 
tained, nx\ aL'.ciuicd declar-iticn i:. four coar'tc \yaf? f ij od 
LovefT.Toer I*,,, 1911. In caoh of tht counto oi" this a'ucnded 
declaration it ■'-vas charged that tae def enon.'-t , t;-;e Chica^iO 
Oity llaxlv/sy uc.-ip.-^.ny , on " ay I'l, ll'lJ , "d.v ttr- ne, 1 i • c-nce 
causevi tae deati. of 7. 11a .,t>nde, r^ t!:irl of t}\r- ^■:;e of niriO 
years, y;hile she \7a3 aL te.-r.pLin^^ to croso the tr^.cl-cc of xhe 
defendant at or ncr.r u^e intersection of oOth r-.ncr .uiitinc 
strec-ts in lac- oity of Chicago, 

The fir^. t count char^.'^^o. ^int tr^c dtfonaanx "cy 
its oervp.'.ta '^o carclosrO^y, nenl A ft i. r,ly r^nd i./prop-rl?/ virove , 
rcano^-ed and prorelled" n certain ti-QlIcv err thav. it ran 



dov/n r-nd Icillrd J 11a V.'endc. 

'ihfi yecor.d count specif iei tne Mlltjfcca ne^';;! ij-;encG 
in iiiPriOf 4-nc; the car to "be "ckrit the Gcrv?'nto in c:.nr^:c of ^nici 
car in a.}<proao'ij.iiii\ the oo.,'. d cruiisina lirovr,-. r.s c'uctl270 iitrect 
faiicci tc riri[-; tiie gong or give auy vYaniin';; ci the a^., roriCh. 
of said on.r at or iicar tiie iiaid crosGin^;"; t.L^.-xi the j.iot'jr.T.an 
of eaid cai- "faj-ltd to j'ive './arr.xn.v', of LJrie .^;ir.ro::.cx. of ^aid 
car to tiioae va^o v;uie '(,11^^ nua Liiore about to cross said 
tracks at or neax* Justine street," 

'•'he t.-iro CD-.nt al] e;,,ed "Ihnc ta:; sr:.i6 dcfvendant 

oy its st;rva;/cs ,ver£ ihc;'. rnj t:i£.rc,: clrl V- i\"; i:"i an rinstc-rly 

airection a ctx-Lain trolley eiir alrjYi': t,hc said ''..si. cOth 

streeL -^^ ijnu \vhils the said c.C'.v'.,a.'C'i, ■'.ll.-) ..cndp, •• v/iti' ouc due 

cart; aval dilironce of a chljd of '.Inc. y^.- are c/' :\:c -".'vs )*• at- 

ter.iplinf: to cross tho trae;cs cl' the saicl dcfrrjoaat , said hlla 

Vvende fell oircctly in front of th-- fender in frsst of the 

saia car" and "that at the ti.cic r'forosairl there wr^ n vr.:lid 

existiij,'; ordiiiar.cc of t"sc sniu i..ir,7 of Chicat.o vhi cii zriade it 

thf cuty of the ^Jcf e:;aa:-. t to rrc\iOo a i/s*^fi,l cxio efricirnt 

.'..nd serviceable fender, "-ao uinz at !-he saiu tiirf- ;jad pl."ce 

Lhore were valid existing city ordia'..aces , v/aicJ:: orainfi.acea - 

r^re in tuc •:!oi-ila as fjllovvs: 

'•Jcc. lOGo. 7L:h;j>'B3. ' liv^ry ;o~rsciri or cor^.ora- 
tion controllini];, operating, or Ov/ning any i-.tv.--:et raxXvay in 
tj.±c City Si^all equip rr;d p:'OVj.ci* ^r^c : r>/:;i .^-'ct-/ :;ar uii^r-d on 
suci,, street rail^vay •.vii.ii fciit\0':y;i of str.cl nji oF .".}io l)3s>:ct 
kind, which said fenders sliall >v:i -.xCoai.nni.i: i.ly attached to 
fc/ic front izid of suca car so -•,5 tu ,-ninrd passe.'j^iOrs or podes- 
triana from beint:^ injured or throv/n r'.vic'ier ifa^- •raer-:! 3 of tho 
car in case of a collision or other acoi'::snt, '■rvjvi^.-od, x.ioa- 
ever, tj.a.; .vh^rs such cars pr-: operated in trnin.;- or wdic'rc 
such car is attncr.ed tc a crip car or other oac ssr;a fender 
need only bo provided upon Ihe i-vi]j cnr or I'ront car or .-uch 
train." 

Also: 

"An ■ rdinnncc Authorising the Chicr-.^'O City Railv 
v.'ay Co. to construct, aain.ain and opc;rate. a svstca of street 
Kailv/aya m streets and lublic Vays of the City of CMcago. 



(iafjued by the City ('ouncil of tue City of dicf\iy:i ;'C'b. 11, 
10^7.} 

;-ec. 10, Al] ciir:j iidall "be equip;. cd v/itl^ effi- 
cient and serviceable fer'dcr ut.-vic<:3. hr.r>''.l. j j- !•':.!: rnS ori^d- 

ru'd that "it boca;-./e and was the duty of t/ie dcf c.Ti^lr.ril. en ob- 
serve ivnd confoT.T. to tbv? naid City ardinrxancs n/. '3 v,n iiavo upon 
its; i3;;i<i car a ]:.--o>*?r, u:iefiil nn.t ^ervicsn.ole r.r:d efficient 
feu ■-".CO.";" that "if the said uef c/KAant iind co.T;plica vith the ordi- 
naDCC3 aforooaid ;'.nil hr.d hc:d auch a f<;:';c;er ■j.y:.-r. tiic cn.i', V:lla 
'j'ende woulJ not have been i:iiicu or 3ericu:",ly iiijurcd; thai on 
thci contrary 'such n f^'■r;der v/o--ld hnvc protected c;nd ^r"i:a the 
clece'i'.ied, " but, triat zlic Off en-h'-nt "failed t-o c^^. ;;!;,■ v'ith tixc 
tennn of the t;r.id cit^^ ovCir.nr.cer, r^rid l\c.6. tl-cn '.r.c .h.-.ro j> on 
tlje zniuctiT rTi old, defective, ui^cler.f:- and non-i-f f ici^jnt fen- 
der^, urid "the snicl fender vu.^<n Vi-e dec':;a:-r:d -oi-.iC-. :.t r:-:iled 
to I'/orl: properly, vhereby tic boc-y of i/iaifit iff ' j .i.:ite-> -o.te 
was per.idttc.'d to r;ct ur.der tr.c tri;cic£ and ether r.arts cf chc 
car and thereby the }-.lri;':ti ff c ir.tccita.t'i •-•;'. hili^.d.'* 

The fourtj:i coujit , '^.-jiici;, niitf^ed u^fce^^i ir. the 
roadbed of the defer.cunt, v;n,3 d'(;!rin;' th.e triM.l v/ithdrr.v/n by an 
order of dioc ntinua.ncc an tj the o^i'-c, -:;;^dr: ;.l zhe ;.:i..>t:u';cc 
of the plaintiff, on'.i nt.c-a not be ■■"ut^h'^r i:;i:itionca. 

It ;iiny bo noted ct odco ala;* thr. t -.ve u^ r^ot t^^irik 
the verdict ear. be r^iiattdned or the j-j.'.\,:aer.i n,ffir;.-cd, if i^^iiey 
are to rest on tlio fivat or ueoond counts oH w.'. deci r:-.rc:.::ion, 
"C fnil to 3ee in the cvidcn^;c juotif.; cc* i03: fc:.- :: bhlic-f 
that there vas nejT^lirenoe in orl"g,in(. o.v r:c.:'r:,'':ini,: the ce.v, or 
neglirence cfi-usinr, tiie accident in r f.'riji.rc "to rxiii; the t.ong" 
or "^ive any varnin;:" of the r.r? roach of saia c£-.r." 

7/e do not thinlc there ■.v.tg rA;,rf icier.t evidence frojj 
v/uicn tiie jury could j^rop rly nolc, in fccc cf tiic r:d.ver:.;£ tc-s- 
thnony of eye -.'i tnosaes , that the .riOtor.'r.p.n \.-nz , v.c ' re, ^i^roule 
caya, "stooping down" r.t the time the i^irl wr.s stjiiicjc. 'ihe 



great "/■elegit of the evidence sec;.. 3 to ua to chov; that he v;c.3 
attending properly to his duty, thnt the cax" •^va.'o not ranning 
at an i;r.proper rate of speed, that (even if the tciitiijony is 
to "be coniiidered contradictory as to -./iifcthcr the gong was 
ringing) there was no auch reason to ring the C-O^r. ^^ to raals 
the omioGion to rin,- it ne^flit-ence; ti.nt hen he did h^rve 
reason to know the danger of the little .'irl, he tried to 
warn her and did every tnin^; in his pov/er to ^-.top the car. 

If the first and oecond count a were the only 
ones in the cnse, we should be couipellcd to hold citiier that 
the jury uhoulu have beoxi percii.ritorily inL;tructed for the de- 
fendant or that the verdict s^xould hn.vc been oet raide by 
the Court on the i:.otion for a new trial, on concidersatlon of 
the wci(jht of the evidence. 

The third count of the declaration presents to 
us a different question. Tne def en '.ant vigorouoly contends 
that ^aid third count is not tmd ho a not been a /;jatter that 
can be considered, since the overruling on oepteruber 15,1913, 
(before the trial bef^an) of a de:iiurrer filed "oy the plaintiff 
to a plea of the Litatute of 'i imitations filf-d by the defendan 
"to the T'iiird Count of the /ifaended 'yeclarn-tion as aue/ided," t 
quote fro.',, the lan^juage of the demurrer it^iClf and of the pli 
itself. The p]aintiff, as the record sta.tes, "elected to 
stand by demurrer," and the defendant with plausibility 
argues that Inizi was the end of the natter so far as the 
t^xird count was concerned. 

iiut the question involved can hardly be dispo; 
of so suaa^aarily . undoubtedly re£;ular ?;.nd correct forL^s of 
pleading aad procedure v;ould have required sor.ie : urtn.er aiu 
rcent or some leave to file an additional count after the d* 
rcurrcr in question had been overruled and election icode to 
stajid by it, if the intention of the Court -were (as it plai; 



v;as} that the "third count of the rrionded declaration", not 
"ao a-jjended," but aa it v/as before the last ajuencL^ient , ciiould 
stand, 'i'he plea bcinij ostenaihly filed to the vviiolo count 
ns finnlly ac.ended, when the plaintiff ctocd hy her de.-..urr3r 
to that pica there was, under ti'ie strict rulcn of pi evading, 
no iasue of f.-..ct loft on that count or any part of it for the 
jury to try. Uut the strict rules of pleading v/ere not fol- 
lov/ed. 

The count as it firut stood in the a.T.endeJ doc- 
■ Inration we tiiink '.vould have been bod for duplicity if tratcd 
by a special dc;.rarrer; but it v.-as not so tested, but had been 
on January 8, 1913, although the other counts of tiic £.;:.cnded 

declaration had been dei.airred to, ixiet ^oy a plea of not tjuilty 
by the defcnaant, ario on the 2wth of yei.>ruary, I'^lo, the plain- 
tiff had filed a si; li lit or to said plea. 

Vhe count as it stood v/hcn iaaue waa thaii joined 
on it has oeen hereinbefore fully .abstracted. Cn April 2, 
1913, leave v/as ^iven to the plaintiff "to sjrietid the third 
Miended count in tiic declax-ation filed in 3aiu cauoe" and a 
paper v/ns filed entitled in the cauae and he.aded: "A^aenckient 
to 3rd Araended Count," It proceeded: 

"On page 0, laot para^^ro-ph extending on i;a£c 9 
of /iiaended i^c-claration striice out tiie folloving: 

Jec. 1905. FiOKDi'Iiii," J^Then f oil ov/s the Cectic 
as Y/e nave before given it) 
"and insert in its place xhe following: 

Section 2165. i'ZuDiU'.o: ilvery person or corpo 
tion controlling, opero.ting or ownint"; any street I'ailv/ay in th 
city shall equip and provide ea.ch and every car used on such 
street railway v/ith fenders, -.Yhic/i shnll be of a type and do- 
3i(:n satisfactory to the Coinriissioner of iublic ''orlcs ajn.d v/hi' 
shall be securely attrrtched to the froiit end of such car so s.s 
to i:uard passengers or pedestrians from being injurea or thro 
dnder the wheels of uUCh car in c:'se of a collision oz' other 
cident," 

It v/as to triis "o.'aenu.-.aGnt" and not the "Third 

Count of the Amended 'iJcclaration as /.riicncicd" that the Court 



ar,rr-rer.tly dccT.ed the pica oi" tho O^ytute of Lir.-.rltr-tiona v/cs 

picadci, for tiic order entered .^ci'Lo^bcr 16, j.Uj'.-, ^vas:" 

'Vn Motion for .icf CiJ.j"!. u it ii c r/sc-rc-J tj at the 
de;i.arrcr of t.^e ulriiiitiff t.;. th'.; .i;a. of t,i;.c :Jt.--tLiLc. of vi-'ii- 
tatior.3 filed by zxie defcndpait ."./'i-i-l *i i-' cv.:rrl^vl. jlain- 
tlif ol/j'j;i.o ynu '•;>:, c a /.t 3 to ruliiij; of Coarc ar^':'. electa t,o 
3on.;.d "by demurrer, (jn r^o t^ion of ^^tiiL-^riU-lil .*l^.tl ,^ ■■^'-> \ 'j>;ft j£Ji_t 
^^ " '■P'''- i- g ^ , ^''t nj3 to_ Ji£;^ ^y.cr;u. c::t t_u tAC U-. 1 : d .u;.<,!: ;;k:d c ■ on t f i 1 (^ 
bx pj niritiff on A^nrj-J^ _^, l'if\i>« Jin a i^uucs OcJ-iicj ^:>.Ljjea iicrein 
it is ordcrea t;i.a.t u. JiAry Go:::e, etc,"' 

iiurin^- Ljie tr^nl oljj.c Lions tj •i7ide;.ce conccrn- 

iriii fenders -were iii.tde uy t^ic ^.c-fcii-^^;,'. o' o ;;ju::..ei on the grourid 

v}!?.!. the t Ird couij fc of (.'\e r/j^iCiidcu dt. cl;ir'.:. uio.;. .v.-ii iio longer 

in tiie cr~-sc, out ihey were ovorr.'.ic-u bv -oUe :,ria;i iTucli'^t^ . V/hen 

the liiotior. fyj.- >-■! nuv; trxiii v.uu liv.ti.rd, c,.vy..'j ..;;;., f,-r L-e defend- 

;?.nt irnii 3t .';d oii i*d<-: pjinz, o^-iu >-.i\r . uarc ropli-j?vi L:j ^iIia tr-ao 

the "plHjuuiff Lricd to araoud Clio ^l.x.i'd oOw-nt i^ut vU a >:;ot a:;ien d 

it,., Vhf- "pl CO. of the 3t>>,tate v/aa oao"c::-inc d ..la '^jo th'. t ti.'.eiid- 

r:ient« "■ '^ " Vixe plaintiff u.id /jou -ai. i- <.;....jp t to dj;a.7 :',.i iu.iorjdcd 

third count . .'.c ui/.'.ply at t cir.pt e;d to file tin c'_.;;-,;:d...,Oji t ".o 

the third !i::iended count. Yoji ai rond-v' ii.id. a ploti of '.ht? ,7.encral 

io3ue to the "ciiird oi/ieaded count," hftcx- ;"i.i ti.>:.o';(id:Ml dlecus- 

aion the Court ar<.id: 

"'i'hciTi io no quoowion tiiat uho Court liul-.i t.hc 
third a:nendeu coun"i: of 'Ciiau uate ./as i^til"!. in t.do >j;-.:io, Vhc 
case v/as tried on oiial t.-eury. •'•••■ -^^ It ■iiia nariujaed vO.!! 
throuo-i Xihe cr.ss tiiau i/uo tiiird tiiu-.-ndod cuunt ■.ra.c iji 'ii.»iti 



After full conoldcr-'itioji of 



no ^Jcii. iii. 



trial Jud;-.;e *ie entcrod the foilontnij; o.^'dor ■:.OuoOv';r It;, !L917): 

"un jiiotion ox" the- .n.i^ -orno.>'' ,for i;!! .':.j.n'':if f t,.:io or- 
der iji.-.'de a.iid en'^erod dcpue;j.'ocr Ixv, i-^io, o;; un<- douxv. io ^.'^re- 
by rcu-j'ided r-iiu co.x>io^cd oo :"';j i;^ .L'i;.>,d o..-j f vjij.ov.'j: 

(/n iao tj.O;'i Oi d.(. f C;;.jua;i t. it i^ o *' d '.-- r o u '-.jM^. chc 
do-urA-cr of tiic plaiii r^if f filed . a. l;t , ivld, ^; ^^xo ivj. 0:1 of 
tn6 t>t(ti.utt of J. j.x..i t('j,'Oi on fj.l»,-u ..,.'ij-i 4, J.JJ.^-, i oy ti'r^,. i€a., 
to v;; ich z-ulinr tiic plaintiff c-;.Aoei to mid '.i-ot>; -0 .-'...'.'.id oy 
hi s dci;.urrer . 

Defendant asks for ,jud,v;ii.ent Oi^ tlvn. pica of the 
dto.tute i;f hht.itr>.ti.on filed hpixi 4, i'jlo, ;.i.'ii 'oi^.o.'^ th^.- ijuit 
be di3r:dac.<"d oa tr. th< -hii-d amended count fiic.d ' ove...oer 1-. » 
1911, aa a.u<-i,ucu April 2, IDlo, tnd iiic dourt uoi.ico t.-i, i^iution 
of the defendant to dis;(iis£3 the suit ao to o.:ird .o:..c.nc.cd count 



filed Novenber 10, 1911, as ancnded .April 2, 191o, to •:n.ioh 
ruling: defendant excepts and the Court disniior^ca the suit as 
to the Miend'acnt to the third a:;icndGd count filed April 2, 
1912i; and the Court further ordcra ihat the t/iird ru:. ended 
count filed '■'ovc.-'ber IC , 1911, and the plea of the c.e^^eml 
issue of defendant thereto o.nd the ret^lxcation of the x-lain- 
tiff thereto utand, to ^vhich the defenaant ey.cei'ts and there- 
upon the defendant znoves the Court to vacate the fore;;';oing 
order, which moLxon is by the Court coutinucd." 

]:oveiriher 2b, 1913, Che motion Irat referred to 

was der.ied in a "jud^racnt order" entered on that day, VA;iich 

reads in the transcript of record Jc.fore us as fulloivi: 

"Auruste „ende. Ad; anict -matrix 

of the iiotate of I.lla V/ende, deceased, 

vs. Case lo. oCG672. 

Chicaco City r;ailT/ay, 

On iriOtion of attoriioy for plaintiff motion of 
deft, to VTicate order of Oct. IC , ISjIo, denied. :;-xception 
by deft. lotion of plff t. file aduitionsl count to oqu- 
foim to proof denied. Exception by I'lff. 

r.otion for a new trial denied. Irce: tiori by de- 
fendant, Lotion in arrest of judi.Taf;nt by deft, denied, ^in- 
ception by deft. J'udfjaent on verdict ..ZCijO , j.'hree ihousand 
Dollars and costs of suit, jixcettion by deft. Api-eal pray>;^d 
by defendant and allo^'ed to Appellate Court, first district, 
bond >;.3500.(;G thirty days and bill of exceptions in thirty 
days, ^3C;o," 

It may be rioted here that this "jud, .^c::z order" 
is allej;;ed by the defendant to be void because of the defi- 
ciencies and irregularities in its form. It certainly is 
palpably irregular in forsi, (3Ui';-;;eGtinf, 3c;.ie caustic v.-ords 
of the ouprcae Coui-t in : artin v. jiarnhardt , o9 111., 9); 
but \7e should hesitate to say tiiat it was inoufficient , es- 
pecially as a bill of exceptions in tUc oaui^e recites that 
the Court rendered jud;:!;ent on the verdict a^rainst the de- 
fendant for ;;'3C00 and costs, and our Statute of Araendrnent 
and Jeofails provides that a judgf/rent shall not be reversed 
or iuipaired "by any infim.ity in cnterint: jud, raent or making 
up the record thereof," 

Eut in any event, if suc-. a jud^.^ient is af riri:;ed , 
the co.use may be reriionded to tiie trial Court with leave to 
the plaintiff to r.ove for the correction of the forrs tliereof. 

To return to the discussion of the ijleadin^s and 



orders in the matter of the third emended, count. Je hrvo ao 
doubt of the tecxinical accuracy of tho position of the dcffnd- 
ant, that the pica of the Statute of Lixaitations yjd.s to the 
count as finally auiended, not to the final "aiuendxnent . " it 
follows that the trial Judge was in error in his rulings in 
relation thereto and to the proper technical effect of his 
overruling the demurrer to the plea. 

Lut not every error in procedure justifies re- 
versal. It is also clear to us that the plea could not have 
been good to the count bs finally a;iiended, taken as a whole, 
and tho.t the de^i'iurrer should have been suscained to the plea; 
that the rulin;- of the trial Jua(.;c on it was not only under- 
stood by hiiG to apply only to the final ainendncnt , leaving 
the count as it orii^-inally stood in the s.-uended deolf'.r:;.tion 

filed rover'ber 10, 1911, and the: rj] ca of the general i.jcue 

al so 
thereto still in the case; but that for all practical pur- 
poses they v,'ere not only oy the Court, but by ccunL^cl for 
both parties, so treated until tho iootion for a new trial 
carae to be ar^'.^ued. "T'he plaintiff did not offer the ordinance 
set forth in the count under the heading ^ec. 1963, but did 
offer that portion of Ejection 1(. of the Vranci:iii;e (.rdiuancc, 
so-called, v/hicxi. V7as also set forth in txjat count; and althoxj^h 
the counsel for the defendant objected to its introduction on 
the ground that "count three" \;a3 "out of the pleadings" in 
his opinion, yet <vhen the trinl Judge pro^nptly signified, as 
he did then and at all ti^acs during, the trials iiot only that 
he considered the third count of the declaracion of ..ove/aber 
10, 1911, in tiie cause, out as presenting a very ii..portant 
issue therein, the counsel for the defendant as pro.r;ptly iaet 
that position v/ith contentions cer.tering on fenders an-"^ the 
rights and duties of the Corjpany under the ordinances in 



relation thereto. 

As counsel for plain tifi" notes in hi a arguraciit 
here, the counael for deferidant during the trirl "offered in 
evidence parto of the santc ordinance" (i. e. the "franchise 
ordinance") "or asked counsel to atipulnte ti;at pai-ts of the 
caTie ordinance should go in the record for the hcrjefit of the 
defendant, and cross-exarrdned the witnecaea of plaintiff on 
the fender question", "and arj;ue;d tiic matter to tne jury." 

Althougn the record does not so e:cf;licitly atate, 
it raay, we think, be legitimately inferred that tne '•o.dditlonal 
count** v;ii.ich the plaintiff novcd on 'ovei.iber 28, 19 i '6, for leave 
to file "to conforiri to proof" was the third count of the t)-iU-inded 
declaration of i.oveiriber 10, 1011, and ^hat the only rea^^cn for 
the denial of the motion wau that the c;ourt held that the count 
and the plea of the genei-al ioaue to it had been before the 
court and jury at all times, and tue cau^e had been tried on 
that tneory. 

Therefore, v/e a^ree v/ith counsel for plaintiff 
that vrhat the Court did, although irreguljirly and erroncouLiiy 
done, was merely "tajntav.ount to allov/ing the plaintiff to sorike 
the (propooed) "a;uend;;ient''' [ox April 2, 1013} "froa the files, 
and that the defendant ou£'ht not to benefit by errors in ruling 
on pleadings and procedure which did noi; in any cexise surprise 
or injure it. .Ve think the case here should be treated as tne 
Court belov/ and, indeed, as we hold the parties below treated it - 
as though the 5rd count of the a/Aended declaration anc the general 
issue pleaded tc it were in the cause tiirou£.:,hout . 

iio viev/in^: it, we are brouiaj-t to the only questions 
of im2)ortance and significance left in the case, ri3,:.ely: '.Vas 
there, under the allegations of tne ti.ird count, evidence of 
negligence on the part of the defendant to {-jo to the Jury, fron 



10 



vi'uich the Jury :jiij;ht finu that sucii xie^li'^-cncc cxi^ued, and 
if so, ./au there such evidence of cor.tritutory nc[r±xr-cnce on 
the part of Au£:ui;te V,ende or hc^r uother :io to :::r^he it a .'.iat- 
ter of lav; that, no recover;/ could be hcdV 

It x-:> true tr.al cii olfjcction is r.iade to one of 
the three instructions ^iven at the instrjricc of '-he p]aintixf 
because, as it is snid, ''it asaiaij.es the ne^^^ili. once of the de- 
fendant,*' V/e do :iot thinic that it is ohncxious to thia 
criticism or otherv/ise ohj cctiono.ole. 

Objections v.'crc also cede zo the iiitr-ouuction of 
certc\in evidence concernini^; the fender u^ron the theory thCvt 
the tiiird count of the orr-ended dcciaration n.nd the 3-lec. of 
the general iceue thereto were not in the o:--use. It is not 
necessary to discuss then senaratcly. .'hoy fall if the 

count and plea tzre to de trcaxed oy us as iual:ini^ an issue 
in the cause. The objections r.ic.de to the allov/ance of cer- 
tain testiiiiony regarding the conoition of "che body -..i^en iu<^x]{i, 
curid to the exerci-.Q. of the discretion of the Court in ailov;- 
in:, certain v/itnesses for the plaintiff to be rcc:-'.llcd in re- 
buttal to testify to the condition of the fender end of zhe 
roadbed at the e:cact point of tx^e cccident, we do not con- 
sider very significant or naaterial, 

Keturnin^, therefore, tX) cue fi."st of the ques- 
tions u'C ho,ve^ stated - .'.'as there evide:;ce unaer the third 
count concerning the condition of the fender sufficient to go 
to the jury end justify the;.: iri tneir verdict? I'hc bouy of 
the chi3 d v/as found under the fendci'. -he trial Jud^;e baid 
in passing on the ^'notion for a nev/ trial; "The ordinance v;as 
in evidence that compelled the Ccripany to have efficient fen- 
ders on their cars. '^.A'^ fender did not \7orlc; the cniid (^ot 
under the car GT)parently v/ithout cny interference o:^ the part 



11 



of tlae fender. * - Here v/an a caso vihcvo. the cai^ v/a:3 c^i^ 
exceedingly alo?/ and if tiae fender had v.'orlred t}vc child could 
not have ^"^ono under the car." 

That i:j tho thc-ory of the plaintiff. 'J'ho evi- 
dence oonceriiing the fender i3 that it '.vao cf th^- apj-.rovcd ■ 
and indeed required r-t/le. If it did not -.'orlc properly it 
vra.3 the fault of that ccTticalr-.r fencer '.vhici. rcnderea it 
"unserviceable and inefficient." It vnr, undoubtedly the 
duty of the Co:a'ppT.y to have the fender in vjorI;in£i" order. 
The car v/cis juot co.rinc fro~> the h^rn pxid. ahoulu have heen 
properly equipped. The pur;ition of the def encir-nt is that 
the fender ■>as in order, vm^ it introi'uced cvi cncc to t}xc 
effect that this nutoir.otically v/orlring fencler hnd actually 
v;orl:cd aa it v/ao intended to when it had struc: the body of 
the child. "''he "oi'^ron", that part tnat -otrihes the ohject 
on the traclvD, Itad "been tarov/n bad: and had cauoed the hnnicct 
p9J7t of the fender der.i^-ned to pie]: the object fro.", tiie tr.vd:} 
before the vihoe'in could xr.izn over it, to be throv^'n dov/n and t 
lie upon the rails. It contendo tiiat tnc probaulc reason tht 
the girl'o body r/ezit under it v/as tjiat acr h;..nd or foot nad 
fallen into c. dopresiiion bct',7eon the trachs. ihc evidence, 
however, was conflictinj^- cancernlnr; '^he fender and it^j oitu; 
tdon im.. cdiately after the accident. ■/itne;3ae2 for the pla 
tiff t<^stified ti.at the fonaer was "up", not "dcvm", after 
accident, Viiich a-.jounted in effect to eayinr ti.at it '^had 
to v/ork," vdjici* indeed v;as the definite statciuent of one v 
neso, v/hich ctaternent, hovcver, v/aa stric>:en nut by the C 
as a conclusion and incc:;.pctent. '^.'he s.ar,-:;e v,'iuncss testif 
that he saw an employee of the defendant T'Ut the fender c 
after the accident. 

,.'e are not called on to r:ay, in L;.i3 conflic 



l,cotifiion,y how r>.s jurymen v,'e should hrvo been nrrr^ctcd by t:ic: 
l;.-ot,i.j..ony , or tc wAich v/i tncascr, wg criO\;ld hr<,vc-, in prc^f crCiCe , 
iiriputoci crfidibiiity , Lul, only Y;hcti:cr there vva'j c'/iGcncc fi-cn 
\u.ich the jury L.iif:}it n.G re a. so liable nt';n conclua-'^ that the dc- 
fci'iuanl had falleu to h.iVe ''an cfi^icirnt aiid ::crvice:ible fon- 
der device" on that car at that ti::;c, ana v/hct,hor this v.-r.s 
nc£lie;ence v.'hich resulted in the dc&th of the plointiff's 
intc^tntc. 'xiiii, qu'-'-jticn, like that, of the r.-llcccd con- 
tributory nef;li(i-Gnce oi" 'Che deccaood, v.'hich.';i3 the n^xt and 
laat queucioii to bt: considered, io a close one, by no rrieano 
x^rco fro.- difficulty; but careful and rcf. :;.'?. 'ced conoidcra.tion 
of the ovic^cnce i.<.i':d 'i.he ar{-jar;ientij of ccu/uicl Ico.vco u-o of 
fne opinion that -./e ahoulu not bo Jui^tificd in dioturbin^^: the 
vercict of the jux'y» :io i^ ;,.;..• ing il to /..".vc bocn br.jcd on the 
ior;uc pro;^6ntcd by the vhird count of the oeciara^icn. 

On the queotion of ccntributor.y ncijli^cncc .vnich, 
like that of thz n^glit^cnce of the defo^.^crt, io pc-culiorj.y 
for the jury, the jury were thorou^/hly vrid accarc^cly inctruct- 
ed by the Court at the inet;:',nco of, r,uid in the mcnner requested 
by, the dcfer.dant. The jury fcund adversely to the defe.alant. 
it inhered in their verdict tlial they found onat neither of the 
piirento of the cnild nor the child /leryelf •■:-::>.z to be held 
£:;uilty of nctrlic.cnce prcxitv.ately contributin;., to the injury. 
V/e are not doubtful that they v/ere fully v.'it}:in tiieir ri,-_,ht in 
so lie'ldiriri concerninij the parciiti. ho nc{"li;'^ence certainly 
could be i;.:putcd to ' the latner, who h?;d nothitig to do '.vith 
oendin£- the child upon the errand vdiicj. reoulted eo aadly, 
and \/e ahould not feel ouroelvea juotified in holding that as 
a matter of la-:/ a z:i0ther who oendo a noirjal child of nine y^ars 
for a few blocks en a necca^ary lioueei.old errand tij.Tou£';h -aii" 
crowded ^treete, v/aa (guilty of nejli;-,ence. 3u.c,u v.. i\ol.\i.nz 
would affect perhapti anicjority of the pepri], e who^e hou::eh.old 



13 



n^-'C033it.ies coirool them to oecure ouch asaii>trrce frora their 

A3 for th" r:o^:l I^e-ncc cf th? cr.i] 4 bcT^cclf, it io 
a very difficult i-'iai-ter to exact2.y ^.■'"'••'-i<s<s i^' '--^-y crj.r>e "tho cue 
care and caution' -.jiAoh, na the Jur.v v/ere correctly instructed 
in tiiij c^3o>, i;:; "";rot v/hicli aifii-t reaaorsribly "b'-- c=:;cr.ecteci under 
tlii' saxae or li'cf) civcu;r):t:r:oe3 of ri r,irl of" a ;;ivr;;n "ar;e, ex- 
periencs -jrid capacity to co.Lprehend ^nd avoid the d-trcr-irv" '.vhich 
may be 3i.ov/ri fr-'ji;-. thf eviue:ic3. It certainly i'j to the jury 
Ll;5,t thii: ;^uty io -ririrrinrily -.-n trusted. In the prc!3cnt gcsg 
tiiero \'<'j.r, aviJsiiCC '-/.lich v/e c.'jnnot L-ay tlicy iji^.hr. rot o.o 
rcai:(:>naivle .nen bclicv:' ,f roni ./iiicl. it coula "be lo^iiticatoiy 
inf erred '.litrt it v/:>,a a istu-ii-i ing; niid uriCJC" rict'^d ftill of tjie 
little ,:,irl :shon 'ootv/eon tixe traol.3, ^/idch pveve'it'^d :;er froiTi 
sai'cly cr:;£3in~ tiieiu iDofore the car \-.'as upon hor. 

ir» Gvic^i) a C'i^e thn ri^.; tnl-r-rvi "by Vier in a] loving 
herself ii'iiiuf f icient tir,»o to etic.ire i'/i Vae c'lac of b-uf:.:.. an 
accident, ■■xnd 'hct: cro'Ji^XT.n th'i street olscwhrre tiian p.t an 
intersection, cannot hr' Ju^'ycd as in -.ho cv-.3P. of an C'lult, 
'out only '..'hon ta";j.n^; into '^ccoant her "a^je, expericijcc?, in- 
t'ilji.'nncc :.■•■; oaT'iicity," 

Other t esti.'^'iony in thi? carje, it io t7:ue, v/ould 
negative f'^iC t.-.'^iovy of n fall br^t-zc-'in tho tr-acko .?.nrl ■.•/ould 

seer to in-icnte "b-.^wil.'ierrnent , in?.ttontion or recltloscness; 

a question 
but it was, we nrast hcld.,^ fo;- the jur.y to decide, not only 

Cun^iceriniT the nuoibcr, bun the interest, c':i.'ir''ct'--r and de- 

riiGa.nor of the •.,! triocaes r/ho te::tified to the various versions 

of the occurrence. 

oloss 3.3 we re<;;"r^ tho cr:.3c, we cHr.not feci that 

we should reverse the judgement of the Circuit Court, and it 

is ficccrdin^.ly affirr.ed. ?^ut the cai;:;e io re.i.'snucd to the 

Circuit Court '^ith direction:^ to .cive leave to the y'l r Intiff 
to apply for a correction of the judi;:aent in forjii. 

_ _ _• _ __^_ _ „.,r~.,.,:..:^:^'°"^A':<'-'';>^» 



122 - 2(.435 / 



CiiA,f;lii\»> J>. COOK, 

Defendanl in ..'rxor. ^ 

JACcii u, CU; kY anti j;AivLA>; r , / ) 

CuiiHi, CoRtser^^itora of JACOB / ) 

ilsintiffe in }^^rr/r. ) 



o 






182 



cioolc, ^H.^ tur r?sii;tiff halo:. i& -iur^ii ti^e plaisitiff in error, 
Jacob '. , Garry, in tiic unicijv-aj Court uf :.uicHgc> .-tplei-'ibcr 
2t.. » lyi<^, for .;,„5fi4, E.)ils;:fr4ia to be oue for rejrjt on a written 
lease* i^'ec-tuoiy 5, IVJ-i, v'^cob •■ ., Carry "^aa fidJua^.eU by ti;e 
i robat*' vjourt 'jf k.,ook county tc oe s- fee&ic ss-i^^deii ut^rsv3ii, f'.riU 
,';»r]ar» b, uurr ; wss duly appointed ic tse r.,ia cc-isiiSBrv&tor, "aa- 
tiiorized and required ta iiavc Uig c/ir«-: of hi a persen and ea- 
t-Tite.** uarJan a, Curry duly Gu^iifiC'd under t.ii© <*!;.-yoi.ntir)rnt 

and on Februjiry 11th a5're?tred in tl':.t* oauije undftr wra order of 
Court tlint. h^ aJtiould ro v-!.pr-eer snej defeni^ th^ cauuc «■» con- 
servRtor, TKle order ia asid tc be errors :.u<3 by t/ie t/ls-ivstilf s 
in errcr» because it dici not iJi t<fr:.'B .-.iftke XuK: conservator ■'& 
party defer.dant," / ■© tniiiK t.i;.c order au.i %.i.^ ix\tt-ryi^n%.i.c-t\ at 
tiii Cvnaprvfitcr vtnrr in atricl accwrdnnce witi the jtfftutea of 
IB74 Gonccr ing luTiatics* etc, ana cMscernini^ A]a»t*>niieiit, aa 
construed togctstrr b.v tije supreme Court in .,cott v, siastsett, 
194 ill. 60^. 

'i'ne cauaR caate on icr triwl in tht l.ur.ic ^psil 
Court before a ♦Juofce of thjit court aiiting «fit,u a jury arcii 

'^ i^y tii« eTiuwi'.cje *'iiiGb vsue iiitroducesi by piaxn- 



kA 



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■ ■' - • : • . .. i . . '■ ' i,(t5 , -.f; 



by 
tiff srni 'iefftndanl it v»08 tleveiepr;.) Xi.al ot. .ay lit;; Cncoh t. 
/\ 

'^urry at Aljuturi, s4i«achuoctt3, si^jseU a docuj^sRnt pr©iicnt<^d 
to hitu hy a f i wa of rcntiuj-. agents at All ton conr-ii-itirip of 
Ue&rtte >' . t.ift frijtli !;onj.ari ;.;, .'*'?> ite, '."he dcc-i;:5'»er.t was heacieci 
*Kent«l AppJ icPti.-^n una Ai,',r«''e;/icnt."* The easer:tial parts of 
tJrie fBC« ..'f 4.hc Uocui:.Gnt, wrica s.«-e ai^-.nrd at Uie foot of 
inid f."ce, aa fulJo-^a: 

"aignature of sp; 'J itmnt » J, t, .Curry. , fiUHee (aitAj.) 
Acoei'ted by, 'oft , itiitc ,.hi.jtnt-4 ior cue -. .7110x0, * 
ure, after the date - 

'•;a.>'.s, v^ncoto .;, Gurry .va ; enaee, »**««« 
Fa.'sily con«i3to of 4 auults, c ciuidren « Apjlle^ii for - 
v^uite 1 - wC ; Inden -t,, /.llstou. :. wner, Chnrlra 6, Cooic, ?ia 
L«!»jiv>r. i.ent .664 per annuir. p^ynule .47 montrily, 'ient to 
begin Junf? 1, IV'. ^. * * « * ^* * * 

{■'■ftfital Agrefea«iit, 

in aiai. ini-, tftp forefrtoini; n-:j licRtion I hereby 
j^i-rce tijftt upon its ecoej-tance oy the Ov^npr ior Taft Hnd 
*>lte, Af,ent3) i i*u to iiold sSKid pre.i;! :»e8 fcr the tiffie and 
U|>oii tfi«! cof.oitions ijf.fccified uron txif^ back afreof, th«? lat* 
ter yf^lnt, xi<'reby mnar i' v-art of 'vliia i?f,;,rii!!:a*Tient.'* 

the back of thie jmper was iieadpd: 

Bene&th tiiia heacling, besidi«i» conditiono u-.u^al 
in a le&B« of an ap?».rtuent, conctrj^ing und«!rl«'ttA«fc, u-'i« of 
prfef..is«8, faut?', repsnira, ttc., were U^.f. fyJly-i^inv, provisiona: 

"Leafckcft tt<. rtj*'',!. to i^j'y rcot to .epl, 1, IVJ./. In 
tiie event ti^at jftiisee cteairee to vau?^ te jre-aa^a at thot date, 
written notice nvuat be t^siven to i easor on or bt^fcrt Aug,l, 
l^l*. ♦ j'siiiiiti ao to do, .u&aaee is xialdcii for rent until 
i>cpt, i, l'i»ll. if i.eaaee drairea to vactt.tp prt'ui»ea at iKst 
E>cntion<3(i aate, y^rittou nouioe mu^^l be iuvf^n to .t.esayr 0/1 or 
before Auf^uot 1, liill, ►^'fuling ao t^- do, «c8«»e i» ;■• ] don 
for ret;t uritil thirty ajty;^ notice ia t:ivef» as above outlined, 
to takt; «f sect on i^eptCitbcr 1 in any yf'ar, but s^kia Xeiise 
on?»-Jl teri!:irj«te in nny event in t<^«tifcv y<»R.ri5 fros? tiit ciate 
wliGn rent co«iKienc«©, 

■he j.eesor ."uay te-rrcinatc thia ogreea^ent ujon :x.- 
dft.va written .'ioltc«, to toice cftect or. ^cpteasber 1, in tmy 
yotit H.X, ox nfti?ir ept. 1, Isilv; , out witJ;;out ^-aivirj^ any 
ri> ht of tue Leo3or to teriiiimte for e brcnoi. of any of the 
other tcrz<id and co«aition» specified bf-rcin." 

TJn,«» evif'cnce rurt.'.er aiiOKB that after tn«? execu- 
tion of this docuirent, .'eoob ( , Curry, ««hose fsMaily at the 



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tiSif: cofl3ist«^d of ;arwaelf, Uia v*lfe, itis syn, v aicl ty Jurry, 
iiia aau4';i»ter» >>laie Curry, and a widoared diiugJitfr, ^ re, 
blair, find hex two cJnildren, Moved into th« pre"ni«e8 and 
tooJc po»8e»aion of the oaaie*, ntj lived ta©re with the f?* ;lly 
bcfuro ttescribeii until April 6, 1911, whftn iic, sru; iiiu ^jife 
juid {iaugiiter J lei© Curry left the prei-isea m:»d cajue to .ni«> 
c«c<>» brin,;;in{> tiicir household goods with tii©n» bo left in 
the prenAana Vila ^^ok ( ftnley ar-U his dauguter ?.ra, flair «fith 
ber cViiliiren. i^rs, Malr'o houaenold goods were tu<;;: in a 
atorage wsrchouae in Chicago, Uut w^re shim-ed to Ler. 

Jacob 0. -Jurry when ps^out to Imv*? t'.^ld ■ r, ',cft 
U.at inau.-siuch as buoineaa saartera c:';5 J c-d liirr. fcc C...ien.Ro, he 
and hi 3 wife w«fr® jroing there; li^i«t, ke jnit.,i!t be feone one 
0*oatn an-i iie sii&iat be gone aix Kontiso* f*nd tUvTT. tiif* rent in 
liie ntcantime would be p&lU by nis son, 'uiu if i v, ;y«a not, 
he (►ncob .•• Curry} wjjs pfrfsctiy ^:yod for it. 

j4;.cob 0, Cuir.- diij not return ■■ o txni preii>i.4eu, 
but i^ic aon fmd > rs. Jglair »nii iier cnildrt'n conLir.uftd to oc- 
cupy tiie? fxp!Arw;,enta uniil .jepfee'./ib«-r 1, l-Jlii. ''p <•" •riepteabei' 
I, 191;'-;, tua rent tmo ppid by tae sson or dauf .titer. .uontJaly 
bille trere sent ©ecf. »aouth to .iaeob , Curry, s*. itt I - 36 
Linden .itreet, AMston, tynu the .son, i-r. Tftft isaye, ''used to 
drop is: occaalonjally nno either 6i«ty Ue as nhort or else he 
w»uld pay.* r'rosj oepter/jber 1, 191 i, to v/Cj-tejobrr 1, l':.^15, at 
which last roentloned date Oakley curry and ^. r». BJftir ftnd 
faj-ily jQioved out, ny rent was tsaid. 

In answer to tne qufstion x>ut to r, ?»ft - 
"Will you sjtfjto tijft circuv:.vjtt*nce» under Wi.iGii H-r occupation 
of t.ne pre: isee oraaed on i^Bpteinvitt 1, liali, by fer. ourry'a 
children*?* ns answered, "They aia^ply ^oved,* 

Jacob 0, Curry never at tmy tia^e ^ave a nouj.ce f 
nii) cifctlon to tersiinate thtt leeae i/; eeoordancc vfith ita 



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provisions, tmc\ no nrrnngmmtnt -.-as csad© by the plainiirt or 
by any onG for iiiai itith anybody but, Jacob ^, , Curry rejvarding 
the ten»rioy in <:;ueBtion. n/ 

The fiir«tgoinf, b<uni; tiie ranttcrs of fact aeirclopdd 
by the fcviaence, the trioi Ju(Ai;e iftotructt;Ci Uit jur^-^ to render 
a v«:rciict for the plaintiff for ; 564. n the verdict ren- 
dered in Hocordance vsith the in^tructiur, , judrae-nt wrs en- 
tered In fowr of the plaintiff for tiiifk &>Kount. To revcra© 
this judf.:merit tm; '*?rit of error unf.'-«»r our cansidoratian was 
sued out. A Judge of tills Court, ;if t* r due conBl^erfition flf 
the record, -refuaed to iinke tnr^ ''Til b oups^rsedeaa Aufraat 
7, 1014, rind for the aaroe r<»!?i«on» the r.ourt norf affimia the 
judgment. the points ainde by the jlsintiffa in error in 

attBCkln^j; it are wiUiout nterlt* 

'?««■ 'iocuiti'snt el/;nea by Jwccb C, Curry, '^niohi was 
follo«»d by uia taking pastteasiori of the prejuiaea, .aa a ;oind- 
in«u lease. It iiad al) the nt'ccaaary irifjrediifntu fo. a. lease. 
The plaintiff 'took, ytno , U;*; teatliEony of aft auowa, vva» 
the o-vnar of cho prewieea, ?«ccoftfd it and ectcd on it by 
allowing Curry to take posaesision and recagnixicig iUe ten- 
ancy, re ratified, if retif icaticn v>)?s necesaary, the 
sif^^neture of "Tuft & a'alte, Aju-enta for th*'. .miere,'* But 
it \ia& not ncceasary, under the clrcumatarioca, inni it anould 
be aiirned by ony ody but Curry to mrikts it binding on hoia 
pftrties - riccei-ttu as i '. ^as by tiie 0!mer. 

the .statute of i«-raudo ziaa no appJioJitio^ to the 
case. It only requires tna:-. tut contract or lirii^e for a 
longer term thar) ono year musst b<r signed by the party to be 
charfefed, 

Ullspcrger v. leyfr, ai7 H3 . ;i62; 

VcCor-oicit V. Looffiia, lfi5 I'll. Apr* i;l4. 



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There is no doubt in our j«ind aa to the; validity 

of tiic loauo nor of the lliEiijility of tlic- d^srendftTit urijer it; 
but it r(ia,y be reiaftrked that evuu had the teiw3ncy been froa 
jaontii to Sionth, as the s-l.-jiintif f» io error's ccun^ci inaict 
it t;s8.a, jiicob U, Curry wuiu bG iinblr^ ao lonfc as tiie prCv'..!- 
aea were occupied by tii«> a,.Wi,bsr0 of Uie frjkaily that he l^:^ft; 
there; for tij.<=je vins nc fvijcnec Wiiatc^ver of any cL,arif:e of 
tenaricy. it iu indeed expressly ne£'fi,tiv«*<! toy u^e tfati?nony. 

ThR oray otner peint ioade by ti.e pjairitiffa in 
error ia that aft and ,'H,i.te vere Incorapetent as ^vitncL5as8 
and that their tf^-stiCiOny axiould havo bocsn exelu<i««l bf^cftuac 
of thf: .jcction of our /Ti;Jence .fcL'twte ssTiUch »ayo tiist '.fith 
certain ijtuuod exoei'tiunB no pcraoc directly ijitprested in the 
event o£ a civil aotiorj uhfxll testify uf i^ia owj rac!-iun or 
in iiii* own beiialf, in auc: eotion, //liefj ©ny advcroe party 
(i«f en iS iia a conservator, 

/hers ia no t-vidcnce wiiatever thut TaJTi or Waite 
wfta "(iircctlv intereatwd*' in tnia action, 

inet& WSL& no ucf enae to uie action 8u0«m and no 
«Tror eoiaaiiitted by the pereir.ptory iristruction to t-ii. jary» 
«jfid the jua,vi3itn-. C ia affirtfteti, 

A,Fi?XHMl3. 



__J 



y-s Hi' 












i I i. ,; i ^ 



20551 



J. A, MATHSWS, 

D«f«ndaiit in Srrsr 



MA.TTIB JACKSON, 

Pl»,intiff in Srror, 



ERROR TO THE 

MUNICIPAL COURT 
OF CHICAGO. 

192 I. A. Ifii- 



FULL opinio:! HOT AVAILABLB. 



20556 



J. A. MATHEWS, 

Dsfendant in 2rrer 

▼8 

JOHIT MORAU, 

Plaintiff in Error, 



JfflROR TO THE 
MUNICIPAL COTJET 
OF CHICAGO. 
192 I. A, 196 



FULL OPINION NOT AVAILABLE 



464 - 2. 796 



WILLI Aj^ H. r^mmft ' ) 

Plaintiff In ri••:^r, ) 




}/¥Mim ro '"n:-. cii-cair comei 



va. 



Cj? yCGK wQuim'. 






IS 1. 203 



■rh'9 rtilator, iJU.tarit, filea hia |.'«f*titioii for a 
writ of £a»j-;dfXi;iU» 0c»fi?aKdi.ng tnt-i ».5ef trndanta to reiiture 
hlw Zc the office of i'-ooci Insi/ectoi*, v/itu ?;i^i.e excej.vion 
of the nss^«> of the rc-letor mm. of the ofrict? XiSi <; vy mm, 
tht ptitiiion ict fj copy of thtv oi^e filed kn :. riGkuK^i^ u.n relator 
ftj;n..lritet tne mn'^^- dcf endnntss, in .r'.iu-'> an opinion 2ir'S tx.iii liay 
beet'i riXeci. ;''/.■.** prcceed.ini?'© in trio two cneea v^erc the sa ■ e 
o^)(i the oufatlovia |;rf ser-tf <; thr isassip, tor th«^ reaacna ;:;tated 
ij^ the -riCi'Son o.'».&e , th** juijiisent in t..i» caa« i3 n.lso af- 
firmed. 



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APR 1 3 m% 



164 - 20478 

ABHAMA^i J. Li".^ii;:.u:i, ) 

Ddfes-dant in 2rror^ ) 



vs. 



) Error to 

} iiunicir.al Court 

) of Chicago, 



riLLiAi.; B. AUSTI^^ ( 

Plaintiff in Error. ) 



9 T A Oo 



^^- <ijy 



Id 

to th.-; 



i/.R. PRESIDING JUSTICE EARNSS rSLIVSRSr TR«: OPINIOTI OF TVS COURT. 

t 
Lidoaan -brought suit against Austin, clai/cin'^ a brsach 

of contracx and recoverea juci2:^:ent; for <:i904. Austin dsniaa n.akin- 
the contracx. Tne principal cueation thax arise- is -.heLhir t) 
vsraict -vas XLanifiiStly against th^ v;sisnt of the dvil.r.cb e.^ 
existence of a contract, which, as claiined, .'as that in consideration 
of LiebKan's forbearance to redeem certain prsirisssf rorn a fore- 
closure sale under a trust deed as to vuiich he ana Austin stood in 
the relation of second and third Eortgarees respectively, Austin 
agreed to pay Lieb/r.an the amount secured by his ir.ortas^e. As oiie of 
the parties avers and the other denies entering into such a contract, 
■Ae shall consider whether there is any fact or circumstance that cor- 
roborates one or the other. 

One Watson Tv;ichell v/as the ov;ner of the premises which 
were situated on North Carpenter street, Chicago. He haa encumber- 
ed them with five several trust deeds (called /r;ort^a:es nereafter) 
to secure his promissory notes. One Kenny held those secured by the 
first tao rrortgages, Liebnan that secured by the third and Austin 
those secured by the fourth and fifth . There was a foreclosure 
sale under the first itortgage. Liecn.an and Austin v/ers parties ae- 
fenaant to the proceedings. Before they v;ere con.;.oncea, the notes 
secured by the second mortgage vere purchased by Austin, but, as aa- 
mitled by him, were included in the note secured by one of his sub- 
sequent mortgages, and in his ans^.ver to the bill of complaint the 
rights he asserted v/ere under the latter and not the former. Later, 



-2- 

„ht;n tt^vi was a settisinent bstv/een Austin and the Tv/ichella, it v/as 
rscognizsd tl:.a th^ ascend n-ort-age had tsen elia-inatad by suCstitut- | 
in- on^ ox tii^ otl:^r^ ther-^for. Th;; second n^ort^ace having been 
practically satisfied by such a substitution, LiebL.e.n, after the fore- 
closure sale, h.d the prior lien, .;hich,if Austin desired to redeei. 
fron: the ^ale, furnished inouce.ent for such a contract as Liebii.an 
claiiiied v;as entered into bet^^^en tne;. aurin- the tv;elve-month period 
of red..u.ption which expired August 16, 1910. 

To corroborate Lieb^an'e claiu., a deed frori. T-.vichell's 
.idow and eon to Ai;stin, aated October 1, 1£10, and conveyins other 
property on Kardin^ avenue, was introduced in evidence over aefend- 
ant'8 objection. Ts thin^ it v.as couipetent as tending to anow an 
aduassion on the part of Austin of an obligation to pay Lie.-:uan the 

aniount of his encoi-Vorance. 

The aeed in question contains a recital thax Austin is 
to as£is-^V;ichells in procuring a loan on the Carpenter street 
property ."to tave up the encanoranca noi7 suusistin- against said 
property on Korth Carpenter street, to--.vit: A Master'^ certificate ^ 

outstanoing, agrregatins the sum of about <^3700, ana a trust aeea 
outstanding to saia Li.b:r.an, there being cair^ed to be due said Lieb-, 
i.an about the su.. of $300, it being understood and agreed that the 
air.ount paid by said Austin to saia Tv;ich^ll and Tv/ichell for the 
residue of the price of said Harding avenue property is to apply upon 
the encuiibrances of said North Carpenter street property." 

As said deed aloo expressly provided that there should ; 
be deducted fro.: thepurchase price of the Harding avenue property cer- 
tain sun.s including the amount due en Austin's t^o mortgages on the j 
Carpenter street property, and as such arranger:;eni: for .heir satis- 
faction left Lieb.an's as the only encumbrance on the C.rpenter street 
lot to .hion the residue of said purchase vrice could be applied, the 
palpable inference fro:, the above recital is that Austin v.as inter- 
ested in providing for the satisfaction of the Liebman encvu^branc^. 
If not unaer obligation to do so, it is difficult to coz.pr=hend .hy 



iis had such a r;rovi9ion inaerted in tl.a dsed. It iu tantamo-unt to 

XT-- . I 

£11 sdiiiesion o'l such an oGli£;ation 5 nd tended to euxpori, LieDRisn s 

claim of a contract icipoein^ it. There is nothing ambiouov-e about 

the rrovision, nor does it conflict v7ith any other part of the deed; 

nor is th=ry anything; in the record v.-arranting a different conclusion 

as to its meaning. Tvith such adu,i2sion against Austin's Ov'«n interest 

tending to support Liebir,an's version v/e would not be warranted in 

holding that the preponderance of the evidence .vas manifestly against 

the verdict, 

xNo points of la-i^ are raised that call for discussion. 
It is claii-ied that the contract corr.es vrithin the statute of frauds; 
but, if applicable, it v;oa not pleaded. As to a consideration for 
the contract, there can be no -uestion that Liebman's promise not 
to redeer the property v;as 3 s^afficient consideration to support 
Austin's promise to pay the debt, ^"e find no reversible rulinrs 
on the sdc.isGion or exciupion of evidn-ce or prejudicial errors in 
the statements of plaintiff's counsel to th_ jv.ry. As to the ques- 
tion of a duty on plaintiff's part to reduce the damacee, even if 
it could be said to exist on the state 6f facts presented, it is in 
no way raised in the record, either by instru.ctions r-iven or refused, 
or otherwise. The jjudcinent rmst, therefore, be affirn-ed. 

AFFIRMED. 



\1 



?l^^ 



i^fv 1313^3 



305 - ciC354 

PEOPLE OF THE GTATE OF ILLINOIS, ) 
Defendant in Error, ) 

) Error to 
vs. ) Criminal Courts 

) Cook County. 

:vELP-OM KIKG, _ ) 



Plaintiff in Error. ) 



k d Ok /^ 



J 



'4 ^ ;■*. :< r 



MR. PRESIDING JUSTICE BARITES DELIVERED THE OPiKlON OF THE COURT. , 

The record hc,rsin shows an indictrasnt against plain- 
tiff in error containing two cotinta, one chcrging the obtaining ■ 
of CSO by ffisana and use of the confidence gan:s and the other larceny 
of that sum, the waiver of the "felony charge" by the People, a plea 
of "not iniilty of obtaining noney by false pretenses," a v;aiver of • 
jury trial by plaintiff in error, and an order adjudging the de- 
fendant guilty of the crime of obtaining ir.oney by false pretenses 
upon the indictment in the cause and a plea of o-uilty , and sen- 
tencing hirTi to the house of correction for one year. > 

The mere staterr.ent of the record is sufficient to dis- 
close the illegality of tL. conviction. The waiver of the "felony 

that^ /) 
charge" eliminated both the charge of a confidence gair.e and/ox grana 

larceny, and left petit larceny as the only included offense for 
which the defendant could be tried under the allegations of the in- 
dictment. 

The plea of not guilty v/as to an offense not charged 
nor included in the indictr;:ent, and hence one which the court had 
no jurisdiction to try, and, therefore, one for -;;hich it coula not 
have sentenced the defendant even had he pleaded g-uilty thereto as, 
contrary to the record, is wrongfully recited in the order of con- 
viction. 

REVERSED AND REUANDED. 



Atii 1 3 101.S, 



^45 - 20876 CHARLES B. STAFFORD, 
ADOLPH J. SABATH, 
HARRY C. L2VII!f;0M ar.d 
ALBFRT SAbATH, doinc "businsss as 
Si»BATH, LEVINCON & STAFFORD, 



vs. 



BARBARA VACEK, AKWA VACEK 
and HATTIE VACSK. 



m, PRESIDING JUSTICE BARNES DELIVERED THE OPINION OF THE COURT. 

On Octobsr 5, 1914, there v;ae filed in this court a j 
transcript of the proceedings had in a case in the Municipal Court j 
of Chicago, entitled as ahovs, and the case v.as docketed, designat- j 
inc the parties respectively as acpellants and appellees; but said | 
transcript does not show that an appeal was taken, hence a motion 
was n:ade to disndss the cause for «ant of j^irisdiction. Thereupon 
the parties ^vho v;ere plaintiffs belon and against v;hoc. judgnient ^ms 
rendered obtained leave to and did file an additional transcript of 
proceedings, but it, too, fails to she. any order allo.ving an appeal. 
It differs frorr. the original transcript in that it £ho^7s in the order 
for judgi::ent, entered Karch 7, 1914, a provision for filing a bond 
and a bill of exceptions, and contains an additional order entered 
■ March 50, 1S15, since this court granted leave to file an addition- | 
al record, vhich reads in full as follovrs: 

"This cause ccing on n^otion ^ .^''^''^^t^ ^'"■1^]!^'^ 
tiffs, and the court being fully ^^n;;\r4t'4i''c ore tine 
--^thHaS SiiS! JS^i^IS^i^hJ So;f entitliTc^eT^- 
peal prayed and allowed." 

Whatever this may ..ean, there being nothing in the 
record to sho. an appeal was actually prayed and allo^.ed within the 
ti.e prescribed by statute therefor, this additional order .as .holly 
unauthorized and tantai^ount to the court's allowing an appeal ir-ore 
than a year after one could be allowed by statute. In other words, 
the court atterr-pted to enter on lAarch 30, 1915, more than a year 



aft^r ib icct juriKciiction, ari o^-cvor is of i.'arch 7, li:i->, that had, 
in f:ict,nc;Vir D.^5xi r..ac;B. Thic >;rie an intirs ir.lGconcirtion of 

its po-.v9r and tie office of i;r. crcijr tam-'C rro tunc , vvhici^ is only 
to 3upi-ly '.".hat actually took placo but ■.7a3 or.:ittr-d fxov. thi record. 
f _Lii''-i---.iter V. P^na:v , IC;'. 111. 4:.6,) A:, no a!;p2al r/aa t£.keri fxo:c 

tli^ lovv3r court and no writ of srror v.aa iscuad fror. thiy court, 
;:. id tr£r.ccript3 hav-^; no plrj.cs in tl-ie court, -na, th.ir^'forti, th^^y 
v.'ill be btrickdn frcn; the filoB end tl.i suit v.ill bs dio-T.ieoad end 
stricken iro/;. tha ooclret. 

SUIT DISMISSED AND r:TriCXS;^ FRO^,: COCKiCT. 



\oU 



Mf 



APR 1 S 1915, 



1C3 - 30415 



GFORGS rTUDTl'AKiy, ) 

Defendant in Error, ) 

) Error to 

vs. ) Municipal Court 

) of Chicago. 

UNIO:' GROVE CRFALIEPY COMPANY, 
a corporation. 

Plaintiff in Error. 

1 C' "^ "!■ 4 O A 

MR. JUBTICE GRIDLEY DELIVERED THE OPINIO:' OF THE COURT. 

On March 7, 1914, George Ttudtrnann, plaintiff, commenced 
an attachment suit in the Municipal Court of Chicago againot the 
Union Grove Creamery Company, a corporation, defendant. In his 
affidavit for attachment plaintiff alleged that defendant was in- 
debted to him in the swn of :^539.16, "for the value of goods sold 
and delivered during the years 1913 and 1914, and upon an account 
stated on the Gth day of March, 1914, " and that said defendant "is 
about fraudulently to coriceal, anaign or otherv;ise dispose of its 
property or effects, so as to hinder and delay itn creu.itors." 
The attachment writ was served on tljo defendant and certain person- 
al property of the defendant -//as attached. The defenaa:it gave a 
forthcoming bond for ^1,200, and the property attached was return- 
ed, and defendant entered a ^^eneral appearance. In its affidavit 
of merits the defendant alleged that plaintiff's claim was incor- 
rect and excessive and that there v/as no account stated on Ivlarch 
6, 1914, and denied that on March 7, 1914, or at any other time, 
defendant v/as about fraudulently to conceal, assign, or otherwise 
dispose of its property, etc. The case was tried before the court 
without a jury, and on March 23, 1914, the court found the issues 
as to the attachment and as to the merits against the defendant and 
assessed plaintiff's damages at f 538. 16. On the selme day the 

court adjudged that the attachment be sustained, that plaintiff ■ 
have Judgment on the finding against defendant for said sum of ^^ 
l;538.16, and that a special execution issue, to the sritry of which 



-2- 



jud.<^r.ent defendant excepted and subsequently sued cut this writ of 

error. 

^e think that the evidence clearly sho-.7S that at the time 

of the convene 3T.ent of the suit the defendcint was indebted to 
plaintiff in said sum of ,^538.16 for certain merchandise thereto- 
fore sold, and delivered to difendant. 

As to the attachment issue we have carefully examined 
the atenograrhic report of the proceedings at the trial and v:e 
do not think that the evidence sufficiently shows that at the time 
the suit was commenced, or at any time, the defendant was about 
fraudulently to cor.coal, assign or otherwise dispose cf its proper- 
ty 30 as to hinder and delay its creditors. Ko useful purpose 
will be served in here giving a summary of the evidence, ^e deem 
it sufficient to say that the trial court was not warranted under 
the evidence in adjudging that the attachment be sustained. 

Accordingly, the judgment of the Municipal Court, where- 
in it was adjudged that plaintiff have judgment against defendant 
in the sum of ?53S.16, together with costs, is affirmed, but the 
judgment of said court, wherein said attachment was sustained, is 
reversed. The costs, in this court will be paid one-half by plain- 
tiff in error and one-half by defendant in error. 

AFFIKJED Irl PART AND 

REVERSED IJI PART. 



Finding of Fact. *Ve find as a fact that the defendant. 
Union Grove Creamiry Company, was not about fraudulently to con- 
ceal, assign or otherwise dispose of its property so au to hinder 
and delay its creditors at the time of the commencement c: the 
suit or at any time. 



._J 



128 - 20441 

FPED E. JAIiP, ) 

Dafendant in Frror, ) 



^^^ I 3 /3/5. 



) 



VB f Error to 

) Municipal Court 
THE ELITE LIVERY, a corporation, ) of Chicago, 

and SNYDER TEAMING & TRAHGFEP. j 
COMPANY, a corporation, ) 

Plaintiffs in Error. ) 

I - -. . .i. : iri-J <:^' "ia^ '^^ 

MR. JUSTICE GRIDLEY DELIVERED THE 0?I>!IOK 0? TEE COURT. 

Ered E. Jahp, plaintiff, brought suit in the Municipal ; 
Court of Chicago, against The Elite Livery, a corporation, and • 
Snyder Tearrang & Transfer Co., a corp.cration, hereinafter called 
Snyder Co., to recover the onxunt due on a prcrniasory note, pay- 
able to plaintiff and signed by The Elite Livery, per r. A. Gnyder, 
president, as maker, and endorsed by said Onyder Co., per 7:. A. 
Snyder, manager, as guarantor. At the time of th.^ trial, before 
the court without a jury, it vjas shown that the sui:i of :!^30C.99 
was due plaintiff, and the court found the issues against the de- 
fendants and assessed plaintiff's damages at said sujr. and entered 
judgment for ;'3C>9.99 on the finding. 

It was urged in the trial court that the defendants, | 
severally liable upon the note, v;ere irr.properly joinea in the suit, 
and it is hers contended the court erred in entering judgment j 
against both defendants. There is no merit in the contention. ■ 
(Sees. 7a and 7b, chap. 98 Kurd's Stat. 111.; Schoerner v. Torn-nack, 
97 111. App. 5S2, 567. ) 

On behalf of the defendant, Snyder Co., it v/as also con- 
tended in the trial court, and it is here contended, that it was 
not sho-.7n that said defendant's manager was authorized by the 
board of directors to guarantee the note, or that said defendant 
received any consideration therefor, and herce the act vras. ultra 
vires and said defendant is not liable. This contention is also 



-ithout merit. It appears frcra the statement of facts in GUbstance 
that a petition in bankruptcy was filed againsjt The Elite Livery, 
of which corporation said ^. A. 'S^nydor -.vas president; that plain- 
tiff was one of the creditors of The Elite Livery, and filed his 
claLT. in the bankruptcy court; that prior to the filin,'^, of said 
petition, and -.Tithin four months. The Elite Livery had oold and 
delivered to the Snyder Co. all of its luovable property, and a bill 
of sale evidencing the transfer was recorded; that the wife of ^. 
A. S^nyder v/as the ov/ner of all the capital stock, except in^ tv/o 
shares, of The Elite Livery, and v/as also the ov/ner of all of the 
capital stock, excepting two shares, of the Snyder Co.; that the 
creditors of The Elite Livery charged that the transfer of said 
assets to the Snyder Co. ^^as fraudulent and void as to then; that 
in the bankruptcy proceedings a ccmprcmise settlement v;a8 effected 
whereby it was agreed that, in consideration that the Snyder Co. 
be permitted to keep said assets so transferred to it by The Elite 
Livery, the Snyder Co. would guarantee the notes of She Elite 
Livery given in settlement of the claijr.3 of the creditors of The 
Elite Livery; that thereupon The Elite Livery executed the notes 
and the sai^ie v;ere endorsed and guaranteed by the Snyder Co., and 
the latter company kept said assets so previously transferred to 
it; and that the note sued on was one of said notes. It thus ap- 
pears that the Snyder Co. received a consideration for the guaran- 
tee of the note sued on, arid it v.-as not necessary in viev; of the 
evidence that there be a resolution or vote of the boara of direct- 
ors of the Snyder Co. authorizing ¥. A. Snyder to endorse and guar- | 

i 

antee the note. ( Atv/ater v. American Exchange Bank , 153 111., 605, [ 
630.) And the Snyder Co. is not in a position to invoke the de- 
fense of ultra vires . ( Eckman v. Chicago, E. & 0. R^^. Co., 169 
111. 312, 322; Kadish v. Garden City j^s^tociation , 151 111. 531, ; 
538. ) " i 

Counsel for defendant in error here urge that this writ i 



-3- 



of error wao proeecutad for the purpose of delay, and ask that 
the judgment be affirmed with statutory damages, as provided by 
section 23 of chapter 33 o^ the Illinois r.tatute=?. 'We are of the 

opinion that the writ of error wan prosecuted for col ay. The con- 

ar.d 
fentiona of coxin^el for plaintiffs in error v;ere untenable/, de- 
void of merit, and a reversal of the judgment could not reasonably 
have been hoped for, and vmder such circu.~ stances damages for de- 
lay may be properly assessed by this court. ( To'vn v. Alexander , 
1S5 111. 254; Potter v. Leviton, 129 111. 93, 95; Gross- an v. 
Cossrcve,, 174 111. 383, 384; Calu^r.et Street Ry. Co. v. Le.Tis. 168 
111. 249, 250.) 

The judgment of the Municipal Court is affirmed, and in 
addition to the judgment for costs the clerk v/ill enter judgment 
against the plaintiffs in error, in favor of defendant in error, 
for ten per cent, of the amoxint of the judgment recovered in the 
Municipal Court. 

AFFIR1.IED. 



K>1:^^' 



12 C - 2 0442 



APR 13 1915- 



THE -ULhlAV. HSFELY COMPAJIY, ) 

a corroration^ ) 

Defendant in Error, -) 

) 2rror to 
vs. S ^viunicip'Ax Court 

) of Chicago. 

THiL' ZLIT- LIVZPY, a corporatiun, ) 
s.na SKYDZR IZW^UG & TRANSFER 
COMPANY, a corporation. 

Plain tiff B in Error. ) _. ,--.. ^, -^ ^. ,r^ -'" 

1 -^ ' ■ '' ■ -A ^ y, " 



ft'iR. JU^'TIC2 GPIDLEY rSIIVZRED THE OPINION OF THE COURT. 



1 



Tho facts of thia ca2s are ths aams as in that of 

Fricl £. Jahp against theoe dsfenaants (in v.'hicb cs.ss, ITo. ^0441, 

an opinion h£S thit clay been filjd), exc;ipt that ths not^ hire in 

question is payable to ^illia^r Hsroly Company. This cuus was also 

tried before tha court witrioux a jury, ana th^ court rr.ad'c; thi osri-s 

finding, anu entered jud-nvsnt a-ainst th^ d-jfenlants in tlse i.a?r.e j 

an:ount, viz:: Ijov.^O, ae in tha Jahp cace. Ths £a/:,5 contentions ; 

wera rr.adJ in the trial court, ana are cade in thi.j court, by counB^l 

for dcjfendanxo, and the dccicion of this court will bs tiis ^ame, as , 

I 
in ths Jahp cotis. 

Accordingly, tha judrrcc^nt of th- ^unicipol Court is ^ 
affirned, and in addition to ths Jua^o.ent for ccsts th^ clirk v-ilx 

dntsr ^ud^i.^nt acainot ths plaintiffs in error, in favor of d;=fend- ^ 

ant in orror, for ton per c-^nt. of ths amount of the ^ud-ment ro- j 

covered in the kunicipal Court. 

AFFIR'-i'D. 



J 



1^1^ 



|2.5T- 



135 - r>0449 



APR ' y -iov: 



JOini D. C/."rY, Adr.iniotratcr 
cf tli3 Fatate of Julia I.-. 
Dickinocn, deceased ^ 

AppGllart, 



vs. 



) 

) 
) 



yi.ppe.al frc:n 

Pupericr Cc"jrt, 

Ccck County. 



1 c:^^ --^.^ ^»^ ^"'^ ^^' ri (mjij^ 

IIP. JUrTIC^ GPIPLrY EFLIVrP^D Ti:?: opinio" 0^:^ TH"' COUPT. : '.^ 



On Jun-.2 37, 1011, John D. Casoy, plairitiff, an ua.-:in- 
icitrater cf the estate cf Julia }'. DicMnoor;, .■Joo-:a^3ecij, '..rcu^ht 
ouit in tLo ru.;erior Court c? Cco\ County a2'.iir..Tt Cl-.irla-": L'jir.at, 
dflPenuunt, tc rocovor clan.a^e-i in ILa aura cf '>10,0C0. Taa ucclar- 
ation, filoi July 14, ICll, ooiiai'-^tcd cf chrc^ countri. Tho first i 
ccui-it alleged in iiU'oDtanca that, en ?e:;rui.ry 11, IC'll, d^ifer.uant 
evened and had tli3 laanager-ier^t ar;d co/trol of ■pn^^dl^.e-. knovn as Eo. 
6927 otony Inlani avenuo, in the City of Chioa7,o; tli-t it \7aB do- 
for.dani'^i duty tc keep ar.a r/.aintain aaid pro/nice.-; ivrd th:; porch 
and railir.;^^T in a aafc .-ard eound ooriditicn co that porticna of the 
porcxi and rai3 inge would not give v.ay ar.. ctllc* pccpls rightfully 
in and upon 3aid proiviieco to fall, i.ioro p-;rt icularly plai2:t iff *b i 
intcDtate; -«hat defendant, riot x-o^p'.rdin^ hi' ;?.aid duty, nc,':li,-';ent- j 
ly and v.Tcnjfully persiitted p-aia prCL-.isea -uid the pcroh ana rail- ' 
inga on thi^ third floor Lo rsfuain, ana r.iainoainr^d and heft the 
03ii:e, iri an unosfe, rotten and ur.sound condition, v/hi.;;h f;-iCt? the , 
dofcnuant knew ex by the cxoroi'.'a of duo dili'jonca could have , 

kiiown, an.j of vvhioh facta plaintiff 'r. inte^itate vfao ignorant; that ! 
while plaiatiff'c intestate in the ccurnj of her dutie.o and uhile 
axercisir-.v; due care "or her own cafsty leaned a'i;ain3t the railing 
on said porch en Paid thira floor, oai-. railinj, beo.auBO of itc 
aforesaid condition, gave way iind plaintiff's inteatate fell and : 



'^ 



t 



4 



received injuries, in ocn:-:-cjri:or.oj c'? --hi-Th -'h-?. diod en February 
21, 1^11, etc. Th3 i-acor.j count cont;:ir,od ci:b>>laiit ially tlie caT.a 
alles-Mt-ion.^ an tho first count. Tli>; t'.ird count alli,\3Sd in sub- 
Btancf; ti.a^ it v;aB defc-r.dant 'e uuty tc yea- th'.t railin2;f5 on tLe 
3iu.3 of the porch on tho thira floor cif said building orSol-j fao- 
tened and nailed so that eaid railir.-a v;ou.ld not fall and .^ivo ;;ay 
and cau£e people rightfully in and upon th.) pr'2.r.ison, more particu- 
larly plaintiff's intestate, to fall; that defendant, not rejardin^ 
hie oaid duty, ne.^^.ligsntly -uintainod and kopt oaid railings in an 
unsafe and iKprcperly fastened ccnviition, v;hich facts defendant 
kn--)".' or by the exercioe of du:? dilig^-r-ce could have knc.vn, and of 
which facte plaintiff 'a intsrtato -.itir entiroly i.p^orant; that udiile 
plaintiff's intecitate, on February 11, I'-ll, :v:ir leaning u^ain^^t 
the railin:,' of th-^ said porch on ths third floor and ■vat: in tho 
3xcrcisc of due carv^, etc., oy reatcn of tho unnafc ar.d ircuffi- : 
cient factening of '••aid railing to the uprights and building, the 
railing Savo v/ay, causing plaintiff's inteotatc to fallj etc, De- , 
fendant filed a plea of not f,uilty. 

The Cdse cau^e or for trial, Decenbcr 3, 1913, be 'ere the 
court and Jury. Plaintiff's evidence '.vao tc the effect that plain- 
tiff's intestate, a married v/cuan and the mother of fiv.: children, ' 
had been accuc'tou-Cd to acoist a tenant, n.t*r.ed lire, rchubert, liv- 
in-r on tl:y third floor of said preiriines, in hcunev;ork; tliat on i 

February 11, l^:il, the deceaned had been v/orking for Mra. Tchubert 
during the entire forenoon; that :-.t the tir^e of the accident de- 
ceaoed v-'en leaning over ti.e railinf: of the roar porch or^ said 
third floor engaged in shaking a rviz, v;hen a portion of the railing, 
about throe feet long, gave way and r-'he fell, for a diotunce of : 

about tv/elva feet, upon the roof of an adjoining tin shop, receiv- 
ing i^evere injuries from which she died on February ;^i, l^'ll; that 
upon an examination made Lrnredialely fol? or.'ini^, the accidenL it was 

found that the ends of said railing v.'hcre they were faatened to ^ 

I 
I 



tho liprishts v:^rc) rot.on ana decaycu; th:-^ the railin- had bcien 
loooe and insecurely fastened -^or aucut ono ncntl. prior to Vac i.cci- 
dcnt; ard that c-i:: porch ard otuirvayo in ccrrsction thersv/ith 
•,7crc uoed ar. a .voaiis of ace o so from th3 ground tc the apartrusnt of 

Mrs. Tchubert. 

At th- ccnclu-icn c^ rliint if f 's evidence, en notion cf 
the defendant, the court cr'.lly inc^trriOtod the jury tc find the 
defendant not guilty, not beoauoe of the incuf Tioi-jncy of the evi- 
dence, but upon th;) grounder, ao orally otated by the CQurt, t..;it 
"the dcGl:ir:iticn contains no allegation of any facte fro^ v;hich , 

th'! court can conclude that rlaintifr'o int'K;tate v-as lavffully 
upon tlie preniseo in oueoticn or that tho d;ifondant cx:Qd her any 
duty," and that "the declarrdticn dcoa not r.tat^ a cauaf; of action." 
In accordance Y;ith tho court 'd inrt ruction, tc the -ivin^ of v-hich 
plaintiff e.Kcepted, the jur:/ rQtvrxa--d a voraict of i ot guilty ard , 
judji^ent e;;ain3t the plaintiff for co-t^ v^an entered. To tlic en- 
try of thie ^ulgiuor.t plaintiff excepted and prayed land nerfectea , 

this appeal. : 

Tc the declaration in thir: cane the defordaiit did not 
der.ur, but filed a plea o' not ,';:uiity. Having pleaded to the 
rcerito tvo do not thinh thr^ tho -uf^oi'^rcy o'' the d-rclaration j 

can he tef^ted in this manner, and t'c are o^ the opinion that the : 
trial court erred in eo instruct in- the jury and in entering the \ 
Judgment. ( ricf:-hi v. PailrrrHt ^^yrr-l-r Co. , £35 111. I'^G, 150; 
r-vi:t e.:_ Cr. V. nut^-o'7sVi , 1G3 111. 13, f3; rtoH v« H^il^ ^'c^. CC373, 
oriricn oy IhU court, filed January 36, I'^'la. ) Fnrih.;r: -ere, the 
oral instruction to find the defendant not £Uilty v;ae a violet ion 
of section 73 of the Practice J\ct. (l^aily v. Poudreau, ::31 111. 

S3S, 250.) 

The judgment T;ill be reversed and the cause remanded for 

a ncY/ trial, 

REVEprFP AND PK^ftNDF^D. 



1^^^ 
M^ 



l72 - 20486 



^'"H 1 3 J9I5, 



E. DeLUi? & CO., a corpora- ) 

tion. 

Defendant in Error, 

) Srror to 
vs. ) L^unicipal Court 



D. D. CPSAR, ) 

Plaintiff in Srror. ) 



of Chicago. 






]^R. JUSTICE GRIDLSY DELIVERED THE OPINION OF THE COURT. 

I 

I 

On May 21, 1913, E. DsLue f>^ Co., a corporation, brou^^ht 
suit in tha liunicipal Court of Chica[;;o at_,ainst B. T. Spsar, defend- 
ant, oa a ivritt-^n a^/raan-ent, as follows: 

"Chicago, June 7, ISll. 
"I, D. D. Spaar, hsreby a2;rae to rent the escond floor of 
3847 Cottaoa Grove frojr: June 12, 1911, to April 30, liil3, from 
E. DeLue & Co., for ^1^40 nionthly rental from June 1, 1011, and 
sign a lease for sarrs. In adaition I agree to pay 'r-oO, in cash, 
f.5 at tiae of signing; ohis contract and balance of i:'si45 on or 
before June 12, ISll. 

(Signed) T . T. . SPEAR, 

E. E^LUE ^ CO., 
Incorporated. Seal. 
Chicago, Illinois," 

In plaintiff's 3taten:ent of clain. it is alleged that 

its Clair:, is for n:oney due from defendant as rent under and for 

breach of said v/ritten agr=ec,ent, that defendant occupied said 

second floor of the or^^r.ises until some tiuie in the month of June, 

1912, v/hen he vacated the same; that the sacie stood vacant during 

the month of July, 1912, and up to and_including the month of April, 

1213, and that there is due plaintiff thereunder the sur:i of C'^O per 

Kionth for 10 E.ontha, or f:4C0. It is also alleged that plaintiff 

has an additional claim against defendant for "550, for 10 conths' 

rent for the thir d floor of said precises covering the ironths of 

July, 1Q13, to April, 1913, both inclusive, that thi rental agreed 

to be paid for the sa;r.e by defendant was the sujs: of J' 33 per ri.onth; 

and that defendant went into possession but afterv;ardc, in June, 

1B12, n-.oved out and the sarr.e stood vacant during the entire period. 

i 
_.___ _J 



' Sojr:3 of ths dsf=jn£es S3t forth in difenaant'E ;iifi- | 

davix of n.^ritE ar^ in eubetenca (1) th^t nn^-r ti;^ pruvicions of 
eaia v^ritt^n a^rs5i:;2nt plt-intiff v;:,s to furniali a rrittdi: isac^ 
for the premises tut that ths oan:^ v/cic not ^x^cut^cL; ("> that as- ; 

fendant did not aith^r occupy sa.Jd tr.ird floor of the ::r^.7:ii;3s or 
enter into ex verbal leaa^ th^r^for vUth plnintirf, -nl (3) that each j 
of the 8<iv = ra.i euppoeed i:rori'it;es in plK.intifr»e st3t:ia-^nt of ciaif^ | 
i^ention^d was an a-r32irent not to be p^rforu.d v;ithin t;.e ap:^ce of : 
ona year froa; ths aal; ing thiroof, and no n:aK.oranduf.. th=r-of in v.;rit- ■ 
ing v/as t:i£n^d by tha defcncant^or Ijy any psroon thsr^unto by urn. 

lawfully authurii^'jd. 

Thi c&BS v;sG triad b-ifcr^; court a.^d jury, und at tha 
conclueion of all the ividc^ncB tha court dir3ct=.d ths jury to re- 
turn a verdict in fovor of rlaintixi in ths oinr. of Cioo, upon T^bioh 
vardict judc^nent ar-ainet ths dofsnaant wae -^ntersd. Th. court h.id 
that the sun, of UO^ rao dua -laintiff under o:?.i^ .vritt:^n a-r^eo-ant 
of Juns 7, r?ll, and ^35 for one ironth's rent for tha third floor 

qf said prsSiiaao. 

It appears Iron th3 svid^nce, in substanco, that ae- 
fenaant ^^a^ tha prsoident and principal stockholder of the R«£al 
Hat Comcony ^^nd that h^ perBonally eicn^cl said .written acre^rr.nt of 
Jvn^ 7, liili; that durins tho monxh of June, ISll, hi i.aid ^laxntnf 
tha 6un. of ^^2bO n-.n.tion3d in said acr2ar,^nt, also paia plaintiff 
'the eufi. of C4C DO rent for th. a.cond floor for .aid .:onth of June, 
ij;oved into 33 id a.cond floor and continued to occupy th. :=a:r.3, and 
paid UO each i.onth au r.nt therefor, until the r^onth uf June, lbl3, 
v/hen he vacated caid second flo.r, that shortly after a. irovea in, 
and aurinc tb^ ^-onth of June, 1011, the preciaent of plaintiff pre- 
Parea and pr.oented to d.fenaant for hio ^ianature a for..al lease 
for said second floor, but that d .fendant refused to sirn the s.^^.e, 
eayinrr, "be have an a-reenenti that ou-ht to be £:ood enough," and 
said lease 7;ac not eicned, but defendant continued to jay, and 



-3- 

pluintifl rscsived, said monthly rent as it fell due; that in DecsK- 
bvj.r, 1911^ it v/p,s varioally arraed betv.-sen tl.^ parties that plain- 
tiff v.ould^ ieaes to d'^fandant the third floor of said croiriiees at 
a rsntal of iZb p^r cionth and until April oO, IClo; tLat d;if3ndant 
lijovsa into 6.%id s^cona floor and ccntinuad to occv.py ths sane, and 
paid thj monthly r^int thsrafor, until the n:onth of June, 19i:i, v.'hsn 
ha vacated said third floor at the sarr.e tiri-.3 he vacated ths second 
floor; that the rent for ths rrionth of June, 1S12, for toth floora 
was paid; and that during- the jLonth of June, 1912, defendant called 
on the president of plaintiff and atated that he desired to move 
the location of his business and proposed tliat he should pay plain- 
tiff 5 months' rent in con-iid^ration that plaintiff cancel the con- 
tract or lease, v.'hicn proposition plaintiff refused. The president 
of plaintiff testified that no 7/ritten notice vras ^jiven plaintiff 
by defendant of the latter 'a intention to vacate the third fxoor of 
said pre/nisea, and that after defendant movea out of the pre.rdses he 
advertised both of said floors for rent and e-nployed a real estate 
agent in the endeavor to re-rent the floors, hut that the sa;;;e re- 
mained vacant until after April 50, IQlo. 

f Counsel for defendant here contend th.at the aQ-reer.ent j 

of June 7, 1911, did not at.ount to a ;vritten lease of the second 
floor of said preir.ises, and that the court '"as not v/arranted under 
the evidence in insinuating the jury to return a verdici: in favor 
of plaintiff in ihe sum of C455, Ti'e cannot apjree with counsel. 7e 
think that said agreement contained all the essentials of a valid 
and binding lease and under tl-.s fu-cts shov/n a ten?.ncy /.'as created 
in said second floor of said premises for the period up to and in- 
cluaing April 5C, ISlo. (Illin ois Life Ins. Co. v. reifeld , IPA 111 
App. 56b, b&i; rradley v, 'iatropolitan Iv:u3ic Co.,8'j '..inn. 516; Roiley 
v. Young, 6o I.:aine, 5^0; Chene y v. rJo;.berry , 37 Cal. 125.) AnJ we 
do not think the fact that defenaant refused to si^n a formal lease , 
after he took possession of said seccr.a floor renders said '^rritten 
agreement any the leas binding. (Hradley v. I/'etropolitan rusic Co., 



_,1_ 



_„ -, .^vo-r- V T<-i f-'^':ih-'racv IC Johns.. Z.Zo,) Ano, cltto-^^h tha 

.a. o.n a.r..r.ant .x-t to b. r^'rior^.c. v;ithin t).c .p^c. of or. y.ar 
froB. tL. r„akii.:. th.x.of, niv^rtha]ise ^^a ere of th^ oi:inion that, is- 
rsnoant u.viuc: .nt.red upon tL. pr^^icoc unci^r .aid vor-al 3or.e.,.nt 
and h..vin- paid f.r a time tha otipvl.tsd ror^thly r.nt a. it accrued, 
picintilx «a.i c.1^0 entitled to r;icovsr tLu: a..::: of ^^35, ..c r.nt icr 
scic third r:iour for th^ r^ontb of July, lf)l-, for raaeona ctat^d in 

the court v;^.3 ful3y rarrant.d in dir«ctins a var^ict in f^/or of 
ul.intiff in .aid u... of ^435; and, th. veroiot bein- r^turn.d, in 



entjrini', jud-- ^^nt thoraon. 

Ths jud£,Kent of tl 



the yunici];al Cour 



j.ii ci : X 1'. 



A?T'It~.'.v'£D. 



rJ:i 



^i^ 



APR13 19i5. 



188 - :.:u505 

ANTOM FUFJRRT, 



ifen-i^iut in ^rror. 






I^rror to 

Munic ir-'" i Ci.'UrL 
of C<uc-%'';,i 






CTATrj?.'irNT OF Tin.' CAF-;^. Ti.e rlcir.iiff, Anton Fujrtt, i 

in iiiy criminal atn ■ti:v;i;nt of c.icvi:-:, fil^J^i oa D-Oi;r.har -3, iri3, j 

cllsii^-ci that hio clr.im against O^xcr Ston^ ^^nd Iior'-,^.n ^.^.l-^h^r-:, uo- i 

i"=;r::.;^nta, wao upon an "tccoiii^it etat^^i b;;tf-ein I'r.o y-^vt-Js" acou:; 

Junj bv., i&li> for '-lOO, of v.hich v.,^ouv:t (i^lo h^a L;)^;i ri'iu, iac-vinr 

a baiancs ciiie ox C:75. To tbi3 cizater.3:it of claii;. tno .;. ijra.^nts 

filea b.n :;i:ficiavi1; of :^:jriti in >;r.ich it ^ss ailerii:! that t^dy .;er3 

not ina.bt^ci to pi:antiff in aay ou;: , tut that or: tl.:> co.:trury olain- 

tiff w^^ ind-btsa to tho;. in ti^i nur.: of ^^3; l,h.:t aV-out Jun^ 50, 

l&ii, ^iaintiir raj-reu^ntiu tc difin:-anta tl-at he; >voulri proovr^ for 

the::: a cirtcin Ivildi)!- on ':,.i-.t Soth £trict in Ghicc:.-o, 'for ths aua 

of ^4,BU0, uFoii payfisnt to hi!- of ^100 for hie ij^rvicoa to \.^ ruii- 

dur^d in rrocuri;:^ caid buiiainr; th:it d;; fcin;ianti. arrciid to curcnati 

said cuiiding for ^-o.id sxm of ^'-1,800 and th;iriuvon y:^ia ^.uxnoiii 

Ci^b v(itu thci un.1^rsita.Tiair.2 tr^^-t if rlvintiff ^rocuroJ u^-Ui tuilainc j 

for theiv oyf^ndantD ^^ould r-^y piairtiff tho adciitionol asn- of i;:7o, j 

i 
but tnut if ^^lairitiff did rot procure srUci buildin- plaintiff vvoula | 

return to aafana-nts uaid nu;. of 0:^^; ^nd that c^^fonirtnto v.er^ r^^ady, | 

wilUnc DiiJ able to purch^ce yr.ia buil;iinc for oaici tun. of -.4,8^0, 

but that pislntiff v.ac un:5r-l3 to prcouri B^ia building .juI bia not | 

roturnad to d^f snciant;^ i^aid ^cc of ^5. Th.; uifonaantc fxloo filsd | 

ci statcnynt of oi^i^. for 3)t-cff for i-aid ^o. "- ^^^i^ ^--^'^ "-'^ j 

J 

Get-off plaintiff filed an aff io^-vit of r;irit£ in -hioL ^,l;^inti^f j 

adr^tUd that iiaid ^on; of ^.:^o was EO p:. id plaintiff, ^nd tl- 1 tbs \ 

■•:rop:^rty on VJeat Kdth atrest waa not daUv.rsd by plaintiff to de- j 



f^nirntr,, but plaintiff alle^sd t/.at said cure of C'35 v;aa aftar- 
vi.irdQ, a.t th>i rsquect of aofsndants, "arrliid ufon a prior inJ^bt- 
edneeu of diift^ncants to px^intiff of i'lOO." 

Upcn th3 abov-i otatSiVintii of clair..o .md anaviCTi- tl'i-i-e- 
to, ti.e oaut;e cai-.j on for trial, larch 5, 1J14, bjicr'^ *vh5 court 
v^ithout 6. jury. Before thij trial ';/a:. concl-uaud plaintiff, on :.;arcL 
g, 1S14, filed an an- ended st.ateii;ont of clain: in v.hich hi sj-ii^i-.in3-iy 
aliandoned hie clais. for an account etat^ol, and in whic;: h-^ aliogsa 
that about L^ay 1, 1015, dsfcndantc o r or;. iL>.^d to p^^Y pl^-'^-''-*^"^* "-ot- 
ing na a sslsa.i.an for Jc^oph Btrv^ska, r^^al est^ti broker in tbo City 
of Chicai:o,'' the can; of UoO for "looking up :or thj;a any rcial ;it,t:i.te 
bargain v;hich ehoula be approvijd oy thora and put ^hrou-h"; that 
plaintiff aid look up ana put through v;ith defendants' approval a 
"real property bargain fron, ona Aiv)is Slunecko" and diif-jnaantb to- 
caii.a indebt=.d "to plaintiff's principal" in tha c;ua: aforo,.aid,v-hich 
Buc d=jf=naantt< refuse to p^Yi that plaintiff "iy the actua^ Ji2M- 
fide c.^nar of aforej^aid clair/,, sar.3 having- bi^n duly aselp-r.-d to 
birr, about Juno iJ, 1G15"; and that th^ra i^ novr dua piaintiiT froru 
a'- f andante the oun-, of CVh. 

To thie amendod staterLsnt of clair:. ths dofsnaant, 
Salzborg, fil-d an affidavit of i.^ritson bohalf of botl: dofondanto 
in 7;hich ha alleged that plaintiff did not perform any oervioos for 
defend&nte at their request, that plaintiff ic not a licenced brchar 
as required by thg Chicago Code, elections lS:--.^-i£8 inclusivs; that 
plaintiff .vas not actin- as a ual^cn;an for Jo£-ph Strsska in nc.£otia- 
ting said rsal estate transaction b5t\^e3n dsf^ndante and said Aloi:^ 
Slunecko, and that said Striska was:; notalicenssa rial astati broker 
in Chicano; that in the transaction re-ferrsd to plaintiff actea as 
the as^nt for said Siunicko and not for di leniants; that the aiie~od 
claia. of aaid Btraeka a£,ain8t defendants v^as not assisned to plain- 
tiff; and that plaintiff is indebted to dsfenaants in th-e eutr. ox 
:tf25 for cash paid aa ir.ore fully set forth in defendants • ciaiu. of 



On '.kirch ^1, 1011, the trial court fo'cnd th^ l,:-^up,ii 
against iief^ndanta and UiJ^e/isad plain -if f'^j cLe:'i:2.;::ci3 at :>?ij, ani 
int;c;r:id juc*2;'i--nt a£,ai:)i:t d^; XLudauts oa tr:a finlin^;. 



I/R. JD'TICS GRIPLEY TTLIViRiD THS OPiriO:-i 0^ TI':^ COURT. 

It ecpairs iror;. the iVi.'incs that on June iO, 1G15, 
plaintiff and cofendants entirsd into a •.vritton contract •.vb^reby 
it v.'L\;s u.^rcad tJ.at if plaintiff could procure the sals to def;3ndanta, 
for tl.a auffi of .?4,600, of c^^rtain prerii^ao, 3615 I'^aat :!3th ctrest, 
Chicago, d'cjfondants would pay the ownar of tha prsi-niass raid sum, 
and i-.'oul clco pay plaintiff .fl'lOG ;-.g cciTrnic^sion for ne^'otiatin^; the 
sale. Defendants advancsd to plaintiff i;25 to apply on f^aid coniiT.is- 
siono. Plaintiff was un.abl3 to briiij; o-bovit ths i^^.ls, and defsndants 
dei;.auded a return cf caid $35, but plaintiff rcjfucsd to return tui 
sanva, olaiain^ that it v;ae to bd applied upon a prior indebtadnaas 
of a«fsndanta to plaintiff cf ;rlOO, It furth;jr acpears t^iat on 
L'ay 30, IGlj, a contract v/a^-: ziPv.Qd by Alois Slunacko and dsfsndanta, 
'whsrvsby Slunrjcko agreed, to isll and dafsndanta agrasd to buy ths 
pr^n.iaso at 3d'J5 I'/iSt Sbth ctr^et, Chica^-;o, at the price of ;'?10,000, 
and it .vas furth^jr a::riid that of ths ^SOO rtarnast t:.on5y davouitsd 
by d3f6naant3 $100 shouJo be paid the "vendor 'is broker" for th:i 
eervicee in procuring: the contract. Plrintiff Dcted aa the broker 
fcr Slunecko, the vencior, and the transfer v;:;,9 i-.:^.d e and Glunecko 
paid plaintiff i'lOO. There v'^iio no proviEion in the contract for 

the payu.ent by defendants of any brolcerage fcee to clcjintiff or to \ 

i 

any. one alca, And both defendanto testified that they n'd^^-j; pror/.iD- 

ed plaintiff or uny one slie to cay any suui for con:..-.ic-.ions in their 

i 
trane-action v/ith Slunscko. Plaintiff in his r;«vended Gtate^Tient 

claic-.ed that about Liay 1, 1013, the defendants pi^Ciised. to pay hire j 

t-100 for looking up any real estate "bardiir^" •■■hich shoula be ap- ; 

proved by therr: and put throur:h, and he testified to that effect, and 



antij JLsaied thcic they mada any auch pron;i£2 to plaintiff tit any 

ti./:J. 

Plaintiff, in his said D.n-.indsd atatSKsnt, furthar 
(iUiiLQd chat v;aon .-^aid alls^sd proaias v.'a-. rrads by dsfsndantc ha 
waa acting; ae a 3ale,-;rui.n for ona Jo^.a^b Strgaka, nnd that on tns 
concuiniration of ths 5-lun:)cko tv-anB-ction the dofandants b3can;3 in^ 
a.obt3d in the sui'. of f;100 to "plaintiff's T^^incio-'^l," vi^: Jorsph 
Strdska., wnich '/-rim dafsndantj rsfuss to pay, and that plaintiff is 
Lhe onn:5r of riaid claiin, taa s^-iTie having: ro^n duly asai-nsd to hia. 
It thua appears th-t plaintiff is cuino- defandants, not on c.n 
oricinal ci-.Urr. of bin, but e.s the aaeicneo and o^^nsr of a cliot-a in 
action of hii:3 principal, Jof^aph StreaUa. But V'O f:nd no iiviasnca 
in tha tranaoript baforta ur, .-no^vin-; any cjair. of Joi:0pn 8tres::ka 
tt[.,aint!l dcsfundantsi in any ^vu., or that any sui^ii claiia haa b-j-^n aa- 
sit^naa by £Jtrcjt;ka to pxainxiff. It ..ae nt^cas^^ry for plaintiff 
bifora ha coulc. rocov^r on his claiir., r.B fiPMl^.y t-.tHtid in bio c/.-^na- 
ad 3tator;;3nt, to jho7/ an indebtadiiesB of diiondonts to ^:tr = 2k3, and 
an atjaign^iient of the i-.pxc.e by Btrer;l:a to plaintiff. (£:iIiL££i3 ^* 
Illinois St.^el Co., 162 111. App.'461, 4S5; 4 Oyc, liO.) Furthsr- 
rrors, on:, of tha defences, a^^ statid in defendants' affiaavit of 
yiujrits, ^a- that nsither plaintiff nor J^tr^oka yec a licenadd real 
estate brckar, ana it 'le.o not ahcvn th:^t sith^r had a licen-^a frorr 
ths City of Chicui.o, altbo^^rh it appeared that both wore .n:fic:^a in 
the real ect:n^ buoinssc in ^aid city. And, in car opinion, th^ 
linain:- ana judnr-.-nt are not euoportad by ths oviaonce. 1- ..cv.ev<-j, 
clearly appears, both by plaintiff e adrriccion in hiv affi^^-vit to 
a.f.naantc* olai.. of s^t-off and by the evidc^nce, that plaintiff is 
indebted to a^f-^ndanta in the e-um of ■::25» 

Thrf jud£ra3nt of ths y-uniciC'S.l Court v;ill be rcvdrEid 
'and ouas).£nt will b3 entered here for C^5 apainet Anton Faeret in 

favor of Ot;car Stona and Hc-rnan SalKbarj.. 

REVfRPiiD AMD JUlX!."IiNT HERE. 



FiTiSlr.^-^ pf Fprt. ^i fina -c I-cts th.-t at no tir.a 
subc^quent to J'ay 5J, 1913, ciici Jcc^ph £tr3-;<a, or the rli intiff , 
Anton Fuarst, hav- any claim in any a-ourit ^.::?la^t ths o 31 andenta, 
Oicar Stona and H&rran fi::.l2;biri, for a^rvicss or for brokerage co<r.- 
Kiuoione; that ?trick3 at i.c ti::.2 a3i:i^.:ed ^jcy oicii':. or c;oc3 iu 
action a^ainiit dsf encianta tc. plaintiff; .-uc. that d3r:>nc3f:ts ^..rs riot 
indebtsd to piri.intiff, indiviiucliy or ae a^ai-;.-3e of F:'u-o<:ka, 



)Z - :jc;.^ 



PR 5 3 ^91; 



V?, 



ft -or ell ant, ) 

^ ' OocM: County. 

i 



mJ '■ 



; -'^ 



ir; h^;r f-wcr 
hcr ot'i :"■' i-'i'i^- b.tll '.vcM' lilcJ. Cii 



rTATr::;F:;T of TH^ CA'^E. Thlii le an apr-eal frc::. a ^ccroo 
cf tho nurericr Ccurt cf Cioc^: County, yni;er(3d raroh C, i^'l-i, «iia- 
misair^C t-° oi::snaed bill of ^ariprot ?. rion.^cn, ocxpl :i.n.nt, for 
want c:- acuity. Thi^ bill, 'n^i^ DjGOr:bor 33, 1-13, ••;.,:■ in tiie 
■rjcituro of a bill ci: reviev), crJ ca.rL^iiiar,;- rrr^y^^^i ^^^^^^ - scarce 
cf Uivcrca, o.o., cni.ored by the i^-:;!:^ rur.cricr Hcurt 
on Apri] 30, 1?13, bs set a^^nde. H 
March 1^, 1^1^, to v/],iG;:. do 
au3tair.eci. 

The .■jponc.oa bill .-ar' noo s.'O.crk ^v-. x^w....^. - 

allc.crcb in oubf; t-vre,e tb-.t c.": .Auj.u^^t H, l-^C^, f.ne <.''i!^ ......;.u 

..arried to the cl^^Ccncla-t at !:3no3ha, -jsccn^in; t-<t or. barch U, 
1013, u^ronaant, by his crufO trs::t<>'eut harainart^^r -crtioncd, and 
by th^ "tbreat. ana coercion" o^ his agents, "'caussd your oratrix 
to :ilo" in the ^urcrior Ccvrt cT Ccoi- County a bill Tcr .avcrc; 
a;;ain>.l ua Cendant on tho ^-^Mr^- ^i eKtremo and rapcauca cru^.lty; 

• •, ... ■\r--,,' ^ „ ■ ■ „,,,,.-'. -,"■-%" r'vi 1 .•■■'■: for trial, ao v/bioL 
that on Ap-ci-2 Li, I-jI..:, aa^.-- oaucv. ...„.* c^i...-^ i.o^ ox j 

by thair f^clioitorK ar..: couplainant 
.-Ti^'lt-i'- an pet forti! in 



tine Lctl. ^arti-o vor;^ rran; 

tectific^J in c ::n ccnrt to the act?^ of Gn.i::lty an pc 

;a '■■!' rocv; raa jt the 



aaiu bill; ob:t t,b« tria.l ra-u..ta..i xn a u: 

in^taaca of uhc iK-r^ndant" on /iaril 30, 191'-, ■-''^ 

aiat.olvo tb^-; naii Karriaae; that 

to £ai.< pr2ten.icj decrei;, etc., a 

or tho rroceedinc;?^ Ji P'srt barsoT, ar tbovaih ir'ot fcri.h 

length"; that said rreienasl decree ordered thnt ccnplainant ?boula 



purported to 
plainano bc3n Ifr-v- i^c raCar 
"to r,;ak.:; 3a id dcorce ana all 

•iin at 



receive Ol^BOO in Tull cT oil -ilinxirj, ''CbO Cor col ic iter 'n feoa 
and vl50 for ccrtiin ir.oiicr.tr.l o:-:pcr;E33, -.vhioh i.iaCuntR ''v.-oro 
raia aru tao rccoruf.3 v.-ore ^-.tiofiC'a in open court "; ti;aL cut, oc' 
the :iri;Gi:rit received by ccn:pl<;iric^]it ol.a v/:i-; cor.'-oi;! eJ to p.iy uoLtn 
to the an.oTjnt oC ;'''5CC incurred pricr to the entry cif ti:,; dwcreo, 
and that a portion of the rer.^aini;er ha*': been /^port in p-ivin^ .ice- 
tor's bills ani dafrayir.;^ ncoeanary living exp e n «■,'..- ^! . 

In the 4th para.;;rf:,ph cf the bill oCiLpl^^inanL iule^od 
that ti;e iiiin,5 cf naiu bill lor slivorcc, anJ. t^.e proceeJin^;;:. hud 
there^Ctor cuLainatin^ in i?ei.i purported decree, "^Ta^' not her Tree 
and voluntary act and daed^ but vc^a dene at the in;-;trinee an^ v;aB 
brougiit uecut by the :rraua, ccoroion, dureno and 'undii;-; inriuence 
of thG defendant"; tJint ccrupl;. in^-nt filed aaid bill Tor divcree 
at ii tiiv:c \.hon tjho "'.vn^ ill, unable to -vcrh for a livelihood, was 
■K'ithout iaoa'." or friends to nupport her, and v;ao actvjilly in need 
of the ncccBttariea cf life, ana v.'aG actu-illy p.tuvvlTr-i, i.nd hcxd but 
fliea^re feed for f'overal weeha prior to tiic hearin:^." ""he further 
alle;:;od in eubetanca that dere/:.Jant had trcate^i her in a cruul 
manner, and in li^ebruary, l*";!!, r^fu.'ied tc live with her; th.t :jhe 
took a pcuiticn a;> ca?;hic.r in a br'.rber rthop in Ch'-ioa^c; th.:.t ahort- 
ly thereafter an attorney e;,'!plcyeJ by defenaant infor/r.ed her th::t a 
divorce frtw defendant v.'a?^ the only settlernont of he-r dc;::a;rt ic trcu- 
blea that could be jriade; that ;-5ub3efiUently ohe ernployod a Chicago 
attorney and requented hi:,i to ooe defendant and effect a reecncil- 
iation, if pocaible, and if not to procure separate icaintenanco 
for her; that naid attorney did not start any liti;-aticr. but euc- 
cecded in obtainin;;; from defend^'int v'''^ psr conth for tac or threo 
months; thet in July, IGll, defendant stated to cci'.plainant over 
the telephone tJiat he -.Tould cend her ""'"SS per laonth for one year 
and that she vvculd have to be content v;ith that or '^oi nothing; 
that in repteaiber, 1711, nhe wont tc Cencca Talla, ?:. Yv, for her 
health, and v;hile there received ^o5 froir. defendant for the Octo- 



-3- 



bcr allov/ance; that in irov-ii.cor, I'-ll, sho v;:::^ noiiti-jd by hc-r ! 

L?;ji^t C^Lic'-v^o ;jttcrn'jy ti^o.t no Dori; noncry -vculci oe -iient tc her ur- ; 
til r.hc arplica for and oht-ineu a uivcroa; thct oLo t^;lii:;^rar.hoa ; 
und.wTcto dofcriaant reoMOt^t iri^^ hor "cvej-'vior allcvj^noe bi:t rccoivsd 
no reply .frou hi.u; thnt aha pavrr.ea hnr clian^ond rir^ to ijet ;!Ui.fi- 
ciont furidD tc r^turiJ tc Chicr.^c^ ai-a upon arrivi;.^ in .Chica^^^o e:a- 
ployaJ another attorney .vho filei a bill for r--,op:~r::te ifuiintonaroo 
in her 'O'-hal" a^ainot defenJynt; tht-.t no service oT prccoao in 
aaid i^'tiit could evor te hiads on druendant; th::t durin:; the v/lntor 
of ICll and li^l;?; Khe only received tha sum of ^55 frcr: dorsndant, 
deGi2;n^-.t::d as her Kovcufusr, iril, allo^'r-noG; that in ordor tc live 
■3he wao coinpellcd to pa",Tn hor v;atch and other pcr^ui'nal artioles 
and borcov? pioney from jTrienaa,, and existed in concoqucvica under 
the raOGt raiuerable circui; atanoao; that by ras.ncn cC th.:; Ion:; con- 
tinued inJTiUTian treatment by defen.iant, and the physical ilinoss 
and KCjiial anguish she nufiared ay raaaon ohoreoT, iiho waa "iu<:ij- 
taliy iroor;ipat3nt to tran2;ici buGinoao or ccnsaut to file a bill 
for divorce"; that defendant, kno'^inj the riiontal ccn.dtiori of* ccn- 
plainant, "con&pired Vvith hio attorney and one '.'/illirc-i '^ohrcadcr" 
of Kencaha, "'iaconsin (v,'ho v;a3 ei-;plcycd by the same firj.-. th.vt em- 
ployed dafandant), to ca\j3a coarplainanu to filo a bill Cor Mvcrcc, 
and they induced cot;:plainant to Cila auch a bill, under an arrani^e- 
cient v.diereby dafandant v.'a'c to pay ccrfiplainant •'"■1,500 and ii.alivi cci.;- 
plainant the beneficiary ii; a life inDuranoa policy on tha life 
of defendant for '"'1,'J,0C0; that defendant did not have hie life in- 
sured for filTi^QQOj or in any airiount, in favor cT cor'.plainant; that 
oaid rchrocdor telephoned ccr.'jplainant and .-stated that he v,'ould aee 
that hio er:;p'loyer )<cpt the defendant out of the juriedicticn of 
t]ie court indo ["init^^ly unley.; ccnplainant v/ould continue -.vith the 
divorce T^roceedin3R, and that couiplainanl ''.Tould never .-^et a cent 
of iijcney frcni defendant; thvl ao soon as the bijl for viivorce :va3 
filed the defendant entered hin a; paarance in oaid i;ait by hie at- 
torney; that oaid bill for divorce r;as filed, and said pretended 



u.cre3 or civcrce v.a. rrcovrcd, :.irr:n;ant tr .aiu ccr;-:piracy tc ] 

acoci.rli.h .uch and nru i;u-c«o, v;i:ioh ocr:c:.ir:.cy >vu3 ..KXerea i^tc ; 

■cl.oen def.rdant, his .,.ia attorney ari sai.l :^cl.rce.cr, and "to | 

-hich your cratriz v.n:^ net a voluntary rarty, uvX beoaiK^a ci th^ , 
paralyni. o^ her -ill ana t];c n;cntal inccnv^.toncy und^^r ^^i.icL lI.o 
;^a^ nufferins oh3 w^i3 luiabla lon-cr to rcr^iot thi uUsoko o: her 

• ^,^1 . ^. ,>.,,. I „,.,t + >-., pofrv oi't hiB dcci.^ns; anJ that' 
hui-iband, anJ rontitLG'-l ue • eT:J,;.bt to o..rtj u-.- ... » ^ 

said rretoruod dccroe cT oUvorco rar rrccured frc..: -^:id cci^rt L;t ! 
ths Brecial iiv^ancG and throu:]:h the instrui-ontality c^ the defend-^ 

c:nt." 1 

Conplainant further allowed th.l tha ^ot. of crvalty 
tostified to by her at Buia divorce trial 'Voro true," ,.mO that 
caid acta v^ore only a oinsll part of Iho -r^y^ior^l tcr^^urs v/hioh do- ^ 
ferJant inflicted upon her in order th-t he rcis^^^ -^f^-^^e r.;;r to • 

Decure a decree oT divorce; that "o^vin-'to her :rer)tal ccnditicri | 

ane paraly.io of the will .he did not tostiTy fully ar to all the ; 

facts"; that if at the tii.e of the trial zhe had had aontrcl of 
hor v;ill po^er, end had beer in r^cper i.^ntal condition pho vyould 1 
have dinclcaud oaid conr^piracy; ar.a ti.at "in aer i.e^^al condition | 
oho v;as afraid th.t chs vyould renain in actual need of tae neoe^J- 
sitiea of life unlen:,i a aooree for divorce ,;ao obi.ai-oa." ! 

Coarlainant furohor allc^od thet aha did not file a c.o- | 
tion to open said decrea or prcnccuto an appeal "bacau.?e ahe v^au ! 
cc-v^ll^'^ -c aevote her tine to re^^arn har r^ental axal physical i 

health," aral tha^ "after eho had sufficiently ^^ainod her mental , 

poi^:- to rully conprehend the situation into -hich -he had been i 

thruct, Che consulted a 3av/yer and waa inCcr.-ed af. to her rir^nts . 
in the n;atter and brought thic her ouit tc annul naid a<icree.« ^ 

On January 3, 1914, aefcndant filed a v;ritten notion ! 

prayir:i, for variouo rceccnn therein e^r^igrod, that tne ccuru aio- . 
r.i83 ccn:plninanfo ;anci..led bill . Th^ notion a-^a Buppcrt^^al by _ ! 

the affidavit of the defendant, in v/hioh there waa net out ccpiea. 
of the bill and ano-^ver in said action for divorce, the tanti:::ony ^j 



_r;^ 



cf all thf: ivitnosnen in Tul 1 .?.-n i zoxi naiiJ ■.leoroe o? ;;ivcroo. Or. ! 

March 9, 1014, a l-earin.-^ -vi? ha.u en niniJ rr^cticn a-ii the 7>ar;o \7ao ; 

I 

Ther'iupcn tl.o dc f'-iV'tf^r-t oi; li::o ro.-;e uuy liloi ?. uccurrcr 
tc Oiiii aniendou bill, chojin^ int. :::^ ■. 1 i a ti,.- "cllo^vin.^ c:;u;'cn ci" 
demurrer: (1) tl.at lliC aa::.-; :ica.-5 net est uy. T-J-Cl:^ :;?i^ c ircu:,.;tr-.r;C0 3 
at!Ci.>nt irK^ tc uuch fr^-.-ud, ocoroior;, duxe-^p- cv \:r.d\x:', ir. riuor.-jo a" 
authcrizen the relief prayed fcr; (C) that the allc^at icris ;^re 
baned on ccllupicn and oto:i th-t the ;ictn cc;:-..l..;ined of .'■;•: re 
rr'JtU'il .^ind r.cooiri;] i:'hod only through ti.<: j ar'oicijpaticr. .'rr.d corsr^cnt 
cf cci:;i)l;tinant; (3) that the bill ^^Lc-.m that ccirvvlain-i^t aco:jntad 
bensfitB undor osld decrsa c" divcrcoj (4) thit tho bil} cc:\\/:^inr 
no cl^-ht to do Ohi-iity, and (5) th:-t Iho hill -dicv.-.-; thut ccr,' Iain- 
ant hae bean ^^'i"^"^/ cT lache;i not nu'' :-ici,;ntly explainod. Ti.o 
court on tha aame day -^u^tair-ed eaid dosnurrcr. Co:.;pl:.iiria:it elootod. 
to stand by the bill, and t.'ieraupcn the nar:.e ';Ta^. di^:;,ic-=Q._ fcr '^'ant 
of equity. 



Couri?o^l Tor conrlainant contend tl'i-jl tho court errod in 
auctainipg doTcnuant'o de;.-.urrcr to tho a^.-.tindcd bill and, uvcn cc.:;- 
plainant clectin- to atand by tho bill, in (iihM;ic;rinr; th.v; bill for 
vant of o'.uity. f'e ocnnol ;.i-.;rf.e rith tho contention, aiKi are cf 
the opinion, after ;• oarc"\u r^iadin^- of tho bill, thc:t th.J acticn 
of xhti covrt -..■as proper. The al loy//.t icn-i th'-.t the dcf-ifuiant 
"cau^'Sd your cratrix to file'' ht^r bill for aivorce, tj.:it tha de- 
cree of divorce ^'■■:;ac> r.rocurea at the inr-tance of ta-; daf cn-daiit, " 
th'it thri filin:i cf caid bill tm^ the ..--uu^-^e'iu.int •;: rococdin,-.'j cul- 
L-iinaLinj^ in ^aid decree v^oro "brought about by the fraud, ccarcion. 
duresa and undue iriTluence cf tha dtifendar.t, " that :5a3 ..a:' "^:eri- 
tally incoinpetont to transact bucinoss or consei:t ^o fiia a bill 



for divorce," tl.-t doT^nJant "ccn^rlr^d v,itl: aU a 

rile tk- bill, :m.vI t-ir-t, "bc;^ 



?Tilli£i: '"Gi:ro6:ior" to oaure I/jt ic 
caucc cf thD paralyaii^ of her 7;in and tlic nartal incccp i^tcncy un- 
cior v;;aoh oho wa.3 tii^ifarinj^ ^ho -a- t;nnbla lons^^r to r^onint the 
attacks of her hunh^nd ard penatlel .laf^ndunt to c':T-'-y out hi^ 
cieai^ns," are, 7;o thin>:, mors cor.olu:^ Icn:- cf th-5 rl:=a:ior. rx::":- 
cicnt f;ictr urs m>;: lU^^ted to warr-.nt tho.o cc-cnunion. or any cf 
th.irn. "A bill to ii .poach a jxja-n.ent cr .iciorce fc^r Trau.:. :::u-:t 
i^pocifically ^tttc the: fcot- rslioi on a^ ccn3l. itutin,^ tha fravi. 
Th.s ploaJer i:: ret roc.uiraa to ploa.. the eviuOi.a£, but rhcula 
Di.aLo the .pcoiri3 f.ot. v.hioh zo to e;^tablinh th.^ fr^;..!." Cltun^ 
V. r^iun^, 1:^1 in. 30^, 31G.) "^ party allc::in5 Trauu -unt ntato 
in hin pleaiiriijo the fact- rcli.:^! upon to chc^r fraua. I-cra ocn- 
cU:^-icn;3, of tho plsader without ;-vor;:ontR as to 
r^iurort an aUev^-ticn orfmui." (;^lIXli3Ii v- ££I-£iZ £. 



;; ./ill 



■:c-./'.n V. 



ll;i 111. Apr.. 42 V, 4b7.) 



ii'.^l/ UiJ' 



cg;; 111. 33, 4 

Furthorrriors, it a-psaTs Tori th.^ .aic^-ticn^ 0^ tha oil: 

aooivio in .iv^^tion v/ao crcu-ht aocut by ccirplainrint tc-tifyinii to 

certain aotr* of cru.^lty or: th;j part cf tha defand-rt, ^^ni cha al- 

lerc'c- th;rg r.er teoti-;ony r-in ^o '-...viu c.o«s ,-.w oxu... xi- ^::.: 

Peoelver o" "rie niil-.'ay , 4'.: i:. J. ::)a. 573, 531, it i^ aai-I: "A 
ccvrt cr ociuity inny ur;qu:.^t j crably aT.rul a jii^ff^^^^nt cr dooree vrhich 
has beer; obt^;irie.I by frr^ud, but, in order to ju'^ti^y r^uah an o::ar- 
Gi3e o^ Fo;-or, it r;:un bn r.a.iQ cloarli^ to appear th:., the j-'P--^'^ 
or dcicroe hu^^ no othi^r fcund-tien th,.n rr^;.u... " ".nd in ox:r or^inicn 
^na- allC(r:^ticr:;. to the cCrect that aor:.v;lairiant v:ir. in .■^iioia^ir.ry 
uistrooG ar^d suTforod vexation and armoyc;noo by tha act^ oC uo- 
rordunt ao not chcv auch coercion, dxxv^ii^i^ an.. u.:Juj in-^l^:.:no3 c. 
the doCondLint as jur^tifien th:^ r^li^jf asked. (M.hl:l_v. ---^■"--• ^ 
11 Colo. 15, 33; 7r-3rich v. "hc:\ -d — , l-'c '^all. 31d, 0^0, drc :^r 
V. Co,ller:d2r, 105 111. 83, ICO.) Hio all3,:08 t-.t en tho x:C:.rin,i 
of the divcroe action oho did not t^oti^y r\:lly -^ to r.11 tho 



_j 






Z'i)-i icea nci- a. 



cia not krow ^vuat .he ^;xo .:oi:^-. -urthor-cro, vro uc ^c^ llar.k 
xh^t ll.o bill ;^ufricien;,ly c:crlaii:^ v;hy, if t:..^ .iivcr33 .Iccros 
v;aa coo-^ined by fraUd, dura^^, etc., a:; ciiarvo-i, ^ha ^7aitCvi for 
reurly a y.:.T Laforo filii'-; l.cr bill. 

In vir-." cf v;hat, h;:.;5 boon ti;id it 1^ vir.ruod--ury I'cr i.. 
to .;iGCiiG5 uOiC^JcXt'i point, a:^ri-iv^da8 crce^^-^irrcr, U.at tno 
courL erred in not ;n::^tainini dofondant 'i; r;;oticn lo ui;-..io5 oc:..- 

iilaii'.ant '0 ajr.tji.ded bill. 

The ucoreo o: the Tupericr Court i^^ a"fir::.od. 



^a3- 



h\^ 



'Zuo - ^vij?; 



^?. 13 1915 



1 vc. 



GA'IDI.-".?, ) 



l^r. JU^TI^': C?IOT^:IY 



!,' u r. i C- .1 ;■ .'. ' '- ov. t 'j 

0/ Ci:icr.^o. 



^ ^- vi -^ .^ r|i /L^ ;*^ 
;„■ ^-^ ,=ii.^-i:;i0 j^ss* "^ O 



lFz: 



i.^- r 5 cover 



; C' .; ^. ' - 



pc; 1 Co\:r-c or CI.lca;;0 v::- i:i^i ^:r;?^.^■ =.: . C %^ ;•-:'; -5::, 

ord^r oT ,^I;-.i:Uif f for r-65C^ .f.ay.. jrt of vrlUcn .:■.: 
f icinaarii,^ ..a\ uj.£>o to recov--- .ai ;-.r- " ' " 

count ^t-twd lor Ocir t::iii; f\'r iiituv;;^ ool-l c.ri Cv^: 
trisd b;ifor3 ti:i; Ov^tirt '•.ithout a jury^ r-^ul^i- 
jiidy^eni for "750>S2iri8t o^cfor^do^.t. 

tat -^vhicl: pluc;; cj- carrlod on i-. 1u.lM 

1C13, oi ii ne^:^..^i.o^r knov^n i^:, tLj Coi,.o;;o :\ix;i.:v.incvr. 

;:,30t ooiitoin;;.. tha head-l'O-o: ''^^llinz out. f..: 

i;:;:., of on. of Chioaio'o r:.o.t far,l.ic-obl3 lio;, .c, Jooi.tod c.t :,i4l 

.^n folloo^o a adscript i,.r- of tns 

:: o^oicluf- 
::.; ::>30- 
: i- lota 



. ^-j. i. ... .i-iv- 






avomio . ~'-co^-o, 
Tf3 . -virtiai- 



a; . , 



■ iohi. -.. ; , A oO-roo:i: i-;.:i:c:ion. " 

A.-nitor^, ru:v^, i: ric-f.-f rpo, poi:;i-i.v 

lo^ v^oroo: "flvjrythino vo hc/>'3 i^ prao tic ally -■^-■•f* ^'• 

.ut3ly no ■■■■J-^v ot all. -..i-i o^-^ ^-y ol .1:^ -o^^--^^ -^-t- 

' r. All r.uot 03 ::cld a:io r2::;ov:i.- :.- -^•-•" ■ ^ ,...'o..^c. '<-, 

"iv conduct tf-iO .i"'li', Vi «: OlO C ;50. 



.o.L.LV s:;k.^ 



[ 



oO EUi ij pi;.;ro!T 

Thj'ovinars of tfis houss vil' 

Ly th;;ir oirvootz;, ano v;iil < 

out tho ]iou.:.o ^.c i.ay ti::.o botv.oiu th3 liooro oi ;. rv. .. -;-. i- 

If oonvoni^ot c-;'l today ar^d.^^sv-ni/i:-;. P:;f/:VooG2o 0^:0;.-.:-: oa."" 

V-i:ilair:r st I'o. '■^"?:"? 



. o..ShJi cLafsndef-^t ov/i)-; 






Vircinrio;^ av^ituj;. "'h^ osconi flat v.-.3 v■^,0 2:^t ^i:i ^I:ifJnJ:^nu lu^jti- 

fiid that :^h3 ■'Vvi::: asij'irciic oi' T-i^roh^xs-infr fu -rnit-ur j, o':^., ior ■::-:l('. 

vacant i'l3.t. Ddi;inJ;:r;u enn :;::r i-u^litoi^ ;;rvi^" noticj;! .:,i.^ ud- 

|.virtii.;ii::c!r)t^ callid at Xo. c^:4i :iv; hi ;;..>•' ::.-.'::::vj c,: r-ani.'-y ^Vij^ii;);;-^ 
E-ipcirrb^^r ^Btxi, :.vr:d a-.3t V::z. liru;: cau^h^ vif^j o;:' :-l:.intiif, ixai. ifv-id 
Vurious axticl^j of fi^rni (.ur.:; Sik- hau^i fi r:ii:;-':ii":^.s, ir. ^uir^d at to 

th3 cries and decarteo, ;.'ro, oi^u.-'L^u^ii tjstifisc' t;v::.o t>:t;; ::&.z a 
J- 

1 partner vjiti: plaix^ti :^f It. his buoinsoo^ sn5 that -.-.hile on ;:.'id Gun- 
day 3V;inin2; sh3 %ao iihovvinf; carte in furniiu^i to hi finder.": _, ta.; 2at- 

1 t:3r stJtsd: "Th^-a thin:^e look nri-," sncl that zh^ rijii^ii: "''^3 do 
not odil £,ry caconvJ-hDnd ^orc.3; thjca thin'~.:: -ir;,; '"ih.i orn.: ::-i.v." 
On i.'oniay o;t;:;rnc;c-i dafanicint arain call-;;'.; ■.;n;\ ;-;2; :'i?.inti'f ::'nl i:?.de 

' a further oxarninstion of th^- furniture av;-i fur'.i^:hin^3, 0.:... on tha 



. ;. 'J j._ . 



^•-^--'-j. --^ 






3ii2;3 eviiiin^, >.ASiin;.ant and i.sr wv:u^;;C5r g.;> 

and v;ife i-.::! esi-iCtad variouo artioias o.t : 

i'300, D = r2nua::t [;:av3 pir-intifi h'jr ch3ch fo;:- hiCO -:n.:. p::-.:-. 

pay tho balv-noa v^hsn the !^o.:;dy -^iro oslivirea. p;./;ii.;tif ■' 

qusntly d^co^itad the ch-sch o.nd the; n-n^o v/;.;-^ :-::i". ?::;.i:-.t 

tifiisd th&t, before aofond-uit a^_rood to huy ;:^ny ;2::ooj c5f ;:.i: 

told b'-r thpt hi \/% a in th^; husin^oS or c^lhi;:^ n^-:. lu '•:'•! •.■.; 

f .and tlac as .ioon aft hs ;;:>;.da 3^1 = ;;; hi r3pJ.^;co.^ thf; h^-'-"^- ^•^■•-■ 

li^-;. stoch. On Tuosd^/y, S.;; ^^jtiih-r dO:;h^ th;- -oods ivi .y:.-.:jtioii -3r3 
dalivorad ut dv;;i>iiah-;ht ' e flat bui;idi;;^■, hxit d^jcer-dant r;f-.- Jd to 
; ay ii-ici d;-.l7:nco, ?l:;.i)itiff tharJuyon c'-ll'--: c.r> di^'^ecdiiit end car- 
t;-in n32:oti^ticn3 -r/ers h:id ra-Buitin^ in. tha ry-r.;-5' -^nt th:^ t uafandant. 
::ouid haap ?.ai of tha rocdo, oxoayt oortain h^c-rooi;-. furnitvra o.;:.ount. 
iny to v:idO, and dafandant oeliv„r--'; to rlvintiff tha AuSc ohack, 
.?.o-d a f='.. da.yB ahaad. -j.intixf taatifiad that at tha uiia tha 

I ch.iC'k wac r^ivan dafandant r^i vust; tad hi-?; ta i-roou;iN 






pay v^ithii: a ::.^:v aays. D^f-ixiJcnt -hil^ ■.: -ittin- thi cov;v^r£:^.tion 

r:;:;l:i::o ii^iy rrori-iiii; to i;:^y :''iCO tl.^reror. Cubi? -^.i-intly the v^i- 
check v,cs riturnciO. to plv.iutifi: v;itli th3 ^n:ior^;S'•. ant t::C:riOT: "?.y- 
Ksnt Stopped." ?l:?.intifr th3riu::on tilerhoned o.ciinaant i^r- i"^- 

-uixed uhe r5E.aon for ht;r action, -u.i ci.s replioa tnat -h^ cli:;. not 
visrit ar'y ox ihj i'l^rniLura £i:d TS:-:iis:\i-^ci oliii:tixf to co:.-vj end r^...0V3 
tha !y-r.;e fro;;. i;^r ::ro:;.ie3s. Plaintiff r^^^rv:;:^;?. t" do trvic t-nu cvcsa- 
ciU;.i.tiy co.-.:-^.-c5:i tnia suit. D-^i^n^u^nt toc^ifieu on th^ ucisl ti.at 
shs liad net -ucod s-ny of tns lurnituro, oxc, nn;. xhc.t thy car..3 v...3 
in stori.^- ^^ ^^~ ^^ '^--•^ i'--^'^- o-^ ^--'-^ 7^^'--'-^^ ^- ''••••^^ ^^-'-^ conoition 

v^rtiiicc^nt in .V- Gunc.sy l•^^;^3^ -co a i:U:^:. c.r^o fraudulent ono, trmt 
tho ripr^sont^.tionii th:.r^in ccnt^-in^d c^xi^^-^ l-^- ^o luli^vo tbau ohi 

cjuid i'urcl.^io 01 pl&intiif o. su;irior tr^a-l^ o: furni^uro anu iur~ 
nioiiin^i, v/liioh haa "be-n but iittli us-d, at :-. iov; oric-ij ..n.- tii.&t 
on account ci ci^intil .;'o fraud ^ni ni.s entitled «o re^^'^i-— ^^-^ 
jurcLtoo, upon tc^ndirin^: back the coo^o, -nd to ali^o rioov..r t:^ck 
^^■- ■'l.w o^io cv r--. ^"t:.- a c?.rifdl r^viuv; ud ^do eviconce, hov;- 
svor, v.o ard of tho opii:ion -hat, v.dile tne adV3rtiio::.ant v.as cii- 
cule-tad tw u^oiivs, d.afind?.nt vrae not actually d^coivod tn.;reoy. 
7;ij thini. ^].:..t it i£ diacloi;.;d oy s. vr^pondomncc; cf tdo <uvic3uca 
thst, after aefandant hs-d i;:ad., eovarai callo at plai-intixf « -^ place ox 
bnainsta &na before she contr&ctod to curcdaoe tbo ipoCo, ....e .vne./ 
thi kioci .nd quality of tne goods c:.^ vai Ccirch-cinp and t::at tne 
yiToitv.y-:. :;-3 nev;: furniture o.z-d not ooiriing fror;; :: "fashion oie n0i:-.e;i 
that i::.^ r.;C:^iV3d v/Lat sns bo.r£iuined for, and tn::.G the prices cnnrrod 
for the ^oods wers fair :;;nd reacon:.bio, v.e L:ur.r.;-v us-i/ t^.:at tne i^n..-= 
in£; SvHo n:dcr:.ent are contrary to u.:.3 1:^''- £.no the .:; :i;^;;nOi;, or s;^-vJ.ns« 
the vjei^bt of ths evidsnce, ao urpod by counsel, :..na v,e uo no^ t.-x-.n 



.t th;i trial ccurt cor- ^itt-,:' even errors 
Accorainfrly, tro jui-:;.^;i-t of 



or, 



uiunicip-\i I' 



AFTT;r,:;cD. 



a 



:l(i^^ APR 13 191! 



31 - 20104 



V3. 



ijeienaant in mirror, ) _^ ,,,, .,_^.,,^ .- ^..,rr- 

) 



BLHJAL.IIJ P. OTC'XL, 

ilaintiff in Lrror. 



Oi' Ci-i.l'wii.G-0 . 



eg jT' *f >t "^ (^ ^^ /f^ 



l.,R. jaSTIC:^ 3:. ITH DELIYrlREX* TIE OrllTiO:; OF THE COURT. 

An action was brouf;ht in the runicipal Court of 
Chicago by defendant in error, lieroerg, against plaintiff in 
error, wdell, to recover the o^xount of .,27, claxuca to have 
been charged as interest and attorney's feeo upon a certain 
collateral note of helberg v/ronGfully and v/itiiout any oasio. 
Tv/o dollars^ of the amount v/as excess in interest and ;,,25 for 
attorney's fees. Upon reviev/ing the record, ue think the 
Jude^Tient below is correct. The plaintiff in error had no 
right to tax ,,25 for attGr:.ey' s feec upon the payiucnu of 
the note unuer the terms and provisions of the note, hel- 
berg paid tx.e note, prooc^ting that C.deil was dci;;anding .,27 
more than .as dae. Odell was ..ot acting for helberg; he was 
acting for i'lack ik Company, witn ;;hoa ho had an office. \^r^en 
Helberg paia the .,,27 inLorast and attorney's fees uO.:.anded oy 
Odell, ne told Udell thac he woula sue nim for the excess. 
The judr^aent below is affiriried. 



20280 



JOHNSTON CITY COAL COMPAKY, 
D«f«ncLant in Brrar 



ADOLPH KUECKEN ANT MINNIE KUBCKEN, 
Plaintiffs in Error. 



ERROR TO THE 

MUNICIPAL COURT 

OF CHICAGO 
192 i. A. 2i67 



PULL OPINION NOT AVAILABLE 



''.a; 



APR 1 S 10;! 



39 - 20400 



LOUIS GOLDSCHlAlDT and 
i.:CATi;iCE 3A0:'-2.m:Mi , co- 
partners, doing; business 
as COLESCICIDT ^■. t>ACIJ;PJ:A11 , 

Plaintiffs in iirror, 

vs. 

GEORGE loESSAP.IS, 

Defendant in Error. 



) 

1 



iRROR TO EinaCIl'/JL COURT 
OF CHICAGO . 






HR. JUSTICE SriTH DELIVIIR:^:^ the OPINION OP THE COlJi'.T. 

This v;rit of error brines before us a juo.r/ncnt 
of the iunicipal Court of Cliicago entered Larch 2, 1914, on 
a finding by the court v/itnout a jury apainst the plair.-ciif s. 
The parties will be designated herein as they were desi£;nated 
in the court belov/. 

The second amended stateiiient of claim filed July 
25, 1913, alleges damages sustained by the plaintiffs frorr. 
the fraud, deceit and breach of ivarranty of defenuani in his 
sale to them of a moving picture theatre at 5506 bouth i.al- 
sted street, Chicago. It states the agreed selling; price of 
the theatre was ^3000, ;,;15C0 of which was paid on April 30, 
1913, the date of closinc the sale, and .4 500 of which was 
evidenced by plaintiffs' note for that amount due october 1, 
1913, secured by a chattel .Tiortgage vmich was signed by the 
plaintiffs but never acknov/1 edged. 

The charge in the statement of claim is unat de- 
fendant represented and warranted to the plaintiffs ju^t be- 
fore and at the time of sale that the heating and ventilating 
system then in the theatre in every respect conforiiied to and 
complied with all the ordinances of tne city of Ciiicago then 
in force and effect, prescribing and regulating heating and 



.^ 



ventilating theatres of the class purchased by the plaintiffs. , 
It is stD.tcd thnt the defendant deceived end defrauded the 

plaintiffs and was guilty of a breach of xiarranty in that the 

i 
ventilating/ systeii-i of the theatre at the time of purchase by j 

the plaintiffs fron defendant v/as not proper, Inwful, satis- 
factory and fit, but at the time v/as snd is unlav.'ful, im- 
proper, unsatisfactory and unfit, and taat the defendant had 
been informed before the sale of the theatre, and had been j 
notified by the city of Chicago, that no renewal of the nee- I 
essary license from said city to r^n and operate said theatre ; 
would be issued on July 1, 1915, unleso the city was first , 
furnished satisfactory evidence of the intention of the ovmer 
or lessee to supply a fit, ^^roper, lo.wful and satiafactory 

ventilatin,':-^ system in and to said theatre on or before October 

I 
1, 1913, o.nd a reasonable deposit made \7ith the city to i 

i 
guarantee the same; all of which matters and things v/ere knovm i 

to the defendant before and at tiie tine of the sale, but which 

he concealed from and neglected and failed to disclose to the ^ 

plaintiffs; that the ventilating system in the theatre was and 

i 
became worthless and of no value to the plaintiffs. 

The defendant filed an affidavit of merits on j 

August 13, 191L'), stating that he believed he had a good de- j 

fense to the whole of plaintiffs' demand and tViat the nature | 

of his defense v/as that he did not mnlce any promise or repre- 

i 

senationa respecting the ventilating system installed in 5506 

i 

South Halsted street; that plaintiffs did not rely upon any ! 

j 

representrtion of defendant as to the condition of the premi- i 

ses sold by him to them; or as to the ventilating system in- 
stalled therein; but that plaintiffs carefully examined said j 
premises and ventilating system, and the same was open to 
their scrutiny and examination before the purchase; and denies 



that the defendant v/as notified "by the city to instal another 
ventilating system ia the preinioes, rnd no such inforniation 
uas concealed froa plaintiffs by defendant; that plointiffs 
suffered no dt-iiDces throueh or "by any fraudulent act, r.iisrep- 
rcscntation or Lrcach of warranty on part of the defenaant. 
The defendant adr.its that he took poiosession of the the.-tre 
from plaintiffs ray 27, 191o, as alle£:cd in the staceaont of 
claiH), and claims to have done so "by virtue of said chattel 
mortgage, and denies all Luitter of conispiracy, fro.ud, decei6, 
jiiisrepresentation iind brcaci. of warranty, and denies that the 
plaintiffs suffered any daaa(ie due to his unlawful act. 

kucix space is occupied in tne brief and ar (;■ anient 
of plaintiffs in error bascu upon certain alleged rules known 
as Tvulcs IS and 20 of the :, unicipal Court, and ad.v.issic.ns of 
facts by the defendant in his affidavit of merits based upon 
the provisions of the above rules ox the . unicipal Court, ilo 
rules of the i..unicipal Court appear in t:-.e record and it has 
been repeatedl:y held tha'o this court does not take judicial 
notice of the rules of the :, unicipal Court. That part of ohe 
argument, therefore, based upon the px-ovisicns of the rules of 
the Municipal Court, caunot be coiisidered 'Qy us. 

Ko propositions of law were subiiiitted to ohe court 
to be held by the court in considering- the c;:'se, and, therefore, 
no questions of law are before us for review. The only question 
presented by the record v/hich is argued in the brief and v/hich 
v?e can consider is the question as to whether the Jud^.ient is 
against the v/eig-.t of the evidence. Upon reviewing the evidence 
preserved in the record we find no reason for saying that the 
judgiuent is P^^ainst the weift'ht of the evidence.. \le do not Vaxnk. 
the evidence shows that the defendant v/as guilty of any fraud, 
deceit or breach of warranty in the sale of the theatre to the 



plaintiffs, xhe plaintiffs inspected the theatre, in^pGcted 
tlic heating and ventilating syste... ;'na raade inquiries in re- 
i^axd to the iiaj.ie at 1:116 cit.y officer of the city of Chicof^o 
and pursued x.heir ovrn investif^ation to ^he e:cuent they thought 
it necessary .rith reference to the heatin-j and vcntilrting 
apparatus, and did not rely upon any stateaents, vurranties 
or representations p.:ade by the defendant. xhe v/itnesses were 
before the urial court and the vUu<!0 of that court had an op- 
portunity of stuaying the wionesses while tney were delivering 
their testhaony, and we cannot say that his concluuiono upon 
the evidence v;ere against the manifest wei{^ht of the eviaence. 
The Jud£i:inent is aifirued. 

APj'IK.: .0. 



I 
I 

J 



L\:^l 



y^^ 






116 - 20429 

I 

PKAMi. 1j. . TUli-^K, ) 

ijefeudant in jirrcr, ) 

I ) i:m;GR ?c :.:u:.icirAL court 

vs. ) 

' ) OF C;.ICAOO. 

PiiAi.K. Oir'AVA, ) 

tlaintiff in Error. ) 



i'R. JbdTICE SMITii DELIV^SED THE OiririC:^ 0? TH.r. 001}:".?. 

The defendant in error, Turclc, a licenced broker 
of the city of Chicago, received z'ji inquiry fro;;, one of his 
clients, Stanley : aisel, v/ho r/as loolcing for a three-i>tory 
property v/ith about six tenements. Turek took : aisel to 
Opava, the plaintiff in error, and si.ov/ed hin Gpava's 
property. C'pava had never limited his property v/ith defnd- 
ant in error, Turelc, nor had he e;..ployed ""urek to sell the 
property. Opava had never decided on any price for his prop- 
erty. Turek thou£^ht the property to he v/orth ..;80C0, "but 
Laisel offered ^9^00 for it, and, later, proposed to pay 
:?10,000, and allov; the seller three months' rent free of 
the pre^.ises occupied "by hin. Opava did not enter into a 
contract, but later consulted his attorney, rnd there being 
soEie objection to the title, Cpava refused to execute a con- 
tract. The property was never sold and Cpava is still the 
ovmer. Defendant in error, Turek, does not claim that he had 
been previously eraployed by Opava to sell his property, and 
no mention was made by either in their conversations in re- 
gard to the property of a cor.-i.T,ission or any other co.npensa- 
tion. Tne record shows that Turek was the agent of A:aisel, 
not of Opava. 

"To entitle a broker to compensation, he ...ust 



have been employed to negotiate the troncaction in connection 
,vith v;nich ^.13 services v;ere rendered." (19 Cyc. 217; Dr^ v. 

Hale , 50 111. Aop. 115.) 

"The fact that an o/mer of property coniients to 
the rendition of services of a brolcer, -.hich resalt in a sale 
of the property, doea not create an implied contract of em- 
ployraent and so entitle the broker to a con:.issicn. v.^ere the 
services were unsolicited." (19 Cyc. ^19.) 

The evidence aoes not sustain the judgi^cnt of 
the Lunicipal Court. Tne court . therefore, erred in render- 
ins a jud.:iaent in fo.vor of defendant in error and against 
^he plaintiff in error. The jad^aient is reversed. 



FI^^DIIIG OF PACT. 
The court finds that pll^aintiff in error, 7rank 
Cpava, did not eniploy Jranv v.. Turek, defendant in error, to - 
negotiate a sale of his real estate; that Turek was the agent 
in the negotiations of citanley Laisel. and acted in his in- 
terest, and v;as not tne agent of plaintiff in error, and 
plaintiff in error is not indebted to' defendant in error for 
services rendered "by hiiu. 



IQ^ 



>1 



'72 - 19663, 



TH0HA3 OHVAT/Jj and B/JIBARA 
CHVATyO., 

Dofendants in Error, 

VB . 

LEV (LION) iIO;:E;DTEAD AIodOCIA- 
TION, a Corporation, 

Plaintiff in Error, 



APR 2 2 1915' 



ERHCR TO 

■.iUiTIGIPi\J^ 00"JI-;T 

017 CHICAGO. 



1 



few' *& 



MK. PEESIDIilG JJdTIGE FITCH delivered the opinion of the court. 

Dofendants in error recovered a jud^rvn-nt for ('•"^'^ in the 
Municipal court against the plaintiff in error, a "buildin.?; and 
loan asoociation, in a suit brcur^ht to recover the v;ithdrav/al value 
of twelve aharea of stock in the association, belonj'rin^ to defend- 
anta in error. Ths association did not deny the fact tiiat defend- 
ants in error o'.vnsd the stock and had given notice of their desire 
to v.'ithdrav; the value of the Bare, hut clained that the money had 
been paid to theTn in this v;ay: that a vouchez^ for the amount due 
waa issued to them lind that they indorsed it over to the treasurer 
as a peroonal loan to hin. This was denied by defendants in error. 
It appears that sorio months after this alleged vouchor -..as dravm, 
the treasurer disappoared. 

It is ur'5^ed that tho verdict is contrary to the v.-sight of 
the evidence* We have examined the evidence in the light of the 
arguments cl' counsel, and are unable to a,gree .."ith this co'tantion. 
The evidence v;as conflicting; tho alleged vouchier had been lost; 
the genuineness of the indorse^nont upon the voucher v/as not sv/orn 
to by any witness; and under all the circumstances, .vo think the 
jury were justified in accepting the version of defendants in error 
rather than that of tho officers of the defenda,nt association. 

It is claimed that the coiort erred in its oral instruotions, 
\ie carjiot consider the alleged error for the reason that tho record 
shov/s that no objection of any kind v^^as made to any part Sf the 
instructions. However, a cursory examination of tho instructions 



^. J 



in the li.-ht oi' ths objection- horo n-do, Geo-;3 to chvov; th-.t 
tho objections ara not v/ell founisd.in cnj evc-nt. 

The j\:dsinent of the liunicipai court v/ill bo afi'irmod. 



Ai>VIH:'jJD. 



/ 

;sAHTr ;>H03. ft H.iH:'Y CO., tt / ) 

oort>ort*tlon, ■-, / ) 



V8 



• i 



\ / ) MU!fIOI.PAL JOUr*t 



/ 1 



/ ) OF OHtCAflO, 



corpora I. ior<, '\ / ) ,=^ — =. 

ppallant. ) -^ f> O T 



i, 4./ ■•'=-^ 



MH. PRii^iiJit^O JUiSaoE FJ;rOa delivered the opirion of th© oourt. 

Appjll.-i?a iiud ix contract ..ith the ait/ of Ohliiago for 
t>ie oonatrujllon of a flro anf^ims houae, ar^d, or vay i;!, 1^12, 
sublet tnw miil>vork to appeilloe. -y ths tor-s of the Mubcontraot, 
all tho nillA'crk tfa*< to b© d«ilvare4 at th« bulldlnit not iat«r 
tha« Juna 1^, ISl^. Hone of it wue. In faot, d«llv«r«d up tc that 
tlrae, and mot.'t of it vkh daUvared durini^ the norths of Auguat ard 
September, tn-i, l*i»t delivery batr.i^ wade on .;*i»ptanber a?, 1012. me 
oontrtiot price »:iQ l^-^GO. A pnyrwnt of ;?r.oo on aooount w«iSJ made on 
o©pter«bft»r V? , lia2, flhlah, with oredita aroountin??' to ^lU' for u-orlt 
Ofldttod by tt«roe»nt.rt, *aa all that tfae ever paid Of the oontraot. 
Appall wa brou^'/fit suit for the raisalnder, ol&lxninF. tho aurn of 
M, 04^.^0 tmd intar'.>at. Appellant *.i defense «raa that it had aua- 
tained dararea to -xn araount exoeediR;^ the amount olatmed by appellee 
b^ouuab of uppollae'a delay in fumiahlnir the oat»rlftlo. Upon this 
iaauo, a Jury returned a v^rcilot In favoj* of the plaintiff for the 
full anount of Its olaia:. and Judgs^ent followed. The defendant 

appeal 8. 

Appe>lant oor?pialno that th« verdl -t i« manifestly oontrary 
to th« preporderanoe of the avldenoe, thut th'> riourt errod in ad- 
rnlttln>/ certain evidence, and that the oral Inatruotlor.s were in- 
accurate and misleading. : It will only be neoeHeary, however, to 
oonrldor th>* laat or thene oontentio-^a, for th.» reaaon that after 
ur exurrlnatlor of t).e evidence in tha record, «e ^xr. of th« opinion 
th.a tha ^rsTlX.^ of U:e ca^s .ro, to aay th« lea^t, .uffioiently 



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doubtful to cTittkd It ifflDorturt th«it trje injstru'TJtior^s a'-crili be 
ftoouratfei and fre-* Vrom ambi^jity. 

iJBhiie* It -.vaa net aenled that th© pljilntiff avontuaily 
furr^iahadl -ill tJio «iat@rlala oaliard for by t.h© «ta»«oon tract, yat 
th«r« i'S (3c.nalfi9r»»i« evlderjoe tending to prove th«at tb,;5 plaintiff 
did. rot prcceed *lth raasonabl© speed under aii tho olrouwatttnceo. 
iJany lottora aere lntro:iuo«<i frOTt! ahish It appears that tho de- 
fendant TT^ad© repeated raqu«ata for amterl'S.l^, arrl raada frequent 
ocicplttinta ^T t!.4J plaintiff's clolaya» The ohiaf wltnosg for the 
plaintiff ad:sitt©d, ot". ore a s-axa?!?i nation, tJuit thg dofei'vlant wad© 
"eoorea of r^^'iests" for the mors prompt delivery of rtiaterial. 
ih«rt5 i*i evid«na« t«r:dir;g to pro^9 thiat !no«t or th«a© r«qu«ata -^rsrs 
lif^nored bj,' tns plalrtiff. Ihera teaa avldenoo ten'iln,<^ to prove that 
the bulldinK aan practically ooraplstetl, except for t' b mill work, 
•arl7 ir July, &na that defendant daairod to turn ever th« bulld- 
inp- to U.fs c1 ty on ^uguat l-^t, but wasd prov»r<t?Jd froD 30 dolnjpr by 
th«s failure cf the plaintiff to oomplet© Ita part of the work, fhere^ 
•waa tilsjo ovld«p.c© t©ndir:<j to prove that on aoccunt of xh^ failuro 
of th« piiiintiff to furniah tna Hsatarlal aa r«qu«at8'i, it cost th« 
defendant r^or.9 th&r. it «otild othor^is© hava coat, to finish the 
building* it i^i olairaed l>y appal lea that it cloariy appears from 
t(ie svider.ce, ti at the ti»^e lliait specified in tr\o contract (June 
1':', l:.'l»i) "XiJi-j waived by tu@ conduct of the pfi.rti*5S. Ocriceding, but 
dltnout decidin?;, that thl3 is trua, the luw nevertJieloas irapoaed 
upon appesllee tr.u auty of ccrspleting ita contract iifltMn a reuaon- 
alUe tirrre th«re«fter. ( :^ rave a on v« Tqboy, ">"• 111. ^40; Pit t«bur^ 
Xrcn 'f; ■T.teel t^tm. Go. v. National Tube ^orkB COy,. IB4 Pa* -it. 2f^l; 
>o owan V. Araerloan Tan .lar^ ^ -J o.., It; I U, a. r^'^fi. ) »vhat i? a reason- 
able tiwe, ii.5 a queation of fact for tha jury, urder All the oir- 
cumntiincos in evidence. 



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rh^ court inatnjotel tho jur»; thntt th« plaintiff waa 
obliged, i-', crdor to oorsply wlui its contraat, tc delivsr ail th* 
KRtsrlftl called fcr In Ito contraot by June Irt, 1^- Mli>, jjrloea It waa 
■pr«v«nt»d frcTO jjo doinsj; by the il«f»>'?riant; that t^« 'idf^ir^da*-;! wms 
entltlwl to recover a^ damages ail dxperoaa inourrad by It by roaBon 
of ftrty d«lay or. the }>art of thtj plair.tlfft and that If th« jury 
firja froK ths «irvld«ii!;0<9, tt-iat tb« d»f©rKi«r.t »ould iiave oo-'^pl«ted th© 
building on AU/^.ust 1, lv«lii, ©xoept for the deluy In %h& dall vory of 
th« niXXtforfe, ther deferdant «<»» «ntltl«d to r«oove»r its expe-notts 
fcr liioepln^-: »at3hn?an und other eaiployae :»t th® bulldl.vig aft^r that 
dat©. 'io objection i»a*j mad© to tJUa portior; of ths oral c^wir/^a, Th« 
court ti'-er toil the jury* ho>i»«v»r, that If thoy bdllw^ad, rro?9 the 
avider.oft, that the failure ti> deliver thtt wllla^ork " by June I '^a 191^^* 
*as due to t--^ fault of the defendant "in nut having th» bvjlld'n^ 
suffiolontiy udvarsoed to porrait TCdaauroaaerta" to b« ta^«jn, or any 
othsr reasori rot attributable to th« plaintiff, or i f th^ dof^^ndiir.t 
did not kno-A and aould not ij^for-ts th** plaintiff until aftsr J\m9 If? , 
5sra.t TJUt'jriula and what Qi««a a?^d dlnsonaioKs it waKt«d the plaintiff 
to Aarjilsh, them defaniant should not ta« allow«^ ary deduction on 
aocour.t of the faot timt naiteriftia »9re not furr^lahed bj^ .r un» 1^ 
ihft Jafvarraar-t tixo<spt«d to thla portior. of the ohar|i;«, atnd alao 
90»oifloaily «xc«pted "to t»ie failure to Inatruot that if any delay 
i»a« oauood iHuboeiuant to J^ tnc I fi^ ^7 reason of tlJ« default of th« 
plaintiff, that uhes defendant ia ertitlod to reoovKjr dtt'iagiea for all 
tne ti*-'!* dofandant kept Juan on the Job and for all ©xp»n^«ja oauvJ*»d 
by ra;son of auoh delay on the part of th* plaintiff." 

Apparently th«s oourt felt that the fir^t portion of the 
inotniotion-s suffioi^antly covered the point thus ou/,^eat9d l:y d-^- 
fenvia.'-'t'a ooun«elt and if It were olf«ar from the evidence that there 
had btmn no unreaaonable delay en plaintiff '^^ part -^ubaequant to 
June IP, loia, or if It w«rfl> clc'ar that evioh delay oauoed the defend- 



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arit nc additionfti @xp&na&, «e arould h& inailn^d to hold that th© 
rorus&l to instruist »« reyi^'Jted wa-^ h&rwieoia error, in vi(s« of 
the Taot, honny&Vp that tnero sua ®^t(i®RC9 tandiris!: to prove that 
oy^-x thouftt. th'w apftciried tisae limit waa waived, the plaintiff 'sa 
pfirt -of th<5i iSorK- was unreasonably delayed aftsr Jiana ifi, I'^li, ■«© 
think tfvw instruotlOR*! aa given arer^ On-abiguoua and wialoadlnf*. jis© 
Jury snay afsll hav« imd^ratood t'mir&from that if ths apaoifi«d tisjo 
11 rait wa5 waived etrtd tho plaijit,iff ♦© wori^ »aa avontuftlly oojnpl«ted 
and aooept«d, then no delay on the part of th(9 plaintiff oQQxtrring 
auba«riu«r<t to June 15, liUii, would oonstiutte a d«f«»ng»», no r-^atter 
how prolonged It «».i£s, or how ©xp^rsiv© to the d®f8r5daiit» ouoh is 
net th«!* la*, &ind w& ara wmbl« to mif that tha raauit *rO!iid fauv« b«»n 
t^i« «>»''!«« if ih« instruct Ion -.» had b®«>n fr«© frojs thi% ainbipuity mention©^ 

it ia ijrg®d, how«vor, that tlis dafendant waa precluded 
froro ma^inf, ihio d«f*9ni<® far tiia alleged reaaon that it did not 
oowply vrith tlun tennai of its aentract with refsr©Tic« to payronta as 
V.I& i'or-'n pro;5r®4sed. j'ho oortract provided tViat payments should h9 
mad® "en trse bnaia of ci6% of tho vaiua of labor and raatorlal deliver- 
ed and in piao©, hsj allowed by th^ arohiteot's oertificatoa." i'hs 
only A*chttaot'a o®rtinoat*»s ir. evideroe !»r<3 tlioae tj;iv«sn from tira« 
to tloae, to tht> defendant by the oity*» aroMteot, and th^a© do rrat 
ohow th« "valu« of labor firid rnatdrial delivered* by thw plaintiff, 
I'Or auftht that appaara z*ro'?! the avidonoo, th@ pay-aor.t of ,;500 in 
September, together with th« or^dit of $11-^ above ra«ntion»d, raay have 
b©<an all thut wua duo to th« plaintiff at that tln?o undar tJiane pro- 
vialons of tho cootraot, fn© reoord does not support thia oont@n- 
tion of &pp0ll«©. 

■ ?or thcj r0u:9ona fltJit«d, the judgrs^Tsnt of tfc« ^sunlcipal 
aovurt will btf ravsraad and th© oaua« r«r*and<ad. 



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Ta, 











1 Q ^ ^' ^ O Q q 

X *J '" -^ • z^*' CJ o 

!!H, pI^gaiDXK'-: JUaTiajfe FI-i:Cji cioliver^d the opinion of the court. 

Appi^iles ator»d hia houaahold fumltur© In a wftr*>"hou3e 
cowiuetei "jith^r by i^|>p*jllar.t, a cerpcration, or by '?. c. r:e.3bi© 
% iirt5.» a pcirtri&rshlp* Appallaie cl»l®w that at tlm© tirds the 
goodii ^s>r^ atoreti. It waa s^.rsad that th^y f'.houl J b*a istorod In 
a rirssproof roo;?5, cr a roots witJi atael-llrcQa walla, ana that he 
paia & higher atora^s® oharro on that aaooimt. ' The goods wers not 
put into a. flr.sprcof roorn, but into a rocra aith socdsr «slla» 
wh«r6' t.nsT wesrts deatroy^i by fire, althout any rseglii^ano© or. th© 
part of &pp':jil«3t, Ttila suit aaa br-ousrht to reaover th6> value 
of the goo4i3 bun?»d» and tba oa;3'S was triad upon tbfi theor? that 
at;>p-_'liant hud broken Its ooTtraet, and that th© prcxliaat© r«»ult 
or isu3h breach ^ai tha to ^.^4. lea i ot appellee *s, good,-?. A veriliot 
jSfeB rsnderdd In fiivor of appoll9« for |«5f), ard frofs a judf^ant 
er-terod on th&%. v»rtilot, th« dlefaiidant appeala. 

It ia firat lirgad that aaauffiinf? auoh a ocwtpact »a>^ '^'ade 

&« wiia ol3ili3«d l-y app-«H*?«, th<5 bre&oh of mich oontxract was rot 

V th# proxlBSiite otiu^a of tho loaa of app.-liae'a ROoda» In aupncrt 

App. 
of tbla oontentlcn, the oas© of McHae v. Hill, 1*^-"* 111. ^349, Is 

clt«^. In that oitoo, a ffarohouaonaa arxe^d to atoro tha plaintiff *«» 

i;oo<ls in ar Ir side rco:3 of hia warahousje. Ths good* *9r« at tirat 

placed in that roon, but afterwarda, without tbe knoarl'^A^e of tbo 

pl&tr.tlff, thiry »-9r« reisovad to an outalde rooro, nherti they were 

darnagod by a fire tlist oriKln-tted in another bulldlni? anJ srarea^ 

to ths warebouaa, TH© court ht»l i thfi.t the firs, and not the def^d- 









"' r 



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% 

• crqA ■ ■ • 

nft.*-5: . -:s '-:i....Lhff Tr. ., . -,.. ;< > ,. -.;.^f :!-ro Jnrij nil i$ v^ t>©3««al 



ant's bros*oii of contract, .vaa the proximate cauice of the dsir.age 
to the plaint iff 'ti goods, and for that roaaor. held that the -flare- 
houseman %us not liable under thu facta sbosn in that oaa5>. The 
opinion of the court recognizes, hov^ov^r, that the general rule 
ia that a warehouseman lo liable^ for the oonaaquenoea of any breach 
of hi a ooTitruot "whloh might have h^en foreseen and expected aatbe 
resulc of 3uch breacri.'' The opinion quofcea the following langtjag© 

froiii tliC' coin ion of our .^\xpremQ Oourt in Font v. ?. P. 'j-. W. Hy. Oo«» 

2 
5^ ill. 549, (which, in turn, ia a quotation froTn ^Parsons on Oon- 

trticts, 4;'6): *We have boer> dispoael to think that there is a 
principle derivable on the on'^ hand from the general reason and 
Justice of the question, and on the other applioabla a?, a teot in 
many cuees, and perhaps useful, if not deciaiva, Ir all. It is, 
that every defendant ahall bo held liable for all of those con??e- 
quencQs which might have been foreseen and expected as the results 
of hiB conduct, b-at not for thoa© which he could not have fore- 
seen, and %'uu therefore under no nsoral obligation to talfo Into 
consideration," 

In Phillips V. Dickorson, Pf! 111. 11, It ?;a3 said, quoting 
from Mayne on Daraagae-, p. 15: "Tl^e flrat, and in fact the only 
inquiry, in all tlieae c&aes, ia, -.vhetber the dawage complained of 
is the natural and reasonable result of the defendant ȣ act. It 
will aeeu.Tie thie character if it can be sro'An to be such a conse- 
quence as, in the ordinary oouroe of things, would flow frora the 
act, o r, in caaea of oontraot. If it appoars to have been contem- 
plated by both ptxrtiga." (Italics ours.) 

in the cusa of ^icRae v. iiill, supra , there wa.- app&rently 
nc. evidence tendin>r^ to prove that the inoide room eelocted by the 
T^laintiff -,iix& ary more secure from fire than the roon to which tho 
good:. <a;rs reE'Oved, except tlie nere fact that tha latter room was 
an cutBide rcoia. Nor wti« there, apparently, a^-y evidence tending 
to prove that the inaide room was selected by the plaintiff because 



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^:'i' '■'■'-■-'1 ■'.^''. 'Tu-.;"/ , '-vi.i-.j 'J\." ..n-^y.r ^/I'.n ^ rt'.. ■y>,fU m-^ ,.g^ ^ntl&w 
■*^f':' y^o^. i-mr^- -'-f'^ri is^ st/^oc n-s .'J: 'tt ,^«X«^**i-?..>'> *;o ficavrv,- rfif: .to- ,i©4 



©f Its 2tsppQ%9d t'^Hfftjnitj' frcj?. firs. In ottior ftoria, there aas 
notbln^ in t5iJs.4 ob.^'S %o ©hoaf th-U th® 'liiris-ar frora fir^ ^aa atth- 
ta th<a «nrjt'i'?5^iatlo*5 o? th.? partis^^ at tha tis;* tna corytraot was 
^ji4#« i'irj thfi pr«!3«nit J5:as?»a» if tii^? CQi3tx»act '^^a.^ aujh as is clalta- 
&d hy o.pp*3^llfnif th^m It ia alaar th&t appolla© axprsjaly oontr&ot- 
&d with r9fera(?-i3€» to tho danger from rira, anil, thmrotov-i, the 
o<>ns«qu»rscsa rei*t:?ltin,i; froi^ n. flr3» »ltfx or without rj<»itllf^*r5^e ow 
tii© part cf appellant, w^re olearlf sithirj tb<t oont03tpl&ti<»s of 
t?5*5 E*fertl$^ at. tJhe tlsj* the cotitraat w^^g tntsda. Thlie fi»ot. In our 
opinio??, dl«tin^^l^sa %h& OKa© cf .'oRa® ■»• rjili, airgra , frc:^ f-s 
present oa&*, sE^id isaltea tn« <S«olslon it^ tJmt oaa® inaiJ^iieabl© to 

^0!hers a 'afarehc«:?©Rsn sxpr^aaljr contrt^ofea to atcr© goous 
and stores them instead in a building that is not of that character, 
in a fireproof m%r^y-oii--?», ^h& is llefcl® for lose by a fire rotmit- 

It^ from sh3.t©v<»r aaus® (4*5 cJyo. 43a )•! in ^li#^' v. Lcake^|> ^ bi Kfi«, 
14i:*, it waa sa^dt **fii:.=--r« was t»estlr«*5|r te^llne to sJ'-ow an ©xprese 
a.gr#©"»rt ta- s?tcr'j th9 ^oda Ir? a feri-jfe ^jullclirig, ajnl ^iiso that 
;joed6 3tor9<l in that buiXd-lns: *«re not injured by tb* flr« #hl^ 
d^str«.>y«d th^ fsd4oialt5;r wooder? on®, AssuT.ing that th^re »»s audi 
sn sj^roe'^nt, it follonf* that tJs® pl&olRg of the goods In a differ- 
ent bullrJirj?, a lil oh a ub j'^o ts d thea to £ rislg not gcnten^^lai>ri by 
the | ?arti«3 » ond arhsraln tbsy ««r<9 .a©3troya4 tsy flr«, ^alt^s* the 
&t>pelii*nt3 ilAbl»,s for the raaultin? Idsa* An »^ao"€fnt to 'xttrnp 
prop^rt .' in ;. <5iirtalw ktni of n builllne li? not aatltsfiM by plac- 
ing And keepirtjg It in a ;llfff5rent klofi of a sarahouae, isrspooiaily 
or-'3 i«o3 i»«?suri3 than tha klnt of »ar«hou3»a pra"9ldel for ir tho 
aj^rae-'ent. -• ?» » 'rh« »pi>«ll«a haJ a ri>3Tit to itjialat on Uio »«- 
ourtty an* ov^ry advantage* th«sr« i» in a brioV sf^iT^nousQ, asvi ahmi 
%h9 ^p'p^llarXa atf^-red th» i^oode in smothsr byildits^?., vhmvo tJ*.ey ««ro 
bumal, th«y nctda thstaa^ivoa li«>Jl*i for tho value of the goods 
dastroyoti.* r>*tHt oaie^ oStea in mjpport of ite conolt-uilon tho fol- 
lowlni' oaa»«! !.*oJur*.iy ▼. W&llblota iurritur© ^ Sarjxet Co., iM uirm. 



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.-.,*. . .:/. 



-4- 

Ski6j g!Ad30n V. UoluBbian iranp.fe r Co. , 137 yich. g5Pt LlHey 
"^^ i-*oubledr,y ^ i,.&. 7 w:.*?.l». 510: St. Lo^ky v. David sor, C asl. 
I '34&; Ha tchett A x^ro. v. .TibBon, 13 Ala. 5P7 ; and Put lor v . 

^5;®25®». 49 Neb, kif-Mi: and ail of thc-&©, upor oxar?lnation, will be 
found to austalr tine tneory of liiiblli Ly above sta&txl. fn a note 
to the caae of Wiley v. liOCke,. supra , Ro reported irs £4 l.K.a. 
(rJew ^eriog), 1111, tne cades on tias subject are ccHected, and 
tns editor states that "the \&ei,f<>it of authority sustains tho ccn- 
cluslon rev.ched in tbe above <^se, thtit sphere a warebouriesan nsakes 
an express apreer-eTjt to otoro goods in a certain buildltjg, the 
placing of the i ooda ir, a different buildin;T, a^hich subjects theia 
to n rink not coRteraplated by the parties, and therein they are 
dii-afted or dsatrcyed, makes the irfarehouses^an liable for the re- 
BUltinA; loBa." it is true that not all of thes** oaaes dwell 
particularly upon the uubjeot of prcximattJ cauas, but all of them 
either btate or assaurje ti.at wbere the ocntract for atoraf^e in a 
particular placg shows that & fire loss jc within th^' Gontewpla- 
tion of the parties, Buch a loss i^> considered as a natural and 
proximate consequence of & breach of the c?ontract by the Wv^rebouae- 

It i& next ur^ed that a v6r<3iot for the defendant should 
hav-3 bee.r directed beoauae, it is said, the evidence Bhowa that 
tna w&rehoua#j waa not operated by the defendant, -'he evidence of 
ft]>p«ll.i-- t i> to th'it effect, but the evidence on behalf of appellee 
tends to prove that appellant advertised itself aa operating a 
fireproof jar.houae, jith eif^ht hundred ateel-lined rooms; that 
thin advertiaetaont attracted the attention of appellee, and that 
the contract i^raa 'mde with appellant upon that understanding for the 
3tora;;e of hi 3 goods in one of an oh rooTis, «& think the prepon- 
derance of the evidence supports the theory of appellee in this 

r83"p9Ct, 



v,r:--^ ,. ;fi ... ^■J:>:is.di,ll '-:c y'i'.-:"':* -••5 ^ :•■-:'■ h;';? oi bfU-fq 

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^■■■•'^ V. -r ■■.•-»-i.U-i^:...i' .ti-'.;-:;? ■■■'i::;vs? Ju'-.;' Ji^^vqjr jijivi sbi-r «■;-/ tf^jt^ijfrgc «^H. 



-6- 

It is a.ie6© ur^j^ thutt, app«ila3».t iJ^a nv pow»r UTKi-sr its 
<3l3&rt«>r to op«i*r&i« a war&h©u@®» * 'h^ d«f «m»0 of ulj^i^i vlr#a 
can '-■«' sat up bf a gorporsttiw. Gnlj wh^n i^- hass fea^w by It 
sp««ialiy pi*»aaea»* t^il^i^^ pm^ua^i-iM?, 1'oaX v^o*^ 1^« 'iKR^.^ll*, 
\ 107 iii. App# :vfc4»} iiO »uoh spsiisiiii pi«*& »aa fiisd in trls case, 
ana th^re i>^ Rothlns of tiiftt »^.feur« 8©i. up In t?i?9 s*a'.ia«» of d®- 
f«ns«i ^itid^r wh« pl«& of ge^wr&i 1»*3U^ t>mt «uss riX©il ty aopsiliJint. 

It. i« ur;i#a tha^t Usg s^ooRd ^¥«i3 irsstrustioTs, « Ich la 
dtr©otory ir^ for??, oalts ssr afsaw^tlai #iss*??it of Uis proof, via: 
tja«it of an wiiagsfd 3»alv©i* of Uvu* ati^iatlor: far a^ fir^proot room^ 
'fbo raot tha'v aup^ille^ fene^-, ^^ ^hort tiss« b«fcr«> tiia ftra ooourr^s-i, 
th»t bi • ^:ood» vs^ra noi. dtop«i in a nr#proof rooa, ar^d fiailisa to 
tare fcn«*fci awaty, 4ua3 not *Kfr.3t.iuutss & «aivwr, noP taafcij ti dirr«r<snt 
(sontra-jt. H© testified tl*at h9 oaiiea «--p«llasit*3 attention to 
th& fact '.bat tbd gooct^ ««r« not In tft* stir^^lJit^d ro©?s, and was 
tola t"r-«r «oui4 fes j»lao*d tb«i>i-«. imt &^^n if fnid »«r^ not oo, 
;t;«;a f^iiuf© of aep.ai^.i to perform it^^ ©'^fltraat diii not ra^.jire 
&?i>«ii^-a to Oimoel or ?«aalna the am>traot, ii« )md ths rivxbt to 
in*iat upw ?-^>rfor?fi;^no«, *in4 tb«»r© ia ne tJvUanca tha^ U® arai^/ad 
thnt Tirht ^v any tis»«. ^or th9 aam« re^aor., it »a.5 not Mirror to 
refua© tn-.^ t«*^ off^r^a Irstryotior.a upcr. th^ 3a«© point* 

KindlrT?>. no r^vftralbl^ orrcr lis th© ra^ori, tia* iu-S^s^nt 



«■•■■•> ■ - • . •■ ■ - ■ ■ " 

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S57 - i^OSC^*?, 

JOHM X. JO I OK t ) 

) / 

i, ) / ^_ .,. . , ^ . ...„ 

\ /* - #^ o ^> 

;^L. PIiE^IDIMJ /U^iaS ji^iTCSi delivered ths opinion of the ootirt. 

Ar>pall98» lohn K. Joice, sued appaiart, Lt41a Sor^'^ar, 
for the vaiU'^ ef services rer.d«rsa In n«FOt1stlrig a snl*5 of a 
8lxtT-aor© iraet of land beion?;lrj' tc app<slXttnt, -Jpcn a trial 
before the court without a jury, at>p«li«o had l«d,>rrnent for tu^^, 
m^ d«f»nd^;t appeals, and oont^uria in this aoyrt that th=? ©vld- 
or?3« Is InsuffJalent to atipport Uie JwlgE^nt either on tha facta 
cr th^ ltt.9 fiff the oas®. 

'^h^ ovl.-lsnce cm i^ehalT of appell«© t»r*ls to prov« that in 
i^a?, 1913, appellant aet ^ prlo© of ^?^^»^00 upon her property, 
and agreed si in app»lle» in&t if h© sold It .she &ould pay hir^ a 
broifcr's co^laslon of flT* per o«rit.t that iJ« lndii*;«d a strs. 
Lau'^r to au^^ an off^rr of ISO.-^OO for thts property, a'nich af?*a re- 
fU93d, arl l»t*r an offer of ISSj'^O*), «^dc^i appdila'^^t anpeed to 
accept? that th»r»u?OTi the partiaa *rr»r.g&-d to :59«t at th^ office 
of a trust oampany for th» p«rpo.:a, of paylm^ the earnest ^oney aiid 
slgnins fi- fonr^ai contract? Uat t'"dc atipolnt^nt waa k-^pt toy ap;: 
peiloe and 'ra. La««r, but eaa not k^pt by appellant? tH^it at 
Isact on* oth-r llko appointrasrt was rm^d© ahlcfc ai>,?J<illar!t failed 
tc keep, ar.i that finally the partlsp- oat at the offl-.o of anpel- 
iu-^t*s uttorn«y3, »h»r9 it developed that appsll^t's hueb&nd r«- 
fuii©d tc nli^^ tho contract, and for that reason, 'r*^r attcrr.ay ad- 
vtaod h«r not to sign It. Tbore «a« evldor.oe tendlnn tc prove 
tnat -r«, i.'^uar *a^ ready, alllin^, ard able tc buy app«lliir.t»8 
property for 5SS,Orvo, ax>i that, in fact, sr-^ actually executed, o?^ 
h^T part, a for^aal contract to thi;t effect. Appeilar.t d0c,3 rot «eny 



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thftt 0he &utboriK*d »|»P©ii«« to ssii h»r prcpert-f, nor this-t «^© 
a.'r#ed tc &oo«pt/ the offer of ^^ro. L^uep, biit olalmi tfrat It «au 
understoo»i frot? tr.® feeginnin?i betssaan iiar and appella«& that ro 
L*^i«& ocJld ba Had© unl«90 h«r huatjarvi ♦ a ocraant oouli b« obtslTJ€Kl, 
Sh^ ftiftd el&is^is that aJia n»9v«r 5M=:ra«4 to p^i5F ar?y sp*olflea anount 
cr percentage to a*jp«il©« ns a eo^asiaslon for sakina; a 3alo« Uth»^ 
thSiJe qusations of f&ot» th# sylclenoe ts eotsfligtir^s?;, an4 aft«r 
Ju» oo?ujid»raition of t3i« @a;^»y sa are imabls tf> 3s*y tfeat w* thinlE 
tha fir«1lr.g oT tils triai court Is aanlf^stly a^atnst th« aeliRht of 
the «»vi dance, 

App@IX&nt eontaivis tJmt In ordesr to r^oovar In thla oa»fi» 
It ^5i« ir;a^i«n&<»nt upon appsil^e to a^sos? that an sr.foroet^bla cortract 
for & i$<il«s had b»«n astualiy estrouted by boUa parti as. In «jpport 
of tMa sOontarjtior:^ the oa*© of r-illa^r v. qaacrij^ ^ 1^". ill. zn4, la 
citi^d* i;<? io j5Ct uniierstarKi tJs&t o&ss to announce a«ob a rui© a» 
Ss applicable to ea3»» lit:© tn« pr©3«?it ona* It doe* hold that 
igh.&re a scntr ot isi. In f&ot, ©rit«r«i Into, and thm broker r«llea 
upon thdtfaot to aho^ that h« has earned his ootsT3l»9lor;,irj«tea4 of 
att«Kptin«; to provd that tb« purchaser prodixded by hl^ wa« r«a<iy, 
irlliln^; *nd »bl« to purohaa® upcri the t©r?^# proposed by tb« seller, 
th«n the contract so r«ll«d on rauat 6© a valid ar.d ©nforceabla con- 
tr«K3t, iut that 1^ not thia caaa. rhat the ooiurt did not intejid 
In that o«i«3 to arJiounco that tMa rule has any proper aaplloaitlon 
to «uoh fa.ota as st^Ti» »ho«n In this ease la ahoar? b? th» folloafing 
languja^^s of the opinion: 'ilae duty of a broker, who la «raploy«fl to 
d«ll r«gal estate, tsi to find ftjvi produce to thg vendor a p\iroha9«^, 
»&c 1« r«a47, wlillnj?: and abl« to oompleta ths» purohaa® as proposed. 
Thl* Ivi 3BUit 5o before h© is ®ntitl<Ki to any oorsiasion^* If th« 
vender rej|©ote th» puroh&»ar ao pr^duo^d, ths broker 1« bound to 
«^ow that «iiOh purOi&aor was oilling, roady and abl» tc perform; 
the cor.tra.et acoordln^ to the propoa«<i t«rna«" 



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l^ i^ftS. V, liSaii*. i-40 in, mit a 0&fli« ©f mi&h th« sajs* 
I aharaatsr s.& tt stt of Wilson v» Kr^aon, siipra^ the oeurt sits? »n^ 
I quotas frcr: tiis oariiar o&»«, t«it is? c^^rsf?:! also to ^a the fol- 
lowing? Btat#^^©rt of th® U3«al rul«, sppXlcut-i© to aaaes iiJr© tha 
present oasss *iijdr« a broker 1-4 aaploysd to a^li property by 
the ©wrser, if h« p^o*lue^»a a piirshaasr »ithln tfc© tl3s# liiiited fcy 
L his authority eno la r^mdft silllns: ar^a afcl* to purchase th« pro|>- 
l •rtir upor. t?>a tsj^s proposed i>f the seiler fas is #Titltl*5<i to his 
■soajaiasiorts, «v&r5 thois^^la tha seller refaaas to perfom th«s oontrsot 
i^r? hi a part* In i-yoh o^&^p fco«ev«r, it i rt90«««&ry for th« Isroksr 
to prov» t ^ rd&i1iiii»ija» »liiir-g?i««a ^rjdi «kbllity of th& piirehssar 
t^- te^ke tli« property on tha terms proposed,* ' 
L 'ih9 pjroof in this <jaa» !a0«ta tha p«q»iir«s*mt9 o^ th« rul« 

thu^ stated. To <»r.titl« app=*iX«« to rs-sover in thla ca®«. It was 
net Jteoaasary for hiss to shoa tH%t any ooTjtraot aaa, i?^ faot, algnsd 
by 5er«. Lc&u^r* iiia^l2iS ebo'afii that to aaiis 93plc^©<i ii® a brelf«»i» bjr 
app'i llant, snl that be foufKi a^^ proit3e«4 a pur<shasfert it «aa only 
■ex nsoes^^rir for h^its to sho* fttrthar that aueii purehaa«r *«fea raad7» 
Hilling ana abie to buy tha property upor^ tiia t^^r-is proposad. i?t»- 

ther tile oontraot sh» aid. In faot, aii?n *»s «rsforc«abl» or r,ot is 

for the reasons above stated, 
i^^a-terial und«r suoh 3lrou?^atano««, aS.si sail aa for tfte further 

rsason tbat appoiliknt did not objdot to the contract «ith«r in forro 

or substttTJoe, sml rtsfu»«ri tc ais" saiy (xmtrast upon th« sol« ground 

that her huabani aroulvi net B%m «ltn her, 

«p«rt fx^«J s»h&t h;^a b5.«5n «*i i aboT«, th*&ru 1-^ anothor 

reaacn why tho Jud|;it«nt eannot toe rav^i^rsod on aooourst of any In- 

»uffi?S?r«y of th» eviioroo, rtols oaa« isas triad aa a firat cl&89 

caa© in oontr&ct. -\fter tn» trial a ferrml bill of dxeeptlona waa 

pr#««nt»<i, ^Ic^ed ard fll^d in the oaae* XMs bill of «xo<»ptl<Mi« 

does not •h»» that the flndlr.ir and Jiidfwer.t of tiis oeurt were ob- 

jaotad tc, nor th«.t any ©xoepti«n waa taker, to tht^ judgfasrtt. F€>i» 



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th» rsaacns etntad In th*> oaasQ of .j;rll,l€|r ▼♦ Andergen , (lio. 
15^64^, ofinlor. tll«hi Catob^r e» li>l4), arui Pttotc Olngg uo,^ v. 
A?? ^ri oar;_ '/il?3 i|£;'^5, C o.3>. (t*o« ii?X)B^, apir.lon fll^a Dsc€Ksb«r :--.= , 
l*14)t »a hi^^o no authority to -ietrftr^itje th« qu««tioT5« of fast, 
nor to rsvlew the svld0RC«^ In %tm afca«nae of ar; ©xoaptiofi to 
thai judi^f^ijerst* 

S©vfer&l sjinor polnta are m&^de as to all<»fj;»4 srrors in 
the &dt^isslon or exolualorj of #viasno«, \?« hav* ?,lv«n «iy« ec«»- 
Aldersition to tha;5« a«ktt«r3, and without dSsouaaln^, th«gg sy^iatl^ 
<!«»» it aufflalsrt to aiav tnat ss* tfelnk ?j©n9 of siiois %ll@g*d 
•rrcra iis of rmifficient iaportsn©* to rs-qiulre us to revejrao th« 

fh© jiid?^jent of the Mimi^i^al court will bs afflr^asd. 



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a Corporation, |' ) SKHoa TO 

iji®r»n:iant Irs pTor, ) 

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ALLIANCE Aii«;JHA?v'^i^ OO^PAUf, i#9o ) 



hR* Pj.i'ioiijiiici JuSTl^f F-iTsSH <i©Xiv©r«Mi tha oplnior* of thu? oourt, 

;jy tlJl?« #-rlt of «>rror» It lij douglit tc ravl«w th«5 pro* 
c»tij4inj-;a «ina Judgasant of the ■luniolp.ii jourt Ir, a fourth olaB«i 
Oiia« In oontrnat, 7ht» plaintiff In ilmt ault sought to r«iroovor 
fr<^'3 thtii iief*5in:Var;t lusjuranae Qoapany, t.h<3 amount of a flr« lQa& 
cov<9r©4 by aw« iiiauronoa poiloy ibiu^d by ddremlant. The <36fO"n<lant 
i*ll«d an rtffltiavit of ia«rit», »t&tlrsg in aub«itiBino«, that tim ir»- 
sMnmo9 poiloy px^ovldod for an iapprMil»»sp.«r!t of th«» loma by 41^3- 
lnt«r®t»t»id aapralaara, timt auah an apprul aanont had fe®«n 3!ia<3l0, 
and the iowss wpprali*^ at ^5i»v, whieh lAJaount Ih^ dafiundarst off^^rsd 
to pay, but aeriwi llskbillty In tt,ny ftu-'Uiar ussoimt. To t>iio tJ>« 
plaintiff flir^d wn '"a.rfi-iavlt of r&ply,'* alla^im that, th© plain- 
tiff isa-'d nover ncLiri\5«d of the «5«l0otiOR of appralaorts, nor of tlje 
tljae t*-h»n «.ppra".la8r^''*nt would tow ia&4tt, waa n«v«r glvo^i any oppor- 
tunity of b«in4 haard, at^ that o»*oaus»'!3 of thaa* facta, th« ap- 
praid»-«nt wttfi not binding o« tlv^? plaintiff, A Jury trial waa 
h«4l, resmiltli??^ Ir-j a verdict in favor of tb« plulritlff for 1925. 
A Jud<§«®nt on th«j v^r'llot wa^ «snt»r<jd on ^sty c;"^, Xi?H, orJ on th« 
«a*r« Cltt/, &n ordor israi* <;mt«r#ci» «xt«ndi«^ the tl:o« "for filln/5 
«t«roiT«3kf>iii'> r«poi*t or atuto'^ont of faota** to Auguat 31, i;?14. 
On AUf^Uiit 7, 1914, an onier wa>«s onterad In V.)& Munloip*^! court, 
atatlnjJi that by stlpuiatlow of x,)\9 parti'i>a, tho tlirni for filing a 
stor.o;5r*phl<3 rooort *»« ^xtontied tin^ii tbe Bth day of .i«)pt»mbfsr, 
1L'14, and on a»ptorab«;r ', 1-14, a iiteroKraprilo report of thQ pro- 
o««diR -e ttt th» trial rtiiti fiiad. 



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A KOlion haa be-in E;ad« u. axrik^ th« «t«ftnographlo r»port 
frc-'-' tJ-^j rf>oor4, upon th© grGuri=5 that %h^ ord^r of Au^fet 7, iqi4 
wsk<» void, ard that th» Kujnicipftl oourt «a» wJUjout poa«r to ssIirt:* 
jmd place th® stenc^T'^ipMe report on fil«> aft«r Aus^et ;;u» 1914. 
UpoK tho auUicrlty cf Lasa srs v. w. aei ; r?^v.n iitgrAroahlp oo^, 244 111, 
^'■ro, ^r.a 0-urlit£^r i;Q;» ^. I^lofelnaon, m^7 iii. >,?, jarsa for th« reiaaons 

It la vir/.ad cy ooairial ror pis^lntlff in error tf^at tha 

rui© tmnouiria<»4 1.n ?.«<? o*ii«3®a abova olt*Sii i»i UKJiwt, ui.u"«asic-;:mbie nmd 

th«i» '^ru r l. ltai^ jr oase aijov^i oltMt and tisa oourt ther® suldt *Jto*«v©r 
that f-iti/ !.j"i» is.i-sh oan^truatlon sydnvi to bs* ths- oni/ fair a^nJ. r^iaaon-' 
abla on<;t fro;-a t^'Q -ffordlng of tha atatuti^. If it result© In Injua- 
tlc» to iltij3;ant#, ury i»u>|(';®!3tlansi for u ol'iannf^,*^ rraiat "bw ?id4reaB9<l 
to tb*6 Iwglalatur^i <43:ia not to th«* aourts," 

it is &l«o urg-isd U'wit tb«r 'i®.f©n4ant In error i'% ©stopped 
frora rmKlr.;, thla notion beo».ua'j thcj £tt<itnojr'i'a'W^Jii<s r*>port la -■;ar'k«<3i 
*■....•" D^ ttij c<3un*i<i>l» Thla ocKtajitioii ia also dlspoa^d of by fch« 
..ufi^llse r CK.S3j £U£ra,_ vstidrt^ it dAts saai^t * :na provl!9io,n;5 of th» 
e,t&tut« cr thi*? point oninriOt bo Wiiived ty atlpuliition.* 

it Iss also iir>5«d that daf rand ant In #rror is furtl3«r ©atopped 
hj ti;0 r&ct that its acunayX knowingly peraltt«d the plaintiff In 
«rror to ** f^o to ooi^sAldorabl-a ©xpensd In having printed the abstract 
of r»oord ani the brl-sif and ar^ixretnt,* i'hia. i8Ug?s»atian la Tjlly 
una»0reti by »h<»t «aii aald ir> >t;^i nea v. D!and<si;;i.n«. 'Jo» , ii;4'"' 111. 2f59, 
via: "lie objeotion »a« of aucJJ a ohara-ct-^r «» ooul i bvj availed of 
at any tlae,** 

V© httvii <sxi*EJln®d tha a«algniaont of ©xTora attach«sd to the 
r«cord, (And find ttotm wtiioh oan bo oonald®r<s<i by ua in t.he ^baenoe 
of ii ct^«OKrtiphl<s report or latutoTiKnt of facts* or bill of «3toor>tlon3. 
it la auK>?««t«d thut th« plaintiff *a atat»w9nt of olaiii^., th© affidavit 
of Kasrita, wvA Ui« "iiffldavlt of r«ply," in thea»<siv«a pro9«nt a 









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I ^eation <if law, wlthcwt r^tfiTt&na^ to anything fiowtain^a In the 
»tenG^^r«»Phi'3 report, if thia «er« trud, w« could contildor the 
f^fUftcstlor, Jf prcp»?rly preaor^tod, 3ut vi-a find lio queatior? of la-« 
<ll«i<ma8#<i in the brl«fa on file or ausonc* th® «rrora assoignod that 
dio<53 rot fiepcnd upoti ths faoti.* In ths» o&3$* vhd 3tat»*??(!imt of olala 
do«3 not racit® tisc torr:^ of the insiirano© policy, and no qtieatlOTi 

(&» to the validity or lo^a^i affaot or tlis aiarje can be jl««t®r»'iln0d 
without .having it in th« recrorO.* 4ss tbdr« ia no orror in the rocsord 
•sfhiefc thl«f court «?*m aonalilsr aithaut a ai^mograpaio revaort or other 
@qulvril«^:t rfloou«5or,t, the Jud^ta<5nt, of tha ;.iunloip&.i court isui^t b« 
P fefflrawi, tant It *ill b-3 «o oi'darad. 









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a oorporatlon, / ) miiOR TO 

/- iiefetnda^ in STror, ) 
[ / ) fefUKICIPAL COURT 

H*UhJSD3E&« iiTU^lQ^, ft ocrnoration, ) 
Plftlnt5ff In Krror. ) 

I/ffi. JUSTICE PAM delivered the opinion of the court. 
MJIMMMXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX I-hla la an /Action broui^ht In the 
■•:ur«lfjlpal ooxirt of OMcaf.o by th» ?l«roe Publiehlnp Oorupatiy, 
a oorporatlor, dofg»nd«.r.t In srror, hereinafter referred tc no 
th» plaintiff, for '^on«y allog^fl to b« du« frcn t.h® H&«9*l3:r?m 
.>tuJloa» a oorporatlon, plaintiff In «rror a^<<i her-^dnaft^r re- 
ferred to &t' the d«f«n<lar>t, on account of adv«rtlsft'-onts pyblish- 
ftd In plaintiff *y nagasine. IJyjon u trial of th© caae by the cotart 
without a ^wry, a JiiAfwent waa rendoriKl in fsivor of t.h<* plaintiff, 
to revere© »hlt3h th? defendant ha3 suad o^it f-ila «rrlt of ©rror. 

Th® statf^ent of olmlm ails*^od thatt there isais ^lus! from 
defendsirt ><4^«2f^ for snivortiaing fumlah*d at defendant *& ra- 
quei't. In the April «.nd May, It^Ui, ntiBbors of plaintiff '3 T9&,«y,«-2ir.«. 

Vh© affidavit Of frerlte denied that tha adrortl'^ln,'!!; wpxiS 
publishod at d«frindsint*« r«qu««t, ^nd If published that it wh8 
without JiuthGriaatlorK and «ithout th« kno*l«d?:e or oonsant of d»- 
fendAnt. 

the laau« in this <sa»« involvee but ?* ainp-lo question of 

f»ot, nar^oly, whether or rot a ocn tract ©xlnted between ih« purtiea. 

originally 
'^n thisj 'juestJon thsr» wore^ybut iaio ivltn9«o«at f^r. '^orald Ploroe 

on bohttlf of plaintiff, and '.V. I. iioulton on behalf of def^-ii&nt. 
It la adroit ted that tho 3UbJ®ot of sdvcrtlainp; In plain- 
tiff's KMi;5&alne &rd tha tsrwa th«roof h«d boon diacu^aod between 
thaw* rha t*o wltnaaoej, ho«av©r, flatly csontradiot^d aaeh other 
j»« to whether or net dafundunt had actually aothorlzad the Inser- 
tion or the udvortiaareanta. *3©ferKliirt *8 attornoya frankly lidtalt 
thiit tha taatiraony of Pierce, atardin!? alone, war- sufflolsnt for 



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.jitroo erli "TO aoiniqo eriJ X->eievi.l6£) MA^ a0IT8UL ,'M 



tho court to 0r.t«r a findinpr, that a oontraot ©xlated b«tw«»n 
plaintiff and defendant, but lirsilst t»iat tho t««tliaony of oul- 
ton «aa dlractiy to th« contrary t th»8tt thore *f«r« tjo other faota 
or olr<sur^Btttnc«8 In evidono* to s}«k<* th» teatimony of on« Appear 
'ore oredible than that of Uj® other? ard that therefore t>'© 
plaintiff failed to eatahllv^h the only point in laaue by a pre" 
"^i pcnd<*rtir:oe of the ©vldonee. 'croover, Jeferds-t cointends that the 
court, HtltiT plaintiff had flrally rested Ite c&ee, ga^e expreo- 
aicr; to & aSnilar opinion. 

While th«!j record a!K)v^s that the court vras i'^irreeaed with 
aof6rdar*t*c ocntentlcm. It furth«*r ehowa the faot tlmt the courts 
of Ita o»fn motion, and ovor the objooticn of dofendA?it, oontlnued 
th- cuae, to . ive plttintiff an op«orturlty to o&ll »» witneesea 
certain peroonv^ whoae naraoa had been mentioned dtarlof the ooure« 
or tha trliil. '.n further hearing, aft»r th© additional t«atlTrony 
w&s taKer, the court found the laouas for the plaintiff and en- 
tered Jud^TBont for %4A(^»td"'-» 
( jafandant ooraplalna thie.t r,h<s act 1. or of th^?. court Ir re- 

c Dining thto ca;ic after it had b»on oloaed, constituted arrorr 
and n^oreovor, that the teatiwony of the wltneaaes - eepoclally 
that of ur. uanebergen - was not of a oh.-traoter to warrant the 
court Ir arrlvin;r. at Uvb oon«lu«ion that plaintiff had euatalned 
ti:u la^uea by a preponderance of evidence. 

*h5 continuance of the caee ao ae to ;'ive tho partloa an 
opportunity for pP««ontin(r additional tsviaerce was clearly -within 
th«r eound diacretlon of the court t and unleae auch action in- ^i 
dloated a clear abuse of that dlecretion, it cannot be complained 
of h«re. m our opinion, there was not 3u.-»h un abuae of dlsoretien. 
jefyndant alao nsaintaina that t>'e court ahould not have 
\ relied on the testimony 'Of canabergen because 1 weraber of 
th« flr« Of attomeya repreaentirn plaintiff, although he tooV no 
part m ti^ trial of the ease. The oourt, ho*eTer. did not apr>rove 



»<r:K' .aA--. "^:'\^' ?if!/il'? «r:;i •■■'ffli*i « Of ;:!;«!? t vv':^5 umtC^. J^SiJOO f?^'?^ ..'^^^:' 



of 9uoh orltlol«r^, and utated nirt^or thf^t ha hlne^lf wsia 
r«apon9lM<> fcr Iwivlng uanab»rji?;«K testify, 

Att<^r hearlt' - th9 atlclitlonal t9s>tlrr!ony, the oourt waa 
evidently of th^ opinion that plaintiff had oustaln^d too iaauaa 
by a pr«»pond«raJSO« of th» ©vldayioa. /O o»r;not say that auch find- 
ing wjija clraorXy and mwlf^atly agalrot feha v/oigbt of t^& evidsmott, 
and th» ju-i^nwrit ^ru3t t.hflr«for® be aifflrread. 



im - 2mm, 



j«fordiint in arror, ) / 

) /mm<m to 

! /f ^UHI ,IP4L aOOHT 

«lth ".lorria ot, P, rhorsaa, s,a / 
Lru-ite0 UG isr the «lli of Uyimfi 

Plaintiff in isrror. 






0^ ilHIOA ?o, 

' A 8 



S~/!.TKius!»;:* O? r&ir'OAS-, fhifj is ayi action In tcrt brcu-'ht 
by idward ;todd«t>, defsninnt in arror, !i«r»lna.ft#r referred tc a» 
pl.nlrtiff, in the iiunlcipal aourt of Ghloago, allsj^lr.g dasaf.ea In 
th« 3u:r. of il»''>:''^-, for p«raerMs.l iijj?jrl®a, a^^^ilnst aorrlsj .;t, P, 
;hcffl?is, plslntlfr' In err?3r, h®r«sin«ft«fr r©f-5rr-*4 to ae d^feridant, 
wrao was .sued fc?th ae a?i individual *nd as truat«0 uni#r tha will 
of ujnmin rrurnsbuXi, d0osas8d. 

Plaintiff '3 *ta.t«t«^*r't of el-j.!-^ ;All«3?8d th&t he iB«atftin«a 
i«jurlf>d on or abotit July 25, l-'l.,, by reii^-n of th» br«a'«ftn^ of 
tr'« atepa in th^ r«sr at«ilrsay of th« r,i©n*ood aparttaerst bwlldlytf, 
io-3«it«J «jt 17 ?l WsahlK^jtop feoulsvarl, Jfelsa??©, *hlch bsaildln^ witsi 
un I'v-r th<3 eun«rv* si on of thf^ d^terAsi^.t who «&« th^n »nii ther« 
les.t r of Q^rtiiln fef»artia«nt@ «fitt5 pas»»a.^«wfty^ &r:<i stfeirwaya '«hiish 
aersif usad in oomTsor b? Yarlcu;- t«r8ait«i cf a-aict tsuildlng? that de- 
fondant n«gl»at»d to keep aasa^ in f.oc4 srsd r^aac-riabl'S rep?»lr, b«- 
oa<->fl Of if?.l-3h, plfttrstlff, ir l^tta^iTs?. or# of ths ap^vrtmorts of 
aali btiiliinr OR thti top floor th«r$of »h»r* piairst-liT ««a r«dRin/r, 
and arhile walking* &io?i-? strai ov«r on« of sai^S paaaA^rawft^s, lardl*s^« 
or atftirws.ys for ths nurposs of 9^r«»9 fro» ;i&id bulla Int' t© tha 
sati all*?y or coi^rti and u»ln% ail due .lare and oautlon for hl.'s 
o*f5 safety, on« of th* bo«rda of aald etalrway aoilapa'sd, whereby 
plaintiff tri^sdd, ata«jbl«d »ml. foil by r'-i'^sum of tha ner,llgerc» 
of dafer^ant; tnat tJ5« oondltion of t.b» p»a3tt,eewafS, Ifw^^In^fi or 
stsir ■<&.?« j?c-« >t??o»r. to or dlsoov«rt'i>>l« tey thai d©f«r.da??t In tha 
6xeraii$# cf rdaftcrsalsls oarte-^ b&oii«:?« ©f which plaintiff '«^» iTsJur^d 



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•nd 3U3talr.«ti «iaBifegea to th« extent of the mx^ alleged, n&tssly^ 

l^efsn-iant in his- affidavit o-f i^v-rltit 36 1 forth tn-:.vt: 
( (I) rh'-it aeferoant lndlvti\iaLly has anti had no 
ownership or oostrol of said prsr-laoej 

(ii) ;h<it iiefersdant did ret nggleot tc k*?©n said pass* 

(:^) Thsst plairitiff iid not sxeroiss d«» osr^ arl rja;i- 
tJcn fer hl?« owrt 3}..T9%fx 

(4) That plaintiff did r;©t suatevtr? any ssaterlal injury? 

(•=) rhat th«tll«/?CKi l«f?*ot sss not kno'sn to th® d«fcfrd- 

ar.t ^lU-isr Indlvidimliy or siJ trusit«« ard ssculd rot have beer? iia- 

oover^'i b^ hirs in th« •xwralass of r^sssoRateXs o&r»./' 

On ili»ij« isau«a th» aas* prcxjseds:'; to tri%>l te«fors a 

court a^Mi J'-iry* At th« nlotse of pljstiRtiff *3 evidersoe, d^fonljjrst 

an tru.^t»», anrt tt!dlvidually» K©Tisd t?i« co^JtJrt for a "pnt^mptorf 

Instruotlor to find a*ld d«f«mdart n«t guilty. Tbs^ omirt austalned 

the Emotion «.« behalf of ;a«f«ridi«it aa tJniK?t9», j.ma Instmotad iJta 

4i;r« tc fir,-l di^fandart a» tntstyfe not guilty* but oir©rr«l«d tl^e no- 

tion to find tiiS aef^^naamt not guilt^f as &.n individu«ii» ^t th« 

cloa»; ox" all t.b® «*vld«3a® this r-iofetoft for a p^rmsptory iiR?-tr«otl©n 

to fits'-i der<?n4feKt. no% ^iliy indivldiwsiijr wa^ rexs^ye-i, r^t ».>-:alr, 

oir'errul'';^ by ths court, ^ad th» a*ua^* sufc-iltttfa tc th« ^ury, who 

r«turr.v»a tfa« following r-^rilsti 

*-3i'«, t>i« Sxsry, finl ■i=:ff9n4a'^t ^llty In the ^^rm-nr 
jmi for'-; 3h%r-''sJ-i It) pialrttiff*s -t-it^^'jr^t of ol^l??, ^nii 
a«9»9» fjialntiff *» dlaia4ig»« In th^ auw of ^1,<V10 in tort.* 

lidfs'rvtant noved for a n«-» trl*tl ard in arr©«t of jtKi^3&«r!t, 

bath of shloh Ksotions w«rd ov»ma'»dj ar.4 on ^evesibar isn tb^? <30iirt 

entire; Jyd^a«r.t In tha f©llo«inj? for?^: 

" i'hi» ©»uaa ooEilniT, on fer furth»r pj^o^sdlnri? hyr^ln 
It I* Z0n^i4nri^'% J.y th« ccurt iK^t t>:t« |>Xn.Sr,tlfr b-ive furtr- 
3«nt on t^v« v*riil<jt h»r»ln and U)at th* plaintiff Irnvft JinsI 
r»>:'sv*r cf .an;a fro» Ui* d*f enl&nt ti5« Jlajsas-aa of t"n© plaintiff 

anjOUJ^.tlB- to th« auts of Cmi* Yhouswas^ yoilarts (ll'j'^O.nii) In 



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rcr- 'in aforsa?*ivi fu«'^9s«'^ ' t(*;^'9t-h^r siltr; tha> costs by 
trx^ pl'slritirs* h>5r«^l^3 axpc-ndotl anjl that ex®«ufcion Iseus 
there fop." 

.V'4» jud^m«jnt sfiss randarec* in the cas© srtitled "hxiward 

.'Goddam v«# -T'Orri^ l«. t't. ?. I'hosf^.rt iisftlvidually and ss truatae 

A ii?rit of error was £!Rjo4 c«t to rsv^rffis? aaid judgRst^rst 
OR :ioir*r5b>^r 13, r.^13, «nd on February 4, If'l-"., s bill ef «is©ep- 
tlORs «ac5 rils'l ma-TO jgre tya tc a« cf D96«ir;fcGr 1» K-l?.. On febru- 
Ary fcl, Ife'H, tfe® folltjwir.f, cnier iras ®it£:r©d. 

bf thair said *tt©rn^:f® an.'i the atternsy for tha d«f«r^danit 
^"orria 3t« ?. r^o«s'S•, f-.s trt»st«*'9 ur:ier Um ia^^t ^•l^l and 
t*8t£^«tnt ef LjTKays Trtijsjbull, d®a*»A#3d, -lOvea th« aourt to 
-vras^ius fe.h*! ji?;f>3e'r-i. r^nder-i? i hereJr or; tb^ fir-'.' d'tf of 
jOf^JS'^^tt^iJi^iS* ^g to tfe : ial<S Th^jsas as suoJt trusts®* B.nd 
\l a.pp*^M% te 1^9 court frcw,^ ^^ ins^'^ctlon of Vi^ record 

ar:?i th© "bill of «xc«»|jtlon8 or ^tafSOgrspMo report, &*sr«ftQ~ 
for** fSlei .h^r-=>1r., hnut th<:? cl-^^rlc ef t?-l;* Ssourt =;c':^ittod 
ftrpcr Ip reaor-JlTif tfo« .!uji,^.sj«5nt lRt«tnd«4 to l>e ren'i<&r«di by 
t '-,€.' Gourt ir tMyOHse .vnd ti'**?. It wa.* 1r fact th® ^j'^rpoae 
ft-^vi lnt«nfelcn of thu" eotirt tc r-ii^sr 1ail,^«i«r!t «.«:alTst the 

only and r.©t against hits tn hid oA^aelty ^-r tryetse, &» afore- 
said, it it* n©w Oftl^sraa, to^iv gslair^tlff *o r^'^ia t.ttorr^y bsrir,^ 
norf prstawnfe in op®R oourt and not ©tej^ctlRjar b;.it eyprfseg^ly oor?- 
aentinp. tJjrrrsvC', tr.it t..h* ;*:.i-l-,! ivlgmcTiX. e? :^nd it ie ^^^r«ts3r 
taoattji'.i ani a«*t sasl<:t9, mxriii pro t«no sis of fha first <iay of 
Hov!»a5'b?!r, V-U^f se to th*i d^f^r.sjjar.t Morris iit. P. irhaas«, -^a 
trusts® uri»r th» l?*8t *lli anxl tet3tiast«»''t of Lymsn rnissteull, 
dsosiicsri, Ar,d tttat th<^ ^^'-SOr^* cf said Juii^ert b-f ar-4 it is 
h«r«by ar-0mi«jd, mi?!<3 pro Vmc a?^ of th^* first day of Hovsaber, 
1ft* 12, »o th-*t tn€5 t?^ir:l p^rafrapJi cf th^ r^^oorl of ?J3s.i1 Jud^^- 
a»ni s&ali r»ai <i« follows: 

* rhi 1 oi^tssft oorsin.^ on for farth?*r prooooAlniTs h"?r«lr! 
it i» conaid«r«d by the oourt that thrs plaintiff hair's julg- 
?*&nt on thu v^jrcl'it her<!>5r: i*r..l th-'i^t th® plaintiff his.*:^ and 
reoovar l^or^ tiMg dsf^rtar^t in Ms lyidivii^-sjal capacity tb« 
d£ a;??-3 of t;i?s -cl-iir.tlff .is.*5cs2ntlri>r tc ih^ sum of Or..-? Thousand 
{ll,'5'!>0,0^) in for?? tt^ n.for9»al4 saawssM to,?:«th«*r alth th« 
Gost^ by t:ns! plaintiff h«r«in «xpj?rsdait sttrJ tb.»t »3t«outlcn 
Istsws t^.isrsfor. ** 

th# for«soln,s ©rd«r la an aJs^rs^lBsimt of tb© ftj'ig^wnt 9i9t9r«d 

soTSf5h(?r If 191?, te r«Y<»rae tfhi'».h tMa ^rtt of ®rror has besirj m^ed out 



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'dUm JmtlC^ ^m delivered %h& optiiion of the aottrt. 

■?b« point?? r^il^d upon bi^ dsf-arsdar^t fcr s reversal ar« 
aa follows: 

(I) 'i^->t thtf vordlet rants^r^ iw void for imoert^^l^-'tjf 
as^<i therefore tb<? Judt?^,€r:t «r.t«re-d or. suob vsr'llQt •«u?'t >>«? r<3- 
▼sraisd and th© of^tja*? re?2@,n?|.®4 to th<& trlsl *jourtt 

f ^ene« In fcilirsg; to ^9&i> Qi^ammcm paaaa.^^w&ytsi e-ti*S a-tali^wa^'-ii Ir* r-'^- 
p£lr '«,ft9r netls«? of th« e^latt^ros" of the- ^ngy,iTffrmi-a ocmJitior' or 
f aft«r tn^s di<i'f«ci 353,3 oc'otlntied r-uch a l^fsstth of tiw* ?\ss to tah^^rm 

6Xlatena» of a visible- or pat^rt <i«if««t. or rvOMos to the l»^;dloi^ 

of ttry QXiatinv; f»«f«f<St, 

(5) it *ir-i3 error for ^iia ccvrt to ip#fM-.''.< to strife-^ fr<»t 

f ihs <*ioor^l tno sJIl sf L^rKirs Tnj^^nill, 4«»e<»an<?r4, 
•^© shall ^i-.5ausa th®^*^ n^ .Hariat 1 ? ; ,^ 
Ii? arguSn?' Use firat »ORt«r*tton, fS»f<*rK!a«t 'matnt^ii'^try that 

• t*i!a etiit ».%« terots?^ht ?«.»?:"» i rs t d^f^sr^iarst 1>otJb, --^a tr\]3ti»6 f^t^ aa an 
Inalvi-iJ-\al: ♦.h.it it aran rt ^-ilt ARiainiSt f,^fo -ilst^Bsst .srd s-^^^r^^t© 
p4*r'icn8? that at th« ti'M* th« Vf«rsil^t '^-^.si r?»tyrr.«8i5 by tha j^'Jiry th® 
suit Si:-, atlli agalTiJ?t two •liatiK'St arvi 9«p'irit« parsons j th<\t th« 
vsr'ii-ot findlnf, t>'*5 vicsf^inlant ?«jlXty l««vea It J.^a«rta1n wh^th-sr or 
not It wa^ thri lrstar!tl<m of th« Js^ry tc fSndi t^e 'iafsndsi^-'t ^rallty 
^^C'th a<3 at^ Indlirldy&l ani aa truat«'J, or in ■^It^^^r Qapaslt?. ^9- 

f fondant Insists t^s^t tM^:^ 4^ tr-j*^, f^-f-ir tn^-^xjgh t^.^ court at t^ ■ ooti- 
Olu.lcr. of pl«tnilff*B a^^"? Irjstn-otedi ths jury to tiral the <l«f«^- 
ant s«, tru-st«« rtot guilty, bta^nr*, ther** JyiHng h^^en no OT^*>r of 

[ dl3?3!l8ssl er^tsr*-! ?m=i tfe.t r«cori Qho»ln^ r© ▼wNlot rsturr'^fn^ find- 
ing i»f«:rdant 4^? tru3t6« aot rallty, th»r^ 12 rsct^lugc If! the record 
to aK©5 tsut ^«5rs.t thfli Jury Hl^^it -^ii ««11 ^a^« »SAnt tlmt- they ver« 
finlin^ «i.^»lr«t tbs defendant ».3 trraatf* »» agslr^jt 'hiv. Iniii^idimii! 



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that thi,; '.sxxo^rtfAintf in th«t vervJct jsa;i« It wol-t, snd thorefor* 

It ooul'.^ n©t ©tipport th# ^tKl^rrfftrit #ntaiN&d th®r®on» 

rh» reoor-j In thi« 0a3« shews that upon ractlor of thi© d©- 

f^ndar.t th« court Inatruoted the |Bry to find tha dafeniant as 

trustea not j^ullty. Xt further &hOiis th.st In ssovln?? to atrlMa mit 

th« X&Bt ^ill of 4j/i3u«r trvssslMill, de3»«.a«Ki, dafandmit feaaad ^!l8 

esAtion or. tt.© grovir^d "th&t th» ossa h»t3 alJ^sady b#®n Al^alssadl &» 

to :i?orrla .jt, p. ituv^satj a© trust$#« and thsrafore tfm <iO(i\m»nt la 

inaostp©t«rt, irr^lov^ot swd Immat^srlal,** Mor^o^^r, th« oourt in 

giving in'^*tru<5tlor<a to tha Jur^, bogan th^RJ s^i follosraj 

"^.g-jitiaoen of th« Jiiryt It imm tv^-sn -^tj^j^ast^d that 
th«» Court h*i-'? dismiss^, a^a re.!5».rdi3 ^^r, ib&is?*.® *vri trtjGt^€. 
'r)ai« ia no Intimation on th« p-^rt of the oourt as to the 
liability or non-liability of =*r. 'itiomn^ ?*.s at? lRd,ivid«aJ.* 

atsi.:.; inatrJic tiers Is «i3MallT f^iven «h«rsi oiR'S or ?for« of th© 
defersdar.ta haiie bean <3!««la9«d ?>'^t of th» ciss« eUd ths suit as tb 
th«^ has hrsen t®r'»?4r!&t«d# This Irsstruotlor.,, in our oplnlori, s^JOW3 
f , that t^.o trial acurt nas? of th« oplrio*^. that th# eult ?s^s3 to fhoBsas^ 
trusteaj h&d h«9n disi9i8»8©d« rh« preo«*dlnrr, to smertd the Jud.^??w»T?t, 
and t,>-i6 order of ^ebruary Siet, heretofore ji-^t mtt Ir. full, at'«fidliig 
tt.^ as,:*©, ftiao 3h^ai that d«f»r;dant'8 ocmrs&l sm^ the court tf^r» cf 
this opisic<r(» '«« a.r*'* of the oi^lnioR that th^ d0f(**^arjt Is r,ot In 
a,"/ poslticn tc a»»^rt tr? thit* ocurt, ths^t ther^ is &ny unoortalnty 
in th** vsrdiot, but b«»<jau«B of hl« oofidwot, Ui« irerdlct suat ba re- 
garded §13 on» a^aJnat his indlYidwally, 

TJ3« n»xt i>oi!iit raiadd by defendant is that ths plaintiff 
fa.ilsd to prova ttv» sxi^tenca of a visible or patent iefect, or notio© 
to the landlord, of any existing defects i»? the zommtm pa3»a,-"t0»ay8 
and s t airway d* 

The rul# of la* ia w«ll etstaMiahed, th?it ahere a landlord 
le&ees seoa^rste portiora of ths ^s.''<i bulldinr fee dlff^r«r?t tenants. 



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f'^s-ifit. :■ ■■ ' - . ' ' . ■ ■ • , :v •. > -■ • ;- , _ -^t^^-^^^jf, j,.'-r:i v'!. i.iMt 
» -t •' {'»■■• ■": " - : .? '■"■■ ' ■ ^ :■ ■y-^'^-'i-^ ■ '.,:'■ »*.•:: i"^J'£ ;T9i-. S-/^; . v-.T^'-Cti- 
r-r^. ■■ . , - ; •" • ■' .■ ' --:.-,*,.'■ ■;._;.,•• ^ ;■.. , f^ ..,,-vvn. • "^^ 'T;. J?*t * i'>!'' ^ f^rTA 

'i.>- ''" ' ■ t+r-* : ■':- ■ ■ ''rf*?- *< "!i 'I > ■ r;:^ !?: ,.--.:..h ';.':; y|fi^ 

* - 'J 



rosrtrving tlK? hallu» «taira.->'a iir otit^/r approaofcteu for the us"?; of 
hl^ tenants, h-y li« uryi^r .ir, Ispllgi .luty to th« ton&nta, fchfsir 
boardera, as«f;ts aru 3*jrv«ii.5, to U3« r«a«tnirafcii» dixiger.oei to >c«ep 
I »uoh halla, .stair^afs or ainproaofeas <5Vssr ■^ini«h h-^ h^a rsi^«rvM 
contrf>Xt If! a ra&.acaisaly saTo -^ociiition* ^jiu^x iijr v. i'hel'P a ^^ 2!^2 
ill* rtdO? >^nonlng^r e o« V. '^ ariE^ ^ ^19 ill, ^-^. 

Xb« las ia Aiac «vli »«ttl^<i that *-2i® lan-lloni «an Vj^ 
cl3.-3,rg®d *lt« n9.B;iigsnaw In f^iilln^ to k#«p ths* ocTatsor p&asiige arid 
t stalrwajs In repair t oisly aft-r nctls© of ths ^slstsnoe Qf the 
d&«f,ariJu& ai>nd.ttlon, or after the* viaf^-ut liaj ocntinua?* tcr ?niob a 
lf<i.,-th cf tle» ii«. ^c <i!a»rgi/ ftia slth at^iutruot'-va notice* :.\3rlf e v. 
ixuX^tt, ^io 111* 5^iS, 

'Xh©3S prtneiplvi* ct i&» »or^, fUI i?'.ai'ii^?&<l in tn^t ©ral In- 
atrtotlon jtlvesi ej.- thv- aciart, and it 1^ ir. th® ilglit ot tlior;€> prin- 
cipli?4* or lAtt 'Ui^t »-•§ tsii&t i?i«;® thc^ i'ae^a in tu*» sa»«« 

riiiiritlff ?.»« » rcossar in tho ap^-irtss^snt. of on* («hs.pakf who 
wjii- & toisact of this sl&fis.'nd&nt, &coiip^ln<t> ^i-® fowrth ri<5ar of t.li# 
preslsgss In tyjdatiim* Glmpalty eMSca-^a a i^i-tiijTt siuring ;i*^ill» On tfe« 
da> of tlitt .isci^«r.t, til* pisir»titT, on hla -*«iiiy to iiQsyg.t Imtl by 
tfie rear ^rstrK.no© or Uia jicrsiilgej*, atsd n'^ tw dsadstida^a iipon the 
«®0<mf4 i»t«j> it if,av# WAy im^ Im feill tSi-raa.gi,i, sft-sersbj- h« «u»tain#4 
tiu^ Irjurlss i'esr sfo1«^ tfeia astlon ,?&3 broui-iht- 

Pl&intirf *» sttTjesess, b®i»ld0s hias^lf, «er« Jli&p^^'j and 
his *-lf^, unii '4ias s&lkor, another t«R^it In ttJ® bullilrg* All 
teatlfl^a that the «t-|> tfes-ou^h whlii^t j^lslntiff f»ll sas diaoayed aeRd 
ro£.t*n# an^ that th« ©^g«s oC othsr l^oarda to ^i^aoh It aras rjallad 
«ar^ &l''io rotten &pA «i«oayfM* 

oh^r^e, uataif AOJilia&n, tho o^rpartar «h© ooa^sienaliy isado r«»- 
paira, and on« a<jvl9, tJia istritor* ihils th«t?e sitn^siea t<5etlfl«d 
to th* oontrary, yet dof^mdant ad^.ita thfet tft« l^^^ua pr»i9*titert by 
tbi« ©onfilct lT« U5« evid»riO0 Wii-'s a ^a^atloi^ for th* Jury. xxxx**aEt 
l4xx»xxRsixx^RX4x^x^^:?fe5p^^3nKjjg^j:x 






/ , ';->:r?.i?) 






■-•■-4. ~ ■-'r'^.-r\ -^ .: -.r -■ _r^i>:.'> , ■-■■■. -. ., : ■ .^-i t":- friWa/ViC it- .--a 



fh* -ifef--.r-.1^r-t, itsssT«r, i^tt.w^.y ^dressts hi^s^if to 

»r;<l tha support:, *rs.is not piit^rsi: i'f,At defar.lauit hai nc notlse 
thereof, arA th*.t thsr* ™si'9 rvs tirtusii^tanGtes ^r f«cte ir^ ^vli^nca 
fro^ rhioh Ifc s.^peiirei. U*s.£ thM X^u^lA^rd dcsulu fcy th^ sxerei^e of 
r9^8on&bi -. iJlitgtince, hfe^?%^ dti.^i^jM'iirud .-nc-.h d-^feet or could ^«i 

ist not ««refcr-tlal Ir, m^^sr tl-vi-t Il!S.t'i|.il,y t:ii|f atfca-^b ts> th-s -^(asfsnd- 
ai3t- If timers 4a*i f&.st£ &:::d ;ilrc:r;:^-r^t*:-^:®e ix\ a^ld-imao fipcr^ •w^.i>3h 
ths; jury -c;vy rea^'.z -■fci*/ li.fsy "-.t^.ai Ha iU'f^sK-a&r.t iR i^e ©xoroi?© 
of r»a^criabX« CtllSi.^nii& Qmil'i li&vc ai->mc=if?*r&d tfc'S def native son- 
dltl<:^«, tii^n tha ?itfeis^&i5t SJay 1>& ©tmr^,>*d *it^ ec^^tr^cti'V'S' »ct5<te 
thereof. 

porshe« ?ssi.4 b«an Ik ua« for &L i«ifefit it y«arai| that th& s^n41tlo» 
or the por«J-ie« rtr.a ^fcfij-..- &-iia c.ch U-i&i iftcr & rial.«, ^^t^T' f.-ovld 
rdr-alTs on tl*<« atwpu i*n,i pist-c^ta tc Uie ci& = 'th of otie or iso ir.oh©s? 
that in '*lRt<*r *»nu« ar.a lats^ gatfe«r«a «siid ra»»*in«Ki ti5§re foi* a lettg 

tJia t&rk or. vht- rc'or* and wstisr nya^lng uatsr fr«s» ajs^ left the 
ptn*ch-*c w-n-a &>tai,xc^ covtsroa alth loa; tliRt this, oiraaaistano'S, as 
j;«ii &t^ U-.« f*;i3t Uii-t a&t^r soul4 gath-jr upon Uia porchoo snc? stepe, 
w.i4j 04i.a»?d to tbii attenticn of n©f»n<aant*« ag&nts t*?- Gfeaps.s-yS that 
ir. thi3 rail ori:ii and thsralfter, thts atatr^iajr asi4 ©.jpoclaily th© 
bcttr-iir- fit th« tc-p of th0 ataira* ti-.ins v-^r/ ahaby ar^l looked ol-i 
i»nd worn I tr^sit soii^ Qt tfee feo&rd^i on th ' porch l«s<iSng to t><*i 
st*Airn i« qaeatlcn »ftra "looac; &r:l 30ft," and that people yulni^ thn 
pora'ft woul'^i i5<;t.i»ti«v«* oateh their h&^la ir. tiisa^ loo?-* ?30»r<^«T 
ftrui tiitit the ooT'lition of tlis.** boards *as «8^&ll^4 to tted att^rtion 
of t>m Janitcr S0f^rci jsontha pricr to the ^<i<sid»n%. 






■ ■ ■' ■- .. ■ . . ;.' : ».;, ■ ■.■■■I f u %:> 



r-.-piiir"; '^uf)K tij'TQ., r.*?.-* t*tat Sf fh^rr h'i^-d "b^m: art*?* bftf<}?« th^ 
I ©R^^r tl?:y^-^3 !f;vT3?;f5 ar:" '■«i""'-At^''-f?<'.-a:'n*tift.. ih^ ^oijtrt cst^-;*!?! rsci 

fkn Irir.Mvlcw^a rot fVJllty, bcr.h at i^-s- 5l"'>aig^ of :i?l.^ty«t-'' "^f **i na^^ asnA 

I U^diS ill* hi^'^**^. 

iy .'-utrnitfj&a tc ti:r.:- Jur«> ^;>''- '»3Td*5t i«;-.-!: bt ri,»^-. .1 *.l'»5i?»^-nn, unl*fl9 
it 2. -a |j*>_ip&.bl^ &^&.in»t vbJ» -.'(4'* .?,?it o?* fhi? -ss^-iflaRO** t'*» nr-*, lao*- 

I defecting :y-nvil;,h:m of tT^-i por-ih-^;^ un^ :3^a,irs« .tn '.Jsln -.'.Icr* if? sr"? 
nJi^tainM by th« a»5^» af -'Od[:'SAC?^::> T. -:Tpll^t 1- * --l* ^-i^* ^"^^'f ^-'^^ 

rr KllSg V» i-'ri»Jia.t» .i./' • *5.i. iiiill* tMf;* 

•^ ■^■!i jii'' -v , ^j h»Ji*'^, vhcr? i • not-i'^a of .» -i-jf.tat ir» n 
p^\r6 ox" *n *ppttrt<SRane«, .irlssii^i?, fToa ^ oau3« wnion »ouM 

to iy^pasi ' u^cm f\9 c-^r-;*!" thti iuty of Inspsaticn or th<s ;i?w3l9 
ths f«.et=v Ir; the e.'A«4- %t h-v tfivrfxr-^ *,h^> *pT-ll€i<tt3»;.«? -r?? t>-': stassa 









oi 



f^ . ?>"1 ■*.':," ^ ?•:"■?■ 



? 'ii"' '4 -x 



-j'.. ■ "3ni.:''D6'i6^ 



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:f^: ,AJ ■''. 


I }V 'f'<^^ 


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i^'tfe'-j^' > 


i 'rt^Tj. •;■■■* 


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• ■.),f.'"t;?«.«>.<;' 



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a«f«KdarA, la not ineonsist^eit with th«i for©,^olfig ^suthoritl^ss, 
nor ylUi the vi®»& Is»retn «xj»r«3a©d, 

to atrlk^a tro-^- th* r^oara ths siil of Lyasan fi-njsifeuiJLj, df*o©aa«f!f 
he bassais hijs «<mtwnti«n upon Um f^rotmd uhat Ui* sourt having al- 
rd^dy in*itruc&®4 ih« Jur^ lo find d^afondart asj ti'u^t^^ not ^llty» 
th^ siil >is is??^a*©rlal aii^s inoonsatsnt, as i& -iiii t^ot €or»talF! any 
atr«3t r@f©rtm<3» to ti3© prsfslsijs in ^usatlonj at>d S*iiri>her» that 
t'n-s aftil 'o«*.n,^. Of ©smaidor^bla lo-'sjithy itM-v-s t>i« ;a«p«-ari^ntt« of ra- 

i»ltt3 t-txc 3'jr? in <:l9t9r»8ii3iTi?t tbs amount of 5.na d^assa^-ss to uo asaa^aa- 
«d» to th» pr^juitlsfi Qf ited dsfesd^a-Jt* a^ t>ii??k tliia ^onfet^ntloa 
i.3 ^sitJioufe ?«'>rit, it lata® 30TSC«da>i that tJ'sls preo«T*ly sa^^ pu'i*t of 
th«» ;-rviri?feull ts3ti4t«; th^^ '#111 «a@ propsr avid-^iRo® to shaft' that th@ 
dsf^in-Iant had ct^stroi ef tsis sr©p«rtyf it baing part ot tho «?Jtat«* 

thcnifih M3 ^Jthorltf ^$»i?5s t© hi^s &« trusts-^, 

cmsrt slli hfi af ringed- 



i -!:?*. biifVJTT^ij 






"^V'' } ' ' '.'"''1 ' .-: j' ■. '". " . ■ X >'! .t-i\^.:''":ii^X'': '..''. i ' ' 1.. ^ . ■" .j J 1 



;ru)-/ 



APR 2 2 1915^ 



1 - ;-'^^.-U. 



i 4 . ^ i. I « 



lu;.\ 












-^ 






ainst who vi-icaj'io j;;:::.ii;.;r;.:i Go:;*n:::,v:yj, :;.-:pvl„r.-;t: 
rrca to ;--> th-j defcs-i-I^intj ta roccv:.;' ■la::;.;.,~"j;j 2 
In-^a hy r&r.i:;;cn of Gilc:";<"-1 no;;;lirrOi-:;io on tVic n; 
t« On X.;\o tri::l boforo a co;Art end jtiry n. vci 



■;i« <i ij.,'i.'i.^^J i';' '.! u.;j.i"/.Vi.;i''C~i wii 






ulev'xrd uTva C:dil'Qr-:r-:2::^ u.wnijo, bct...-:.^r; : 






Ct /.'■ O C^ t.I I,"' i.2 C ' "^j 'J '!■■ 



iw :; :i-n bc:^^dirv-■ iiriitj an-i ah-;; avrtu::'-':;r.rdoe Tno p 
lint \::i^: tern up, ;uo tl:;ut tno Ciir::;uCp ./ao i^nunu:^! 
alr:ti.;r ^r^i-oviod tho contop r-cd ct t-';-;. criro of th 

tl". }\\.T rl'V't ;"!;".'':■'.;, ^.Vlvl !'i'?/I Cno f'COL or; t.':.0 C'.i'iTr, 

\r- v».-.-. ..-1 -"'-'..-i- ->''■•!-. .•-r^.~,t.-%'-,'^ -v^'-.-, /^'iv-. ..iv'.-l-.v'.T '^ ■.■7i---i> 

■6ru-;l: t; <> ctw plat.forn; £.ri;i •;;■-,.. throv-T; to t':'. -roura ^ 
i'Aio 13 the t:;.vti-::o--^y ■•:::: "Ivo:- by pl.:.i:. ^.irii' Vv;:o ■■;;a 



^of.t-v';-;-^. 



:-nii; 



Ieo ap"curcd fron t;';n Gvidenco o.' tirv V'l^'-"-i- 



<-J .i.. u ^' 



.. . ..: on t.ho ro:.>.r ni:atforn vvant t< 



3:;laturo^;, iiftod • ;^ 






C T'-prOO'.:' ■ -* - -■"* • -■ 

^ .^,,,,,v,.j^, 137, iri no^;~o::;:iio/j c^' "fi-j .^.;iC'.":;i.:in;; ;- 

li^.;icn;-, tno only cthc:^' evidcnoo ox.'.; - ^'O^i oy u;.. 
cf.tJ^s corsducto:;' c:* car r'>7. ■..l.o :::...■.■::..■- 



,il3 









W-.-.i U t;: - -■ 



Lr. '..ho o'l'tcrcioe oi' cr-uiP.;'-i'i,' cv-ro^ ..■.-^•>.; •.^^-.•■.-■.'i/-^' 

hore that th;; vcr;-~oi:. O"; 



luiV- 



'■''^o''' "''^ot* sir-*'.'" 



t}v;..;o qui:; at, ion a v^:/;-. ;>;;iu. 



:Tt:'^';;.r" 



:t t,na tt(i>^- 



-i-i^.ibi: 



t-'-al court erred in it. 
:^ • that it .3"i0uld have -rointed ;:. no.v tri;:-l o^• 
C- .3C.v.-cd ovlu.;-r:oo. ::^3^^ CGntontic-3 ^r. -L 
r_ :.^ticn of dc::'-^-.:^oa. 

i)n tho q>:!ontior o 

t, of th=i plaintiffs. '-2" 

-•r Of LhC3C thrco. .;it^no:oo:., ar^i t/i 






, j; ,.1 : -~f 



■:ary 



to 



<;>! cauj. a: 



from i-iyrvs-usvnooiit th:;t .:;ny .■;li,;^n I'lzritcA ■::): ].i:v7oloz.l o-J. 



in tho c:>unty jail, v;vio co:.;p.jllcd uo Pilvo up tl'A:^ ..,sr-:; ;;r;f:.i; 

D&i'cnaant oontor^ds that u.l.;v ,:.c;cid;.'';t, in ra:, .•:1vio--; ■:^ - 
only n c^jpor-'3.cial in^t^r^rj th3 only .-.rtt orv'::;.! oviucnoo f'-^^:-'. 

; , ... x'^i^oiior, t:^\...'i, plr'-ir'tXiT *£< p^'C'^-i'"'.- cO"' -i'^io^': '.:.:.'> ^Ci •;■■"• 
Of the ;;.col;icrit Ir ;;:.:■:. o t ion ^ but cuj to c.:": c;.cc;l:.lv :' tv tr^^t '.:.- 

t';; tliO lACoidont in <vu':>;iticn» In :..:::':in;': t''!!..- ccnt'^ntic-p cc 
. ... r-ni'cvwc to thi; to-Juir:c:iy of thi; pluir^cifr ;v;-'..roin :,h« ;;; 

choa ana w;.;ii' l:^.:^:^ for ^i^;.n7 ciontn^ v-::.;r'c::;i'G>.r: that i.,t t:T:t 
ii.ci by an op ■:-. ticn; tJ'^'s-t about Vfiroe ye^r-c prior to t''^:; 



Ci'U "i— 
-^tion 
•.■•.oi.aant 



, iidont. 



)r uO -ov'j^-bcr .., lVCi;'j ;;>luint ■ ;;'." •.:...; -toi :.:U-r?:.r'l;':^. ^'r: ::; ."'.1 



^i. /.or'.';. Oi O'."* u^ iO ;.VpOi"';.Li.'o! iO'..;> UVvJi U.C. '-0-. ■,." .Oi' Ci d-^-o 'w'iw'." .!- '.-.•> 

After a Ciiroful ■":cr;;iiT,;t.lon o^ t'~^3 r-;G':;r.l .in tl'-i.' 
II'" i'irF'iy of V'jj opir;icn tnn o t::-i:j _."inoi:n;-^ of t!iO ji:::- 



f 



iyO yo'!} 



:b ,, you ;■•-.: t in ..ovonbivr'y 1,' IC, t^'i 
ic ■ ' i^ont ooo\iTV'-idi c::''^,s i'r^^': thx':^ 

■i''^ 'l:iiz l:, >\n Ir 



n'^K-.Licv-: •' 



c. ;.;libi: li t'y^ Oi -}: • '.vllnoi'/ii oeroi-o ■;.-;■;:> jury* i:-i c:',n:;o\^ 3'. 
!i . i-^ortrn-S'i to i-hi.;. caootioJT^ in r.-ol:, in c\ri' cpinio'';, i 
tf ;v!ip.ti iiTi'::::or i^'<j 'vitrzoc ; would il^'ivo f;'lv-./c.i It •jculd. nc 



Vir/^avy ■"'ivcn by 



r.r.ln''.' -vi th r' ■v:>-'i.3t, to pl-:.ir<.%'\ 









r.c.i o'u : 



nz~c.\c.- 









hi, 

iCt.''.' 



■;' r^. ..I'l'! /;'";;-A'jr CO'" "j;.;-." i';^^-.i i- 
"Toncy of triv in^nrlo:-. J end iv 

', :« -; - i- ■' .^.'-» '? ■('» *: *'■■ ■' %r^ ' ','■'■ . 'V "-■ 



■■•'-■-: f':-..'' ■■>•; 



. ,.:,.. 1 .5 ^.,» 



.,u-.''i >.--A^^. 



•-:t*:i net a 






al'. 



roori va'VfiV.n^ n'Vi^ ■s:.;^;.; O'-i- .■■-■'. ■-.. 
;, -JO '?! ^^''^t'.'^'f to raooTor en ar-c'-i-'it o 



■--, ^^r' ■il-:''c::-:."t..^'^u:-:: 



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---,,!-j.^^ .-^.j, n *-^V':/''^ ';>:" 



u ;;, 



yir.;; cT ci "iC'.v t-rii'il v.'oiilv'i rToi-ii't In '':-l;..c;;.n;* b; 



■rat-aov 



'to- 



;ivc>i at Ketci'c; :.;:n. iir:.-* 



--.v.-! •; r,-.. 



■/.t ":-/:;'j -^^-t do-'- 



►on 



- • fc-» ^ X V- ■ . ,. .1 *.. 'k- ^ ..'-.■.... ^ ^, ■*.. »^ v*i . ..• ,i >j ... 1.^ . 



nr.\ 
or 



. loci" c'cni^:;.; x:vaon>; rccof^panioC "b- ;:\n ;\fviC^\"i1; r'-v/lr;-: t::; 

:^.moicnt irfcrruit-lon to rici^ro tna ri-.ac--:-^ry vCSy-'-'^-lt to ci 
: n '^ollor-i Tor a CJCnti>'i;::.;';co. :;v:n t■•:o"^:•':. tho fiul In :'r:r:"';.": 
>r;jd o:; cou?ti:g1 ;;j!.r:: not ct hr^d. yst the uff l^i^iivito nhov/ tlv: 



'•■'■. :■:■-.■ r 



;':r..,oio-!- J tho oour-t v;c>:l:"i not r:' 

-"(c-r-; cf till ;..rfic!':,v:l1:* l/0::;;jr;d::;: 
I'i:;:"^ v,ith tru- ^',:::^v. ;:";! If tivi 






■/ 



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■} i w -■ « 



4SQ.. ? 



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1^ *. ,,....,. 



1 1- 






■. ::-;jiblo i "or rvvi"I:1 :-j cv, ^!:ici tr"i 



..A-C'.;. .,:?i ;:>> ^y/c. r'-,n^ tKo Toi: 






ro:''iJ.-;r c. 



by til'.'' ru>v;Vi; t. citJ;? J. ;'..■'; tii'j triT^-''. i tn 
;-novjicd.;o od a tr:^.:iJ::.:)tiori in con 
•■:i;;t i'-^viJ J:;::-.;;: ro-;uo-'; •/■■;». to r^r-co:' 






;^.^^'.V 1^.-. ^ 






:::r2XXxxzKx::^::cxxrcx:::vi:C-"^^v'^'-V;^x:::::::-::x:.-:s^zx:::::^ 



,» ,--^ ,..■>,■,•,-- 



:>rl7 ovcrrcled, 

ic.--.r't v.:ii ■b'3 r;r'fir-^'>a. 



^<9 

/ 

■«0,, a Corpora t ten, /' ) 

/ ) 

/ > 

I \ / 

ain sliding =& Cuttlrsg uoajpanf, dssfsn-dant in ^rr^r, plstntiff b«lo*f, 
' bi^u^t auit tt^ainst th® ii«rliii -f.aehl??* aork^, plaintiff In arror, 
def^ndatit toftl©'«, for the «wis ©f l-HO, for rs«ran«3idi*« sold sind d»- 
iiv«rsdt and l&teor p«rfor?.-jd bj aat-J j>i&i:ntil*f for aal4 4,«f&nd«pr5t» 

A proper stat«?5e!rt of aJLs*!^ »%•,' fll^cj arhsrsin sta-^ >?»t 
forth ir d«Uiil th« oli%raat«r •of th» olaiis* l>«f»wiart f Jl«Ji a» 
affidavit ctf !n«rlt.i» pfettlnf, ilrestli- l« l*»s)^ th« ^laL-s of tb» 
pi&lrstlff, u?«m t^« trial ©f t!i« aaa* ^fore t^*e» ooyrt ^Ithaout a 
Jury, t.h<4 soisrt foiirr^i th« lsau«e ak|:alss»t fh^ di»fmv\ssrx aoPKi e.i9!»99ft«d 
plaintiff ♦« dfctsa^s Irs th^s «iurs ©f tt^, ap«ai whlsh tXTA\r.% Judtp»«rrt 
»»9 «ni.«r*-^ liov^sfab*? 9^ 2914» to rsverss «hlohi Xh%m #rlt of ftrror 
«ft9 »u«d ©atf and o« tb» ea'ss" l^y &n or^isr waa ^-wt^sr^il allowing 
ti;3 d«fs«4snt sixty dajra In »'f!loh to fil'S s bill of ^xoeptlona. 
wR Jamiary >i, l^I^ - th« last day iri «liloh t© fili» ^> bill of 9X- 
Osptlcmai - an 0r<l»r waa ®st9r««4 «iattn?.: KM&t t>y sstlpulatlor of tb« 
p-Art$*ii&, th« tlsM* for filing said »l,^ln,f, tl3« bill of «xo«ptlon$ be 
fixt»r.d«4 tan da.yg, rb« bill of «xo»ptl©r», *hloh In faot #m» a 
*it«ro.fi3r*ynlo report o* at«t»ra(s?it of faot^, a^ts -ntarkad '•pr»««nt©<l 
Jaimstry l^f It^lS,* «mt thia l?!«trus&»nt «a3 fllocS F»brwary l« rxtrm 
sro ttmo as of J&nuJMPy la. 

A action h»« boon bm^o to atrik# th« »te?»»^r&Fhlo roport 
p' fll»iS h«r«ln fro© th« rooord, upon tr« f^^mmd that th« order of 



'■■ «»' 



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-n- 






•■•■■■'if 












■y 



::■:: ..d::^s 



,'-o;^'t .. ,.' ■.- -r'i .^r-Ai-^.r radii's 



(ilatloti tc sl,^ and hs^« plaoed of record tha starofjr&phlc re^^ort 
aft^r J^'uar? ^, 1915. in atmport of aAld rsotlon^ .plaintiff aites 
tha ©aiaaa of L anaers r» '-crth ■^ar'nan Ll 2;^ d ;»«a, Jo ^ ^ 244 111, ^s^rij 
-ftlayn V. Jchr atfr.^ 1'^'^? ill. Apa, 5B5j ^urlltzsr 9- Jlg klr.ao n, 347 
111. ^^. !^<c coar»t®r-«igga3tlor.s to th.la motion *«r? fllfld by i©- 
ftmdAni,. 

Iji vSs* of tho roeord In this oa-sfs tht^ for^fi-.olri? author- 
ItSfes ?ira cuntrclllng. ^iY*»n tiiCuiEh s attptilation «aa eiitarsd Into 
Jantjary 8» r l' » ext«i?diR^ th« liao t»n dmyn, the rs^sord «ho*s that 
th« -:js,Ui stljpkulation ar.i t&e ord«r extsmdlng the ttw* for fillr^* 
tha st^^T'ogr^phlo rspcrt mma not •ntersd within thirty? d«yf5 aft«r 
T'^ndltlcn of tfes jud^ysent, tno period in e' ish su'^h «xt»n65on ssuat 
be r-^ada, in cases of tha fo-orth alaa©, ur.d«r' the provlalons of th« 
st&tiite. 

In th» oasa ef J^urlitaer v, Diaklnaon, »ugra,^ it want held 
th&t "he provlsiona of the ^t^ktute ors this point oarnnot be snivsd 
by stipul^tivn,** T>J« r^tier. cf thti plaintiff to atrikei ths at^tto- 
^aphic report frcs the fil*s asuet b® grantdti. 

AS ail aeai rjsftr.te of error ar* fcaaei or> auah stdnogr^pJiio 
res>ort» t^srs ia notbln^ l©ft for this court to p&^s upon In the 
fiirth«r prosswutlon of this arit of error; ths jiid?:i2«nt must 
triarafor^ be afflr!?;«4, and It will b& so ordarsd. 

STSSOaBAPHia REPORT SrRIJKSH 
AID J-JBGMfP^r AFFil'MSO. 



■'•• ■ . ' ■- i: i? ' '"' .* 












469 - 19892 



Aypellee, 
AplLellanta. 




OF COQX COUKTY, 



<~ I ifTl _-. 



« DELIVKHSD T13K Oi IfUUIi 0? 7UK COUI^T. 

The app«^ll ee in tnia cause, iieroort :., Leaion, 
trought a bill in equity in the ircuit uourt of Cook County 
Rgoinst the nppt'llantB, Artiiur L. iemon and ida l RtllUa 
Lea.on, hi 8 wife, and varren /.. BrOcer rmd Addie • . Baker, his 
wife, and uiade aloo pitrtica defendant tijereto the i on».Tth. 
ket&l Cojspany, a. corporation, fsnd Jennie Lemon, th« wife of 
the complRinant. Jiy t lu bill, wj;on allegation* therein 
made, the cosaplainnnt prayed ti.al the Court tt.i£hi, decree 
that he, tiiR complalnxmt, was the o^^ncr of uno cntitlea to 
thirteen shnrca of the monarch .. ctal Compjiny; that Arthur .M, 
Lemon wae tnc o«ncr of ana tuititled to five ah-ire* in said 
Company; and that .Varren A. Bsjier wa» the owner «f ana en- 
titled !•>' oeven shares in the capital stock of aaid Cut^ipany; 
and Umt it jcitjht order *»arren A. r.nker ao .secretary of 
said Co .pftny to exeoute and aeal with the oorj^ioratc aeal 
certiflcatea of Btock nlso executed by the co.TipJfiinant as 
Iresident of oaid company in the proportion before aentlcned, 
and deliver the aaid certificates to the rcapective o^nere 
thereof. He also prayed that Arthur H. Lcii-on and warren A. 
Baker and their wive», and he, the complainant, ond hia wife, 
ahouXd be required to execute »n«i deliver unt > the corporation, 
tne wonarch tetal CoBspany, « good nnd aufficlcnt conveyance or 
deed of iot 14 in IjIoox 7 in Ashland weoond Addition to 



. .A 



t>.^mii «• Q3ih 









.■t'iS'Vv.' , , ;•?: .J i'-::. <i^«:/..';M Vila' ;|l.; ^'^ ^ f ^ >.^i;.Te ^ilV 

i&o'i.t44 , y-i,l baa rt3r;:'>i , ; 'tm^i-xii , K^fn^rXi'-jq^tB s^jfijf .^...,, ,, , 

; '^^fi. •■;>;.... ". i-..;.<^4i ?io .siu./.-'i: If...« i;:t:: ^d-' 1* ©'^^iJ-yu astrskc <»i 

,&'?,.; :?Jna-t .inr,i::id 0.;-,} jv.-. -: -<-<j e:-4i ni XlUiUm>l.'i hi&B ^ii 
,«'Uv-- «i'^ ••.'»';,■ , Jnj4.i!x« l.j *'■'■-' a^iJ ,o:i tw-fi ,«»vt 



Chicago. 

The i^onarch yetal Cooipany filed an anawer to aiiid 
bill. In «hic: it alleged ihot tiie £»atiprs and thingo contained 
in the bill were in respect to a controversy ajtong tiie etock- 
holdtrs of the corporsttiun as to Lt>eir rra;.:t:ct.i vc interests 
nnd shareholdings in tiic (;oK.p8ny, and umt the Coiapany jvould 
abide by the deciaion of the Court in respect to tnese mat- 
ters and things. 

Arthur ii, leroon and .barren A, Baker and their 
wives ofter filing a general defsurrer abandoned the aaiue and 
filed a joint and several anawer, in *hici: they sinde many 
extended and detailed allegations oontradictinfi or further 
elaboratinir; the allegations of the bill on wiiic. the pr';yer8 
bisfore rr-citcd vftre br-eed, '■nd aauertint; that of the cnrital 
stock of the f onarcn Kt?tai Company ,wnlch is in all 25 shares, 
Herbert Lemon was not entitled to thirteen aimros, but to ten 
only, and that Arthur h, j.eaion and -iarren A, lunktsr was each 
entitled tc seven nnd a h«] f snares; and that the title to 
said real estate aentioued (whici;^ was utied by unid Cotrtpany 
for its buainesa) was, in accordance witti an a^ireefucni of 
the complainant anu the defenaants, although purchased out 
of the profits of the corporation, vested in equal undivided 
tnird parts in iierbert !., Lexicon, Arthur V, Lemon and mrren 
A. Baker, and ouglit ao to regain. Vifherefore, clain.ing the 
same benefit as thougi. they had de!:.urrcd, the said defeuaants 
asked the dismissal of the bill. 

The cause waa referred to a i satcr in Chancery 
to take evidence and report concluuiona. a ^reat n;uount of 
evidence was taken, on consideration of which the Master 
found: 

That Iierbert J . i.eaor invented and procured a 



\ii^.iii oh.'m if«^i.T :-;oi;A:« rtl «isw«t!iijf^ '^'ijfe'Tavi^* &£?» .ttti rft 

■ ' . '■',■-. 

■ ■■/ ■> ■, • , 

'-J- ,-t«6«r«j' 



patent for a ovrtaln "Babbitt I^etal iagot" in liidl ; tuat he bc^ 
gan to ..lanufaoture isuc); ingots under the nru.ie of the . unaroh 
ietal CompRtiy that jjmf year; that hia sister's husband, .or* 
ren A, laKer, saortly rifter inveated ^6oc in the buaincaa, and 
tiiftt tiipre appeared "to unytt Deen aorae sort of unaeretanuing 
that Boker and f ertf>rt i., j-eaon would have in said buaineae* 
when it got on ita feet, aubatantially equal Intereatu,** but 
that it was also underatood "tmit the Brid rerbert I, iwjaon 
should retain the controlling intorest in uaid budlneua and 
that Oil Hny time vrhen (as was conteir^l&ted) a corio ration /t»n 
organized t takr: over th^ busineea, said lerbcit i « i.ej..on 
should i.avi- tne controlling interest in aaio cori oration; that 
in 1S99 Arthur F. . hemon becasxe a traveling dalesman ior the 
bueinesa, receiving s^lti a woek and hi 3 expenses on the r>ad; 
that in l»wCi Herbert \ ♦ l.eraon (who aw well fa varren A, ijoker 
had been theretofore elao otherwiae enployed, but had f;iven 
their 8pf»re tisie to the buainesa) ^,fx^^ ^P -'^is other business, 
and, »»o well oa Arthur • , j emon, -/ent on thr road to sell th<» 
product of the konaroh ? etal Company, receiving lb a week and 
hia expenses; that alao in 19(0 Herbert 1., Leaaon a.jd ^rren A. 
Baker and Arthur i . Lejcon after aome cii&ousaion at^reed that 
thereafter ierbert h, heinon s&hould draw forty per certt. of the 
profita nnd said jmker and Artlmr h. Lemon ahoulu t^ach draw 
thirty per cct. of tli- profits; but that «hile t-he rroflta of 
the buoineas ahoulu be ao divided even in tiie ever.t of an in- 
oorporationi the aaid iserbert ) . Lcxon wna to retain the con- 
trol of the buaineoa, ond in t^^e event of as. incorporation 
Arthur h* hemon aliould receive only tv/enty per c:e . l. of the 
stock and the retaainder should be divxued bctr;een liaker and 
.serbert i. , heruon xn aucii Bjanntr that lerbert i., i.e^on should 



r- 



^jUi Sinistra f-rit**. 4-,u ,:fiifn :. b iu'jv. iir;t=:^ i «J J'ltcs.ltrjiA »•;{«» tJ«- 
»■&;■■: -. i. .' K ■-!>"< J lU A.r-ii •■* v,.i l*' .; .i -i.-'U t^-'riivi ,5»^"i ai^i «« 
£5a3iv>.;. » ■ J'... Ji.-^ iii'i* .. ;.-,i ,J •■•'at,) " tifiOjK'A^-bjniJL'. , «i« I.& tJi;. .i 

Sv'V/ iiir/i ji^ .i,;"r , ;> a: \ii-^.J ' I,;: vr-J »t..;y •■^.isa .-atj; aiffi'tx e;atif 
fioi^js-ioq'xotiai iJjB 'iO JfiiVs »xUJ 



the busilnets; that hekcT th<^reaft«r expreaaed nla diaaatlsfao- 
tion witij Uiiu arrangement and ! erbert L. I«won agreed that h© 
would divide nis extra ten p«r cent, of T;he 3»rofit» v/ith aaid 
Baker, tJiu» giving to eaci. tnirty-five per cent of Lti© j rof • 
ItB; that Artliur H, Lemon waa not inforftied nor knew of Wio 
existence of inia l»at undertaiiing until after tnis »uit v/as 
oomirienced; that efter thia arrangefi-ent the buainftasi /ma car- 
ried on in tiif aajiK wey until Pebiniary, 190 o» when eteps were 
ttticen to incorj orate; timt at various times 1 erbert i,, Leiuon 
h»» contributed Bnia» t the business agf^^regating ,lliS5,fcJ6, 
whici^ have not been repaid; tixat ire, barren A. baker »t dif- 
ferent times i'lan contributed vsrioua iiuaiii* to Uie uaoiaeaa at;- 
greiiRtlng VfiCf), wnicii, ho«ever» innve been repaid to her; that 
neither ^sfarrcn A, ht-ikar nor Arthur li, lemon ever contributed 
anythlnfi to the busineaa; that after the arrangetaenta above 
d^-8cribed rnd up to the tinif of the incarporjktion profits ver« 
credited uj) n the books of the buaineae in the pvuportions of 
40 pf-r crnt. to lierbert ]., Lemon, l'>0 per cent, to Arthur a, 
Lemon and 3o per cent, to i'arren A, isn.ker, and that froja time 
to time adjuatmenta were Eiode outside of said bo.KU, hs reby 
the extra 1 p^r cent, received by or credited to i f^rbcrt j.. 
Lemon was divided with Baker; that altiiougii no further con- 
versations or arrnnf5;cm»\nts were hod or ;unde -ith xpferfcfice to 
the interests of said parties, it was reoogr>i%ed by tue. all 
that Herbert L, Letrjon had the ri(-ut to control the general 
politiiee and affaire of the Company; tual in February, VJUb, 
Arthur K* hereon was autiiorized to ex^pioy lawyers to take the 
stej^s necessary to incori orate tJ.*c onaroh ' etal Cotnyany vrith 
a capital iitook of .^2&oG divided into 25 a/u'res of ^100 eaoii; 
that in pcoordance with aald 3rrttn£«!;:.ent riu ttprlicatlon was 



-1;-:.; :r;iv Ic .Jawc* i:'>(; :; vi.*i-"<,;?-i ;r^ ^a^sy' t:vj: ^niyij^^ 9tiii4 ^tUMMfi. 

?*X:jv s.^^J-a .^.!3it;v tf'vvf » V.:i:-i?;.t.^; ;.' > t .CW ai* V/««' <?.^UW ***i* '.i.< 
«■;:.;.£ f.«^*ll■U.fc^.~i'■ "^iU ci i'jaiw?' . iJ .lit^y r " ^^ m ".t i r »* i-? ,^ a n-^^ft ',: 

■^i'Cd!?. «01i';: iA.iJ i;>f;:.SS 4 _■?!■*•:*,.'. 4 «;* JiA"? 'f.fV.; ,tt^f■ ,^i*fii?(tii •?. - 

Ii4-2.iHJ-;:';a, aiiJ I'v.?.^- ikv:/ c*f Jfi^vt*^ *:^'t tiiti ftf*''- 



filed with th« >iecr©tar.y of Jtate, ".nd i orbert L, j.eisjon, F. W, 

tinkler nnd Arthur li, Leruon irere autuorlevd aa Com^iissionera 

to open booka of subaorlptlon for th« o&pital »took of aaid 

corporation; thftt thereafter the CouuRiasionerd filed a report 

in the office cf the secretary of ^tate in which it isaa recited 

that Kerbert L. Lemon h&A subscribed for thirteen >ii:)ar«e» ,iar» 

ren A, Baker for aeven atiaree, and Arthur u, Le^on for fire 

eharee; that the ComR>io3ionera* lieport coiitnined what purported 

to fc a ooj/ of nhe original subsoriptiona for atooic, with 

the actual indiVAduc' eignaturca of tht; parties attached to 

said copy. 

The Ks.j9tor aeys in hia iveport: 

"The evider'oe ia exceedingly contradictory aad 
unantiefactory as to wiiether the fijjureiB ir.dicating the asnouni 
of stock bclonf.:ing to eacii party were on aaid Oocuu-senfc at the 
time vrtieu their olgnnturea were attached tnereto, but i am of 
the opinion th«t they were there at tuat time. At any rate* 
those figures are in accordence witu the underatAf.oinc^ of the 
parties ao to fvhnt their reof)ective stock holdings w«re to be.* 

It may be noted {althout,^; the «oter doc a not in- 
corporate it in his findings j that tiic eviaenoe snowe tuat the 
siinutea of a auppoaed first meeting of atookiioldero ai^ov a 
recital of these subaoriptions anc are signed by "barren a, 
£aker, iiocretary of the meeting, *♦ 

The faster further finoa thai in June, liiiii,b, • sjv 
bcrt L, i^eaon executed and delivered an aasignraent to tne aaid 
corporation of his letters patent, but that no formal na»igrunent 
of any other property or asoeta of tht partnership iima ever msA e 
to it; that for Q<cie time prior to ^ay 26* 19^9 , the business 
of the i. on&roh ^..etal Company was conducted upon rented premises 
known as Lot 14 in Block 7, in Ashlnnd Second Addition to Ohl* 
oago; that the three parties interested in the corjoratlon de- 
termining thnt it. vvould be advisable to purchase thess pre.'aisea. 
authorized ArtJ ur 1 . Leu-on to neg. tiate for their pur chase; that 



''.^4 O* . . .,, ...... . ... _^.„- ,. „ .,.,... .^ 



he did so and tooit the title in }ii& ovm naae, «s?^inc a caaii 
payinc-nt witia aoney belon; inj; to trie corj oration and giving 
iii8 own notea for tije ur^ipnid, j^oi^tion of \.tiG lurciiu&e p^-ice, 
aoae of which notes have been since paid v^itl. thr n'onay of tiie 
coxportttion; that repairs isjid taxes iiav*" been paid since with 
the funds of oeid corporation end tjae >Xfice uaed by tiie B«id 
corporation fur its businesa; that in ^uly, 19^.9, Artx^ur h, 
Lem^n and ^^ife conveyed to );erbert L, '..«incn and xfrf.rT?n A, 
Bnkcr nn undivided one-ti;ird interest in said prejrdsea. 

The -aster also finds tnat a sr.ort tiflse after 
tlie Coajpjmy wau incorporated sofiie diB8nitij?.f nction ■fm.n mani- 
fested by Bnker ana Arti.ur z.» Lei&on, and acme atte-mpt siade 
to get Herbert L, lemon to uip;n and deliver Rtock in tlie 
proportion of ten shares to I.erbert L, j^esuon, aeven snd a 
half shares to warren A. baker and seven nnd a nnJ f wivrres ; 
to Arthur 1.. i.e!uon, but tixat aucn attempt was unsuooeasful 
and no atocJc certificates were ever in fact executed by the 
officers of said Coaipany and delivered to %ue r^napcctive pa» 
ties in intersst; that no positive utcps vsere talcen to change 
the existing conditions until a oLort time prior to the coia* 
nencej&cnt of this suit* when a diaa^reerrient on a siatter of 
business policy occurred; thnt thereupon Herbert l , J ecjon 
asuerted tnat he had tho riglit to dicitate the business poli- 
cy, iUfvlng, as he iiiaintainerl, the controlling interest in the 
Cofljptirjy; txiat upon tnia being disputed, three stocK certifi- 
cates vrere by nio instructions prepared, aettlr.j'- out the own- 
ership of said stock as follows: hcrbert I, Letuon 1^ snares; 
barren A. Baker 7 shares; and Arthur :.. Lemon 5 ahares; wiiich 
certificates were executed by i erbert L. }.eQaon as ^resiaent. 
and presented by nin. to linker with tne request that he execute 
thCBi as Secretary; that tr^s demand was refused. 



iUiV'P i* .4RiA>.»s »9r,9.?» ctffti sui fti ^l£ii 9.C; :i4.<)Ct^ btta 'Oie fell; ii 

i' ill t« Y:t;j.,n j;l.^ .^'-tiir, tii^z '»3«A>.: rtaed >v.t.ii «»*oc .noijiw "So oaxoa 
xi^iw «:.r.i43i ■..>,;,*•-•] t*':!»aii :r*-M«j uiaxt/ij ^m?. ani^KE®^ --^^ii-J jrioiijs'x.aqfs^o 

«C!.j al ;ii-*o>rM 'i«viX«!>v iJHA sc^ia tit aoat&J •i '•.-..'• . r. t 
ia<[ 1i■«.l^'iii^■■!%^■:'■i. ■•»iis^..oi i>&i&jiif»it bam ^a&q«oO t>ist& '" ■• , -^ < 

^M ill ianxfliai jjfliiJK.i^^nca 'ixU ,L<-.-*iii<ji.; ■-'>-•■ . 

J i-n3.i>i«i »■»;■{,,«•« ..ilt>u-,»»i: ,i itj-js** >•>■■, Vif &■. 



On the 00 tinditiQn the :^.c!idter atniecl his opinion 

to b*- ttiat - 

"it was tht. inter.tion of tae partita ti:iat tiie 8e.id 
Herbert ]., jLemon ahouici ii^v^i the oozitrcll ing stock OY-meratilp, 
but tiiat tiie i^aia three pisrties aiiouid rievferthclcfta be xa- 
tereattd in tixe profita of the Company in the av^y^ proportion* 
as ht reinbei'orc fuund, '' 

.any objections were filed to the 1<,hu\,^x' nt report 
which were after«ards ordered to «itoitid as exceptiona to the iiacie 
before th© ChnncelXor* but on hearing tiiey were oil overruled 
and findings rep«<iting, aubatanbially thoi^e of the .^atite^r were 
incorjoratfed in a deoree enttred by the Chanoellor in Lae ir- " 
cuit Court kay ^4, 1915, froM vhica thlia npj^eal nun tuu&en. 

Xht: ordering part of the decrett apirovea tha kaa- 
ter's report and »djudge» } erbert L, Leaon to be the osmer of 
thirteen share* of the j-onaroh fcetai Coihp'axiy , Hurxen A, iiaker 
to \if the owner oT eeven ahnr«e, arid Arthur h, Lmuon to be the 
o'^nnux of five o^xaree; anc Uuit each of tiaid three parties is 
entitled to the nuir.ber ol aarea latated. The decree then pro- 
ceeds: 

"It is lurti.er ordered, adjuaged ar-u ciecieed that 
the eouplainant I <5rbert i. Lemon ,ia I resident and the defend** 
ant Warren A, l>nker as uecretr.ry, execute in thtlr reaj^ctive 
oapocitiea etock c«?rlif icatco of aaid ; onarch J»etnl Cocspany, 
a corporation, thiril&en auarec thereof to i.&rbtrt I . h^x^on, 
eeven uhartfa thereof to ..nrxfin A» L«i;er, five anaree tnereof 
to Arii'iur i:. • Lexiton, and that tiiC said &nrren a« i>a..er aa sec- 
retary of iiaid cui'j/ortition ij^-preea the seal of aaid corpora- 
tion on said certificiitea of ^tcicX' ao executed, nnd that cie- 
1 ivory li^f-rf^oT be a.ad« to the respective omexz thereof and 
pnrtiea entitled tneretu, ua h»:;rein&i:>ove aet luiua, witnin 
ten aaya froa* the date of the eatcrinjr of th«5 decree. 

It la urther ordered, .''Uju<.tieu iuai accrttd that 
th& net profits or aaid 'onaroh ketal Oooipeny, sl corporation, 
be divided and paid to oompiairiunt i trLtirt J.. lAaaon, t^ue de- 
fendant esarren A, Jbwker and th« defei.iant Arthur H, Leaion, 
or to thtir rcapective aaoigneea or tran c;f threes, wf tncir 
respective btook interests in said corporation aforesaid, in 
the follo&ine, proporticna: 

?o Leriiert j.. Lecion, hi6 assignee or aaai«k;,ne&0, 
tranufcree or tranufereca, ti*irty-rive per cent, ti.creof; to 
warren A, iajter, his aasignee or adoij nees, trendferee or 
traj;^fereea, tnirty-five per cent, thereof; to i^rtxiur i., 
i.«t£bon, his assignee or assignees, transferee or tran ferees, 
thirty pc-r cent, thereof. 

It is furtaer ordered, adjudji/ed afid decreed tjt^at 



,qi:det»,>mva :it)o3u \ax I lot: con tui-i v»T';i; .iaii-ons aoma 
' ,a»-iiM$ i»im X»»qr}A tldi A&lti!si -imtt «&'X^1 ^:k$'. Xi* 



•ona £jft -xv*;-.*..'! »A O'^xi^* Mas «:--' 

i»tiii fr*5d"X0»f- baa L.- :,.'.;>■ . '-^ ■••.>: L-.: ^ •...:.< 



witLiti ten doyo fros, thf tintt of (rtf'.rinf, of ifvis c.ecree the 
ct-'.-itplaintint ;<erbert i., l.e^ion ancil Jenni* Leoion, hia wife, tii« 
defendstnt nrren A, vnkcT and Addie inker, i*iii s^ife, aid the 
deferiuaut ArtLur H. ieuon and Ida matilda j.eiaon, his wife* 
execute, aokr30wl edge and deliver n cjuit-cl».ini deed conveying 
unto uonsiVGli .elal CoitpHny , » oorpojation, the following des- 
cribed pi-^pcrty, to-f';it: Lot ;»ourtfen in ■iloau .,t\t^.n in Aah- 
IwiU o«cowu Addition to -nioHgo, ' « and that upon the de- 
livei'y of auci'. conveyance iifrbifrt \.r Le;i:on pn.y ♦,■.■ in^ .isf ench- 
ant •arren A» ^M.*Ker txie au/si of Two ixundred y'ortyeeven Doliara 
fwici Fifteen Ce^ts (^^47. 15) and to the defendant Aathar h. 
Le.uon the auja of : v/u Jiunured and ilcsiven iJollj?r» and eighty- 
five cents (v^ll*Boj, tae n^.i. re^^y t?- of srciicr, isnid twc eu'aa, 
nsui/oly, your iiandred ; if ty-nine i;oi)nr» U4&9) being acventeen 
per cent, of the difference between the ©re !;ortior. of the atoclc 
intereefc v£ htrbert L, uecion, cortiplainont , in e«.id corporation 
aforesaid, naaicly, fifty-two per cer>u. and his rrofit fch ring 
intereet tiiferein, na;acly, tairty-five per cent of the oum of 
Jvienty-dfc-^en i.undred ^oliars, ;i,»d« up of »enty-4i</e , '.irMrod 
Dolltix&t the ciiijcipaj of the miount of the purchSLae price of 
said pre.=.ii>QS .tlread.v paid out of t,.fj funuj* oi aal.i '.-o.r.orG- 
tion» una -wo ixunuxed dollora, tii© ai/proxiiiiStc aum pnid on 
ace unt of repairs of aaid prerauea oat of the funfia of aaid 
corj.oi'utlon," 

it is fljaintained by the appelianta herein that 
even if the findings or conclusiona of fpct of the > aster were 
Justified by ti.e evi(5ence, Vit.ic^ it ia inaisted they are not, 
yet the decree id erroneous bfoauae eqaitv has no Jurisdiction i 
of txie atatters involved, 

it ia inflated tnat as the iJourLa of illinoia - 
difteTin^, tiierein from tho»e of oume otncr ;atftte» - hold laan- 
dartua to be p. pnper reiaedy to ootspel a private corporation to 
allow on ita books a registry of a tranafer of itti utoc , the 
pov.er of equity by a decree to coupel tne officers of iiuch a 
corporation to i-sue certificates of stock ia not necesaary; 
that an adequate re;;..edy at law exiots. iiut the very opinion 
cited in tiupjort of t,iiia contention - jmitn v. Automotic 
ihotogr&pi.ic Gocipany, 11& ill, App, 648 - ..ay» txmt "It aiay IhI 
that a court of equity could compel the rcsponuent to prrform 
this duty * * * but it 1 o no longer an objtction to the grant- 
ing of a mandaauB in this atate that the relator may have 
ariotlier specific reoiedy," 



■14,, 1 


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S.n.!:.'««4» J J, !•.■';.■• f ■ ■ ■■■' " ■■ ■ ■ ■■ ■'■• 






loreover« there are In tnls casse e^i ecial reasons 
that can prupcrly be allefc;€!cl wiiy thc5 Jurisdiction of equity 
should not b*; nela excluded. t — 

Ihe conteot is really end in essence between 
atockhclders as Btookholders* not brtTreen a stockixolder and 
officers ns officers* or as representing the corporation. It 
is In effect, ao far na the atoc): is concerned, a suit for a 
apecific performance of o contrnct tc distribute stooi; in cer- 
tain proportions. The ajn ellants aay iriat by the authorities 
"b peculicr value* aiuat attpch to the atccis: aout/f-t to ;,.ake it 
proper to invoke the aid of equity in juch a cfiae* ?hls may 
be conceded. But we ti.lnk thie requisite ''peculiar value" 
to the complainant is plainly shown hers by the character of 
the stock and business ana the vontest over the business con- 
trol of the Conjpany, 

A^ialn, the ffect that the title to real estate in 
involved in ti.e general aettlement of the affairs betvieen the 
stockholders nd the Company .f'ives an additional reoson for '■" 
holding a suit on the chancery side of the court a proper 
method of seeking the remedy desired, 

v/e do liot nt;rcc witr; txie counael for appellnnts 
in holding the bill so piuI tifarious ao to require the reversal 
of the decree, /-vlthou^;. it iu true perhaps tiiat a chancellor 
•"oay eive tiie Rdvantaf^e of a demurrrr on tula ^rcund tc one who 
hPS abandoned a dCK.urrer and ta en nuci. testimony on the mer- 
its* it oeitajinly iS lar^jelv wit;.ln hia discretion, of r;hich 
it ia no abuBS if ne io »lo'« to take ttdu course. Cil.&are v, 
i»app. 111 111., i:y7. In the present case wo should have deemed 
it improper to have refuaed a decree disposing of the whole mat- 
ter litigated. 



% 

-.Jaw !J,Sc»iir ^ni.v> ly ■.^ii&oi.iu.lk »trt- 



10 



The corporation was before the Court aa were lt» 
three stockholders, as » coriorBtion It agreed tu abide by 
the deoi^ion of the Court. The cauee preoeritpd » fit oppor- 
tunity for settling the verious &llefi;6d rights in contention. 

It ie urged thai the coniplninnnt wae guilty of 
laches whicii should defrnt hiu rif^ht to a decree. But inde* 
pendently of all questions of pleading connected with this 
defence, t/iie contention rests, so fnr re the stocic in con- 
cerned, as counsel for the Rfpellee pointu out, on the be- 
lief tiiat the i;«8tfr was in error in nold'rg more credible 
and accurate tiie evidence offered by the appellee than that 
presented by the appellants. if the taster was not tt,u^ in 
error, the erguiuent falls, as we think, 

on the position, however, that the K<aater was 
tnus in arrur the appellants place great eraphaeis. They in- 
sist that his conclusions on the facts followed by the Chan- 
cellor in his df!cree were clearly a^rainst the weifrht of the 
evidence. It v/ould be of no service to nnv one for ua to did' 
cuss tnis in detail, i^u the counsel for the respective parties 
xiave done, it i& sufficient to say that fie have considered Al 
the evidence, anu while we fin.: it in parts, a a the : aster did, 
"contradictory and unsatisfactory," yel independently of the 
amount of prifna fNcie veif-iit bhst should be given his findinga, 
those findings coincide with our own ooncl uaiona. It is not 
merely the nuisber of witnesses testifying directly on a given 
point one way or the other taat ».u3t be considered in o case 
like tnis. i robabilities must be weighed and lef,ii.i::.ats infer- 
cnocB may be drawn iroji. thea ana from surrounaing circuoistances, 

There is, however, one suggestion concerning the 
decree made by the appellants whicu see^i-^s to uo to nave much 



(' 



•fclb cJt tAiij iu'j seo vtt-*» a J froirieo ■«>« to. 9^ i>ij.io^ . -tl «»«»» . ■. ■ 

mlf'f.Mq *>?iJo*»qa«'i' oiU lOl lajja^jo^ 4»*W''«st' .?X1«4'"' ■ ' '-■" "'■■'^••"• 

Xifj i-'y>tsb kunosi fiiriir-,- #if iaiijr -i^-sj^ oJ ^^s^Atultiit «>.i « •<■ .■';*-■.,.> -.;,».,..•, 



II 



wei^:ht. Tnei' ceisplain wit;^ aoae juatice taat - 

"if ttiio decree wcro t be affir;ued and carried 
out» app«*liee woal'i, in Uu? courae of evnnttt, oo^« intc poas- 
eaaion of thirteen shares of stock ritr.out reatricticn as to 
their ciftmin,' power und trnii.-.Tcra.ic upon the hooka of the 
corporation, Trnniifcr of the ahnrea by appellee to an inno- 
cent porty *?ii.iiOut notice ivould create r situation ocriouaiy 
Jeopardising twe rif-hta wjid. intereate of appellant!**** 

1o this the appellee replies in effect th'«t there 
can be no "Inuoccnt partiea witnour. notice", inaa:^uch as Uie 
decree, vrnich ia lotice tv all the world, provide* hov/ the 
net vrofite of the oor- oration shall b«5 divided notwithstand- 
ing the atook holdings, Vhc quRKtion ^yheti^er tia s is a auf- 
ficient answer may be ■waived, for by wllgiit a»odif ioation the 
objection to the decree can be entirely obviated, Thia (nodi- 
float ion vve have./ind shall exercise ,U';<s power.jto Jiiftke. 

1 1, the decree, in that portiou ^nlci; is herein- 
before recited, between the <yords "and tiriat delivery thereof 
be made to tiie reor-ective owners thereof and r-artiee entitled 
thereto, as hereinnbove ^ei forth ,')ii'iti^in ten ^lays fro^rr; the date 
of the entering of t) is decree", and tua words, *lt is furtiicr 
ordered, adjudged «nd decreed li«;t tht; net jrofits: of «aid kon- 
aroh itetnl Company, a corporation, be divided Hna paid to cojr- 
plainent", etc., is hereby inserted tr^ese words: 

"Upon the f&ce of enid atoci' ocrtificatca shall 
appear the worda: *T h e rarticif& ti c^n i n dividende or profits 
of the Cottiia.ny pi' the y recent or futa_ r e h older s of tive a;tarej> 
rei're^ici.ted by tneae certiricfttea ijB lir Ited bx th e decree of 
the C ircuit C ourt of t oo k Count y entere d ■■ n^ <t4, 1915, in the 
CRU ae of i>rbert L , Lti'^mon vb , Artiiur ^. Lenon e t ?il. , and by 
ref e-r«;r:ce gal J decree i:i| |r.ode a ££rt £f U.j^ ctrtif icate , • " 

Aa tiius ifiOdiX'ied the decree ia a^t'firned. 



*;5.;-;U,- ^i>AJ»W4 *«5!^'''' •■*'•* i«- ai.j!i^t^&»& f^dt 






&a4 iSsyjft v;,i5i!i''*(;.i<ji ,j,"(B^iWo« 'iSi,rf,j4ii4/ eiiiijit^q Ik^noaai* *i-i.- v" .■.>■»» 
fSii^'Svlt ft.t'.-^.i". »»&*ift»w. j.\-,i,l |fij« ♦ >^.!»«*'*^»?> sitt^ t«> •.^, ^.•,.. ■ ... >. , 

^ii^£^.. nUSA tkiLm-.^.. 



123 - 20044 



liATTliE.y SULLIVAN, 

jefendamt in I'rror, 

TS. 

HARRY AfOLF doing business as 

CLIf/AX 2a./.CTT;lC CAJ-.rZT OLiAi'l/C 

Maintiff in Errory 



i'S^HOR TU TKi:; iJUT^ICII'AL 
COURT OF CillCAGC, 



85 



^"R. PRESIDING JUSTiCE BfO^/flff 
33ELIV1RED THE OilNIO!^ OF THY: COURT . 



It ia plain that the judgment of |>70 rendered 
by tne Jvunicipal Court against the plaintiff in error, .harry 
Wolf, in favor of the defendant in error, : atthevi bullivan, 
must be reversed and the cause reaanded to that Court. This 
is not on the nuestion of service, vvhich the plaintiff in er- 
ror ia not, PS we think, in a position to raiae. He has sub- 
mitted hi.'LBelf to the jurisdiction of the Court. But the 
Court was plainly wrong in asaesaing the dafi)age8 (the action 
being one in tort) merely on the statement and affidavit of 
claim of the plaintiff. 

iLvidenoe was neceaaary to eBtablisn the da/i^ages. 
Neither the xractice ;'ct nor the unicipal Court Act justifies 
or purports to justify the entry of a juogment on such a 
Btateroent rnd affidavit as had been filed here. 

The "otateiiacnt of Claioi" sayj bnat the plaintiff's 
claim is for ;;70 da'(.r..£,e8, grov/infe out ox" the defendant's 
ruining tohree vaiu;'"Lle ru^i^j in an atte/npt to clean thetj. 
The affidavit only nllcicea tnat the affiant ia the plain- 
tiff in n suit "for da..iages as set forth in the aforesaid 
Btale.aent of claim, and that he claiius daxuages mnounting to 
seventy dollars and therefore he brings tjiis s<it." 

It will be noticed tnat the plaintiff does not 
even swear that he has been damaged to the extent of seventy 



■■*■ 

\ 

\ 



^l>OUS - £SX 



'A 









a^ 



1 k, 

::s *^ o ■ £ I c* r 

G- U -^-^ ♦.ocii>. -V-. X.* ..^.. 

. .Xl'Unly . 
asr'UitCij;, i-o'- d'viioO lfi>ii:jiitii i das aoa^ *©;>, ^oiiOiS'Xt ^aU 
* ,«'t&ii t^sii'i gsssd j&cil ca >i'i-,-<r ability ^. 

^«« &(i::b 1'i.cJr; . iv < ^i . ■ ; 



dollars, but merely that he c laims damages to that amount. 
This is tantamount only to naming an ad damnum in an action 
of tort. 

The judgment is reversed and the cause reiuanded. 
The cause sr^ould be tried dje novo , allowing the defendant 
to make such defence as Vie r!iay be advised axid is able to, 

REVERSED AED I^JEl^AEDEII. 



{' 



c;nB.o"'e"*i;-.o a>.'lc^ ,,;nJ:voi.f c , even C;>ij j&*x*{^ arf i>Xi/o.iie 9e;jB0 ^xfT 



327 - 20262 



Appellee, 



v». 



\ 



A|i^ellant, 



^AilrhAL FKOfc THE MUf^lCUvU, CuUHY 
OF CHICAGO. 



li'R. IRBaiDING JUoTlCJj. BRO^^ 
DKJ.IVJiKED THE 05-lKIOW OF THE COURT. 

A judgment for v9'~1.17 was rendered by the J^u- 
nicipal Court of 'hicago in i* first class case January 21, 
1914, in fsvor of Pred £>, Uavia against The iiteven8-i>nvi« 
Coropany, a oorporation. The Jteyena-Davis Cortpany has ap- 
pealed froiiu U;la jud^inent to this Court. The cauae was 
tried before the Court v^ti'.out a jury. 

The dcfenciant. J.;- aiv advert! tiing agency. The 
plaintiff was a stocJcholder in the corporation and also had 
an agreeaient with it by vYhic;; he was to solicit advertising 
contracts for the Company p.ncl receive a certain coairfiioaion on 
the proceeds thereof to the Company. From i.i\y 1, 191^, to 
September 11, 1912, he worked for the Company under this con- 
tract. At the latter dn.te he left the eiaploy of the Company 
and opened a rival business. 

Differences concerning the accounts between hiai 
and tiie Company led to thie auit. 

An autPfided "Jtaterv-ent of Claire* of the plaintiff 
was filed ^ otober 23, 1913. It aonerts tjait ruoney ia due to 
plaintiff as earned by him *:<8 com.'i.iasion on contracts or or- 
ders secured by pjaintiff axia delivered to said defendant for 
execution from and subsequent to i. ay 1, 19l'i", vmica commission 
io due under an afyreeraerit of tiit defendant "to pay iJaintiff 
20 per cent coau.ission on all work secured by nim." The stnte- 






^SSOSt - rS£ 



a 



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♦ lit' Y/£ftun®iu sa-ro ^.kjk.Cs -fs'^.ll >i -si. c^-ssal^'' to d"rM5«D ■ tfitiioii'' 

;:»,rt"j' .A^o.^^ajjin ;,^niii.i.T;-sviaiS rs^ Ai j r, d tins lis j» «54T 
fc.<m c»«M".i8 .cne; n?>ij'fei{j>q'7..^0 aiU n.i •i,»i>X'jfi>l.©ti.t!B » Baw 'tJi^nlxilq 

< 

tain tv>!!^v?J'.$U e^«iii'.,aais 'idJi ;^f*iif-i«oa4".o «s« 

t >j:8.4 i^i" ;hrt.»-. 



merit prooeeda: "Acting uron and in pursuance with the terraa 

of aaid agree.xient or contract, plaintiff secured contracts or 
orders for worJc from concerns hereinafter act out and delivered 
Baaie to and they were executed by the defendant, on which said 
corariiission of ktC/S is due plaintiff and reri-aina unpaid, " ihen 
follows a list ( f tvvelve "contracts or orders" secured, with 
the amount of compensation for eacn to the Company, ag£^regating 
#15,166,21. TvYenty per cent of said c^aount - ^3033,24 - is as- 
serted to be rtue f rom ohe defendant to the plaintiff. The plain- 
tiff also claiois in aaid statement that there is due to him 
from the Cotiipany in addition to tuis sura, "^1^25 for dividends 
duly declared on his holdings of the capital ^tocic of said 
oorpo ration," Tnese sums a<>i;(:reg 't* i^425&.24. 

The defendant corporation filed the affidavit of 
its i resident to thf merit b of a defence and a set off. This 
affidavit denies the agreerjcnt to pay the plaintiff '4(J ', on all 
work secured by him after lay 1, IQl-i, and saya that it was 
the duty of the plaintiff in respect to all the contracts set 
out in his "iitatement of Claim" not only to obtain the initial 
order, but to perform oertrin other services until each job 
was fully filled. This the plaintiff, the affidavit asaerts, 

did not do except as to five of the twelve orders mentioned in 
his statement of claiui. As to one of the twelve the defendant 
denies that it filled or received payment of auci. an order se- 
cured by the plaintiff, ond oi^ to another, that the plaintiff 
is entitled to no coinpensation bec&uue he obtained the order 
before is ay 1, li^i;;^, while he was wording on a aalary basis. 
As to the other five the defendant recites different und less 
sums as the "aiiiounts billed" to the uuatomera and a less amount 
of com-Tiiasions earned by tnr plaintiff under the ftf-;rceraent , 
It adds, however, ^20 as due tne ilfiintiff on n contract not 



P^'^^sr- li-*.^ .onf> i«'.> .^*<(i •X9^'L::r!.r^'?*);L ',..!iaari.>0' -Jionl "jitOW i;*"' ~' "■ 
~«^i'i;.. H'X-i -^'Vi :-j'.XiJM, "Sjli oi ^'dsi^r^'nter ^dr' moil, ^un sd u-' ;.._. .t.'j 



mentioned by him in hia etaten-ent of claim. 

The defendant denies that there is due to the plain- 
tiff 4^1225 for dividends, as he alleges* and further luaintains 
that ^ii85 aiiould be deducted frani the .,1287,57 vvhloh alone it 
admits would be due hi/n "if he had before the suit was brought 
completed his services on all the orders obtained by hixn" > be* 
cause of hia failure to so coripl f?te theru, and because, althou^ 
he was to be credited only as the work had been entirely completed 
and billed to the cuotoicer, there was about tlStO of itsins not 
80 billed until after t is suit, was begun. Therefore the de- 
fendant Computes $1001.5:^ as due froa> the defendant tu the 
plaintiff, againat vhiohi ia to be off set «il94b,&5 due to the 
defendant from the plaintiff for overdrafts, leaving the plain- 
tiff debtor tc the defenJorit in the autn of v947,51. The plain- 
tiff liiode no defence as to the Bet off, and thus uiii claim was 
reduced from «4258.24 to 4^;a309.41. 

The Court below rejected the claiiji of the plaintiff 
for the "dividends* included in the plaintiff's atatement, De- 
ducting these from the jlaintiff's claim left #1084.41 which he 
maintained v/as due for com;r.insions. The Court found due to nim 
and gave him judgment for v9l?-l,17, ( f this the appellant says 
in his argument to us, ti.et it "was practically all of arpeiiee's 
claim after deducting overdrafts." ^ 

The appellee says: "The record does not reveal 
hov» tiie trial Judge arrived at hia figures, but it ie qu^te ap- 
parent he adopted the view contended for by apiellee and al < owed 
20% comniission on all contracts, diaallowinf, certain few soiall 
items whicii ')»ent to luake up the total ariiouni claimed on each 
contract." 

AltlTiOugh the defenaant prayed and perfected tiiis 
appeal, the plaintiff (appellee here) has assigned cross-errors 



^ •■'■:.iiA.-X'i &yv<f .5.?:.ys5 ^Si-,.? «"i4'^'>c' nwA ftii ti"* mid »i}i-> i»d $lmim 

"Ss. PiU- S't.-.'JO'ift.;::'! ,riU's./vJ «.®W i.,t&t^ «i :: .J ' •Xa4'l« Xi^aw 'A»XIl<f 0« 

s»»tjr !.<i Jmj.s:,tfst»'t©,b ©40 a^otl »*.<ii. 8,*«t Sii»i:o;.;X$' ®»l«,qffl;o» iinjs&is*! 
^fflw ;;'..(,*;■;;:» c;X*x qu.u ^iim ,'110 ;f98 art.? o.t && wdrsft'tfai) oh ^A«m' ll^iJf 

■ ii..t« c.t <>/«•■ feiiiif.'ot c»*ii:;<.rj ©fiV ,&noie«.U'«Joo -tul ■awa ««tf I)&ai:'S;r(ii-a«i 
«^?'M?i iJnr. rii'!7.;>ii» ®udi' c!<.ut 'l-.j .fj[,l'?.§f^ tot J- 

Ji^^^r^t Jon isscti fc"soe»'i QaIT'* Efev.^s 3»,!:Xft^:5q.A »AT 



wiiich cover the contention that tiie "dividends* claimed toy him 
ahouln have been allowed in the judgment, it may toe well to 
diapoae of tr.iu controversy first. We think the court below 
was right. No action at lavs' accrues against a corporation 
for undivided profits. there must toe a dividend declared 
toy the directors. Dcnnia v, Joalin jfg, Co., ly H, I, 6c6. 
There is no evidence of 5j:ay such declaration in t^da case. 
The plaintiff relied on credits in boon a of nccount of the 
corporation. This rrould net be sufficient in any event, but 
it ie rendered still more ineffective to supply a cause of ac- 
tion by the fnct thnt the evidence shows that tiie entries were 
made at the order of the plaintiff hifr.self , and fall a to show, 
ae we tnink, ariy affirmance or consent, formal or informal, by 
the other directors, ouch entries cannot eficut an estoppel ' 
against the corporation. 

The next question to pass on is the claijSLi of the 
defendant that deliveries of the advertising material ordered 
in certain cases amounting to 4;1591,75 (on vjhich the co::.(.i3- 
fiions would a;nount to 42B&.65 according to the uefcnuant'e ver- 
sion of tnc account, and ;^3ie,35 accordinE to the plaintiff's) 
did not take pi nee until after suit was begun, and that there- 
fore the transactions coiuld not properly be taken into ac- 
count therein, inasmuCi as Davis, it is claimed, waa not to 
receivs credit for his conuuission until "the goods were billed 
out and delivered." These items were not included in the first 
;itateir>ent of Claim filed, but were brought into the case by the 
amendsd otate.r.ent of Claim filed ototocr 23, 1915. 

It is not necessary, in our opinion, to pass 
on tiie question vvhcther tris ^^i^^^^b or v31B.35, as the 
crse iuay toe, was or was not oue under the eviderice when tne 
suit was brou^iht. Conceding that it was not, we think the 



C^*. '-.'Ov-vt? »i*? .->;,i;l;} iciun&'j H^vii.'iu iio«i> .0so«li>d«ii) "»:«.«■: 

(Ci '■'tlJ:..n.Vi ■' iCi' 'SiiJ ■. -^ K)i.&'Jv.>!i^?Jl s3£,6IS^ i>«H ^ .t:niO!>S>J■■ 
»«i:i4S .'^j;i.i :>fts'i ,rs;n •;«;;, *aw jii>»3 Ti-^i'tK liiftu *omX;j ^s-ai*:. 



amendment was allowable, the *>vldence adiriisalble and the jud£- 
Bjent correct which took it into account. 

The cnae of Doherty v, 3chipper L Block, 157 ill. 
App, 415, was not indeed on all fours with the one at bar, as 
counsel for aprel]ant point out, but it iij of interest as show- 
ing that the Appellate (iourt of the second Matrict thou^^t 
that, in the light of aubsequent oiitiions, language on wriich 
the appellant in tiiio caee relies, used in haalin v. hace, 
76 ill. 4<J:i, needed taodifi cation, vVLen the i,ui)rfs&e Court af- 
firmed the judi'ment of the Appellate Court it used language in 
ita opinion, evidently with deliberate intent, whicn to our 
mind fully covers the right under t roper pleadings or amend- 
ments (if not indeed without auch amendxRentj to bring into a 
ouit itCHiS of the same nature as those originally sued for 
which mature bf-tween the cusj;iieiice.';ient of the suit and the trial, 
iipeaking of an employee who may, under certain circusiatanoee, 
treat the contract of hiring as continuing, it says: 

"And if the suit is not coKuienced, ££, if coffi::^ence d 
befor^g . not tried , until hio terra of cmploy^f-ent haa expired, he 
toay recover the contract price of his wsr.es," etc. 

Doherty v, ochipper &. Block, 25( ill. 128. 

Of tnis staterent the appellant says tiiat, it ia a 

pure dictum .'hich cannot overrule ::ajnlin v. Race. But it affirmed 

without remark the decision of the Court which had in its 

opinion criticized that case, 7je think if the stateaient was 

a dictum, il was "a judicial dictum" r/hich we ought to follow, 

especially as it seems in furtnerancc of justice and siaplicity 

of action and in no way could have injured nor rven embarraseed 

the defendant in his defence. As appellee says, "It nrrely 

brought before the Court coniroverted matter of the sa/Lc nature 

as subi-vitted by the ori^dnal pleadings, the effoct of which 

could only tend to increase the ajnount claimed, '^^ *" '^ * In 
fact it was an advantage to him" (the defendant) "in that it 



ai :{>./H;./,:;,f:..;'iA i>f>Si Ji .t'l^c-^ -.urr^ .' ti.* ■; .^ ',. 2»iJ 'i-j ■U:::r^iMjl iSifU b'SOaitl 

jbafiti^ llf. ,jf .two ..sri.RS'i .7 s?U<ns^.- 9 U; V i o-y i> .■toing-; ;-i;,.ic;:-;v alit/#oJt^ »itaq 
Lioix:}^ 'ia .■'..- ;'^;-.^> ©«j ,0|i;T;it" '■> ^rf^ 



avoided the neceoaity of his jriai^inc defenae to o subsequent 
suit invulving the a>;xrje subject mntter." 

The other i&atter* complained of by the appellant 
w« tliink were iijittcrs of fact purely, on whic ., ftfter consid- 
ering the by no ueana harrijonious testl.vony aa it appears in 
the record, we huve no reason to believ* our deci!i>ion should 
be different, or, if different, any i.ore lixely to be correct 
and Juat thoi'j thai of the trial Judge, oo far au at: decided 
in favor of the plaintiff and ao fsr aa he restricted the 
plaintiff's claitus, we are ready to concur with him. 

The jud|<;went of the iunicipal Court is tiierefore 
affir<<<ed. 

Aypilikti), 



/ 

; 



36 ij - 20297 



Apiellant, ) 




?;:Va-ite'^*'>4Wr**^ 



^? CoOK COUKTY. . 



O 



MR, IHKSlDiKC JU>:>TiCE BKUi«^ Di'.LlVi^ftKD THE OHKIOK Ce" 
THK COUI;t. 



A dispute bfttwten jertaer* ( tne aijellant »nd e^p- 
pell.ee) concerning a disa.Xution of tne partnerahip and an hc- 
countlng wa3 the basis of this auit. it nan therefore a 

proper subject of eqiity Jurludlction. 

1 otory's iq. Juriaprudence, lilth ed. , chap, lb; 

Strong et al , v, Cl«wson, 5 Gil.ian, 546. 
then n court of oq; ity acquires jurisdiction for 
one puri-otie, it -sill retain it for all purpoaea neceaaary to 
complete Juutice, although mat requires tiiat acme matter* be 
passed u],on wnloU #ould not otherwise be co^^nlzable in ttiat 
Court* 

^ori,an v, hobrrta, 36 ill. 6£>, p. bw; 

iiherlock v, vlnnetJca, 1)9 ill, .i89, p. 4-0; 

lool V, Docker, 9ii ill., 5.1, p. &i'9. 
Thus having; acquired juriadiction for the purpose 
of correcting a asl stake in the tcr a of a proffiaoory note, a 
court of equity may retain it fur ti.e purpoae of oncertaining 
the amount due and enforcing, ita ppyment, althou^jh auch aacer- 
tainsient and enforoeajent of thcmselTSa arc purely legal proceed- 
Inga, 

iio in t/ils cf^ae, the Court having undoubted Juria- 









,',»». I- r^-^rj^ 



•^, 






V 



O ■:"• O; ■' 



.A ti A. '-■.. / 



• ipj «iw ijn.p. I f;^ 'a.': :;->;.;r; e('T$/,.^'2:r;~» n^j.^witsx/ i&^wi^iM 'h . ' 



^ 



diction of tJne issues raided by the bill and answer, concerning 
which a jiiass of evidence wae taken, and concerning which the lt:as- 
ter reported, it was entirely witnin the jurisdiction of the 
Court to adjudicate tnat « judgment note of ^lv%c dated October 
25, 1906, signed by the appellee and given to tne appellant, 
and whicn the Court found it was agreed should be paid out of 
complainant's share of the prjfits of the business of the firm, 
had been in fact paid or satisfied in an accounting before 
judgment had been entered on it at tne tsuit of the apj^cij.ant. 
It was also rfitnin the jurisdiction of the Court, having so 
found, to enjoin perpetually tne appellant from collecting or 
attempting to collect saia note or tne judt;ment entered on it, 
and ordering the appellant to deliver it up to the Cleric of 
the Court for cancellation. 

This power and right of the Court, vfnich vias ex- 
pressly recognized by a stipulation between uhe parties, the 
parties "waiving ail objection tnereto" , entered into during tte 
pendency of the cause, was not affected by the fact that after a 
report of the L aster had come in, recomraenaing the appoiat.aent 
of a receiver lor the corporation and an accounting under the 
direction of the Court, as well as tne enjoining of this ^1500 
note and judgment, tne parties chose by agreement between them- 
selves to dissolve the partnership and settle all other matters 
in dispute between the.a except tiiia note and judt;ment. 'i'he 
jurisdiction had been properly taken and it Tewiamed "oo do full 
justice botv/een tne parties,** 

This disposes oi the issue of law raised by the 
appellant in this appeal. The only otner matter in controversy 
is one of fact. 

Appellant says the decree is erroneous in its find- 



a«i:- ••-ai.r.: .;■ , r. •»'««. lu'. ;=;■,., l.Ucf orU -^^ b^a l3'i aauQS.ji sfiJ 'io aoiioxb 
y-xJ Ic :;::.. xJ .J:,:£.i Si: L a-^*-- ;^iiAJxw v:,i3Txiir' saw Ji ,iE>$^ioq*'s isi" 

iiXvliC: -A. ;u GOOrf ..•!« (ii coxlsiiJwe ',10 x>i:Bq cfaw'i ai uescf i)«ii 
...,.•...;.•■ ...j^' "juj- ':■> jijoii i^rU ^& J J. no 6s'XsJ'i39 nsad bBii J' a9ffp.ji>.c' t, 

00c jl^ f. X. .■ "iri a0lrixot,xiri> ::'i{.? kc IXav; eji ,J'.twoj anJ lo ooi^ostib 

a'X.>vcr-.;..u: ■X/r'..io Xirf ..'XJ.tse fon^. qiiIS'i9irvJ''Si5C'- ©ii.t ©vXosaii) o^ a»vX«e 

liift oil C'J " l'>f:.i'i.;.,i';-!:'s»';f J i ijfs^. ii'-K^i&i vi iiiqi.'xq (issd .&48xi floi cJox.^ «:-... -o.. .^ 

Y.s^iiVw'i.ifn.'O rti '2i.)J.:'«ai lOiiJ o Y,Xno 9iii ..!...;•.•■..'.. '.■.-.... 
-isnx'i i3Ji ux euusnoiis si ©sio©^ ®xliJ av 



ingB of fact iiiat the note in question hed been satisfied 'be- 
fore judgaent was entered on it, tcie.t such finding is against 
the laanifest weight of ciie evidence. 

Of this issue it is only necessary for us to 
say that vie do not agree with appellant. The testircony is 
conflicting and contradictvory, and the question for the .as- 
ter and the Chancellor was largely one of the ver-acity of 
the witnesses. 

( ur conclusion on consideration of the whole 
record coincides with that of the i aster and Chancellor. The 
documentary and circumstantial evidence support the story of 
the appellee and throw doubt upon that of the appellant and 
his corroDorating witnesses. 

The decree of the Circuit Court is affirmed. 



"t 



3i: '-.^'.lo- i.ts--- j r>frT . j[ii^L[rJ';q/J ri.liw sot.vajb .tori o.b sv? -Inrii \jAa 
lo T;irv'=i?v ^rl-^ to c^ac Yl'-i:j\'ASl a£?v-? tcli&on&siO sdi baa t9i 



3^9 - 2v;339 



GT.ciiGi; c, ..liCKX^iiDMC , Executor ; 
of the Last .ifiXl PJDd 'rcataacnt ] 
of UlhtE dChi<lKliER, deceaaed, j 




Appellant, 



ifeppellefl. 



..„.-^' 



) / 

> / 
^ / 

OF COOK CObKTi. 



7^7 



; 



DikLiVtolD THE Ol-iJUOS UF filH CC/UliT, 



In tula oaae Gecre© C, Schrleder, executor of 
the last vviii of one tollle v^ciireider, deeeaseti, filed a 
bill of iiiterplcader in the .iuTi&rior Court, allegintT that he 
hnd f* certain auja (after«x3.rd fou/id. la be i436,5v.} aa the dis- 
tributive share of thf oivtsite of .tilie ..chrel er, -^iiicn wao 
to £0 in the dictriiution of thr ealMte to one jJilliRi:;i a, 
iiclireidcr; that he hod recfived der\.-jr.do fcr s«ld nw'i fro.T ojfws 
Gertru'ie ^jchreider and £to:u one rhrreaa !;oeel0,Gre, reispeo- 
tively, cnch clalr-ing tiiat V''ilii:jc; ;,, ;Ociireider has aoaigned 
the sftid fund to her. r.e- made f^rtruae cio'slijer and "ntiroaa 
Doeslaere p.'^rtieB Uefondnnt to the- biiJ ^\<i afik«d U»«t they 
he required to interplead. i.«.ch ansv/ered, cli?.i infe to liave 
an Basignajent in writing of tiiR fund, 

^ A decree uf i.'t'.r pleader was entered on said 

bill, in v?t;iuii it A«ia ortltr«*d tusj I out of Uif fund (w.';ich had 
been paid by the coi.r.j>lj,.infirit to x,hc5 ClrrK of the Court) the 
Clerk of the Court should pay tj th^; cuf pUiin->nt or his eo- 
licitor ^Ic. for "filinr, fee" and ^aC for aelicitor's fee, anu 
tri»t the coata of tuG prooecdant', "including saia sju-. of ^6<j 



i .\ 



,..;.,i;. - Q\iZ 



■ ■■ ■••■V ■'• »^-L X ...-.v. ._,...,,■ . t».. 



?,..:,■; ■ . ■ -■. • -'>i •- > ■...: .-.i '.■ ■ ■•■ • ■ -■': .•■ tt: Hid 

. : . ;■ i ..." ,.■ \ ...ii."'. '.■.S'ti',]' >::;,:■% ''(.j-j- .:.;?* j « h-^-- 

■-, :i , ,. (:;:;! :,u ■:■ SO /. :i • ■ • "C ;' .-a fc :>j-fj cji '.<;.i o;f 

,:jl . ■ . :,:■-■ ':-.■■ • •• • -i.-i.!.: ^. ;*■;> ,! i .fi.sv.' fji ,iiirf 



so paid t. Uu: cofi^plainant be, upon the final deciaion of the 
cause, taxed nt^fxinoi the losing deftiindar.t, bwinic the defend- 
ant vmom the court shall finti not to he entiUed to aaid 
fund,*' 

7bc defendants Gertrude .:.chreic!cr »r.6 Thereaa 
Loeslaere were ordered to interplead and acttle tne rattcra 
in controversy in thin ouit b' taeen tiie^r^aelTea. 

.After a hearing: in open court of th^ coritx'oversy 
betwce- tne Interpl radirg defer^dants, a clecrtfe »aa entered 
by the '-curt on October 11, 1915, adjudf-infe tne fund to f;er- 
trude iichreider. The decree conlain«-:d the follo;;ing para- 
graphs: 

"It l8 further orderpd, adju-.it;sd ana decreed 
tJxnt ?h«resa r:ioe8laere= pa. the court coGta of thia proceed- 
ing anu tue furtuer au^.. of ai>'vy US') ijoliara, wfiicu ia 
v>lc court coats for filinft Uie hxli nnd Fifty (^50) tioilara 
allo«¥ed to the coaiplnimmX.* a aoiicitor aa feeo, 

it is i'urti;er orderea, aoJuiU^ed and decreed, 
ihjf.- the Clerk of t^iib Court pay over all of tne jiicnica 
paid to hift by tii*; cor^pli^ mant herei?;, to a'^mit the deterei- 
nation of t.,ia suit, to ir-rtrude ac^iraidcr , less the deduo- 
tions iieretofore provided for in the decree, etc," 

From thia decree i'iieresa ■.■oealaere appealed sod 
the appeal ia now before ue for disposition. 

The decree is ploinly erroneous in that it or- 
ders ' hcreaa oeslaere to j«y the aoliciti-r's fee of tiiO 
coapiainnnt, George C. ScUroider, 

Ihe oririnal decree of intfrrl eader entered 
>.ey 14, 1W15, ^na erroneous in allowing thia payment out 
of the fund to Ihe co plainant, -vnd the decree appealed 
from ia equally erronpouo in ordering noreaa . oeslaere 
to pay it. 

Chat in V. "ake, 57 111, 2.9b; 

:.elta .'. J ine Land Co.y;;any v, i.herwood et al 

lb7 ill. v\pp. 167; 



m 



rb 












vsx ■■■• i » 



,, '.i - : ■ ". ■:* 'J 



■^ ' ''.',. ' .-. ': i'ViC ''(frrr AT*?''; ts^'^ r-'.' 

^«.j'v .■ 'f !«!"'.■■■•> J 1 ' 

^'' ■ ."- .^itf: ';..•,).■■;.; v" J ■ ' ■. ..! ■■'«".:■■.; 

:. ; '■^„' .^5 \':\-,a, :.;i-J'j>,,^ '»r>J '/'.v ir^rtx 

, - , 'ts.;- i u • ^: J. ■ 

;;■■ ..'./.•',:.'■;■ " . ■ J , J 1 kj<. ■:■ '■ . :■ lo r-iOi*nx: 
'■..: ',. '■"■' :.i.--.k% X : ,^-iO JCj "J'X": ^s^ 8fiui«t 






.A . ( ' ; V ^; 



l^etrop'jfltan Life in a. co. v. linaley k 
Corbctt, o. 2C77a in ihi&> Coui't; opinion 
fiird >.siroL 2S, 191 &. 
of course it is opt't) tc ua to iiiotUfy tiio deeree 
by striking out this ord^r fin', to tftfinn trxt* dcereo aa icoci- 
fied, or tc act. or, the au*,;. soti&ri of Iha »pi><>llee and aflina 
the decree on n rft:ittitur to Oe filed by her. i-ut w« have 
no diay y tiition to ao sio it; tuia caae. i»j:*ile we dc- not feel 
CttHed Ort ufiuer tac circuKiiitancea tu iiecide (gi:.ht;T vmy on ihe 
prox-oiMtiv-ins n.>lva!V;;ed t»y tho i.spj.gi.j. ;if3t, tiUii tiip deci'sc was 
agalnut the- iianifetst ^»©i^^.^t of the evidence and tijat tnere was 
no cvitifir.ce aufficient to base th« decree uron, T?e do hold tt..ii% 
the evidence was tjrtre.ely unstttiaf '^ctory and ir.coaplet*?, r^nd 
thot it i^j %'en li Ri; the oor.tr(jv<»rsy b^tiaeet. the ciairaarits 
aiiould be at;:Riri tried. At axicu n tri«»i it ia to be hoped 
the hiatyry of each written s*3&ii:{m;ti:nt (uay be traced by tii© 
testi;?iony of co.T.petent witnessea until they appeared it: tne 
hands of app^^llJirt 'aer©8a Ooeslaere, on« in o. autil ntf-d 
condition, it cor'not be imj;csait;le tijat ti;iB should be done, 

Ihc decree will thrrefore oc revftraetJ snd the 
cause recTAndevl. 

RK^/liiiiiJi ASS R£iiAJ^DKi>. 



; .'■ " i. 'j . 



, nc 



- ■ ;.. i .. i r^:' .'^o 'I.:- 
. . I ■'■.■■>::>%'; .s:^'.v ■S^sc :.jfu ■.ri^a y,v! 

, .; ■ '''J i :.i .ifc 'ifc; uj iiOi -/>:-' . i/j :;ii 

■ ■-.^,: ■ !' V .:■■!. '9it J; ^ ^:e'. '7;> ifj'i^.") v-j 
.-:'./ ■•■■ :-£r>>*Jitw fifiv.:? 't. ■•'iciiri edJ 



108 - ZCA21 



tut BiLLBOARP iUBII;^riI?G ) 
Appellant, ; 




re. 



) AVi^AjE KiRon '2ia ciKC';i? count 
i / 



App«IJf»«, 



o4 



.iKJlVKHEB 7Kr. GPliaCM Oi^ TIP CCUKT. 



Prefixed to tiie opirilcrj in KiJlUvA^d iublisi-tlng 
Cojrjpany v. .. cOatfiiian, IS- Hi. i^^pp. &^i«» A-iil bi f uad s co£c« 
y.lewe: u*f.itc>;.cnt of <everyui;a!it, r{8ce86«i*y to nr. ufiucrst binding cf 
tae cn&e at oar up to Pebruery <'4, I91i» on i^i.iei; ncy tli« 
iillboard iUbliai^iag Ccv-pftny ^up'J t-ut fryrs. t;.ia .aurt a r.-rit 
of error (cause o. 173Co/. to r«?Vt:rao an erroneous order ot 
dijwii;8al by tjae Circuiv Court on unxoh in, IV'l" , cf the till 
in t'cuity, tin- i*i?;al dl r;? c;ii 1 1 on of v:nic*i by the ; ircuit :*ouit 
on i^Mroi:. /il , 1914, wrg by th^^ decr> c vrnich io etttooked ir; the 
present atpeal. If cs-nythini^ la snr.ting in that 3tatf..;ient tea 
cojsplete sxplatiation of tn<- situation, i*- wilJ be auji^j^lied. by 
reference to /■sillboard Jabliaiaing Compf^ny y, icCarar;An, Ibl 
ill. Apr, 227. Fefcrrin;-, tVien , tn tliese t.^c opinions, ?,'e 
shall berin thla stste'..ent nt o point rrnc^.p<i in tnr state- 
aient in tne 16: ill. Apr, b2b. 

hy tho opinion ftllox-?in/- th?\t 3tatCM:,t'nt it ;fill 
be eeen thnt .ay ii6, lv)c>, we rtveracd tae order of diJjx..isj&al 
entered on - arcu 1 , 191 , f»s erronfioua nnd rei^i.'•n<'ie<l tiie 
cause to the 'Circuit '.'ourt "for auc,.. other ano furlfjcr proceed 
inga ti.crcin na to justice ohall ai-pertaln,* 



I ..;■ .:> •- .i.>l 



1 Z'S':'! 'v.-i' 



^ , ;: t'.j i.l3 'i'.-.A 






s> %. 



-.; .•; -;. >.■>;.'$• " ;: (i''?? ^■■■i ':\':. " ' ' ' ■■^•'"' ■ 

■■ , i-. . ',. -1.' ■, ^^ .:;)■,■!■:■(>';■• 'it? . 's^ ;H Vjjo • ni 

;■,■■'-.■,. ,^ -i ■■;;?•.. :-.;u. i't i.: •..: 1 i i 'l .;J o-n'SXdllWt 

,::-■: .:■,:.' ,li.{ :«( -^ria ^ji ifj^ca 



iiut it will i?.l3'.. be B<?en t/:at r»e cxi-resely held 

that the oraer of dis'-daaal, MltSriough inauverient R«tj errane- 

oup, -vas net void, m iniXlbowTd 'Ublisiilng Cosipeny vs. tc 

CarajiHn (r.o. 17;J5;'; , 16- ill. App. 54ii, ;»nd ijn iiillboardi : ub- 

liishing Oo.apany ▼, 3^ cCsreiiao, "o, 17392, 18 lii, A|!T. . 544, 

f»e repeated our opinion tiai the- or<i^.r of '.&rcis IC , 191 , 

vTttB not vcid al ti;OUgi: error:* oufc, ai-j i?:?^vc Jiictf?BP<?nt in ti-^ese 

cases in aocortiance witii that in 1 ding, xn ti<c iii'dt of 

these O'^aea v?e ^aid: 

"LoDK before the pttition for thr -Oe mi3 filsd 
arid lont, btfore tii« action coiT.pliur.fcd of 0© ©©^ternpt wsa ^>Hr,en, 
the injunction iiad cfcajicd t^ «xist t^y tiie <U&i:i£i»al of tiie 
bill on v.i.icc- it waa fouriiSed. -cirre could bt » Uscrefure, no 
oontejsipt in tiiorefjarding it." 

In the second cse we stftid: 

"'rae ord«r of ciia.uii<8aJ of the bill in the "ir- 
cult Court of laroii i' , 191-, -'/yjs not voit» or p. nullity, in 
refuaint, to take part in tne trial of the law suit before 
Judtre ,/indea, ihe defcnuArt v/r-a acting? at h.in peril, '..hftrt 
bfiint no injunction at that tiae in force, tiie Court of i aw 
and its o.'iicers '*'©re rif^nt in proc^cuing ?^iics cf»l'L^.^6 into 
Rotion," 

ixr TienfS thus ex^xeasited h»ve a bearing on the 

CMse no« before ua. 

June 2. , 1915, tiio ronnclate of tite Appellate Court 
reversing tne order of . i».ron IC , 191t , whicr^ dioaiisgcii ihes 
bill ana reta-.miaed '.tie causse to tne Circuit Court 'for wucii 
other and furtner proceedings aa to Isvt n-cd Jautice aiinll aj.- 
pertain," mia filed in the Circuit i,ourt. July iiS, I'^^l^i, an 
order was entered by tiie Uircviii oourt t.iwxn^^, Icnvc to tlic coir.- 
plainsint to filfe- w. aupi.le;a«nta.l bili, and oraering fin injunc- 
tion pendente lite Ufr-:;inst cJnrfALHn^o prosocutinjj. tiie suit nt 
law (in v.;i:ica judi..in«5nt had open rendered ieoe.'uber <:i, 191< , 
two yeara >;tid a half before; find proaecuting certAin ouite on 
bonds rclatin,; to tiie judtment obtRinpd in tnat cee, and 
talrlnf, i&.ny furtu* r rroceedinK» tj colltct i>^id judfescnt. iui» 



^ -'. ■■>■: J iif% . -■- "U 



Cl'q.itsJ n JO 



/l>-!i- 






:rc. ;f>;i.. 



■ ., i;Mi ■.:•),, 1- ;.;■;; line ^<»rf.Jo 
.O.J...' rij.!'./ ''i :■: . ::.•■;••■ '■ , rt txi^t»':i 
i. ;•.:«!. ji ;,- ">.,J ■■'.' .'. 'I' .;,;.'> asw i9b*i;o 

, •> r > "i •!• v.'i 'i- ( . ■■ . i ( 1; .1 ., V '••! <i X OW ^ 
. .>. -'> ^ «noi I -. v.v^-iijl ".018 TtinHii 



^ 



order for s;i injunction w-^a oouCiiticneU on certain und«rta;<ing» 
by the c..<;i>lainant regarding ceriain other oonneotodl Buita, 
not ncottdsnry here tc^ rtoitG, 

^ "ae supplei^ieiitttl jiiii filed un July ^6, iyi3, 

s«t out tae proceedingia '-saich have bi^etj recited in th« «, in- 
ion of t^ia . ouxt before ^ejiiioned, aniJ t,iic r^'vertial toy thiB 

, Court of t.i*G oraer of tiiai.'i..'»ai arj.a certain j.rocef-.iings titken 

/ 1>y LeCarahan to collect the ju=j»-ffiesit of .iec<«;bi'r iil, 101 :;, 
in tin? ui«.»<r Rt bur, and prayed that liil aui ■, ^ and proceodlnga 
to coUocl t)i&t ji^tirruent i^boula be restrained isni ch.-^t thfi 
■— isillbofirOi i ubiiasiUne' Cotipsinv aiiould "bs allo'^-ecs d»-i«.»i.;«;s a;^;r',in* 
*.GCareiii<n for violating the injunction h-^^retyforc :^nt«red in 
this case," 

j.t &la{-' prn.y%jd tiir-^t ''the accouritinp nc*.' i;en;Ung 

( before one cf t^.e J.:;astera in C'r*sn<;cry of zhc Court be c^^n- 
tinu'sd and concluded nnd l;;h*, 6«id accounting include all the* 
jBAttera in oontroversy" between the ijlliboftrd }ub.<ishing 
Coiapany and r eCsarahon, 

/u^:iiat 26, 193 5, : cCarahan «rai8 (granted It.^vc to 
withdraw his mister theretofore fileJi to the orif inai bill 
of coraplHint in fc^ila cnusc, rsnd tc file inatarftcr a j;l«« to 
th« »Bld orlftinai and supplemcntrtry bill, 

Cn the same day ;.ctarahan withdrew hi a nnnwer 
and filed a plen to aald ori,j,inai bill »?»d aupplementary 
bill, in 'vhica, f»fter Bettiuf; forth the hlBtory of the ac- 
tion at law in r^asu-opait brought by LoiiRrwiian ags*inat tne 
iiillboard lubliahinf, Cosipany on i^ebrue.ry 26, l^f^S, (prior to 
tile filing of the oriKin-^l ^ill in the case '••t t&r) to ita 
oultttinntion in the juar.r.ftnt at Ini of the Circuit court r>e- 
ott»iber 21, 191 I and allegini^ thai Uie &»id action wau for 



.!?« .. 






ijo.i'^ m-^,: 






.! ■ • . ■ ■"<;'•■,' -i ' ^ '.■ 1 .; .•; V.' c j e 'i :5 J J siSi. 



\,-i ill .'n ; ■ Ll -.o:) I5 



i .. il ; 



.., ■ ...: .' , .a... -i .Mi.;- 



the cijforcfesi-ont of thfr imat rx(-.r.t.u un»l intcrcBta in bcnalf of 
i cCarsh&n nxid frre* cut. of -<.h«r aia,r.e r.r-tjXoys-cnt Lii^t ^s.s r'-rffrrcU 
to in tat oriK-irtwi «'4Jfi4J suff'iei&Piital bill iK t/ie cuuae at Mr^r,- 
hc f^vprred "t/ras, ini- i-»ai<i Judc^riont sji-u said a*;V(Dj:al procoi-d- 
int<a in said suit at .Iji« ir. aaiU Circuit ^ourt i>f toaji Ciwnty 
arc a I'iMai vietcr-'ination Xr. f«V',T at" liiite 'iefcnciar.t fi^/itnvvt 
eor!.pIfiiMf».rit in tnia cauop of alJ syitlftra /iU;.! txiinga fcti:»v:ljafe 
out oi' ttic Vp.X'^-tiou nnd «;ai;^»lo,/*- fot aet out in ^aid l»iil and 
their detfeV:!. ins'-tiars in t ii^al una ir* i'uj 5 Xurce .vr;tj effect, '' 

Kcve.ofcer itj, 1^15, ssn cider wi\a t.. :.fi'«d j-ecitiJig 
Ui»t a "iiftiiurrwi"*" ufi4 h^t^o .-iaue t.; tb.?' pi<r--i, njid ti-i-tii the ab- 
fljurrcr ihed toen cverruied f?.nd "fetiid pica a(ij'.v,5£.(?'j and hnld sjuf- 
i'icitf^t Jfc>r tiio purjjoses ti,€=rci«'i weL tortii," 

i.er'Ye wua siver. tt oonjpl ^^inruju to f.lc n "repli- 
cation" to ;iaia fleu ^»iti»in tern >«,y8 . i'hia irre£..l?3r nn«i i:.- 
proper proceeding of "'j.e:- urring* to the plea r?:ay be canainiered 
to have b^cn tQuivnient to "ryctting uot/s'i the- plea, for jarf-rj.TfCnt,* 
Lester e>t til, v, ot'^'^ena et al,, 29 113 ,155; 
liixoa V, r.ixr>n, 61 113. 324. 

Tnete dotiis not iipv*'tir in the praecipe transcript 
of th« record filed b^-*fore uu a'ly re-i 11 cation tc the plt;&, tut 
thfit one rtna filfd iu recited ir: the final deer***; entered 
i.;arcii 21, 1914, and */e a^ay prfcuirie it was a denial of the 
j^llrgntion.-i t/mfc the luTj ^uit ws.8 for tiie enf urcea'ieat of the 
oftiiie righto anc'i intcresto, ?^nd grew out of Vws: z&&t? e«i,j:'lo.y- 
»i«nt, t],.»t were the sutsjecta of the biiJ ond supplejrientwl 
bill in this cause. 

There was aonr evidence taken in wr.ic it afp*~ared 
both by docu:nent«ry evidesTCR nnd tc-ati-Jiony Uutt the Irw »uit 
and thP ci.pr.ecry Buitu were? c-nc«fming, the ^lajjs; for coaiuils- 
aiona by ' cCaroJiiBTi for buain«aa obtained by tiitn for tiio 
Billboard lublitiiriing Cyfl«painy, 



.■J~. 



L • 



■ r ;f .,: : "v-T V;V -. ;■<!>. v. - r .'"■; 

li." ;4;*: -.It.: ! •■»;-< X'^ J. 1 ;■ r;;.? ;:, >^ 
•u .. !•: -io vi,; ; . .■ ., " :v<5-t- 'JV . :;,, 

■ ; ■ : ' w '-. .: \ •'*■ ;■ i . ;i i. r'-i-'i 

■ \:' \ : -■ ; J.- )i :5i i 

■ ' •, ' :• -;.V . ! 

. XVi ; , . . ^ , : '^;.;i.- ■■;u 
■ ^ ^ • .:^. -A^ . -HI 

'" ' ; ••' i ... : f' i?^M p.ii <.tj 

r.:-^}" C ■ •■ .. ■ ■* .«^s- :<-■ ■ ; "^i* J 

t>. ;, v^ . ;..« I . it, ;;OMn ,. 

. ■' I ■> <.! ,:> ^- ; ;• :■ LI-,:-, ll.'j 






The deoreR found iu »otaet detail the fncta con- 
oerninf. tne hi:jtory of both Buita» and further fend that the 
Bllegatlones of tna ple» -ere true mitt tiu<t th» Jud^:fi:vcnt and 
tile aeYsral. f-roceedinga In iiaici suit Rt 1,:'» were i» fliujil de- 
tenninatiai! in favur of Ui© uef*?fK!Rfit nerei3n» .%ccarniiian, jmd 

~"'^'' apainst the ccsffi]: J amant iierexn, t'ue ;.illboar<i iul:»l iahin^tV Coie- 
pany, of olJ matteriii »nii ti.irif,s f;;rowi.ng out of the r«ir-tion 
ona efcploviuent aet out in tuc original, affiended, supplementai 
billfci and a-'i-s-nded sui^iletaent®! bill, iuvS oraerc<5 then: all and 
eacii to br ciiA;-;iafted at tao eo8t of ccjapK-iirinnt wnd thf te^s- 
por«ry injunction theretofore ^jranted in trda cr'ase to bfl 
divaolved. 

iit' l>illbo?«rc ,ubIi3iiiTig Coapariy a|.psaJed frois 

«^.- this decree, Oy iianii.'r''-^f'nt 3 of error Bllt>^,inf: it to bi? erron- 
eous, i<n<.i tnla arpe&l Is no'v bfifi-re us fcsr diijpuuitioa, u'e 
think the dccre*; of ^h« Circuit Court wru correct. h© un ler- 
lyinf: Idea o?* ine co.*?i:plai«fwit in tr.ia case sef^aia to be U^ot 
G^ nothlnt^ done while the order of *.arcii IC , J191>, atood un- 
• reyeraed coulo really aff«oi the Sierita of thi;j oaae or ito 
i proper diepoaitian ^ftwr thia -ourt fc'»d declared the aaid or- 
der erroneously entered. e do not ai^an that thi« position 
ia exi'reealy otfetea or taken in the arguaent before us, aat it 
is the idea vvuich w© cannot help bfflii«vlng has Jcept (xlivc for 
BO lont: in ao t/iiiiiy forms tniia litigation, 

ihe aji el ! jtnt ar^uee tnat "the cauaea of ucti.n,^ 
the "plendinga," the ''tHauea" Pnd "tht» ftvCta* ar^ different in 
the Ir.w euit and th«^ suit in equity. f ccurac the ^pleading*" 
are different. Vhe one crise imH a ouit at Inw by vcCarrahnn 
ai'.ainet the hillboard lubliahing Co.iipany, and ine oti-ter a uuit 
in chencery bv the iUllboard iublisiUni; Coapany agninst c- 
Carahan. "ihe plendings could not be otherwiae than different. 






■ Llii 



i '• 






f'^ O:' 






■•■; •' J i u'u ■' A 'i ^1 J 

,%■ ,^ .■•, .i: h ir ■■i^l 9 .a ' - , n«i i«t i» :> 



' hul in our opinion "the cfsusea of actiun", properly ao-caV-ed* 
nf^rc not, tiud certeirily "tut losuce" a^id "tlic f-. ctis** inv; Iveti 

. w«*r^' not, different i:i the two cajea. It ia true tiias. tiie 
Brttnc« AppellwtP Court in XiC 1 illboffrd i u« lia/iXng C«inp3ny v, 
kcCarsi'mn, ITjI il!, App, !^2?, decideO tk^l it t?<^ijld r«c-t aold 
tiiiat the oiscretioii cf the Court b<?loiy nad bean .'ibuaisja in 
its r<*fu8ing to cUa'-vjlve the injuncaio?', originally KJ^'^-J't'sa 
afcainat the prissjcution of t^ia In-a !iuit» af-d fiA"th«r held iJuRt 
under tii-o :».vcr>v.cnto gl u**- bili \,iit. re:.<e4y in ft<juj,tv fttttj the 

cion: .ndeiiU'^tt/Qind 3i:itiul'c!.r:toyv onfj« 

/ 

iiut tkc iujuvic titan .-md alsa-Jved by the dir>!:.isaftl 
of t}i« 1)111, the In-a' a*-it was proaecutedi the i'-illboiirii * ub- 
lishing uo.iipayo' co'uld i.avc era sod in -.efenoe t.' it, inooaveri- 
lent na ii r-iij^ht iinye been t> it to ii»!ve don*- uo, <;ver:/ ."aiittor 
tiiai, it <iia raise in the cimncery auit. it €-lc-ctc-d ejc:; t.i/;.r to 
da tiiat nor to filf' a. n^;.w bill, nor «>\feB, U2:til loni;, after, to 
"^ >. suf; out tx -a-ril of «;rrur or. tiav dia&iti&al of the old one, p'-r- 
tinacivUiily «d]ti«=. rinp ti; the errorieau;? theory t>int tuo order 
of dia,Tii£»8ai T^ao void, 'ihi« it diit at ite pf;ril, and we think 
it hae now no f.ruaxid of coi.-.pl tsint, 

Vhe decree of the virouit Jourt of Larcr. -il , 1914» 
oiaaiidoin^, the bilJa ?^r^tx ciisa^l virif-; tiie injuriCtioB .as before 
reeiteciiis afflrsitd. 






. :-d.^i.- . .L :; Jixifi 






190 - 205C7 



o oorpor«tiori, ii 

Defendant in :.rror, f) 

) ;cBKOi> TO himiCli^AL UoUhY 
T«. I ) 

«. oort>oration, I' ) 

ilaintlff. in T'ttot, / ) 






,''o)' JL p iTi. k «,> v.^ \J^ 



j?or th*" sase reaopna for 'wiiic-;; ?/€ affirmed the 
Judrtment in ^ uinlsn v. "ha .-.Ijulni corapany, 'o, 2;.654, in vfhich. /^ 
an opirsion was filrd April lii, 1915, tt© Qh?,ll affiria the judp- /-> 
aent in this ca«e. \_' 

':'hc» differencee .ni-u not vitaj or i.-'-crtant; the 
esscKti'il Qucations irivolved i'le ta? aia:-:?, 

Tiiere 3rc' Vno Ali::irii i:o'.\4!!xni(s conriscted witii 
thia litigntion, tshicr. fcr convcni trice we sianll ufvSiG'jatc 
>ilsiini wOS-.p>^r>v a. arx' Al.;irji Company i'. , in tine ci^.ae o.t bar 
tiiK Court uriosf a7i(iRtjtl> fuuiid, fira^, tj.nl, the /.lihini Com- 
pany A., uainf- liiv nn^e under -nuic:.. it waa doing business in 
thP litJJtf^ cf Bew '^ork, of thf: "Alaiinl :.tudlio3'*, j;ucci*aaed 
good* frc;s tiie ; uce Turiiiture >^oxi any, ordering aoeae ol' tiiem 
. eont to v.ory ;.!Uin in 4.oci;oaier, f-ew Vori^, auid ociBC to y, C, 

Pickeeicea, ..yr.'^cuiie , .New York, ana i.f.a'v tne eoods T/ere »o 
- »hi]iped, ^ 

The p]fti.ntiff in «Trj!r ir. very insiir^tent teat 
ti\ia' waB not suff icis^r. lly j:rc)ved, "it: think the deroGitigns, 
■?fit^. the corres- ondence introduced, entirely Justify ti.ie finaing, 

the C.;i»rt found, aecor.d, t..at before tiit;se goode 
were p»id for, Var^ Alu.ini Coispany A. iiad ce.nsed to e:^ij^t by 



'■ii 



. V 









the liir.itntion of .its turntl-jn n\. itxi org/j/;iaaticn, nnd that 
Alminl Cocppny I-, hud been fully or£,?»nl2Cd for the purpose, 
na its certificate of or{!:fif!l2;ation t'xprcsees it, "of continuing 
ana taking over ons of the ^euav nu&e, v/iiOwC Ci.urtex* ex; irod by 
lisiitation of liurHuion c;nnua.ry , 1915; rmtl ti.ird, thnt tiae 
capital stoci: of ^50,C-vU of th© /dsiini Con:pa:iy :,, rfiih Uie 
•xoeption of ^iw. '^, ?raB paid, PS it® csrtif i;;Rt« recites, by 
"all of tn« property and aoarts of tn? /l.uinl Cofat-any /..; aud, 
fourth., tnat tii« preceding findings showed Alaini cou^paxty ij, 
to be iinblc for th?? «;nount cl«'a£a«d by ihe Tucic- ruriiiture 
COffip any . 

'.v'e think all these ooncluaijns ^rere correct. 
Certainly they conforw to the justicfe of tne lawtter, atij we 
can ae« n-j vcar.t of conformity --^^iti; the In*. 

Tiie pcint f;;ad« by t.Vie plaintiff in eri-or concern- 
ing the --^nt of rower of ritho.r c'<..rT,o ration Ic "traiic in I'ur- 
nituiR" is n&t well taken, }c Q-xca d«fer.cc coulci be fc-.nde to 
a auit for ihe purciusse price cf (Cco .-a like, theee, of s.ach the 
orderinp:; party accepte the- berjefita, even if tr.c jfUxci^aaer 
could not, fle the cour.ael for uef enaani. in error &ay at cnn, ?!J 
ant', aa we al 'iv think it ct-^n, "b<i roasonnbly conaiafred as fairly 
incidental to the baainesB of iraerxor dt^ccrRtion, " 

The Jud,wiaent of tiic ;, unicipal Court of Liiicage ia 
affiiBiea. 



S' • ■ ■■>.■! 'S 






:; .f •■■:.,;: i,i:'AXO 'lr> ■'?.?/' ::(i 1 f « IS!) tiJi a.n 

,■'■1'-; V,'- 4 K- -. 'iu vJCiv'.:^OXft 

:'...') -;tv..:' ;j-vi': «!!iJ ;.H;- ..i^JijOJt 



iil3 - 20635 



wMJ.Si' CC;^iAl?Y, o oorioratittn, } 

for u*e uiic of J, h;, :aiw.;-:Oi , ) 

Adi^&r, of t.h«s iatatf of J, k» } 

"HlhdfjMt cieceaaed, ) 

Appelli3,nt, ) 



vs. 



0? ChlCAur, 



'^ / "^ 9 1. iR 

\ ^ ^_ C-/ ■^'^' -*- t> '^ A. • <L/ V-r 

Tfte qu'sationa in tuii* case bear Kiuoii reiseji.iiiarjae 
to taose presented to us in (♦eoawio v. wy«mon iihart ^ xae iiftil- 
road Compjway, 1?thir-"T"ii^*iiSi^ in tiiia Jourt, in v^taci;.. we filed an //', 

/V V 

opinion Jooursry Lit), J.-tfii, that iu I'.oi sa yt?i ;.i.-i!.t«d i.i Uie /^-^r 

-•'^ ""^ ' 
x*ef;crtu, .5C must rfij-eat ii«?.rein tihut v?e a?»iii in ua\l cjj6« • "^ri-f .' 

"it aec:*j» t'w' ua Uixit r«aoon fno. tht' loisical coacluaionn to 

o© aeriYed by analoigy from tfic generai <lcctrAne« of afcncy 

coincide -a^itr. tht ^eif^M of aut;.ori.ty ir. suataij.inr t;»ia 

statfiSient tc bt foui;d in the opir^iori in • ulf , Colorado ^« 

:>3Tita K'e Ffillway CoapAny v, Jiodge, Iv: 'rex&8 '.iril /i?|.«al8 

Heports 643: 

*A Icu&X attition a/^xent in otmrK«i &t' a railroad. 
cciapp.ny*a buiiinees at »« particular titMtion is rrr8i>/T)C?d to 
have ajit;.ority to represent the sictij.pmny In all a.'!,tter» cori- 
n^oted wit . the tz-PKncactiori of ila busixifae at tiio.t i.artiou» 
lar station, out ac ia not preauriiPd to hsve jaiit;.ority to .-net 
for the Coa.p3.ny at otiier ytariona* ^n-i -^her. he e.tie»pt8 to cso 
»o, ai3 net, u: leas rut-ified, will not bind tht forepnny.' 

iikln J r<-'ro3i.tio« vfaa l«id down ii. t/io caoe cited 

as apiylyin/K, t'> tiie Alleged contract of tjue atation fxis^nt in 

certAlf of tiic coxpfin:/ to fur^.iah ut»rtt on tn«y lir*«* of iAn u-an 

rotid tout at «:>oti»cr cstction. :f t-.isj oc tjif; Isi^r r!li'».'Ctijit4 

liuob :*n Allowed corstrtict., a, I •-rtio;i , ii, io trut~ tfwit a 









^rj.i- ,-:: 



J 1 : liij 



:•; L :■■■■•■ .'■ J iif- :*-r-i:>rsi:oa 



.> . . ..■ ,<• 



■tMli. .'■ • :l .1'\ tv: :,;.- ..■^- . ' 

.■ti ^t ■ ■' , i' c . 



or "incidental* authority to y^^nkt^ a contract hir\,xinr the road 
to f ami ah cars P-t » p,iri.icul«.r cSRtc on a for«ii5». rood," 

in i-cs-ciiinfc our conci uaions in tiie cm^c at bar 
we b«-ve givcis ap-pel^ftnt t>iC ttcncfit uf ih^i doubt, if tiu'tp. Oe 
ft doufet,, on tins? cjue'ition ^^hetxier ti:.e suggeated or |.r9^iOt.«d tos- 
tJLtiony of iT, r/urin, t.-ift station R^cnt of thr Idaho f^ortiiQrn 
JHailroad at Hs?riot ^should be ccn^ider©a as in tne record. ;.f 
it, car: ^^ropcrly be so uoruudf^.rccl, It is c^cawje In effacl, the 
eoll OQuy betwec.'i tm? Ccurl and ijounsel coACRrnint;. it inv-;i ved 
or i"pli>;>ci i* atipui .t. tiers to tar** effect; in oJvi:*:!- wcids, that 
it waa adiiiitttd that ;.'anr; woul u t.atify jta tn?' couruicl for the 
plttintiff acsarteci tixal zht would, Tua C'>21cQUor i« aivcn verbatim 
ii5 the Bill of 5:xc«'j-tiQna and aa recited &ln.j in the- Aiouellee'a 
Isricf and »rgu;i;int» "'lie i; prcEsiior) it asucea i->n our Piinda x« in 
liiift wlt-h U;it contention of tat sj-p^lUiiit reg^arding it. >-•© 
have tiierefor^ not ^csiie^i it rieceattaTy cxrreaa'iy to pas» on 
tiift point urged •i^itii itiyistence b, ths appclloe, thac ii iu 
not to b^:: eoM^iciarcd, *.\ut Sio coriiU'^cx'irifo it, we ajrce with 
tiif ti-iwl Judge ti-.<<.v it pruveu no 2. liability af tii^ aj..pt5ilee, 

I,h<-: eirietenoe for tJae ;;inint ff ('.if.iich was all 
thKkt was heerei in tius caui!»Cf) v?ith all tnai il w»a aug^iCstad 
tjfjftt *r, 'Juan sould trotifj to, giving: to it r; conatrurtion 
favorable t» ir.ts ilaintiff, i^ only to l,;e effect Utsftt ^vugust 
6, lyt. 7, the piaintifi <jt-tve ati orcler to or .ijp.de a requndt of 
DuKin, Uiv ofiera of tifiC id^)o ."orwiern i.4iilroj».d i;oi:.j'any »t 
£a3;?<«t, Idar^o* ti>ii'^ sixty c^ra aUoula )>« rumii-ihcd it i'cr thiB 
aiiipsient oJ" iRcba, at .-siutit, dai>o, » i on vCtobtr 1, :-i . on 
October b, and ;i>: oa wctc-btr iv » lv07; Uiat Ur, l>\xnu requested 
or "pif'ceo tli<: oxuer", na o.;--} cl.lt^r.t pi«rAses it. eitia & '- r, 
tioyle, wi:.o waa U:f^ local ^i^.tr.t of t.'^.ie def ?('...-.& -t, hf^ re;.';t>n 






i i xo 



' -^..Ut 



*> fi i. .J. 

■-;/.J 



I <..■:.. "..;j 



V' 



fr. 






iihoj-t j.iTi©, nfc ?-nr.p», a junction rcini of th« Idaho Korthera 

Kailroad Company with the •rc^Dts (.hcj't '.ins, ;<-rta i.nst J.r, 
Coyle, "in tVj^ U0u»l eourae of hi 3 r.-uployacnt, ^a ]ae wlwaya 
did with or ipra rec<^i?ed by t,h?* . r«gon tiii^rt i.ine :'.niiroail, 
placcid the saia order vitn t.i3f,' Cii4cf«£o viispatcUtej.* af th« ..?a«» 
C.on Jhort .• ine I'toilroacl Conpeay* .':tt ^j^uatpa, n. r, c;olI;>j<y; 
tnat tiuortly prior to Uic first wl" ^oT>C!b«T.T t^he defer,, ant, 
tkroui?..?. ita vice-t rcai ;eat, r, Vanl';f^a»en, iifj-d a telcj.>Kon0 
convf^^rRstio:! Aiti. -..oilopy, in s>};ich 'J tml'^tuanTi irurulred oVout 
thcio^? cars, "«;d tr^at coliopy ijrifortaed nin- th»t h« h»d reGeiv«>d 
the r<PQUfat but thn'. he? i:!ie,rj't kiv^w "for 3wre* ishtithpr "the.v 
v/ere foinf: to fr^-t Uxc- on time," bui the- <<ppcllv'int m-uld ^fet 
theni aa qaick na '"'tJiey'* pot tf^iy^,; (presxiTMStbly ht? mcnrit ua socn 
aa the 'iailroad j-cot tn^^); thst on V'^rioyj occabions ;^ftTr'i?ar<i 
Vaiii>fuaen li.'sd corsv^renitirnv^ -tfitii. toiv.^py /^feout the c^vra rind 
Collop.v woulo. any "ifiat h** didnH tocw v^R-n tte svould g«t tiiss., 
tUat ',^iier. tiiey got on his tiistrict iso ay ct>-'lo fina. t>;C.. he 
would tell us** (the j.l&iEtiff .) 

All this, unctetT i.!i'- iialdiriK which 'src s.'ide in 
Goodwin V, '-,ni^,on kiho-i, i.ixw ..Rilr-vad Caiapany, 3..jira , iuMa 
atiort of proving: nny linfeilitv of iho defendant oorpoyation for 
..aii^Hf^ea reo l^lnti; fr^^a the- frtiluro to Usve ths? oar a nt ?.jsb.'.et 
at Uic ti!tif-:s op«oified. 

NeiUior I'aAnci, the £it!>ti.jn ir.jvator of t-iir^ "dalio 
■'Orthcrn :RiJryad .". ORipa .y at ^/-iCt, nc Ooyle, tiic Xoofol :^.i:eni 
of the defendant at -Jniipa, isor !;o.ll:;'ijy , t.i=c aJtvf train dis- 
pfttcher at " arspa, is ar.own by it. tc iu^^vt- Lud Vuf. »utr.;or..ty to 
bind tUc d©f<^rjdant to havf care on a attrtioa off it» o\/ri rofid 
and on a foreiign road at i.h*' ti.-*;ea jpf-cifled; nor, indet«d, if 
it co«if»» to f-hct, anew it. "i.'.ow cny pro-:X8e on the yvxt, of any 
agent of thfr dc;f enoant, Jiut- '.jrized or uri:i,utriorii5eii, to harts 



■ ,■■- .- ^ - - .' . . ■. ■ ...J ,.o'i- "'5. - -... i.^^n-van^; 

. - ;' -i-J :■■ ■ ..:- ■ B-fV ■ .-^ AW.L' -)/?> 

.■•-■. i - J. . ■ ■ ' . , :.:- K'*! ■ '-i' n'C^lfU \ 

.,.■,..■■:' r ■ " •.; ■ :•... ■ ^ -i.v'. . r.i ■ J^'04i.. ntJi;i 

:'■■-■-■ -.: ,.:.!... ,; :■ -i.^^.--: vJ.J'^ v..;='-. j^Bt.J 

■., ,,. .-• , i.«': 4« ^ ;■ -:.;..■. ' ■ -i. . ,. xsii 

• .. .,••■•. ,.: ,••-,;;:.. i ti.. ': - . ;' .;^-f^'yr. OD 

,; ; . .(.-.-' ^ ■; ; ;..: ^ .' ■/':';. •■ \- ■ \.' ;.- .-rA^;- a/^ tr)i*i1.j 
■■r' ,'■_:■■ r-J . .'"..J . \ ;.,!:-.V y- -' '-y. ' i i .:^- ;:.r .e<l 

•■ . .• ^ -■;;- -■;■'■■ v-;.:^ . l- <>; Vq^-'ttoU 

■ .: : t .. ' , ■:;:., >,;,; v^'>.i.,. ''r.-si^ii' .?-ji}*v.) 
; , .* ii ; • ■: : : ,;■ ; ■.'-. ■ I J.. i>fij •;:»'« 

- t: •: ..:;•• , • -X .; v.^.,; ,. ,. ■ . <- v!J, t^;jal* 

* ;■■;>.,;. ;. . .:■ V- ">•;:■; !"*..•■■ .i ...' : fi-^:^^./^^..- 

'■■ ■ ■ ■ , Jj.v * ■>; »:'.*,'-;■ ■-•.,* .;J iHA'., / ;:/J) i**!: ■ 'lo 
■ -■..; v..; ^,f vi^ "-^w: X fc- , •'.^,;:ii^. ■ J;« *Xi');:ioJja«:i 

\^,: ■; ■ A ■■ .■■..,,:. .-Jii^ ,i;i;, 'V,-: ,:r, !;■■;»':-« "l <? rrv iyn» 



th«& there. It might well be that, aa it was said jjunn would 

testify, if allov/ed, he, Dunn, "placed tJ.ia order - Uial ia, 
the order {.Uven him througli the requf^st to uo so," with :oyle, 
the local fgent of the defendant at limupst, fund that Ooyle "in 
the usual course of his cj^ployrnerit, sa he ftlwuys did T/i Ih or- 
ders receiTed by the « regon ohort Line hail road Co/upany," 
placed the aaid order witn thf Cnief iapatcher of tht . regon 
ciliort Line Kailrosd iJOKipany, hr, lollopy, and yet ;.r. oollopy 
not have made any i;ru;uise or entered intj B,ny contract fur tiie 
defenornt to have the cars Lu«re, pnn the tsstimony of Van 
Deusen a» to hia conver8ationx> ^itrj 'ollopy would aeetn to i»i- 
dioate very strongly tnot he di(i not. 

iiut in any event we di. not think thRt either t^ot 
lopy or (^oyle can be prcso^Mftd to JiKVe had autiioylty to bind the 
Oregon Jhort hine to put cara at a particulax station on r 
foreign road, at a particulnr tiae, ?ujd certainly no e:ipre88 
authority is nho\m. 

'.a it waa in the r.oodwin case, so in tiiis cf*;ie, it 
is argued that the lumiai'-ing cars by the deferidsnt io.ter than 
the dates si ecif ied wne eviaence tt. go to the Jury of ratifica- 
tion of a proiiise by its rigents to have tnem there on tii0.^e dates, 
we do not think it woula hsve been so, even dio we tuini: tuere was 
a promiae by aucn agents, ; or do v^e think there is any t^reater 
force in the argument that there being evidence timt at 
previous; ti.. es requeela to p-ficnts of the defejidants to zmvc 
cars at certein dates at stati ns on the line of the ' t.cif ic 
and idaiio orthcrn l ail way (known as tixe i , i , ii, Jine; and 
on stations of the line of the Idrdio lorthern f;ail rowd had 
been succesaful in bringing cars of tne . regon .jhort ) ine there 
at the times specified, therefore the authority of the otation 
agents or train dispatchers to rtiaise a contract to have them 



. . ''--r . u.- .' '■,"■- 'i ■■■' iii':-'K.-ii '* IJ ^. -.^-^it^ij -.i' ft'*vi,.; is'.io aai 
^. •' ;. ■■• .:> .,' ■ '■; ' ..-.^.v;:' . '. ^ ■JtttsisrjTst •':. ' :.-.> Ji'^viSt': .v'^ojf ■fiiJ 

■.-o:i-;- .?; J«--v -.■it- ^vqoL-io .< ,■'.• cO b.'i^i'3r.Ii«H sai.i jiosic: 

...'cxv. i.ri,! ,5,' ;", ^ v.i": ■-'">'•: ' . i :■ » flJ'^^iisi 
- ■ . :■:,.)'■> ■ t> liii:-.^ .iO I.. .>»• ■:.<>V:* Vx-i:- fit JUt' 

- ■jc ;-.■ •;■;■■. itn !.«;£> .tilt T^'qi ' Js 1.-5 j^.o $ vq o-J 9i..*. i >;rt«>.rii; oiOg^^fO 
.::; s-^y- :. J . :':>.t' :>.iJ- Yti a<:co i\ai.-' intui ??a^ .'0iij bcji/JVtn ei 

■■■■; ■■ , .i-f r\. ■ j,>-;-''i-^' -H!^ .» \ , • ^. CJ aJPii.iJp^'r ar»;isi^ ui/oiv^tq 

.■N- '>■.:.: 2o V!i\-. ■:'>ci-t .lo jn i.. ^;> .■»< a^j.'rwi ai^Stsu fn mitivt 

■'■ -,!.•; , . . ■ cJ.t u.i .1 » ^.' ; var/fjta,-: ni'>.i^*io - oi'l«£>I itno 

■■ ., .:.<--:. I r^'-.-C a-f- i.tio OiisJ) . ;v Jo oiiJ" i H(i.> 1:o aaoiiy'.J'S no 



there 'Dust litrforcc bfj imrl ie«i ^-y th<;lr previoua conduot in lik« 
natters nud frorf- the r?itifloation piveri ti;.eir previous like acts 
by the defendant.** 

?»ue d«f«ntU*nt aeni<^ti tbat tlicrw its any auch evi* 
d«nce, but IT the te^Btimony of VanJ/eawen enn o« a;' Goriatrued 
the arirureent la not valid. 

Vi-iC upiniono in certain CR«er. citod by th.t; {;^] »in«» 
tiff lend it countensnsc, but we t/ilriJc il ia Sf.:a,inist t;ae ■^eljiiiit 
of nutiioritj ami ti»e bstter t^&toa, ^.nc-*e ability to oblige 
may not b«? e-.u-l to one'K Villlin^^^uess to oo ao, and bt'omjsc a 
rfiilr««5.<i co?.-r;jjny May be holh a'tlt> and '^illitai to do ao at one 
time ou<-ht not, in reason, to tenc^x it liable fci- the rrav-lta 
of an in&bility to do ao at aoot^',er, Onlesa a bin-.ins cantraot 
tm» bv ttit? df>f«nclr>nt rs-'-'de or ir-pliri'i for ti.ia pnrticulav oc- 
casion, ihe plaintiff has no ;.',round of eofeiplaint ftgftiji»t it. 

■*' tiiinjj it. shoulc be noted tliat unless v/« nere 
■lelnformed whe^n considering/ the tcodr/in caae, sj!ii>ja, nnd atill 
coritinue a..ic- taken, {•nt^.icL me find no r«a*joj;i in Ui« r«soo}<i be- 
fore yL« to believe, caunticl for rp> illee iipia by in.-^civertence 
persisted in hits brief .-wa RrKU^rjent in confuying' t^a cSifrertsnt 
lines of rwil-*»y, .Iw-set ie, or was at Uie ti;;:e of tiics© traij&- 
-^ acti ns, on the line of the Idimic -orthnrn ■.»ilro»d, of fuich 
iJunr;. w.na ftn oaploy©. Tfti ». railroad rnn from ■,i;.-.«'t to murphy, 
crcBiUm: tue Oreg:;n ..hort line at ra.npsi. y.ut t-hc acific .i- 
Idaho riorthem Hail-iVf*." is on&ta«r linci «Itop;et>;er, :inci ;.a<:pfl 
ie not ita junction jsoin'- with ths .rt»gDn 3hort .■ i:K*. It rune 
fro-ii Vev ?»afiowo to ieiser on tije irrgcn vJiort ; inc. p»B»in(r 
throufTJb vergre^sn, vahire the care were required b.y oodvm 
in tuG traneActiono invoiveti in Goodwin v, "be r«gon ^ort 
Line, »u j> ra. 

»« tni.'i« tbere tstrb D'. eviae.-ic*^ ts-naiaj.; to Biiow 



'( ; 1. , ■ ' 


,Jt«A;..' ■ 


■yvid^ 


: .:';''i'j 




■■'■ vs 



'cso ns. 



^.i J 



■; ■' x:'Mi '..;';» 



-: i. - 



. i rx« 



■1 " ;r ; :0 






;; .; J, .' .■! ^ ' .« ;. 

.-MV" it--.!.-: ■ "'J 
■■■■■■■^.i 'r.~ J. 



defendant's liability to re- to t,h<; Jury, nnA MirI the Judge of 
the '-unicipnl Court ri^rhtly directed » verdict, 

"ihc. Jud.ssient of thn ,'.; an iol pal rourt in thera- 
fore of f irraed. 



oJ 



qapg"? 



ftPR2 5l9;5. 



258 - 2G5S4 



Bcf sr.dant in Srrcr, ,! 

) iRRCrl TO xiiii i. ij::ICIr'AL 
V3. ) 

} CuUlVr Oi'' CIIIOAGG. 

iKIIIiC'o CHICAGO CITY liXi-RAoS CO., } 
Plaintiff in Error. } 

1 '^^^ ^^ '^ h o O Q 



DilL.IVl]Hi^iD THE Oi-i::Iuli 0J7 TKi, GOURi. 

Tiiis i 3 a. writ of orror sued out to reverse a 
jud^nent of tiie j;.unicJLpal Court of Cliice^o for ,.124.15 in 
fs.vor of .V;aisy B. Page, the defciidant in error icrein, and 
against iirink's Ciiicago City Lxpreos Coiiiiany, oiic pla.intlfi 
in error herein. 

The judgfl'ient was render c-d in an action of tort 
tried "oy the Court belov/ without a jury. The action \:o.c for 
damages done to the auto:.iObile of the dcfencant in error, 
v/iiieh while being driven by her huebiitid, ■-ecii iage (■'.mjio ■.vas 
alone in the car) collided with another autoiJiebiie. The 
claim of the defendant in error is ohai. hr. lage was forced 
to incur this collicion (to avoid a iiicrc iorious acciden-O; 
"by the negligexice of a servant of the plaintiff in error, 
v/ho was driving one of i'cs express v/^gona. This driver 
turned sharplj- across the path of the autoi^iobile in a neg- 
ligent and careless rianner, the defendant in error alleges. 
This Goupelled .. r. iage to do the sa-..ie with the defenda.ni in 
error's car, v/i.ich brought it, witAoat his fault, into col- 
lision v/ith an a-utosiobilo i."i;!.ediately behind. 

The defence is three-fold: i'irst, tnat there 
v;as no sufficient evidence that the v/';gon turning in front 
of the defendant in error's autoraobile ■.;.as one of the :-:rinI: 



Company's -vaguns. C<,con6 . thf:t rve-:^ if tl.xs do conc^eded, theri 
ic no sufiicicat ev:Lc^cn-;e of nc-lj^erce or. t};e p^-t of the 
driver of the ra.^on; c.n,\, finally. th^.t in ^:^ny event ^here v.as 
cc^ntrlbotory neglif:cnce on the p-rt of la^jo, the arivc- of the 
s.utoniobilf, \;hich i^iBt prevent recovery. 

V/e thinlc these were all questions for a jury, or 
a court v/hich sit 3 in t/:e i^lcce of a jury, xhers can te no 
doubt that the first one x:..s auch a question, and that there 
was conoernin,- it quite sufficient evidence for the plaintiff 
to ovcrcor^e the evidence offered for the d^-ifendant, -.^hich v;a3 
2:iostly nc^utive and inconclusive. 

A3 to the i:hird question we are equally certain 
it vas for the trial Judge, sitting in the plJ'.cs of £- jury, 
and, noreover, vre agree v.'ith him in his conclusion. It is 
only on the second question that x^e conceive there lai^ht 'be 
room for doubt. But vdiether v. defendent was negligent is 
a question o.: fact - unless all reasonable men could come 
to but one conclusion regardinc it. ./e do not t.^ink tiiis 
is such a case, nor that ivhere is a clear prepondv:;r3-ncc of . 
evidence against the finding.-; of the trial oudj^e. 

"rhe jud£>nenx. of the : unicipal Guurt is ai'- 

f irmed. 



575 - 19980 



\ AJJiKRT BUCK, Adminiotrator of ) 
deceased, }/ 



t: 



o 



Appellee, 

/ ) OF COOK COUI'JTY. 



0, W, B03.EETHAL, ) 

X I Appellant*/ ) 

y 



l4Ti, JU^iTICE BAKIH DE1,1VF.RED TK£ OIIKIOK OF THK CuUKT, 

This apyjpal brings for review a jud^^ment in fa- 
vor of the Bd'.'.lnlatrator of Auguat Bockelman against j, rf. 
KoaentLnl in an action of tort for wron^;fully oauaing the 
death of JriookelKian. Uoeenthnl was a contracting, cari enter 
and oontraoted to lay a hardwood floor and prfti arc tue sur- 
ffice thereof fur a laoaaic floor v.-.ich /»o*» to be IniU by 
Keee in Hlgheiaaer's ealoon. The room occupied aa a aaloon 
was in the for.:, of an L, vit.- a frontage of iJ f«et on Clark ' 
street extending north from a point :ib feet nortr. of the 
comer of Van Buren, and a frontage of about 2k, feet on Van 
Buren street extending west from a joint about 7 feet est 
fro&.> the corner of ..lark street. Aa ori^-in»^lly conctructed, 
la /. 12 wooden bearas were placed under the center lin. of that 
portion of the aploon wliich fronted on Clf-rk atreet. The w«»t 
end of the first boom frorti the west wau supported by a stair- 
way ivall and the cast end routed ori an iron column eigiit feet 
frora the stairway wall, tnuo making the first upan a span of 
ei^rht leet. Lther bearus extended east and rested on txcd were 
eupported by iron colurana placed tvvelve feet apart, Uoluians 
were placed on the first and upper floors on top of the oase- 
Kicnt coluuina to uupvort the ujper part of the builciing. As 



-< 



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o3«}Si - ev^ 



•-..,Ji3i) 



. Jr«>"3f X?'v{('>.S 






>i-r,.-i3 ;.io j^fil i. j'.o ■;■..•;■ rxu'.'i :•> ; ; Av ,d aii lo .;.io"i dXirf ni Cii'w 

"li.'j.'ri i'>, \d i)*ito.:jqi,'u «'< iv ^Brjw «iSj' jitc'2'l *ja^'»d tniil 9iii Tto iiit» 
"to liti.-j.;. a .w/jqu ■icti'i 3iil.i .iox/iun a>^<i5 , llnv \,mtxitfiii fnU moitl 



oritiinally pIaoed» the column placed on the saloon floor pre- 
sented the placing of the. saloon fixtures* after the chang:e, 
nthero It vskH desired to pluce thea. The colurtin waa moved 
and tii« coluan in tiie baseiTient ^/as alao aoved east four fe«t 
and placed beneath tiie column on tiiC aaloon floor and tJrier« 
set up on a c«>ment base on tii« floor of the basei^exit, rhia 
increased the apaxi betvyeerj the stairway wall and the firat 
coluxBn froa exfc^it feet to t^eJve, The eight foot bearn was 
taken out and replaced by a tveiv© foot beans, which reached 
frora the stairway wall to Ine first ccluran. liu; old <;oaden 
floor was a foot above the level of tjue sidewalk, iioaenthal 
contmcted to lower the floor a loot, ic do so no cimiige was 
made in the beains, but the Joisiits were cut off and lovsrered a 
foot and faatened in taai position tu the oeatiiS by an^^le irons 
find clevises. 

At th»« li:ii(i of l»iie acciUent plaintiff e intestate 
was a laborer in the service of s osenthal and mia at %'ork in 
the base^ntnt under the igheioier saloon. ^ n the morning of the 
aooldsnt Rees was uaintc the floor space of the saloon afcove the 
first column for piling ^laterial . There was in it b ga of c«- 
ment, boxes of tiles, a tafirrel of water, nxal men «vere hauling 
frojii the aidewalk aand and placing it in buc.'i opace, About aix 
tons of sind were duruped on Van l^uren street, but it does not 
nppear what quantity hod been taken into th^ saloon. 

Vie do not think that the fact that Hees, the 
f&osaio floor contractor, vvae found not e^iity by the Jury is 
conclusive ai^'^ainst the rn;nt of plaintiff to recover against 
hosenthal. It is not oho vn tJiat Kees knew hovr the floor was 
supported, and he :ui(^t place a greater weik.xit on the floor Chat 
it, constructed a a it waa, woula support .ithout being guilty 
of, negligence. Au to l eea, the question for the Jury was, not 
whetaer he ;laced too great a ivcight on the floor, but wuftther 



^<>;;>' :-...:ti ''■ii^ •-< '!;;nM ,i. ivj.ijjfifil sss'OAtts ,".*? Uj> ?,inj.enio. swW |;**n»v 
iiA-ril '-';rf,df bi-t.- (Ain-'i x>-:,';'i. Ui^ a ••nin *j*<m}'^'.?tf ss/sqw »r4 , J*o«A«i*!ionii 

$SM.V. .-".rj^f fco"^ -■'•'iji"'- '•:''' ,»\''«w4- O-.? .T^^l Jci^iS Iftft'St «n,Uleo 

ri4!v< 'iVi,';.?,:-- «-:"■> t-Ke t^ia-.' "if-o y.^:sa^ 'ra-o.fi- '^xiJ ■%tti:-j.Kt ««'?i' . 8y?»?f ;^K©- , -^ 

t 

iSiJi ,.«*»/? .■ij-iv^*^ i'.><ill: acli i»i3ti ai'RJtrtJ f6u 

'■am; "Hctiil t>.i J ' Stan WrsCIS! •t3*;''rj»ir*,J h 
, . ' ' i. i: .i,;::5 :',i^ i ij o ;^ ,« r '-^r. ■!• 1 it ' j 



ho did i»o neti,ligently. ha to RooenthaX the queation for th« 
jury vvttfc, if they found that the floor was so overloaded aa 
to iafckfe it unaeife and danger us to wor>c bf ueat- it, -jfhether 
Uosenthal knew or ought to hnve known that the floor was uij- 
safe and dangcroun. he adjudication that ieee was not 

guilty does not prevent the plaintiff from recovering against 
Rosenthal. The i a sues between the plaintiff and Heea and '.lose 
between him and oaenthal are different, to recover against 
hees, the plaintiff was bound to ahow that Kees negligently 
overloaded the floor. To recover agriaat Hoeentual» plain- 
tiff was not bound to ;ihow thai the floor was ne pli^^ientlx 
overloaded* but only that it was unsafe and dangerous and 
that hooenthal neglii^ently sent plaintiff's inteatate to 
work beneath a floor whici« he knew or ought to ^ave known 
was unsafe and dangerous. 

yrom the evidence the Jury aight properly find 
that it was the t'/elve foot beam tiiat spanned the apace be- 
tween the stairway wail end the firot coluscn that first 
broke, and that while plaintiff's intestate was at work in 
the basement the floor with the rnHterials thereon fell into 
the basttnent on hifa and so injured hia th.>t he cUed. iJRViss 
was Rosenthal's foreman in charge of the work on the liigheimer 
saloon. !ie was at the aaloon on the taornin^: of the accident 
and before it occurred, was on the stairway and went down into 
the baaeiacnt. :<otice to or icnovsled*ge of avies of the condi- \^ 
tion of the floor ^iioh fell was notice to or kno.^ledge of 
rtosenthal of ouct. condition. 

The declaration contains but a ainrlc count. In 
that count it ia averred tnat Hees neKlt<«ntly took into the 
building large o.uaT)titie8 of material to be u;>ea in carrying 
out hio contract r.nd X'lt^ced the aaiue on the fii-st floor of the 
building and negl lf:entl.y j.laced too lar^^e an Hioount of a.attrial 



■\«'i(y«v?-.vi-/-4;>n a^i'*-:. ^,«a^ wi»i:'i& gj' imisod «a»- 'Jti;frtl'-^lQ *ji* ,«»«ja: 

-'>i!f «^>^ji.,iR H^„^ i?? ".^^je Jf-'Az-^ih* *rii?»^is{ .Iwf.st •©?'X»w^ tttiJ ojwsr ii fjS£C4' 

:>«*o,l ii|£.'i>t .5.; .,$!>'. fc.v<* %m:f iM€ mS' jm «Jii«f . v&'^'it'**"'^^ yr>tc r 



on said floor. "Ke overloaded th« sa/ae to aadi an extent &o 
as tnat said floor ^roXe and fell uown into aaid basttsxent." 
That plaintiff's lf}tf»at«t« waa wording In tlie baaecsont under 
the orders* of -oaentnal In Um dlocnarge of iiia duty and in 
the exorciae of ordinary care for hits own safety when aaid 
floor above him, "beinK so overloaded aa aforeaaid broke and 
fell down onto hifla* and killed hiai, Ai-pcllant contends thst 
in order to recover a.wninst "'.ooenthal under tiiia aver::.ent . 
plaintiff ?ra8 bound to prove that H«e» had nef;ligently over- 
loaded th^ floor, in «aia contention we are unable to concur, 
life think txiat tn«< declaration well and sufficiently avera 
that the tloor wua overloaded by nees* ani that a.a against 
.'Rosenthal it v/aa not necessary to prove t-hat it v/aa net_li(^:ently 
overloaded by Hees. The caae vaa tried on the theory t^iat as 
at^ainat lioaentxial it waa dufficient for the plaintiff to prove 
tl^t the floor was overloaded and that i osenti^>al knew it was 
overloaded, without any reference to whether it was overloaded 
neglii^ently or ouierwiae. At the instance of defendant lluQen* 
thai the Jury were ^iven aiiiong otiicra the folio ving instruction: 

"The only negli^iience charged against the defendant 
Roeenthal is thai, he knew or in the exerciae of ordinajry care 
should have known th^t aaid floor «rae overloaded and that 
thereafter he sent lookelnian to (vork in the bnsefiient. 

If you find froi^ the cviuence offered by nnd on 
behalf of the jlnintiff that ) oacntxiaX did not know tuat said 
floor was overlouded, mid that the evidence offered by and on 
behalf of the plaintiff fMila to -auo-f that in tKe exeroiue of 
ordirsary care in tue pi-ooecution of the ^ork lue waa doinf;:, ne 
siftou] a tiJ've knovm it was overloaded, or if you find oucu evi- 
dence leavcB the queatxof. of vhether >:ooentual aid know that 
the floor was* overloaded, or in the exeroiue of ordinary care 
should hnve known it, in doubt so tij^at you are unable to .iay 
srhetlier he did kno ,¥ or ahould have known v^ucn fact, if you find 
frort sucn evidence tuat tiiis in tne fact, tae plaintiff caunot 
recover Ofninst the defendant hoaentiial." 

■'ie think that whf tticr the lleor was so overloaded 
aa tc be unaafe ard, if oo, whether the defendant i.oaenthal 
knew or by the exorciue of ordinr ry care woula have known that 
It was unaafe and dangerous vvhcri he sent itoCvel an to vvork be- 



rci s;.?:^ <^v: ^/.•■• ■•■'•' 'v.'i*vii»i tv ' «ri^ *u XRr5^m»«?o;l 'is* «• 

aj'iiJV:^ ; r :'.;?., ,ii-j .,i-i;-; ftfj42!i i Iw^' tu^sji>-z^.. ioxih '^ttt ifa^ii ditk. 

■It .;i*ii*='i.l .?•:■!.: ■ „'> .f •. .^j i ;< 1 .u-.i,- f.-"i»Nv*f> :ancviy?i nsvi^i «■£»» • 
^00 ftro'v 






11. id i'iAj:- I'x. »,Ci^ , 






n«atb it, were queatlons of fact for the jury, or; .mlch Uieir 
▼erdlct should not be disturbed. 

The riiXe Gtatcd in Condon v, uchoersf eld, iil4 ill, 
226, io that rAiere a Ueffndant i^ove» for a directed verdict 
ana offers no evi mce, his rigiita mu«t be determined fto they 
existed -i;»'i::en the r;.oti.on wma xcnde, notwithstaiiding another 
Joint dpfendant aubsequcntly offers evider>c« in hiss own be- 
half. In our opinion the defenucmt iioaenthal was not en- 
titled to & directed verdict in Jala favor on the «videiijc« of- 
fered by Ui© plaintiff, arid the Court aid not err in denying 
his riiotion therefor. 

Me tniak that the record ia free frois error, and 
the judgment la affiziaed. 



*••;.! if*..- ai.i :'S.i -;;.,'isfci.V^i» S'StiTiS' ■^/jfiE?A»iJj9««rfy« 



267 - aL.197 



CITY OP CiJICAGO. 

;;ef ettdant in trror, / / 

/ j Km\QU TO kliiilGiiAL COUl/f 

/) UF ChiCAGO, 

) 
) 

■ ".A. 398 




iLh, JuJnCK liAKiSR .DKLlVlt'KiiD TH>. •.iliiio.h UF Th& ULl/nJ. 



ilaintiff in error Croaa was found guilty of a 
violation of the followintc section of au ordinance of the 
City of o/iicatio: 

'*Every coiRmon, i) l-i-overnGd or ciaordorly '.ouie, 
roc-a or oi.-.£-r pr* ioes, i.tr.i for tap encouxr^ix-ju.nt of iule- 
neao, ga:i,ing» drinking, forriication or otjf,er mi^'behaviore is 
hereby cieclarea to be a puclic nuisance and the keeper (md 
»11 pprsons connected witx. the liusinten. nee thereof Hna al\ 
peraonu patronising vj.r frequenting', the «aiac anall be fined 
not exceeding ^2u0,'* 

and p fine of ;;1(0 assessed H^ainat hira by a jury. The Court 

denied def<»ndant'e motion for a new trial and sntered juag- 

ment on t.h; verdict, to reverae which the defendsint prosecutes 

this writ of prror. 

her«ian Helchmrdt had a saloon and restaurant in 
Chicago, jHnuBVy 2o, 1934, up was iijjared in a cuiJiwion be- 
tween a iitreet car and m\ aut ;..otjilc ;<nd requested crosa to 
tskc nia plMce in Uu aaloon and restaurant for a couple of 
days and Gross compiled witu tne request, ihe evening of the 
clfty following tiic day on wnicn he took charge of the place ne 
was arretted. 

The evidence, i.-! our opinion, ao<vs not anow that 
Helchardt'a place Wiile Gross was in charge of it wau kept for 
the "encourjigement of idleness, fA'.int;, drinkinf;, funacation 
or otx;f-r tnisDehaviora," m\n *rra therefore not auffici-nt to 
sustain the verdict. ,/e u.ir.k the Court erred In denyinf^ de- 
fendant's motion for a new tria] , juio lor ihat error the judg- 
ment is reveraed Hn<i tne cuuae re^anaed. 

REVERSED AIJD KEI AKDED 



i. 

I 

i, ■■■: ^-xoit^f Hi J.-' 

'r. •.-::'( '^; Jf^i''^HvUl^ V^iT He Ui-ii ( \ 

■( \ • / . . 

ft /;>, o a. J r'^ Or '^ 



■sol ^a»i?- '^x."A> Si io oa'^.«?iit<> «i, eaw ue-jxJ -Jiai.-i c«.. 



369 •> 20329 



ALBl'HT i^AK, ) 

Appellee, ) 



vs. 



liOliAKU iiP.OTiiKim. & ) 

corporation » ) 

Appellant, y 



0? CUUK CUUliTY. 



\ 



lii^. JUSTICE B/unffK] IVffitED TK£ Gi IKIOTi OP THK COUHT. 

c Tliio i3 an appeal by the aeferidsnt corporation 
fpora a Judjiment recovered aj^iaiiiat it oy aii-eiiee i tak in 
case for persortal injuries alleged tu have been the result 
of the negligence of the defendorit. The defendant occupied 
a building five atoriee in height, in vrhien was a single 
belt electric elevator running from the first t. the fourth 
floor, n the fifth story v/ao tne druit around which the 
cable attached to the car v^as wound and unwound in raising 
and lowering the car. ^ laxntif f was a blacksi:.ith eiiiployed 
in the shop uf the defeiidant* atid Frank Ji^attuews vmo the forG< 
man of tue shop, voseph I, o rand, the treasurer of the defend- 
ant, caa>e to the shop ana spoke to forea^an Lattliows. ^»httt he 
said does not ajpcar. Matthews was killed and ' orand was 
not asiced what he said to atthevo. :)lreotly after iorand 
left, Jatthens went to the elevator aiiaft on the third floor, 
taking with him plaintiff and hlanchard. blancaard took •'/ith 
hira a crowbar, t>nd plnintiff by the order of : attnevs took 
with him a crov.bar find an exteiiSion li^iiit cord. They went 
to the elevator »hsft on tne tr.ird floor Aliere the car "was 
stuck**, and Vat thews sent plaintiff to the fourtii floor to 
take an electric lig^t from the top of the car ond by m^^ans 
of the extension cord lower it iiitc the i>haft below the 

oar. ) laintiff obeyed the order and returned to the ahaft 












V .^nj«>!:i'3q;4 



;;^t \J ■'-' ^^'^ •■ '- '■•^■^ ^-^ -*- \ 



ax •: "^-if . i^xA^ ,4 \i.- i\ g« Ki^a;^*-' 
J3.SW i?fcSAno ' J>^*>^ >'fe''Ii';^" ■ i .ts 



on the third floor, iatthewa and hlanchard were pushing; a 
plank aoroBs the elevutor s}hAft« Hrid by order of S;iattiiews 
plaintiff lifted up the enc of the jrlaiUc and it was Biiovad 
onto the floor, ii.attii«WQ and j^^lanohard went on the plank 
and plaintiff atood on the floor alcngaide of the alioft. 
Matthews pointed to a f)i(>^oe of wood with hia crowbar and aald 
to plaintiff. "You see that piece of wood?" ilaintiff an- 
swered, '"jf«a, ] ace it. What do you want sm tu do'i-* and l^at* 
thews aaid, "1 push it up on my side and you take your crow* 
bar and push it up froia the other, so we can pue^ it easy." 
As plaintiff raised his crowbar the oar fell and he did not 
know what happened* "because 1 lose la.v'iielf.* 'j 

it 1b ayerred in the declaration that the plain- 
tiff under the direction of fore:*aui iiatthews proceeded to re- 
move a certain piece of wood t'smt had become Jajxuixed bf:tween 
said elevator tind the side of thn ahnft, nnd it la contended 
toy appellsnt thaT. there ie no testinony that the men were at- 
te.,;ptlng to ro ove a piece of wood or that a piece of wood 
had b<^oome Jamn^ed between the car and the side of the ah&ft. 
This contention is met and refuted by the te8ti^:.ony of the 
plaintiff and that tcstizxiony was not contradicted. 

Frosi the evidence tiie Jury aiight properly find 

that at thia tiae the cable that suspended the car had slipped 

off frc»i the drum, but of course satill paaaed around the shaft 

to which the drum was attaciiCd; mai a piece of v^uod had 

lodged between the car and the -^ide of the snaft and jtisixued. 

and stopped the car; ^hst the result of the slipping of the 

cable from the drum was to i^ive the cable acveral feet of 

slack; that Latthews dislodtfed the piece of v/ood and the oar 

fell until brought to a etop by tht; cable, .vhich, as has been 

said, paajed around the* snaft to which the drum was attached; 
tuat by the falling of the car l^atU.cws and saanchard were 



«««w5&v: l5?i;.;yAil^ 3i,iv.-:rv;»c/ ^fi4 ^iiji^ 4'0«vv 1© ©^©ig 

,,t"i.p;its 3iU to efeAK 9;.j'.r i>i-?j» •s.ma ?>^i;|- «©■«!>*■ if ^^'i S>?*, 
95.t 'id xfM;i.'i,i&-:i.$ &,'4 x^4 kft^^tit9'X tatn i&m hi I ■-. 

i^qi. k« foA'..:i '**^tt> (>'ia isesyfls^fei^-i? c?«aj, n»i«)'Mf«« ^^ 
^.iW e^l^ i-im )i};;;®vf ''j.'S ^iOv- : 



throvm frosi ttxe plank, fell to ihc botto;;i of tiic ahinJTt and 
were killed, and plaintiff waa struck by the car, thrown 
onto the floor and thereby suutained th« injuries for which 
he recovered. 

Appellant further contends that there ia in the 
record no evidence that anything waa wrong with the eleva- 
tor; txjat, no one aaya that it -vas "fast" or "Jimwied" or that 
it oould not be moved; that for t>ll that appears the opera- 
tor may have slipped away tenvporarlly, intending to return 
/J^ and resume the u.>e of the car. But the record uhows that 
after a conversation ./ith iorandi ; at thews, the blackau>ith 
foreii>an, «verit to the elevator jjiiaft on tu© third floor; 
that he took with him two men and two crowbars; th»t he 
sent a luan up to drop r.n electric lii^ht in the atiaft below 
the car, ?md placed a r lank acroaa the shaft and went on it 
with another man and gave an order to plaintiff to assist 
in prying, loose a piece of wood that was between the car aiid 
the side of tlie sshaft. ne Lhiak thfxt froxa the evidence the 
Jury ;.igiit properly find as a fact, and not by preaoniption or 
conjecture* thai the elevator was »topji;Qd by a piece of wood 
which was lodged between the car imd the bide of the shaft. 

That the oar ^^ma fiot lowered by Matthews or 
lilanchard, but »unexpectedly to lh«;;.,fell, in cletar. ^ien 
plaintiff went to tne elevutor the car was about fifteen 
inches below the fourta floor. .<hen Bauer went to the shaft 
a few minutes after the accx ent the car vas about fifteen 
inches above the tnird floor. The distance between the 
floors was eleven feet, .vhe:: tno car fell itatthews and 
Blanchard were on a plank in the ^iiaft beneath the c&x, '#• 
tuink that the jury xaitiht froKi the evidence properly find 
n that it was the dialodginir of tne piece of wood while there 
^ was slack in the cable tnat oauaod the car t:: fall; that the 



■^4 4«/:iJ i«iiT«<V.-i/'%yr 0W« ihlS:^ «■■*«* «'®i fiSid di aW ,>{00^' i»*t .■l«Si3^ 

JtfUTt 'i'*?fS> .»ii.a .'•/iMVJiV'' ■.* ?^ a^# »v,»taj &oo?i- 'io :;'j ,'>',■> Itj A . i 

tfili Mon^io.J'?^ -^Hl^ i^sj-t'i i'^s.fU .siitiilii J - «.i^- ^ ,^'^ttii& flaid "SO' 

,*^<;t{« <?iiJ t» *i3 if. J"**!? fefaiSt x«si ^dS wi^y.fiiiti fy 
i« »«r©4iirvtAi',l \^<i U9ft.fWGL #01- «!-<iw Tftflt !*iijr .tsiHf 

Rf^i^i'lit »ii-i3iSA «■•»?!• t*rft ijaitt 'Xt;.-i*.sv^i5» «»si4 o-: 

«[$'«i"tl,l .Ji;o«s'a 8»is' x^t^* a^i? iif»t»L.it»s>,»a »iW ' 



exercise of reaoonable carp for hi a own safety and the aafety 
of tiiOnQ wor mg under xiii orders required Lat thews to uscer* 
tain before he dislodged the piece of Aood which Ja&r.ed the 
o&T, whet^icr tnere was slaok in tue oable which .vould cause 
the oar tu fall If the piece of sood was dlulodt^ed; and inight 
further find that under the fucta and clrcujc&i»tsu:ices auown by 
the evidence the elevator was liable to fall in case the 
piece of cvood by nnlo:. 1& was j:i^;;..ed and held was dislodged* 
and that thia was knomi or ou^iht to have been known to ;^at» 
thetrs, but was not known to plaintiff; t^iau the act of ..:at-> 
thews In ordering plaintiff to itork under tho oar constituted 
and was nej^lif-ence of . attiievs In his oapnoity of vice ^ rln* 
cipul, and waa therefore the negligence of tne dofeiidant cor* 
poratxou, an4 that as the direct consequence of suci^ negli* 
genoe plaintiff sustained the injur! e£s for whici* he recov- 
ered. It follows fro;r< what has been said that in our opinion 
the Court did not err in refusing to direct a verdict for the 
defendant or In denying defendant* a inotlo:^ for a new trial, 

»e find no error in tiic rulings of the court on 
questions of evidence or ln.*tructions, and do not think that 
tiie argument of i;lainclff*8 counael was Improper. 

The record is In our opinion free fro;:* error, 
and %tm judgnent la affirx&ed. 

AWlKlSl'.D. 



^^■,:-.;i- ao 5-9.f' »4d' 4'ii,'.'<; i"m,f{ii.('U'i| oJ a^'nsn.'^ ,3oi; asm .fad »»tyanU 

-t ',>*!.' >x/Jc '^^ *iis.:':^L yJifiiitiO V«>»'^iV SiiJ' «♦«• t«iii^ 6ft«, ..fKttlJft'Satf 
i:ioii\i<!l<: %U^ -41: **a;K* uirfSt/ r'e»<f um-. .?*•"* {i;.';"rl .»siii;;il&'j ;fl . 

t*{i;»' °T.ol .tisliiif'i'ay ,a 4^ t- if. Li' rJ*-- ■^Kii.fcr^itTi ;ni '■•'r";'© /oiB (-iih ttuot ftil* 
cl«iti' «^>'a. » ID'S: .;Oi-it?>vj ->; Uit«tiJJi-5^3& ;:irri.;h<i& cfl za t, 



'i 



40B - 20546 



VmCKST 30TKX et al,, ) 

Appellees, ) / 

) AiPFAL ?MOU 3U>>JtI0H COWiT 

▼ B. ) / 

) ^F CCO^T COUKTY. 
Ns> KAir ;iOXI3C et al,, ) / 

I On Appeal of ASYOKIA iiOTIJi , ] / 



iiH. JUSTICE BAKJOl J[)£i.I\r£Hl£D im OJrlSIOli OV TUB COUiiT. 

Thia cauee was before th« Juprecic Court on the ap- 
peal of Antonia ootek and two other defendants in 1911, rhe 
question on that appeal ^^as whether Antonia Uotek was entitled 
to a homestead in the preiuises. In the opinion filed r'ebruary 
23, 1912, the f.'tcta tranapiring up to the time of the entering of 
the decree appealed fro» arc stated, (dotek v,Jotek, 'ti^ 111, 
302,) The Superior Court held that Antonia jotek had abandoned 
bmr homestead in the prexnisea in queation. The Supreme Court 
held that no question of nbandont&ent of a homestead oould 
arise during tixe period wlrien she had the entire estate and 
when it was uncertain ^nhether the ret:^ainder would be accepted 
subject to the conditions in her favor; that there viaa no evi* 
dene* tending to show an abandonment of her* right and estate 
after the refusal to accept the rcu&ainder; and reveraed the 
decree and rei&anded Uir cause. Lay 27, 191>^, an a^nended bill 
and an answer by Antonia ^otek and her daugiiters, Josephine 
auad Jennie, were filed and a decree entered. By this decree 
Antonia aotek was ad,judged to haTe an outate of hoRieatoad in 
the prar.iaea; the righto of the partiee in the property in 
question were declared, partition ordered to be xandc and Com* 
miasionera appoint^^d to make partition. The Comtnissionera re« 
ported that partition oould not be siade, ^nd ouly 6, 191^, a 



a^ci'- 






:?•»'}:;■.;>;. "x^i)'' "■'■ '.i 









^vy.i 



■-4i»'o 5>v>l itw i'-ti!j ■.'■-) -^^S'squi- «-ri»»' ^3v,c>*i-:' J »'«**■ Ot^iiao Simp's 

.fjtiO 3 4j?<?es •>T. i,yU3 aatjt &jjij Aiis (itxtt* iiC 
-iVis a« «svv suf'Viti Af«*y jtssywt -sad xsi atJoiJi'^iaoo «xa".T 

liairijtvvic i, ,,at»jii:.*wiifr 'ifm Un);r di»i of JbtixijSaA \4 Xi&*«.u. 
nl vjtiiq<rtqi '»ii'i ' ■':rX o«*..f"i-»'4 



decretal order w&s entered directing the i. a^ter to sell the real 
estate and divide the proceeds /nong the parties entitled 
thereto; tViat out of the procecdj? of auch aale he pay to An- 
tonia iiotek the vulue cf her homestead, fixed at ivl/OO. It 
waa also adjudged thai ohe had received reiitii and profits of 
the pre.disea r.nd expended money thereon for taxes, repairs , 
and other expenses; and the cauae v/aa referred to a ix aster in 
Chancery to taken an account of the receipts and expenditures 
of /Jitonia ootf?k f.i-cwu miv on account of aaid Ircal aatnUi^ 
iitUiXxixTy 28, l{:>-^7, her •widrw'^ av/n.rd was ap;j raided at ?v805 
9jid the appi^iunj wrs approved by the i robatc Court. In the • 
ftccountinii aJ e cjlr i-uort credit for hcT widow' 3 ar/nrd '^ith 
interest thereon, 

'.Vheth'-'r Antnnin 3otek was «;ntit.l(?f\ to "be allov/ed 

{ 
in the RCC3untJn(? the; amount of her //idow's a-.vard, appears to 

be the only question in c':nt-rovcr2y on this appeal* Th-sre 
wcLfl a deflsisiicy of p.^. i-aonal estate, imA ohc ir> T:r<="5unGd to 
hfr.v? taker th:. r£:uair.Aer of her p.7,7ard,lff t after applying: the 
prroonal pst'.tf, in tronay . The- ■ anter found that as? to that 
portion of her -ivi-ard v/bich ^^B.» not paid fron the pv^rscnal eat&te 
or by relinquiahajent or selection, she h:>d a ]ien upon the real 
eetate of the decoaaed to th« extent of such unpaid balance, .'nd 
that upon determininc; the deficiency of ouch personal estate, 
she had, in the abaonco of any rtefT.se, the rifht to havo the 
real estate of the deces.aed 3?ld to pay the balance of aaid 
award; tiiat in a proceeding by the executor to aell the real 
estate t:^ nay juoh av/ard, the order of the ;> robate Court ap« 
praying such allowance iu prlsia faci e evidence of the a'aount 
thereof, but thnt the heirs h-iv» the ri7;ht in auc-. proceeding 
to contest tVie same; that -here it in not sataifactorily ex- 
plained, delay of seven years after the grant of letters of 



. s. 



xiv'-i.e- "Vi-aw*-. s;'-s(foi>i;*' '$;'»id 'to'!. ^.f,i'><"n:«'', /:>'>,ml':5le arte .^jtiiJU' 



adifaini at ration in presenting f? petition of this character ia 
auch lachea ao will bsr any relief under it; nnd thrit lanless 
such Inchee ia aatisfactorily explained by tne p^rty aceking 
the relief, the same will prevent the apnlicaticn of the 
rej^l estate or the proceeds thcrf^of to the payme ■; t of auch 
award. 

Cctober 6, lb97, the ; robnte ;-ourt njj roved the 
final accoutst of the executor of Anton Jotek, and ordered 
that because ciore than ten years hnd elapsed since the award 
of Antonia ooteit, hi3 Hiac-w, haci been so s^t ot'i in atia cs- 
tiii.e, tiric'. no claim had been ande dv her for the payuicnt of 
such av/o.id, Liaat such widow's a".7ard be and the sfur^c ia there- 
by releaseu to saia estate. 'Ltie i. aster found tha;, the : robate 
Court had no jurisdacticn tc release and satlafy the az-ard, 
but also fcuna that her ciairc to auch award vvae i:;arred by 
laches. The fe.aster found that there was a balance due from 
thf v/iuoT!7, i'^ntcnia octek, on the accounting of ,,2675,42. 
The report was approved oepteniber 29, 1913, and tne decree 
approving Uhf report pemits deductions by Antonia ;^otek of 
her own distriuutive snares of both the proceeds of the real 
estate and of vne balance for rents, and lound itiax, uhe owes 
net «'2«SB9.d<^, anu orders that one pay that sma to the l aster 
in Chancery iur aistnbution by aim to the parties entitled 
titiCreto, au airecx-ea by the Court. ;roa ti.iB decree an ap- 
peal was perlecteu ..ctobc-r 51, 1915. 

The ; nater sold the pre.iaes and hi a report of 
such aalc was approved. loveraber 24, 1913, ar: order was en- 
entered thill, the ! Hoter aiutribute the proceeds of uhe aale 
among th'-- parties entiLlea thereto, m nccordancc wiih uheir 
rithta as aeclared in and by the aecree of lay d'/ » i■JL^, From 
this decree /oitonxa ootek and her daughters, uoaephine Jund 
Jennie, appealed, but one record was filed in tiiis Court, and 



ss'^iitiM' .. '^xU bkf- iJl aabau l»if«5"» v,it« Tficf ni* fee s^^tip ^ 

'!to .tiro'i^A;-?*. T ^*£i- loi rj'-ni vj^d 9if>Uia n-»9d hjut .iiLoio o;; ^ :a) 

.Ss^.dVdii .: lo S!«>-»' ■"'woooJS :>r..jr HO ,3j»;foli »i«oi^iiA ,\!/ooiir i^^i. 

-roO aid,* Hi iiti>Xi.t ax?r; 



none of tne errors aasigued ifelate to or question the order of 
distribution. 

.'he appeal in tnis Court will be treated as en 
appeal fro.o the decree of oeptexnber <.9, IviS, and that decree 
is, in our opinion, proper and will be affiriied. 

AixfAL KRUK ORIJKK OP KOVELBfR 24, 1913, 

i>ISSIobi!iD. 

DECRKE EliTKilED Slii TE BER 29, 1913, 

AFFIRi'iED. 



,a.R.r ,*i^ tf^Ul ..ii.V r-: "iJ >a(i!-'.l; ..'.;;{;: ..rA,V-{iA 



'\. 







i)«fena«nt in ifrror, ) / 

)/ laii^OB tit MW^IC 



va. 5 

V 



il&intii<i^ An Error, /i 



3f fiiUCA&o, 



1 9 ■ * 



il4 



MU JU^XCJfe Si«;iUiiiSL^ MI.lV^Mi5 Ifiil:. Oi iiSlOfe 0? ttih i/wUuT» 

Plaintiff torougiit &uit in th« ^unicipsl Cour% to 

r»oover rent for Uit montic.s of i.ovG»«iD*r, 1911 « to if'^hvaaryt 

1912, ij3cluaiV8, at tae j-atfa ol* 457 i-.>cr Biintiu, fi,>r Cfcrteia 

pr««£iaflii in Caicag,©. Tjie ijrirl coiirt entered. 4utife,«iJ<t«t e,gain«t 

dtfenvittnt lor ..4ii. Tiae X-^ct© ocr. L&iaeU ii; UiC ofcateafetil of 

^^ctfl aife^nett oy the trial Juiig* are a« fciiOii.*i«j 

''About the *.;nni of ' ^y* Itfli* tiu aef fcj.uziiit !,t>uia 
iAx\%Zt siio '^mM tjticn iff 'pcsif»es5oio?3i of & certain ui-yre b©» 
ic»ne.;intc to piKintiff, <.'.it»i*ed istto ik parol le:»ae v/itii 
plaintiff of ttfiiti pr«r4atfa for e, p>erio«i «xtftnfiiR^ froaa 
that .j..atfe up to April v». , ly.i4, at a r«ritaX of .:.kJ? &j;r 
wontii, : © rfcsiHin'W'd in poisaeBSiioii ant4 ptxia tii« rent at 
th« agreed rj^tt up to fend inclauing Au^wst, llrfll, 

''l>uj'inf^ ta« .-ijiaiitjo of Auguat, 191i, dfi^f t'i»ii?in!; »si* 
vised piamtlff tiia^, iie hH& arrai'-ged ty tifcll th* buteineaa 
coKuucted i>>' iiiia ij* Uns aturw, 1658 ./cav Taylor *>*«.r5-e!»» to 
i.ouift .^ob«tl atid iiiaaure <':Ub.>^&Ut asu »»JK«d }.:i6.ii:tji.ff if lie 
woula ft:,ive U^ssflj <+ lea^o. ilaintxff -jtattd t.*i«it irj« ./ould 
tio tuia, b«t woiiiu require sue;, pnrtlftw to dttpuait tixe 
«u«i of .t9v,wu «itu i4i,Ut «y aeckirity Toi* Vne runt, i^nd 
uituXa require ihvr£. lio y-e^y -„45«cc par morjt-ri rent. 

"". h- reaf ter, yn .\ai;~,08t l<i, ifell» defcntiant liold 
out his buiiinc'^d to .>ob&l anu Hub;u«n« including oortain pe^r* 
eonal propcrt;.' coriUnne>i iat Irxt'. storp, and turneti over .poea« 
ession tu tiiOEi. ^©fffnaatit tocK c chattel siort; t*4;;t' on the 
ciiactela aolti, friffi x::>obei <;. i'Ubmiin, tv aecure the ufiXnace 
of the puroiiABV 'pric:«, 

•The »«m« dRy» plaintiff ent^rr '' i +-<■» « *?ritt«n 
l«aa« witii obpj ' »<ubi.:^Mj, yiifrnirj ko dewiised the prs;io<?» 
in question to tftetii for « pfcriod of two ycaro be^h^'inning ^jei?* 
tcmtoer I, 1911, ;>t a r«raaJ of ;4ii,0C p» r aaontij. .^obel :. 
Mub^aAji paid plaintiff ^^i/.f.t; whicjr*, MccorcJinjg to iii« provi- 
aions of Uie l^'<se, v^o» to bo n«?ld by i^laintiff aa oeounty 
for tiiC faitiifol pfrf or;'f!.nce of lur- l*:»6e, - «.! 1 •fitii tue 
knotfledj • tijnsj ccnii«nt of def^rtoont. 












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*'£>ol»6l i. ;.;ui>:3aii roMftined in poa»«»»Aon until ; cto- 
1»er 21 » 191 J, paying r^snl for the .nontr.iS of ..wple-ober, 1^11, 
and C3tober» In acGordttno* with tae tar«»s ol txie ifcaae, /ii^y 
then r6<?vfed out titid u»* jre/.>.«, ae» rfls;.ai«td v«oj»nt fror. tae t trst 
of ■■■ovenber, 1911, to tjie trnd cf /«>br»A«ry, li^i-i, iifuntiff 
ifjicui-ied 6Xfeaii»« t« the a.fAC»uitt of 4^'-'»-*J" r«r'Oiieii,ng a.na re- 
pftirln^;, .^ lUiiiUiiT tv;ati i'ira tiifki hQtu ti.% u»«« tline ;;:alt25 
in'OifO-.ie^ft ;.,.abel ^': jsuiwimn to Jiisi .mnd. at tiie tLr*s:* ii« r^'Ve Uie 
lease to Ljobti i. '•■:u*j£ja,n, ti^- t^ Id «l!.ef«na©nt Hint h^ woul<i 
look to ills for »ny leaa he nii^ht agia4.aiR anci that d^fofi aist 
s|,:r^cd to thla, T,"ef«rtan.rit tieriied thia «n<3. ttBtifi^jo tiu^t r,o 
auoti conv«»rs«itit!n tooJc fii/oe," 

it is clp»r that th«« above frict« opf-''r»ted a,© « 

aurireni^er of 4ef enaant' a vcrbati loa»»» atici plaintiff c^juld 

xtot iift€iT«&rda assi^ri tj«at it waa titilJ. in furee. .^.ia Ifi 

tljfe lioldin^, i« tue lollojsing cssea wner« »i«ii&.r aircuas* 

l>tpbi« V. .IJilMi <5«i sil. 4;&2, miii Al aft -i-zu j.^i?y v. .>>c<4fi' » 1S4 
111. '^y&, 

^efeTiua.fit ia nat liaul© Ovrcftua© of Uu? vtrbal ©ta*©- 
(Ttent all«gged to ^«iv« «>««n ma.d« l»y xil^ to pii£a.ntifr trmt u«» 
ti-jift iief exi»ia?.t# «aula ^p ^iOi?u for •- n^ iassa ht; ..i^ut »uatain« 
i:y9u li it be ooBc^oed u^m huqh a ver»al projaA»« ^-ass sita«i«» 
it clearly i& -void untl^r u^c\,i.on 1 of tiaaptsr i>^, Illinois 
Statutf^fl, tftfe wat in relation to fraadis and p'ero'-»*"i.e'»» V'U'.'r* 
it. itJ provi4«tS ti^at, no action ;Sh®,ii 'btt broU(';Ut to ci;i«#.r^« a 
d«f«nc;ftnt upon a pro;i;4a« to »x>Bwer fi»r th« deftiult or ;/ile«» 
0»rrlaf,e of nf.oCii«r ]«.'r«cn uiileas sauoii proaiae &i»alj| be in 
isrltiflK «i|i7ied by the? j/Rrty tu b« onarged ti^erewith. ?e 
think ii- ia ta4> clear f.;.r furtn«r diacuasion tiiat unticr ttic 
facta of tftia oao'" ti>«r« can be no reocvery n^»lfj»t the ae- 
fendont, 

Th« jttdgsvent ia therefor© r^vfraed *ichottt rerioind- 
ing Une cauos« 



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207 - 2(.134 



CITY OF CiilCAGO, J 

j-'laiiitiff ill error, j 

) /hRWAX TC MUK'XCIIAJ. comix 

ijef endant in ; rror, / j 

/ 






y 192I,A. 419 

MR. JUSTICE MCSURELY BEI.IVEitED THE OtlKXOK Oi? THE COUBT. 

Defcridar-t, the keeper of a saloon iii the city 
of Ciiicago, *a3 clmr^-ea -axU. xcotpirig aie i..lac« open after 
one o'clool-c A. H, in violation of & city ordinance. AfUr 
hearing the tsstimony the triaJ court found the defendant 
not guilty. 

From the eviaenee the court sigLt reasonably 
have coiicluuea ^i^i H was aot i;i»arAy proven t/iat the 
place wae kept open after one o'clock, and we canrot aay 
that auch a conclusion is manifsetiy af?ainat the -veigut of 
the evidence. 

It should be noted that no city ordinance has 
been preservea for cm consideration, «e carmot taJce judi- 
cial notice of city ordinances. 

The judgment is affirmed. 

AFFllli.iC. 



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346 - ?jjzei 



Appellee, ) 

va, j 

\ i f COOK CVUKVU 

\ / i C-' .-- 

\ y 
5s:n, JUatlGK liiciUj;.:a.'s"''liKi.lVi:;ii):.u !?kh c?>i.Ki<^K i;f thh com??, 

Thlo la ftfi apptal fro;u s. juUf,fc:©nt of ;5S,0v:0 ob* 
talned by plaintiff fcr pcr«onoI i»JurJ.e«. A8 w.; Uhvc r«5«.ch«d 
the* conclu»lon tnat Vucrc sheuld be aii)Otif«sr trial, .ve oy-all «*► 
vert to tiie f-'Cta vinly as nftoessftry ti.i iiKUoale tiiC priaiairy 
resiSon for Utia &onclualon« 

^ IXtiintiff, a oarre.ii.er, -»?£*« e-iaploycd by aefen'-'afrit 

In the '»or'K of conatructlng te'c-pornry f T&r&fi -vork f«/r tii? oetfisat 
U2ied in %u(r oonatruction antt erection of a buiBUina callrd tia« 
Jbte6l<»-»edeleft building, at thtj ncrtri Mia of the I»earborri 3tr«et 
bric^ge in Cjiiicai?o, The conatruetlon prooecdftd in tLiu /c^winer: 
Upright tsteel colunria »>«re c'^rewtfecl and Uie»e ^i»ould be connected 
by ute«l crosa-bejarasi; both ooliAr.jne ancJ b»-»ni&» ^oulo. be c^overtd 
with cfi^iftnt, «iul to do this wood«n boxes vyere constructed 
around th» cclw.na and bea-.^a, and Int© tiitiBC boxea tbe "vet 
c«cent poured, and .-•/ tcr it had hferdf* ed tne tO'...pornry wood«n 
box«s or coveririgB /ere re!i;XJV<?d., hr boxe^ fffire 3ici.ply noldn 
into whlcn tii«r p]«,eti« oe'-en* wo.s |'fiur«d, iiuxt the bi>X(it» around 
th« beiba» Kignt nat «Ae r/jien ttie ceffi^nt mi0 poureJ iJito tixex, 
temporary wood«n uprit/»ta, cal i otl enores, '-jcre vloceid under thew, 
Tiieae anoras were plank a, us; ally pooat i; by 10 iiiciioa ttnd about 
7|- feet loni^» Acroae the top w^ulu be nnilt-M a crooa-piece, 
givinf: the eiiore 8orici?f^..o.t a T aiiWi^ft, sj«d -Thftn tli^ ^aere ««» 
placed In position it v?oul a be faeipncd ty drtvinj; tenpenny 






■.■■,:{.■'■ V • : ^ "■•■';- '-:• r-»;t.; 



nails through tbese crces-ii^iecca ur into the botto;a of the 
box. urdincjt'ily wher* txi. s nailed tUe lo-wer ena of thfe a^^ore 
would atitfid about tv*o or three inches clear oi' the floor, nnd 
srec^^te wculu be arlven iMc tjiis apace oc- as to raake tbe 
•horea firni and to aecure the irnocr levela, Theise chores 
w^re i»et ai::t or oeven fo©t ar^yt* about tiirre under one 

ilwlntlff nllefrea tlmt v/iule engaged in wed^ring 
the ahorea -vikiQti h^<i aXready been j^laced in pcaition under 
the ijoxea by tbe '4©f©ndar-t, p ahorc neaxby, so pi need in posi- 
tion by defendant but taraui^n ncglir^ence tiot nailed to the eox 
overhead, fell and atrucH plaintiff, itjflictifjtj injuries. 

upon tuc trial no -nitaeaa teatificii timt- titc siiore 
wfcich fell »ad struck i*laiirviff ia« onv wiiic/i bad been before 
tbat plPced in position under a Oox, The suoat taa^t c!9.n be aaid 
is tr.at after plaintiff was atrucic a miore was found lying on 
tbc rioor oy hiKi wbleh had no nnil holes in tne up er crusa- 
plc:ee. r either plaintiff nor -ia witnesses unaertake to a&y 
«here tr.is tjuore mi& att^r.iJing Jjust before it f eH , it does not 
appear that after the accident any siiore saa mi&sing fros tnose 
standing in pos^ition wnder tae batuA wb?.re plaintiff worked, or 
tram any other place nearby, ihere was teatiiony tending to 
show that plaintiff hin.«rlf b<fore rlacing shores in poaition 
frecjucntly leaned ther. ajrainat the upright colu&na, and tiiat he 
had been warned of the danger of tneir falling from that posi- 
tion, cne witneaj testifying: for tne defendant aaid that the 
planj( wiiich atruck pl&intiff ''m^^ upri^; ta lewfiinH ajiainst 
anoUier uprifrht," 

Theae oonaidcrationa, ijifc*. other details and cir- 
euttstaneea in RVidence unnece»j,ary nuw t narrate, irajel uo 
to the o'liiiion thst j-istice wilj be bi'tter oervtjd by requiring 



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R now trial, at v^n^ich it Key be poaaible to ^ho'n «fiUi reaaonal>l« 
c*?rt«inty fros; v/herce Che saorc or upri^ciit in (^ue^tion fell, . Idin* 
tiff is bound to prove Uu; na^l x t«tice alle^^eiS in his declara- 
tion, and t.he eiifivl*- ff*ct that plointiff was atruck by the 
falling shore is not sufficient, 

Vor tiit. guidance of court ana cauntel uvon the 
next irinl </e note briefly o?;f or t^o points made in arguiuent 
by the tiefendaat, -ic fsre of tixr opinion Uuit it ^nm not error 
for the court to t:ive ;*.t the renu'rat, of plaintiff in.itructioa 
Jio. 2, 7€ dw not unaeriatind the rvilc ti>.'i.t th,«? easier must 
exercise reaoonafelf? car^ to farukuh a rteascnebly asfe place 
fur hie »erY&r)t to aorx, to »«; inai illegible «hen uunuitions 
are ciiantving frosa time tr ti3<? during, the vft-rc of constructing 
a building, te belieTc there is ao»se c«<nfusicn i?. the rej ort«d 
decisions on thie point, arising; froi^. art inaccurate etaiec^ect 
of the rule. It is not tiit? RUfeolute <iut' yf the toejster to 
furnish a reaeonably :;'»fe place to sK<rk, but it is his.: duty 
to uee r eRaonab lf ^»re to furniax^ a reasonably safe plv-ce to 
work, %'e aee no reason «;iy &ny surrounding eanditiona and 
clrcusistRncee should relieve hi;fi of the obligutiori to exer- 
cise reaeoaQbXe c*ire in thi..- rey) ect. ^ee ; ; iii\ a^l 1 -Ll c ock 
gQUBary Co, V. C}tiTj ^, dlA ill, 3&^3. 

It w&is not prejudicial error fitr th«» trial caurt 
to nodify defend«r.t*8 tendered iuatructi >rs ort the afisun^ptioa 
of rias, by etrikine o^^ ^-ht word* "anii the law presu.'acc i i»i«* 
tiff charged for sac- riake," Vhese worda sserely rei^eat es* 

senti&lly what «aa ulready cont&int«d i« tiie inatruction, nara^iy, 
that plaintiff "contracted with reference to* such rieks. 

After the verdict plwiotiff obtained leave to 
file an adiitional count, :o this dafenviant yielded tae 



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tetlncd* tnd* we t"Cii»lt» e^rrectly, Tins etdciitional count e^&t 
up only th« sn®© oawce of action ^0 tJac eri*iin«l iiecl&r«iion. 
Be til couDsiel l>«for© us Rj-giWf p& it th« additional cyunt vr^r© 
ba9»di upon » a^jfli^-ent ot&ef, but wc ^o net tftlrik iux& is 
^reirented *>y ariyti^ing ooTjtainea in this count. It aiglit al«0 
b« wiid tJist there is no eviaesct ii-^ tee rcoord «¥«« remotely 
t«ndlnF to SG3W thp.t the projtijisfete cnusc of tfee ac<;ld«nt «as 
mxiy ord«r of tfcc' ^«f«ndiint, 

^or th« reason ?it.w>ve indicatj^d tit® ^udfiaeet i$ 
r^irersea ismn the eaueir reB;aitd#u for anoU.^r trial. 



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4S1 • a. 753 






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) Air:.Ah^UM uyi- -.RluB COUHT. 



..-..K. C<:'U««TY, 




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_,:.. 427 



&i^.. JU^tKCIi «Sei;iuit,?a-y .OKSJ^^feliKI) fhB OS^UaOK GF tiiK ctyirf* 



^te pJaysiclwiy, bccs?U'*e of »r> otseratitsn aaiii to ni?.ve been p^r* 
fonsed by the;, on hf.t bo(iy without isKr fion.a;©ct, 1H> ««gl ij eioc© 
^ i!5 claimed, bui tii^; cliargct i^j that, aef©niittnt« eotseiitted a trea- 
on her rterson, At thf> cletje of the evidence, upon action 



/ tti© trial court dlrocttd th« jurv to returji s* verdict finding 

Y/as 

' the defcnaaiita not ^^uilty, »«d ju;if:3Ji<*};t of nil fcti ;. ia ^t ♦>nts»*ed, 

K 

iiuford, re^coved an ovariitn tux^or l'r«& the botSy of pl.-vintif f, 
«nd that the operation ?;as j^eVfonued ■witn «', tii^:;. degr** of 
6k°ill« iijjintirf liof^s not ftj,lr,fe;e Ui&t fciae treetpaas a<;;ni»isteU 
iij p«rfoit^jing an opffirntion or Ak retsoviiig the ovarian tu-:.or. 
A8 plaintiff* a cottn;j>el m'» v in tr.tur brief, *'th^ tU»t til" ^i^® 
coujnt iii. j';ot U;ai. «T^,n ova-riau tuaor wa» yeiiOved, but ;.x,4*t it 
wa;i '.viifu2J.v reutjved by porfor^iiniv utt o«ti.r«!ly cliff ercnt yj.era- 
tion frox tac ont: wutlorized by piaintiff," tii tuiis reapect 
tile prcttcnt caoe differ* ra<U<ialIy froij. the boaiy of o2 aiai in 
i-TRtt V, Lavla, 2'i4 li» S'K;, vrherc a Judtaiftnt was »usjtr»ined 
ac;uin».!t n pUyoician wjio r«mov«?d the ut^vrua cf u.t: tAaintiff 
witi.out her oon:a«nt. In ti.p inutant csis*«# by », ciigitiil exati* 
nation tiie tu:.'ior waa locnted in v-ue toud.y of i,>l.&intiff a;« roxi- 
isately b«3tw«?e>; the- rectuai und the ira«inft, ajuS it \ma r«>..oved 
tl.rc-ugxt ftt< ircisiori sj^t^de in tii« afein i».:euiax.t;Xy bi2t«««n the 



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-.'.;! 4,.;- -u ,'1, .j.ixaco UCiii. .ii^lQi*^ iw 

v., .V.i:»', ^L.r .li «!p. ,;.. jtCXfl iy.li i.lR*v : 



external openinga of tii© genitala nml the bcwela, riiis is 
what plaintiff call» the "low^y or r«cial operstion**; f-nd 
licr clui in tJuAt «7Kilc is^it eo7i»enttid to fta Qi^^mtion by 
tsakin^' an incision througi. the ^^Jlliii ^f thf a.'b&ot&on nl-c -iid 
not «ar«f!r»t to tnie loo-er or rectal oponstlos, 

src arc of th.e opinion tbtst indoffir a« the dif- 
fer? dsjit , T, fcuford, i» dujicex-ned, tne uncontradicttd cvi* 
Uei.'C« 8/iOW9 tmit pleintiff did ccnetrnt ty tlie cperatlon vfi^ieii 
tnie perfciri-sedi u}H»n tier ^y hijR, in brief, that SYidencc ia 
thl»: ^.ftor i»i« f»Xi»„'ainJ'-tlOK Dr. Bufordl wrote a letter to 
rliilnttff .0 f».si.l7 pfcy«ielAn, a T^r, Frstyier, of ;oal8Vliic, 
Kcentucky» frhcre p5nir»tiff rewided. Tfcin l'tt«r is «9 f;;l» 
Xo«s: 



r" 



"Ur. Colensan '.; , Buford, 
IwC i>t«t« itreei 

';bio««o, ill, Jan. 19, 191j, 
JjTt I'nn C»rlo8 yr»aicr, 

LoaliivilJe, f.entucky. 
uy i>«»r ' octor: 

f exa:Min«<i ra. Could m »j:i©et.u«8t« in the presence of 
Dra, Kcr'sln and requifaoc-urs., "heac geatl. e.'-ec a;.* a {.'uau 
d«ifcl of ti.elr aurgieai *ork together. Xi^itnl exAtuinsnion 
revcr»l©d a noaulGr turgor, tli«? rj^ajor i;ortiori of >>iiiCii waa 
tftt aiste of a hmitau' a egg, iocntoa in ta?* a.nterior aur- 
fnce of t.rje rectur; ao ti:iai tinrouiih blaanu&l ex»i«.iu/:itian S 
ooula very ensily engw^o tbe entire tusior in e.^ ej£a/;.lriing 
fingers. :'Ue tuc-or was hard, Ita tonse ratuf?r nurro >• nod 
s&oT»t)l« mui ther« aec^^ed to l>e » bogiru-.in^i InYastiun of 
tne aurrou.' ding t«rrltc.ry r.t its caae, Dip aMf^oulaei re» 
Tcalcd tlie ebovc Ueacribed tu.'i«or, but it did r;ot aho'A loi^d 
of «fitheJi«il cv.vrrim.j5 mijra(fci<?r«. in one loePility tiiere 
va» a dilation of veins anvl tulnk tiaai b«fyr« isuany 
»?«i>iii» tUe tuaor will &r«aK uciwn in t*Uii ar*;tt. 

Tke affliction imu prt^huhly been beni^cn or rela- 
tively beiiifji until IstPly, i tJr.ink tuer^fore Uiiat walii:- 
nancy iiaa just begun. 

In conai ©ring how thia patirnt ariould be operated 
upon, I hftd tnouf.t of a ciaoeotlon of tlie vagina off of tne 
rectum, then laoaeninii, the rectum all a.rounti as uijfiii up «a 
i oould, dra^fing ib dowi tiireuji/t the f.erineuii. and reat^ctinf: 
tli« tu:tior, fiftr.r mJici. tUe ^,ut i^oulii br cloued, re;, l;ced aiad 
the parlncu© and vnglnal ?rail repaired. if on furtri«r ex- 
amination this route atill o.r?ei<r<'d to be uea.ilc t tiiirdc 
i "^rauld prffftrr to op' ratr by tr.ia jcetirioa; at loaat ; aliouia 
like to try inio rcutr lirwt before ontctine tUe abdo/aen. 






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a aeoiicn of tiir; i^iut i?iXl have to bo rci.oved or the bastt of 
the tuior t?xci»«d auo tine wound closed by triin«frr8« auture. 
Thin would be daterxined at tne operation, fir;it by clinical 
f ir:uin4s,a ar.tl «fecor.(l# prcbrAly, by mt- ing a fiN^^en .vlcroucopic 
ecotion ^r.ior. " woul*? exa- ine imEecJliitely, I s-ss irsclined to 
IhinJ. thst the «,nPl erid of Uvf; t'Ut vrill not liy.T€ to be ois- 
turbed and tnat tiic aesentery of the aigs*oid* ifhic. ia free 
snfi not inriltrntevl, ?;i.ll all ov auff i i ii-r.t freedoa tc y-fJce 
an enu to vnd 9naato<sri08is, 

i have )u,'£i ff. 4;.;oc'-i detil of C5rr*«^ri«'f'*^e In connec- 
tion with Qi\TOinomtSi of the reotwa tm<i friinkly ed-vit that 
the iioa!.;etic rcuults are rot ks itccu .-^s prtiento e«<l thf^ir 
frirn<i« noulil liH*? to hfeve ti»ea. CccaaioriRlly «« rtc »up- 
I'riood wv un tixcrll ent r«!$ult» but. 'ficre often t«e cc.'-:-:ionilac« 
thine bapp<»n«* the $.nft»to£t'.otie eature« pull out or the i«ati« 
cnt aurf'.-ra fro£, fctcnl fi-:tuj!i. il-.i.cr of tiicse f>Tc s-ore 
or leas aaenablfi tc tre«.t3:«nt after tr^e operation wh^n auf- 
r.lcifjfit Uir^e hn^ cTstr.bed to r<?- or« & Isrij^.r portion of the 
induration «n<.i oonaequertt fixity c<f the x^axts reeulling 
fi'ox. reiir.ir* 

5 ours very truly, 
- — . Colexuan C, iiuforti** 

i'T, A-'ra3icr r«co.iV<?d this ;in<5 subsequently sihowed 

onA gp.vfe it to ylf.intiff , Shortly th^^rttRftcr plal-ntiff ?:re- 

•«nt<5.d hc'.raeif ti;- t<5 opnratcd w;r^on hy Dr* Bu.f«r<l at "/t, Jooeph'* 

hospital in ( aictm;o. Sne sai<:)l nothini? -^«atcver to hlor. concerning 

say obj«:ctio& t<i Uit- sjetiiarf of op8rati.^uj outlined ifj thr letter. 

In the oj."eration whlc* tam tooi; place r, J^wford pursued the 

plaij of yperating propoisttd iu his letter. l)o4»r such cxrcuffi* 

atanoes the oaly rett»onable inft-rei/ce ia that th« cpcr»tion as 

p«rfcnffi«d was dons Aith plnintlff « k«owIeii^-t arvi conaent. ipfln 

p.laintiff'3 owr; aiuo^sing, the directed verdict &3 to xsuford was 

correct. 

Thft other deferidant, '."•r, i;«rlin, t.'«s th» hioBt^o 

jphyeician to «iaosa tlftUitifl" hnd eane for aj- cxas-inetion and ad- 

vice aoac titie bcfcrfj thft d«tfi of the operation, he adviaed 

th!!it an exa'iiini.tioji be /r.-ido by T>r. Bufcrd, ?»hc ¥;ro "an «/.rcrt 

©urgcon." ihl;; udvicc aaa fcllowed and the exttaination '.«&da 

by i>*, iiuforik, foliowea by the letter epyoarinc above, j l»ir>- 

tiff ti^tilified tiiat bofure the (Jaie cf tJ^e cjperataun she told 



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-Or, Kerlin that ah* would r-or. caKii«nt tc- sny rtsctal of erntion 
or tmy oper^tior* in the vicinity of U.o rectwia, it fiots not 
»ppear that; thia objection or gst^Lirtsen*- 1)y pji-untiff ^ajp-s 
OOiRnunlcated to I?r« BuforcS; indeed Kerlin, teatlf>'ing is de- 
f»K8«, dcriet^. th,at eny Sv.ch olijrc'tjl&n ot? st-« t^rsei.'t *re,» aaads 
to hiio by plaintiff; bul vr© nr? now c.srislaering crly the t?;^« 
tlcoony on be- ?.lf of Uie pls..ir. tiff , Ti^e ^vl6.<fncc r/aowh tbsf.t 
KerliB p*'r,for«'".ed po op^re.ticn jslRi^, t-o<.-?t no part in t-iie y>:(E?ra«» 
ticn vA»lei; w«f.8 r<'Tfvr;red l>y ^r, Bufc.-r^. we ejant-ot fine* that 
K«riln *ffxs » co«-oper»ter s-lth >:\if;v4 Ji^er^lv frcrwi tto» f9et tiiat 
rcrlin yni& vTi'^s*mt in the- ^yj-fV^-tinf^, roo)K gt the; tla'-e, it f-al- 
love th/;r6f 're that '''©rlio could Kot &« held liobl^ for any 
treepsss on plesntiff, for tne r&vncn taot he performed no 
operation on th«> bcrfy of r;3 eirit iff , t.h«rj'' l«4 nc tviderfc© to 
•upport p verdict ?';-:«sinat hin:.. If, considerin^i: tfcc case 
Eg-win^t 'fnxtoTd sej.-ffTatply, ther« ooul a b« no Vfrdtot ngT^^irj^t 
hi)ii, fend if, 'ifter ounsldfirin^, th<» evidence ag-ainst erlin 
»«parftte~iy, Uxer* o«ul i b<? no Vf^rdlct f^a^inat hit, hO'^?, th«n, 
eoul<1 tiicre be smy vordict af:0.inst both jointly, '.e are not 
ptrauadeJ tty argu»K»nt of oc*,;nse?l tS'iR.:, .^uoii a vereiict oould 
prope'i'ly bf^ rttturn*o, 

Ho*feyer» ??«> pr«?fi:;r to bc^ae our deciaian uron tJie 
undi8;?ut»!(i eTidenof that plnintiff » by i5Ub,-v.lt,ting iicr»elf for 
oper?*tlon ■ftith full umi detailed JcnOiffl®cV^*f» of tue procedure 
'Dr» Duford proposieft to pursue in operRtintJ, g.nve her ocfjsent 
thereto . 

^ It ??:l£ht fee said ta5>t fruQ a oo«»id.«rttticn of 

th«» cniir© r«^cor<l, inoludinf tiie evtdfinc** both on bc,.-',iilf of 
tJne plf^intiff pnc?. of the def«n,lnr:to, in our opinion no judg- 
tufnt ©i^.'iiiiflt Ljtic dff<»i tiants cowlti bo euaU'lned, but s« we 
haYfj tifretofore indicated, upon tuia &j'p«&l we fc&ve considered 



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only the tfiderme far the plaintiff, 

?hf? court waa not in wrror ir. in'struCtinn the 
jury eft hr :ii.-j, auc tn** J\id^;:"i'«?it Is nffirasti^ 



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499 - 20832 



JOjiV W Ci^dl'Y, Ad:?iini8trator of the 
K8lat« of BernArd ^, Carroll, deeeatmd.i) 

Appellee, i) 

/ 5 cuurT, tiwim comrrv. 

«ABAiiH HAiLHo/a)\Ci/iviAKy and CillCAGt;/ ^ 

Su »Ji^T;aiK XNiDiASik aAII.f'^^Ai) (Jc^lAfiY/ ) 

Appf»ilants<,?' j 

/ 



Ilaintlff r**covfred judgment of J|3,0C0 Bgainst clef 
fcndartts for the death of .;<?rrit>.rcl J, Carroll, tiii G«ploytift of 
the -■ab^sh Road, who v/ae atruc;" by a. abash eriijine rutfiina 
under a contract of licence on the treci!c& of the iiicago 4. 
'Western indiana hon.^ near ii^tu atreet in Ohicngo, {.t '^aj tJue 
cu»ton3 for the Sfab^sh V.otid to run a train fur it^ cir.ployees, 
takinfc thesB In tn^ morninitr to tiicir V'»ricuB plJsces of v/ork 
along th(» line, and returning hymcmrd with liie:;. in lixe even* 
ing, tUfc railroad roon call tliia train thfi ^tiurd.y-gurdy," 

Carroll *»a s awiic/vttan for the .vs^b^on, et&tioned 
at the yards at i tinders, wiilo' is about &r. hour's riae from 
26tJh street, Viie ''xiurdy-gurdy" would atop at iiCtJa, atre«l for 
Carroll to bonril th€ train, ano on the return trap would etop 
Et this joint tc p<5rj5)it niw to Pligiit, Tnerc were aix railroad 
tracks at tiiis point ruruiint; nort<:erly ixna ututherly, nu/«bered 
conaecuti-^ely froia eo«t to v?est, the ;.^ouz eaali rly track being 
'o, 1 r'nii. the »7est«*rly Ko, 6. Vhe vrork of clovating th.i^te 
tracke was in progress p.t th<» tirap of the accident. The onat 
retairiinK w«ll, which waa obout tvrrlve or fifteen feet higii, 
iras built, but the weat wall ■was not yet cor^strucocd, Vhe 
"hurdy-gurdy" on the return trip ran north on tr/ck No, 1, 
although one witneeB aeeoted to think it rat. on track No, 3, 






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There waa no pauaengsr ataticn nt the pcint near whnre the 
train stopped at 2Gth otroet, unci eiuplcye^is v<iato.i.ni^ to board 
it would olltab up Ui6 bIo* iii<»5 aide oi uiu; elevation on the 
west aii'.i croa^ over the Intfrr^ediaue tr.-Acka to the "tourrly- 
gurdy," Rnci in tu<? ever inn ..hen alif.htinfc; the eiuployeee, in 
order to reach the street level, /.-ere ohliged to tmlk ?!rf>8teriy 
KOroae the tri^cK* and ueacenl or; the ester] y inolinf of the 
trnck elevation. 

It «as Hfaout aovpn o'yiuck on tiic ©veiiini; of 
January lOtn» tiie tx.'ifi^ of the occiaent in quenitivu, when the 
"iiurcly-Kurdy" stsjp);fea nciar <J6tii street tc allow v arroll. .unu 
axiotiier workxaan, -eynolrta, to uligint, it Wfis a dark nitiut, 
described e.& 'ii i>aa, cjIcI night, v/iti. anow on th© ^^round,* 
With Keynold* leading, thfey «alired in «, westerly direction 
sicroaa the tracks. As the work of eio-v.-Atioi-i was in pro^^resa 
th« vmy '.jss rougi. and uneven, covered vnth looae ti*^8, rail a, 
stone and other tiateri.-xla scattered 'bet./ton the tracxa, '■ ach 
of the men had a Iifritern rnd, w.a •• eynolds aa/a, "we picked our 
way boross the tracks,* An engine with nc cjire was coming f rcia 
the »}outi. on trciok Mo, .>, rtuining at » apeed which somo witneo«e» 
estimated at cip/it or nine auica an hour, j-nd anoti^er «?t tneso 
at tv-^enty miiest an hour. I'ieynoXdsi. aaya thaL before he reached 
toia trnck he loolced north iw'i aoutn hut unff ne headiifcjht of 
any engine; thiit the firei he kn«=w of the aprroaoiiint; enrine 
was vihen he waa in the ;,.ii€lc of the track upon which it .vas 
runninfc, when he hfipvencd to r^iae niij hend and suw it only 
three or four feet from hlS'; tuat he- "hoi i<. red" to Carrol] mid 
just had ti.-r.e to 3t<5p off the tr&c.-. Vfi^Bii tiifr nif^ine Tont oy, 
Carroll -.vas otruc;- iu.d k:nac>:ed to one aide. Vi!.e emgine ran on 

some little dietnnce before it was otoprod; U.e tcstiaiony is 



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f.-.'ri«t.iii iks 1,'j T^ae ifXftf't distance it Ti%n, Oarroii <jieti within 
tt Tew iiiinuteii ^.icirt'af r-ifir, iLeyr.Vl'is t'fst'i ied i-rmi, he jieara 
no waialiifi olowi or bell runr;, miilH tne t-^Ktira-^riy oi" c/ic 
crevr on tiia gnj;:ine ij tUst 'both wnlBtle ftrifi bell .f«re sourjded, 
CRXroll waa a man farty-Gigbt years cf ri^;e, Qx5d ^lis cjndilion 
of ii^-Jalth rind atrength, was ,^oori npd niB sight Hud lie^i'ing 
corsKBl, .Sfey.'jctdp srvb h« Imd no conversation ■^Ith Ca-rrcll 
©ftfr thty ^ot off t^i© ''hurdy-gurdy" and ttx&.t He dia not 
h(sj«r the ent^inr ©.pproaci ing until it waa cioae tu ;/i{.., ^ 

;?e cannot undertaicc to det«^r.f^ine the I'acl at* to 
the preeenoc or nbacncf: of vmrrini" ac'unda. Ta€> jury could 
r«»8onably conclude %n:M it vma r.or© TOfc-lievadle tuat both ^'^ 

Kaynolds nnd Curroli atepted in tnf> path oT ^iie ap;!roaching 
engine kin -ifxrn&d. by fxny wdsi^lc or bell, thmi tiiai they walked 
ihto great ds-nger umiecdin^ the warninga ynuicix m-c olai^s^ed to 
httve bfrjon i/iven, I'he e.-if^inoer stu7 trie iant^rna of uu-: two aen 
{'» iiiC-y approRoxiGC txie traek on wijioh he waa rufu.irjfe; rie kmcw 
the lanterns were o^rried by Eneri arm, froi- thfc aiteotlon they 
were going, thai it was evidently thf>tr interaicrj to (,ross 
hla track, it esuat also have been at)vf*reijt to hir. that there 
»/ould be. wn nccidcnt if bin erif^iine and the teen coj-tinued on 
theij ressectivc vmya. The .j^^ry evidently bfrlievetS i tynolda' 

- — atcry as t: th« absence of warringa, ftnu we fail to find any 
suffi ierAt repaon for diubrli'Ving the conclaeion of tne jury 
MB to the ncfl i pence of the def eri(?ants, ;*^^either aaall we dia- 
turn the verdict on tiic queetlon of contributory nej^iigence* 
The situation reqtiirrd Carroll to exerciae unuy^jal care to 
av'jid at nsblin^ ov«^r the uneven nnd uncertain roadway on wAich 
it wr»,£i neceauary for hiB; to %»aIJc, «s cfriinot uay j;a a ir.n,cter 
of law thnt he «ms guilty of nr^glxt ence bftCHUt;e m ttit. neceasiity 

Q of watching for dongera both fron ti»e nortn sand ironi the aoutii 



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over eacf; of tne sofcral tr^c^s, ^nrt jit x.l:;£ saxe tixc of tjiv- 
ing Qlo&e attention to aj.& footatf.,* la or:.£X to avcid in- 
jury f-PoBu failing, i'ift l£,ilsd fcc ob£.ervt' tiit &/ iroycuing 
clanger on one of tha tracks, 

Ihe tetitiaiony aa tt tne h&bita of Cajrcli for 
care and c&atiun was aci;;.is&itl€., r.c i.'itr.eu8 ae*.' -iiri;!! .vh^n 
Ivfe ?/R8 dtruck. i,«^>n<^.iUB 6a,ys ue.iroli */SiB I"ciiy>rvir:f: fcij.v , bat 
R(?ititer ne rior the sjr.K^ineer t.e.y tue}.' ssw t^:..© 6.ct:ident itjie-lf. 
In ttiis r^flptct the fyct» are Hive tJiOia« conai-df. red ii: ;„-ii. i c a^ro 
#5: Alton By. ^. V. .JiiiiOli* '^^•^^ ^^^^ ^ » ^'*i«i'^ i'^ w^s hold unuer 
Buon circvu5;.3tarice» that i«i *as nut error ti; ad-,tit uucii tr.uti- 
iRony, rip do liot af;:i'€(« Y/itu courictsl for defe.nda.nta in ili(^ con- 
tention thf't the tcsitiuouy aa to tiie habits of care arjd cau- 
tion shouiu iis5v« toe«n «trickt;n out becim£»u thtre 'sriia nc-i also 
tcatiruoijy aa to Aabit.s of ycSiriety. Ti'i« cscs citea ao x-iCt so 
Ucilu, eit-iser directly or iiif rBTitiRliy, it ^rouid aceaj ren^oca- 
Bbl© to T-rf^ *'-'<''''* that a person .tio i« hfrlitu-Mlly carnful and 
caiutioua e-oulj liot be habi&ui^-'il.y iu toxics ted, 

A he Jury returned a, verdict for <^5»^v. 0» ^bich tlac 
trial court for i-e^aon^i wiuca nre nut ai'.,iircnt requxxed So be 
r&duced by remittitur to ,,o,v- ... , It a a argued U^a. the verdict 
watt fur iiviiti. an exoetiiiixve 2i>!iOunt ji^s to indicate p&38ion autS 
I>r«juaice on tne fart of tii«g jury. Li.io is a U'^atii Of^ae, liJid 
the widow tcatified that her only Bouroe af iricoae 5?na 'w.iat 
her huabttnd. uiade. Ve do r.ot t/iinic the verdict vfia exceaaive. 

Aa to tue xefa;3al of dstf tna-av.ts' tendered Instruc- 
tiona B, C and D, toaor.ing the degree of care j:"inf, tt tae de- 
oeaeed, defendants cannot ooi?>piGin, iiaintiff's f^iven Anr.truc- 
tlon ho» 1 covered eoiaentisliy the smme |;viut, instructing 
tiiftt defetidasita /.-ere required to exerolee ordir.ary care tovarda 






::.;;::> J 



l.'i...... 



.i< '?>\4i,*lfc 






'•. . . '• • t • f '•■ .'V i - ' ■ .'■■ t" . I'li iN, U'T . T «> ;^ .ill 

■ <^ <;. ■ V . .r ■;•)?■; j .ly- - vi:' .;': ..»-• ;.,ri"'" . '■ ■..■'' J ,.<,iCJ ''^-X^ 

o-< ".'■.•V .■^■^,. u>iA ^ •- ■ .; .: ■/».;,.. ■■i-^a j.;;":J J";., i"* , iitoJ vobi.!' "^'rij 

•■'■ ■-::-.; ■„ ,V.,i.i.;C s*-^..-' Jo r^:n ;--^ I' yft-J "i/A... >h-'.) ,CL ./t;^i (J ,?,f 8fto.l^ 



Othflf .njstct,«,r» ur.^ied upun nfi arc not of uuff Icicnt 
inportumc^ to r-^Q^lin? « reveriial. 

The Judgaent i& affiriDied, 



vj J' • r •=!.■},.; •• •1 v.'n ii'X 



\ I ^ .i^j-f <:■:', "■ .-, f\^- f>'.f 



/ 



40 - it7«j6 



Tub AX, GKS-KDJ- A. CO,, 

I>etttndar.t iri i'rror, 




A- / -* 

Xlaintiff in i rroi-. ) 



\ / 






1S21.A. 433 



0» wotioK ©1 tiis defendant, ic error 1?; the abov« 
e:;titlea c»u8«, t/ie r.'tenograpjjiia report fiied 'Uy tixe x-ii^i-n^'iff 
in error in the iiuiiicipal Court of i hieo^o on :.o"¥eiiber IX, 
lai-*, siiG r«ade a part of ii*,© trai^acript of the record filed 
In this Court, i.^ etrioiien fro.-i the transcript because not 
signed or filed in tirAC. v.'« f iiid nothing in the record 
Kihich j-,!;jtifioa r.u<5 ordtfT of t.h© .anicipa.1 Court ,A-».&de ai'^ter 
thirty daya had expired froK the entry of the juUt^iiSje-nt, that 
ti.e tiae for signing nr.d vres@ritin|f auoh stenogra; id.c rofort 
5hould fcc €xtc» aed 90 days, and the order of ©xtRnsion entered 
%% of t^optc'iLber 14, 1914. 

■«t do aot tx.ir'ic we can Indulge ir. thfe i re»ui:>ption 
■ugirtsted and relied on by tlie plaintiff li» error. 

As thrro are no orrors aasi^ned wiilcu can b« 
conaider«d In the aiK.-«nce of the atenograihio re^jort now 
Btriciicn frow* tii« trtinacript, t/ic judfci^rit of trie ..urdcipRl 
court ii afflrjapd. 



■"^av,-.::, ^ o^ 






11 - iaaQ9, 



Bofwndant In Krror, ) / i-^r'HOfl TO 




J. LIKME, \ / , 

Pl.AlntlfJC» fill Er/oy», 

/ 
PEtrTBHEIl THE OPI!?IO{l OF 'nil COURT. 

19^' ' ' ^ o ii 

D©fe»l<iftt In urror, the plaintiff b«iic-«, rccovorod 
a ^ud<ijR«nt by oonf«i?^«iion in ths Kiailalpj-l Court ?i gainst 
plaintiffs In error .^.nn E. C!ilit|-pii for 1:515 on ?», ^udiptnent 
not«, Uron p;otlcn of thes asilcerss of «alf* K</t«# tho 5y:i^JS5<5nt 
v?ii9 ?iuba«quontiy orem*d u|> tnd tJi^ey ;v®i'e f-lvcn lojivo to 
file n affidavit oi" defennQ on th© tserit^. Vt\& fult »?«« 
dlooont.inu«(i «« to E. Clilanpe ttsfei j>foo#»4i«a to tri&l bcford 
a jury, rJiioh renuited in a »«ir<liet sktkX jifctgwjsnt againot 
f ^l . > i r .t, i l^fir-tTr'-^Npy or for ^3 IS* , ,.. , r- 

T:.« e-^idftnoe offered by plij4«t.if:f a . in:;»ri^ ton«:tod 



to i^how thsit in l?.»rGh, IDll, tht?y nntsr<»d into n«cotlationa 
»ltJi deieijiaat.jLrujSjcxc«r for the pvirclv>^ of t-ic^rt tin Imr roved 
t%ixl estate in Qiiaago, oy^nod by BafeXo Arrigo, for wIjimr 
jlelsjiiwja*— fcfr-*j;ror ?*a8 f*g;entj ttiitt as yltritttlffain' Brrror-- 
«ere un..ble to j^pec.k or unUarfltnmi t4i« Sn^.iifth l;?.nj?;ufts« 
t,ho n«{r,otiationo w«<sre ocnctuctoii *oy ill tl.e r^-i^ti®** in th© 
Itiiiiun IttngiMigftj thiit ItiQ r;ror;erty ^as rej re^Hntiscl by 
d)jLEteRdaai Ua <ww«^ to I50 ar| foet in «idtli aiK^ 100 f<)©% in 
dflij^thj that rolyln^ upon thff rer^'os^ontv'xtlon of ; *i ^ f ft m^r >-nrt 
IftrcTTor that th«5 only i^nauBbranoft upon th«» prof-crty «?ae a 
i8ortgAC« ?"or f 3,000, v.liiinUf f S- Afi «***r af.r«?t»d to i-tijrchao* 
th« property for t^O.noO, raying 8r>00 in canh, 1^,700 f I thin 
five day« f?<ft«r th« i;it.l« to th« fror^rty *•£{« found to bo 



:m'.,. 



■? my-i :' .^^ %i 



4l 






,;ii:? -f'- ■'^••^■•J..^!' '!iifJ--Aii fat*:-- 
." • r^V=''>"6^ ■'■■ ^^'•^^;^•»^ 









d^'^ 






,. »''>>.'; 



■1 ij:i ■ .*i :-ii 






t»xe# for IfJiOi tim% >^i^S^iMsjsint-tn- #;rf<»r %tmn kmw %m^t the ■,. 
pror^erty i*£^9 «iufeji§et to sn. aasifeieiii'sftt of f-%^i»«4« w«.f .ij^i t» 
eert-aln l%til'iing Htm t^mtTk^tl&tm for lli«^ ■t;«?rs.i«fit ©f %fee 
«*fn0r of thfi ?*4;J©4ftini? iotj th*>t th^ c«^atip^€ii ff^r t]^»# sal* 

wa« to fee 0or(^«y0tl ^%*i#et to r-g'tti ^-\l3i. 4i|sr#^i«5»|iSf ^iXv^ing 

iff ■.----f'- /,/ 
8igii ^h^ e.««i&e iml#i®s aristJ until <X'^Bms^^-iM-.Mwmw gisip® ttwsm 

& r.'ip«3r writtfjR l« tib^ Itailsm l^ftgur^gn ceiMdying %h& %tmm 

©:f tfe« contra© ti %hi% a«»4*Ji«a-ii. -ift .^sprs* th»ii pr«|?Bf#d 'vnd 

gave to Mmn, & v^p&t ■'^ti%%^n it. the It.^llass iaspfe^^j wja^li 

to ooiiV&y to br<j*;hcjrs A* -vrsti E» CBiarp© --.nd J. Lin.vl^, %m 

tf--!jrtlca arr^i* t.c. purol^as* for Sir*© fhcHAitvjnu T-^o HurulFiRd 
Dolii^re <|S|r>00) aji-.i |vay &!! t^.it«« for tiifi y<-?ti,r i9iO» The 
:>bove^it;iC)iint l-o b« i?'i4a ®.« fo:ii<QW«j Tottf-tKO riu«i'^«Nj Del** 
Xi^r» {|4,;';00) in caahn unA to a-'?3Ufae * Jfeortg^se of Fi»« 
Thow«»&na r^oiiv^ra (§5,000), r^iih UtCTm% k^% 5i^« ?h«j title 
t.o the r-f'or'^x'ty «*»>*• t- i>^ fre® fros; ;xll iEir-ifjdlR»snt«^» 

S&W iwldsm© furthar tolled %o tiiiow iht'*t the ni»t« 
■?iufld on wao filgttM fey pJU4ja*4^##-'in-«^j'roi' upon %h(ti r^r^es^si- 
tation of :i«*i^«4W*m*Hh«--#rror U»i:*t tt ws.e a reo«ipti that 
upon a» exfiisslaiitiott Of iho vib<%tjr&Gt of %%%!& to the pv&p^ttf 



;' ■■ ' o. . . , , t "it-. 



A tt 



.V ■ ''ii ■■'ft -iXitt . ^ ; .... • •"; r "' ;'-■. 



.>(':-..''; ^■^^: »H fa;.- 



'.vj*,' ". ,.! ^ ;,.i ■ '^ji' 



i'iKT^--... ■; ■■> Ji)* 



\-'\Af^<- 



l3i«ixfii«nsd with w^sld «a««if3«fi% t^i^S r^fstriationa* 

ffc^ affidavit ^f m.m\^^ ^t of ds^f»t*u9« jfilM by 

ground of fra**d ■aixl eii^re|?:?©%0i5%^4ti«;s'n» U^^im th.'S?' %fffes3^f 

befcro th^y had b««Ji a.«o<svt@4 by plLU!ii.if-#'#-'-'i«i-..ferf's&jf, tli© 
It^ttfty .'ssffe^a leati?© tfi^ .^.^©TUl tli@lir s-ffltsm^l* -af is^irit®, 5?hj^fe \l 

««r0 j5i'®<3i'^*®*^ ^3fcis »o d^lfit WiiHS^ii the saFOMfscl th&t &\mh |2l<&% \( 

in*^truct«Kl th« jiuyy tfc-:/.t if they b€!ll«v«al from tfm evideiie* 

treruiat aiKMuUi be foir the '■a.f®ni.ia»ta» 

Asi tij« Jmipwifni iraint i>« r#v«fir«(S4 for oilier trrj^^im 
of Itm i^M tl:i» oauae r^j^KiMfKi for ^motltiesf tri?<;i|, 4t l» ujs- 

uctlon of th« court in r«.fu«lTtg Xeay* to f^%*«t4IXjBL..iBl.©3fjr«ap 
to -■;ti?v«£id tli«lr affldairit oS iserita. It m-*? prfepssirly b« 
ou^i-ig^nted that sucb &■::<! !«>» fojf :«;«*«¥« to &8'-«ndi ih© afficUivit 
of fii«rlt» iihauM be aocoffli|>fiiRi«4 ^ith a *»».'itej^«ist of the 
«a tiers const ittitlng the ptor-o^^d .m^mlimn%» 

Th« pur«r vrrittcn in tfeo Italian Xnrsj^'tg* aria the 









■ (I. . 






v' 






* .- * , 



iu^T.I 



dfsfen>*« of fraud -tM isii'-rjr^r^t^tentfttioa Intorri^.sed by4iLa.i>* 
•4-lrff« in firsebgi, Tl;©a« it(&iaia c.r 6Vld«*jis0« i>ff^t«i^ by..-p-j4v48* 
*4#ffl^4-ff-i&s-i?oy ■^©ye «»rromQU«ly 6x.oltelm!« Tli.e ruling;® of 
tb8 <Svyux"t In ^xclutUng ♦heae It^iaa of «iviri©-m« »s^© snot 

e,jr.*^y« flj« te«E» may li« mi.hi r&wp^^,t%n§, tM ruXia^f^ M %hm 

tJs* «5§kS0ifi#tit e©ni?itliut»«S &n ®tm%imbmfm^ upon %hM prop^^xtf^ 

lmt?u«%#d. tht J'i^y tfe;it if they beli*>v€><l from tfes e^idtost 

tfae fi«j.*«r* in .lu^nttofi 'Mpsn %lw jpoa^lfig t.»»r®of fey '1:kM&ims,M!i''t 
ia-a^jfOffp *f|-t#ft th«f h;^t4 a fyt®^* or frleMis Rf-*,vsxby «Jio Mght 
feiiV© fe#im oailled ut^oa t© r^^d Mm ^&.m& for th?j3Si# thnf vt^wt^ 
ipiiJLty of uusli rtegliirti*©* n^ -^miM ptmlxjutm %h^m tit&gi rifiy 
f«^«>iKy tG$ ffiiuil in miMwtrMing^ AsiM« from %fe«s fm% %tAt 
XhH imtnmti^n hm-'^opntlf %m:ting^ m-'On th^ pr-^vimt® et 
th® jury «K t^ <i>Mitl©«i ot n«?/ll|',#m8, H H^ not h&^&<d u^^iM 
?sfiy «;^id©ii^® ift tfe# i-^hst^jrd ^te'siins «*«* t^>SKUng t© slmw tjiat 



i n^u 



^i:^V 



,;• / * ; •» . 



.V *^n/ 






."^'K* 






J. 






lu'rm STATE rj:alty ccnTAirr. 



■;f;^AJ.*?©l 







mnititfki, coif?? 

OF CStlCi^OO, 




ir?KB r^ATE HS*iei/nr GCSlPi^^, 



./ 






mimn to 

192I.A. 4 30 



Mo* 



liio Kuaiicdpi^A Oo^iTt ff?r |Sp,469*(^ in fav©» of the trites ^%^t& 
iUaity Oo«i-uffly .-'.^iinsst f» E* fi:at«ijf'«, igarriis^li9«j^ for tji© 
u»® of J# <f« farwinii uM to. i.iJ>43 4«irolv«!i <* ^ud/ij^ient for 
!:.h«s llkC' .".Boiaitt- r«socv«3?«d ift aaid court by »«ld ^^ii'rer* af/iltjst 
;v5j.4d inief St^it© Hao-ity Ooi^-:iiiy# 

X« So» i9337 theirs ?!«a?* « tri.^l bf tfo® court s.Dt;l; 

Is hoj?« OI5 rt i^',rit ©f ejR^jfof s^xote^uidd by t*i® Inter B%&te 
t{<ii\l%f C©isi>i.ay» Til© t^-vo o^iiii*©© Xt a^r; fcrc ^n-'-Ns rctofogg cor*- 
aolliiitoti for diapoaitloft In «6i* cot^rt. T^ tk ln g « r"t^" 

Th© controv^ray t^stt lfe« i«<56rtiioii 4n the foilo"=^ii»s 









» t.,-v' 


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« >v... 


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If^r:-- 



■■ 1 ^■•'' ' ,..■.. 'tl.-' i'.*l.' 
. ^ ■;■*-';' •■ ,^v ,u "..■■? ,i\:<ij 










lami* TiKi i-rimiXpul r^Xr^a i^a to rmt tm celling o^i^n^^ toi* 

Stat© !feulty Oti^p;Asy» The* i-.£KKU.-ii# iXt<n>(f>i:itlmi 1® tM -^ 

sntftrijif*, iat;o .* rvallinj-'; C'^jitysict -.vith one R, ,J, Sagei ©f 

•Tii« 0a la S« r, Smith i'.yti 0« V# S^aith s.5r«©ln^. t© fit-dm^Q 
the i^jroposition^ th; t ia <^o iSfay, t^^ '<^lli fiirnl^Jli thjo 

^.. _ .... . __ .. ^ ., .... . .. , .. iy^orpOJTfik** 

n3 §«.«••*« 

«a-id B« F« isiitli m G* V» Sriilh --.Imll. b'^ relisfeurs^d for ^II 
se^njjy timy have Ji^nr ai^«ii for tiya :ib<rm i4a@(f»4 pus-pcj^©* 

•Witftffiisa mm 'ixnfsdB tj^fj^ da^ and. f&u^ i'itnt fib^vB i^i'i%%m% 
6ul&te4 in%<& rm agreaia&fstf ^".tsiia&t ©«sitt4ng prmifinii^m not 




•'p^itHKAS thm pcittf of the fir«st ptjtrt i« i}i^ cvmeT of 

in ?S»bl> Gmuitfg t#xaS)> nea* ti*© -^tAtton of ISnair.;:;!, uosi- 

th« osl4 p5tyfcl8« o>: th<s ocac-i'jd v»ijrt &ro ;l«3.lroiw of «.tv r- 
tisin^t ur»8 J!Mg:..14ng the -set id l«%fvi* for Uir; nai<t p^'irty oi the 
/tir»t, part I 

■Kowf %h^r0feg€t^ tfea 't&id party of Urn f Ir^t jm*"* ^^-jpn©-^ 
to .::r>..-.i -uith %hfi ^n%i% p»-»ti^& of t.he i»»©<«Kl f'ftrt. at* iollcjw***** 

•Fo^syt^i$ Ttm pyi«© Cor wJiteh isy.i«.i Jstml «l*-*»n Iw ^-soM 
'»l;-r^jll l)d -niich t«mt thfl aald fir.?>t party «v'lU ^ftociv© twenty 
i^m) .5ol,Uvy« p«y ivc^re for <^he li-na* ♦ ♦ * ♦ 



.T^ 



liO'^^ '■ 



.X- =. '^fJ 



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-> -^^t."!/' 'i-"r'-fi(! 



tLcir cG3feasin*icas or f-refit .fey th« #yJ® of W'jid li^Mg ^>.li 
•Ststfcs HiJs mid i-^^ftif® c;>r t;h«s ^eemaj part iijpf^® sM 

the 2«£S'ti®« of tht nmmmi pnrt m^f t&-<^^.i^ thi» Qfm.%tmsi% to 
iM Isitisr ttat© Bstaltf 0«;>j:3|:'Am|' ?r.? ^%&&mi TtliiiftiMg «nd th&t 
'sl^^m m aaaigwe^. «t^.id tnt^aS' Si«t© Haalty TOaf^^sJiy ■^;fc*il3i 
'•'5uojdJ::*3 to ral s>f tiiS rl;--M® at tbis f'^iijftlsa of ih© e^ccM 
part issiiar tl-d<^ c*:sntra<si fj^mt mi%l% ^0 feomnft t?y >>ai <s>t Urn 

of tM» fiontiraot* 

traot aisd *?»?*p®tjlail|' ^s p«j?5]i|^^^r.h ni^. tji^rsof, ?<i:iti3Lif at fell© 
opticm of t,h?5 par*;y v>f the first part ©r jltj» i^^nisfjtm^ i\rmxX 

.c.9*ft^laliig unsold* 

•Witi^39 Urn h-\n.%. iimx m^ or ^ihUi e4>rj;#Mi,i©ft Isy C. J# 

uspftiE^ti urn '^'mi':% mi) hMd ,. ,., _ 

In li'.^Slt 3.-iJil> ■':1*® I/itajr U't*\t© H«!*ity Oc^ajs^Ky t^^sj 
laoorporat-sd uavisjr th<3 i*».^m of Ari»©aa^ ?jijrk1 off i&«r§j -ssre^* 
8jisei»d a« f©Il.9fsit l^iP«^:*idft?it, f« g, Walter^?! Seox^t&ify^ 

S'S.^ftWd 4ire«tOjrj5 of the oarfioratioa* 



"* - '<■?•'■'*' 






f ■■ ■' f. "k ', "■• 






fey S# l*»13tt *t <^ js«.®'lifie ^t tim dt^m^mm ^-m^. t:^U)^k^m%<n^^& 
^f Urn i$mt^t^si%Um$ C^« ^» nmith tm^mr^ hi^ r»«?ipmtl©s an 

tmi hBfi% fm fi^mmiMl %.mMsm-%. ilk iM ^m^m^m%i^^?H At ^, 

tlisr* of «*aiii X-^i^Sa* ^ys ^on?#»^tl«a itteiiBtitiaed sis off i©^ 

C3ontpa0%» Jt©!?© ijfoc'ijj^sd ts? 1% %<5 b*i s^de with p«r?»©j^ In 
Illinois, asuah eoatraots 5^f5y«j ther© 0«^i>.t«4 45Bd delivt^roci* 
The cojpporatioa mm n^% i4eej5»«4 fe© 46 business Ift H'Uaol^s, 
Ttt« »t^t0B8nt of «X;^i« fli«s<i by daf«m4aat la t^^yre^i^ 
Wairftinf upos which h« s"«<jc»y0r«Kl « v«5rrH,<3t and ^i^jpstnt &.^ixim% 
th« rlfeia^lff in ®jpror <mjf|'?©r*'<.t-lon for f3,409» ¥?^s tor #3,400, 
_a£__<m.i&fy -,sBd t8§ lor onab istav^neM for ®spen«»ea* 






i . '\' 



t •tt*^■ 



vt'^i- 



..(, ,.,..;. .>». 






■ ■ ■^■- ■■■.' ,</ '-.r '■' ■■ ■■■' ;/t-:w..r.6 



yftal *»»*£! t® brokes-s-^l^t It ?m» mat aut^<ai!fi»«<l ti? lie^rm^tit 
bU'-'^im«» in lihls iit<itc), aune: ovu'-d m^t have prou\*3re4 sjtj«li 

the tnMiji«^aa oi t^iil eatat© bjrfjlNsrsiije o^.y nc^t l?^ orgiwilsusd 
wader sr^r ^xipiting statute of fsli4» j»f^t»^^ ;r*ad ^mlciy tii® 
pro»i«dwrm of ^^airfS-ioii S^ or f^iii Act ir» 3f<3:4fttio» to feroigj^ 

fm: th&- %x:f\imis.^%iiSi^ ^t ■ohM^i, a ^^r^^^m'mtUm ©an im% h^ 

Um tii^l Maial^"* 7M ^m-^Tatixm ^m$. net rJsirt ov^s^r af tiiO. 1 

^ it for it» sifsr'V'ia^.!^ in fjff««tis,is: f'Ji«5h ®f»l#«j» ^I^ffn4»Bt 
in &Tr^t§ WxrtiiQ.^ ai4 i^s-t tmml^ ss^llait p^jjf^aji^ ii^'tHii 

t*tt irjim^ed r^^Ttmf^ to »J5:f»« to ::;i«?»ij^i«6 amid Im'siS^p oorttx^-ota 

s&iid* aM executed lii tliit si3t«i|, ■siimm *mU\ ©orFsa^atioR aB>li>* 

ftmoitia>n3:» 

l?-3>i;tla^tfl' i^ t«y#©r ^m* *te.f«i«da?!vf Ir cisrcw for the ■^^■:^vi<s&n 

c.-Maaftj;.'lat«4 the parfor^tniwi hjr de.fcjwjant in <^jrroif of q^jsw 
vi<M«i iftoidisut to tfe« tr*!i».«.eti©R «f bu»la«a» i.tloh r/3-%iJ"'^*itir 



> ■; ■'■>,,_ 



J'.': / 



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I- •-<■■:.* 



, v.-jX*-.:. 






*• 6 "• 

and la %hQ ^h-mtva* ©f r^^pofif to ^« ©Oint.ira>:ry ht ftJEUjUt t>« held 

bu?<ia?3«« ia ?!hldh |jlaiat^ff' In ^rwQt mm enisti^M sjssi oi" Urn 
©anneir S». ^hleh sueh %a»An-3«wi war. t?.f,n.^f^Qte4* Jl© jsu.^t -Aim 

t&s -rhich it ?pft« ^s^'gBniJSfKj firc^ifeltssJ mifsh ii.ut^.orl^sitles* 
?h:9 contrast facr tli« .*jf;X'v5.c«« fton%«sir^^Xa*?!i«l %e hst f^itf&cm^, 

'a®id tfec^t '^h^r9 tfeis •5}-^T,trjM!t t-j^ts^^eR a iri^i|^\i ami as 
ag®»t p,row« <Ur5@t-lf a«t 9f %n 4ii«gal tr?iKa.^t1,«a is the 
©xecu^tso cf ptiah the a.^^'ftt !it»,s ^«9aB ^m-^^^ttml ami la ??r>ial^ 

rifOOYer fro«i %Ji« agimt or §ic«l8t tl*e digest to r««sver froia 
th© principal* tho cc«ntr«».ot In qu«t<»tlOB mii& in ita ''V.. 

?ltlj roov>&C5t tc- the 1?ii53Sf5®6Si to iK? tran»a0te4 the cojitr^^^t ©f 
f.-ic oofT'Orttttoji -m© iNsyoM tlie i^©?;e)p ©ftnf (srifed upon it by 
oxi^^ting jUiWB ;««a ftftlth.ssr ttt e^rpGr^tion mat u«f«tr»iaar.t Ir 
^irrer Rre eetor.-r«<5j t>y 4i«iB«Riit^i to It, ©r actljig upon It, 
to flJjow tiu>.t stioh omitract- nm il%f!i$,iait latloml llo?-it; BIdg # 
A»ga* v^ HosaeM S..yin^;g n.M.. IBl 111,, »»♦ 8oe «l30 
ligia^A^ miUtln^: CO. vf^ g:i;.;^j'0 Oi'-en Bc^yg of Trade, ^m 

111,, 100, .^isct yj.ti, f|r^v>^^>r;..S&<t,,J,^^;^t^^^,^r:v,F^,, Pft*> 
aso 121,, 374, 

Tfce GORcrlue»i€^ nt '«hioi^ «« hji.'ttf AttiymA c<?e« no*, 
hcwflirer, preeli^de & r«»ciovt*ry i:;'y defervtarrt In error upon a 
gutsr^ti^ i»e , rf*i , '^ , , for the ira.Xuo r»f U.c '^^rvieea r>e«'^ori?3ft4 by 
ii4» fox piivlntlff in -srror corF-or^^tloyj, In t2il<f $orjieotion 



■ ■• :>.-■■■ ■■-■ .f •:.:;.;./- .^ . ,0*^-- 

...... .v.- f ■;■ $ r-i. i ^^ 

;'f. ■'■ vA<;' v' '■•■.' •;;•' '?»*o^,,^ Jii' ;;. 

■■. iii v'f ■=,'■' .'...>v\..-:' -'vr''' <^.' 1.^ ':.'%< y. 

,.■ ,/- ; :- •■ /V^--^ ,;■■.. .,..,i:„ ;'.:^ ^ 
.•ir> ' ! ' ., f- T' ( ■ ■ T 

♦*?!:> ,♦' 






- 7 - 
lit 1^ rrof-«3P *o ftay thst f&s the jp-urpofte trf ano^irtainlnij 

Piiyasont for aftrvic«i8 >iBti e5tt«nj%e<*« Otl;«r tiu^^t-lowft raiiS^d 
ui^oit tlje jreoojr^ t,ir» not of au:ffi«iesiMl lejpo^tf*«<je to r-isrlt 
dlsou^^loB. Tho 4i¥lpi9nt in case lfo» i^i3 ?¥lU be are** 

T?je wvcjrs'^l of t!>e jitdigieent is *4r- '\j!nt 

|ir0e©*«llag« involved in H©# W337# new ?i«r© en ajf^&l, i^!il^Jr«• 
in ^ucigseot «h« ent^yed Ag^ir^t U* g, Waiters *s0 s^'^^rniaijae^ 

giirniftiiet^j own st coniis4=iexmt4s!i« ol tti« qu^ations iftvoA¥«d in 

ieri^o««d ui^osi S« F, iSnaitla by tii» t^rre* «f tiie eojitraot of 

th« £jg*eftfi*nt t?3f ^Itli to fimtfiGO %lv« r5fOf)0«4tio« 
«&» !sa agif^.fia«jijt running fe& th« Int&t B%^%9 fishily Co»p tmii 
©f ocHuur«« the utK?«rtak4ag ef f?ali«ir» to {»»wuiae s&l4 a5proc»»»r.t 
**«» ii' VAiidf an un ?©rtaK4«^ ai«o nmniag to «is.ia oorroration. 

¥h« trial GQuri held aa a pror>o»iti«« ©? i&«» '■*»! 
properly 90, thtit no ti^icsovsry ssouid b© had in favor of t.ii« 
Int«ir Sta.t« Hr^alty Co* ..i{;A4n«t the js.xa4«ii«e» 1^iter»t on 
4idy s^~M&l;»e or f;,u&raiity trndiSf by «»«*id "^aiii^^^rn j^^rr^on^v^lXy to 

t« f*x« not f*r«»tuEtl64 that tVi* vsr^l un!i«rtak4niES 
of f?ftlt«ir« to &»»y£iO tJi« c»^ligaiion toy Steith *'«,» not within 






:.•;.■: v:- - v. . • x> T; ; r:. .;5Wt»>»n 

' ■ ■ ;v; .■,:,^ ■-<:■••■■ ■ :■:• - ^^r-J.r ^:T' :^jIU 

L '■■■ ;, '^ '• :• ■:• t^*- / .■/■ r-!'^'^ 

'■■ :'- * • ■.; • .^ .V .,'■ ,": ^•''^. r-^-:..:^ :•;<'.- .• j 

...■'' ' . ■' ■ ' i ■ ."; ■..',,- 'iv. t\'^:'^i"^':i:-: ■ n.'"'' 



iQ-z^i^ «k 5>{:06i*tl j:.roiKlf«« m>t Irs vri^Sjig »4jps^ l»y lkil%m«s^ tcs 
or agr©6if-38ttt d« ttte |::-ari of A^alt^jen •>%» m^t %& \m imi^tQizm^ 

.fei5alg!fiie4 tf» &6ii i*,ftauK*«4 i?y ^1* Inter ^tat« li«5^ity Oo* 

that it shf^ii \sf% ami n^m^in in foro* f^r a t^esfieii o-f tlif^® 

o» tJi© patt of "ss^altsya^ oeiisft^ifijg; it %st ii^'V^ b©s« T»%ild 

%Q 1tJ« r«wr forced, wifciiiu ons y©ap, b\.5t t^^a t^^ «)il»t &» a ooa- 
tinulng ©l?ligatl<m for the? sspao© of thjp®« ya^^rts* 

Realty Co« fi^air^st 'Walters upon hXn »ald, v^rfe^^X «»^i«jeii:'5Jk4ii% 
a«*5i It follosw ttot aiaid Urslt*!"*! .-a-a not llf^bin ja^ tami«ls®« 
u&d«y fiay JtisJl,sifeeiit s:«<}<fv«ired fey th« «iif.r«il«®# Warr«m ., mp^lnat 
n^.id Inter 3la%« RiMtaHy Co« 

preeeedingft ag*ilm»t t)i<j r^^ risnauit^ 1!<e3P», will be t^v^rimd. 






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., / t'<o ^'■■'i .tfr. 



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App«llea», 



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Khmm cmis, \ 

Or a, r^'^i s^-^V 

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/.i^pi^SAL mm 

CIRCUIT QWBf, 



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frOK vi 4@ojte« cf tiie Ciroiilt Court ft^rec lowing a deed of 
truwt in ths nc*.tur« of i; r-ortgiigo* ?h® vleex^i© sv'ss sn*;©re<l 
P-r^ £SM®£212.* th^^rjit i» no «j:ip«;.>?r5Ano« U«,r« fey r>t'pelie«, 

thi^ bin fiiad I?oveK^*«?» 25, it^ll, :Mt« forth th^st 
>^-* Cohn md I!r,ni\&h Cofcn ead® and «x©eut«d tS-»eir otirtuia 
pro©lfl»ory not*, .W4t«4 Au.r*i*»t 5, IftO?, for $1>;S<>0, r-xy^bi© 
to tiift ojrdL^y of th«&««lv«8 in five yatijrsi ".fft«?r ,;j&t«, v*itii 
int*re-!$t .-^t the jcate of 5^.- ffijp «nma»» p.^yAble ^i1^ewtt-J:.njimc?lly» 
aifi svii.i©i-«3i«Kl toy tftai lnt^r«»t C50uj^<»b note* foy t»13»50 «ac&> 
p.*y«bi« i'®??.r®{5tively i^ a, lii, IB, i'^4* 30, Z% ^'l^ 48, r»4, 
rtad -^ ««>nih« aftet -riAtd,! ^^ ^^^31 f-rn''«f'3!' ^y the pri«oipal 
nct« tiit«r»V© »lt,'i<3he<i, itatkea "Exhibit; ^.♦•, Hi© ^lU ^'fltso 
a«t9 forth th« ss.xeyuticm by ths «»'!>•« p^xrtiea of tijcir trust 
uceu to ?!dcur«f the rr^yr.'^nX qS. &^xUi iTir^lpal not* hM Sfsici 
lnter««t oouf^n notfia* Tti^ cuue* ^*» i«f^'rr»d to thti ts.^j»t?ar^ 
wiiO fiiftd his repoTt of rrccf yrv'i fijvilngd, but ciuah r^rort 
contains* nelth«r U;e original o? flaia aotca -ind truat aeed 
nor ooj^it* tn®reof» 

•Exhibit A», .jtt^>oi»ed to u,e bill of co»r.;l,lnt, r.md 
''libioh i?urports to he. a copy of the* , rinoir^l net*?, hear* dt\t« 
August 5, 1900, baing a i;it» two yoi^rB i >t«r tUM\ th?; it;i.t« 



Bi><:.oi 



v^'i' .v;u mti 



«'' 






1 y:'.-- 









••'■'^r -y.' ..'Oft 
•,-?■- .ivCi/. > .:.■■■ 



of th« note aaacribed In the biil. Foi'eeloffujra of Use 

interest coiij*on note 41s® 48 r.ortt,h« aft^r d«fc«, "-fhleb, if 

August S, ll>i3» or lft»g !:iubi»®cj«««t to t,h« flHnf, of th© bill. 
It miy h^ mKwm hf '?< -Mf^ndeint In a d«cr»ffl 6Ktc'r*ed. 
i:r<;> aonfe'^sfi? that th© d#arsfi I?? rsot Jiiat,il'i«4 toy %h& iiv^rss^Et^ 
of tha hill; »tid «fh^y« tfe« bill p.r«vliC4i:Uta a ri.^ilit to r«Ilaf 

U4«reof by r^fi^rsnce, th#y oontroi tha dll®^tlen« oi" the 
The© ^«©re'B l-» r«v?ije3«d ;';mi! tlta miU9« jf^mjittJied, 



345 • X9;5S9* 






/ 



f Al-ptill^&p 



* «♦ / 






APPEAL FROU 



:;L 






m. mmtmm justice mmiK 
minnow tnt optmon or nit €oaii?» 



St Paaifl© liaLXway Oos^smy to r«H3©ve«' 4'ig!M%s«« fojf ih® .r.iJerjM 
wrottif«l d«kat4i of plaint If ir*o tetss^latej a trial "ey Jwiy 
reaiilt«*i in a vardiot auil ^itut^^nt agstlji&t tl'i«f ■;»«ifei4d!*ritt for 

Tn« e*«ji0i,«»ati^t «0fi%i4i»» lour emmta» fiic ilrat 
count ai;»ffg©ii ftegiigeisa© in th« £.*<'-uaa@j«iii4i i*fei o|Kjr4*,t4<m of 
& ioaoeotlv® .aii4 oaya b^loa^irig to ar|)«ilant» The »ogoii«I 

iMttt of Slietioii i^^fVB of %h& U^imicixml (5oii« of Chto;»eOt li^*- 
int th0 ai«!H»d of tr^*.ln« t© tan Kilfts na aout* Th« rcurtii 
uyu&t 0li;^g«a «s vioiritlcai by vir-i^sli^nt ©f iReetioa 1®<II of eaici 
I^mioiriil Qod0 t&i-^ilrkm every Xoaoissoiiv©, oi*jr or tr.vin of 
€(&]?• jruRfting in tho night ti««o tm (.-oiy 3p^?!.4'iarou4 tnack in tim 
dl%y to hm¥6 Hud k«tsp ^'hi3l« no running « l}S'illi«tnt am oof>» 
«f>i«Ufeue» 14gh% im ih« forwsird dtxi of «uoli l«ooffi«&tiv©, r,f>.r ©r 

(3w th« nigjht ot July XX» 10X0# spp©li-»nt Im.^ two 
«ar« of ^a1« for tlullvory ht tte yA.rd» of ttxnt ?6faii»yif'j.i»i* 



J, V* ',■'"■*■; i •• C<'''- 



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a^ 



^ .^.v' .. . • «.. ■„■' ■ : ■> .-^ ''.:■»' .:..;.::.. ft c. "u '.?jiiss>d 

■-■ -: fj ^(jii.: ,i ■■■;;■ : ■■ :: .^.. '. ^:-;.' ...:> -■,■,.. ;•».,!. .i.C*!-ii « ;;niti 



d«9iir«d to BKike on or b^-iforo I*:: ©•ciook mlvlnlgiht In f-tdett t© 

preoux84 £>«rai8sloa tsm» th& Poim«yivanij* Owsat-'^&f ^ hsul 
»«ivl «%X!3 up&a th« tr«.ok» of tltst csa^'^yuy tfam lUxjsili I»lan4 

to Boby« ft\^ d'i^Jtarsse lwft.^s««« t^i^sa® ti»6 m>lft.ta ia not dl#«» 

al&94id by %k& ife^iSX'dp ]&u? thffi evldtise© ntmrm that ili^ tU^t^f^iisso 

ftmi aiv«y Br-HBch sTuJWtloft, « point a »feort >UistAi*o« <»a-^t ef 

Rock laiimd Jimotion« to ?fa&fey li? t^> mil$»«« il.r.p8il»M*a 

tmin esrew, eonai»tlng of s ©omluetor, ioao»iot.iir« an^in^^t^^ 

fimmm, and t*??© fi^xitE^wn^ Gp<?s:p 'sting tM trjiia cori^iatlng ©f 

.>pl?i}Aia,rttAii loc^ioti^^ Ho« 1X3 4uad tlt« »4iiAd ttrs OAjr«i ©f ^als., 

left Hook ti^hxm Junoti^ ut*(m tiisp sa«t bound ty»ak of tjb« 

Peim»yl?<*aia C©is|??my .%% lii'X) or Ht9C5 P» M« «M anrived at 

■ P. M, 
Kobjr at lU^ipr I;; 1 01 A« K, Thg tytic^n -,f th« Psms^yl-a'aiila 

sro»dii3^ the Oalutest river the tracks of %h» Peyasaylfmnia 

Ui« oiracar «iii»di, At^imi* H» Av«(rsyi@ M, Avenu# |» nmi i^wlag av««-> 

niid^ ^&il of mii<2h ruis noartft .?'>n4 ^tcmt^» 1?i:»«tli«x or<}iaaliig 
Sliil^mn were «»%«ti@ii»<i est ©moli of tli® :iair«aRu«» naisM ticseja 3r«>t 

rioy©Ui by th« PannsiylTfmiU Co«ai«sy 'j^ere fst.-itioaed at Rt^^t* 

aivf.ali***?* lute^tAt* wc'i.a rtt^%loB«di *it tbe l^lsg ;ivami« oitoek9m 
Ing n«A]p It® int.era«<3tloa sitb lOOth street* Th<ii*« ifn;i» iu» 
»ye »:ita««a ©f the oooiirjrtsRoe rdd©h ?«rtuit»d in ♦hf wi^th ot 
uj;j:«X.''.«e»» int.a«tat^., 7h«t flngiK^n*'* »h^«ty *mlch wji oacu» 
plurt 1^ the a€>otiaa«d was iocnt^d eaat ojf Bwlng stvoiiue ami 
•outfa of th<* railtt>»<i trmokn* Rinnw.iUB ientififtd VtJ^-t fk% 



A'V . • •, ' " 



;;..,. ■■ ■ ■- fi '--.si „,-, .■.■■ ^r^ii u'. .uOf! '='■ U^ XA--- .|«»t« 

: . , J ;,.:?■ .£, .•"•V- ;; ' .ji? ,/0-i»;;Atft 'ifi'S'^oXn 

•*?;■/ ..,.,/:. ;v: , ' .. .>;■.' •,;:'' j^ .- ' . !^ ^' :■:< t ':U i''*»'»i' i>i .;>"■ 

.'./ i\A ■ ., V,v- ■■*..rO : ■ -i..-* lO Ellis'., i '^^y 



the croaaittg on E»?lftg ?iveau« ana «<8W a fr«isii% taraia f^n proftCJ*- 

ing tliislli a*o«»«lnjj trim tim «.a«ti tteit h» «aw a X-aatefa i«!Ovl»g 

Ol^08«in/5 3K<1 e€N®© to a nt«|> ut tl^; ©emtar of said, ercswiiaiiig 
ttt a point aojrVU -c*f tlije »«»* ^^^imd lraek| %hti% titter &sii4 
freig^it tsnln h?xd cX&htM &ikX(i crocs inis he «saw th« laistora 
Roviftg >>«.«& {ie«>ii« t^»^ oros^ftlng to^s&jrd tha ^.>V:Sittyj that 
;^«.bout the iiim «4!».i^ '^«t bcHtfKi train sie-^irad his croftaiii^ 
at Avc-itti« h a *©«<iis^ti?8 i^ffei i«ft 6a3f« |msa«d his oa tiie ©a«t 
IxjUTtCi ttttokjp £^M th»t b& aid tm% a^ai^ »«ni %h% lan^inien t<.i th4r 
Ef9i£§ ^f^mai c^c>«alnei that atUijf tluj J<^<«faatite aii*i t¥»«» ©are 
had p«i»»«!d «&et, tiRvo i:0g;:u2.^vffly »«h«»ri«-l«d ti'v'sim al^^ piisasd 
GClRg eefii i^jm th<%X t -villus, to tli«n »«« «Ry Ximtejra &t tii« 
Ewiiig av«nae siroiKaing his susrioloxss ^ma ijp0U#e«l ami h« 
west to that ojpossing for the )Mept>m ttt rss^Jkln^ ^m iji«j.-«*«f^« 1««J 
thti.% hD thert sjii? iiia ikiM bodty of as^i>«lies*« iBt^JS'^.iite* "Ria 
body w«« first found bet'»®{S{i tJ:0 rails of th« ea«t boimd traelt 
about Ii30 f©^t «®st ©f the «l3aa*y> flUi di'ldfi^a t«Rc1Ui to 
»how that th& »ight wvift dark ^,n& ttmt the sitrc«t« ia th© 
i£!tB»<Uate vloinlty ef the l^inQ uv€n%m croaftli^ wi«r«i t]»ut 
dlDiy lighted* 

A cassjit rret)0»de ranee of tli« €rvia«n»« «hOKfi» that 
th« loooee^tiVQ a«tt^ two e«^re th«n being ^©iratiMa by tli« «***• 
vants cf ai-r^cil^^ivt '^eye nitmlng «t s a,re«<l of tw&» 56 to SO 
ttiXi^n -m houjf at tli«' li»« th«y .^rxxoash««t an*.! eyc(»««a JCvsiog 
avenue j thfst th* Uoad li#it ufon i»fe>ld locoi»tiv« ^tis not 
than li^itftdt h&d thiit fiO beXl wtta thus i^^ns ^^^ i^ ^^lidijttf 
«»« thca »ound$U« Itille ajsp^litt© cffer«d no ftvideiwo u& to 
tho h^\bita of %he Ueo6a.fted rfte-'Tding ost.r© for hta c^-n ea3tety» 
proof 4«?«9 m^49 »hov?in£ that l«» »«» iniiu«trlcu8y «ot3«irj» healthy, 
iAtslli£;cnt« in jposii«a«loa of IX hie facultid«^ »m attentive 
«n4 «ff iciest i& th@ li^ttrittm-nse of hi«« di&ti«« &n & crostniiis 






■' *^^^'- 






i*;-^ I- 



•I < 









^.^ireia, lis 1^ u^u^i CiHty^ ^^ by^it^^^, ti^^n^^a^i ^Wat^or^ 
iim ot urn a^tiitei ^M ^Mp^rmrn ^t tmim m rm n^st^^a 

at Bi^a* B^t^so^ Jun^UoB t«^in^ fej^.| upon yeosipi «^f a 

^#r«08 ^H>«» duty it ^^, i^ T^u %h^ ^^TiTal tind d«r.nure 
Of tr.to ^t Soak I.nan4 Ju^ictloj*, t^.^t %&4 t^.Ui tn ,^u^«ti«i 
r^aa un Hook J«i.^ fe.ottoa a lltm p. M., a®, ia ti^ 
um^n mur^ of feu«4r^a«, aot^ urea U^ ir«(a«Uf th« d*. 
r^airtura <5? ^ald tr^ia x^o* Rook l*)a,^ Junoticn ..5 «% tu tum 
«o ec^nlo.t.d tc ht^. r^ pj.er.tt.:r ^ ,,.r«<m who^. duty 



by ftppeXXant that att tiv© %it^ nfi%e\i ^li th^ i*©f,i»l<&r of ^.im 
a&p-\ie%us9 of the tiwitk in r^mtim ftm mm l^loiKji Jimctioii 
mm m%eii hy y*o oimmli^g .it ?U.v>&ir Bjf^sneii JufiGtiim 'ut-joft hear* 
aivy, tii« notation \j|>on trj« r*%gi «!■?;# jp in %h%f, p^Uxf\ili\£ m« 

iU %m%n upon th« tiemh^^ of th<$ r^ina^yiir^mia C©»t;.Miy m<nmi 

: oi" t»«da« n^ioli pr«vfti3U54 In tfeet ooMwt of iU ^^imimmi. by 

I the 04?aiffeyy isovurisfl cr hmimm ^imiU ^ve Imaa oos^^^teiit 

j 4}vicien6« la an i^etlo^ ..s^^ia^t %ht> F«nii«y2va»iA Ooi^^-^uy, it 

1 ^v»a 00B!.^t6at «¥id«no« l© the ^A?i« at ba^« Syi^ mxGthns 

j»op«»iy or l«r jroj>=;riy aa»ltte4, lU a<^telji84©a eeulcl not 

tluit th« txi.in 1» quest i^m left Hi^sy t^c^^i Jyaotlqji ,a lit 5$ 

I3l.'.u4 Jiiaotl^ «nsi mver Br^^^li Juzs3t|©sa is mt lUi'aotly 
IjivoX-re^t b^aua© tl;i© l^lag 8v«mi« oy.>«4?l/i^ ?-,| ©y ii»tix msloh 
t2AO daqeaa^d *«fts atnkok am? ki"l©d, iff lo««tt«»<l ^em ^i^U^m* 
ei*«t ©f Hive;? ai-aiiofe Jundtlon« «-.j^l itm tj>««4 at -^Icb tl^ 
train m.n ruimlAs ^^hen it Ojro»«ed fwtag &v<>mi« Is* iim ojiiy 
vita (|U»»tlon upon th.at irmm^ tt^ a« «€m« of ti-i€ tr«^ift 
ojr«» toatiflft4|» U*© tr^in Uf% Book UlaM 3%m%im ^% liiSO 
Pt «•♦ 'A% ocourl«4 a Bilay*;«e i« yu«aliae to Mv^ Brnmh Juoo* 
tlon, vihatmag if, a® noted oa ^.ha tsi^in t&i^Mtme, It i®ft 

In nmnlag bot«0«a ttiom rolats. m*iia t^.g reooM do^ft not 
diaoXocs* t^e diaUnoe ht-lvmn Rook Isa r^ Jtmotlon atKi River 
Braaoh Juaa%lcn» It i« oitVij* fror. the fact© ij^mi 6irm4s«#ii.«oe« 
lA ovidetMM t^-i.t the uwuvil nitinlng felae t»«twe«a e<a<J poiirta 
A» aWut two rslnvil«0« 

A witneaa, John«oit, oiBr:icy«»d by ti-i© Pen?v«»yJv .nla 
Ctaiir^y «e t«l«jnr«pher /^t K-^r-^ '*.r ^t, t9stifl«d tf..a i,o did 



'Si. 



V.<.:i.. v.y ^ 



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^- ■ ■ ■, ,v =. -- ~ l,i •« ■ ■ -•• •■.' . ...ly ...i<>X-Jk 

■:' .iff.'?' . -.;< -.:■.;■- ii.'^ • =. ^ S-'^^U :u)^- .-r. KMi'v^ 

■'■ \"» -Mv ', .-: • •-■ j: -■'"; ■ ->:>i teOili;' 

. ^■■■' i. , Ui4«ir» I .V. . ^luwi ; 

r-,.' ;,„.:v .-.cOvil, ■ V <^;i;. -«.,., • ■■■.I .^ ^ -^av^i^3^X» -ifittWJ^fi 

■.,.:; . . c^ . ■ l,V iVJvOi'VAi- ^,:K''iM^.^U^<J ^«fl«fi?:t*/ li . 



not liwit th§ ea^:ti» in qai«#tl<m ^-iiistle m It api>3f0aah©a tMt 
point* ?l^ wa® tii^^ii as!j;#d to aiate riistj-^y ®f rael in fels 

h» did ?K>t thifjk S% (a«U ^1*« vtts thislE ths !'<?««: ©f tii« 
quesrtioiB ?ja8 feb^fJOtiorMbiei it i?? oloa^sif c^kln to tii^a 4jp<»* 
jjsoYed lii5© of itiauiry ef a. ^»it»(?t»s# wh»jthers if a baXl li^ut 

been riasg ox" « i^bi^tlii aourKlisd M -Mml'A ■Jxr*"?© fatfiiJPd it. C>. |s 

c«w*i5saeX fQT &ij,f>®ii€« «iitu%t«d to tin* eourt. In. subptaii^©^ th%i 
tli«i"e fm» th&n iit&mnnt th^ ^Min^em uf th& tjrai« in qye?jti4»«t 

h«i h«Kl «ubi«enaod thef ':^itn&»fi tm did set ^^^t %e \roxi&h for 
feici ^ mr.kin^ hte );1.fi '^itni&sfii tfett h« was* «s h©5j%ii« vits^^is 

fros the ireoord aad isi«.*.ruot«d %hn ^urf to a4s»r«^'itrsl it^ 
atatiog tii&#® '^ris »o evld^friO® to ^ho« whether th« i?ita««» mm 
liO»til« or 0tfa©rwis«» Over the ob^eation of ispj^all^irt. Usu 
oeurt tlien e^ftllsi^ tfi« ^itjwes aisi intei'B&gi.ittM him ir#3j.«etia|t 
th« tttOVQismnm of th« trfiin tij^on thn ooea^icA i« qiic^tioa* 
l?hiie %im line of tnt^uiiry adoptM by Ui& o^ypt isras ij®i»tii'&l in 
it« o>ujjPHOt€T| frequant otoja-etioisfi tf«?r© inten'*«><'*^ i^y oouri^mX 
for both r*'*irti©« to *jj>scifio -jusjitioiift pr0rowjr»d,<Mi to the 
*-itne93. Ho nlio-wiisg mn^ mi>d» \if apjpeil©© "sJiiob justified 
th« oourfc ia o/iliiag thr^ witfi«»» foi* exttisimtioa by %}m oourt* 
but no hixtm xestultedi to api>«ilaRtj| t^-^sOiiuae th(5 j^itiMSfia waa 
eub««v4U©ntly o;til«d by co^uia®! foi* iijt^QlX^nt when upon hi« 
dir4Mt unit orosi« ex^Kin^tioD he oo^sred th«} »ai^ ground »hieh 
bad be«n covdjred upcai hlis oxiiiDina,tion l^ the ootirt* 

Tho fifth f»nil *lxth in-?tructloij« :y.Wnn ».% the iiv* 
•tancMl af appelleo, vavil© &c»t«swji.i.| im^.r/tly r'teJra«e'4» ^iTH ««rt 



M> 7 •• 

to am otdim^wo ot t.h« City cf CSi^o-ago -frhiah waa offcswid in 
ttvidttzi£s« by ?4pp«ll«« XipjJltlng tl\» tii%fs of sr^sM oi' ar;:ai.roa<l 
trstiaa ruimUssg frltlii» the Oity ilisita. It 1« ?iitid by a; I'.-cl-* 
l.-^.t that th« r>yvUm.tjiee ^il<i!ls wa« In-troiiineecl t!jy fspj^^lX*© 
w»a not Ir etfm% n% t;fc» %lra« In <'iU«»ti<MSK ba*t ttiat -tlh^i ^a^jaa 
h^ b«©n ^mj'ijrisade^ by ©U>«ff a*»fea4?f:-s.i«ruiiy adoiitM ostdixv^inom 
relating t© the s^sts^a 0? tjrat^s witJilRt th^i city ?.ijg'it«, ??hl«li 
o7t.ilriiinGii« n^jrti Qff^m&d in isvi'jmm9 tsy a)['>j,5#llar,t anci lfii^fi?op^arXy 

w#r« Citsiy to b«<s«»ae ef^©atl9« upon th* j-^rfj^fiaaifi©* of cc/iv- 

aaa it 1» m&-nif<sn% %hut »tick oMInaiMMiia v***© not ptopei^Xf 
ii.dmii^&i\iX& in. ®via«ne«# <ai3wi«pt UTim j*?^©!' of r^^r^^^r^wMe of 
«m«i» oomfcitiono* So smoh pTo^f ??ss r*sds# 

*Stm »<air^iith ijv:?trii0ti©a given »i tiys in^itajsoe of 
a;;'pellea ttoos aol|> ks oorit«m4«d by lapp^Xletnt^ igiK>y© >.h« 
roquiy«3^^Rt that th© ii$9««ik««cl ©houid u-t t]^« ti»se In question 
ii^iir& been la the oxeijrois^c qT 4u® Ov5,r® for hin omn waCe'ly* 

1^« iaatruotioR ie iniirtlfioi&Xly frtra&ci, l3wt it i« 
Bct fserloanly obje<»tioiik%fele« 

tXioro ta ivo m(itit in &pimll^js%*ii eoritefitlcn that ttm 
(i»Q9&»9& by ir0«i^«€m of his» ei^^S-oyRietnt a« a @ro««tiA|^ fiaamt» 
dUt m>t ocHssB ^?itliin %hM eiajm ol p?jr©on«i entitii*d to protootic^ 
under %M provlsioan of 8tatut<ii« »iid ©rdltMJiiO** tainting to 
tho «poed of isainaj, headilghto ui?on Xooo*sotiy«« ans:*» :H4raing 

a> a, C!0>. V. 01 Abort. i5? XiX., 3S4| %^ ,P, ,4 'IT^ )^.» Qi^,n.„,„|* 



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-..'■, ^'^ .';-., ■ ■', c <■ ";- - .-.;. xiuiniu 



^ll0 thvj alBth^ tciBi^ i^rfei e levels t^ iiis^ructioiw 
jiJ.v«in at tlie iifi^'t«ii«<9 of a,sj|pMsli.0e v^iiX wt k-iuis^j^e^miullf -with** 

not ififliiojiced ti;ei:-f3t?r *o s'stuirn a vc»tUet viiiich ti«c;y v>owM 
not ilTiiiVC retura®d 4a tlifi afes«f«»«s --j-f -^lioii l-mjtri*(3tior^# <^ 
if aiiOh la€*«'y^tl«!S» Imd C4>atC4if^d a4<surat« »t4itsjc'scr*t;a c^f 
ih« law tipj».ii«3«-bl« tp ll-js m^te* 

Xsjoliited 2&is;t frag.'j^jTtary expressions found 4n ju;ll*- 

bii> ©i^^aociisd in inntrviGtimmi, 

Wot^ltiu-it^indtRs the urrot^ In t,M recoiUj »-© are 

is, there foi^j^ aff|:prJ6ti» 



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■ i ' 1 .Kt ''Si "■ 
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19 - 19384, / ^:; 

ALBERT G. McLEAN, ) ' j 

Plaintiff in Error, i ERROR TO 

V8, : •/ j MUNICIPAL COURT :i 

THOMAS M. HUNTER, Bailiff of the ) OF CHICAGO. li 

Municipal Court of Chicugo, ) i 

Defendant in Error, ) ^^ 1 

MR, PRESIDIKa JUSTICE BAUKE ""'''" ' ' 

DELIVERED THE OPINION OF THE COURT. ] 

\ On April 15, 1911, the Conaolii^ated Agency Company, 
a corporation, recovered a judgment in the Municipal Court 
against Albert G. McLean for ^62.20, and on April 24th, follow- 
ing, an execution issued on said ;judgnient was served on said - 
McLean by the Bailiff of the Municipal Court, ?/ho then notified 
McLean that he laust, within ten days thereafter, file a sche- -I 
dule of his property, if he desired to avail himself of the 
benefit of the exemption laws. On May 1st, following, 
McLean executed v<hat purpo»ted to be a schedule of his per- 
sonal property, wherein he set forth that he was the head of 
a family consisting of a wife and one child,, and resided with 
the sarae, and stated that he desired to avail himself of the 
benefit of the act relating to exemptions. The property 
scheduled was described therein, as follows: "A small stock 
of groceries and aeate not to exceed One Hundred Dollars 
($100.00); one suit of clothes. Cash on hand, None; Debts 
due and owing me, None," On May 2nd following, the attorney 
for McLean went to the office of the bailiff of the Municipal 
Court, and hctnded the schedule to a deputy bailiff at the 
window there, and told him that he (the attorney) had a 
schedule here. The deputy bailiff took the soheaule, exam- 
ined it, folded it up ana stamped it, "Received - First 

District, ThOiZias M. Hunter, Bailiff of the Municipal Court 
of Chicago, this 2nd day of May, A. D. 1911." 



^\ 



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-ciiCiG i> ;;:.i/ ^'^.■r^"■ ^iJ-i':' .:' ^^'^oi: iI.^;3■ iU..:7i«v ^ t^WM Oa tt^irfu /XiCJoM 
OuJ- :..^ /[ .iT-i; XC' - , cf'- f ... . . ■ .•.: -;,: " ' t^-^-^ ;'^'--( ^J^ii i'^J sl^/i^ 

I'-'I ■ to/^i'-'O-f -vj-, ^ ^:..■.^ ■:■■■■ ■:.■.::■ btn^ o'riv; ; 'io §.■.:. .taxP:^^;.* X-^-'^'iJ^^ ■'^ 
,,,:. ','■:< XA'-..!;:).'- .. , . .. •:■> .;,t;:';i.r ^ : . , &:i <j:-A^ bi^hy^^:i .oa;; /Ofnia. Qif^'- 
•yij- J-^,. rai.i :•■(■? v'-y :^i- r. "0',f BX.'jt)a.i;o«i aaj- JsaiDnBft bat', t^t'xuoO 



- 8 - 

After +: e filing of the 8c>.id schedule in the office 
cf the bailiff, the attorney for the judwient creditor v/as 
notified thereof, and he then inforiced the chief deputy 
bailiff that the manner of the deecription of the prorerty 
in the schedule rendered the earre illegal and void for 
uncertainty. Upon the execution by the judgEient creditor 
of an indemnifying bond, the bailiff levied the execution 
upon certain srecifically described property, consisting of 
more than one hundred fleparete itecie of property, euch as 
are ordin.cirily included in a etock of groceriea and meats, and 
being the same property Tfhicb ?v'sb claimed by McLean to be 
exempt. McLean then prociired a vrit of replecin to be 
ifiieued out cf the Municipal Court for the recovery of eaid 
property from the bsiliff and said t-Of^rty was taken under 
Baid writ by the sheriff and ■ eturned to McLean. 

Upon the trial of the replevin suit in the I'unicipal 
Court, a jury having been waived, the court found the iasuee 
in favor of the defendant, Thomas M. Hunter, bailiff, and 
judgment wan entered upon such finding for the return of said 
property to eaid defendant and against the plaintiff, McLean 
for co^ts, Thip writ of error is prosecuted to reverse 
_0uch judgK.ent* 

The quentione involved are, first, whether the 
schedule as filed by plaintiff in error is sufficient to 
entitle him to claim the pror;erty therein deacribed or any 
portion thereof as exempt; and, second, whether the mere act 
of the bailiff of the Municipal Court in receiving and 
filing said schedule, without objection as to its sufficiency^ 
operated to estop him from contesting its sufficiency, or 
operated as a 'v^aiver of any informality therein. 

Section 14, Chap, 52, cf the Act rsl.iting to the 
exemption of personal property by act approved June 24, 1895, 



i)i.;..3 'xo \\':- V .o-:-i Of?- •:;;■'■; ■^•x:J^O L:y!,s.\f...'i[! 'ij 'r;j ;?:iG Xo^..:u^x 

\ . ■ ■ 

,:'-^y , ^-'i-Ai.?' r^ ^.r 'n :.■:■; /:■' vr ■ ^ .' , if^ii.T-l-ic ■..■■:- • ;■ -•)■.•;::, r,i: 
ijiisn "c/ ..:. -..•j ..'• Tol Z'--'" ^ ."iov;^^ rr-rv.; .■"^■;r ■ -i ^;^■•' :?-;.^. ; n r^ 

o^-'Vi-^v :•■■ :•>,: ;-.r ,r -;.-j^.y: . v..i r-; v.-: ■ T'', Ji'x- ' i -,'^' ,rj;"oo -- : .1 

■ ;:.*:" 7-. ,., '::'-'^' t;N:-...i:.: . ^■:^ . J: "yC ,;v;. .i; • ■ .. Xo 'ti; -" i.iT 



- 3 - 

io. In part, as follows: 

"Vilaenet'er any debtor against whom an execution* ♦ * 
has been issued, desirec to avail himself of the benefit of 
this ci.ct, he shall within ten days after a co];..y of the exe- 
cution * * ♦ in served upon him, such copy of the execution 
to have endorsed thereon a notice signed by the officer, 
notjtfying the aebtor that he inup.t file a schedule of his 
property within ten days from the service thereof, whereupon 
the debtor shall male a. schedulo of <?11 hie r ersonal property 
of every kind ana character, including money on hand and 
debts due and owing to the debtor, and shall deliver the 
sacie to the officer having the execution * * ♦ or file the 
same with the justice or in the court v;here the -"rit is icau.ed, 
* ♦ * and any property ovmed by the debtor and not included 
in such schedule shall not be exempt as aforesaid, and there- 
upon the officer having the execution * ♦ • shall suraxnon 
three hcufleholders , v;ho after being duly sworn to fairly 
and impartially appraise the property of the debtor, shall 
fix a fair valuation upon each article contained in such 
schedule, and the debtor shall then select from such schedule 
the articles he or she r:ay desire to :■ etain, the an,;;regat€ 
value of which shall not exceed the aaicunt exempted, and to 
which he or she ir.ay be entitled, tnd deliver the reriaiDder 
to the officer having the writ; and the officer having 
such 'vrit is hereby authorized to administer the oaths required 
herein of the debtor and appraisers," 

The prior act of May 24, 1077, provided that the 
schedule should be delivered to the officer having the 
execution. 

The oath of plaintiff in error to the schedule here 
involved was not adr.inistered by the officer having the v/rit 
of execution* 

While exemption statutes are to be liberally con- 
strued to protect the debtor, courts, in seeking to attain 
that end, are not justified in distorting the language of the 
statute and thus placing upon it a construction rot within 
the legialative intent. In arriving at a proper construc- 
tion of the statute consideration, should be given not only 
to the purpose sou?;ht to be served, but to the means provided 
for the accomplishment of s\ich purpose. The statute provides 
that the debtor "shall mcLke a schedule of every \ ind and 
chc^racter "; that "the appraisers shall fix a fair valuation 
upon each iirtiole contained in such schedule, and the debtor 



XiOirh'OO':;; j'l;' to v^-.O':. :\'.vb .:ri::' rvo-::-r k- iii'-; ■'.■ * •" ' ■' .vld'J.fO 

Vj jCO -'■:>■/•■; isnOP'Z . . „:•; 1.1.; '■.O oCi. : .;.l>r; .. ;■■.-■' CI;:!"; 'xji'l-ju ^n'J 
bii;-.. jViHrl iZC ^eno^t %»/"!; 1 i; ,j I Oi.^L ^t; :! ^..viv ..i, • ::!^ ijCi;.' v';,;:, vo 'f-C 
"■•;::^ vavi!'.-', tLscia ■!;;■ ^lO-tdsS s.:.: ...... ,,)-:x:::i bn' j.'- G;^d■!r-o 

;b£iiji.ai: '^i ^ ivu ^'l-: ■■yvoii''! '>'■•,■'■) ■■■.:.■ aJ; 'zo B'.1''>j\ '■■rfj- r[f±\^ s::iGri 
H0!i,'T:,v'-4 -:',.v;"..cifci * * * fioi 1 'joexe t-aj ^itivrsii 'i^'Oi'lr'/O nnJ-- xiO'-;!' 

ic...;^: ' .. i^o: ::-' ■) t. '.' ' L -^'j ;..:vi , -xix't j-;/.i-: ac \:h,,: v*''t^ .0 jrl ;:it:.t ■.'.: 

.*;.:; it jj08X» xo 
-TOO "^rC s-.oiL oJ o:f :;•^ =-. ?r..- '' ...:;. Kc^y noi-'i ■;.;7:r !^..r.i;rr^V 



- 4 - 
shall then select from such schedule the articles he or she 
iMii desire t^ retain * * ♦ and deliver the remainder to the 
officer having the writ." 

Manifestly, it is contempld.ted that the articles 
constituting the property scheduled by the judgu.ent debtor 
3hall be set forth se arately, so that they may be appraised 
as scheduled, and so that the judgment debtor may select 
such of the articles so scheduled as he Kay desire to retain. 
The statute does not authorize the judgment debtor to fix 
the value of the property scheduled by him, and he cannot 
by arbitrarily assuming to fix the value of such property 
scheduled in gross escape hie duty to comply with the statute, 
where the valuation so fixed by him is within the amount of 
the exemptions available to him. The fixing of the fair 
valuation of each article scheduled is a duty imposed by the 
statute upon the appraisers. 

Appraisers acting upon the schedule iere involved 
could only fix the fair valuation of the stock of groceries 
and meats in gross. If such valuation exceeded the amount 
plaintiff in error v.-a8 entitled to claii. as exempt, any 
selection and retention by him of any portion of said stock 
would not be referable to his schedule, as is contemplated 
by the statute. 

^^ ^'offett v . Sheehey . 52 111. App., 376, it was 
said: "The schedule should list aerarately each article 
of a distinct kind, or of a distinct quality, grade or des- 
cription of the same kind, to enable appraisers the more 
readily to fix the value of each article contained in it." 
This language was vmoted with approval in McClellan v. 
Powell, 109 111. App., 222. In the McClellan case, the 
schedule filed by the judgment debtor described the prorerty 
thus: "Personal property, household and kitchen furniture, 
tobacco and cigars." It was held that the schedule was 



■i.r-;*l: o-'* ro ■:^:^lxly. Sil? ' ,;siii o;"- ■•^.' .--Ijikv-:. Br,: , ■ ; ./;u9xij da.*- 

» Sitct^sliirrqi; an;; noqw Gtu:tfct{: 

":::•;.; ,sh;.i;3Zr: ^' ;..-.. ^^ .■ he .(j .U ;:: a.i\ '..o^":.'. ■-! 'illiai&L^i 

,&.1^/:•...■^a &d& yd 
? ^: v^i i-'S't .»q<A .ill r.c t^^p;:fi3/\o . v _^ r^ :: IJ oil al 

:;>i:2.t-''X£i dci;3 vLod-;3io.:^OG iall h£uo,-d ciLsuasion silT" :txBS 

•.■i-....o<;i erf^ rf'i.^a.t:i..''.qq;:, f>.l-Jj.iaQ os ^'-tiz-: acasfs s.Lt 'lo rcoltqi-ro 

,v n;£:. I.'..->. ".OoM nx XjBvo-ii>:/i i/txw ^^J■:.' -/ atw ?>miSJ'gitvd &tdf 
«ri,t ^a8.-.ci ft s.[ Is JO Pit ..;i,^ nl .ESS t.-iqA . iXI 901 ,XIe?vo-: 

tai!,/;j-inia'i ns.>a+ii( f'.r.\3 Moruiei'orf ^Y^'^^sq^oiq iBaoBio'^** :ctjd)- 



clearly too general in the description of the silverware, 
tobacco and cigara. 

The holding in these caaee .aeeta vfith our approsral, 
and we conclude that the schedule in question did not comply 
with the requirementa of the statute. 

In Penaoneau v, MaaseraaiK , 8 111. App,, 398, it 
waa said: "He" (the cona table) "made no objection to the 
form or substance of the schedule. He cannot no'v aay that 
the Bchedulo waa not a compliance witl the law," Thia state- 
mentof the law is too general in ita scope, and waa not neoee- 
aeiry to the decision of the case before the court. There, as 
in Langaton v. Murphy^ 31 111, App,, 188, the conduct of the 
constable having the execution, in refusing to accept or 
act upon the achedule delivered to him, was arbitrary, 
oppreaaive and in breach of good faith. Of course, in such 
a case the judgment debtor will not be deprived of hie right 
to avail himself of his exempt iona. 

There is no pretense that the bailiff having the 
execution in the case at bar, waa chargeable with any such 
conduct. 

Under the existing statute -the plaintiff in error 
might properly have filed his schedule with the clerk of the 
Municipal Court, and if the schedule had been so filed, could 
it be succesafully contended that the rricre act of the clerk 
in receiving and filing the achedule without objection, oper- 
ated to eatop the judgment creditor from aaaerting its 
insufficiency. Cert inly not. 

The reference jja l^cClellan v. Powell , 109 111, 
App,, 323, to the rule announced in Pena oneau v. Masserang , 
supra , must be considered merely as in approval of the appli- 
cation of said rule in a like case upon the facts. 

The judgment of the Municipal Court was right and 
ia affirmed, 

JUDGMENT AFFIRMED. 



i. :„-5-,: ,: ,- a^:.ii': .1. . ; , ■ r.- .._ .,1. I..-;..-,^ .1...: -: h:-i .■,>/■* l0ir:-^;<l 

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--'■■.::■ ,:k •'.■:•-:.. -.:. . .: ^ ^- •■:.v;..0;^ i'r.;; j'ir?' 3£ii;I,i:"i hr:::. ^«iYi:90d«c ai 

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if 



COOK COUSTT, 









^53 



of Oook Count j: .jr.aiiiat tho «st.J4ta ©f Aaim Btsft-l, «ii^ei!i*%i»Qa., 

for |3,000, ^igr^d to be l>equ©s%li«U to oliil»if»r»t by miXC, 
deo«a«»4 In her iast ?4il s^ml t,&^«t4«(»nt. Upsm a li«i«rin^ i» 

pyoa«aut»d Xwt appm*l fsross siioh 5Uid|r;K©«t of ai«-iJlowano« 
to %he Circuit €<mft» «hi?r«, in a t»ia.l l3-y Jury^ ^Uei^in «i 
verdiet -m^ cUr»©t«d f©3P oliaimAt for tfe© full iiisount of 

§3,(3CO And ooats t,o if^ |5»ld IU» <lue oaur^e ©f uiU»ifiidtjraiioA« 

On Ar>i--«»1 l^««i a^lci iWigsseat to ifti« co\»rt tit© judi^ssent ..ti..© 

lof^ueo of fact involved Jsji0ul4 hAir« tje^u «uhisitt«fj. to the 

^^tyt I.n..^ g^t^ue o^ A;QTy> ,, ^M, decea^ > ica Hi, App., 

541, On th« i«ln.^tftt«fcxeiit oi" *ij« Giiu»i« in tli» Circuit ,/ 

Court a trial by jury rewuXtod la ^ v«rdiot in r;iVor of th© 

©lAimaat for U>9i fuli .^ouot o? Ii©r clftiis, upon rhieh Vi<riiot 

^ua^^KSjat wfaa «?iter«d ft(«;aiftat «sid «*(?%« te tor 03#<)CO naa oo«to 

to b« paia in due course of aaiaiftiatraticft with im aisrard of 

ox«aiitioii« this ;*j>r»«l i« < roeecutdd by %h^ sitiiKinlatratGr 
of ti*e 6«tat« <at said deo9ai»9d to rftv^r»© Bald *Uvirr«-^*» 



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4l<ilo# id ljt3uffl«i«nt to smpi^isrt the v«!jp<l.let p:t>M Juiis^'^j^euit* 
tSi© law of %h& aiaae Wvi.® 9t*it«Hl by thia «m*xt urow 

a»a«3f9®iiry for ti^t to dfjtabllssii by ,;r0|':i^ir *n^/Sd«3jio« tl-u».t 

by w-hioli tlis 'ieoeiisM^ in ccmgiiae»«*t,lo/ii of amm tm% or 

OuXar {jrtsqueat alatf^d-^ and tlwst 4i|:f~-f;il©«i l»iid fm$^tm^4 

h^s imrt of ti:*® o©Mt>r«Ct» .|l£vl^^;i4'l$,, ^y » IIM;c4^'\» a * 3,03 lll«t ^-t*!©* 

t;i*e &-wi&$m& in m.i!:.pQtt of it ^liouid h^ XO'Mm4. up©n with ^r^'tt 
,l$iil©uay, ^Mi;i T3«is;!>.s;i lii the m&i^t ^iimxmhryi^ immi&tf^ a.i'l tU& 
Qhcit'iWt^x, ooffeluct S'iBd t$ji.»tiisi&is.y of %M: wittmnmrn^^ utamld h& 

BjtQh ^ oontraot oan onlf he «<nror«»4 ^lAtm it, in al^sjrly pj?oiren 
by 4l3P©«8it ami fo^itl\r*i "fes^^t-teosy^ .'3tjt;l '?5iwn the t-txsp oi;' tis* 
contract nen cls.fiait« aM e»rtuin» •?!»« ^s^m% ^ttin^nt -.^oc-* 
trin©» 0;t ti-<*5 caxri should Vj^a apfli«*«:^- in «ii<ih Oi£iae*Tt# B.'..1M,<m 

y. i^mimt<st. JOS xii», sa9| Bysa£.-Li-i:2..am» ii^ xn., Isi^Tf 

My«# <?♦ M« IS«X«OBj o^^lSM Ij^ 4*?r:^i}.ef* to substantiate fc«5 
oiai« tm IM Ui^t %f%MX i« iB «t>iit4*5tlavl. «mi«03?^ -with th« 
t«^»iixi©ay of tii© «ia«^ ^liM»!ia« iigf.'On the f^rtjear tri^ilp i^Jfii^B 
t^ati^ofty i^^ f;rult« fuliy ss^t forth in th«? fora^ opinion of 
ihio «eii3fl» Mr^i, S«?Xf«on mm net exiled «*# % witraj^S' i^«3t 
th«i lfi»t tri^.l* 

It is u»0cnt«'e^«jrte4 ttett .appell«s lived ^rith ^xna 
i*t ♦.h© luoti© oi' Anna flx>«4 for atKmt ^'10 ym^ra prior to tlm 
iHioatii of t}i« i«tt©y in krsil^ iOOfj tfcu^t dt^cii^, %hm% ti^ 

e«if«4 for iam! nu3r»«4 JCr<^# M«^^ nm%>^%o4^ b«r isi isor £ifv;-j5oisi3. 
iiittxinnf rented Imv si|>arte^nt« ^rvtS a©il<3.oted the r^ntf^ tb«r®«- 
f©r> anil -siia fico«r't0d by utti. a«t©d i» ti*© «5t^i:-€vOity of ji gos>» 
panion to Ut9% Recdi Ih-it «;|>|;'«Ile© ans^ Mtm* Pjn^. alone t^cn*- 
fltitutfld tlxs hoiiiPkCholdi that duir.ln|f «. pcytlou m 'ill of 
as^id tivsa^ 9XQ&xi% th« laRt t«r» ««3>nth» of !Cr«?* B«i«d'9 lif« 
i^h* pi\i(A t^tpp^llne n&g«9 fat th«» tat^ of 1^0 t«!7 !m>ntlit« -ixmi 






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to |Jv^ i'ja® Aildf^a by ta© Pjre-foat* Ci^-^Aift* 

ocoatffioft wifen f!«^» MMi mm aeoldiisg fsnpigl'l,©®, thu witneat 
r«fcraked th«^t she ibm»1; not sseoM apt,!«lig©,> iRiJifjj««pOR Mr^. 
n©«dl »3isi# •! imv® ^.$y««K? to gi%'« h^jTt '4i«&n I di©, «slthe.r 
throo 01* fow tfooy^azsdl itoUar^j if a:ii© will ft^y wiU> ii* 
durijtf i85r iiX'eti^^yiii^ «g ^■5«Js•'t v^orry ^^Ixml Mni^^* aefcirrln^ 
to tb« »j»«« c*?04!L@i©n i^b% t«*5t,ifi@4 ea 6jr©»» ax6»Riiii'':ttl.en *.t« 
foXlowBi »llko ^r&s siSQi.'il?!^ Anr*is» I v'rutiJi^ ♦Don't ncola 
A&niQ*« She 0-^*ldt •Aimit* ia my bctst t>i«tiiii» c*M whea I 4l« 
X int^rjd to* X ar;ireM to laay© Ms tti^tm or four iiiou^ajEKil 

afid h€3f si^'^.'tdr i^er« taXki«i!; to Uwn^ J&e^d^ Hi® iattsr ^'&id^ 
•that She feaa agreed »ith Asnie that if nh& a|yre?«x^ te >'*t*y 
auring l*€;r Aifctiese, to gi'r® Mr f-hroo ©r four tli:c;»i*«Mi4 
uollar®f if »he sjtayed with hoy diaclug t%&t lifetijse.* Tli« 
0ii««:^ «titfi©«« aX»o t8atlfl<5«l tiK.tt U|^<»t a i3u,l»a«>^^w€int ocoaalon 

thow£;!«4 4oXlar«» If 0}i« i^tayed with h«» diiarini; her lifoti^id** 

It io «^vii«nt frCfK tlie tesit3Usi>ny of tiila wltpj»»« 
thrit in reiiting tioi A%ii%^m»nt9 trnj^* by Mrs« Bo«d aJsks dki 
not imwR to be ur*dcr»tt>od m testify Ins t»V;t ls3?»* rieu^l J%*id 
atjtted thitt »iie jiad ngT&^d to ?U^« »j'f<fliee &n mricctrtala 
aatouftty Ml t^jOU) or $4,<>00, but tullussT that Sljro* itood luid 
3tat9d t".n tdsount oertaln, which i^^m eltJisr 0;^,OOO or $4|>0DC^ 
and tlKtt the seooi lection of th© i^itrjcus &» to th» preoimt 

ttiaouttt ?>^?vte4 by Ur*. Se€4 ^vi^u unocrti&fii* 



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B6©d lrftlftwt»ly Tot about thliety y<s^iS?«|i &Mi he^d liv«4 naajr 

ter tor ©Igl'it or t««s yoat^j ths^t aho Iia4 knotm affi-sello^ 
to* i0 or i?0 ys/iiraj titat upotj oae o<K5*i^lCfit l^xs* ftaeik » 14 
that apf«li<Mii liad Timsn »& fatth.f«i to !ifraf, if &pin^il§it» -^iOisXd 
8t«y ??itJi Ix&tf sbe -iioui^ g4vi» iH"'f<>^-^«« l^ljjOtsO^ that en a 
flyj>a«^i^nt ood^oilon tlra* E@i^ f;ol.cl hs-r tfc^t if at.>j:.®jt.i9® wauM, 
a^*fi« to »tnf ^ith h)»r wistii ttiiti p&«»«Ki a'?sstfi aij« <st>uiU l^&m 
aj]!|;*®lX««i |,'^,»00G, that otve fmtl d^oldM te liOt ■i^lXl %© i©.;t»« 
i!kPP«3li«« tMI sisouiiti tM% «h« I'^eqy^wtly Iwid other qokv^in* 
«»atiani$ wltJi i»a» B»M i(f<N«ft-0tiirjiS %M m^iim {H*b^.*®ot imlteri 

was the only ^je la (i§.:*ioii Mrs* Itesd s^NsrjtioniKl tfcd afi»sninl ^5li# 
wa« S<sins to give apf^Jisse* 

Etta F</»t«r t«?!itlfi«id il^&i fthn h^d fre^iues}* ooa*- 
v&X'ft&tlojos vvlth UtB* Ho^a .^5%>ow% af;p«i5de, m-inS ##fej'rtng to 
an oao«t,«il<]» »fcH&\it B m»n%h» %f^%&» to th«i deaili ©f I4j?a« H«M 
Kitfte^iS t«i;tll'l9d t'm^t Ut»* Tkt^ miX-M *A!mi« h^m tmm 9« 

fait&fUJl t@ fS)0 tl««:i>t tl^ W(!i(j^fi X p>li4 Iv^f 'twill r^t «<N^|>«»rSil^t« 

HiAt 3?i0 baa done f&r iixig I will ie^ir® Mw ^^tgOOOg If «5h« 
r©sBaln« -fsrlth K»e to t-tt** ©M»* tlni^j wltfig«jBi alud t««tifl<»4 
t^i4t r^tnitiiing to h«* »sX.--«tlv©# bTrfs, il©#d ai^/lci ««« al4n*t 
oa*a a- »ii>\p of lie-;? fingOir f&^ tim f0X!:vti»««i tivit ftha liati 
ROt «d<m i9C.«t of tmm t&T -ftK*x»i that app«lld« yeft« pjr#«i$nt 
ui^'On t&*t ottoaai««R ami tfest JIjp«s.« Bsdd r^alnted mt tingear at 

gol»S to ir«\*ii:ri ii»r 4M £Oliig t« <30Bi^ia««mt« hrsr for ull fih© 
feaa dons for mi^* 

Olur^ D»lanit t®«tifi0<i ttet ujion an oo^j-aaiotn *b<>y.t 
6 aoatha h9toT9 Siro. Jfe-jaa*?» 4«atii, \<iii»n «pjvsiltte Tf*A» prnfl«at 
Mrs* Rc?©d ««id Anal© -^a ttiteay* a Vojiry f(tithfui »-<«i?vant|| tfeniit 



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tffoifltj but oolI^t^fM hoy r««%«, ieok ai^»® ©£ U«« i*«jnt.ing of 

li«-r u»tJil death* flih« w^a?| i^-nv© h©T |3)|Of50» that «h^^ Jw.d 
AlT4i^^ miiA4 h*r will t© ttmt «fi'®9t» 0l:i« fiartfe^ff te5>tXflM 
that Mw»m M^d h;i<J spek^R tQ t*^^ mom U\^m ono« -ahoui -bi living 

j||'pali.Mi* iRj^J^td %Jk\t tlj^ f?s^^^.a Ql^im orlgimlly 

nth th« <3jls^4R ?;iub.-5«'i;iuautl«f fil04 "fes? sppjlXo® eiM ap©^ ^hlorfe 
Ui® hftcurinj* i?4iii« ljJi<t ais t« ^.Ui-^gsst %i^«t rtj?|*«il3.«i! h^A ^httt&d 

thuj» dii!ici'®',51t«d thf 4«CSQp^tt3f ef f^ oiaiJB swsd up«a» Tb»- 

■To '3oyvioe^ r»r.u!S.r®d i^ ^l.i\%^%nt t,o Aimie BrfSd %q h9 oofc>» 
pi>naat«d tcr by S^c^asy to oL-AiMmt for • , , . , . . . .»t3,G00«O0»» 
IRiile thl?» oialia, an tlAJ^i roor«3ali4t«4t <3I4 rict in t<*ra^ rofs'.r 
to an as*s*<&B>siit tif Q&nim^% b^tr^mn th« partl«®^ It aliaoat 
««v5gsi8.^.yiXy larpliM the sj^i^jtejis® ©? s» soKtr-«f.0t or fs^ftj-etsssnt^ 

of 8aaffiGi.»Rt *ipitfi©afi0* to aff^set tfe« fei«rit» oi the s-ii»0* 

olir«ues9t<!im>e» oo?«»®afnlfts the «c;4sjttli5$ r?jXi«it4©i«i b^t'sw&sn th» 
j-y-girtSoflt, tii«t3P vU^po^ltioa i-^si&i C'OBsluot towfjjFd nAeh cth®*^ fRiwJ 
tjw9 ohujf^Qt^t and «xt»Rt of the nsrfUiwt p^tf'OTimd by ^ippclladf 
not fer the pufp5>«»e of -•awthoirliBln^ a -r^oovearjr I33? api>«ll©« on 
the baal* of a ■■.3U&i;r% j)g i| ,a;^^}pui.t> ss^t iiprMftllaat ifitiRj*td»^ but fer 
tfa# pwrj>oa« Q-f «SKabl4ng %hn ^ury to v*«i^ tfee ie»tliRHSHgf of 
UhG ^it&«a»^f in %h& liijn.t sf <:ill auo£( JT^etd ^%nd cirouiis$t£mc«ft« 
tNi voiituiM i0 ii»iiiy thi-!-t- If tJie j'-jtrtlen imd hmn atyange-ran or 









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:'i' .. , • ■ •■ . ' - /./,., C: • ;.> .;;:!'.. r--.^' fi;(-;.? 

' . 'V; , _ vr,, . , r,/;-; .::/,,.•{?_{,, ; M . vtii 

. . •" ^" . -"^ ■:'■' \^ I'-'- .j&>M*ifl*.i 

,j '■ ^ ,.:.i,r;,-. ;■■;-■ ,.::*.•."■. . I. ' "^i-lij] 

■'■■ ■ ,:■'.■ \, ■, :.. ■■ .^ ?rif* iv'.J-., i\i-- ^■^. 

• ■• > , ;..•■ •:fn -,.: '■■ !%". vr^r 'v.lJ '^^1: *<Mi 



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f«r IJy«» Heed ^ijrpQ^i^flt #0wi<5 iiav« ^©ea tiwlc*, to ft¥-iHil hl«»* 
a«lf of I4ie evjftttftoe of ^\iGh fstot« for tii» purpose oi* tiff^ot-* 
lag tih0 oafti^aifciiity of th^5 3Tit,ifi&»ffo» «ja3l0a t.y &pfx©lAe©» 7l"id 

oircusMitaBe** aought %& be teMuoed by appall®® ■.?«« ©ore f;-»-voy» 
able to i;»:^p«llant t4i*j» i«i« justified* 

the p«5©iiK|>i©fy iftistriwatiof^ t^HilsjpM by ^ffienimi 

act detfUMi-iJisfole by t.li® oraxt ai^l "m^ pr©i.#yXy snxteitted t«^ 
the <ii3ry» 

law appllcebl© te th« sai»« t^ith «mb«*t4AStit.l E^ovitaoy, ilt«Sl© 
SB era-l sontjact «uch a« Sit here «.-I3«»gfd a.ni* involm»d <?^r>, 
Ofily tee enfs»rsdd. ?fb«trt it %^ cX^ayly ajvi s'atl^f.fxoterlly r^ovsm 

fr<K*f fey 4*. f-t^p*:!e^\0r'^-Yvm <ii th^ miidm^m* 

&» lRmiffioi«fit ifs Itn^lf te ®«liSib.li«h ^te«J ©fal apraepsnt 
r«3il@a i^-on Isf iifpoll©«j| tlmite l« tS5tttedi%y of aUmt wl%ng>©«*«» 
whiflii^ 11" true* w\rp»fit«d iha Jus^ in flmUne tji^it Mjr»» fte^ 

with is®|p ctuTirsg lv»t l*f#ti*»et ^ht* sK>wid bcitueatfe to appell®« 
13000* Arx-siJl©© ^*«« »0t, a <30iK|5«teKt «itj(W5it« la he»r oven 
l)ehfU,f, buf: it in oXesrly ©atablishod tUat «h© llv«w^ with 
Ki?«« BemlK fot a 'parlcsd of SO ym.xn and d\mUig the latter' a 
litQtimOp anJi that aurinc all oi" t^iat r?M?lo4 r^crfoxKed aeiv 
vlcos if or y?hioh «hft w&ef>« nsoslvsd by J*«5» ■^«r« i;xiilef{uat«* 
Stat«ei^flt8 imde lay Kra* iteed to tlva ©fft^et tii«t «h« had «c*'«3«a 
to slve app«ll©« t:}pO^> b«04StiiAe %h& l«tt«r had bo^a &ixi wa» 
to faltbfwl^ ur« not t© t>ft lesimt«4 ssojMjly to ft ayi^athetlo 
aod ^snevolont <ll8t4>9ltioa on iior rart tomijKt npix5.U««» but 



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fordsci. by hey tuja^tMcmshlp* nu%0i^^m» ^ Il3f#, Jfe>«<i «>? to 
to fociV«- b«eii ted« ^ i^iisif is tJtis Fre-^'^tJ©© #£ arf^ii^®, ^.nii th» 

court iiad unttex ocjyafJid^irAtioa *. 4<Ma0^?feat ?itell<iy er;^! ^jp©»«. 




i'A net vmrr8.nl9<! Ijs' tfc« #^iaer80«» 

The mr&rd of sm ^meutiim ii.g^lm% the fevialaisttatey 

32 in., 4^j 4l%ffg vt t?^v^^^.^S^^ ?4 111., 173, 

A« f>© ©rroir irit^srvar^fed rri*>y to the «Btry of timX 
^ud^mnt Xn tto Of»a«> r* SQfeiro f^i^las .le sy^vgj w4U not bo 

proffer jMwgiwJjt, m wbovo iRaictsted, wr^n ttio fsraict* iiSMr 

nwtmm^ Am mmwmi nm mmmwm * 






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89 • J9471, 

t. 0, VASCi:^ 0. lU HAR71 ..sM 

Oo»fiiT%nctnhip, / ) EH^TOn TO 

\ / } Of CRICAOO. 

\ / 

\ / 

Thiff 1« a suit by j i.:if!t.iff«» l« firvot isgf^Jnat dc.f€»fe» 
dnnt ia rrtor to rseover t30^ . lis.^od to t>» vUi© foy off ion 
tent for ?fn>rusry "iad Mai-ci^^ 193,J?« Defendant io «rroir fil^a 
h@t Gl-'im of ss^t'-oft. A tri-l by ^ury In the ltunlc4r'«l 
Court Jr««ult04 in a ^j^rsSiot ami ;^u4g»snt in f^.^oi' of dtfemtsnt 
in error y^^en h^v «3iHJL» of 8«i-off for t34»03. 

?h« ^^it 1« p?eclJ;«.^t«d Oft ti5« eJ4Jl» of pli*iiitifXi» 
let error that aeffsinannt in tsrror »^^o«d to pr*.? to Mi&m |1I5 
rer Konth for n t«i?i6 t^eglnnlng Hay i» i911» issivt f*ttfUn^ Ajprli 
30, lSXii> as r»at fo* «|>«e« in e«rtnin offlcnf? of wMqIs 

error bad ir#fui$»d aad fg^lled l^o tmkM r«iyiBertt« for tlii* Siontlis 
of T^htwitf siud fercht iSia. So el«.tJB i?* i&4<«» for th^ mitith^ 
of AjNTi-i^ X€4":f for Up^ ,ir6A?v<m t&At ii©f«n{t«tnt in «rror traeatM 
th« r-reais©* la the minth of Ktrofe stt th« r«<5U«»t of rXaiutiffa 
in erirojr* Bef^^mififit in ojror'a 3«t«^.'ff J*? br^aedl «roo tJ«« 
aluisk th.it the obliitatlor. to j ay ll& f'«r «onth a-^^-ius^d by 
hfirnvilt unA othnro u«lng «5'ae« in ^h^ offioaw smch not abrtoiuta» 
but t-iereXy ccntin^rentj tU^^t rXI ©f t^it |.«r»oni», lJvcl;»Jlog 
pAn|jatlff» in erroxp ^^he ?>ocuf>l«d Bfito« in ttaia offioftft, had 
fi»n*.«?r«dl into i%a r«ii,reeK«ist, ?.'h?>risb>y e^fcoh of «».'ild f«trson« uhouXci 
pny tX5 ^<^r soatli to pXr^intiff In arttit^ Vanc«, And that Ut6 
*a£5ir«g<at« ©f th« i^ot«nt» ttiu» ivxia to uiM »»b«?uX4 fet appXisA 






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1» t^-<? f>v&i^% this ^if.gr^eat© ;9»5u.?st rftcj«4v#^ fey ^-i.tmrn ^hmild 

txilMling fj|» p©3r mm%ki ^^^ ■■Mi§mlm% in »r£m it.Mt mii^ 

piifm0n%& m mtm ^33? Mr mm in mamm as imit x£B. ir%t , f | mi>^i:^ 
of tent (And effioft i^xi-mmm ^©tu^llr i«^urx^d .iRd p»i4 foir 
the «i^TOfi MJnth® .iiiiriMg ^hiefc «im ©ocmpita «rf«^«» %n tm 
offiomi tlmt 4^imdmf: in ^wtm*» SM. Ji^M «*^^« of su<?li 
®.x0®©ii #a« about f.,^, ab twm%&nim t-t*^t®<?.# t.h© v^rdiat 

far |34«0iU 

Involved i« cao^# ;i,r*a coRflSeti^g, smi ^«, sxa mt .U?i|-e^#4 
to hold tirtat th^ v??rin«j% 9h&u:m he a^i ji^id® .%-a t^ir^g gj,of]K 

JUiigs«ftt ::xr» not &yrr»3rt«d l>y th« <5V,ld©oc«, th^ »>ia ir^ta- 
tenc© or pi^intlffs In error r©l.tt©« t© th^ qw^stticsi ©f 
proe©4uxo. It i« 4a^istft« %in&t tfc«» tyl&i em.i-t ir^rop«rriy 

froBs the fil«»,, upon tm grcurj^ ttot it au m% &%at« f.^ota 

conolunicjja. T}j« r,ffidf,vlt of 4«*f®n*« i« not a*^f«Btiv« for 
tb« reason urgoct. An ugytseiseAt y;%a wr-t «p in tho »fri<'i»vit 
or ,iftr©»*0 wJ'.icij, if tn«s, iriTClvecl -.uj io.,-t;4ry In th« n.-.'^upo 
of i^.n aooovmtlng bi>tw«<,m th<t |;.i^jfti««, -^-hich^ if it ...rlciea 
Gn a book tHoaount, my rrcpcrly b« h«.^rd nisd .;l®termijwjd by 
t.l>«) liuftlelr^l Coiort in nn action of the foiirth cX&nB^ 

Section i7 of .a Act In regard to tlio ftctioa of 






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aceotint provides tmtt j'u^t4c«0 of th« p8f»o« ?»l[v:v2i hv-ve 
^uri!<>(!totiofi in <^ll .-^ctionf on hook u<5©ount8 >vh<^ya the 
a^esiouat of %h« iKal&jioe o^lng to Ut** i^l/^^iinti ff «hfill iiot 

o? th« ^\*niolpii Court A-at proylite^ thrst this ju^lad 'action 
of th« Kunicir^tl Court is 03.ii*«» of th# fcairth 'Dl-'i»a ^h'.Xl 
liioIu«'^« •,iil a©tioK» «ad r-rocsoft'ilKfe of -^feiali Justices of 
tfe© r«»ad« ^^.re BOW glvaa jurlf^^ietio© \>f ly.w S5««5 ^thlofe ;*r© 
net oth«rwl»« ff^'sri^evi U?r In thi8 ^,ot in ^icb ol«a» of 

not •%mmA ^n» ii»c«4«an<S doXl,-:i« (|l,c)00),* A bc^ok scoaia^t 
isjit fey «r ©li b^iialf of ;rl.4nti?f« iJi ^rrojr w>s« relied upoa 
by t.h«« to est^iteiii^fii thsir «l«Ui» md *h« o-asso .-»« isr;ia« eisiy 
cot ij^'rof^^riy fee feeJ4 to l>€ s-m ^-etlGR on ho<&k E<>oouot« 

Fiai3»tiffs in #J3ror hiwifig; f Jr®t broK«o tun A^jrea* 
^9Bt teiUi .;4«femia)eit ia erxtijr^ by doc^^iilaji ii*r to vaOfxt© 
th® 'f ■s'^«i««» {** ttift 6n4 cf th«s- i^l-sventii m^n%h>f ns:'& in no 
poRitlea le a»ter5,iKi « forf©ltur« ^f imt i-i^-lita uMer the 
4gr««iis€nt b*5e»u»« afe«t fftlli»a t© jiay i^iitai f©r the twelfth 
»&at&. Xn ti5l» view «>f the «©««# th« *^bjiE^?0tlR« iirgad t© 
lUe in^truoti^tai ii iMiBt#is/<bi«0 



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mMxmm irni mtmon of the ecnii^. 

X <iiJ *^w -iw aijL* -A. o> 
UanioipnX C^yjpt hf phi-intitf in (terftir j* git Inst dM«?fisila,ji'l i» 

a« garaiiSM*! to rO'eovwr tt,'% .::sii«fjSK'l t® b« m^ t® pi:?. Int Iff 

-tjfisil fey %}m ot>u3f% r©»ult«4 in n I'irsdlrtg In favor ©f def»rir!^lit 
in Cfrroy Sfcaut j^M if* furtli^y f im-llniS %l:uat tJi® ,iprfilKJh«i!« pas 
ini-.l«bted to f,irm in tlii^ •»t«a oJ* |l6jilv'55,eO« J<^ljp>«irit wskS 
■■■■'; ?a aguiiASt piaintiff iix ftrir«*ir lis l:j«vir ©f lii« .^stiom ss.tKl 

Tlifl ORiy ?»?»tti,3jaK^nt of erjpejp which 1« ojpgWBdi ixiui 

J|u-df;5Kent ur© c^fttrairy %o tim l&«5 a?vi th<?> ®irld#iii»«« 

l«««e«rti ©f ttee Hotel Ai.'baiKi .►^t Aj%nlr;ton« i^X«il>aj»a| tm^ea? * 
l9t&m «xplrlfig July Ij^ ISQ©^ %M -^^re a la© th« ^■s^fitBera of. ihm 
fujrnitvr©, ftiirnl'fihiajija rmd v^teek of sood« In tji© Jioiel* ttie 
hotel pKoruyty wji« 'O^trnd by tli« Aani»ton Hotel Co»,i a oo»«» 
pojreitl«ftt of nhiQh moat of the ^|-^f0« of a«ook '.«i©r« 0iviMt4 l^ 
Ziiui* Plfi^intiff ij> c ror b3« thtm. and had been for r^-my 
jre«jf» 6 hotel broktar in ChiofogOf aai iffun 8scf.iloy«<i \>f Biuhbn 
ivasi Eean to a«ll tlujir l«sA»«-4ioltl in^nreat in jfsaid feoisoli, 
iosotiisjy ^Ith tho furnit-up©, fiirnl«hift(:;a &m\ otook contaliwwl 
therein. Plaintiff In r;rror irf>i!i«n%«4 tho rfopo«i*-ion I,© 









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lEard^n, who ^ta tl^^m th© ^m^r ^>g^d leasee sf «©y#y#,l tmt®J, 

»»i<l« fey l?l-^.i«tajrjt la isrjfot* Warden w^« ii^iuo^d te go t© 
Armist@« fo* the ?-u?rr.o«© of In^^^jtif^itiftg lisa mixm* UpQu 

rrojpoaitioRt mvm in the r«#r®<3t th.ai h® 0?>i»M ©bt^^in n© 

the i<»4a« fo,r a !>?5rii9d ^f f if« 3^m^r«i', ©y for notm like 

mt^ %h^n Mt^r^litis -ifey^fctd ans m«s fsot 9xr?»«t«4 to jratwra 

*m9 |ir«K{i,4p«at and ^vofi tfes tv^t^ijm of Waireton to Ohioag© ite 
«rot6 to 7>lnn rQ£,|ti«?Rijing t*^ int.frrvi®^ nit& ti^© iattejr at 
Chlsw£Ot ll^>im f®<j&ipt of tlj«» Istt^y at SeattI® or \%jiaoywr, 
Zirm arranged to ptop is ClkiOv.ij^, "^hesre he .^rylv^?J in Jun«« 

to feuy 0\x% Btvim^ (im K&imf it m oeuM moujm #jft extras itm 
or th© l&am, ©lit? ?,iim ®;«|,ir®»88(i hU^ Klinim limit ii^n to ffi:ii-' 
toatl or f:rooiijre an 0J«t^fiiii€»» of the 4©.a«« u^a«:?0a mi3?aoii 
■ vsouid i^rsiuisd th« ai^»^-sre0 ©r ^il^ook^i wiiicli glmi then 
in Um GOTpov^tion* TXitim th«M> intn^y/Mwm plaintiff in 
«jr3?©ir dlrwtod -his «ffort« !» jwk att^ser* S© iml*.j!©« Sinn to 
erant iifi ©xtonaion or m^i- l«^iie «» d4»3BK^mi«?i by naopden* Th© 
ft«gotiation» tii©B had b«?t9?e#a the i^ttiptio* itia not reisult 
la afiy H/iyeoaent, Rirly la Jtiif, foilowlng, ^ifdea, a,ooo»- 
pimittd by i>l/aritii*f ia ei?f©t» again fwjnt to AR.ni«icm wher« 
tim p4jrtii»« r&mMmd nasotiatiana .'Jong tlii> najs® iirsen, c^nd 
Oft ^ItUiy 8iJi thmo na^otUKtiom re mltsc^ in tl:^® pujfcJaiis* by 
fajpdfin firoR 0tub^ and Kftj?tii of *jte fiuroltAirOt ?\irnlftJilft(;» 
a»d «took of 2©otl« th#n Ir. tlja hot«l for t^^iGpOOO, anJ t.h« 






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•Jt9mt%i«ii W ZiXM aadt ^^^jkI^i ef nn optifun &m-itmi&% far thm 

»«il8 t© till© iattsy of %h& eiiarig» of «t«©k O'^ru^d fey ?!iim In 

Sy ti«i ts^fcia of tliiw ooatrsjOt ^lim agr©«si to «Wi.ii 
end aeiiver to Wi*raiEmt ai ^my tiwas stfioi" BO tiay» froas desiriiKii 

£3i »fear»« of a*0ok of tis*^ tj©.rj'>0rekti©B for fXi^'S ji^ap »fe,&ro.# 

»«iii4 amount iiili^ll t)& dx^aii&di c^» $^ «^^l^i'«pt.%9 #.£^>imtf if 
t^ 3r«^*i*lM6fr iii pai^ prior to l^ijptsfc 1» lO\Bf i^rai if ft&id 

*ii« Il-'juid.nti^ci dco'&sgdft «yatt l'Ciirft4t0a to ?.i«»i> ami tiia oon*- 
tr&at ^aii oaasr^ jiJBd ii^t^jrijiijaei ttm% %itm mmXl K?n-f« t*i« 
cqt^tion to i't«li¥e3f 30# or oisy is>a« rsuRil^^r^ a-.i^UtiorirvA fsl^^re* 
dt iij<? «aa8» j>jfi«:^j to b^ p»id f<»r fey ^'ii^^en on ©*' b^for* 
Mareii lj> 19C8« Tlie cosstrjiet i'uirtii^r r;r<3vM«« %hnt ut^^R th% 

i»t©olt, <*iacl of d^rtnin aot^* of feli© ts&n'^^sa-jatlcsot asgrfei^^tiRs 

d l«oli.:i,rgo4 a orirtaiR «»ortga§o «;X0Out«a by it four |;iO,eOOt 
2i^a weulJ loan Mi naid C0s^:oraiiim t40»00(i for five ytstjara^ 

oof'Ojpatioai tfeat ftaici ^43Ki©n afoi^jLi jmy f<w »i^id ^ln'.tvn of 
eteek on oje* ?j^fot« MiX-eh *, J?xB, or on fitilure «?o t© do 

Sl&a »a or b^fo^re J >»;ti^;jqf l» Vit^^ it ther& ia to "m u t^ilW* 
on hi© putt i'O %iik@ and j>ay f&t aal<a s«h»3'«Mi of s»tt*ak| %ta%% 
Zitm aha XI ©bt'sla th« ^^ It ten ^wni^ent of tho corr-orf* felon fosr 
th« ttfiinafe* of tl;*© X^uabo ryoft Ri^bl>«s 41^ Ko^tis to Ward»»^ smd 
shail also obtaia the Ilk* oonsent o? said <j©3npoy«ttott tkat 
ao otitef loa«« ^ ai.a» t?iUiou(t tii.« oor^sni of Wi^;ru«ny uul«;»« 



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ot mxM i&pttoo com^jrc^et ^ Zimt ami t??vjra«ri, Siwi ei^v*? to 
plwittiiff in t$.^ir©jr a oh«ttk f«>r |1UjiS| &i*^i ala© t.^an executed 

ti&tltHj thv fu.ilii of By fst-o<?fe ii\ the Aftr4»ti?n Hoiel OOKi-.-ny^ 

Ar«nie»ton» Al>/«i X h--'r©by •ijiype^ft to ray yai % dcitfe-®i«»;?lofii of 
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Aimiaton. Ale, 

^i^ 1» tte ^.gr^^gsaat wiyfrn '^hloh tfel* fiiiit i*' 
.brought* Following the putotsium by ??jsriiis» on Ju5.y Bf X'vQl^ 
of the furniture^ fujrninhinge ^-^sd ^%mk of good* iii ti^^ h«t«X, 

l^ Mk iif ftaid i^liair«« ©f st<KJl^! a? ?.)ie oorpojmt ion, W^4j«.l®a wsiit 
tut© ponQismim\ of tijt© l*s>tel« On Tjm&fiimr 31 <| i907# ifejpijitii 
a©tlfied Sirm in ^^ritiiig ttet fe^ ^isoiir^M i^© tf-ke tit© afe.fif«» 
of 8to«k R©rsfelc>fi©d is tha option agy^^-sseat of Juiy 8» 3L^>C7» 
audi tlvit h© ^csuld forfeit to s;4an tit© tSfOCXJ p«ild tl4«ire<m» 
att lliiuldistdd d*iej<ii;©« f&r hUi (m^pa^n*®) f««i2.ur« to teke aaid 

b&«aB imiv^tsd fe^f Uio fact tlist^ fsiXo^'^iiig th© option ac/ntj?*«t 
of July ^0 l^ff, tn« City of Aimlaton lii..i &©©<««*© ary territory, 
M^ UIr q jt{i«(iU0Rt belief that tho {nuro^m^e by liln of « 
aoritrolIi»|i Intersat In th« corior&tion <3«j tfee ttrKsa a^^^fsHid 
v^^xm *«>uld tjo a losing vaatur© fs<m u businoaa fttundpeint* 

until the 05Q>lr'vtif>n of tli« lO^ea e*ii»ting l6«.«« frfi Ju5y I, 
19€6^ ishea he wftt rvraat«4 an extension of t.ho l«?i«« by tfo® 
cio^po^tioii for another ymATf ai»d eontiraisd t© oo^s^py Ui» 






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b$ti«e0n 7.lim aivi WMfdoii with a 'srieir te a sidi-tX«5«seat of tht^it 

fural^in(»a, ^to** In tbs ; otsl t*« ^inn, but tJ^ f^l'i«>• ;»t 

i»»\d«quate b^r m4rt!«m. Slim -^Xsjo th«n prope«*8Ki to isell hi» 

w«r0 wial>l« t© ttgr^e upm a prtos» Durins th« 3E^en«teIS0y of 

the oti^or in sa ^ffftjft t© i^irsniire ii eub?^tantiel ikdVvUitago* 
fard»a t&r«&%€tn«d to 3l6«t«^ ^fi^t.^sr U&%»1 property ift tiite 
city of AnnifttCiW ami to iK0v« hl« li«ot«i fiMrnltui^o and f",ixni«lw 
ing» into nuab ottae^t hotels ^nd fey imy ©f a oauntuf is^vop^nt 
Zinn put«hft»ed ^Oim t^eovn^limd Mt.^% fxmxitxim ^vd furnish- 
inpSr with a vi©w to re-or^ning ■*-h« hotel in t.!tas»tife», s>hes 
ta4Pd«a ifaoai«a %M 0':scsd, FinraJy, tj-arwigfe th© f'Orfiiufisivo 
influsnoe ©f eoiae eitiaaris of JUuii^toAi^ aoting -^fitii a viim 
to ««o«ri?ig a eontiisuf:*!*©® ©f t!j« ^^"^iimgitisaa-tit of said luHil 
\ff Warden, e^;«ili :yf tho {•■••tytiea wafi ied *« ^-^ith^tiraw or imOiUfy 
«oine of liiij dflr3itfu!i»j| ^M titaafeur^CHfif ©« Oetofe@y 13, iOOS, tii« 
p^irties «ntc?a4 Into an agy««r)e«t, in ;rnb^:^?anc«, as foilow«l 

•Riifl contxi^iot P2;,(^e una entefed iotc by iiv.* b<ftwo©n 
Wbu K, Zinn, of Annii^ton^ klr-itmmi, &ns'. FyjArik 0» ^irden, of 
K©?...rk- Ohio, Wit.jiaoflothi 

•Th^'t, ^fhrrena, tiier n*tid 5:ia» hnsi b;^rg(t. lrj®<l and «old fee 
Btiitt ir;Hira«n bB9 -■^ltnr©« of th& e:.p%i.--l .'i»toofc of Uv& Aitni;»tor4 
Hotel Co^x\ny for ^iJ^S-rGr fth^re, .>;'jFyrc?f,atlng t3B,L'*5»0C) t© 
be p.-.ia for *s» ^'oiio»«j S:>,000 In c>Aoh oxi thr? ©xecuiion of 
|hi3 eontraot, 010,000 tm or bofor« Jvtmi«ry 1, Xi)!!^ vaa 
|ai.iar»»ao on or bclor© J :fw-.iry 1, IfJl'-, the defers^d i^ ■y«^>oytt« 
to b© evi l«nood by tbe jXOBiiaaoiry no?-«a C fii»3 «aid ^''.rvion 
bearing even vkit^ h(3ir8f.'il-.h .^jvl b<).;s-ins intftroat frcm dst© 
;*t the rat« of 0-> lor onmoti. On tbo ^-^iysaent of tiio aot,e 
i'or |ai,i;!r»,00, !<;:?«% ff.aiiaft uue, t.he ©:'>,id ?;inn ai'^««« to 
(;ire a orodit of *5,090«00, 'vith in'^ereat t-iortjon rjp<»6 thi** 
date at th« r^ito Ojf C.'/> i ("jX- - nnurt, bf:'in': th«i - taount :-<aeto» 
for« paid by th© sni;! l^arctien frv- - n nptitm on JnU^Qk of fiaiti 
2 inn in a^iid Hctei Oos^.-my* 






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•It l« furt!»o» ftjfjreed %Ym% Urn G«rfeifioat,©«i for c»i*i<i 

.?'S6 !^!-;.*^jree of "Hook rih-'-iXl be dfli:'0«ii«»,S in the Aajsistoii 
S-^tloniU B?t4ik» tD tw u^livereti to tfe,© »i*.i4 iv^i^iFa^tn cm the 
full pi^yiacrnt of Q.Hid, prt^^^-'.-itf ri©ta»# as »T»iri! deacrib^di 
but it i« further .'*£ro«43 ttv%% m-^id a«rtifle»ta« of nt<s«;>ii 
shell I'C&aift in t]i® naise of the fr«seiit> ftto«ikiioIiit:?rs, aa 
they Apj.-!CftT 01^ tiae? '^teok b?^JOk of •■«^-.?..ici Hotel Oor^;-. -^syt -ith 
the riijliti to b« vot,«t:i >:^ thcii^ ..^.t :.ai 4!-.e«tl.«^ ef Uio ^j^iook*- 
holder® until f\iil r. '■iyf..:erit for tha m^s^ iina bf ^ esacJe by 
UUi maid t£*.riCtt« 

•It in toxtimt agreed thitt thiysre h&a b«-©» i|«^ise4 and 
sold ojiiy soil ?yiy\fm cf e^xpit^d j^t-ock ol' paid Ilotul CojKpi;)^i 
'?.nd 50 shcire« of tli** &t€tck of paid ooic^^.f.ny ii4>.« l>#«sii i««tausa 
m^ deroftited c^e GOll^^cre.i n^cutitf fojr ft loan tif.mt&fora 
tsidSf >^»ri »fAid 21xm Uersl^ fsgr^^a on hi^ r^yt to vot# ti^t 
said iias atj.iye.ft of ftiUcl ;5toafe iJO i^iold to ^ttta Watifien tt;;Air»it 
any propoalti«>n to St-^aue or mil ai^y ©th^ otoot uj^til'tUt© 
it^id fttock he;rsia d©iaoxib«i4 h;a,«i ba«a pai«S for ia I^JIX fey 
thd ©aid TS^n.rd««. 

•It in the ■;t«f«5ii'© of tli0 ^.%id ft^ievleft tk^t tM- «ijld. lion 

Hotal G%wirpj.'-«y yntil ^ai-;l j^took h??# ^^^i r*ii* f«y«* 

upen by th« |mrti«« rn^n r^nt^ated into at Armiat^ ami pl&iii** 
tifl" in 0tjr©r *m«i noitij<sjr -|/r«3«nt at mor ra«^tiei|--.at«<l in tb» 
n^^^otiatiomi ^iloh terrdR^t^d in tiiie mtl^ing of aaid agjro^aaftnt* 
Vitncmt doubt, if tiis option oont3m.ct of July 8^ 

- 1907^ Jwidi hami fimaiy csm-K .. :, l>laltttlff in ^ts^» *;ould 
feava been cntltld^ to a eor^siiniion of J?^?^ o« Ui» ai»(Hmt 
:reull»0d toy Zimx rirots the .■*;\le of tM oi^ajf^a ©f j^toek to 
Wi'ii'd«tt, TJf© a*gw»3Rt udVAri««4 by oouiswi fo* i'iefetKkmt 

in errtw, finB^ in a» aKt^i^t td ehow thi^t plaintiff in error 
waJi not iiw»tru*a©fstal In jr«ourlng t^#© <3Jtii<;u«.i<»B ol" tli« o{>tio& 
aontraot of July e, l'*H>7, la wholly ineffeotuia in the rao© 
of !jh« W2pltt«» a£;ir©«rj<>iit nigaii^ l»y 2iii» ©a ttuly ll». 1907» 
wticr«ia Iw! 9j;<j«l!fiC/illy tiokncml^asta th© #©rvioes of plaintiff 
in flrror ?*» having bo«« feh« r^rocurln^ Ci*'^»« of the arnl© of 
tfau s^t^ro« ©f ^^ook %*» i%x'i<m» 

SJi«thojr the oi!»rj^»?«ioa agr» «?»ent of July ll, 1$K)7, 

— in to t>8 limited to Us« «^/tion con tract of July S, 1907, It 

sna fiti«n cffeetuatoa, car whethar i or'«J?ly t>« ii®ld 

^o tiKJlude tlte contract o/ vOctOfl>«« 13, 190&, n&ii^t ti© d^jter^ 
tainod upon a i;orialder»tlon of .11 thtt facta tnl cArou»sta»a3«» 






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tl'ioir* in imthing in thrj. 4vkie?:i8« %amiii55g %q 1j^';.#^<jJj 
tlm so<Ki fttlth ©f ^3^*t«jn in notifying f-lnii of feivi ^ae^tiofi 
n«>t to mn-isf imt tm i^.^m^i:mn% of Jwly Ss» 190'?^ «'iml %© forfeit 
tii« $3#0'00 f*'4i«j feh^re«a mi itquiii^ted <iij»&i$»«s« ^^il® plitia* 

furtlter offorts l^ his; to iiKiu«# ^.-jiKHieR t© «ioi^ly wit;h 0«4d 
agr»ai(ii®6t or to ptJo?eua®e the s^^re® of fsteek Uf,?oa iisq?" C5it4.f3ip 
terr« d-atisraotorS' to Eiim ^i'Otilri h^ uimvsiXiftgt fs-i<*t«if '^I'Ji 

«5i period *fs lal« act Ji»» SS* i0©©» rela,^':!-*© te t^ i^3?®eucisg 
by piuintlfl" in trrep ©f & pwtQhmm^t f©:r tj^ €«i3@wp#<a of at^olt 

T^bn.i£'-tf$ i9C6» ^'ftsi'ly ii^ai&res th© protebility of ^urd^n 

bft rittii* by plftlnttff In error t« l«du«© iCKSse* p^r^m or rei> 

01ev.riy» tii@ soraiissioa aipresiaeiit «.f July Xl^ i9ii?t 
!'■ rGf^«*5»l^l0 mliilf to tite oy-'tioB cont,i%i©t of Jfyly 8th pr^— 
6€i^ijr^|« «iM la tli« abeoi^© of -tny et44.eiiae terfeiiiss^?, to wbo-w 
tsaiit of eo<^d faliix ©» the jji-urt ef KlwR ©3P W^ydta la faill«{f, 
to conmiiQftele mxid ©ptioB cosfttjpaet, foj? th© piyPiHwe of d^N- 
priving p24\iijt.lff 1ft error of hi^ ciOBStei9«l«n» *h^ istteae 
c^mtot rr©<lloat6 « rifjr»t to recover coimiaalonu wiser aaicl 
©greeRont of July ilth, ..rrf«fly ttp©a th^^ ground that at ©c^rnd 
@ul»ie jufiftt iii«i6 tl'j& ?»a.a® j:'&rt4e« lietu^^liy «»tcrM into i%nA 
c . n«ur?mBit«<J a o<>ntr?»firt for tJio |^^rciia<!^fJ a^d ©fel© cl" a portioft 
of t&d nmm sii^fkx»» of ati]^ole i^niiorit»<i in tim Qpiion csoMr^ot . 



1-5 






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Ootobor iS^ luo©, tno ycujs sad tkwee is^nths «ft«r tim oj— 

the lattfej C0Rt.ra<j^t hiid. In g^'XK-i fsith, be«» forfeited sii&UA 
amituIleU* ?he rir.^it of plaintiff in error to a soKa^i^^sloii 
ujf«j ttiii mile of ttee sateek un'.'mx' th& GC4%%tr^@t of 0=it6b<ijp i3ji 
19094^ i« to \)© ii»c«jrtalnsd atJtl detorEilned, not ^ U>© co»i- 
aiasjioa s^gremssat ef July Xl| ICK??, Isui a^^'Cfi tm ittc^uiry «e 
te v^iic^Ii^T 09 not 1110 wao the <»fii©i#nt tam^se ct the s&ie 

qucetios of faet for %lm fei i&i eetirt ^-nd rf© j;erer4v« ii« .t®ao<» 

for cUatuupfeiag the flawing ef tb^^ sota-t ii|>or. tl'iat ia^am* 



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295 - 1<X»93, 



^TLAS FLOOR COMPPWf, & corporal, i^., 

II>«!feiKls«int in r#os*, ) J.REOR TO 




JACOB L. EEaKI^H, ., / } OF CHIC-^.aO. 

Fialnti.fjpift Error* 

DELIV^:m0 THE OriHlGH rr TtT COIJHT. . . 

■■■■ i-.f -s~ ■ 
In a suit .in«tituto«i Ui th® Funlcipo-il Court \^. 

dofonclant in orroJ? .-ii^.'Uriftt pla.lnt.iff in' <»rT€!HR to r«?cov«y |S15» 

a bftl^noe oir\iraftrt to b& du« fcr l-ibor |;*rfo.rised ttml j^rtte^riaX 

furniahod in ^^.^ylng a oosiblnntiefa floor in a bulMifig cfrijed 

by pliiintiff in erroir» a trial by jury ro.?«i*lt<ad in a v^'Tdiot 

and ju.:i.!5«?*at agi.iin»t pl^ilrstiff in ®xTor for the ■'.^ount of 

the cX<;iii3i« 

?h« oriRy vfhioh a?'n3t.iiutea tijo Qimttu-oi between 

tha p-.rti«9 ia mi fcAloftrnt 

Pittag^e enter our ofi^r for 

tho ronov*in<vS To Atlaft floor Co. 

Ff'b, Xi'^ lDi:i 

To bfi uon*? ;::st once To mi^At& l«t fl s^tore 

116 0. Klcijlg^in 31va« 

Fymiali l.'iy ooisj^owltlon floor, oolor '?tmm^tme gyray }K.irbl© 
fiU'iranteo uniform color & i^^urfaoo ^^oert-.^^in th-'.t oUl «f<'tjioasjn 
floor ir» i?,-^:tinfaotoar/ in cvf^ry «;7iy to l,^y yourf:» on, >:;ur.Hr.-;nte« 
flvtt yearn .<ti«olutciy -.fr-inRt aracklng, bulf^ng or ti is^ in t.«vg ra- 
ting Tcr (5) five years* Finii'^lsecl fleer to "ar-v© poil^ihccl 
nurJTace like ?»a3f5$?le» Oofit t© uh (t'C^O.CX)) rtix hualred thirty 
J0ll;-ri1« 
P.;yinent QOf •• 30 ',*:>ya 

50;» Hhen floor is r«rfo«t3y ttntiafj^otory to un St 

Ooc* HfsfUo e/o ?runyu, 
J, Li I'f^f^rifjr 
By I»a ^« K»ihn.» 

Til© rr^Sii^^ h>'*'^ b®8n lc.^a«t? by plaint il'f in error 

to the Tru£U( ISodical Supply Co»# "'^-d Oeorg^ little tmsxtioimd 

in Irteit oluuoe of tho contraot» «aa ©Kjf-loyod by nald c)oapitny 

to «ui.'orintetKi tho O'.^uipjienl; of iiio j^roisino« for ita bu^uneata. 



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TJ3t« iloog 'mm laid ^ Ict^nMni in ©xxor -^itr^ &m^t&Xf ot Um 
coat price */&» ■pnid to it aa l;-^oh 37, X^U;^-* 

»ct t.-hu floor a« J.Hidl Isjf ci#f«fi4iiir*t lis ©r^o'ir aoim|-li«i4 with 
the 8p®cifi0 rer!uii*©ti«i«l8» of the* cantre^il !«?• tn inr^^oiiell/x- 
ble conflict, tu^t it .afij-:-€#ifa that tM .fi00.r a* X'**M v?a«i not 
»«tt»fa<jtory *'•© P^talsttiff in trr^r s-^k:* %0 lfe,i,lej» ixM that 

*ijfl j5-i!ifu>ia<l to ftoc«pt. tht mtmm 

80 rHsr^mrtc'irjf infitructiciirj wans rs'.:iti«*at«£l. toy pl.-^tetiff 
la error ^itb«r ^t th« ©i©,^© of tfc« 6?l4!@w® foif d«f©ma.i3t 
la error ot .^% tlm <jlo«e of all tli« evident®.,, 

C<mii#0i for plfeiritiff In riryor ft'>y<:«s •f!feorfi *>f .»ill 
extrjii>©oua »®^,ter«» tiie oya© r©c*ol¥«^ lt»^if liitis Um «iJ5^'4« 

a oon ti*ftCift to perfoirm notf^ I© tli« i?aiti0t^9tAo» of tii« otiitix' 
party to tbff oontr&et i%»;>: t© ths is^'itl^ifaetloa o:f m aisintersated 
thiyd pc:>jety, ©an r«coir«r th& v^^lii* of hia »crl;, una«jp th*^ 
contract I when neither tb« otli^ir aontafaotiri^ p-^yrty nor th« 
third r^^^ty is eati»fi«a «?itb tJie -^orti, iit-iut tueh cUa^^^ti®- 
f act ion la b?4»«K.i ui-iOfi mAbatantlaX £ro«fKSJ»j| thor© b<j$s*g »© 
ftiOid in the 6Ji?-r«FasloK ©f difi-aatli»l"ttctioii.* 

Whether or not tM dlftsatiafaction o-f rlointlff Ir 
erro* tmd Unglop with th«^ fioor m L-i^p ^©.a- b^is^d -ttj^oa 
aubfitcifttlal gronwifi wac» ;.x ^u««»tlo8 of f.wt for tl^© jury ^^.-itJi 
ttuf&rQnoe to 2fhloh, s« ^w b.-^^vis iKfrotofor© aaid. Use nvMemie 
ia In Irreconcilable «3or*fllQt|» :vBd ?w» cnn not miy tJi.^t upon 
that i;4(iu« th« v*?riti€rt Of tho ^ury Tf.H!!! ttn^'4*rrant«Ht* 

It l9 aino ln^^tt«4 by r^^i'^tlisf in cjrror th.it In 
ths abafiooo Of .\ny evkiono© ten-ling to ahow tr^^^it th« aotion 
of pi/! int. iff in error «ik) K^jfjle In refufiinf, to ftooept tli« 
*erk wta in:lu<s«d by fraud or ooiilnloR, th« mere f jct that 



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•6iii .•fojrk mm not y^^rt^i'itif «;=»* in factory t© %tBu> pmiylu^^di a 
r«oetveTy by -vRfaiistoiRt In itrf^ati %h"^% ait ^^^fjif^^ttal ^3^'*'^®-;'!^^ 
■r?lt« to the rlEht of r%^^'f^M$.nt in ©rror to r^^eif^j' tmivii* the 
t9rK<i of th« QQ'fitTj.Qt Is tr.at tl»« ^?43PJit shouitl tit^m fmcm i&x^ 
form^Ki to tm puitimt na^titt^mtit^n ^f #»i4 f«.:yti^«9i that th^ 
rule i3ioi»fytlad« afg^iiad in rei3p«f«i to aarsiyi'i^sta g^ti'^uitinf, %tii& 
«@rk. t© b<i aon® to the a.;ati#fs«ti0r> of ars® of th® psytia* tia 

-dQek nhloh would «3tl«ff tile requir^rss^tit® of a m^^ow^bl-9 
wm 1«» 4»ati^ffA0t-cxy s>ltfe4» the i?5fes,iiiii|: of th«! cotitr^ctt Ik 
not appliaabi© t,© th« oontraot ti>=3r© i,?5(f=olvecu 

I'ijBOfiig otii«jp i»4ttnj«3t4t5«» «*o gitfssii t© th^ jttry» m«« Um fellow* 

«Tov8 '.^T© Turthns in^-'ttwatcd tfeiit if y©u fimt frcws t-h®. 
«videne© thnt ih« aefeniisnt ;;'.gref5d io r-ay tfe# rlaintlff 
fifty f-e:r o»?i«f ut the ocntyjiQt .pria© fai- m^wk t^ M d^mj 

thirty d^ya after th>^ weAt© of n-sUi soatrisai, iv^:»Jp if you 
further Simi %u%t in arKl toy ^;li.^ s^Ktrj.not thftreloif t3i^ 'A^f^n- 
iX&n% furtncii' ugrsiNS to p^y to the il-.l&tiff tlie remalnlji^ 
fifty r^y ceat of tlis oon^.x^ot j^rie^ rls^n tli^ coKtract m^» 
i^'ejpfcotly ;.»..:%?: tr'^faijjtory to %h% v7iafi®n„i«fit .rm.! tna o»^ (V-Jorg© 
BugXe, aftrt# If yoti find furtha* fr»Rj th.§ «»i4eja6« th::^.t th» 
pi it\tiff oofl^i'loted ftfilfl CiJ-ntriiOi j^svt eoK; liad ':^itli -^11 it.« 

%© satisfy tiic, ru-ulreiBants aftd .:»Sfi«;^nd» of a .f«»a0(5?ji»b3.d ftiisn 
un^t^r nit-.iJl*x clfc\sa;narM3««^ t^»dr> t£i© emirt in'^ tracts* you 

th^t y<itijp vcrfAiat aiiould fc« for tfc#. |»lalatlff»» 

Tl^iniift in ©yror lAterpcm^d so i^bj^otion to f.liiii 
Insitfuctlon 0© r,ly«ii by tha courts ^n^?. ht ibunt sks>n' b« te«ld to 

let th« ^ibasBnoo of -.ny 45h;5?"{«tloB by plaintiff In 
error in iJao trlr*! court to tlj« in's.tiriietlon -m r^lvisn^ t]r+© 
qu««tlon »6'» «ioufj4t to tKS ri\lAe<l I* not pi-ofteqpvwd for 









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3IK0S ?» GiRt, , J 

PlUntlff in txroTp ,i / n?ROR TO 




cmnhTs H. SEi^PLEf-?, V / ) or cmtr.AQO^ 

oipfil CouTt by plv.istlfl' ift ^'.I's'or .igaimj* d®,f«!trtrtont in «rjror 
to reoover ^300 cl.^dmetd to l?€ .tue plsintlfl' i« erjror for 
profssiaioTi^il le-l^al ?«arvioea in defcsrKiiBg t^ autt ijii'^t-ituiod 
in the Himicipfil Couxt l)iy S. 0, ^:rigbt and U 0. 'ailii?.^«-M 
ag,«in»t defendant la ^rror to reGev^r tm^.! e^tt^i^te brokfjr*a 

In eiTor fojp tij500« In ths pr«»»nt oi^se th^^ife wan a, 
verdiot in favcr of <\af0n>:i;.int in error .-jnfi Ju<l^«i«fit agaijtst 
plaintiff in «r?or for Ov-WJta, 

It i«i <?«i»>j»#«i«!d f.tet tho 4udRBjeat for 11^500 re- 
©ov«]r«d by ?rigfct tmd GiUikiM a£;aini»t, uefemiuttt in tJrror 
w««i thr crush tfc« c?ffo*ta of pl^-^ijitiff in arroir ooisrX'0«ii!^ed 
:aid Jieitl«di and tiict by .icreeiKfent of the pujrtioo oaia j^tU^- 
i&snt wa0 a-?«if;nfid, to pl^.JiwtJff in error • It. la futi^h-or 
conceded thftt ddfsnd.^nt in orror s^civc to pi /intiff in orror 
& oiiOGk for 0CH57 to b8 rj.rpii»d in the i?.Htt*wr ol the o©f>» 
proiBi^0 S8<ltl«i?»ent of 4htd ^ui5*,tsent, 

Piiilrvtiff IB error tft'?tified th«t fe«> finally kw©- 
eeedod in aftttXing th«r ^udgiaant against defemt <nt In error 
for «oe«thii»g leas th/Jii 1900;^ thi?t ha hmd 3<son the j:i;''^tro» 
t08? anci i?r©«UB*fwl they were* co?^r{?ot| but iiu^d «o dofinito 
racollQOtion rof/ijrdinti it; titut ov^^ry thing he .rccaiTCd fjr(» 
aofsndant in «!rror mxfM turrMSd ovar by hi» t-c the i^.ttcrney* 
for Wri;:vht .vftd Olililand» Tl^tj rwoord dlBoIoeisa tJi<*.t %ii« 



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actual «Dn«i:i#rf*.tio<ii p<ii4 hf plx>lniiff lii »e.?;rGir %o 'J^jrigfet 

pi^ii lilt iff in ^tV'iT t© ftif.li tlM9 ^iidji^Sii^jst OifMittims! If iMf 

and that they finaliy ep*.'s«d t.© ®«*ttl«| %'mt phAintitf lis 
•rror afeiA a settieis^ftt souid b« hr'4 for |Sif# l^ dsfemckyit 
in orrot ■^<mld h& -^sbl** t® resist tfeA** mscJv ^osijyj th^U at the 
loist lRtejrvi»w ht hwi witfa plstmtlff in «ty©3f Istafof© F^'-jis^lJ 

tli® 4^'igis#*ftt mm foT |Sil5 .rind, thut tti^r» m\a ao^# 2.ilti« 
ooBtm timsumting to ©ct^^siJaing liicig fllj tte^t pX^listlff liri 
drrot »ald h^. dicin't ^arsl to b® Jmx4 «>n 'sMtiie»«i »»mi it 
^lts©a« wcmld fw^y him I^Xi^ h« wouX4 o,tiiX tt ^f'-fy^rsi tk«t 

i>y r'*»yi»g Saetj uie v^ii«x« trcvj^tnetioti coia4 b# f ii^i«sjiM| 
tiiAt the |a>?? virotild p8ty fitff tr4a Jwip^ent &ad 0©ttl© emiry%hin$, 
ia Aili» fmil« pi.vsintiff in ^rror ta--^%4fi6.ij| ^^jMX.^iay %h%% 
M htid not b€5©a fmid cknytfeitig f«>i' tl4« efirirlee® tumi^f^^ tsy 

aC'SliE^t aettifiiiant In error^ K® '.lid sicrt 4«ei^ th«t i*«s m»4^ %h& 
«tat^r.onta isttrllRit*^ to him !>y ..l^fetviant In #rror» 

It i« iTu^lntciKl by ri='i«tiff in terror th.'it »» the 
affldavtt of ssfsriti* fil««S by def8ifti<i.iit in ^rt&x i.Ud yjot 
aver aa growada of d©f©n«8 UiB% i?ver® Jmd b0«a *;ia ?i,oa«'jr4 
sua sa^.lafactlon of tU« t^Xaiis »u«ti for, or tJi^t th& ml^^im 
of plaintiff in &tvor for l«g.'3tl «cnrlo«o hf.\<l h^&n paiti.» 
fluch gr^^uiklo of daf<sRJi« 'mtti not ttv^ilf.-blo to d©f«rt;:ant In 
©:rror» ftiRd that th« teritiisony of defemiafit Id firror In »ur|.>er* 
th«r«K»f ^"?ta impT&rxiTly <.«xRltt<id for th« scnwideration of tt!« 
Jury. ?l:^int5lff in nrtox lntf!rro««d no ob^eotlon to tli© 
ccispetftncy or relavarwy of ih© t^f^tljsrmy of a«fcrs;.Wnt In Grror 



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plaintiff in atTQt 4a ipt ii?^, aush dli3««ticm i«if^ht h4sv» 
fe««a K*^t fey »ft awuMfa^nt of th« safflf^^vit of j^nrrlta. It ia 
no* too X.''.t© U-> rala* ac «b4«4eti«a j«5t fm\tiB in tii« i^yi-^l co\irt 
9ihi0h Kieht have b«?sn obirl?{t©<t if «^<lfii t*j»y#» Ci^y of 

l3ut Oft©, of -j^lsiofe ©oe5>i.slni i*j ie5,;'.4«, ia #flt mist ijs the ^bstrn.fi%» 
It la 8 weHl (!»ettl#4 fule tjvat eil^g^a ^rroi* in i;lviii^ ii** 
stjruoiiojw will Tiot ha son^sideroci ©s arpef».l er tJ-pit of feu'rer 
uaii&d3 «11 tfie in^tnj:©tloii» glir^n «Jri( ^^% o\i% in iull in th« 

B43 111,, :'?::6« A re f^rcfisa©, ho»e^^iy# t-o the record tii®» 
clo^?M» %'h!st at l«a*t t.iir«?« other Xn^tx^Qtiiyfrn rel^tJfig t« 
the Ifteuos of p^^yj^^t* t\m\ aes'Ord stad mkti&Uiieti<m^ h^ ta wtioli 
iaatruotioiMi tm ccsispiv-int its issvi©, ?f@re g.lv«^R to %he Jury* 
Fliile tho inatruotloa i^ii^^t out in the abatraeli aud h«r© g<ssjo» 
pl^jin«(i of Uf Jw>t f»«e fr<m erlticispi, vjns ^r© M>t di«tO«ed 
to r«r;rftffd it. -^v« pr^jucUoitUiy crron^tma in -vl^s* of tli-o f»AOt 
that the te '.ticajny of ^aefendfint in «rror reintlir© to the 
)i^ttor» tiwr« :r&^enteii ^tam1» wnc.onira41cted# 

It 1« fianUy irtriif^tdii that %h^ ttlnl ooiurt ijaF-ro- 
porly <?v«rful«(l th?* Kotion of plc^intiff in o^ror fcsr s^ iwif 
trials ^hioh Kotion vnm t>urport©d by afficUvits ««ttiiig .forth 
la&ttora olaifimd to ooruKtitut© newly '^lsoov<^redi evidei^o, 
nthiah ?fO«iid b« r* t^&ri?;*! &»4 oonciuoive in favor of pi iistiff 
in error upon unoth^r tri.*il of the ea,### 






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Til© fji.iiur« of pliant iff in -^rt^f %o 4^«y tfat; truth 
of ?&« «t«t«»ite«nitf0 attritft,ii«S'A to isisa l>y >i@f^«Ki?i,nt t« ^s-rrear ie 
tho affect that plaintiff In e.rros' W'?>*ili1 a^sklX it m-^mr^^ if 
dftferfeUnt l» errot i*»'OwJl«J pi^f Jiiia |^» <f:Bd thf^t t^^m. %lm 
tvxytmai fey d^fmn^nt %n ^rvi>t of ffsST ^^Hfrnrftiiing ?mul4 b« 

u|-on -■'.;« ill .the poasiesmloa &f d^fm'uXimt in ^rrtsr .cife tht tAis« 

C'-s.mmi t*at3ft Ifcsir^ forgeitus r|j;t:jth«%3r m tm% k« Baa« the nt^it-®*' 
gj<int,a t0f?tif led to by d^^f^ii^tent in ©rroir* FurtuJ.ir«i-er«| I'.r&oi' 

eotrtbllfih ihn fgilHily cf th© ««t&-t#RJSRtii a^. tjribut»®d to him 
by defemtant in i^yarofji lif^RBWS®! j2i!t?ifrtM4«s»9, |>3.Alnll.ff in 
QTt&x *p*y h.^v« !Ba;'^d« o\i«h f*t.jit$jii.«isM9^ h!^iirii*»g th«» forgot'tftii 
to ific3,mi« ti'iQ ittM '.Hi# to til© omart r«i'^ssrfe«i!3f» 

whioli pi.'int^lff in «r3Por <^iy properly ooi^if^iRji Kmd th« 



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339 - 197 PS ^ 



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CITT OF CillCAaO, / 



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»:BJTOIt TO 

OF a: I c AGO. 



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MB. FJ^tr^HClNO JUSTICE BATJMS 

i5-Eiii¥i^itED 'Vim opxmou or "rmi coimt* 



rf^ 



In a miit Irnt4tut><i4 in th# :*;u-Ucix.-4. Court yy 

aefondant In Qtsot to reooYier :'j; psm^^lty for the slkn^ci 
irlolittlon by pl-Aintiff i« ^^I'rc^i' of S«r0tiofta I4;-]5» 14?^ sM 
X430 of the ]^Uftloi)feI C-xi* of thi* Gity cjf Chiciv^o, « trl.^ii 
by the ac.urt resulted tij a jflfu.'.ii0g i^gstnat pXriintllf in error 
f>« to ©eotton H.'iS tifki a ji&igi^nl Itgpo^^lRjg a fir* of." T^IO, 

Tiif» several a«>tiitloa*» of th^ Mu.aiolp^'-X Ccae ^•^■5,ich 
plnlnilff In error l-i chnrs^ed 'tlth lirsvlag vlolrt«d «r« as 



bulUtiftf,!, v«liiole| fttiMiOtur*! rinoejitaol® ot thins waied or to 
bo ua«d for .::.iny fUJfpo^^ ivh.'il?3V«r| ah- 11 b« r&Kl©, u^-ed, k©t>t» 
fi-ilnv.'ijiett or Oi:.;'<rv*,ted In itve city, U' ti-^ tuiso, kfievU\g$ 
m.i\inU»Uiinz or o?>ejp,*vtiii^^ of <raoli buikjirg, y.'^jlil^Xe, i'sti'uotur®, 
recei-.tciaia or thing f^lf^il 'm the oGG&mion of :my nuiaaiH)©, or 
uang&:3r<ju« or a.©l;rir.=,ti?3t'ti to Ihk,- lth»* 

»14-'-G« Cciner.?! ::,roir»ibltion o-r \mh«:3XthfUX l3U'":iii)«RU*) 
Bo ^lubnt^mco, n:i%%os or thing of -ay kind •-■jir!rctov«^r# ■«hloh 
okax bo •u.n .^-rousi or ;;f:trl&aKt«a tc Imulth, nh;:;lX be :.ll^mnX 
to esi^^t in oonr-s^iatlori (-'ith any bu^insns, or to ha utied 
therein, or to b« uA«d in my v^orK oa- iK'sbor ct^rricd on or 
to l>fj CTriod on or pjrof»oout»tl in tlm olty, vnd no rmin^nco 
obalX biv T'^^fiiittCNl to ^x.l?tt in acnnectlon -f.-itJi ^ny tounlrseaa 
or in comiectien ^ith .«ny !maJ\ work or I:?bor,* 

•X4f30» Factory* --■stc, - a.ws^cHts or offdnaits.) Jiny 

factory, y.-rd, buiX.iing; or iitructur® of r.y fciai, or t.llow 
Gh-Anal*^?r»a ntiop, nocp f;tot-.ory, t. nnery, . if^^-'ili-'fry, i ivory 
fitfibXe, i3*i*ti<3 y-'trd or p-hcd, b-irn, packing, hci-^ti©, a ur;j.itQr 
bcti3« or renk'.orirjg e«t:>biii3hm<5nt ;«hich4 shtu !>€cotio n^ u«evu«», 
fouX or of JTen.^ive, ia mrtsby ieclared a nuis rnoe, rvi tfto 
rer»on or rmti^oiin c?.nifi|j. Keeping or Rk.int.tinin^ or in 
po-:ne ;'--ion, aJi ^rge ox- controX of .my -^uch factory, ^Tthop, 
yr.rd, hcv;oc, V>uil:!inj3 or -it/ruoturc! uforert-iiti, ahf;JI he fined 
in « ffuia not Icsfv;-* ♦;h.in t'^-vonty-.f iv« ;ari»;i not exotveding on« 
hundred <lciifir« for each off*^nf8«,* 



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iij« 0vid®nc!g|f to l^oM pli:^,in,tlff ir* error 3Lia,lsl<^ upmt th^ 



violated 3«!«ti08 1450 0^ %h^ ChiOvig© C^?!© of Itlll, in &»im«jjr 

•3, The ootiTt flisd.^ tii© ds&f&mmsftt not 0i.ii.lty of laeving 
vlolf't«d f5«H3tioii 14"6 of fi^t® <5i5i<5a,f® Oc«.i© of ,\1J11, In feAK^sw 
i-iRd fans as ei«jFg«3d ia Um iMmMm^, btlt af i-.'"rtl0«ler2» horeiQ, 

UBS of th« CSao'^^?;© 0«&A® sf ll?ll, iji lh;'t Mt-::;?j<?n tlis« tifc^st 
fff-aoified in th?f .ifiaRtvlm* Mil of y-v^rti©\si^ii?si h&r^isi.f to -^Itj 

-■•.«s0rii;i©d bill -of f^jaj^tiayi^iWi ¥&5i03» »sd flm@« ^p-^r^ vfi^^l*>tM 

laent^Hl to lio^lth^ aaa tSisi'^ !i?ill b« ?* fi»^ of ^10 ^gaiyi?*t 
the (i^?f*jKi*mt»* 

It v'dll b© obs3orv6<i %}m% Urn timing rh^T«in pl:jiis&i» 

pr©tilaat«d ^»oi«ly wpon tM fiict ti^-it. tua valuers ^%tvi £imm» 
in <i\im%i.Qn, ««?«> ii;ArA||«rmi» !^nd (k^i^.timm%xil to Ii6:^lt.h# 

It 1® li*eiwBib0«t Oil a^ftndmat ia ©ri*«' to ©f.it;:*feii®fe 
© viol^tioa of iJmj orvUuanc* ^ s ol^ar {T^iiond^raacfi of *ri# 

-u-ficiftnt» mi^StM^m. ,U. ^^^^ i^*^ lU. Apr., 17a. 

P1^1citH-f=r-S*v^0Tr!np it^ fjni:,ig©a in. *;iir, K-irsufactui'© 
of rocXiiig '■■^M, p4*vin^ mrvttsri^'^ls f>,nd e©%l tar fro'jittct©, ^%m 

7m vllatrict in which %h^ plant !« lonatea Is em&ntinlXy 



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III* H'4'Uld Oarlwxilo (ktM^i^ny^ the MoCojct^ii^k brnjiifsh of ihe 

Caat,ins» Cmv.jxvny, thw Pil«en Brewing Co«, tfe© C* F, ^tt^e^jfty 

vifKl iK»i«dS?jtely actroas l5j>i,otaK®nto air«Bt» r*.r& lo?j^(t©d the 
Bridevfoll rttv^l th« ;iog j^uM* On th^ «out.fe th« plnnt riiftai 
to Urn w^n% forite of thrt ^outh hxs\Tmh. of tim Chicaj^o nivnTm 
There i'Jtii rt<Knc} j1,««illRg feoiis©« ortf* ot t^c felocko w«fit on 

;i,venue» The plant ©f th<5 Piix^en Br©«ir»g Cosr^-^*'^ iv^ north 
lit ??®at« 

In thfl proo6i»6 of vlii'^tilJittioia of crii^« a«ail tvijp 
thfe t.-iif Ifl fUPfOT'M .into a JiorlKontaJt s'*t4il ffhore it l« li«ated 
until It eo. rv^noas to V'ip-»ri?»«, ?md a<»at ia oor;ti0«0<i to tK» 
iTpnad imtli ;iufT.lol^nt vapor ha» b«<?n fbr©»d to l«a¥« a 
roalduo of Ihin llcjuid piioJj i« tl»f5 *-«tlll. Thft ir^ijf.'Ojp ia 

fv^rcioti Into n ilt^ul^ k>T«>wn as ofviltasjfy osifsosoto oil, "^iixm 
di^BtlXiatlon 1'^ cc««|;xet<s th^ t©«sp©ratiur« of th«5 r>ltoh In the 
??tlil i« between 500 aifel 600 dorryeo* F-:air©nfceit« fh& pltoh 
l3 th«n tr^tnaferred by «to«K pr<!j«8ui« frc*? t4i« stllX into 
OQoXerii r»h©r© thf» teisperatiif© of *h9 pitch l« Xo»cy«<.t to about 
350 <S.onrflGc» Fvir**!^^©!*^ ^-JK^n It i'? r^Jfialtttid to ru« into ooi>» 
csrcte r©c«t ti:4Cle*i known a« "pitoh b^ayJi** In th© 1 ?.«t jroae«a 
r.entiofHSd norae vapor tad fvasea air$«o f^ror* tM liieh ^0 It 
Is-aiveft the <KW)ler« ici»a fXo«« into tlid "pitoti b^yia** The 
j^-re««ne« of tixed Viiro**» «*»** fu»e)3 in the y.tiaOr^phsjfe ooa«- 
<sfeltut«« th» Hll<3f>«d vXoirition by r'X^-"intiff In error of t.h« 
»>ciction «f tho ordljmnod in '^«i3*.ion« 

It 1*< ^rpr^rent from an Inspcsotion of ♦,he photo- 
grtjyhs In fr^ldf^nc©, s^vi frois s ocn*Jii.tori3tion of the terjti** 
Bso«y of ^ritjw&seef^t thsit tho vspor ajrlaXng froKj the pltoii i« 



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soon diasir^rAt94 in th© atsKjispherfi within fthe -^imlo^MX^ <jf th« 

pXmtf a»sS tl-jEit ua;*««P g«m>j'a-.Uf p?«tiifs.\l,ifi^ coriiUtSc^rtS awsh 

is slf^'^g-lf ©istfthii«h«d by th« tefttls^isy of ©Siijfjsnt oxperta 
in tha profn^Hon of c^'Ti&mintTy i%fid hf ih^ tssatijuoisy ©f 
mii^-oroua ®»;>loy<50» i>t plHin%\tf in afToar» who fesst b«»®R ^3^ 

- th« e»«spliig vaij>ojrii ami tatmn ^xm not Ml^tfs^imi^ to h«aUii, 
but on %h0 ottiOjf isiyKS t^i^t the feain ijm'M;^*itu^t e-Xr^jSi&ttt«i of 

iin«t restorative rftriMl^ii far hygsciis ill»* 

Several of t'm t?itft»»83» o«a.*etsi csi Mlic-tXi" of 

A»ong th©a« ^itneaae© miu lffi»« nolll<5k rs^idiiig c*n ^^iri^ie 

I8t*«ct vfil© tontified thilt tii« SM&<^6 e?*!*® list© Mf trCM&%i^ 

and In f%aaw0r to thg quastJon^ flhat ©ffaot did it hstsrs on 
youT" t0f?tifi©d, "lly chll<ir«n ^ai si©*: nM ©eugii^a® r^rid 
votiitiiie and iSxiRklis.^ »,«atex' **l tiiao ftmi crying fto^ «.na »«> 

rft«ult c?f the eEsck^ licr ohlScrstr. ijct %H kinds o-l" gcrsae, 
and iia4 tiwi i9hoopin$ cough, ^nd that «htt hsr^olf w&« gettifig 

Plaintiff in «rror &•:>.! l«tl t. l;-jr!je niMKl?«sr of opf-ajp-. 
ontly oreditsl© . nd iti»int©r0<9t©ii vfitft«rs««» whoae ojisortunlty 
for obfl«irution» ^nd wi.os* habituil i^oxisity to tiio pLant 
of plaintiff in «rror iU*>Hfi«KJ tho» to know th« f^cta» who 
testified that tho vttpor and fu^s»« firi«lng from tti» "Pitch 
b^yn" haa never btion notlo«sS by theR i-»nil iwd never Ci4u»©tl 
tb«tt any iroublfi or HktmoyrAOoe* Th(i uncontrovert^a cviaeno* 



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.jvY- ■;. .. : .., ^ " • ■■ :/*:.:■■/• .. • V -■..-; -.s. i:-:. ;;*;. 

...-Si ,i I { .^; i:i» f/\ . ... .-. '-"' ^.vii. •>'''.; 'S.' - , .('■ -^Aiy-^ru 

■ i ■{ .. i ., v.''i^v •■ ■ !:;..'<■•• f ■'■■5 ;..■ . X :*•.*)>; v.<? 

-■• . >.: ■_ . ,. , ;- . ; o-n : ' -V .:..:..-L\w *,!/:? :4C7': 

,, i~ . , . V .^ ^ ,, , .,. ■■• i 4 ..>>''•;■«-. • J ■ i ' r ■ 

•a;, .^^v iy^ '"*-'• ~ 

-:; • vi: ■■:•..;,;., /i..;i' ,' y ■■ ■ ■■■ j:.tz\% ill \'H^ir, ,.■ 'T 

:/' .^ ■ 'r ' ■ . ■;> v./,.; -•:\!;;f::-^| ■ :, - .•■ -lO^ffi^iiii; iii'.. ^d; ..:i :.^';.o vi^ae 

'.,-.;.■: . .^ .^ ' .•:.»{•'.:•'• ! .-IN.' :-.■.■■ 1 Rr ^UO^^JiVirOtfO »0"i 

lit-,' ■ ' v.'-* '■;..: s- ■ ;' ■ ■■••.:.■., ..-i- i-',.'V ,.ii> J^iil b9iJlitaoJi 



Qh&m tJtvit tba fXsynt, of |r5l:.»iitxtiff In ©r*^r ifi <^qui;>p«d with 

Thn! f IfMiinij C'jQci judgt'sant. .ir« not siAtiyortad by >.)m 



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3G4 - 16765. 






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r.mon to 



fe[R. rfmaioiKcs JUSTICE nmm 



Thia i«t ^i nuiX 4n stt?iOhi?^ut Inntituted in the 
MuBialpol Court by tlsfumkiBt Ir* iteieox ^^iiicmt ■ph.-imitt in 
eyrvis^ 'Aii^sein ChtiUl^n P, IsoltJyfoji wa»^ ^JUfiji&Ofied sa g.irnl8h««» 

TI^« affivt^vil of aejr^ndi^r.t ir* ^trror mtn up .ua 
groiiiKia for att^ch^ent, •that th«* ^saict Csrio U^aaariiil oa© 
not b« fovmfJi that Ufon dlili^ent Inquiry, '.'.ffifm* h^n tt&% 
hfmn Abl« to /^asdrtair; hl«^ |>lao« of reftllersc**** 

After |>ublicr*tloii Of fsctica %o pl/Jtntiff in i*rror 
hf) f;aa, on Jtm« 9, l'Jl3, 4«t:»ulted for yuiptt of &iii©6Jf ana*, .^nd 
\}^^on ^ l.'sxeing tli«Ti !iod ^i^pj^nnt s^48 tjfitcrod in f.-Avor of 
d«fejKt«ftt in «rror *5f7,fiifj0t pi-iilntlff in ttTov for |35S,?i3» 

On JurvT! U, 1013, rl intiff in errojr filed hiu motion 
to vaottte aftii «et aslcie said juttgisent ^.na .for loavo to fil& 
hta -affidavit of dp.f^f)i&e within fivs liaya* Tli® >^ffid«vit 
of jsXaintiff in erroy in atif.psrt of a&i4 eifjtion stiit^s tlmt 
ho ia <4 rc3i<.L«nt of t.h^ city of Chlo uijo, 3reai;.ling »t '.^039 
l»-m© Coi^rt; tru.4t he h«A l>c^.en r®fli;:liRg in thft Oity of Glilcas© 
for cievftfi y©«».ir» laai pj^at, anii ti^;^t ifi h«« bev«r V)*ton his 
desire or intention to leave si?»i<^ oity^ Ihut m? £„i<X oostt 
aofa«.'.i.iiit in error not i©a» tU^n once every t?eak tluring 
A|)ril '.mii Mpty, 1913, arnii during th« portion of Jtm© tlion paatj 
tliitt Iv© had ncsvsr re<3«iv«cl .ny notion of tJi© retvleivcy at 



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tfeiK ^uit| that d«r«jnd#m% Irs erjror Md is^^ver i^Mi# tmy dej^mnd 
on hl» for ^^tsy jsanoy -dt^ h«r| thiat Um urt hm.^lt &f publloii* 
tion, nx^imin mt^mis^nt in «rror ^:st;itM th&% pUimitt in 

oould Slot t>9 ,f:<»uf¥i ^rithin %hM J iifisd lotion of »h«5 kursioipal 
Court, mm a tsi«»r«»pr®^r^r*f.Etioii »M tin ii^oaitioii o« the oourtj 

iHAit upon %h& fisefit* 'to tiw ?'?Jial« ef ife«? de.i^'^'tsd* 

fhe isotion of plaintiff %n ei-ror >¥a« ?weyruied by 

«ia«jratieR of the i:<«0w®y of %h.& gaj?ni«»M« founc^ th-it o«si«t 

^rmvg .^m-i 8nt©.r«£l ^Mttc^Mat la fuiros' of <wfi»naimt in firrajp 
ug^^insi ihf5 g;!mifi^^« for i^-iid miOunt» 0ri Jyoa 30, i^a^, 
pl.^^ititlff in oiTor rjgalis iso-red the soiyf-t to vacate aTi.t «^f5t 
asiae th« 4iififf««jst of ^wwt *:}fM i^tm04ingp '^ul in r,wi-?|K»rfe of 
0uoh yoGtioa «i«o fil^d hin ssf fidavlt ftettirje forth «ttb 

D^otioct was .also ovan-^a^sd by tii«5 eot^rt* 

fhope 1» Si© affejii3rfm»« by ii«r«tMr-*Rt iii eryojr in 

It ie firfjt urged ih.it the afficiavit for fittaclyisent 
ttpon whicfe the notloe of r-ubii<5i:iti<3n w&ss ti?ui«d is Irs^uffioient, 
mii^ thiit tJan^ (sourt acq.ixiriKi no ^urttfi lotion t.hirxTstljy to fjjjt^r 
Judgisftftt ji^alnat pi^>lnt.iff in orror by fififmat* 

iiivi if If. had be»« i^tta^ketJ in tiic? lo?/#ip aoD^t, d.oiifetA«i®« 
would haw been hald to be inpuff ici^jst* TJi« affidavit 
«ix«t however, acsenaabl© thore, on?i if ao at)j»nd^>bX«, it B»a« 
«ot yoi<U X.roawlo yujrmoe Co. y. nikii^ KfE.^ Co>> iai lii., 
58S» Th« objection n,>n not h^ tciinmi f.or th<s firwt tl<Ti<=!' in 
tbl« oo-urt» Ire.--,^ot9 rury^Qg? -^Co. v> nikin UU, Co .> ^mr-r^t; 
Raff V. Alvln, X8n IIX, An-,* 4i* 



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Tm Rf fidsivit film?, by phf^iniUt in ty.tm^ ^x\xi& 11^ 
i9l3| lA 3upr~«sft of th& motion t© '/aoali© ^md ^0% mM^ tim 

u|-«>n tM^ jMtyits fails !io ni.:^t.ii 'ifty fis&ts i« 'suppo^rt of ili© 
wot ton wiiiah showld hav« mo^'Bd tJi0 oowftt to gr^mt tai# *i/'>.is#« 
The iajsufficifmcy of th^ aifi.^RvH Mi?* ^viaently jreoo^/iiR^Kl 
by pXstUitiif in irrtajt^ ^fli^n, op Jum SO^ 19l3t h(? filod 
:;5.iM3tfe«r ttf fivinvlt 1» fmppsrt of riootlt^sr ration ti*@n mui© bf 
hla to Vfics-Jkte <*M «©% aft|4« aaiit Jwl^J^'^^t. Tlii^ EiiAttisipa set 
forth I'n tii® «ffld&iflt fil«i!!l in i^uppart of thti; ?»«s<j#kcI cotton 
fer>:de by pi'VlntJflf in error t*o Tacw\tia ?>?iit '^©t «ai4« «i:tici. jud^ 

«i f/rior life© i^otion han h^-im cjvfemtlM by tu& oourt, The 
&otit>Ei of Jva^9 JlOj, 15i3t, wjs<s for thi« r^a^on properly ovenf** 
yuied# AgalJJt th«^ bill of eK©«^fiiois® tilmS. in ih6 ease 
comtainffi no ««iritf k©43tt«s fey tte tri^.l *\ad^;@ th&t It a^mftiiinii 
all ti\& «vld«5TiG«i off ©red am. r«^G#iv#d U|>e>3s tJi® li^&rirtg of 

j:/reKUKi|-lloA m&f J>ro^<^)ri3r bct lr*?i.u3.gedt ia nup-fts-H of the ?j.etion 
of tl»«j coiiTt, th^At the ©owart h»^ ib«*fer«i it otbf^j? ;:tiKi ay.fflQi*mt 
«viciej,«3«»| auoh aft the oral ti»ntiM>tty of tiitnnmm^* MiiE2^2-J£* 
WJ^^Um ^ tUn App.f ^i Todd V. ?^nnnlm:. IIB IIU App,, 
676. 

Tiw» J\irU^«nt 5i'^;''.i?iat the g;«Tnij^hd® i«^ in iKr^roMtjr 
foriB* Th© jwiiriifeent ^houl-^ hay© b^«n in f.-^v^r of i>l;>intlff 
in cwrror agftlnet th<j g--vrn4«itidfli for U*a u«« of <ij&f«r»da«t In 
©rrorf Siwh infotaality in it judgK^nt,^ shen stttacked by 
th« garnl?*h««g h^s« bosm fee Id to re^iuiro y r®v«rft''U of tJtee 



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Ajvptt ^5i nmm^ V. TiMOf Soil?;r l^fr. f!>: .. '>l I};i. Ayr., 

I 

The ^-aclssjettt oi" %h^ mmi^iipvX Court la .sffir.t5;aa. 



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409 • 19811, 



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OHioAOO crrt n.^L^/.Y.i?&ifp;r?, | cook cnusrr. 



fllant. 



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delivj:i?i:d tiie ofiiiom of rm couht. 

Thlj3 la i\ sviit by .'s.pfi^§>lise Agitinafe apj-reXXwit to 
recover d^im^god I'or p^*^^^^-^ %n^^kti^^^ 'witfu'eln a iri:'.l by 
jury in %ho Glr^niit Cmxtl s-@^/uat©ti in .i v#r*iiGt AiJd Jwdg«» 
ffieat ae^,lni»t appellant for fn^SOO. 

fh« cl«olaratlon chrtjfgss tbeit whiXo &.ppoil©«, l« 
th& ax«Tci«6 of due cji<r9„ t?ae la Mm itst ©Jt tKmPulag one of 
&xp«llant»a street ai^rOf which had there b0®n brought to 
a ataridLivtili, .ippollrtnt, by Ita ©ejnrantfl^ mrglln.dntly, 
oar«l«««ly ai*i j?u;ki«nly atort^i «if*i-d «ay^ aM th?5r«by 
cippcliao was thro'Sfa to th« greiuid ajfsd ia^urefl* 

X% is* .fir*it %fixiin%m that tik** vertUot la aijain^t 
the »:tnlf0St ■«mi^:J:it of %lw f.vldSRO«» 

"* Sbortly after tho aoea fitour ©a Sbveisber iX| IQOSg 

\ 

i^I^pdllec, wiio waa th«n .•>7 yi&;\r« of ag;©, !'!▼« f««t or flv« 

"* fefH om k\.x^ onc»Jtiaf lneH©» is asightt r^^ -t©ijjhe<3[ 1«8 

s j-oun^lfl, a«flired to bo^rd or*e of ^rpellan^'n stront ci^r»» 

J lit the coriusr cf St»tc aivi Wsshia^toa at;ra8it»^ for th« 

f > rurf OS© of bfilng oarrle<cl aoufcli on 3t;jt© «troe% t,o G3r<l atrouttj 

and thafto© «rest# by ttiyxmiet^ on 53reJi atr^et to Songs4*ae«» 
^ 8treot» Ti-i« oar in 'iiieation »«» e£ Ui© pay-a«h»you'-*5nt.<»r 

typ«, and ih«5« st.0|'p«t4 s^t tlM? near oroasiiii* to rficelv* and 
j^ ^ di^oJ'uirae paoaeaf,or8j thj^t lf*# «out2i boiuad qsatb on 8t»ta 

»tr«©t 9o istopred on the aortfe; aid* of W^*8iilnf,ton street* 



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trAoKa l?©im$ «3^'miic? by .sppsilsistj^ i%:n& tM 0^4? ia '^-a^^fir^ 
waft running on tlie issidttla t^r^iek* 

oar «m.8 Jw^jt *»crsfiiig aisaf f^t^ -sm® folloiss^ ii»«sdiii*%'^ily l»y a 

W|ji*ig&t iresSi rail ?*ith 'li#f ri^'fe haMs tim* sli.® hatt «t ^esstli 

!^k© >»« »ai#lfj,* her ylgM f sot f^«5«s tte aiejp la iM p^«t-f©»iSf 

i$k& JP®l.©t»#4 lif* .l^id <5f f,ll«i Up-f if^M r^S^sS, for tk© S?M4f|?#®® of 
to ^0% OS tfee ^lis.t#o.^ist|i tfcat Juat, -aftef mm g-^l^^m^^ l»@f 

aail iiho Wis® tto©"sm to tim n^mm^^ %'m% «hil© #l« »si» failing 
tJ.s^ e©SKl»3MSt©r wh0 ^Mi» ma tli.t y®t.;r pXatfwia pfab^»d %M tight 

hftr tmakp «d^%]i iio» ft^sttl t® %tm m^\i%h'mf!^t% thskt Um <^iiw mn 
than a p«li«#isan Qmm -p'mi helpmi h<&t up ^.n^^ %m p^lifmtm% 

bey li«HS9» l^jo f*Arth«-r ie^stified ilu^jt .*ft«»' #he rmtoh^d 

htMQ «ii« 0i«;j?i9apl©»es4 a m'sr^'.te n&tvcmt f^oakp ^ls-o*&k &11 

«»«r a»(i Q^^ild laot ©tcfpj t,iy.t slie t9ii«|xit^n»d for ivsr i&milf 

f«lt a p't^^t dm^iX wor»5*, f®A», badi in har bs^sLSk^ ao»T» tor «]pii». 






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aiKi Jm4 & iif»*a in th« imck ij.T l-'usr M»d *'4:a4 Ij^ h««' right 
.*k««ld«? mid &%mi %hf^ nlm t».^« -^c^iifwissed ^ml diftajp, h?;-^ '■»%"&& 

^G tifc^ b»<t uttiil tl)^ f 5? J liijsulr^f fjli-jfistisftfm day, -'s'jii&n iSiie »©% 

th^t a&«i «.'*a isityt. &^l-e t* b# ««i=t &n -Ui^ r^^/roJa uf>iiii th& l;*st 

itig ts hnw ImM!^ aM liisb®! tl*.%1 sli;^ ©mil-;* ii4t ^txevi^sUteu 
up- aiJKl 's^« wstnfelQ t® iio sijjjali t^srrfe a^ut the liow,?*©* B'm 
ttiS-^Mt t®gtlfis<l t'otst In H./rali, I.SIS41 ill.® had i* -.it^xok® oa 

li&3p ^-x^ftahi tljat ?©3f itt^out th.?^ wcH5ka ^?i9 «3<5uXtl r#t "l^il 
veaey lauoti ?#j-:tt al*e aaMj, ttidt ii#? tUi^i^ 3L<4g m^ia ji XittX® 

Bu^ hfci4 iuid m> ©tlm» llift^'«ia ca? tjpoulj^i! Ij^'iosr 1«« tjfie ««o«ji'ie»t, 

*v«ri4ft^ of th® ^^isso 4ay ^%M f<>yiisi tor ir* hmli U>t>-t ^}m mm 

fjftiit* fe«lpl#oi."i to toMltt t*<&wm^lti %h&.t *tt %h® lomt p^i, of 

%ym4 BpQt *t»out the sise of ^iiii« tiip of a dxit^lsig ^iiss^j 

the time bftlRg la ;i»y effort ?j^ <j-3St,?tion.j tlvai aS*e *^d« 
al»ayj, had blurring before h«r eye« .-^4 ha<i «®v&ip« p^tn ^iM 

«50roii«»» About th«i fuip« of %lm imok^^ ufe the b«i«o cf tlwB 

n'iTks or* her tiii^« and * ferwia© on the l®fj bs9lo«; t^^e kaet^i 






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thai a^.-3 did mt ^Bum to |-isi¥0 oontxoi 0t th« ©je@ani!t of #|:>©e.<3h 
tor Ii^sis1ta» Sia fiirther ieatifijoijy r8»;;.-i4jffiir*^ tr*« ?<st^ji©eriueat 

?hred ?iif.nQ9«©i5 o^^iil|l4 tsfir Hi>|»«XIaat tsstifif&a that "' 
tiw mixs ua« itx is^lQH at tti« titjje »pf#il&« attsi^^te-d t,© bo-ayd 

■fifiiX, '^lii^i tfc^ ffisj' &^J4 i« jiotioa* 

iuiK'X%(mt,t itO'.itm^i^tlf iiitex'poB© to a«t«rs4i!^ ^«at t,|J4«jaiicm# 

el€ifis«jnt0 pro^'^y to 1^6 o'^i<jltigfire4 misiisise the jiS'Otetiv* loreo 
ita4 ©ffeot of the teet leeway of a|-f-«ll£U'4*s tU3f«e ?rit»®»«sB 
to ssycli ua e«;,tent ths^t }*« wc*uM Ixa U2?wa?ir4St@d in holding 
tii^t tho verv:iict of %h6 ^utf upon tXm i:ij*uee involviug ti»e 
£j«;|iigeii©« of apjj^Jlisat stua dtis or*ra m the p»Tt of app-eiX#« 
Is against the 85sajii2'e«t vfcif^it of %h.(a «svlasr#«j«. 1'c5- «-l*s.l3«9riate 
tii© grouJidA of this coacluaioi* w&ald exterad %lii» eplniou 
iHsyofyt all re«kaonfibie bounds. It ics wufflcisnt to way tiiat 
in estjRf i^ortaiftt vtad isii^terial !>jirti«nil2?4r» tiii* te*>tiisoiiy of 
ti^e thrtNi »it«e»»«« ref#rr«<i to ia oontTAdlotory, iJKsoti* 
• intent with oAt.'ibliiili^d facten nnd iriri^yently ii5i:.rolm&i©. 
Co«i^'l<^ini is t^xdi^ ©jf tfcf! adtien ©f the eourt in 
rcfuwing tiie fitni inf*tri<ic%l«m t#tKi®r«<i by i'*pt>aiXant» Tho 
in.^tjru«tio« »a« imff leieistiy oov?:r«a by other imt^ucMom 






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by aj>p6li«© in H/i-reh ?^e^1 8ep%fc8fiS>«^3p, 3.vJ-lr>^ y0rtil%«d fiiim nw 
Injury sui^t&l^ied by fcer «fai3 a ssw^rply ©«mtr#¥#rt^i qti-^iHiofii 

4iii"i«3f4i#0 tsatUfig to tli^m tl'^a-t *jij«.h attain ©f paralysis* were 
•4lr*otiy cor*9«qvi«nt to tt© injury au«^sl«^ei by ti^Jft ^'hih^ 
the *5Vi4ense i>f » wltBO«a cf.lA^tt ^ afipsliaatt i»® an «»i«rt|( 
tenilcd to show tb^t tii©i?« ??s« no r^latiea ho%'^'m0n ti*@ iwjunf 
isu^tiilJF^ci l>y a p«U©6 and tl.i<fe Iciig «ub*eQuon* jittac^g of psr* 

Sr# I'hoBtiSf t^« f«8itly ^iiiyslsiaii &t ap|>6lles;| -g^o 
AttcntiBd nfjr In %h& iW&ning of tM dsj^y s^«« «&« ii^^ursa^ a.ft«r 

«a^ Staked thi« a«®:'^^te'Uj "Sa^* fro^a %h^ ex%mt«i^<tlon yctu mad« 
of thin l^^^ wFi#n y<ju Wisrs 0$ilim ttat s.ft«^T»<:j<^s <>r <svcf«iin§, 
dljd yoii for» an opiniort iss t© wl'idt »h« m^a **!Uf farims ^^ ^^« 
tlete of Mi* In^iufyt at tiM? time ah® i¥s«» laltt ufs titetef* 




•^Wjf dootoff, A«» B. aiSfiieai sk^b, haws y^u mi ©pinion^ 
jTjfo* your ftxaEiiRat'ioa of has, j»M ?;>jr *rf»/^:te0riit ©f h^i^ff, ««» 

< to v?.;,it ^v?',fi the oause of *:-lis p&rjiXytio atapok© tii^At you hciir« 
dceor i^d In Sajfoh ami. Vi&rt<^isb^r$ lBi^?t» 

tj^ OV' iriruliii$ of a like cbjectiony V^ i«»pll@d| 



**Ott'.e -llttli* blooic*»v©?«»6l# tn this aasMS it vq^Xq Xm Qt .^.n 
®«trdpsely asali i?i:.itiyr«- &»M;iyisf# ^>fcs &i%%Qk mm 3,lmit^d ia Its 

presuuxe in tlsat way* Imt ii*. .'''-l.l a»«#®> of t^At feimi tlM«*«Sf l» 
a d«f;-*m*ir«ilivs cosKlliUm ftf the Tiyi-ritiar* <&t tM mrnQt^l 
axln &t the part« ihai tl?«i pcx^f tta atr^ku t^^-fees pl;*0« ifit* 

&mmlUiiiJti^ fd%h ^;Xm lx4Kmfff ^^liAU;^ m not ivt tim e|4r4iv;r* ol 

Umi tlf«»u€f ai'id -isfe f::.Ii km>i5 iUi-4- -my Injury ti© thft ivi;%rvi$\m 
^f\ft^m i« tlins ii.^rfl«sfl; t.hln,g C'.V>«iit in y^^e hvmm ^mt&m to r#» 

*A. Tli© oesTieQtiim wiU b«» ?iii# =;J«g«sig!jratlv«i ^t-uto 

leMli-jg to -^vcjlopgisiotftj thiit fr^^uXii inrin?; Abcsijt or ,-r:.r® ILibi^r 
to bring i'i'iKMt a j.-apaiyii^ ftt%»o.k«» 

the ajiicrwar ti®s <:i«nief.U 

X% ia in^i'stad tMt im ruling** ^» *^*® t-ri^il ©ourt 
in the jsajptioulisorft etentionM t?^;?riaged tiv» twl© that a ^itnr,<'«i 
ahmild sseo% iMsi paiinittM i© gi?© 1 1» ©piaiea on t5iO v«ry f^w^t 
sfeloii tha jyxy ist to 4«t«r3fclxai5» 5v»d in «up|>ort of auoh ia«» 



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ass IX.\,> l;v4. 

«JEiSstJi0» 0* iw^ Mra* 3t5lii-a!iKt«.j? la ow in m't y>c^rm<:*««mtly 
irtjursjd a-3 a reauit 'if th^t adoi4«ritt" Ikj ilk© e|\m»i,ioa 
r^latJtfig to th« ^Piii^* a* fee iiajiixf i^48 aak^ %h® ^itrii^s© In 

tttlfiiXian h^t'm^&m o^rliaiB ia|is3?i0t» ^ffhicls «wp|:*@lie# usrciu««ti©©*> 
"'-ibljr muntaii^ud a® & iresult ot her faUji aM h©»' ^wb^e^riuest 

li^tvifts knowl©dg© of tii« 0ufe^*9t fm^ l^®P«r -145 b^ fjoatid^y©*! 
by ttm jury, ?H^ ^t ^inc^ <^^^>ZMj^..^*p ^^ ^^1*» ^>^l 

iic»i?le to ^ring tibout & p^^ffn lytic -^troJ^^e. tiebl© m^^mn 
wMr« or i®8» py<^'*blfe* "To sntltie & philntif* to r<&ooYisr 
rrei»ent da&i^s©» for arr^'elu^wK^d future coA««r4\»«ne»» t.fo«r« 
«u0t to« mioh a di»gr«« of r^^obtibiiltjr of tlmit reoMxrei^mt 
ae r*»Kiu»t« to & reaA^-^msbX© o«3Ptalnty tht^t i5t«y ^11 1 j-^isuit 
•fr©«i th« origiata Injui^f,* y.}4h v.. C. Uf T>,,^.» ;:-44 lil», 
S44, A rc«ra profe«.a>ilit.y 4^ not au'ffieieist* Any or4nioa 
of the *74%iyj»9 aliort of a rottsmv.^bl© Gi*rtfilnty tiu^t a|?|>oU©« 
would b« sub^iSHSt to reoua*«n.t att44^k» of rr.^t»ly/!>l«» n» a 

tit# anri ©t'ifijeotyral* Th<i opinions of ^.h« ?rlt^ii<Js«» a» 



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©xpy:3»»e4> nhmtlil imve h^mn asxt^iuiri^d, but ki« ^ipj>.9j.iaftt jsalvea 

sl^a^ a;id aa it is feiridaai th'-.t, exeludln^ th« si^^^nt of 

eseae^a-i'?* l"or f>reis^sit i^juri^s s^©t\&.^rilf .Ms?5-t.ia.ir;^t iii« 
j«dpi©ivt siioulci a&t 'm reY^.^r'aeu for ths f^ili-asrs to e,%oxwi0 

in i<x]t%0 tbivt «it woiuJti jwt Iks rimje5?»itry fo«' cm iiijiu'y to 

|;r»ralyi?iEi»,» 'Klue «ltfi*»fl§ s»».« Sheii M.#k.edt •Bow isi^h^t it 

??e mi»h% o^'/k for e^jstBf.lsj *ijfe ®is=.<^ of i\ riei^ie i>&4nt|^ thai 
it weultj a©i s^mystly tsltil'^ tiiis gsotc^ &resi., the o«nt«ra|, oaid 
oi G6ur«« tJ-i^ e«nt<iar8 'v'OisJd eet ^et tfco effest of it* Th«% 
that later could bs» i^aJlai'gM or eould r^oiif ^'itfa a le-xg©* 

It i# wrgod fbst thin t««t4isoigp ©f th« *iltmss« mm 
l^iirely apiSfa'ul.ai^ lir« «f$i^, Ihor«fi0r«-, . ^ter.l* To© ?3uj>.|©et 

Biiiitesp ojf tixe iar^uiiy ti\©is yr.cicir s2aR8id«x«.tl0i5 #§« i«*v#>ti'itjjr 
Hiaf-tiy»ls, if proKioiOil '©y an lajwry, -#0111^ nQ0^&mitilf foiiow 
aijsaa-^jt lii»<K.Uk'it^ly, or «f>oth*3P it *si|^»t i:l«f«iop at & iate* 
I'ftriodt t*eii ai»» 'jfJii^th^i' or set ti» liaju/y mixnh «*« 4,j';T^i'iv'5« 
cl&lcKidi to hove «ii?»tair«s{i ^a* oayftblc of jAro^uelftg piijrulyaia* 
It »a« iaaifttoa by avT««ii^at that p^yp*ly«i«t ^^^ proasjdSKi fey 
an injury, ^««X<i n«j««v4»?trily foXle« aI«ao»t ij;RM*dii5tt©iy, «od 
i5ti«o tJiat tii« injuxy whioh <ipji«U©« clali^d to lu»v© au«t»lBed 
.~a0 lna*ix^atel« of r*<^weiJ^ p-'^3p4ilyai»» 7lm tmjtii&cTn^ of tit*© 



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tklf} r©aao»0 for «i«©h ©pinicai* ?*'« porcsoSvo a© ©rarer iii. 
aoisitiifig; the tastlisKsny of tliu wita^*o» 

tlMS 5«.1f/ftent of th« Circuit Cmirt l^ a..fflrK«KU 



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inn OP f73ICAJ3G, ., 

YiAn^-itt in tvtx^xi ) ^^imM OF 






.A. 472 



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mU Fr?r:nTnTKO JUSTICE BAtrn?? 

Suit waa inatituteci in the I'imlclp.'il Court tsy th® 
tlty oT ChicsfO ygjilnst CJ.-vir«»TBS0 E« Ot©9» to r^t-ccver a penalty 
fci#' tto« cax«faa violation by the d^feMsnt of amotion IfHl 
of %hi» Mimic iptil Cod®, afhioh r^ffjviijfla, in psft, asi f©iloiK«i 

*Ro paaraoa sh..?.il k#«ti'> Of-en Any saloon, biir rooB* or 

tippling hou^s riuring the nl^ilit tlisae b<}t-~*«n ti;a hours of 
on« ©•<iloak a, ©« ?*m five o^oiock .':u m# •***«»****^4jjy 
por-^on vioiHtiEig rii^y of ilia /or^going proYifsiorsS «lvj.ii bc^ 
fin«d not iesa tr^an i';*<?ifity 4oXlfira noj* tsor© tlifm ons l;urklreil 
iiolXttra for each o-.'f^n^e** 

A trial b^foy© the court jf«t«uit<Kl in ft fimin^ for 
the dofentiiint -^niKt 3 uci !$}!*«»»* .■■m.-^lanl plaintiff in bajr of Ita 
uctionif \o riiv<?»ira« shleh Ju<?|»;iKont tb# pl;-Utit.iff pro«©«stit<Ml 
thl« '"^rit of &rtox:9 Thoafig in no -ip|)«iir;:moe in Uiia court 
by aof^ndfrnt in error. 

Irviog A» Sfeea «?*» the only ??itn«ao called on 
behalf of plaintiff- in erfft)r» arei bits* t^^atiwonsy ^^tancta u«i- 
coatradlct«d. Ho teatififjd on Uir^ot «x^*«eirwtioa thi.t <m 
tho iBorning of January 1, 1913, h« «iRit«d the plnoe o^^rKJd by 
dofftndant in o^-yor ;;t 114 II, !?»ityboni s-tf?*et, i%t tho hour of 
1:5.% jiJrtd theft and th«r« i>uirohii9«d mnt thr- bar « giasa of 
blackberry br^niiy vxt^ pfnid for it^ that tho piiU>o w^n open 
©■t tJjo tl»e| t];uit tiie *?id0 cUjot lesidlnfj into tlm pl^toft 8te«i 
©i-'ia, aad ti«&t th^ro «««« ,.i.« iiluainated «iga over the do«r 
«ltii tho wora •Bujp*j tlw^it th«r© wero four or fiv® tmn Urink- 
ing ijB tha c)j%lo{»i at tb)t tiir^» On cxo^is-^xutMinution t^ie 



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■ ^ ■'?.'* • r-li, r-r-. «ii;f Ai arti 



in #yj"0*| tUAt nil twi 9%'n f^im tim »im mi Urn dmitt, 

for th« oHy te^tlfitNi ttm% thftr« »»<!• « «si.pi on tii© |*Ui«## 
&n^ that on th® -aign -wa,* tfe© mija*? of tfe* d«f»ftd,antj that ttsore 

®o testified. Tl«® oaly »ipt r@f«ir?®«l to ^y th« »iiii©a» m 
i.',pl.m\tit}4, <?n the 4ooJr of ih« plA©« mi^^ thn ■rosnl •Seyr»« Ust- 
douJjteaiy, If tha rm^Qtd tm^t-^lwrn^ 'tm -ntnt^nmnt of «m«a«*®J 

in erroje to «8ifsli« w^finlt* pirodf of tJ^e f®«3it| if it b® a fiiotf 

It isp i-tot^^^vssrs-^ l\ijpnh«sy iRsl^t,*!^ by i>l>tefeiff in 
^rxoTf ttiist ^ tb© o?sa*5r«3sip of tJ&ft ^l-ao* m«t3 3Rsot jpui in 
laaue tey tn« plwiistifigs*. It «*.*« not iJ»\i«vi3«[rit U|;>d*j. pXstiriUff 
in «rr<ssr to fi&afe« tMsy pro^jf t«»ding to '^hona %ni*i th<i »!&Ic8«ms 

3t:1?# io isturport of ma^h iRftiJ?t«i2T«i>«» Tiv.'it e.^iie »na ©ue in 
iff-htoh ii p-ciawlty sfais s-swi^iit te ^« ir«fQa¥#r«4 f^t .an i».Il.e£e4 
vlolriticm ©f a ©OHjuiled «B5Pk© or4if«aao«;i .'sna wissre it «*• 
oh^irgod t]^.:At & tug 0'«*T5©<a by tJ-t© A&f&mlu,nt ©jaStted i.'^f9 
voIuB»08 ©r ntsoln^t etc* Proof w«ia satle ton<iin»f to »ho» that 
tho t,t,«f©ntliant ira» tfee o^'a^r of th« tugf biit it i?a« %htim 
furthcjjf »a>iil that •aa tli® i'©ai oontroverty «5{*« not ever ttd 
e«norahlp of thg twg, but th«> la^vtaneo of denao 0R«>k«^ ftlio 



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ownership 

/btiXnp^ a giiatt©!' &t ia.due«5«3ig«)?it# l/l 'S'^aa net fm^i»i^m-rf t«i rsct» 

a pl«a of t&« gea.«3f»*l S«n»u9 ::U-.i ijot fM% in l0»u« tfe« vi^fa-ja- 

of th® aftmm^it clmtps4. is tft© iwAiMiioii c?f d«jr#« «?«st®]fe® f-ra« 

it ha.B m» apfii«'»tloa to ;■;* «^*j90 'liKJh ■:>•«« the 05*« at b«T« X» 

th# pr«««mt <?a«« lii© S0fifi3..:ii??% clu^'rg»® *tlit<t tM defendant 
4 Id on t«3 -5flt, Urn f ,iri»t da^ <>^ Jsftusyif» Jt43|, J-^cp op«in a 
o«x'talit »isioo% hntw&mi -ot tif-pllis.^ Ixmi^m &%^ to ?/Sti JIS^ 

nlgfat-tljitft bet^esa tfee .|i-r>wr» fef o;f$« e'cloai^ ii# ik«, una fiv# 
©•oXoek, a. jsi«i, .'.mi aid witfeta tlae pi-&a« aall InlitesiQmtljig 

did, «to», ■«*» not iii^ire if/^tt«' of itiduOi^sis^Btt 7h0' giat of 
fehe off«ii»« cfe<}:fg«?d did not oan»i®t in th& atxitwft of th« 

of th« proT.'Orty by d<sfff«ilftnt in ^rtov or hkn sctrvaniai. 

In th« .-il^fni^-fws© wf :,ny 9i?lc«3f«je j^i;* '■*©¥«]? tenet tne t® 
ahow th«At dsfemant in ©yfcr 0OT4i.Ui0t«d tim e^il.oon -'it tlie 
pisiO« siinsljynki^st^d ift th«? coj^.'i^*irst, the JTlMJisg, of t^ t3fl**l 
oourt viAU ti^% itncl tlrue ;juiip)&l%t i« ^ffiri^(J« 






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EHRf^ TO 

mmiciriiL court 

OF anciiCK)* 

,A. 474 



BKLIYK-R^D UTS OPIIIOS OF 7IIE CCXjat, 

Tlila ?ruit 'f^aai ljy*tit\ifead in the Jfunicipal Court 
Tchrar'.ry 14, l»ir?i by John 3* St«ivcR» .-.ifainisit Frm«t TmQkat 
to recover upon 10 rs"o«il"iOory Bote« for 1^ «<^ch, bearirMj dato 
Doceiabcr 14» 3.C^9, Riturlng reflectively S«?rtoRib«r 1, lf>iO| 
.srul the fip«tt (Jf^y of miQli mtnth tfjer«'aft«rr to Jum* l^ l*.ill$ 
inolu«lve« Itio Yiot.e8« mt^ :i portion pf o e^riea of lictea 
«C.S3r«r/'VUing l^t-'-XX), \wint tb@ -^.^o-unt of a loan r^-hich aefcmi'^nt 
prociirod from J^ll H. B^«Si;;n, ;.;art F©ir« 9«3care<l by a «,r*>rtt deodi 
on oertain t«:vl <ts*jat« owm*^ tjy tb«j ac-fi^mlant, Th»> jwt<y» 
^er» puy:>bl© to th« ordoj- !:>f *4ie jfSttfetsr f-.nt! bnar th# endoxsajsent 
of hiBself ;j.rci one Juiaea Ornh^^is, .At t^@ cioso of --.li tha 
evldeooo %h<st oeurt gr«ve to tim 4ury a j sressf^^tory iBettruction 
to find tn« i'^.«ueo for tho plaintiff m^I to a^aeasr hi» ih^vm.g<o& 
figalrmt oofenslant ot t?61«&S, und upon s\iob T«rdlot ^uti^smtrnt 

It iapi^iAJta froia thrj «>viacno« IntroiViCod on bcth;:xlf 
of pl-jlntiff In BjriT.r thi.;t on A.ril 8, 1009, h© ftiajloyod one 
J-^isoo T« Orakim to conwtirvict & building for th& mm of >^,viCO, 
aoj that ho borrowed ^'4,000 froia Qr-'i'snebciuiii A Bona, -riiiali 
»ao to be nr-pHtHl by t.h© latter m raying Uio TwlXvlln/j con- 
trtiotor f*« the s?ork prosro^^uflci) th«tt the full niount of aatd 
lo^ui w€i» thus applied by Gre«aobaun * rton?*, n.i it tJ.fin boc;ii?»e 



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iosa for yi« insjrpoae of e!o«pl#t:in$ Ha? \miM%jxgi t.hat pi^^la* 
tiff in erjpvT |?rc>sur«4 «wob BvdHiesi^i Uu:m ©l |n,3£XJ fro© 
Sail H» 3i!t«n6;';.i\y Kliioii Ift:^ ^^as ^^^jurmi by & ii®a#M fem^t d^&d 
up<m the r-^fOT^^if^yj ^^^* ^^ nsM&it ay©?! e^n are a |?cyftlo» of a 
sieried 0/ notem exocutad tjy pliUstiff In ??rf03r s'Of said lo;i» 
Gf |2,r;0C| t!-.at nt the ti&s »-a4^f l^'^a wjt» |?ro0ur©4 frmst 
— Ssttscm, it tffaa a^0©5j be-t»«s«m tto^ p%rti«« tivat the --^jmuat 
I ^ of »<4l<l 1©&B felsowld its« pi 5 Id ^ S^^iKifi I© 0r<^^eia«b?iiir, ^ Btatm 
to be by the® paid t© yia ocmtipastoy a« tfe© sfoirit lij-of^refii^e^^ 

wiih;5tiCiiKlln5 sivlcl fagr^^isgeal aficl in violation Uioyeof S€:>»£fa^a 
\ - paia tM fuX% i-umxmt ef issld. loan clireatly te* th« ©^jiityaotoir 

in ftORsaqueno© thoareof f- lain* iff in ^rror was ofeX1l|;«d to 
ex^-end |l,f>73 In otJUKf^letia^ %M f^mtk in acooMane© *lth tfe« 
tttrea of hlft otmtfsiQt. witli §5p;*ht^yK» It furlh^f '^^pp^-ixt^ firOR 
tbe cTki«r«M> thv^t &S%^w th« Kjaturity of ?s<irj© ©f th# no*** 
'^^ is Qwcdilon they --s©*'® in th® ponii^»,ni<m of one 0J-.4jpi«9 P# 
Cfl^e«i«i*> sffto v?a* thea noting in ?*o©e oarr.olty for Se®jsfe,mt 

orror to ri-i.y aaldl not®sj ijfeit defejKlant in »rror Stov^ns 1« 
a oltitk. In tiie ^iisfioy of the «ttorney« *?ho is3»ti^ut«i(i this* 
I / «uit rtgaifKJit pl.^-^itttiff in (•^r^<$Sf rrfkl Uist muld attorJKsya 

ftro il«o iiOtirsg an ictitornoy® for S^isife^fi. Ti.»r« Ir. «viit«noo 
tending to ohiW that th«j itKl«>r%*m?i<*iit cf Um iK>t««i by OyaMm 
^ao ofit Ku^^d« is th3 Uf»UiiX e©ur»« of tft© ncge^feistioa «»f f*;!i4 
notea to 3<3©ir«tig but that sisia m5t«a f?eir» imior©©4 toy Orahcxia 
.it the inst^rtoe of O^eck'vn* ■:i«J tisist (JrsaJiaa tfj^tn nev«.T tue 
bolAer of «feid R0te9 in ilu® oc>ur9«| tli^^t if the notefl in 
rsuc«tioa i?efo in faot r*«>gotlnt«d|, they sefC no aoeotiatsd 
by Soo»R,n .iiul not by Gra,htfu», E-0f«adant in error oi 4»» 






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; J; .'. y Jj . ..Kf ^iiX'^norjC ,j; oeU>a 
• ,^ 4<! .•■''^iv>■' 1o »<: . : : ? I ^:'' ^ '.i t-; 

•■O Tcf 4 Oft ■.a it/w;:;?:/^- X<^ 



ft lmX4«x in ^i;^ o^ujrdiSy t^u«! 



i, ?ii;=-t lh« lJi#tnm#f4t %n seriate •■.j'kI. r©g!iil>"«ff tt|>eis It® 

aniJ witiit3^t notion tlJ-'st it >iv^.s Im^fi r^r^vlou^ily .:il«)fe»no3rM, 
If »uoh tt^m thfi fact* 

4« fh\% .ifc m® tte® it ws*.s ■««:\':atiw.teil t© late h^$ lt.:uil 11*0 



fensea na if 4% i^^i^i^ nm>-?Wig^ti&}>l&t Uu* %h& h^Mm^ «h© 
derliT'SW Jtl« ^ltl« through a h-oldej' In dvx^ ©o^yyae^ afiti ?^i© 

&jffaotifig th® inittrw^^ntji lt«« sSl tJ.i«? ri|.vtitt ol ^ysS'ii tore-i^ir 
lkOiii®3f irs r#ss;;«ot to -hXI pA3ftl#is prior t© nsMili l*©!;:^®!'' ** 

S«otio» 50 p*©?lai^«i 

•E¥0.fy hol^''#3f i.'-j •■'.0«sis«b4 iMlmi faeifi to ^^ a holii^r ia 
cm© oo'iir^iij but wii^n it i"? nLimm tiwi the titlo of .Nny 
|:s:»rt0R who hm xv^ ppti&tmA tu& inf^ttmmnl ym.jf defect l¥«j the 
burden i«? on th<» hol^jfjr to ?:;roir« tlv^t h*? 0? ^■'-oiPie rH5-r«»>« 
undsjp v5ho«5 Iw aii^lifsa acquired ti;e tlti« ¥/'t9 « b^tSdey In vH»o 
cour^-6» But M\© I::^it B&mittrmil ruin doos r»o* ^pply in 

Th<5 ttO"t«» In ('wsstiori h-^vin^ b»>«s» i)fttlor»«d by tha 
tether In blank sfi?53:« se^st.i.'sbie by a?!liv».ry, (Soc* 34, Segc** 

iani in ©rroy aciuirftd tltJ' Id »otcaj> lies 4s,<3Niulr«d <»\ioh 

title by r5«livf?ry froffi S^^eiaiin* 



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TJv© oniy etataeseftta and *M»i-3»l«ma hy ^im^mixn^ 

Thi?r« ?»®.» ftuffii3i<mt <i<e^j,^tsni. ^fi'i&nm ivaciiiced 
to re^mlr* the !3«1>sl«}it.icja to tim Jiirf of tit.® fst*<^9tl»R ^?fh«tlii«jr 
or not tlef^i^lant Xt\ erro* mv@ th*^ ljold«r ©f the not** Ir* %\im 
eouiffi© -'=nd «v« trtRti omtrt ^rrtsl in gi^ifins i« the jury ^ 
r»r«ni^^toj(ry l»atir*«5t icm t© fl?id tiia trmu»« far .;#feoasint 
is drirojf* 

The Jifcd<'ij&«Rl i« f'*i¥<i3Pfi#d AiKi ^-h« Oitufle r0«».md«d» 



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314 •• aO*34r?J« 




Aj!t>eli«6> ^ ) iPVtfh FROM 






475 



?m« t« a ouit luatitui«wl In the Cousity CJourt 
upcm ii hoaHli :^mt accident ifefursir^© jTollcy is^nijed Isjr i j:>- 

XSHj ."rhereia s f«flie« miff ijs-.p^d ti® l5©nf/fiol'>ry In cho© of 
the iioath of the inftuycfl l>y jicj«ifi<iist« A trl.iX by ^iiry ro- 
■MiXteU in ix veritioi \ni ^m.i^mnt agaluftt ^irr^ii^^rit for >500» 
There in no ^sinpttiiranoo h©«« by arr^n«©» 

By t/i* tt^nsa of tlte polioy Hobi^on 'Raw ln.«ur®d 
i-.£vTln«ti -^Irat^ tUt? enfff^et© resulting, air«ctly im-1 «xoiu- 
;$ively of ■■ XI otii«jp oau^ftttn fror^ tecn^ily luxury «ui>t,;5.iy«j4 

sJuioidi«, ann& or ln«an«i| c-tjfKi.^ i>®«»0ml# di^ablXit-y r^^mXting 
froK liln««a contraot vhirlng'the llf« cf t.h© policy ^nd 
iifter it hctd boRn is4ntf?in«4 in ooatimiowa forci« fer 30 
..l'.jyo« 7ho t>oil<jy |.rovide» for th« t>f?.yi:,'<sttt of » sionthXy 
&CGi>t«nt li*i«cmlty of §40, a ifconthiy llXrM?fi«t Indeimlty oi 
the lik« usaount, firal for Uj© payssnt of $5f>0 la the svout 
of lofl» or lir«» Th« pcXicy ilso cojit.Uao n i*rovi3ion cto 
foXXonaj 

•Written rwt.ic^ Wrtii-st b« giv^n to the? Comr-ny 'sithiii 
tw«!nty .iuy-3 rroBi th« a^it© of Any s>coiaent or the bfi-:,i«r.lng 
o" dl3 iblilty frori iilnoaa upon v/jjloh cX..lr, i'" ^^nM, Aith 

herein c!r«olt'iojl f«i;-lX bn ?«r.;.'?rn net- *.o hsve bfr«n rw.;'i6»on.-ibXy 
poa3il3X«j> In wJiioh owent thfty rsuftt b« ao 'ivon ui isuon a« 



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et the C»fejj.^.my> at 3,^ffim^«, KioMri-m, or to f*?, ..iwly i^-iit-iu^^lfsiiJ, 
m^efit 0? t;?i« C«t^^>i;*ay i» th« c*lt.y, t^^n or ccnrnty in '^'liieh 

F<:*ilt4^« o.t tM «^^>»uip@4 or f>«Ti«$.fii;5iftiir i.© ' oc/ii^jiy site lot. iy vc-it^ 
s,*ld notice iss ;,ulrei£«3nt» isiv-.ll limit tia.^ llftMXlty of tim 

Jl%<mt F«tbimYjry ISf iilS,, tfe^ in?mf^ filled out 

^^ef:»x&t«M'y i® <sl,ul»4a^ l?4fi#ir*!i^itf tite.s^@f€>r# tl^J® «ot,l^« 
^ii«t«a tik^t t-fc«- ln*fUTM #a« tektii ill &^ ftibf^n&wf 1, 3.0i;..";j 

A.iy} that .!Dr» K« A« Mi^i^<l1m ?^.«i isi^fe f,'hy??ticiim» Sa &imn&t 
to ^e cjU^ftlon^ •I?^8«» tlm a%^^»»^*^ tii# iiw^urM ^tatMl> 
•Pieurl^y^ yi^>% li*tigi <50u^|. vaffimtJI Wm.'^Mng^ p-xln in 

rertsjrt to Jipjj^ili^at by Dr. M-'.?4©f» ©I liii^ «S3?;Mr.ift'=*.iSon Oi tfes 

x^hifsh IM iiifis (Ud^ i^oeto?) tc> rtJa^g^aosMi tli«i <Ua@s®e ^n pl©url«||f 

In ylglit ftlde, aeanty \i2'in©» 

ol?-sl» for irvlejsunlty on «oco«n* of fei.^ iUr*«aB, of flO p^t 

w&» & writt«»n atstftnafent by hi& ?s.tt«?i^«iri^, phyoiolari^ t»herat» 
appeajr tin* folioHin^ i^^uostioniei and an^wtsrus 

•S* D«r«ciribe Ui& 3yiHj>t.0Ka» tjtiitt led ymj to ^.U^^tgnof^e ti*© 



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U|xm tM« oiAla by \lw liiJ^ured for ijiiiejarjlty for 

'^ lS3i:-U Wq Corwil «*ltt^n iKj*:l<5« ?^■^^ ^^bw «^jrY«4 wj^c^w fepjsf^l* 
- lant t<y ?:.he- i?i?»umd c-r by ar.-«.»ein@si th^t tij@ Injured h«4 

tijs aooliOGt, until thin asult ^^iia lrt*titut«i<i on July 3C, X013» 
^ There ia, ho««v«T> ^~mm ali^im ^ .apf^lJlee timt th« giving of 
such notice i*&.® v?al-«'e4 by atr^ll^-mt. 

R, 3L-» the teatieiony ©f .;iii^*ri##^ whv's »3tai«d ^L^it %in& ia«i.4X«U 
tiUen i,iftft<5 a haxd coal ^t©^^ 1» t4^^ ST(^n% t&om of tiuUr 
houa«f tU^>t tho mxi vUty iii& aarsj.aaiiiM about X^iit^, ill i^ifid 
ih'.xi hitt4 liXis®«» «on1viii%i6Ki until ht0 liesith* On croisis ojc^a- 
lUtttltsR t}i« witjfwiaa ■??tiB &#ijfeflid to atiit« ih« ci«t-a41» of fecpw the 
aoci4er^i hiipp^iusa i!s.»ati ahi& afi8w«ir«4 aa follo#aj 

•■s^ell, it if?i«« .a, pr^tity |>;;,ic| ckiy» Ami &« miaii't ;wrk*» 
log tiu!^t day, »o X s>.*ya to him, I '*iy, »J|*ii,* I m^ymg •! ii,'.ive 
got .^ «lao t^M X •s'i'tftt to r«t it un..«r ^ f^tove,' arnJ fe« sayiSi 
•ah rir'ht, P.naifW, I slii ^i©Ji:»,» so X iJiitc.jfiea hoH of 'he 
eino, ^i«i■A he Cfttoliee hoM of *-h» stov©, {^iKl U4# a^tove wart a 
Jurd o<KiX burner, I suuae it. ntooa «;fems*; th/>t iii^ (inuioating), 
aftd he llft«Mi t.h« 9to¥(» up, ^nd I f^w^hed thft nine u»i«r it, 
aft;:* «o t'Xl Rt &iHje ii^ f»«lcl •oil, ««jy, I ?©«! ?»o iTumiy,* -mi 
9P X finiA$ *Wh?»t*» t.h«9 pjattet J lis,' ^'.n*'l h« a«t iitwoa, iimt J» 
ealci, 'Oil, I f«ai iv»fui b..4ti,» -iiKt I n^ya, »no you?' '.Xivi. iM3 
aoyo, •Y«?«i,« 3.^y« X, 'Xa timte ,'-ny thins I 0,*^ dot* nms 
hts aayn, •Mo,* '.'£fci hf? aut Iher* u»d looked klncl of Tunny, 



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- 4 *► 
a,ad X leokiKl ^.% him ^««*1 I »nl.a| ♦Ji^, d-o you v^aat *^ *© 
do anything toT yc!ut* ?;»tJ i^ eiifn, *^o,' «o I ^UiiftH say 
any iiaor<i» Anvl the rvBtt vtii? J n;:;y», *Jlm, ;^'r'ei yoit ^:olng to 

be i»aid| •! G5.;n*t, ?J,5ttr© i?* -wotMo thing botzwr^ r^ he**?** 
X ?jsid, •t*f-.Ayba yow hurt, ycuraeXI' Xirtitig th« «%tc»v«»,* H« 

a.'.rld^ •w«slX, s»'^-yb# I cll4| ^i3sd I -felt ciwful bsd €?¥*««• ftlric© 

pr©fe««lon»iJy fmm Fffbrujiry 3, l^is^i vtutll K»fsli noth folJew^" 
iftgl t,h«t m)ither the infrared nor svr^-Ms'il©© ever toldii h4tt 

nev€)r hmwd of am e<?cid<?r»t to the liwared ynftll he jieti^trd 
':jtT«31©e tef^tliy In court; th-:rt -'^Imn M fitnt Q^*lled upon 
the ln«5iajr«d anti rati© ar. l«-n;uiry %n t© t.h© pfobe-bl^ cawa© ©f 
t»li» JUnc»\ired*?- llJ.nowsu km w.a« infoi'<s<©4 by this iisa\«p«Ki thjit 
h« h?3kd f^ctfesn i!??«t «hiX« he ^^aa «orJ:lag« Hn further t.««tlfie^ 
th:«t Ifi hin opinion thi^. it?sf*edi;^t« >»&is«« of thu^ *%imifix»«d^i^ 
deifth wad Stffi;^ht*^ dl««ssa«i| Ihnt he dlil not fiiKl ^sjny ©¥l«l««ti©« 
of Ti'iimila* has^tt trcubi«» aftti th*..t the ooMltiao in rjjloi^ 
h*sj fouM the ini«iir«Ki coviid not b«v« raeuitud frosi ^ »^triiin« 

ta^XitiM th-nt his «t.t«m*.M thin iamiiPM irmi abewt 1rh« jsld«*.le 
of Febru;iry until %h0 ^Ifio ©f hi<». ..iftathj il-.r^t in hi« csir-itiicm 
the infiured was affuotod »ith valvular h«*--trt tro\ibXo cUm to 
» <5tr.'iln# Thft Gro9« a«;-ufeiRiitltm of t^lii^ 'Bitniiw® tcMjtia to 
d^vrmoUti-A th« jrobtttiv* ip»iw» of hi* t^sstljeiiony «tt «iir«a% 
ex«(8^ia^>$ion« 

tSi« otatftiijont cA;>ia«a t<> hato b»«n ftncio by tii© ii*» 
idurdcl to i^i» 7?if«|| as t«fitifis4 I'O by hasr to the «ff(>ot tl^t 



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th« iXlr»}«» of which he edi^^h^.itmi ©j^ Febry^»jrf i, i')13, t»a« 
dsuncKl ti^ a atjfjsln incident tf> Hftjlfi?; si oonl ?5t9¥© i^n th« 

imi'.jl«al»«ibi© t.o &ih(m nmt the Injjuredi lit^d sive^fjjslivit! «» i^^eol- 
<*«?i*t» Of %h%% th« lJaTia«*«» of **#fei^h ha %umi Q'mffli^%rx&§. vmM 
9mned by m aofli^iefit. f?3,Rb<^ Jv,^,t„.,ljS)^.it..B&t„^*, ^-^Mmt 

Ail of t,|!nt |jit«t9 am? ctretMiswtsr'iSK*^*!: in miid&rss^n 
gOi«r£:*tftnt to b^ «om^i>i#ti&d t«?M to ?¥!}&?? tl^sIS Urn illx^&u of 

was* due to Q.-mflea oth^y th^m an -i<5«i^i#«t» anc^ tbat tlt« oi;ii» 
of v-iri>«n©© to the contrary *sji r^n issft^rthougM. 

KosONSaflayilyi *^« m?r«,lot of ■«l**®' jury mm ptf^-di^if^tM 
u|'«n a f imping tfe^.t ih# :r',e^tii of ^.h« in^v<iPftd mi& is&\mM bf 

It in Jmiifit«d by »:s*^>«li;if3[t th-ii tli^ faiXwyr® ol" 
the iftsured or of i%pp^}.l&& to give ^'yitt«in liotiao </f tho 

s iri.'jht of rfiQOv&ry anl««it the giviag of mi&h i?otia« wa^ ifttjitr^?! 
by ai3fH*lliint wltjilR *sal^ *?0 day»» 

Appi3 11^9 ilia not ^coiwt M <^l?i,imm% un>iQt th^ l^rtsa 
of th« j)Olicy uii^.ii <;!*« -lefith of -hf) in^yretl aifei as tt^ iioath 

I to Jj-a^f© aiu,'*t.Kts«(l 4».n aoctid^att the ^l^O¥i»ioft in t>M> fdioy 
heretofore qjuotsd •?!%!», jrf^j!"«ir@rto© to th« i?«oulraaent of 

sryitten iM>tic» lio tho innuy^r >'i<w»f« not by it.« t<'f3re»# *l4oa 

fhit t®«iiiaony or ths -*itim»i?!p 9S«>lXi« Korriaon^ 



vf? •:?';'" t'^'•'^^.xt^<!'l''.'!'^^:■• /■;,!; 
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wi'i» proa\aaabXy r>nlie4 ur?©i5i by appall®® os% t«?iMiiig t© i^^Siow c» 
«al¥or hy .ar'^^llawt of ajfigr ^^flttoa n0ti«>« ti«ot th« <l«ath of 

vJaivQsy by 6p|s«illaat# tti© |-'.&rty ©.? paytleK -^ith wUo«& aha 
oit»iisn to te^® OimJWSiloatM f.'feluti'^^ to the tfialia of H.py:«5-le« 
under tim laXiciy mm® not %ikm%i£im\ Isy t^ar ar l?y any other 
«titn©aa ^ft^ ?»y5^t?jS.niiig «-Tjy rs^latloit nhiit'&tfiQt to ^:»pi'^llant» 
A.'-^siMsifts f0.r the ^j^ko of tb*> '5*.s',fn«?:^»t that th® 
la»urtJd «m??tsiiMKi »a©9 ift^ux'yis oam^ssionea tey lifting » istove^ 
it in urpsd 0fi b»h^ilf of apis^liaut Miiit thar© i0 -^^ iiiigtino- 
tion bet»<s«n an ©evident |:,y'c 3a aiui a ^?ilsap resultiic^ fr<m 

v^oluntajrliy ftmt In ih« or4,i?ife.ry wdf «sith ?so yiifor©*if«ni or 
lavoiuai&ry saove^fc^snt. of tha l?oay, ?soah Injiary a^tn r«o*t bo sat<t 

to h^ya rutJuHiDKi fro® aooldefitj^l ]iS0;:ifi0, T^itim han be©i4 

tiGn^f v^iiiofe *■» sir© wSft rm^ dim;>mte<X t« c:<5n?»Msf»' in its* 
V.JP iou» pham«a» or ti> toilaig in ansriotJKnolng a tul€ to b« 

and unu'iiuc-vl rffi.-'fu^i.ti *• <sn« «fe:i«h oouJta Jiot JsfAV® b6<?ii rtuAiSon:--'b]ly 
anticipated, .sJKi frivlcsl'i he ;.ild m3t lr*tt*M to pro&\imi th.nt 
iog «*afi not th« r-'tturui or prob"ble oG^i^equ^nee of nifj i-otj 
an:l ??aa not the result of de?3ir,n| but wtift r^fxli;«5i©<2 vtl^)t— 
i:Cv:t«rdly -'-nd by .:;;•: i-iiicsj, * th© Injitry ?»a® o;:^u3«d 'S^y vi a-a icientai 
)»i<9''jiva vjithin th« f'W.'inifti't of poXlc-iea of accl'.^^nt ijwwrano©** 

^'^^ lB^i-^o^,,^t,.,3v-^t.e0,4,ypt xr^,^if g^>> 1^ in. Apr*., m% ujod 

Ott{»0.o ♦,;';.*>re cl?:orU 

Th« ftppllostion of thin rui^ A-ouia «^»ljraofl an lx>- 
Jury re-suXtlfve frois tho ;?ai of Ilfiltig -a .'»tove, an sUimd 
in %h^ pree^a* ©4^««, or froiB t.^« ««t of lifting a box of 



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tive tc its Hr;billty \M^.€^■m %^ :m^th tuf ?4s« lnsnir*K^ r^^^^rultJ* 

%h<t vi^wa «!?(fjr«!>i?9«<t in tlm mi% ^^n^i^^t^ opinion t^y Ur^ 
3m%io& fems« Xfi ^mM1.1a, fiSc^^mmLJkMU^^ ^,» * 

1K4« s-lxtik iti^^trKioiicjn glf@m lit t4is in*tesw5« of 
«H'<^ll<j§ is not bj*«Jf*<i rtr, ;iny c<>K;f«t<?8t evitltfss©, b<io.irir»IE 

5^.n«5tion in in dira«t ooaflict slth tlie first fsnci e^«oo.»d 

iRn trust iona f,ive» at th© ltis*tsjse-« of appell?mt#. If th.<:jre 

notice b^ •rf,|:«?«il.»?5st|,. %\m tim% imnn^&tlmi 0.i*fe?i ^t lt«» 

of «aivfir« 

T&« fifth ir^truotieii .gi^sm ^t tli* ija^H^^iws!© of 
a?X-®il<w ^ftmmmmXf •-.Ur^otst t.n« i,5it%««%iQR of %Ji« Jury to 

a^6 app^rnntly not ootrfeCiiDs^^a tl^ey^iB* 

Fox tiiC orrojr?!> »i3&i«i4 t^® Jud^p^nt in Tei?«3r»«a -aii^ 



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plnlrittff In cirror to reoovoy tl,i'XX) .s«i il'i«iiifti«d vkav-.g«(8 
fox the sli«i'^d t>r«?*eh by pj-^ilntlff in »rr<sr of a t^Titten 

ooJitjraot* At tbs trivil In thi? ^Ki9l|>©.l C<'>url u<?femlai5t 

anil pl?aiitiff ia errojT h^flrte ©X*?-st«d *o off®*" m? oowtteiN- 
¥-^lAlng <i?ld^r4i«, *.|^0 sour* itt.^>feru-ttfee4 ilws J;5ry t© rf.twjta a 
verdict t\:m\.t%% tii© i^^'^w^si t^ iltf^rkWi^t In e.tror -rtmi t\sn©s>a>«» 
ing hift tlfttg.^s«« at |1,C00> and 4«i.lgs®tit ^aa €}r»t«?r<Kl xe^% 

It \r. irviifitea by pl;antiff %x\ error tn-it ths 
oo«tract jihould ts® oon«*,ni«d aa rrovidlng for tho v-"^l^5««t 
of ?t r«aaliy "^m\ set for ths p8.vE;<?r,t of li'iuidateiS darMg^Sj 
l« tj^if? 6tr^j5t of ito breaoh, «^i that In *.b.js ab««jn8e of rrt*csf 
th4*t a«fenclafit in error »uvttniyie.i aotual tl4y^^;\20«> h«J is not 
ontltied to jrecover tmji c^i^^t^^ mi^^-t^'^'^t % 

??io contract i« a« foliopait 



»3?AT^ OF IIXIK0I3) 
COUJJTt OF CCO«. ) 



3:?. 



k^Wmim fi'nl« uass SStl* clrsy ©f OG«:o^>eir|,. A» D» 
i5I0# )»y At>cl t«5tt90«n 3i;*iirAi,nieji Ol^cor, forjwrly of riillMnifliia, 
no^-- of C&io-'*,^o, r.f:.jrty of tl>^;t firs*. j::,y»tp .-in^l thofeias Sohrailer, 

frciK F-.rty oi" U\n ^motv^. pi'jct s csrrtaln Ivvi^Uio^t lootutO'-i at 
»UKbor M'S tm 43J?d BtrmH in Chicago, I31itv:5ia» mia im-^inm^ 

bslag a rs^'^ll e<if3dy, lo« tjris-.^i': •.-.n-i o-:>nf<&ctiomxy bu??ir*sia% 

•'?fHT:.T<K,l53, tt fur titer aOEirtlfiertttioit fo^^ tti^?. j>i.ireha»« of 
sjiia buf»ia««« by the ir^itty of th^ flr«t psrt fro» th€ p'-r*? 



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of the nttoond i-csri -nan tM r-^i^xv^i^nt cm r^r% of th« r. fty of 
tbc second, part not to e^n^t^ge iti %h& mtim^ or «■ ftirsiJ:*.** ti^y^d** 

flftsorsci p-\Ttf^ receipt ^?V'«:p«:of la liftreby «>CJKnc**?l«Cg««lt p'^^'^V <sf 
%he f»«<jcivi part hereby aiype(?a th^jt h?:* 5«iii «ot for a r«j«'iO'i3. 

of tmx rty-^tf' fjpoK t.ijt« dj;5t«i;|, b? liinsiJ-tll" or in ocmJt*fi@^fei<m: 

oo.nf«ot,iOficry bu^-^ine«i» l« Ui«i City of Ciilcftgo, Ceofe Coiutty, 
Illirioiss, vi-lihln s radli*i5 of ei^Mt i^) hlaeip the cssiRtyifl 
point of tvhlah ^rs.Ji bf5 Hye^nstar 366 f^^-sit 4Sird ^^tre^t itt Ai---.iii 
city, 'inu *;rje naid r-.-rty of ^ho «?«ooirs:4 r-'?j:rt »i«T«bf »;ip'o©e 

of One Thou0(^.r4 Doilirs (Sl#(>OO.GC) »« Ur-jwl-vt/iti^d di„.K4i|^»| 
which r'^rty of th-« K-cioond j-.-art fif\*-^^®^ *;«5 j.-af in &^m of skiOh 

by party of the -Be^soifid i>..,rt :-\t niir;lK;3r :ff*3 ^, 4?th ifts?j©t in 

•'??iti:v®«*8 the iv:ifid*i rtai ««vil« or tis« pajftis® um'Qt&if thin 
tiStli ds(.y Oi vCitoVjey, A» D. ililO* 

aiamjifD m*MBm e3e^.i) 

I5ef enfant Ir, erroi- >\^nt iat© |>os'sa«s3ftl®n of t,h® 
atore biill;ting f>t 366 East 4-3i?ft ?*tr#»tf --mi DcaluctCKi tit® 
bu3lG^«ft ti%<Rr0 foy tsao f^aicl ci>i&-baif yt-^i^r^^ or imtil Ar«'ll 1, 
11>13| «ii<5n ki« i^sififi of tht bulX.lias sjq^ty^* About a 
month prit^T Uj ttm <?xj;»tratlos of th<& le*^e» Ju-^ ^rjieir^ta iiit© 
tto got i4*t ions '«ith th« i^santa of Hm cmn^r for a r«»R0w;-,vi or 
«xt©n»io» ©f the l#fs«»«« m raa th^s Inforss^^ tl*;>t k« «sl,'>t»t 
tti-ivo A l«a»« of tht hxiilXing Tqx tJi« t«yK of <5a« y^fur with 
th« f'rii?ll«-|e of t»o <aii,d| t,l?>ii;si y^itfsig ^utsj^-cst to b&in^ vli^"* 
poimasseci l.f tLe builvliris was jso-k? In tb» 8&^t)nti^B« Defendrmt 

ye.'^r»n but did no*. th«n refu«»# t.c tako st X«4m« upoR tlie tejrrsft 
pjrofXKiiOd by the otm«r«« ai5«nt?». About t'sfo acisoVs bsfor® th« 
exfirtitioa of th« !©?*«!« dcf^Mant in error agftifi intarvlowflfid 
the sg'&nta reljitiva to obtaining ft. lm^t\9 of tbo lHiiL:in>§» 
s4*h th« intention of ucoeiting ;; in^nQ UJ^0n the Ksi-rjEi foxteuriy 
rrojpoaed by thcro ii" ho coulu not otetnin <> Jiaune for thfl *;0rR: 



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httd i9a«©4 *hst tmilAing to piaiatiff ii^.tirror. }')»lfer)vii't«t 

hLT lt!f2>«!»»0 oa A:wil I, 1913, plaint Iff Iri >&rTOV vjcnt Ant© 

not iutmt &f i^t ^;cubl« Ki<? s-gr^^ii^tnt th«t. h& wculi not 
for a pty^iM €*.t t«ft jf^Bro *^ris*ssie in tl^e saiiS^ fe-a'«*i»«?«iS0 ts^iu-vin 
it'jj tejfritojry «reclfied^ >■-??:.« stllX eaferaib^t tot ^cven AM 
ORo-h&lf y«nr9# when h«> vloi-'st^fl it. the «o?iti'a.ct fii-«icifionlly 
f'rovH.#» for the ,p-:;r«i»s?it by j^laliitift l« urroy t© -iffelV^tul^Rt 

I'.laintlff in «»rr<^r v^s iiKlioitlRg unj %n%^nii&n ©f tfe© p.\irtle^ 

'.he ?}V^at of lt« wloJatHoja toy flaiJj^iff i« w.rror. fh^'t 
p.oa;s- d.iKiaf.B i^corutil to r*«!f«j]ri.:h-mt if* error ux-G'n t.h© vleiU;tiofi 
of th« ccntyiiOt ^y pXat.ntlff in orrcip i# uii;:.iUftsttioa;'ib).«> -ftt^i 
It ift ttla<:4r that, In Xhim o*.a©, tb« tt,Rsoti«it <Kf s^woh v,t&»si.^« i» 
not rsaJlXy Hae«riaii*&bX«, TJjfS .tfeo^tiiit .fl«e<S by *.ti^ oontrattt 

6. .lid t<? l>« elfehtfjp opp»'»*«'!'!i'«'» or sxorbttimtt 

Th« py.rtl«» h-^vlag cJ^arXy iiit^pMo<I tin© «y« »a»«<t 
ua ii:juld'At«d d.-'»6J.«f««f ^li$f0nd^..mt in ^iryor 1?< sntitSed thereto 



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ci*>urly ■Jl<*tlft£;ui«««h.-;ifei« uj>gm tj^ faatB froTi the f recent oaa»« 
The mlc ^'^.ppii«;,,tjl© torn is ■*tate-;i in \\m)sy^fimf v « 

of OHft-sinty, the nti|nil;it«**!l n^m '^ilX ustimily b*" hi* Id to tKS 

fji® jw^l,*ji0at of the Munl0lp«a C^ujft 4?* <Attivu^-^^ 



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574 •► ;:^33us. 



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APPEAL JBCSK 



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A ^ i^'i'a' JL © x"^ • 



«iliut«<i in tji© Cimttty Cmti»t by tllmi Bixxx&ttf .utelniatratriX 

5i iiivaiag against tfef? def^ndmat f©^ |ltOC)0 4efet sma |X»tXX> 
4ia,tMi|j«»l> th© debt tc be ?i5*ti(?fi©{| oa |«;iyii»mt of th« <lni&jig«»j^ 

i^f lt« w«» «<rft fejpii* in Ler ft^uifth safj@ml#tl plei*. & ^riCJafwX 

»liit ii'^.i-ifti-AJillt^^ lutVifJig tii6Ct«4 to ixlji^ by bar mdd pltmf sh« 
if/jwa dtx'f&uitedf kad & iiwaffii^ m%3 h5s4 up<m iJic ».*■'■ --it of 

l>i^.latiffa, rii»a la ih<i iiuriiolim* Court of OiilcMO «^ motion 
on a oofttr&et a^^lrwit rori'eot Eaittlng Uiil»f a o(?rror&tio»0 

&aii i5'y«fei)li K?*ra6h*it, wiw w^i* lUe sh*© Joseph M^-,ir«s;hai oi «fct«B 
ftjppOiXsnt 1« c^alniotrKtrlsi t)i«t »£iii «uit SAa Gosm^noQiX 
by p'faftclp* fll«d that day fi»i 4tcooi®|-'*ni9<i by int-^tecieni ojf 



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in t>i« i^^i^X muB of v-XfOOO -Mti^ SSjkI day of 0<3tol>ajr, A« S» 

I:Ilnai.T(|f Oeyti, So« SSG^asSf tris b«'«m«§s b«lns tiie failure or 

a«iaw> uncS. to pij 'hlX ^ontn ana 4.^^*/?.^ mmjpd«d f©*" tlift -•.yaiisfuX 
^uing out o* the rijpiav'l^ t.!-«it JiaM si^t^meat of olula isa* 
aooasrp:4ii*<i by an af* laavit tjy Xaador t^featfald to the cfi"o«t 
tUat tli© i^uit w.« «ei tli^ utiid Tf^i^^ln boM arid ^^it Uiarc wa« 

ij.-3«-j^ f48 i-'ii,tttt;lff« In acild awit in t?.d SJ-tmle Ij^^aX Cowrtt to- 

tii» a.niaa jpi«pson« who are tuo bsn^flairt^idts &i*.j tl*fi i.^f^r^at}* 
lat!»r««tad in ;^taa the a»3,y ii«T3on© intis^^isted in thia r'P«^«t»t 

euit tjt.^!siaiit «ri>8ii**«t| th^it iiie iMil liuiiloli'ril Court lu^u »t 

viuXftxly i'ijBfpes^j^ in mxla o&\m» ao mat %tu5 c^urt obti^ii^ysd 
j\iyi»vilistti3a of tJi^ir p^snontm} tliwAt os June SI, ISiG, th<j 

5J5i»iidi«d <sl4i» as» foiXoyr«>5 tl^rratt fo^- u®a of Oboit^sld, €t 
.il« V3. '^??rfeot F;Bl*.tin.f. KiU«^ «it «!•» G©a« So. 170, 931* 
Plointlff«« cl'^tjR 1ft for f«13ur« t<» sssJea fetiarn of- %o-^it8 
50 i!leii«n «isw«t&r*J, 9?^; Xb9» of yrm t© th© v>xiv)# of 0X#(/OO> 
iou>r©«t At ^/^ |5U0« attswnoyw* ?ft&«, |iJ50 an;^ court ootita, 

is "f itiAYlt Of mid Xaaaor Ob«t.feXdj th^t aft«r^arda aa 

0«i t-iabcr X*, 1910^ the ociirt r^i^ao an4 entorad of rocord fm 







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dr4«»i* in ^itid an»M aw foHowaj Mq-h ecs^ tli9 partl»iB to tht» 

e(au«©,> aM Uu^jraiisponi,. on i^j^iion of the j^iiaiatiff 'mr^it^ it 

ssoved l.h© <joiirt te ^tJtik® d^^f^smk,:;*** ols^ltt of «€t«off filaa 

by tlift %iQ\i^% Uuit naiu ig$*?i€^a be miWt&^- b-M. %"&^.% ih^ l*4<-.;f lag 
upon 84tit\ fi»tio« b® j-iM th0 mm^ Yi&i^^f in p&&%,p<>m6, uxitJi 
9t30 ii» iS, on the I7th 'lay ^f S«|ste^«rf li» B* 1.010» 7h^ 
®&ld plea furthtx *iV*5f« tttat «>n S^r-ta^^r I4t XS^K', tta^pc mi«» 
HXe$ in miM o^tti^s --s; ^a^itw^nt of olaiis fcsp d«.fsa?tant for •• 
4Sij? Jbi!» • of %m-£»%^4 ^i^n^* » • « ,^>^ lb, ...... ♦ t|379«80 

^■10 lfe» * o.f ^-ool f ;Hirii, ,,..., .701 lb. , » . . . . . . 117. ()0 

affect thet th:» p-la'.rjtiff* o*fM th® 4«f^isiiAitt by a oet-off 

court tvi.:a© aM ©n^:s*««l ym n^^t if* «iai4 ««»*»• in tjb,© '^ordfl 
and fl,:„;ir«i fell^jwlsgi ^wtitf (31^l«'t<ei>iiei' Stfa.jf;ih©-i«i for 

P«*f6€ft K»itt.lftg KIIXAi^ a 0€M?i'O*atlO3ftj antl Jo8«p& K-^^raoliitk « 

d9i»t'»i ol'Aisi of fotf^ff flXe^ hftrsln froa Uie 1'11«« vf t*ii« 
s«u««| «ntt UiO ocsurt Jiavlrig, liesnt tha iirgwa«nt» of coui'WMDtl 



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%h»% iK %'ti^l by pisv in till* s3efcu»« b® ':v?',iir«!d ?iad ti*st t.£ii» 
©autto b»3 «mlH8Jittd4 t!.«' tli* c-ouart for ttlal is/^lt^^y^ Jury* tt 

gjraote^ ««ldi piaiuiiff^ to file afi affidavit of jjiijrita iicsrsia 

ttI>on tJiift «aTi'i« no^v Q-'^tmm ^n in xsgjjX^jr aoiun*® for tri.-a b©f©ro 
tli« i»eur| slthmst; a. ju*y ^isti the «»uft ha'viftg ii«ajr<i tho «i^i* 
dSttiSA amii, th-s uifgui^nt© »f «mia®#i» t^^km thin mmi-m ««vi«f3f ad* 

am^ksd^d j«%jissv»at &t ddf«a(San:t.«» ^laiss ©f #at«o,ff for yajA 
'idli-yejr^sJ to ^h«i pS^lntiffs and ji«t yatiirK«a asBoimting %& 
|7(50«04« To this* 3*tat#j^i©«t of olwi® tsas aa ftfftd^vH of 

that %hQ &fm\mt of tJ4a mSm%iUm%»* m%*^ii «i3.a « 

For lntsjr«0t ..,.,.. *aJ;M»M, 

tfaat tfit t^ft Sims dUty ^iv^jra m^n fii«4 Ijb ^ti© i?s^j© ^^tjn^ & p«|hi» 
entitled Stranahft4», cto*, v<i« fesff^t Krti*.tlniE 8111a et al,, 
So, ITS, 9,^i» botJJg S.0 ;?,ff 1%'mvil fefjr t^^i4 l®«i<:loy Ob^jtfoid 

that iSJAld fi«f«i>dsRtR hi^ve « f,o©4 4«f#sy60 on tias jaf^jrit** to th© 

d«if«riaa»t« to the ^»%*-0tf l.> a* f<ill©*«»i tl-^i^.t h« denlwn tl-iat 
«»y Mmrati^Mtim^ »!te ©.old arki 40iivfe4PM to siiid iidfeadamt© by 
tfe« »*1<I ii»l^*intiff» In t&« »«»lK<rff, timt th»y «?«ap« aot and 
«jr» rio% InfSebtcd to tive mxid plaintiffs in ^aid wot-off or 
tliai tb^y his6 reo-alimd g<&C9d« ^hioJi tf?«tift not rr^turaod to (u^id 
plaintiff & in iia,l<J »tvt«off| that tlitreu|>^ti or Sentta^:^? ^H> 
1910, tJ»« ^QlXd^^Uiff proo«$«din,g» r:fc9 h&A and (fiintfsr«4 ©f reaorti 
In aald Mualolpal Court U^ a&ld causi«8 SlssrAff CJiiriot&piier 



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Stra^«bel» lor u*j« of U^ Ohntlsla^ lM.aor Ob-stfeld zr^ Kr»# 

Jomeisli K-'r«:o)if\K« How uo«>e tlr»s p,4rtie«» to thi» oausii and 
thftip^iqc^cm the ooiiirt having tieretofoar* hfi&M tw^ «ivid8i»« aiadi 
the argia^afca oi' ootinsel l» thi*; o^um and b®in^ luiiSr «t«lvt««4 

upon it in o-rCiQfod hy ihG m^uft %iiat aciid motioift be ©i(vter€Ha 
!»nd that tlio hearing upoa »ald i8atlo» t^^e arKl l;he s?.3i£ie .^ex-eby 
i« poA^ponod iiniil 0150 !*• j»* on the f4af?*t day of Osto1xi.Xj| 

- entt^ns^ of r^^ea^ in aalsi Mi^nlolpiii C^isi't in mM caua.^ th® 
following piroo^edij^f,*?? Sii^riff (?ha?3i«%'5pl*©r 8tr«is»sfc.oto C'o^ 
use ot S« 0b!3*f*-3ld, I. Ob-^tf'SM Sim Us-a^ Jl, ObJtfekl v«, 
P-j:ri"ect Kalttlas Milis^ « ef<iypa3ei\ti©% mtsi Jo««ph li«r«ch«ik« 
Mo« OOBfi tii« partid^ tio tiJla oau®et aM ttie?«ui>«ft tlio plain* 
ti:f^a »ov« tii« eourt to po >^i>on« tlse hearing i/i tiiiK; oau»o 
ttlJOB th« 8,*st(i KiO&i^m haretafor© «nt9y©4 li«3?@ia for a iisaw trial 
of thif-^ Oiiua«j whioiii aotion ia ^ientsd Ijy tii® coiiSft. faerc- 
t«ixm tliio oaiuae saaw acaaiias oa fi5.r iid^Ariag upto said SK^tion for 

court aft«sr fci5.arir«g tit© arg.ysssata ai o^vj»>0i itasi b^iiiis ^i**3ty 
*dvii?»©d in the !'re»i»a«, ovurruleia m.}A laotioa uad % new 
trial of thie e*mao ia denied, Tiier^\Q5ea» thi* c»ur»e oomiftg 
on for furt^iejr rrooeecUiig li^xsin^ it iai oonsiaercd by ^^® 
coujrt that firisl JudfjiifMsnt b« snt^sred h^r-^ln on ta* .flr*?ilag 
iifiroitti^ %h^j.i tiie pirtintlff» t^u;* notJuii^g by thi^ suit ami 
ii^at tU« iiAf«mi»ijt« iiuve »tifS recot^^ip ef »n4 f»«» titss plains- 
tiffs tills 06iBt» by tJas vl«r««ri&.Bt« herein eij-eiided, ;v«4 th?it 
«x«>«Viti«ai i.^aMB th&ti&tovt It. Ia furtl^^* aoiisivlarftd 'oy ';Ut> 
court th^% tha -jusMTuftt or lue ;^t*y of 0x«cutioa bond b« fix&d 



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tkt tl'S «uss ©f om himi^^Jt&4. ^^M. fifty :ioliyT&f «»:? th.st pl^iliw 
tljffs fetvy^s thirty day® iis w&lait to flia a bill of e??oepti©a3 

Th« fiaii2 plea furtiier £i>v©r^ th;U t;n« 4uti?;isi@Rt 
«ri^,er«<4 by She cour't in »g.id -e^uae ir, still In fvjll force, 
aot raveraedji ii#t enldej &i\tinfi^.<i or jsi-.d* ?c4dj| tluit on 
ih# trif-sl of «&i4l sanifi tJiiiiJh i*e«i5itei in «5sl<i jutifjfe^Rt %lm 
jp-XipJntIf jf» to fsalFifcaiR %h» ie^mme oii t^h^siir part off^^red ia 

b:ai, *ihi.f3h is ♦l»@ baixls of Ui« «s?ti«sa in thi« present fiuit 
«rid it tas itxlrsittM Isy oourvaigl fo* -th© vl^festl^nt® that tii« 
|y5!.p«jr i»a« «s *inie eopy of 3«iid ^ist-ievin bomi and the iM-k-r-^sx 
iRa<i ire^cn¥e<3 i« wia©r!0« fey fh^ eourt ai« ft^icl 03?igi»i*l jfspla*- 
vlr* boat; thjst tii« pnt&om for wljoss fe^^ncfit th© <^3?i?;,l?feil ra» 
pleviia bom »a« -ziv&ti ??e;r« th© m^id B« O^stfeld, X^^ctoy dfe^t* 
" ' feld Jitad M^ii^* S!» Ob»tf«Xd -&M the s*i?^id r^fky^csty* OKf^nciXi^Rt^d 

«<^ld lltij^Titioa ife tht IimioiimX Ooia** through fei^i oontr©lX«4 
tho 9«3i5«» aad t.hgiy weyei tlie i-M-Svrtlnsi in Ist-ey^iit an4 th« only 
|i!a3irtl«» is iftt^r^at is aald -«5uit ^tRd th«y ar* the ?sa.»s(ei j;.«ifa©n« 
who aye o.-^mkioting thla ;. r<*i9ent iltlgation tj.«» plaint4.ff« in 
the miiem of tlX&n Bapr^tti. atUsiiixiatr^fiTlx of ti'i© ©etata of 
Thomas £« 8arr«t%, cieoeaoodt *!%© '«?»• »h«rlff «rfc«n t»fce bond 
vafi givfjnj thai *h« a^aid Th<WE»\i« S# B3tpj?«tt 4er'^.ft<ia hit* 
life in^««f,.aft« oa, Kureh SO, IDfriGj t>v^t tm shcariff, T^iCwacMi 
S« Ifersottj, had <*M Jiis a^tf^iniatS'atrix^ Ejilea Barrett, hn» 
»o p<?T«oniLl ©r b«j!$8fiQif4 iattiroot in th« r«aovery of «aia 
r«pl«vin bo»£l» 

Th« riebt of j^otion uj^rn ?.hs r«v-levin boai in :<uo»- 
tios given to Thons^ft E. Etirrett, f9lj*i!riff of Cook County, «a» 
on tho death of «aid ThOK >» S, B«*rrctt, ¥dat«t1 in hl« ncW 
©Iniatrmtrix en'l not in his fncee !»ot, Ciirl»tophor @triut«(heis* 
3ot:^ott v» Ycvurfee> 14a Iii«, J^i^» 



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!3tifa»«li#lmjj, s*! .«s&i W|> ii4 %his %il&^p #i*i?« |iri¥i«J9 to SJcdtl action, 

' rop^arly brought \jf tha Mjsiali^tratnu of ss&id Thorn-;** E» 

l\ o/Auaa tt tit©«i« not «'*i?qi? fa«%» tsif>y?iti^ %m% B^kid farjsasi a<lju44*»- 
osktion fm,» upoa th«! raigritss &t thei C!as«» tlid pXo/i i^* to rji» 
ooijis trued istcst *nroni?-ty &gs..i.nat th«i pil«<Ad0aF» ij^M t^t im^M^ 

?*l!aln«t m^ld Btr&.»nMin tot th4J r<gi.i:«io» tfc&t Jifj ii'S^ti 3se right 
of eiotloa \iT)en t2<'© r^i'leyin bomJ. ia iT*^<&^^tion» Its auoh tm®« 
t».3.i4 4ui-a?^4«n^ -^eulii not op^r&^Q t© Mr tSiiSf r-^'s^'affi^t «wit. taa 

& tmt to « 3iub»«if|yfjiit mjtlt Mi the oostrii®! fey tli« Si«3;igi»«f 
fe«©«ttii»« the 4'-*^l1^^^^ saS4^i«i '^^XX I'w.w^ j^t>*i® agalgiat t.h« a«signoi' 
upon tk0 p-ciuM tliJxt ®5j«ti «&?j2iiigB®y hmi no .ri^pt t© .iu« *mpuI 

r«p€^t%0d in 140 II1«, 446* ?li« dtiaurr©? to tjj« j;4©a mm 
roj-jflirly ms8t«AiM4* 

ttAftOirtAd color* and pftt tarns of trifi!«»« 3wmit«x«j 8 u-i.jt©n 

»rlt 1* An followns 



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Stj'^ndi day of Oot.ob^r, 1^04^ fj^srirsa ti.ifiv --^rlt on tM '^itlila 




Biirr6tt» ni»r:i>i/f, by 6©arg© LoiiJ^, Doputy." 



The orlglauii repi^'yin -mit ^ith tli® x-fo'tti*i'& c*f ti»e 
"Pv- ahearlff U;«reoR iyp«.%jes to havf vt'en 2cr-.-t s>r ir,liiii£ii4 ?i&a 

replevin 5v'uit did ns&ft reoelvis frais Hit --^Keyiff «a4. «^l" iU«j 

rroot ol t;h« Gont§nt3 of t.h« rdoeipt >^i«ntiofttiii i© tlie «h*;riff»' 
return. Object, i«»» wus a\»ft^>';-.iiK»^ to t^yia^riOfi #15. offereoi tJ§;on 
Ui« ground th«t -U.e setiira of tl» «timrift iff|jort«d verity iiiid 
w.-5» oo!WjliM»i^ai ©f Ihft fa«% tiv.it »Xi of the |/ircp«s:ty d«j^>- 
«rib©d in th© *?«i4 «f i'«pl©*la mtn a«Alv©*od to t^© plhiutift 
in tli€ replevin t»yii, ao£^7«t*at pfoof w«,ri ivlf©?®** ^.nt tm 
jr«a«Jirt iasatlaiiet.1 in th© ^h^tiSt^n r©tui:'ii w«*# ft» .toilowst •He- 
ccived cjf t,. i* a^rrettf Sh^yiff oi" Cook C.7unty| .ill or tli© 
«.ithia cieeoai'ib'ed rx-c^p^rty ©:?G8pt ^03| po«ntl« 0/ siaaoyted 
colore y^rni 17-T/lS doasea o«2loya vtad r-a' terse cf Ixiyr.* 

fiwttatcrs** 

It will be obttinry«5d ti..»l! th« returii of the iRiiv-yiff 
epftoiXiCiiliy rustUTi^ to ther i*eceipt tiusr^oa crkloyfted ft&jr » 
d«acrlpti<4i of the j.x©f<srty returf«wt, vnd ftsiti rscsijt »i£:M 
thcrefojre rropcrly b© ccfiSlderedi a^^ a imrt of tiio ressora la 
comu?otiots witb maid retiirn, for the p^^rpo^© of iiH^Qrinining 
\ wh/it rr<»?-'«»*y »^» ia faot clffillvcred to %he plaintiff* th© 
rl,:,htii of no thi*d rttstlee lu?..d lM';r?en©a» »aA the eviduam* 
«/a« ooe!|;;^t«at «.ikS Rliould feair© boen adKi%i«4 »^j>.ln«t «|/4>eia«6» 






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401 - 30341, 
ANNA STAPLETON, 




Appellee, ) / APPEAL FROM 



vs. A BUPERIOR COURT, 

NATIONAL COUNCIL 0^ THE KNIGh4s) COOK COUNTY, 

AND LADIES OF SECURITY, -' \ _. 

Appom^^- 5 . s^i^A. 4 82 

MR. "PRESIDING JUSTICE BAUME 
DELIVERED THE OPINION OF THE COURT. 



This is a suit by appellee against appellant to 
recover the amount of a benefit certificate issued to Anna 
A. Staple ton, the deceased daughter of appellee, wherein a 
trial by jury in the Superior Court resulted in a verdict 
and judgment against appellant for t801«50. 

The certificate v/aa issued June 28, 1909, and the 
insured died May 9, 1910. 

Payment of the claim was resisted by appellant 
upon the sole ground that the insured had falsely stated in 
her application for the certificate that she was born on 
August 31, 1890, and was 18 years of age at her last birth- 
day, whereas in truth she was born on August 21, 1891, and 
vjas not 18 years of age at the tiiii.e of making her said appli- 
cation. 

The by-laws of appellant provide, inter alia, that 
its membership shall be composed of white males and females 
of not leas than eighteen, nor over fifty-five years of age 
when admitted; that no person, nor the beneficiary named 
in his benefit certificate, who shall make false representa- 
tions in his application or medical examination for member- 
ship as to age shall be entitled to receive any benefits by 
reason of a benefit certificate having been isBued to him; 
that the subordinate council and its officers are the agents 
of its members in making application for membership, and 









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■ •■..5j::r-,; M' ; '. rxo.f. .ttrii.^>.,„;.v ipoii'3...; i:) ncx o.«oi.j.;i:fs si::^ n.i aiioxd' 



that the National Council shall not be liable for any negli- 
gence, ireegularity cr illegal action by the suborainate 
council cr by any of its officers. 

The application recites that the arjswers and state- 
EicntB therein made are warranted to be true and full, and 
by the terruQ of the benefit certificate said application is 
made a part thereof. 

On June 29, 1909, the insured went to the honie of 
her friend, Mary Archer, a mtiuhex of appellant society, for 
the puipose of making application for membership in saia 
society, and uubmitting to a iiiedical exazuination. Upon that 
occaaion the insured c;et appellant's iriedical examiner, Dr, 
loabel Hursen, and Julia A. Brady, the deputy cf the local 
council of appellant. The queetione ap^jearing upon the 
application for n^embership and the medical examination blank 
were propounded to the insured by Dr, Plui-aen, who v/rote the 
answers. Appellee, the mother of the insured, v.aa alao 
present a portion of the time, and gave some information 
relative to the family history of tiie ineured. 

Quest iona Nos, 3 and 4 and the answers thereto, 
aa the same appear in the printed abstract of the record, 
are aa follOTvs: 

"3, Where and when born? At Chicago, in the State 
of Illinois, on the Slat day cf August, 1S90, aiid v<as 18 
years of age at last birthday, 

"4, (a) Y<nu: height? 5 feet 8 inches, (b) Your 
weight? 163 pounds," 

An examination of the original application, as the 
same appears in the record, discloses that the fi;;;urea "17" 
were first written by Dr. Hursen in the answer to the third 
question, so that it read, "was 17 years of age at last births- 
day", and that subsequently the figure "8" was T/ritten over 
the figiire "7", 



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- 3 - 

Mary Archer teatifitd that in reply to Dr. Hursen'e 
inqp-i iry aa to her age, the ineiired replied she rculd be 
eighteen ycciro old on h^r noxt "birthday in August, and that 
Dr. Hiirsen said a matter of a ccuple of liiontbo v?oclu be all 
rigiit^ that sue (the insured) would go for eii-futson yoiaro cf 
age; that in aiisv^er to inqi iriee as to he^r height and 'height, 
the insured aaid Biie dio not know, and that Dr , Buraen then 
stated the height and weight, U\ the cipplicat.ion, as near 
aa she thouglit they .^ere. 

Dr. Huraen, called aa a /;itneas by appellant, tes- 
tified that in response to tiie question x'egarding her ;-.-ge, 
the insured uaii alie at3.i3. aiijiiteen ]ier last birbhday; that 
the insured stated the day ...ad moiith cf her birth, and tL\at 
Afitnesa figured tne year herself .:i.nJ. put ifc dov^/n; that the 
intJured v?aB a very largo atron;;; looking girl, about 5 feet 
8 inches in hei£;;ht and ..'eighod over 150 pounds. 

Julia A, Brady tsotified that in re3pon3e to the 
question by Dr. Huraen, iiow old she 'iraa the insured said she 
was eighteen year a old. 

It io olearly established by the evidence that the 
application aftar it wau filled out by Dr. Hursen vias not 
read to, or read by, the insured before she 3i-;ned it. That 
the whole proceeding was conducted hurriedly and ivith little 
regard to accuracy of statement is manifest from a consider- 
ation of several incidents disclosed by the evidencs. T7a 
note particularly that while the application states the height 
of the insured as being 5 fset, 8 inches, and her weight as 
being 135 pounda, hsr height ^^as in fact 5 feet, 11 inches, 
and her weight :7aa 110 or 115 pounds. 

The facts and circurostances in evidence are strongly 
corroborative of tne testimony of appellee's witness, Mayy 
Archer, and we are disposed bo conclude that the jury *ere 



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.....j-x. .tvi.... ' J':./.;! :::• • :■-- ■.■^'■>' '--'-ii teh'fiio:; col sfiiacf 

,: .~jc-\ c'lX '10 Oil o:.-- crag X aw TCii bar. 
Yi-i:;-:^- v--i.i.. :-^ :f'.'.. ;yj i.^^r., - .^ i^;..,.. ^ic -\t. ^^■.::■ si.T 

•■^■i*i:.I 4':f-. : - s '.■:::■ n ■:•- .;.. j.o -/^.-.^'.f thtii' Li. J iC ti'ilirt'ioC fT'iOO 



i3arranted in finding againet upp<Jllant upon ths ieeue of 
fact iavolvsd. 

Dr. niirson, in lurjn capacity us the regiilu-r exumining 
f- phyaicl.'Ui of a{)p8llant, waa the agent of appellant y.nd appel- 
lant ia bound by her acts rithin the scope of hex auti-crity, 
Johnson v. Royal Hgi.-hborB , 253 111,, vi7Ci Tur uer v« Moaorn 
TToooKion, 18o Hi. App,, 404, 

It if) urged that the court ; erniitted iniproi;er 
crosB examim.tion cT appellee by h«r ccun«el when aj; pelleo 
was ctilled ae a witncaR by a.-peiiant. The evidence auauccd 
by such crosfe exaaiination vould have been competent in ra- 
buttul and the couxt did not abuse its difjcrcv^ion in pfor- 
iLitting the /yitnos© to taut if y upon ^jhut purported to be cross 
examination. 

The ina'ructicns ccnsidered ixa a aerietj stute the 
law with aubBtantial accuracy .tnd the ^ury could not have 
been oif.led thereby. The lattsx tcrtion of the first in- 
struction, of ^hich most ocrioua c&ruplaint io i.,ade, ia L.ore 
favorable to appellant than w»s justified under the iaauea in 
the caBO, 

We lercoive no substantial error in the rticurd 
and tho jud/jment ia affiruied, 

JUDGMICNT AFFIRJLXD. 



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TitT rm^'\.t or tiie r?tA-?i: or xil^jois, ) 

\ Fi^^,^tlff la Error, i" 



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1. 483 



DEI^IVCKS; THE 0PIKXCW OF ^^OT: CO'.^nT, 

Tolicwins «t*»?# ^^^i«2s ^i^ ©ats*t*0d hia |:loa of not ^ttlity^ cM 
hctvifig ^'.iived *,tit,tl by Jury* *^^*^» Mt^fi, A ike.iring b<?;*oy« th« 

I>«rlc3«l of oiw^ year. PI-:;- 4 nt Iff in ^^rror »©» al»o Ui®n ei'*'S»n 
leave to tsnK^t int.© fccognisajioe, j:i3 j;rOvi?i^d by »tattlt»^^ 
.saa ftooh r«ccf;Bi»ancf« Sn t-liMe su« of $?>0Q t«**8 tli&R entersd 
Into yncl s'irprowKi. Thereof t«r, on iUi^uot ;>^Otii, foilo^ljij^f 
the court ^.-«« .In.forieod tUtt pJaiAtlff In srin:)? ha^l vioistod 
iho teritsa of aiia oraotf iT> thi^, that t^ fe^nl faiied to r-^y 
the m,m of S^fO ,iu« ^mx |>ay;iJii« Awpi^t ?50tlit 1913, whsxmipoa 
i-*i attfi^J-u^^nt «as ej-uerei^I to I'veii© iig^ilnat tiliifi* An attofib- 
f:*«nt mia t^isn l3i5M#d for *lie ;Apf.«.'ir:'Aao« g? i-l.-^lnttfr iti *5raro* 
i*orth?fith# The Mtt5>.<{tors«?5it docta «ot, orp'^J^r to fe;jv«» btsea 
ociryed on pl^vintiff In crropf ?)tit ♦,&(« or.iftr t?n*.<*rod t!^ Uss 
court otj ;5f;tia Ayj^tt a8%h r^cUe^ tiijiit iTlnintifC In <trrcr> Hi» 
well in hi«« owts proj^r p^Jp^^or <*<» b? aoun»ftl noKiJ^ into court* 
Tliia ortior iaporttt trerily aj^^l It E»at b« pr^aiss^sd ttet fXniil«» 
tiff ifi nvro]^ «fe«« then present in oourt to ^v?v«'«^r fos* fai® 
•ai«r,ed a»fjvuit» 7li» caiiso tn«n atoodi few he:.iying by the 
court upon tb« i«?«u« ■^-hetii^i' or not ploiAtif^ in error waa 
in iicfsiuit in the pAy?*6int of tjfjo '/rit«kiy ,-llow?4Tii6;e to his* ?.if«. 






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until llajroh 30, i9i4| -fthen the r«ooir4 tuliowft tJy^t pI.-itKilff 

ia or^or In liio owis fTOf-er peraofi a4*.«?« into oou*t^ aivi that 

Ijy ;igreew«at of the j .;rti«» tSi« h«r*riBg of ih« a«w»« mm 

eontiwu«>d ufttii April 3xa f©i3owtj^» Tivsr^after, an Arrii 

Sspd, ioth, »3srd ami 38th ftm\ on li-^ij i4th r^tjd Slat, forao^^lng, 

ther eontlKued, tm ia»t oontinayiaiJEKS© bfting to Kf^y sand, ^iien, 
K»U<jt i*Airport« to b* the fij^il J^id/j^.'&nt o* tl^e court , «aa 
ent^fftd of r«*ocr<1,, a« follow? 

•The 3t'A*««3 Atiomfflfy no-v? h«re t?iC«v«a tr,*? Ctmrt for 
flr.al jw1i2«-.vi?^t oiii tlia fir^^iiiii^ of S'^^Uty ^istex-ied heiraJln »;^4d 
People being i-opro^^nted by t>^ ?!tine»» /.t<>or»Ti«v^ wt^l «:iM 

ytiC^im :iii Kffi^lA as fiipi'&sttuitftd bj? aoitnsHiXp ?»,3fi«:} i-jtot m^ying any- 
tiilajj fiii'tisftijr wtgf 4'**'-g^^^'if**' *^^ *-^^*'^ Cinirt ■>^<i<mlt5 not no?? b* 
r f o«oiii>a*»4 ;»Kfi*iii3t him on th& finding of f^xilty ©i^tcrM he-r«in 
in tiii^ oai*rt«, tb® Oo'uf't fim5«* Ui^-% it ha«» iuylaciicti^sn of 
th« RuMe<st'«>si--^tt«y of thi** c=*u«« .'.mi of th© p;.^rti0«i iveretOj^ 
■ami It ia aoavii'3<?r<»d «fKi «a4«c^g«Ki W i^i^ Court tliat Si*ld 
a^feniafit J<>hn n» Bi^o^w In (%iiXty of ubAnitonlng ^^tlthout f^.oo<3l 

pjrovldo for hj?jr# 

"AM it t^fp^fsrinf, to tte CotiSrt *iin% tmra i& :-^ti nt*^^»^m^n% 
exif»tin.5 ^>-^t^een t4v# Cr/unlf of Co«k .'ind tfc« City of Cliio-igo^ 
io ^<-ii-.i" County to I'eofsiv© »a.-.5 k*9p in *h€? H<.am§ of Cort^viiott 
in ?isid City, all r.:?r«on« -^Jiio *»..;? bo ac-yjti^nood or oot?a®itte4 
thereto by Ihia court, it If* «jo.n;%idorod, ojr':i*)re4 .-.md ^ii«:yvid^4 
tlivrt aaitS '..lef^FK'lAnt - John ri» Byo«ti - bmi^^oee of a^^ivl Ju4rit«5«fit 
of j^iity, be ;^Ti'j ha i« h<^r«»by »«fR?st^noe<i t© eonfinets»nt ;jt 
l*bor in n«ia Hou»« of Ccrrcotion of the City of Cl\l»&»i:.o» ifi 
tho Coufity of Of*©k afj.i f»t;vt0 of IDixmi'^if ff-^^i^ th« t#rj» ol' 
©i* ii©nth« fr^sj ftivt cfter *24& si«li¥rtiry of the boiiy or i»»xid 
4e/.'en;.iant to tiso riup^f-intem-ittnt of *isaid Ikai3r«5 of Corr^sction. 
Ami tli« a iiiff of t^ii^ Court i» hereby ooe«.Ai3v*ed to tal^.o 
t.fc,e botty o.f «>i:*id a.0/o>'v^.«r!t J<jhn H* Brei^i •• fro» ^iu^' bar or 
thi^ court ;sn*i acilv^r the bcxiy of said aefv^rxttint to the 
Suj-.ftjinteridSBt of e-^i^i House of Oorrfiotion ;iiv: th« S^ui^rln- 
tcjxtent or miH Ha-u3« of Cofreotion i«» hereby oorc^vtyiiiieU to 
recestv® ihc feody of s^;.i.i.'; <\^ ^ miinxit ^ John n» «ro-^<«i -» inte lii« 
cuototty and cofjtfir.c »ai<l >1i»f«nc'>ant ..it iabo* in ffaid Itoiisjo of 
Ccrr«otion in iif.f« .if^i sesure cu»t<K{y for ■^nii tliaiing a.>4iti 
tore aft afore3;>,ia, ami th.^t asi<\ aef«n<Umt be tyhsrasft^r 

•It i« iuTtLdf ti<.Tini.}4f'c^\X by tho Court tiv'^t nfiUX Ttrovle 
h;:»vs isr^t Ti*ccvoy of «ii-i fror-a «;^iv dftfen-:l"Aftt tli»"? co-^tu h«jr«in 
it ad that oxeoution latiuo tw*rofor« 

•Tr;« ^-i^aa roof 1« beinp r«r.v«'^©fttedl h*5r<^ by the ?»inta»a 
A5-t.crn«y, j»i»a tuxiiX fi«l"ea;k5int • John «» Srowt^ batng p^^^^'^nt 
in fcie otmi p^opet r^Jf^oa «* s«XX a?». r®|;x©«6nt«a by 'ooun^st'lt 



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and Muid dmfeti(l&nt h^vviag boon cofivi<3t«d immin t\« ah&im by 
th« r©Gcrd la thS-.'- cuu***?, ■./Fp:t than Court Ii<avl?\'. <ie>.Hrd tiie 
e»id»no$ i nt ro..iwo^'s on t3^ tflrsi of this C!'iu«« touching U^^ 

jjt^:i craorea t.o p:^ to Amij\ IsrownQ thts -itito of ?5&id ^,t(sf«f^^»■mt 
tot tiw use of &■^^id i^ifft f.hc nuti 0/ Sixty Bollapa imiv^m&t 
aM T«ft r?oU:'>r« (.>llC»00) .'s^.^oi'.ly on toxufey of mu-^k mifi\f. until 
iwzun% iJj lf-jl4, y-.ts fSrsjt f^eok l&«:.;irm.iiHi; 'Pith thiti :^-iyf 
virovi(l«a Xeuva i^^ ^.iven i^^.t:! cj«&j«niutftf, to p^f uny mm ^f 
isMorwy ivayabiu li^'ymjtnder to t,i»ts Wwrh Qt thiiR court # %nd in 

Civ?ifk 1;^ la thj*t ORr>« :;irciot«sd to t^^^ ^^*® wasv® to th« 01^ 

•Xt is ©rijsreGl ihni lmr\tisi "tm aM It hitt^bf i^'i ;';r:xr>t©ci 
to Siuid d«f@fK:k'snt to tsRtt'jS" into ii r#c<>gRiisa«^o« -vitfe isvij?«ty 
or evvretl^H aa »s..?y be v'.rr/--ov«tt^ i>y tUit? C^urt €>r •?. Jvrdrv© 
th«rftofp j^aki r«K!''>|^i.y.yaoe io ijo oontUtiomtd aooordifyg to 
ln'-fi ixi Qii^&& or thi'A {3l,.aru«;(t.»r, ■n.t to l>«f In the oxik of 
Savan Hun.:f<r«<l o.nci lfo/3LC>0 I)oU«jra (t7(X)»00) iirui pi^^y^-5bi« to 
the? pGOr.i* of tl).« mate OJT IUiriol«, for U;* u«« of Anmv 

•And In srafls Rai^'v <:t«f(sn.j.&jit ssfciJU «nt,t>!jr ifcto sv4«5.i raoog- 
nit^.^noe^f nrvd th« «5aiw ^ishi^l b« i^rpjfo?©^ by thic. court ■.laf a 
juJj:» thcrrof, in ti3*=t «5t««« it U^ oruajped tls^t n^iid d<^f'ftf3.ait«t 
bft roieissiSdi fi-o^ i;u»t<j4y for tJse ej^a©© dit on© y«ar ftcw^ tbls 
dfet«»* 

Section I of v^n A<>t x'slntine to tb«i /.tv^adloms^Rt of 
^if« or Chtiar«n, csft^y !*efiaing ts^io Kii'fanm^ fixing the 

•If tis« C«»art b« r.atiafteti by in?org!,-».tlon an:! Jtti« rrool| 
uiiier oatht tiVit ?At ■;*iiy tire* duri/^j i^iO yf^air tJi« clolorkUmt 
h.y.s ¥iol-'it«a th« t^tim of «wji4 o^des-, it <fi.-!y jTcxth^sitii r^na* 
o«©d -^'ith the ttif\l of Urn df^ t GxvJ.unt uma«r th0 criein*'».J 
la.ii<:t.?frcnt, or «<5f!t«5rice hia or M^r uade* th6 oirigiaij*! dor*- 
viotion^ an th^ OitiS© May b©** 

A« t!s® '^rit of i^ ttJiitehisent T^ilcli if&n U%m»i& ^nainRt 
rXiintlff in artot ^ix» novesp tierv^Jd upon Jilia, his ^^rpeiaranoft 
In court ms<^ not r^i«fr?9ible to thii ooKiKtiM ia aaid writ, but 
r^tUar to th« proviaion of fei;» r60.i|al£.::.fia« to jjKtJta fci« 
•ptjyaor*;^! orpctixaae* in couxt «ij«ii«'8f<sr «,>r<l«r«Kl to do »o 
witliin .1 ya^r*" It ^vlIJ be ©?>.'5(53rv«<i ttwit tl^o lin-viZ oraeif or 
juvtj^acat "iibo*?© »et forth ;-.n<i »iiich is? t.he only or.lar or 
ju<1:^»«at ii^i** inirf>Jv«?l oontalna no fija^liag oif ?*«citai Uml 
til© oaurt i*&?i «aiti«fl<?el hy infonsyitloa ftmt siM« r^roof, uivier 
o.i*thj^ tii&t plKviati^f in ervOT h^d vlol3t«d tJi« tnnsn of th© 



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w«!>ekly» B<9inc cyl«:in<a niatute# It i^ to b& v^'^rlotiy 
i3onfttru©d, arvi we mn^t^ i% iy» rr^mntir.l to %tm v&li;Uity af 
tJse Ju«g;®ont h«?irs ^mi^^ht to h^ gntcsrud tb^it it i5*houi'i ecntaia 

It »sy be "su^ig^stftdl t/iiit It Mpi>e-fi3p6 upofi ^h« ffnee 
of tite rooord eltk^^r tn^-^t flniatiff in ^ttot had Ki^a* soeso ©f 
th© pAy»«nt« r«quir©d t)y the o^isinal ordwr, or that the ooux-t 
h/*d. In lh«i Jix«rs!i«i© of lts*t 'llasaf^tlon, aJvs(jf,e4 the /'tjsouat 
tfeat pL'iiiitiff In ©rrojp ^a« requirsa to pay, b«teau©© it i«» 
apparent ^i^if^t it plaint iff in fitsist h»d tmi® no r..*Tsi«iit0 i?jb^,vt*» 
ever, a mich ii4rs«» ntec^unt tlian §60 «cjua4, In tli* ab^^fse© of aay 
©hang©, l^v-tve bfsem du« aiKi piiy::*&ie on llsy ^.-i, 1914, l.f v>«y 
Chang* «a<» rado in tjlift oiaciint pl.-tintlff in j^rror rfaa jp^niilred 
to p»iy toy *Jie orttsy flrat feniitip«a,, tliS recojra should f»o wj^oitj. 

In vlfsw of ^.hs feet tjsat t^i© 5irr^4a.ra.aee tn ccuirt of 
pi<»intiff In erroJf» «:'*ereby ^urii^ diet ion ma a«t-it«ired of Ma 
pdrsoa, aa» not In sesjomw to iOae ^'?rtfe of i;t;t;iehP<ent «^alch waa 
ia^ufidi ae^^innt hi®, r-^e ;.io no^ d#e© It rs«Kj#g5s»ry to aefe«jr£iia* 
nh$itMt a rrooftfivlifig In i'*.ttiiChi5«nt iw»y proj>«rly be. lnvo<-.«^ Ib 
oompul»lon or r^ni^tii^nl of -j defen^ie-itt miio has la^ido 4ftri^«it in 
P'*ysontft reo.uiroa tc be mxd& in f?uafe a c-«e, or wh^sthor ih© rro- 
per prooondlng ie by fj^rfsiture o:f tho reoognis^vRO© aiid «r*» 
foro«s*^nt t.r}<*rfcof by eKaouticw, ^%i» provid©*^ by \h9 ^totJ^te* 

Th« iw\f,S!!©o% in oth«3p i*et}poct» i« tn conforialty sitb 
the rrovlsionft oi' neotion I of tii« ♦jt^>-tute lis <;u«otitoi5» 

Aft t,h^4re la n© liftfltjjnKant of orrot i^hioh siuoatic-na 
%tm p#oo«eainu» rrlor to the «rjtipy of ^Mt? final ^ml^^.nt^ it l» 
• umieoe^ary to rei^^nd tJio 05ui«»« for a n^-rt tri^-i^ but the Ju^g*. 
ftCMt -•rill bs rGV^r3»ri AnA th© oritia« r«sti.Miaod to th# fUmiclj-.w.l 
Court x?ith 3i6&v« to defen^^ant in orr-^r to thprc* «ov« for a 
rropcr 3udc»««nt* 



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THS PEOPht OF Tn& ^TATK OF ILUIjCI::', 
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BARHT H^MITI!?, 



Pls,i?5fe3Kiff In Error f 



tmoH TO 

OF IBICAOO. 



192-.,... 485 

Afi 4Rforj¥,;:>,ti«>n fiiotl ir* -tiifj Ki^icip^a Court oJ.nrge':^ 
t-h-at 01? Mity ;35, 1914,. t'l'^iatlff if* terror •wh* ^^n idl© unci 

hl54 ©Kspley^jftiit ;ss;i e«llln|!; •'\n.i^, tUd not provide ftvr hiiu^seifi 

butslneaa »-i3cl did l-iovhStUf.iiy fsi*ir<^JKi hla tiae by fcr'©';>u«Rtla|; 
hO\iS0« cjf i U-f. .;,««, jui t.in>iiftS ®fi<»P^# A'itliftut giving a 
gooil aceoimt of hl?M«>ifj is ^noi^ to b® i« thief, er f.icjkpoelsei, 
hAvin^ no i-swful fc^-i-.na of i*wpportf i-md ^an h'lbttU'^Xlf foimii 

or crc?»j«di tho:^ouijtit^%inm, ft?^.r», tlppUtig s«hopa, ^.cmit-^sf 
to the fosTK €ff 'vho st.'^.tut® in nuch c%^& m^d^ i^-rtcs fr©vi4«!4, 
and 2Sig.f^in«t the p«sacft ^itisi cU^nity of tm p&opliss oT Illlaola** 
PJ.*ln*.Sff In crroif mi^ftr«4 feia pl»a of r^ot gwllty ami up^m ft 
'.ri.-.. I by ;Jujry i(&'^ ?mm<l i?uil%y of b^sin^ v? va^tbond as ©hn.r.$«Ki» 
©««)« 4u;U^P!©ftt of <5iSj5*lotloti, tfee lii'ture of which Isi not 

•inii tU4« s-rit ©f arrojf 1.^ !f.-ro«®cut»l to te'vcrt^^ nuch 4«up$ent« 
Th<t infottmtion iruh\jt%n%i'^^XtY folXo5t« tl»e l<s;»guaRe of ih® 
9tstute. 5'l«ctiOiii :'7Q, Ch.%f'» 36, H, 5. X9i.^, %Q objeot.lon 
to th«* infor«5^f.jlon., «itl»«r ^^.s to fei*m or f)ub«tc>.nc«, vma 
lnter{>o«»6v1 la tha ocurt Iwlow -^nJ no bill of i .-.rtiijuL+ru 
»it» re-|ue«t«d to b& file%U ?h« infors^'stlon la muffle I »nfi 
as ij£ialn«t «ttsok ftfter verdict. 



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It 1« urg«d %hA% iJi« Vi.yaiot i^% not mA|:i>ori*4 \sf 

that he hi%<i kBQ«m plKlatiff in ©trcir a iittl* ov@r two rmiv&i 

%bs*t pl'.'.lsitiff in ^rroy hn^ •^ung nut* ^st i?, i^igae ^stoir© i-tt 
2;^mt ^ty«<«t aad 1?a^v*6|| a¥#mi« for th.» jB,at ycfd.rj tlit^t ls<? 
had n^en pl;*lft»iff in errojr urovtnd tli^^r© cr^ry nl^ht fc^i" th« 
Isat y«<ir» »M8 lAtii a» $^ 4 '*ntl 3 ©♦«:]to?;iE Ift tb.^ m^rninj^ 
tbat th« plao« s?fi..» fr«qu'4Kt«4 by fiisps* .j?a.l piofeperoJ^tsj 
tuat tfce a?»80clate» of t4--.intirf In ^sifror R-ti-© pimp& '.*nt5 
fickpocKtrtas; tli«t pl^istiff in error «aa ,t f.iok|?©ckfft; 
th^t he i«4V«i* Knsw plvilatlff in otyor to do ^^ay «ojrfe, except 
about two Bonthft in th« J'ali o.f I0l5* rfiea k« mifrnged s 
^alooii ftRd «£>.*■«, CkT waia ei waiter, or ^an in oJi^ijpgi ©f sj»lt»ra 
th@r«« 

?olloe officer Csrey asd 4et«ctiv« serge&nt Fl«r«>t 
te«tifl^d to «u5>»t^.;nti««lly thn »iim» fjiOtSu e.*io©f;t that tiie 
laot mxtmA ^iin9»Rf ffm «a8» on duty fyote 6 o'oloafe in tk« 
Kcrnlag to 7 ©•oiook in tfee ©ventngp t«»tlfi«<i ti\ftt tm »a«r 
pX'iiBtiff iii ©rrof in the nf%im slgar atora »e4ariy evexy (lijy 
between .^ o^cX&ck in th« .^ft«moc«i ^«a 7 ©•»Jo«k ir* th« «¥«jiiiAg» 

l»l/:jintiff in error isKi.i« t* pjtist&ime <Stf tiim-nimg thi^t 
b« had b«Nic «n?-i9!g«KJ in flv« r^jstur&nt b»*»in©«» «ritfe one, 
Llpc5bit«, at 1936 Areh©r AV«inu«, ?»ino« April Ig KU4^ ^ind 
th'*t ssaid Ddi'iit^fls fiP0Tid«4 hiK rs-ith .^ lcii?ful tm^m» of 
«usiiort# but the t«:<>ti?Bony o£ hij;;n«lf «'nJ. hia >?itne«9^ l.il«~ 
ohitR, is, on Its f&o«t *m inc4re<Ubl« An>i ineon«i!st«%at iih 
the oat^vbiiahed fuota and cirouiK^tHXtced in «»vi ifsaoe, that 
the jury ?>«r« i"uily justified ia wholly .U«c»r<%ditlng th« 
ea,i»>« ?l."«intlff in error .lo«a not deriy that he «?a«i asa<i 1«» 
u piokjpocket. 

It i<j »alct g«a«rally tb;.t tho trial aoxa-t ifeproj/erly 



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,: ] ^' " ,.- •?.: , VV;.x>. • , -.; J^-' ^ffCALiiH 

\:- ^ ., • ;;•/ - ' ■ ., •:^ .■: .' '-Jt »°fQ «''^ ,Kii/i<o 

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^ ■:■■". -a '. ' v.. . ... M;,v *>v. ' :•/ ■. I *i\i^fA *(»««■ 



» 5 * 

•videnoe nsk9 ?.-dai *t«d bf T.ne oourt^ It was, iri '^ fax a« 

ony objection by jatiintiff in axror^ ^iftattons relv^.tlsg t© 
tlHs osafc|45tsricy 0/ «vii«n©« caft no% b« r^la«d for th# flrat 

tlaao In a c«iiTt of rs4vi«tf« 

But one «5t5^««tios «-:vn Snterroft^d fey pli^lnt-lff Ie 
error to tft€ ©ysii in^stfwotyiona c^ky^sn to t^.e Jury, ansi the*«s;^n 
thig ctTujrt g;Str« *n a^ditlmiiii inj^tructton ^nioh fully m^.t 

%h» St.>.tr« &i'-vl0^ ftiiown tii.%t pl^tintiff l« «srr«?^ JiM 

hl9 kao«ji«dg«, ftiKt i« th,^ <\fe«<»K3ce of .i»y er«cHbl« rrcof i^ 
him of such faai, the jury "-^'t^rs ■?^i'S'if.at«4 In finding thui hii 
had ao l-H^ful tmnnis el «ur|>ort» Poct-Ji^ ?. 0'K^>eio . l?8 111. 
ApP.t 86» tJiS judgement of tris Mu«J,el|>^l Coiirt lr« &ffirss8d» 



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3UT8* 



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J, C?«i^/^K. !i-41lff of ^h© HuR^ip^a 
■Coviirt of ^iio-::i:o, 

Ojj A*'f.o-l of / 



mwM mmim 
IfOTIDS TO niesoLVE 






486 



This if» «vft a|;t*«:ai fey TJ'*® ^ot©» BorKJ 4 Mortija^ 
v^ny of !?e^^ Y >3rt5- frc»i sr 4m,«iy:i«>outoty orii«r of tn© Cir** 
suit Court overruling ^b^^^H^M's ejotloii to <ii#«»©3.v« a ttsse** 
j'ortiry injunction* 

The bill al.leg«» %l\Bt H'^H^^^ osfi Jt^ije 3, il'li^ 
®0re induooii to <^xi»«ut.e 3 a^rtiiin ^wtgss^ftt «ot© ar Ts^st^e for 
vaarimis auaia of ee-aesr, .sii of nhiQti, mAmi -nt^siat ms4© pisfabi© 
to tiis F«^-^-ife Di«3tiXi«»y Cc®p-*«y# ^'f^'-^ »«© of wfcioh notea 
««a in tiie «ui» of ti;533»B5j| * tha n^oujit oC t'M reBsiUrtilgir of 
tii© ®«id iK>t6« b^inii; to ;ipp-«slA«et« urs^tiiO'^A, ^jt, to tj),^ bofst of 
the Knewietige of iirr-*5Xl<W55'» b(?lng of %M f*\m of Jidvxsnty-i'ivs 
doliajfs (|?75»0C) easlii that tif^o «x^oution Of «sald notea 
•8m-,« obtuiaed by i*nd thrcugU oiryymDfsafiic^ fxt%i E5i«i'epi'ed©t>«» 
t^itiaa, v'fitti tho ylglit of ottiKii&.Ui(.tis3r« ^ma r^voe-atioa oi* «<3«oh 
of a;iild &ote«>ir in I'm m,,a:e3ra iJ;o/«of; tiiat on th« above viAt©, 
B. K, BXiM* .iftdi K«?*r»^ttt agentft fox th« Ei»t'ir« Di^'ilUcyy 
Conj ny, a>3.le«l nt tii« pXae« of t>u?'ins:is* of e.ii:^l^t®*« ■^^ikJ 
jreiT«a«nt©d to tti«rs th«.«t if thoy .?oulfI (»3Ke<}tit« to tfc« v^itid 
E^-iro t'iotill&ry C<mf;my %l\a ibave Ci^nttcaed ni"5t0fj, U»ai 



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i.jii.' ''5.'' .-•^ *;.v?:'^'r,l'»X 



Ujpon ih« ®x©outioa ©f ©aid noU)& certain barrels of wliink«y 
^vhich va-or© ro|;r©tseitt«t4 then ansi tijar« by th® waid BiooV.^ to 
b« th« pfoj-^rty of %lm d©f<»ifkcten*.g th« Ei^ir© Diotlilery Coj»» 
p;my^ free froia ali incuEbra?Mj«> :^cul<X \-m d«li^«rftcl to 

app«.nQli3; ti^at ar-pwilses thea s^irai^ th^T® toM fcvaicl Block 
:''4Et4 ll©«E«r.n %lmt th©y ■^©•uid ifej^toiuto tx^iia notea only yp-oin tii® 

loat to the dwli^tu'y of the ■?i':bls»SA<By to app«ii«ta6 ^ jf-^px-asented 
by frjaid B.3.ook aa«-t S^isfseum* ^md %Mt iar?}''®IX<5«» could on %hm 
foXloHng U&mnyyg it- t»h®ii snci tli«r« b^jlrji* oft a Satiiirdfiiy aftsr- 
n;:'OA» c.me«i cnct revoke ftalfl iiotftst, If tr^ 3ropr-«?j@ntoiior^ of 
):>ai<l Bloci! ami We«i/ati ^s.re fouM I© t^ ffsl^tg or untrxi&i ttet 
ijaila Block and feteman toid si>p©ll®«5!t to execut® «tii<i not®a aixiS 
tiuit is«i<l BXo<2t. and M0««*.f>, aotimg for th# Eisipire Distinery 
Co^|.-;^i»y ^owld five api^ll^es two Aayfj in 'ft'itiich to o.J4Jwel -stiacJ 
revoke sjaici 'not#«s i* «»ai4 ropre«»ent2ati©©0 9© i?i;id© by aald 
Bloa'k iis^ti ItewiKan wers touwi to b« other than a& no ema® by 
iiieiai thtit aaict Block -aifl S^wisfm told 0-p|i«iXIoe» thflt »ald 
Block «fa» tins only on« ?«ho -^m authorised to mike out aaid 
notc«j thist h« «sa amu% to ieavfli the oity that m*wm ni^htf 
but if a|:;p«.li«e« t^ouM @x«cvit« Rf^^td not®®, h« w>uXd €»f»nd fata 
a^^^nt, Sewia-mi, eut to »p|,5#ll©#»« piac© of bvi«iri©d® cm %h& 
UKUKiny following, nt sshich %iim a.p-j>»lid«a ^-oulcJ have *;ii« prlvi*- 
1«6« *iftd ri^t to tfanoal »:iici oontrstat am notoA fiosi Jt;iv© th» 
«iua© it^liv63?«Hi up to thee toy hio aald agcsjt HewiSipin, ami timt 
ar:p<»ll<*«>»» relyiwg lij-on «aid j-roKioea, ejieoiitcd s^iici notes^ 

thAt ffatid RiSWfeaa Csil«f<J (X% iippiSllMB^* ]pl«iO«> Of biwilndu© OR 

tha IafomU»y follo^lfif,^ arid Ap|s«il«t«a then anti ther© nollfied 
a«iv3 H©r<iM» Of tJieir f?l©oiioR to «anc«i «ai<l n,ot«« and ocn- 
tract anti d«»ai5a«d that nttt^id ^vwm r^iutii aaid r»ot«a &n«i 



: ;• i^, ;•' v^i"-^ ;rT'; .j:!"-., W.C ^ffO-W 

'■■■ ■•; ■■■, V ircur.o .■■ -rl:;i(:-5 ■ -n^'^ «<ait»X 



** 3 •* 
Tii^ hill t\.krth(it ilXt^^^M th^t mxid ISmm^mg in vio» 
i4ti<m of XM t^rtm of his frincjips,! %lm m.M Slock i'^aNl t&» 
«ii.id tms>Xr9 Bii:?tiliejry Coi3|«H7i r^afu^dd f>o deliver to Aj.ji^il©3S 

J ©¥e»y one of »a4d jaol;«!» by rx|5fy«5l3i^«a is^aa aisd le a frivodl en 
tii« rights ojf ;tr.jvfiii^«a^ te<.it 3said n»t@« de* K<st yespreisi^jit 
4my iogcil obll^^iitlon on t-te K^^t ©f ;trp«iis«» to U^e Seipl?© 

~ of Raid jj0t©s fr©!8 tfi© B^^ii*© Slittiilery C&jsp.tjuy or oltitaff 
of ths otfisy pd(fti©ftj tiii?.^ yt tit« tism of the ax^cuftioa of 

Di®tlli«sry Oompi-iXtf ^M 3» iC. Bloofc aa'i ^oy» a-eiivarad to 

iipfH5ll«r«a by uaid 3Xaokp '-'^'dah sale! o®r1iifieat®« iipp^},l»&» 

ootiried kte <3rf thai? el^eti^jn to T<&voh& %h^ sjimtrsist :tn6, 
oa-rKJ«l ttald lOGtwss; tiii&t said Ife^fe^?;.© reqi>i**«ta4 ax'pf8ll»«s@ to 
JioXd %im oertif lc&t«a uatii thst r«»turyj of said Blook, «nd 
refused to -aca«j>t tii^ 3;;ijs«i tis^it %h® »aii1 81<Krk iJisd ^^wi^xR^ 
Uin agftttt, hJiy® rofufflfflwa i^mi t-^il&d to visisit this pluao© af 
Imainess of appellees at .>ay tiise ■slasc tMt iant ^wBtiorted 
and t!iat -!:tp'j^ll5n«9 h^xitn a;iu&#d th® aaid c^^rtif Icataa 1© he 
s&turaed to saiU BXecsk by rc:xla*-?iriii4 Uaitml 3t,Mt0» K*illi 
that a«ii;l Block *snd tnt l^apir© Bi«i'^ili«ry Cor^psmy a» ^ fr«uU 
upon the ri:iJt« of app«ne«8 h4iV« txan8forjf«d|> f5S»lr;n«d niut 
eonvaysd, a« app«il©««i ««■« informed ftwa b«?lisv«i# ull of 'he 
©aid noto« t,o the Hot©, Bond & ISort^ju?* CoKi:.'>Ry» b oorj.oratiea 
0f K«« Yorkj that »Aid .Sot«» BotxJ aM ifortssig.® CoiapHny of 
Se^ YoiS? ha« c&xtaed to ta« entered in Ui« HiuiUcir<»l Court of 
the City of Clilcago, h confesoion of ^liig^^flnt »45>or one not© 
in til© o\aa of t*v33»S5^ iniore-^it siiKl tit.toritey^n fees, JUBountlng 
in &11 to tiie aim of $.3G1»S.^» aaa exeowtion for Use ooliecticm 



'v. I ■;. .... « 

; •. ■:•: ■it. . 









Cff «aldi 4tt'.;iss«ft* ^^» bt>«iB pl''aod in tha h mcia of Anton J* 
Ooxm<kt B-illff of th$ S^iinlcipal Court of Chioaj^o^ tiw.t the 
certif icatea fi<®iition8d -ire of no valu® « tl^t th<»y jreisreaisnt 

»o VAiu* of :iRy klni-S or n.iure, .'^^-ifel arcs ®«*;i.ireif ■'i'itJiift ?,ii« 
conti?ol of the cuiid S»pir« Pir»fJ.ilery 0c«|mi^ ^M 3«id Blcwsk, 
ir^gRrtJl^a© of '^rtas tmy Jijxve po!»sc>8!s4on of tiio <saia®# .^nci that 
no «vhlo3t«y c-^ani ei* eiity ij« witMifa?m Jjy or through thee ??itli- 
out the cc3nn«nt of the o&id EiH^pir® ?)l«ti21»?,ry Co^f.^ny <:*?nl 
said Block I th^.it mxia Cf^Vls:^%kg E-rtliff of the Iluniclpal 
Courts ha» t!«eif^t3^e4 of arp«Xl©«8 |>.ayta©nt of the i»o«eya so 'iiie 
en ^rtld J«<l.5R«nt sfoove r-c^ntionftd aM ha® tlireatorsaeJ to Itvy 
upoix t4fi« goo«i8 si*-nci chattels of ar.p«Xl®@)? to ^atl^i>fy «»i4 juag- 
edstt niiii »x«outio8, to %h<$ gm^'.t Injvit'y .^nsvi ?f.rc*ng ©f apr'«jiioe«» 

Ttie bill i-Toyn that said F>artlf^0 T>« rsip^trhjned 
fro» further rrooe©fUfig tinder *ml t>y virtue of .'jKy eirooiitioa 
ajriwln^ out of aaid MunJoirf^J Ccuirt umli?ff «»«-! 1^ virtw© of tiia 
JudgRoni i>t conf©ftf?i0» ^T{*©F«d ob aaid ncita for t^''J3.:WB5, or 
afty otbfflj not* jjro^tlng mjt of the «s«oittlo» <:?f «ai4 cot ©a by 
aj4-v«ll««» to 9^X4. Empire T'ltttillmrf 0OKj--f-<ny ^^i^l eaici Bloek, 
aacJ iliyi ?«»lci Ewpir® 0i*till©ry Co«pi^Ryj» B, K. Block iAfid tfe« 
Sote, Bond & ISvyt^age Cotr-ny of !?»>« T^rk b« ye?Jtrained fron 
* oottf«?»tting ;Jud?3ft«»t en <:ijRy of ^n«5 3p<*RatiMe3r of s^.^d notea 
or from tT^nmf'&tritig any of c»ald uoi©» to ^-tssy other p^y'^oa 
or y«rnontt» 

Tt>e injimotioii oy^ier aub^taisttislly follow* %im ^^r^y- 
i'r of th« bill, 

7h^T0\i» no aliegatioR la tiis bill tfeiit ftjpellant 
wa© aM la not s &©ld»«' in «!u© courac of tli© not«« In ques»tioii| 
una it It lnai3t«dj *,h<jrf!fcr», tlw^t th« rr<^*^wfiR^tlon oooc iu« Ivo- 
ly obtains that appailftti* .nd la auoh holiler in tiu« ocsur«o« 



.... . . . ^;. jj .~r. ';-,,'-• ^ •■ "■■■■ :i 






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8x. 



3«ciiAon 5:^ of tha Sfj^otle^fele Im- truis^nt Act 4afSn«5« 
« Ikdlvler in due coursMS aa folloi^iit 

•A hoi ;<!r In dufi aour««s 1* a boliiejr «he 1m4« t^^(»R %h(6 

laainiiKORt ui'iior the follo^Tlnf; vion'Utlo:n«t 

l« Thut tiift inntruscent In* coisrleto nnd ref^lar Uf-cn ili*« 
face* 

3« Thfi% ho t>«OA^« th«a holder of it before it w>>u c^sj^iuat 
?*,nd without no*lcf> ti^^.-.st it h;,va bti«?ii i.-rr#l<;-vU»3ly diahattcsr^cl^ 
If 8uoh «?ttfl the fact* 

;w Thut b0 took it in rj>^ faitli a?fel for Vj-iXue. 

4. tiiat i>t tii0 ti&i^ It w&m iiGgotJlat«4 to hln ii*i iu-^d no 
notlo« of .iny ln.rSr{?i4tf in th« In^^tnus-^sn-t €>r .-{fsfeftfe in U«s 

S®otion 50 of ■'*.fvid ?AOt proYidof! a?) foUo^s? 

•Ev'j'ry hoi i«r ic^ ac.ar^d priiau> fac^g ?o Tx-i .=:■< hcl-.ior in 
due Qoume^ but rr^?^n it i:'! ^ho-sja i-.TrtTTbrr t:itle of ny vi^r- 
non who hv»9 ncj .oti-it©d the Ir.ntrunesRt *«5>.s deftjotive, the 
burdftn in on th^i .ho2d;3r to r^«5ve tfeit. .n© or notm r^-r^on 
unUer "rrhor. h« cl:i.i<9s» ac.^uir«4 the? titio aii s hoiuer in .-iu® 
courae# ^t the l:^3t Picnt.ionad rule am^ not ar-riy iii frsvor 
of « pirty v,-uo b^onme bound on the in.^tr'uiauRt forior to tho 
acq-ulsaiition Of euoh affect. lv« title,* 

Gttcfcion 55 of naio ,'iOt ia as fono»ai 

•Trie title of a /^r??OB «ho nsso'S^int.^a ?in in.?triutf«nt is 

d©f«»ctivft '^.'ithin th« K?eaning of thi« :-\o% v^htm he obtninftd 
iho in.' i.ruia«nt, fsr ajciy iii> natur« th^roto, by fr^iwd, »iuris80| 
or force ■rsnvl foar, or otur^t unliiwfiil ^^rasa* oi* for -m lliar-.aX 
oonfiider.'*<:ion or -^hcm ht. ae,r,«tiat»i3 It in fji-eaoh of faith," 
or un^'^fii" '^uch cirouii^tit-'j^offs ns :s»it>unt to ;«. frauds* 

Tlso oaft»8 cH«d -iiik}. y®ll«sa upon by '*pr<*3-i«*»»* •"*^« 
oaflos d«oid©